CN205008233U - Sorting machine - Google Patents

Sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205008233U
CN205008233U CN201520655670.7U CN201520655670U CN205008233U CN 205008233 U CN205008233 U CN 205008233U CN 201520655670 U CN201520655670 U CN 201520655670U CN 205008233 U CN205008233 U CN 205008233U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blocking plate
housing
spray road
spout
chamber
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520655670.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝志刚
Original Assignee
长沙深湘通用机器有限公司
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Priority to CN201520655670.7U priority Critical patent/CN205008233U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205008233U publication Critical patent/CN205008233U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sorting machine, which comprises a housin, be equipped with the discharge gate that is used for making the feed inlet of material entering casing inner chamber and is used for deriving the material through selecting separately respectively the casing inner chamber on the casing, the material output of feed inlet is equipped with the moving direction who is used for controlling material falling speed and whereabouts volume and changes the material through the air current, displacement and falling speed are in order to realize hindering the flitch with the formula of spouting that different particle diameter materials were selected separately or different proportion material is selected separately, it hinders the flitch including the spout that spouts the chamber and be used for spraying the air current that spouts the intracavity towards the material that is used for holding the air current to spout the formula, spout the formula and hinder on the flitch locates the wall body of casing, spout the spout that the formula hinders the flitch and arrange towards the casing inner chamber, spout the air intake that the formula hinders the flitch and arrange outside the casing. Accomplished effective separation of the different mineral of the same but proportion of different particle diameters or granule, greatly increased applicable field.

Description

Separator

Technical field

The utility model relates to the gravity separation apparatus field of material particles sorting and mineral, especially, relates to the screening installation of the sorting of a kind of material particles size and material gravity ore dressing.

Background technology

In prior art, materials a large amount of in production needs pulverized and carry out sorting by the size of particle.Screening installation for fine powder is a lot, generally can only adopt screening machine to process for the material of to tens millimeter.But use screening machine to carry out sorting and there is following problem:

1, screening efficiency is low, and the screening efficiency especially for the particle of to tens millimeter is lower, makes the output of crushing system reduce like this, adds the expenses such as energy consumption simultaneously.

The problems such as 2, for screening machine, disposal ability is lower, needs multiple stage screening machine, cause complex process like this when treating capacity is large, and floor space is large, and expense is high.

3, the screening media of screening machine is large, and often need shut down replacing, the fault rate of screening machine is high in addition.

5, when the moisture in material is higher, screening machine is difficult to normal work.

6, dust and noise are greatly, thus poor working environment.

In existing technique of preparing, generally can select gravity separation when there is no better dressing method for heavy mineral etc. in addition, gravity treatment be exactly the difference of the proportion utilizing material to carry out sorting, valuable mineral is sorted out.But there is following problem in existing gravity treatment:

1, existing gravity treatment must adopt the wet separation added water, can not dry separation.

2, existing gravity treatment sort that precision is low that is to say that to sort efficiency low, and for the particle of more than 1 millimeter gravity treatment its to sort precision lower, to be generally seldom used.

3, the disposal ability of gravity treatment is very low, often needs large batch facility and large-area factory building.

4, energy consumption is large, investment is large, operator is many, because which limit the application of gravity treatment.

For the problem of above-mentioned wherein gradation, publication number is that the Chinese patent application of CN200998711Y discloses a kind of Novel powder selector.This powder concentrator sorting granularity is 0.5 millimeter to the maximum.This powder concentrator is that fine powder to be sucked in analyzer and to send outside housing by the suction by being arranged on the analyzer in housing, and bulky grain falls in the space between baffle plate and inner walls.There is following problem in above-mentioned powder concentrator:

Due to the operation principle adopting analyzer to suck, suction is limited, and sorting granularity is 0.5 millimeter to the maximum, even if adopt the mode of air inlet blowing simultaneously, the comparatively coarse granule of more than 0.5 millimeter also cannot be sorted.This kind of powder concentrator is still confined to carry out classification by granular size in addition, does not have the content of gravity treatment.

Utility model content

The utility model provides a kind of separator, with solve suction in prior art limited cause cannot the material of sorting more than 0.5 millimeter and gravity separation exist can not dry separation, technical problem that beneficiating efficiency is low.Thus improve the range of application of gravity treatment.

According to an aspect of the present utility model, a kind of separator is provided, comprise housing, housing is provided with for making material enter the charging aperture of housing cavity and the discharging opening for the material through sorting being derived respectively housing cavity, the material output of charging aperture is provided with for controlling material falling speed and falling amount and being changed the moving direction of material by air-flow, displacement and falling speed are to realize the spray road formula material-blocking plate by the sorting of different-grain diameter material or the sorting of different specific weight material, spray road formula material-blocking plate comprises the chamber, spray road for holding air-flow and the spout for being sprayed towards material by the air-flow in spray chamber, road, spray road formula material-blocking plate is located on the wall body of housing, and the spout of spray road formula material-blocking plate is arranged towards housing cavity, and the air inlet of spray road formula material-blocking plate is arranged outward towards housing.

Further, spraying road formula material-blocking plate is fixed on the wall body of housing; Or spray road formula material-blocking plate is connected to the wall body of housing by the sealing sliding sleeve stretching into the built-in length of housing cavity for slidable adjustment spray road formula material-blocking plate.

Further, discharging opening comprises at least one first discharging opening being located at housing bottom and at least one is located at the second discharging opening on case side wall, and the first discharging opening and the second discharging opening are all arranged along the jet-impingement direction of spout.

Further, housing bottom is provided with at least two the first discharging openings; Be provided with between adjacent two the first discharging openings for by rotary oscillation to regulate the pendulum plate of material particle size sorting ratio or material proportion concentration criterion example, the first end of pendulum plate by tumbler along the first discharging opening arragement direction reciprocally swinging be connected between adjacent two the first discharging openings housing on, the second end of pendulum plate is encorbelmented in housing cavity; Or be provided with between adjacent two the first discharging openings and slide with the barrier plate regulating material particle size sorting ratio or material proportion concentration criterion example for passing through, barrier plate fits in also can along wall up and down reciprocatingly slidable adjustment on the shell wall side between adjacent two the first discharging openings.

Further, the chamber, spray road of spraying road formula material-blocking plate adopts put-through channel, S shape passage or spirality channel.

Further, the air channel of the air channel that the chamber, spray road of spraying road formula material-blocking plate is distributed by baffle for separating layered or distributed in grid.

Further, spray road formula material-blocking plate to arrange in the horizontal direction; Or the spout end of spray road formula material-blocking plate is downward-sloping; Or the spout end of spray road formula material-blocking plate is inclined upwardly.

Further, spray in chamber, road be provided with for changing air-flow velocity pumping chamber, for change air-flow velocity decompression chamber, for change airflow direction guide plate, for changing at least one in the conical nozzle of spout jet-stream wind flow velocity.

Further, the jet-impingement direction of spout is horizontally arranged, is upwards arranged or arrange downwards along the direction favouring horizontal plane along the direction favouring horizontal plane.

Further, the internal face of charging aperture is provided with for by blocking blanking bore to control the blanking material-blocking plate of material falling speed and falling amount in feed opening; Blanking material-blocking plate is positioned opposite with spray road formula material-blocking plate.

The utility model has following beneficial effect:

Application the technical solution of the utility model,

Application the technical solution of the utility model, by arranging spray road formula material-blocking plate at the material output of charging aperture, the material fallen from charging aperture is intercepted by spray road formula material-blocking plate, thus control speed and the falling amount of falling material, spray road formula material-blocking plate by spout to the material jet-stream wind fallen simultaneously, make, between air-flow and material and between material and material, interaction force occurs, the material fallen is collided or generation is disperseed after impacting, transverse shifting, or obliquely movement up or down, thus realize different-grain diameter feed separation or different specific weight feed separation, its small particle diameter material or little gravitational material are from being in the discharging opening of eminence or discharging housing cavity away from the discharging opening of spout, medium grain size material or medium specific weight material are from being in the discharging opening of lower or discharging housing cavity away from the discharging opening of spout, Large stone material or large gravitational material are from being in the discharging opening of lower or discharging housing cavity near the discharging opening of spout, thus realize the sorting of material.It can thus be appreciated that; separator of the present utility model changes current sorting process; make use of material to vary in size particle or similar particle size but the different move distance of material under the effect of air-flow of the proportion characteristic different with moving height, thus complete different-grain diameter or Particle Phase with but effective sorting of the different mineral of proportion.Owing to adopting, the obstruct mode of falling material is cushioned material, and the mode of spout to falling objects jet-stream wind is set, make separator of the present utility model can sub-elect the coarse grain of to tens millimeter, optional granularity comparatively prior art significantly expands, thus considerably increases applicable field.

Except object described above, feature and advantage, the utility model also has other object, feature and advantage.Below with reference to figure, the utility model is described in further detail.

Accompanying drawing explanation

The accompanying drawing forming a application's part is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and schematic description and description of the present utility model, for explaining the utility model, is not formed improper restriction of the present utility model.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is one of structural representation of the separator of the utility model preferred embodiment;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation two of the separator of the utility model preferred embodiment;

Fig. 3 is one of structural representation of the spray road formula material-blocking plate of the utility model preferred embodiment;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation two of the spray road formula material-blocking plate of the utility model preferred embodiment.

Marginal data:

1, housing; 2, charging aperture; 3, discharging opening; 301, the first discharging opening; 302, the second discharging opening; 4, road formula material-blocking plate is sprayed; 401, chamber, road is sprayed; 402, spout; 5, sliding sleeve is sealed; 6, plate is put; 7, tumbler; 8, barrier plate; 9, dividing plate; 10, blanking material-blocking plate; 11, air inlet.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail, but the utility model can by the multitude of different ways that limits and cover implement.

Fig. 1 is one of structural representation of the separator of the utility model preferred embodiment; Fig. 2 is the structural representation two of the separator of the utility model preferred embodiment; Fig. 3 is one of structural representation of the spray road formula material-blocking plate of the utility model preferred embodiment; Fig. 4 is the structural representation two of the spray road formula material-blocking plate of the utility model preferred embodiment.

As shown in Figure 1, the separator of the present embodiment, comprise housing 1, housing 1 is provided with for making material enter the charging aperture 2 of housing 1 inner chamber and the discharging opening 3 for the material through sorting being derived respectively housing 1 inner chamber, the material output of charging aperture 2 is provided with for controlling material falling speed and falling amount and being changed the moving direction of material by air-flow, displacement and falling speed are to realize the spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 by the sorting of different-grain diameter material or the sorting of different specific weight material, spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 comprises the chamber, spray road 401 for holding air-flow and the spout 402 for being sprayed towards material by the air-flow in spray chamber, road 401, spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 is located on the wall body of housing 1, and the spout 402 of spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 is towards housing 1 cavity arrangements, and the air inlet 11 of spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 is arranged towards housing 1 is outer.Application the technical solution of the utility model, by arranging spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 at the material output of charging aperture 2, the material fallen from charging aperture 2 is intercepted by spray road formula material-blocking plate 4, thus control speed and the falling amount of falling material, spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 by spout 402 to the material jet-stream wind fallen simultaneously, make, between air-flow and material and between material and material, interaction force occurs, the material fallen is collided or generation is disperseed after impacting, transverse shifting, or obliquely movement up or down, thus realize the sorting of different-grain diameter material or the sorting of different specific weight material, its small particle diameter material or little gravitational material are from being in the second discharging opening 302 of eminence or discharging housing 1 inner chamber away from the first discharging opening 301 of spout 402.Medium grain size material or medium specific weight material are from being in the second discharging opening 302 of lower or discharging housing cavity away from the first discharging opening 301 of spout 402.Large stone material or large gravitational material from being in the discharging opening 3 of lower or discharging housing 1 inner chamber near the first discharging opening 301 of spout 402, thus realize the sorting of material.It can thus be appreciated that; separator of the present utility model changes current sorting process; make use of material to vary in size particle or similar particle size but the different move distance of material under the effect of air-flow of the proportion characteristic different with moving height, thus complete different-grain diameter or Particle Phase with but effective sorting of the different mineral of proportion.Owing to adopting, the obstruct mode of falling material is cushioned material, and the mode of spout 402 pairs of falling objects jet-stream winds is set, make separator of the present utility model can sub-elect the coarse grain of to tens millimeter, optional granularity comparatively prior art significantly expands, thus considerably increases applicable field.Alternatively, spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 for air-flow pressurization or acceleration or accept high-speed gas, and air-flow to be discharged to falling material by spout 402.The moving direction of material can be changed into and move along horizontal tilt parabola upwards by spray road formula material-blocking plate 4; Or the parabola that the moving direction of material is changed in the horizontal direction is moved; Or the moving direction of material is changed into and moves along the level lower downward parabola that inclines.Discharging opening 3 adopts setting position is different and/or rational height is different multiple outlets to carry out the discharging of different specific weight or different-grain diameter respectively, thus realizes the sorting of material.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, alternatively, spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 to be fixed on the wall body of housing 1.Form overall structure, the stability of structure is better; When passing into air-flow in the chamber, spray road 401 to spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 and being discharged by spout 402, the vibrating noise of structure is less.Alternatively, road formula material-blocking plate 4 is connected to housing 1 wall body by the sealing sliding sleeve 5 stretching into the built-in length of housing 1 inner chamber for slidable adjustment spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 is sprayed.Implement by sliding to regulate spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 to stretch into the length of housing 1 inner chamber, to control material to enter housing 1 inner chamber speed and falling amount from charging aperture 2; Also control spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 can be assisted to spray the separating effect of air-flow to material simultaneously.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, discharging opening 3 comprises at least one and is located at the first discharging opening 301 bottom housing 1 and at least one is located at the second discharging opening 302 on housing 1 side wall surface.Small particle diameter material or little gravitational material is exported by being in the second high-order discharging opening 302; Large stone material or large gravitational material is exported by the first discharging opening 301 being in low level.First discharging opening 301 and the second discharging opening 302 are all arranged along the jet-impingement direction of spout 402.The material be separated directly is exported by each discharging opening under the effect of air-flow, reduces material in the time of the delay of housing 1 inner chamber, improve the efficiency of material sorting.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, bottom housing 1, be provided with at least two the first discharging openings 301.Make the stock grading of sorting thinner by arranging multiple first discharging opening 301.The material particular diameter exported near the first discharging opening 301 of spout 402 is maximum or material proportion is maximum, and the first discharging opening 301 is along with away from spout 402, and the material particular diameter of output is less or material proportion is less.Be provided with between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301 for by rotary oscillation to regulate the material particular diameter size or the great little pendulum plate 6 of material ratio that export from the first discharging opening 301 and/or the second discharging opening 302.By the deflection of pendulum plate 6, the material particular diameter sorting ratio or material proportion concentration criterion example that fall into different discharging opening can be changed.By controlling the deflection of pendulum plate 6, regulate fall into diverse location first discharging opening 301 fall into particle size or proportion size.The first end of pendulum plate 6 by tumbler 7 along the first discharging opening 301 arragement direction reciprocally swinging be connected between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301 housing 1 on, the second end of pendulum plate 6 is encorbelmented in housing 1 inner chamber.Thus the convenient pendulum plate 6 that controls carries out oscillation adjustment.Alternatively, be provided with between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301 for passing through slip to regulate the material particular diameter size or the great little barrier plate 8 of material ratio that export from the first discharging opening 301 and/or the second discharging opening 302.Can sliding up and down to change and fall into the material particular diameter sorting ratio of different discharging opening or material proportion concentration criterion example by barrier plate 8.Barrier plate 8 fits in also can along wall up and down reciprocatingly slidable adjustment on housing 1 wall between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301.By controlling the slip height of barrier plate 8, regulate fall into diverse location first discharging opening 301 fall into particle size or proportion size.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, the chamber, spray road 401 of spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 adopts put-through channel, S shape passage or spirality channel.Adopt different passages, realize different pneumatic convey.Can form different compression ratio and the output rating of air-flow in passage, and the pulsating nature of gas and turbulent condition cause material to disperse better and sorting.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the chamber, spray road 401 of spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 is separated into the air channel of layered distribution or the air channel of distributed in grid by dividing plate 9.As shown in Figure 3, the chamber, spray road 401 of spraying road formula material-blocking plate 4 is separated into the air channel of layered distribution by dividing plate 9.As shown in Figure 4, the chamber, spray road 401 of spraying road formula material-blocking plate 4 is separated into the air channel of distributed in grid by dividing plate 9.Adopt different channel layout, realize different pneumatic convey.Different compression ratio and the output rating of air-flow in passage can be formed.The air channel of layered distribution forms stratiform output gas flow.Grid type air channel forms latticed output gas flow.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, alternatively, spray road formula material-blocking plate 4 to arrange in the horizontal direction.Thus form horizontal direction air-supply.Alternatively, the spout end spraying road formula material-blocking plate 4 is downward-sloping.Thus formation favours the prone air-supply of level.Alternatively, the spout end spraying road formula material-blocking plate 4 is inclined upwardly.Thus formation favours horizontal plane air-supply upwards.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, be provided with in spray chamber, road 401 pumping chamber for changing air-flow velocity, for change air-flow velocity decompression chamber, for change airflow direction guide plate, for changing at least one in the conical nozzle of spout 402 jet-stream wind flow velocity.Realize the supercharging of air-flow by arranging pumping chamber, thus improve the speed of air-flow output.Realize the step-down of air-flow by arranging pressure-reducing chamber, thus increase the output speed of air-flow.The outbound course of air-flow is changed by guide plate.By adopting conical nozzle at spout 402, making to spray air-flow in chamber, road 401 due to the bore of pyramidal structure sharply reduces, thus makes the air-flow sprayed form spurting, forms high velocity air.

The direction that as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, the jet-impingement direction of spout 402 is horizontally arranged, edge favours horizontal plane is upwards arranged or is arranged downwards along the direction favouring horizontal plane.By the output that changes spout 402 towards, thus the injection direction of air-flow.Alternatively, spout 402 adopts circumferentially and radially adjustable moveable spout.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, the internal face of charging aperture 2 is provided with for by blocking blanking bore to control the blanking material-blocking plate 10 of material falling speed and falling amount in feed opening.Form multiple obstruct to material, prevent that the excessive sharpness of separation caused of material falling amount is low, the sorting problem such as unsuccessfully.Blanking material-blocking plate 10 is positioned opposite with spray road formula material-blocking plate 4.Form roundabout material dropping channel, prevent that the excessive sharpness of separation caused of material falling amount is low, the sorting problem such as unsuccessfully.

During enforcement, provide a kind of separator, comprise: housing 1, there is charging aperture 2, first discharging opening 301 and air inlet 11, charging aperture 2 is positioned at the top of housing 1, first discharging opening 301 is positioned at the bottom of housing 1, air inlet 11 is positioned on the side of housing 1, separator also comprises the second discharging opening 302 and spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), second discharging opening 302 is positioned at the side of housing 1, and spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) is arranged between charging aperture 2 and air inlet 11.The utility model efficiently solves limited the causing of suction in prior art cannot the problem of sorting more than 0.5 millimeter particle; The gravity separation of the various mineral that there is difference in specific gravity etc. can also be used in addition.

For grain sorting, the material feeding separator is generally the material of the various particle diameters of thickness inequality after pulverizing.For the material utilizing proportion to carry out sorting, what it fed separator must be carried out having carried out the work of packet classification or screening to the particle diameter of material, such as 1mm ~ 2mm, 2mm ~ 3mm,,, etc. divide into groups, and a certain like this group material enters separator carries out gravity treatment to its different proportion.For realizing this purpose: separator, comprise housing 1, there is charging aperture 2, first discharging opening 301 and air inlet 11.Charging aperture 2 is positioned at the top of described housing 1, and the first discharging opening 301 is positioned at the bottom of housing 1, and described air inlet 11 is positioned on the side of housing 1.Separator also comprises the second discharging opening 302 and spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), and on the side that the second discharging opening 302 is positioned at the housing 1 and side relative with air inlet 11 is arranged.Spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) is arranged between charging aperture 2 and air inlet 11, and is positioned at the direction towards charging aperture 2 of air inlet 11.Spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) can adopt flat-shaped square tube road.Flat-shaped square tube road can be divided into multilayer or be divided into many trellis.Spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) inside can also arrange the devices such as gas-flow deflector, pumping chamber, decompression chamber, and spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) can also wait direction to be obliquely installed up or down.Separator also comprises multiple first discharging opening 301 and barrier plate assembly of arranging along spout 402 injection direction, and multiple first discharging opening 301 is all positioned at the bottom of housing 1 and the injection direction along spout 402 is arranged successively.One end of barrier plate assembly (pendulum plate 6 or barrier plate 8) is connected between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301, and the other end of barrier plate assembly (pendulum plate 6 or barrier plate 8) extends between spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) and the second discharging opening 302.Barrier plate assembly is included in hinge (tumbler 7) between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301 and along the swingable pendulum plate 6 of hinge (tumbler 7).Barrier plate assembly comprises barrier plate, and barrier plate also can be arranged up or down.

Spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) is a pipeline, and it allows gas to go out the wind speed of spout 402 at least should more than 10 meter per seconds.In spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), other adjustment flow direction or angle can be set, and the device of adjustment pressure or flow velocity.Spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) can be horizontally disposed with, and also can be obliquely installed up or down.Spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) is towards the second discharging opening 302 and be positioned at same plane.Material to be selected enters after in housing 1 from charging aperture 2, and a part first drops on the first material-blocking plate (blanking material-blocking plate 10), and remaining part drops on the second material-blocking plate (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4).

Application the technical solution of the utility model, between charging aperture 2 and air inlet 11, and the side towards charging aperture 2 being positioned at air inlet 11 has additional spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4).For leading at a high speed or the air-flow of high pressure, concentrated high velocity air rushes at the material treating sorting to this spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4).Particularly, air-flow in use, need be passed into spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), preferably pass at a high speed or high pressure draught by separator.Air-flow first passes through spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) before entering housing 1, it has been high speed or accelerated that air-flow enters front of spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), treat that sorting material enters in housing 1 from charging aperture 2, part material to be selected first drops on down on the first material-blocking plate (blanking material-blocking plate 10), then drop on the material to be selected of other parts again on the second material-blocking plate (spraying road formula material-blocking plate 4), treat that the material of sorting falls behind from the second material-blocking plate (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), the air-flow of at least 10 meter per second speed sprayed is concentrated to collide with spout 402, after sorting material is collided or impacts, generation is disperseed, transverse shifting, or obliquely movement up or down, particulate in material and coarse fodder can be driven by high velocity air to move toward the second discharging opening 302 direction, for granularity or its thrust needed of the less particle of proportion less and can move farther higher and then can be taken out of from the second discharging opening 302 by high velocity air, and thick grain or heavy move distance are just less, fall and discharge from the first discharging opening 301 of housing 1 bottom.It can thus be appreciated that, separator of the present utility model changes current sorting process, make use of material vary in size or proportion variable grain in the different characteristic of the move under influence Distance geometry moving height of high velocity air, thus complete effective separation of different-grain diameter or proportion.Owing to have employed concentrated injection or the impact of high pressure or high velocity air and spray duct device, make pre-sorting machine of the present utility model can sub-elect the coarse grain of a millimeter ~ tens millimeters, optional granularity comparatively prior art expands significantly, thus considerably increases applicable field.

The technical scheme of Application Example, between charging aperture 2 and air inlet 11, and air inlet 11 is provided with towards the side of charging aperture 2 (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), this spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) is for the pressurization of air-flow or acceleration, or undertaking high velocity air, and guide gas to spray to material to be selected to carry out sorting.Particularly, separator in use, need pass into gas from air inlet 11, preferably passes at a high speed or gases at high pressure.Gas to enter in housing 1 when the spout 402 of spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) sprays, becomes high velocity air.Material to be selected enters rear portion from charging aperture 2 and drops on the first material-blocking plate (blanking material-blocking plate 10), this part material Main Function dropped on the first material-blocking plate (blanking material-blocking plate 10) is reduction of the decrease speed of material, the material that then this partial material directly falls with another part has dropped to again on second material-blocking plate (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) of reduction of speed effect, on the second material-blocking plate (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4), the material to be selected of landing enters housing 1 and the high velocity air sprayed with spout 402 the process fallen produces and collides, thus generation is broken up dispersion and is moved, material is made to be driven the direction of past second discharging opening 302 to move by high velocity air, for granularity or its thrust needed of the less particle of proportion is less just can move farther higher and then can be taken out of housing 1 from the second discharging opening 302 by high velocity air.Can get off to become product by dust-precipitator collecting from the second discharging opening 302 material out.Thick or heavy its move distance of particle is just very little, falls and discharges from the first discharging opening 301.As can be seen here, the screening installation of the present embodiment make use of material and to vary in size move distance under the effect of high velocity air of particle or proportion and highly different characteristics, thus completes and be effectively separated.Due to adopt air inlet mode and spray duct device is set, make the separator of the present embodiment to sub-elect zero to tens millimeter.Optional granularity comparatively prior art expands significantly, thus changes existing technique and considerably increase applicable field.

In an embodiment, multiple first discharging opening 301 is arranged along the injection direction of spout 402.When the wind speed of air intake or pressure slightly little time, for thicker or heavy particle, the coarse grain of such as tens millimeters is impacted by high velocity air and moves a segment distance, but because its particle is slightly large or than great, therefore the distance of its motion is not enough to again discharge from the second discharging opening 302, but crossed the space of the first discharging opening 301 near spout 402, therefore these coarse grain fall into the first discharging opening 301 interval away from spout 402 and therefrom discharge, and it can become the discharging structure that coarse grain product or large proportion product reduce gradually along the injection direction of spout 402.The big particle of discharging from the first discharging opening 301 near spout 402 returns pulverizer and again pulverizes.When for gravity treatment, what the first discharging opening 301 near spout 402 was discharged is heavy mineral, and this is generally product.The particle of the Large stone material that the first discharging opening 301 is discharged or large gravitational material reduces gradually along the injection direction of spout 402.Generally can return pulverizer from the big particle of the first discharging opening 301 discharge to pulverize again.As shown in Figure 1, one end of barrier plate assembly (pendulum plate 6 or barrier plate 8) is connected between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301, and the other end of barrier plate assembly (pendulum plate 6 or barrier plate 8) extends between spray duct device (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) and the second discharging opening 302.Above-mentioned barrier plate assembly (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) can play certain stop and the effect of resistance to material, be convenient to stop comparatively thick or that proportion is larger particle and force the speed that it enters the first discharging opening 301 and reduces the particle between coarse granule and fine grained, increase the resistance of above-mentioned particle, be conducive to like this improving the accuracy be separated.

As shown in Figure 1, barrier plate assembly (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) is included in pendulum plate 6 swingable between adjacent two the first discharging openings 301, and pendulum plate 6 tilts towards upper left side.Preferably, pendulum plate 6 is connected on hinge (tumbler 7), can swing around hinge (tumbler 7).Pendulum plate 6 swings to the left side, and the particle of the material that the first discharging opening 301 place away from spout 402 discharges diminishes or proportion diminishes; Pendulum plate 6 swings to the right, and the particle of the material that the first discharging opening 301 place away from spout 402 discharges becomes large or proportion becomes large.

As feasible embodiment, barrier plate assembly (spray road formula material-blocking plate 4) can select other version.Such as, barrier plate assembly can comprise the barrier plate 8 tilted towards upper left side, and barrier plate 8 is arranged movably.The particle of material of discharging away from the first discharging opening 301 place of spout 402 when barrier plate 8 moves to upper right side diminishes or proportion diminishes, otherwise the particle of the material of discharging away from the first discharging opening 301 place of spout 402 when barrier plate 8 moves to the right becomes large or proportion becomes large.

Because the utility model be utilize material particles vary in size or proportion varies in size and under the effect of high velocity air, to create different displacement or move to different height and make material obtain separation, therefore pre-sorting machine of the present utility model not only can obtain the separation to material particles size, equally can also to granular size close to but the different material of proportion carries out sorting, such as at metallic ore, in the materials such as nonmetallic ore or other half industrial products, material often containing two or more different specific weight, often need the separation carrying out different material or different minerals in the industrial production, adopt the utility model can obtain separation or the sorting of two or more material or mineral.The utility model can the material of sorting zero ~ tens millimeter.Employing the utility model is separated mineral etc. or its advantage of sorting is apparent, because such sorting is physical not employing chemical agent, so there is no the pollution of environment; The gravity separation method of mineral general in addition all must adopt wet concentration and particle diameter must be less, and sharpness of separation and output all very little, therefore application aspect is all less.And the utility model does not only have environmental pollution, and particle size all can sorting, can dry type sort, the high and treating capacity of sharpness of separation greatly, and small investment etc.

As can be seen from the above description, the utility model the above embodiments achieve following technique effect.

Effect when for carrying out the granular size of material during sorting:

1, higher than the efficiency of separation of the screening machine of prior art, the output of crushing system can be improved like this and reduce energy consumption, and changing existing sorting process thus.

2, unit disposal ability is much larger than the screening machine of prior art, which simplify technique, decreases floor space, and reduces expense.

3, higher than the screening machine reliability of prior art, wearability is good, and noise is little and dust is few.

4, the screening machine that can be used for prior art is difficult to the high moisture material adapted to.

5, larger than the scope of the optional granularity of existing powder concentrator, effectively widen application.

When the effect for carrying out ore etc. during the separation of the mineral of different specific weight.

1, than original gravity ore dressing method to sort precision higher.

2, larger than the treating capacity of original gravity ore dressing method.

3, original gravity ore dressing method must use wet concentration, and the utility model is without wet concentration, thus saves water and save subsequent treatment operation.

4, can under coarseness, the mineral namely carrying out precision higher sort, and can save energy consumption and ore treatment expense.

5, invest low, producing cost is few.

The mineral that 6, can replace many traditional handicrafts sort, and can be sorting mineral and add another equipment sorted preferably.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a separator, comprises housing (1),
Described housing (1) is provided with for making material enter the charging aperture (2) of described housing (1) inner chamber and the discharging opening (3) for the material through sorting being derived respectively described housing (1) inner chamber
It is characterized in that,
The material output of described charging aperture (2) is provided with for controlling material falling speed and falling amount and changing the moving direction of material, displacement and falling speed to realize spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) by the sorting of different-grain diameter material or the sorting of different specific weight material by air-flow
Described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) comprises the chamber, spray road (401) for holding air-flow and the spout (402) for being sprayed towards material by the air-flow in chamber, described spray road (401);
Described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is located on the wall body of described housing (1),
The described spout (402) of described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) towards described housing (1) cavity arrangements,
The air inlet (11) of described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is arranged outward towards described housing (1).
2. separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is fixed on the wall body of described housing (1); Or
Described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is connected to the wall body of described housing (1) by the sealing sliding sleeve (5) stretching into the built-in length of housing (1) inner chamber for slidable adjustment spray road formula material-blocking plate (4).
3. separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described discharging opening (3) comprises at least one first discharging opening (301) being located at described housing (1) bottom and at least one is located at the second discharging opening (302) on described housing (1) side wall surface,
Described first discharging opening (301) and described second discharging opening (302) are all arranged along the jet-impingement direction of described spout (402).
4. separator according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
Described housing (1) bottom is provided with at least two described first discharging openings (301);
Be provided with between adjacent two described first discharging openings (301) for by rotary oscillation to regulate the pendulum plate (6) of material particle size sorting ratio or material proportion concentration criterion example, the first end of described pendulum plate (6) by tumbler (7) along described first discharging opening (301) arragement direction reciprocally swinging be connected between adjacent two described first discharging openings (301) described housing (1) on, the second end of described pendulum plate (6) is encorbelmented in described housing (1) inner chamber; Or
Be provided with between adjacent two described first discharging openings (301) and slide with the barrier plate (8) regulating material particle size sorting ratio or material proportion concentration criterion example for passing through, described barrier plate (8) fits in also can along wall up and down reciprocatingly slidable adjustment on described housing (1) wall between adjacent two described first discharging openings (301).
5. separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Chamber, the described spray road (401) of described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) adopts put-through channel, S shape passage or spirality channel.
6. separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Chamber, the described spray road (401) of described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is separated into the air channel of layered distribution or the air channel of distributed in grid by dividing plate (9).
7. separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is arranged in the horizontal direction; Or
The spout end of described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is downward-sloping; Or
The spout end of described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4) is inclined upwardly.
8. separator according to any one of claim 1 to 7, is characterized in that,
Be provided with in chamber, described spray road (401) pumping chamber for changing air-flow velocity, for change air-flow velocity decompression chamber, for change airflow direction guide plate, for changing at least one in the conical nozzle of described spout (402) jet-stream wind flow velocity.
9. separator according to any one of claim 1 to 7, is characterized in that,
The direction that the jet-impingement direction of described spout (402) is horizontally arranged, edge favours horizontal plane is upwards arranged or is arranged downwards along the direction favouring horizontal plane.
10. separator according to any one of claim 1 to 7, is characterized in that,
The internal face of described charging aperture (2) is provided with for by blocking blanking bore to control the blanking material-blocking plate (10) of material falling speed and falling amount in feed opening;
Described blanking material-blocking plate (10) is positioned opposite with described spray road formula material-blocking plate (4).
CN201520655670.7U 2015-08-28 2015-08-28 Sorting machine CN205008233U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105032763A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 长沙深湘通用机器有限公司 Sorting machine
CN107511248A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-26 长沙深湘通用机器有限公司 Crush the process with unit sorting multi-product
CN107583860A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-16 格林美(武汉)城市矿产循环产业园开发有限公司 A kind of big little metallic particles air flotation unit
CN108160481A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 昆明理工大学 A kind of pneumatic cleaner

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105032763A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 长沙深湘通用机器有限公司 Sorting machine
CN107511248A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-26 长沙深湘通用机器有限公司 Crush the process with unit sorting multi-product
CN107583860A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-16 格林美(武汉)城市矿产循环产业园开发有限公司 A kind of big little metallic particles air flotation unit
CN108160481A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 昆明理工大学 A kind of pneumatic cleaner

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