CN204924604U - Rig derrick and base system vibration test model - Google Patents

Rig derrick and base system vibration test model Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204924604U
CN204924604U CN201520712135.0U CN201520712135U CN204924604U CN 204924604 U CN204924604 U CN 204924604U CN 201520712135 U CN201520712135 U CN 201520712135U CN 204924604 U CN204924604 U CN 204924604U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
derrick
support
base
nut
vibration test
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520712135.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
华剑
胡磊
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Yangtze University
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Yangtze University
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Priority to CN201520712135.0U priority Critical patent/CN204924604U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a rig derrick and base system vibration test model, includes and is equipped with the base in the bottom of derrick by the derrick that the base passes through elasticity analogue means and is connected with the support of fixing on ground, top at the derrick is equipped with vertical load loading device, being equipped with the vibration exciter support in the periphery of derrick, being equipped with the vibration exciter on the vibration exciter support, the vibration exciter passes through rigidity pole and derrick contact. Elasticity analogue means in, the spring gland is through a plurality of bolts and third nut and base fixed connection, screw rod and support fixed connection, the screw rod passes the spring and the spring gland is connected with the second nut. The utility model provides a pair of rig derrick and base system vibration test model can simulate in the vibration of ground injustice, load fluctuation and running gear individual event or multinomial combination to the dynamic characteristic's of derrick and base influence, provides the basis for configuration optimization. In the preferred scheme, the vibration of running gear can the load in derrick position and base in the optional position of vibration exciter support within range.

Description

Drilling derrick and support system vibration test model
Technical field
The utility model relates to drilling outfit field, particularly a kind of drilling derrick and support system vibration test model.
Background technology
Existing oil-well rig is in real work, there is the phenomenon of ground injustice, load is also in variable condition, in equipment running process, the running of moving component can by conduct vibrations to derrick, for guaranteeing the construction safety of oil-well rig, need to study the impact of above-mentioned factor on the dynamic perfromance of drilling derrick and base, for the antivibration of deep drilling rig, anti-vibration and structure optimization provide foundation.Existing derrick and base are tested, and are mostly to carry out at the scene, and testing cost is high, and the drilling progress that impact is on-the-spot.
Such as Chinese patent literature CN104713739A describes a kind of derrick test method, namely needs to test derrick at the scene.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of drilling derrick and support system vibration test model, can in uneven, the load change of ground foundation simulation and running gear vibration individual event or multinomial combination on the impact of the dynamic perfromance of derrick and base, for structure optimization provides foundation.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of drilling derrick and support system vibration test model, comprise derrick, be provided with pedestal and base in the bottom of derrick, pedestal is connected with the bearing being fixed on ground by degree of tightness analogue means;
Vertical load charger is provided with at the top of derrick;
Be arranged with exciter support at the outer of derrick, exciter support is provided with vibrator, and vibrator is by rigid rod and derrick or base contacts.
Be provided with man-like shelf bottom described derrick, supported by supporting seat at bending segment between man-like shelf and the steelframe of derrick, be connected by U-bolt and the first nut at vertical section between man-like shelf and the steelframe of derrick.
In described degree of tightness analogue means, spring capping is fixedly connected with pedestal with the 3rd nut by multiple bolt, and screw rod is fixedly connected with bearing, and screw rod is connected with the second nut with spring capping through spring.
Pedestal and spring capping are provided with the hole passed for screw rod, and the aperture of pedestal is greater than the external diameter of spring, and the aperture of spring capping is less than the external diameter of spring, and the aperture of spring capping is greater than the external diameter of screw rod.
In described vertical load charger, the ground below derrick is provided with pulley, and one end of wire rope is connected with euphroe, and the other end is walked around pulley and is connected with the top of derrick, is also provided with tautness meter on a steel cord.
Exciter support is movably arranged on and is fixedly arranged on the exciter support guide rail on ground.
Vibrator is fixedly connected with slide block, and slide block is connected with horizontally disposed vibrator slide, and slide block is provided with multiple vibrator trimming bolt for lock slider position.
Leading screw and nut mechanism is provided with at the exciter support at vibrator guide rail two ends, vibrator guide rail is connected with the nut in leading screw and nut mechanism, the top of one of them leading screw and nut mechanism is provided with handwheel, and the screw mandrel in two leading screw and nut mechanisms is connected by synchronous belt transmission device.
Derrick and base are provided with multiple strain transducer.
Derrick and base are provided with multiple acceleration transducer.
A kind of drilling derrick that the utility model provides and support system vibration test model, can in uneven, the load change of ground foundation simulation and running gear vibration individual event or multinomial combination on the impact of the dynamic perfromance of derrick and base, for structure optimization provides foundation.In preferred scheme, the vibration of the running gear of simulation can be carried in the optional position that derrick and base are positioned at exciter support scope.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is main TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is right TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of degree of tightness analogue means in the utility model.
In figure: derrick 1, exciter support 2, synchronous belt transmission device 3, vibrator 4, vibrator guide rail 5, vibrator trimming bolt 6, slide block 7, pedestal 8, bearing 9, pulley 10, wire rope 11, U-bolt 12, the first nut 13, supporting seat 14, man-like shelf 15, base 16, exciter support guide rail 17, handwheel 18, pilot hole 19, tautness meter 20, pulling force pulley 21, euphroe 22, screw rod 23, the second nut 24, bolt 25, the 3rd nut 26, spring capping 27, spring 28.
Embodiment
As in Fig. 1 ~ 3, a kind of drilling derrick and support system vibration test model, comprise derrick, pedestal 8 and base 16 is provided with in the bottom of derrick, wherein base 16 is for carrying drive unit, is also the source of partial vibration, and pedestal 8 is connected with the bearing 9 being fixed on ground by degree of tightness analogue means; Structure thus, for simulating different coupling stiffness between derrick 1 from bearing 9, and then the pedestal of simulation derrick loosens or the uneven phenomenon of ground foundation simulation.
Vertical load charger is provided with at the top of derrick 1; Structure thus, for giving derrick 1 loaded load.
Be arranged with exciter support 2 at the outer of derrick 1, exciter support 2 is provided with vibrator 4, and vibrator 4 is contacted with derrick 1 or base 16 by rigid rod.Structure thus, loads vibration for giving derrick 1 and base 16.
Preferably, on derrick 1 and base 16, appointed part is provided with multiple strain transducer.Occur that local stress changes when derrick 1 and base 16 are subject to loading effect, then strain transducer sends data to harvester.On derrick 1 and base 16, appointed part is also provided with acceleration transducer.When derrick 1 and base 16 vibrate, then send data to harvester by acceleration transducer.Preferred further, the pedestal 8 bottom derrick is also provided with pressure transducer, for detecting the distribution of force situation of each pedestal.Various sensor is not shown in the drawings.
Preferred scheme, as in Fig. 2, is provided with man-like shelf 15 bottom described derrick, supported between man-like shelf 15 and the steelframe of derrick at bending segment by supporting seat 14, is connected between man-like shelf 15 and the steelframe of derrick at vertical section by U-bolt 12 and the first nut 13.The bottom of derrick 1 and man-like shelf 15 is all hinged with pedestal 8.Structure thus, is convenient to installation and removal.
As in Fig. 3, in described degree of tightness analogue means, spring capping 27 is fixedly connected with pedestal 8 with the 3rd nut 26 by multiple bolt 25, and screw rod 23 is fixedly connected with bearing 9, and screw rod 23 is connected with the second nut 24 with spring capping 27 through spring 28.Structure thus, by regulating the second nut 24, conveniently can simulate different coupling stiffness between derrick 1 from bearing 9.
In preferred scheme, pedestal 8 and spring capping 27 are provided with the hole passed for screw rod 23, and the aperture of pedestal 8 is greater than the external diameter of spring 28, and the aperture of spring capping 27 is less than the external diameter of spring 28, and the aperture of spring capping 27 is greater than the external diameter of screw rod 23.Structure thus, can dismantle spring 28 easily, thus realize being rigidly connected between derrick 1 and bearing 9.
Preferred scheme is as in Fig. 2, in described vertical load charger, ground below derrick 1 is provided with pulley 10, one end of wire rope 11 is connected with euphroe 22, the other end is walked around pulley 10 and is fixedly connected with the top of derrick 1, wire rope 11 is also provided with tautness meter 20, and the pulling force of wire rope is recorded by tautness meter.Pulling force pulley 21 is also provided with between tautness meter 20 and euphroe 22.Structure thus, can give derrick 1 imposed load easily by euphroe 22, and can in process of the test dynamic load load.
Exciter support 2 is movably arranged on and is fixedly arranged on the exciter support guide rail 17 on ground.Structure thus, realizes the movable of exciter support 2.
Preferred scheme is as in Fig. 1, and vibrator 4 is fixedly connected with slide block 7, and slide block 7 and horizontally disposed vibrator guide rail 5 are slidably connected, and slide block 7 is provided with multiple vibrator trimming bolt 6 for lock slider 7 position.Structure thus, can the position of any level adjusting vibration exciter 4.
Preferred scheme is as in Fig. 2, leading screw and nut mechanism is provided with at the exciter support 2 at vibrator guide rail 5 two ends, vibrator guide rail 5 is connected with the nut in leading screw and nut mechanism, the top of one of them leading screw and nut mechanism is provided with handwheel 18, and the screw mandrel in two leading screw and nut mechanisms is connected by synchronous belt transmission device 3.Exciter support 2 is also provided with multiple pilot hole 19 from top to bottom, when vibrator guide rail 5 is adjusted to predetermined height, namely through pilot hole 19, vibrator guide rail 5 is located by register pin.
By above-mentioned structure, vibrator 4 can all around and moving up and down, and exciting is passed to the diverse location of derrick and base 16 by rigid rod.Excited frequency signal is sent by signal generator, through power amplifier to vibrator, is arranged in the signal that the acceleration transducer on derrick and base records and is gathered by collector and be transferred to computing machine analysis.
Device of the present utility model and coupled vibration and stress test equipment with the use of, can be used for that the aforementioned ground of quantitative examination is uneven, the many factors such as load change and running gear vibration on the impact of the dynamic perfromance of drilling derrick and base, for the antivibration of deep drilling rig, anti-vibration and structure optimization provide test basis.Compared with the dynamic test of scene rig, adopting this device to carry out test can reduce costs, and improves the security of test jobs, and avoids affecting on-the-spot drilling progress.
The above embodiments are only optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, and should not be considered as restriction of the present utility model, and the embodiment in the application and the feature in embodiment, can combination in any mutually when not conflicting.The technical scheme that protection domain of the present utility model should be recorded with claim, the equivalents comprising technical characteristic in the technical scheme of claim record is protection domain.Namely the equivalent replacement within the scope of this improves, also within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. drilling derrick and a support system vibration test model, comprise derrick, is provided with pedestal (8) and base (16), it is characterized in that in the bottom of derrick: pedestal (8) is connected with the bearing (9) being fixed on ground by degree of tightness analogue means;
Vertical load charger is provided with at the top of derrick (1);
Be arranged with exciter support (2) at the outer of derrick (1), exciter support (2) is provided with vibrator (4), and vibrator (4) is contacted with derrick or base (16) by rigid rod.
2. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, it is characterized in that: bottom described derrick, be provided with man-like shelf (15), supported by supporting seat (14) at bending segment between man-like shelf (15) and the steelframe of derrick, be connected by U-bolt (12) and the first nut (13) at vertical section between man-like shelf (15) and the steelframe of derrick.
3. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, it is characterized in that: in described degree of tightness analogue means, spring capping (27) is fixedly connected with pedestal (8) with the 3rd nut (26) by multiple bolt (25), screw rod (23) is fixedly connected with bearing (9), and screw rod (23) is connected with the second nut (24) with spring capping (27) through spring (28).
4. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 3 and support system vibration test model, it is characterized in that: pedestal (8) and spring capping (27) are provided with the hole passed for screw rod (23), the aperture of pedestal (8) is greater than the external diameter of spring (28), the aperture of spring capping (27) is less than the external diameter of spring (28), and the aperture of spring capping (27) is greater than the external diameter of screw rod (23).
5. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, it is characterized in that: in described vertical load charger, pulley (10) is provided with on the ground of derrick (1) below, one end of wire rope (11) is connected with euphroe (22), the other end is walked around pulley (10) and is connected with the top of derrick (1), and wire rope (11) is also provided with tautness meter (20).
6. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, is characterized in that: exciter support (2) is movably arranged on and is fixedly arranged on the exciter support guide rail (17) on ground.
7. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, it is characterized in that: vibrator (4) is fixedly connected with slide block (7), slide block (7) and horizontally disposed vibrator guide rail (5) are slidably connected, and slide block (7) is provided with multiple vibrator trimming bolt (6) for lock slider (7) position.
8. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, it is characterized in that: be provided with leading screw and nut mechanism at the exciter support (2) at vibrator guide rail (5) two ends, vibrator guide rail (5) is connected with the nut in leading screw and nut mechanism, the top of one of them leading screw and nut mechanism is provided with handwheel (18), and the screw mandrel in two leading screw and nut mechanisms is connected by synchronous belt transmission device (3).
9. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, is characterized in that: on derrick (1) and base (16), be provided with multiple strain transducer.
10. a kind of drilling derrick according to claim 1 and support system vibration test model, is characterized in that: on derrick (1) and base (16), be provided with multiple acceleration transducer.
CN201520712135.0U 2015-09-15 2015-09-15 Rig derrick and base system vibration test model Expired - Fee Related CN204924604U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520712135.0U CN204924604U (en) 2015-09-15 2015-09-15 Rig derrick and base system vibration test model

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105092195A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-25 长江大学 Drilling machine derrick and foundation system vibration test model
CN108896262A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-27 中国矿业大学 A kind of deep shaft flexible cage guide vibration mechine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105092195A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-25 长江大学 Drilling machine derrick and foundation system vibration test model
CN108896262A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-27 中国矿业大学 A kind of deep shaft flexible cage guide vibration mechine
CN108896262B (en) * 2018-06-26 2020-05-08 中国矿业大学 Vibration test bed for steel wire rope cage guide of deep vertical shaft

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151230

Termination date: 20180915

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee