CN204923698U - Heat pump vacuum drying device - Google Patents

Heat pump vacuum drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204923698U
CN204923698U CN201520664116.5U CN201520664116U CN204923698U CN 204923698 U CN204923698 U CN 204923698U CN 201520664116 U CN201520664116 U CN 201520664116U CN 204923698 U CN204923698 U CN 204923698U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
hot
water tank
condenser
heat pump
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520664116.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘斌
杨兆丹
许玉龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen ice cold chain Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Tianjin University of Commerce
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin University of Commerce filed Critical Tianjin University of Commerce
Priority to CN201520664116.5U priority Critical patent/CN204923698U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204923698U publication Critical patent/CN204923698U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat pump vacuum drying device aims at providing the stable good of a system, and energy balance nature is good, the device can the implementation system energy used multipurposely. Include the heat pump that becomes by compressor, condenser, choke valve and evaporator assembly. In the water tank is arranged with fixed attention in to the evaporimeter, in the hot -water tank is arranged in to the condenser, there are a plurality of hot -water heating boards in the dry packing box, have porous goods shelves on every hot -water heating board, have the baffling board in congealing the water tank, the gas vent and the gas feed who congeals the water tank of dry packing box are connected, congeal the gas outlet of water tank and the access connection of vacuum pump, and the parallelly connected back of water inlet of a plurality of hot -water heating boards is connected with the delivery port of hot -water tank through the water pump, are connected with the water inlet of hot -water tank after the delivery port of a plurality of hot -water heating boards connects in parallel, and the water tank passes through communicating pipe with the hot -water tank and is connected with fixed attention, has the intercommunication valve on communicating pipe. The switch cooperation of the device through communicateing valve and choke valve, stability and security are guaranteed to the temperature and the water yield that can adjust the hot -water tank, satisfy energy -conserving requirement.

Description

A kind of heat pump Minton dryer
Technical field
The utility model relates to dry processing technique field, relates to a kind of heat pump Minton dryer in particular.
Background technology
The traditional storage method of postharvest fruit and vegetable has refrigeration and dry.Dried foods gets more and more as functional food, but there is technical barrier such as energy consumption large grade.The drying machine being provided with a vacuum drying cylinder between every two adjacent vertical gravity air-flow cartridge heaters set forth by the patent document that the patent No. is 201510181788, invention and created name is " a kind of vertical barrel Continuous Heat general mood flow vacuum crop dryer "; The patent No. is 201420785608, invention and created name for " a kind of reinforced vacuum drier " patent document discloses a kind of drying machine, comprise vacuum drying engine housing, housing into rotation device and heater; The patent No. is 201420785861, invention and created name for " a kind of square vacuum drier " patent document discloses a kind of drying machine, comprise vacuum body, the inside of vacuum body is provided with stacked drying-plate; The patent No. is 201420784615, invention and created name for " a kind of Novel square vacuum drier " patent document discloses a kind of drying machine, comprise square box, chamber door, the inwall of described casing is double layer hollow passage; The patent No. is 201420731611, invention and created name for " a kind of vacuum drier drip pan round tube frame " patent document discloses a kind of vacuum drier drip pan round tube frame; The patent No. is 201420714656, invention and created name is " thermal cycle vacuum drier " patent document discloses a kind of drying machine, and comprise and be placed on high-order support, support has two feets in left and right; The patent No. is 201210070127, invention and created name for " complete vacuum drying equipment with free energy heat pump " patent document discloses a kind of drying system, mainly comprise Minton dryer, heat pump and condenser; The patent document that the patent No. is 201120478324, invention and created name is " high temperature heat pump vacuum drying chamber " discloses a kind of drying box, comprises casing, hermatic door and thermocirculator; The patent No. is 201410246444, invention and created name for " a kind of alternative expression heat pump Minton dryer " patent document discloses a kind of drying device, the used heat produced by refrigeration compressor uses as the thermal source of heat pump, save the energy getting rid of the used heat that refrigeration compressor produces, used heat is become the energy and is fully utilized.Wherein the patent No. be 201210070127,201120478324 and 201410246444 patent document propose heat pump Minton dryer, for system energy comprehensive utilization significant.But due to the air free energy that system adopts, the stability of system, the balance etc. of energy all do not solve.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the technological deficiency for existing in prior art, and provides a kind of good stability of system, and energy balance is good, can realize the heat pump Minton dryer of system capacity comprehensive utilization.
The technical scheme adopted for realizing the purpose of this utility model is:
A kind of heat pump Minton dryer, comprise the heat pump and boiler, condensation tank, dry container, vavuum pump and water pump that are made up of compressor, condenser, choke valve and evaporimeter, the exhaust outlet of described compressor is connected with the refrigerant inlet of condenser, the refrigerant outlet of described condenser is connected by the refrigerant inlet of described choke valve with described evaporimeter, and the refrigerant outlet of described evaporimeter is connected with the air inlet of described compressor; Described evaporimeter is placed in described condensation tank, and described condenser is placed in described boiler, is provided with multiple heater plate in described dry container, and each described heater plate is placed with porous shelf; Deflection plate is provided with in described condensation tank, the exhaust outlet of described dry container is connected with the gas feed of described condensation tank, the gas vent of described condensation tank is connected with the import of described vavuum pump, the water inlet parallel connection of multiple described heater plate is connected with the delivery port of described boiler by described water pump afterwards, be connected with the water inlet of described boiler after the delivery port parallel connection of multiple described heater plate, described condensation tank is connected by communicating pipe with boiler, and described communicating pipe is provided with communicating valve.
The bottom of described boiler is provided with sewage draining exit, and described sewage draining exit is provided with blowoff valve.
Be provided with discharge opening bottom described condensation tank, described discharge opening is provided with drain valve.
Described condenser is water-cooled condenser.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, heat pump Minton dryer provided by the invention, the energy of heating plate comes from the condenser heat extraction of refrigeration system, and condenser is water-cooled condenser.Such design decreases the heating energy consumption in drying box, utilization be the heat extraction of condenser, water-cooled improves system effectiveness simultaneously.
2, heat pump Minton dryer provided by the invention, be connected by communicating valve between condensation tank with boiler, when the temperature of boiler exceedes certain limit, communicating valve is opened, cold water in condensation tank enters boiler, and reduce the temperature of boiler, water too much in boiler is directly got rid of by blowoff valve, arbitrarily can control the temperature in drying box like this, control drying process.
3, drying device of the present utility model is by the switch cooperation of communicating valve and choke valve, can regulate temperature and the water yield of boiler, ensure vacuum drying stability and security, meet energy-conservation requirement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure 1 shows that the structural representation of the utility model heat pump Minton dryer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
The structural representation of the utility model heat pump Minton dryer as shown in Figure 1, comprise the heat pump and boiler 9, condensation tank 1, dry container 16, vavuum pump 4 and water pump 11 that are made up of compressor 5, condenser 8, choke valve 13 and evaporimeter 2, described condenser 8 is water-cooled condenser.The exhaust outlet of described compressor 5 is connected with the refrigerant inlet of condenser 8, the refrigerant outlet of described condenser 8 is connected with the refrigerant inlet of described evaporimeter 2 by choke valve 13, and the refrigerant outlet of described evaporimeter 2 is connected with the air inlet of described compressor 5.Described evaporimeter 2 is placed in described condensation tank 1, and described condenser 8 is placed in described boiler 9, is provided with multiple heater plate 14 in described dry container 16, and each described heater plate 14 is placed with porous shelf 15.Deflection plate 3 is provided with in described condensation tank 1, the exhaust outlet of described dry container 16 is connected with the gas feed of described condensation tank 1, the gas vent of described condensation tank 1 is connected with the import of described vavuum pump 4, the water inlet parallel connection of multiple described heater plate 14 is connected with the delivery port of described boiler 9 by water pipe 12, described water pump 11 afterwards, be connected with the water inlet of described boiler 9 after the delivery port parallel connection of multiple described heater plate 14, described condensation tank 1 is connected by communicating pipe with boiler 9, is provided with communicating valve 7 described communicating pipe.
The bottom of described boiler 9 is provided with sewage draining exit, described sewage draining exit is provided with blowoff valve 10.
Be provided with discharge opening bottom described condensation tank 1, described discharge opening be provided with drain valve 6.
During the work of heat pump Minton dryer, the exhaust of compressor 5 enters condenser 8, by choke valve 13 after being cooled, enters evaporimeter 2 by the water in boiler 9, enters compressor 5 again and compresses, so circulate in evaporimeter 2 after heat absorption.Vavuum pump 4 works simultaneously, in condensation tank 1 and dry container 16, cause vacuum state; Hot water in boiler is transported on heater plate 14 heated porous thing frame 15 by water pump 11 needs dry article, then gets back to boiler 9, so circulates.The water vapour that porosity frame 15 produces after needing dry article heating is under the effect of vavuum pump 4, flow into condensation tank 1, after evaporator 2 and deflection plate 3 condense into water, remaining water vapour is discharged to external environment condition by vavuum pump 4, and the water of condensation enters condensation tank 1.Drain valve 6, communicating valve 7 and blowoff valve 10 are closed.
When the temperature of boiler 9 exceedes certain limit, open communicating valve 7, the cold water in condensation tank enters boiler 9, and reduce the temperature of boiler, water too much in boiler is directly discharged by blowoff valve 10; When the dilutional hyponatremia of condensation tank 1, open drain valve 6, unnecessary condensed water is discharged.
Drying device of the present utility model, by communicating valve, can regulate temperature and the water yield of boiler, ensure vacuum drying stability and security, meet power conservation requirement.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be noted that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a heat pump Minton dryer, it is characterized in that, comprise the heat pump and boiler, condensation tank, dry container, vavuum pump and water pump that are made up of compressor, condenser, choke valve and evaporimeter, the exhaust outlet of described compressor is connected with the refrigerant inlet of condenser, the refrigerant outlet of described condenser is connected by the refrigerant inlet of described choke valve with described evaporimeter, and the refrigerant outlet of described evaporimeter is connected with the air inlet of described compressor; Described evaporimeter is placed in described condensation tank, and described condenser is placed in described boiler, is provided with multiple heater plate in described dry container, and each described heater plate is placed with porous shelf; Deflection plate is provided with in described condensation tank, the exhaust outlet of described dry container is connected with the gas feed of described condensation tank, the gas vent of described condensation tank is connected with the import of described vavuum pump, the water inlet parallel connection of multiple described heater plate is connected with the delivery port of described boiler by described water pump afterwards, be connected with the water inlet of described boiler after the delivery port parallel connection of multiple described heater plate, described condensation tank is connected by communicating pipe with boiler, and described communicating pipe is provided with communicating valve.
2. heat pump Minton dryer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the bottom of described boiler is provided with sewage draining exit, and described sewage draining exit is provided with blowoff valve.
3. heat pump Minton dryer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, is provided with discharge opening bottom described condensation tank, and described discharge opening is provided with drain valve.
4. heat pump Minton dryer according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described condenser is water-cooled condenser.
CN201520664116.5U 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Heat pump vacuum drying device Expired - Fee Related CN204923698U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520664116.5U CN204923698U (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Heat pump vacuum drying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520664116.5U CN204923698U (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Heat pump vacuum drying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204923698U true CN204923698U (en) 2015-12-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520664116.5U Expired - Fee Related CN204923698U (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Heat pump vacuum drying device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105091509A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-11-25 天津商业大学 Vacuum drying device for heat pump
CN106512449A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-03-22 天津中医药大学 Enclosed compression heat pump evaporation system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105091509A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-11-25 天津商业大学 Vacuum drying device for heat pump
CN106512449A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-03-22 天津中医药大学 Enclosed compression heat pump evaporation system

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20161202

Address after: 518000 Guangdong Province, Shenzhen New District of Longhua City, Dalang street under Ling Pai Cun Industrial Park, building A5 A3 loyalty

Patentee after: Shenzhen ice cold chain Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Tianjin highway 300134 East Tianjin District of Beichen City

Patentee before: Tianjin University Of Commerce

Effective date of registration: 20161202

Address after: 518000 Guangdong Province, Shenzhen New District of Longhua City, Dalang street under Ling Pai Cun Industrial Park, building A5 A3 loyalty

Patentee after: Shenzhen ice cold chain Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Tianjin highway 300134 East Tianjin District of Beichen City

Patentee before: Tianjin University Of Commerce

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151230

Termination date: 20200831