CN2048786U - Vertical cone pulverizer - Google Patents

Vertical cone pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2048786U
CN2048786U CN 89208109 CN89208109U CN2048786U CN 2048786 U CN2048786 U CN 2048786U CN 89208109 CN89208109 CN 89208109 CN 89208109 U CN89208109 U CN 89208109U CN 2048786 U CN2048786 U CN 2048786U
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China
Prior art keywords
garden
hole
axle sleeve
dish
main shaft
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Withdrawn
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CN 89208109
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Chinese (zh)
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李圣杰
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN 89208109 priority Critical patent/CN2048786U/en
Publication of CN2048786U publication Critical patent/CN2048786U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a vertical fine pulverizer, composed of a 180 DEG dimidiate barrel, a main shaft, an upper cover and a base. The utility model has three crushing chambers, and the intermediate crushing chamber is V-shaped. The main shaft and a hammer can rotate with high speed by the driving of an electric motor, and the crushing method is the impact type. Simultaneously, the utility model suitable for the crushing of various material with medium hardness has the advantages of stronger ablation, high selective crushing ability, big reduction ratio, small product graininess, uniformity, small blowing dust and low energy consumption. The device is used in front of the ball mill in the milling work, which can improve the grinding mill output more than 20%, save the power about 5-10 kilowatt-hour per ton and decrease the steel attrition of the steel ball in the grinding mill about 25%.

Description

Vertical cone pulverizer
The utility model relates to a kind of disintegrating apparatus, leads the fine crusher of hardness material in especially a kind of suitable fragmentation.
In prior art, the kind of disintegrating machine is a lot, and during broken various medium-hard material, all is to adopt jaw crusher usually, impact breaker, vertical-spindle hammer crusher or gyratory crusher etc.As vertical-spindle hammer crusher is to be used for production processes such as asbestos ore and cement industry, its characteristics adopt three or four measure-alike cylindrical superposed type breaking chamber structures, its better performances, but also have the rational inadequately shortcoming of structural design, for example, its top crusher chamber tup bears that load is big, and it is too fast wear and tear, and its underpart crusher chamber tup bear load little, wearing and tearing are slight, perform practically no function, fail to give full play to the effect of its broken material, cause the waste of energy.The garden conic crusher is to constitute " V " shape crusher chamber by mantle and fixed awl, mainly be mantle and bore work surely, crumbling method is that material is squeezed between fixed awl and mantle with crooked broken, this disintegrating machine adopts " V " shape crusher chamber, selective crushing ability to material is strong, and is extremely strict to strength of machine body and rigidity requirement, its equipment complexity, maintenance is inconvenient, the cost height.
The utility model designs in order to overcome above-mentioned weak point, it mainly is on the basis of the mechanism of the various disintegrating apparatus of research and characteristics, the characteristics of using for reference vertical-spindle hammer crusher and garden conic crusher design, purpose is to provide a kind of ratio of reduction bigger, energy-conservation, equipment in small, broken bits efficiently for broken material, particularly in the production process of cement industry, employing small grain size technology in small, broken bits, " to break the generation mill " can energy-conservation significantly and raising output.The utility model is a kind of improvement design, mainly the disintegrating machine internal structure is designed to three crusher chamber, promptly by epicoele, cavity of resorption and intermediate cavity are formed, its epicoele and cavity of resorption are the garden cylinder chamber, and cavity of resorption is littler than epicoele size, intermediate cavity is " V " shape chamber, these three crusher chamber are organically superimposed, constitute the structure vertical in small, broken bits of an optimization, its main feature is to have strengthened the size of epicoele and tup emphatically, and this has just relatively reduced the breaking strength of epicoele, has prolonged the service life of tup significantly, intermediate cavity adopts " V " shape chamber, its tup also correspondingly changes the structure of arc into, and intermediate cavity is designed to " V " shape, is in order to strengthen the selective crushing ability to material, strengthen the internal impact and the friction of material, strengthened fragmentation, the broken space of epicoele maximum, and the space minimum of cavity of resorption to material, thereby the balanced breaking strength of three crusher chamber has improved tup life-span and operation rate.Epicoele mainly plays the coarse crushing effect, it has determined the production capacity of conical vertical fine crusher, and in, cavity of resorption is further material in small, broken bits, counterpunch board in each crusher chamber is fixing with arc-shaped partition, dividing plate can play the effect of counterattack material again, has therefore strengthened the autoclasis of material, has increased the time of staying of material in machine, improved the crushing effect of material, this structure had both been coordinated and rationally.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is a structure diagram of the present utility model
Accompanying drawing 2 is spindle unit structure charts of the present utility model
Accompanying drawing 3 is cylindrical shell C-C profiles of the present utility model
Accompanying drawing 4 is arc-shaped partition structure charts of the present utility model
Accompanying drawing 5 is counterpunch board of the present utility model (6) and (9) structure chart
Accompanying drawing 6 is structure charts of counterpunch board of the present utility model (8)
Accompanying drawing 7 is peening hammer of the present utility model (29) structure charts
Accompanying drawing 8 is peening hammer of the present utility model (27) and (30) structure chart
Accompanying drawing 9 is annexation figure of the utility model load-bearing hinge I and II.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is further described, the utility model is by loam cake (3), main shaft (24), shell portion (5) and base portion (18) etc. are formed, wherein upper cover part comprises loam cake (3), liner plate (4), feed hopper (2), bearing (ball) cover (23), sealing ring (21) and bearing (22), loam cake (3) is a collar plate shape ironcasting as shown in Figure 1, there is the cylinder of a projection in central authorities, there is ladder garden type through hole at the Cylinder center, upper hole is through cooperating with bearing (22) outer race, post upper surface, garden has hole, the some gardens of even distribution is arranged on the outside protruding picture, there are two circle labyrinth grooves the lower surface, around the post of garden, be evenly distributed with 4 radial diagonal bar plates above the disk, three circle hole, equally distributed garden is arranged on the last capping, hole, garden, outer ring is identical with the hole count and the aperture of cylindrical shell upper limb, the aperture and the hole count of all the other two circles are identical with the hole of liner plate (4), side at the garden dish also has square charging aperture, screwed hole is arranged around the charging aperture, liner plate (4) is four and is 1/4 garden curved thin plate, its diameter is slightly less than loam cake, the liner plate center bore is bigger slightly than sealing ring (21) diameter, feed hopper (2) is a square bobbin, lower edge all has the hole, garden on it, bearing (ball) cover (23) is a garden dish type ironcasting, there is the hole, garden at the center, hole, some gardens is arranged on every side, sealing ring (21) is garden dish-type cast iron or steel-casting, centre bore is greater than the main shaft diameter, the corresponding bulge loop of groove that the lower surface of two circles and loam cake is arranged around the hole, the two matches, and constitutes labyrinth seal.
Main shaft portion comprises main shaft (24), three horn ring belt wheels (1), axle sleeve (32), axle sleeve (35), axle sleeve (34), axle sleeve (36), locking nut (25), garden dish (31) garden dish (26), peening hammer (27), peening hammer (29), peening hammer (30), pivot pin (28) etc., as shown in Figure 2, wherein main shaft (24) is a garden column type multidiameter, its one has a shaft shoulder, there is one section screw thread that matches with locking nut the other end, on the middle long optical axis long knob flat key groove is arranged, main shaft is manufactured axle sleeve (32) with No. 45 steel or steel alloy, axle sleeve (35), axle sleeve (34).Axle sleeve (36) is that structure is identical; the hollow shaft that length is different; its diameter of bore is a bit larger tham the main shaft diameter; keyway is all arranged on the endoporus; all axle sleeve is all made with QT50-5; various axle sleeves are except the weight that plays separation and supporting garden dish group and peening hammer; also play the protection main shaft and avoid the effect of the wearing and tearing of material; garden dish (31) is made for garden shaped steel plate; its center has the hole, garden to match with main shaft; endoporus has keyway; be evenly distributed with hole, 8 or 6 gardens on the card of garden; the aperture is identical with the pivot pin diameter; garden dish (26) is a garden shape metallic plate; its structure and garden dish (31) are basic identical; just square heavy hole greater than the hole, garden is processed on top, equally distributed hole on the card of garden; match with the square toes of pivot pin (28); the structure of being coiled three groups of gardens dishes (26) forming by garden dish (31) and garden is identical; size is slightly different; the effect of the inertia force that garden dish produces when mainly being the weight of each peening hammer of supporting and rotation thereof; peening hammer (27); peening hammer (29); peening hammer (30) is to be made with potassium steel 2GMn13 or composite high-chromium iron-cast material; as shown in Figure 8; the tup of peening hammer (27) is that two parts square piece with different gradients is formed; connected hammer afterbody is divided into flat garden shape, and the garden hole identical with the pivot pin diameter, aperture arranged on it.Three kinds of peening hammer structures are basic identical, it is the size difference, and one group of outer rim of hitting tup in the middle V-arrangement crusher chamber is the garden arc, its radius of curvature is less than garden, the cross section arc radius of curvature R of counterpunch board (8), and locking nut (25) is a flat garden nut, and internal diameter is connected with spindle thread, mainly be moving for preventing the axle sleeve string, pivot pin (28) is the garden pin, and spindle nose is square toes, and there is screw thread the other end.Three row's peening hammers are housed on the main shaft altogether, and the quantity of three row's peening hammers is respectively the 4-4-6 arrangement or 4-4-3 arranges, and is depicted as the 3rd row's peening hammer as Fig. 3 C-C section and arranges.
Shell portion comprises cylindrical shell (5), arc-shaped partition (7), counterpunch board (6), counterpunch board (8), counterpunch board (9), arc-shaped partition (10), support plate (11), compositions such as support plate (12) and bolt, as shown in Figure 1, its middle cylinder body (5) is a garden shape metal thin-wall housing, make can 180 ° of switchings two parts, each vertically is welded into connecting plate with long narrow steel plate along two junction, the two side is flexibly connected with the load-bearing hinge, opposite side connects with bolt, hole, the some gardens of even distribution is arranged on the outer rim of its upper and lower end face, four row holes, uniform garden are arranged on the barrel wall, arc-shaped partition (7) is a sector, its central angle is 45 °, cylinder by a band of side direction central angle direction projection ripple in the covering of the fan, the angular bisector both sides that are positioned at central angle locate respectively to have a garden shape through hole outside sector for 11 ° 15 °, can be connected with cylindrical shell by bolt.As shown in Figure 4, the shape of arc-shaped partition (10) is identical with arc-shaped partition (7) with structure, just the size difference.Totally 4 groups of arc-shaped partitions, 8 every group are arranged in one and enclose on cylinder inboard wall, and cylindrical shell is separated into three cavitys, have formed three crusher chamber with three row's peening hammers.Counterpunch board (6) is to make the fanning strip with straight type ripple with potassium steel 2GMn13, wave base cross sectional shape along ripple is a rectangle, its central angle is 45, there is one section plane at two along the ripple direction, be convenient to fixing using, be arranged in by 8 and form the I crusher chamber on the barrel, counterpunch board (9) is identical with counterpunch board (6) structure, just size is less than the latter, again because it is when mounted with two parallel support plate (11) and (12) bed hedgehoppings that are welded in the barrel bottom, the space of the III crusher chamber of being made up of 8 counterpunch boards (9) is just less like this, can fix better in order to make counterpunch board (9), so support plate (12) is a sheet with rib.Counterpunch board (8) is the fanning strip of band garden arc ripple, along the wave base cross sectional shape of its ripple for being the garden cambered surface of radius with R, the support plate that fuses with it is arranged below it, along arcwall face back and horizontal support plate vertical direction three gussets are arranged, respectively there is one section plane at each one in the middle of being positioned at and two in ripple direction two, as shown in Figure 6, the II crusher chamber of being made up of 8 counterpunch boards (8) is " V " shape chamber, and it has played the effect of forming a connecting link.
Base portion comprises base (13), bearing block (20), bearing (ball) cover (15), sealing ring (14), bearing (19), packing ring (16), hopper (18), bearing block (20) and bearing (17) etc., wherein base (13) is the hollow garden dish made from QT50-5, there is hollow Cylinder in central authorities, fuse by the hollow big garden of 6 gussets and outer ring dish, all there is outside flange the upper and lower end face of hollow big garden dish, last lower flange upper edge garden week is evenly distributed with hole, some gardens, can be connected with cylindrical shell and basis respectively by bolt, all there is screw hole 6 gussets following, and there are some screw holes post upper surface, central garden along garden week; Bearing block (20) is a garden connected in star, hole, some gardens is arranged on the flange of upper surface, bearing (ball) cover (15) is the garden dish type, diameter on centre bore and the main shaft relevant position is big slightly, the hole, garden is arranged on every side, its centre bore is other to have two to enclose bulge loops, and sealing ring (14) is a garden dish metallic plate, rotates with main shaft during work, two circle grooves are arranged around its centre bore, the composition labyrinth seal that matches with bulge loop on the bearing (ball) cover, hopper (18) is the taper funnel, and is up big and down small, make with sheet metal, have on its outward flange suitable for reading and hole, the corresponding garden of base gusset, be connected with base by screw, end opening has garden shape ring flange.
Knob flat key (33) is installed on the main shaft (24), to install on the main shaft after axle sleeve (32) the keyway contraposition then, shaft shoulder upper end with main shaft is the location, from bottom to up garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (26), axle sleeve (34), garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (26), axle sleeve (34), garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (26) and axle sleeve (34) are installed on the main shaft successively again, use garden nut check again.With pivot pin (28) and nut with peening hammer (30), peening hammer (29) and peening hammer (27) are fixed on respectively in the middle of each garden dish group from bottom to up successively, with main shaft shaft shoulder lower end serves as that sealing ring (14) is equipped with in the location, bearing (ball) cover (15), bearing (19), packing ring (16), bearing (17), sealing ring (21) is equipped with in the main shaft upper end, loam cake (3), bearing (ball) cover (23), belt pulley (1), two support plates (11) (totally 4) and support plate (12) (totally 2) are welded in the corresponding site of the III crusher chamber in the cylindrical shell respectively, then with garden arc dividing plate (10), counterpunch board (9), garden arc dividing plate (10), counterpunch board (8), garden arc dividing plate (7), counterpunch board (6), garden arc dividing plate (7) is fixed by bolts on the cylinder inboard wall successively from bottom to up, forms I, II, three crusher chamber of III.
Bearing block (20) is installed in the central garden post of base (13), again base is fixed with bolt and cylindrical shell, and then hopper (18) is connected with base (13) lower screw.Loam cake liner plate (4) is connected with loam cake (3), main shaft is installed on the middle guide hole of base, at last feed hopper (2) is screwed on charging aperture.
The utility model has following advantages compared with the prior art: the utility model is in structural design On improve, the characteristics of main shaft hammer mill and garden conic crusher have been drawn, middle crusher chamber is set as V-arrangement, structurally played the effect of forming a connecting link, and epicoele bulk maximum, cavity of resorption bulk minimum makes three crusher chamber intensity more balanced, thereby improved the operation rate of complete machine, before being used for ball mill in the cement industry, carry out small grain size technology in small, broken bits, can improve mill output more than 20%, this crusher machine bigger (about 20), product granularity is all neat, and maximum particle size is less than 5mm, and airborne dust is little, energy consumption is low, but power saving 5~10 degree per ton reduce its steel ball, forging abrasion about 25%, cylindrical shell is made 180 ° of switchings, installation and repairing is convenient, is a kind of more satisfactory fine crusher.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of conical vertical fine crusher, it is that a side connects with hinge by the cylindrical shell of being made up of two and half garden column types (5), the method for attachment of two half semicircle types, opposite side bolting, cylindrical shell (5) have a loam cake (8) and base (13) and hopper (18).Rotatable main shaft (24) is housed in the guide hole of loam cake (3) and base (13), liner plate (4) and feed hopper (2) are arranged below the loam cake (3), bearing block (20) and hopper (18) are arranged on the base (13), main shaft (24) lower end serves as that sealing ring (14) is equipped with in the location with shaft shoulder lower surface, bearing gland (15), bearing (19), packing ring (16), bearing (17), on the main shaft (24) between loam cake (3) and the base (13), common knob flat key is housed, and the movable peening hammer of three rows is housed, the quantity of three row's peening hammers is respectively 4-4-6 and arranges, it is to be the location with shaft shoulder upper surface, load onto axle sleeve (32) successively from the bottom to top, garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (26), axle sleeve (34), garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (26), axle sleeve (34), garden dish (31), axle sleeve (35), garden dish (26), axle sleeve (36), and with garden nut check, again with peening hammer (30), peening hammer (29) and peening hammer (27) are fixed to each group garden with pivot pin from the bottom to top respectively and coil middle, sealing ring (21) is equipped with in the upper end of main shaft, loam cake (3), bearing (ball) cover (23), belt pulley (1), with two support plates (11) totally 4 and support plate (12) totally 2 corresponding sites that are welded in the III crusher chamber in the cylindrical shell successively, then in cylindrical shell from the bottom to top successively with bolt by two groups of arc-shaped partitions (10) and two groups of arc-shaped partitions (7) with three groups of counterpunch boards (counterpunch board (9), counterpunch board (8) and counterpunch board (6) are fixed on the housing, it is characterized in that having formed three crusher chamber by each group arc-shaped partition and counterpunch board, promptly by top big garden cartridge type crusher chamber I, the centre is taper crusher chamber II and following less garden cartridge type crusher chamber III, wherein the counterpunch board (8) of the tapered crusher chamber II in garden is for having the sector of garden arc ripple, along the wave base cross sectional shape of its ripple for being the garden cambered surface of radius with R, the horizontal support plate that fuses with it is arranged below it, be connected with three gussets along arcwall face back and horizontal support plate are perpendicular, each one in the middle of being positioned at and two, in ripple direction two one section plane is arranged respectively, the tup of peening hammer (29) is made up of two parts square with different gradients, the outer end of tup is the garden arc, its radius of curvature is less than garden, the cross section arc radius of curvature R of counterpunch board (8), the hammer afterbody that fuses with it is a flat garden shape, the hole, garden is arranged above, be evenly distributed with several holes, garden on dish (26) face of garden, and a square heavy hole of being processed into greater than the hole, garden in hole, garden.
2, according to the said conical vertical disintegrating machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that said peening hammer, the quantity of its three rows peening hammer can also be 4-4-3 arrangement, and peening hammer is all made with potassium steel or composite high-chromium iron-cast material.
3, according to the said conical vertical disintegrating machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that said I chamber, the garden dish (26) in II chamber and the hole, garden on (31) face are 8, and the hole, garden on the card of garden, III chamber is 6.
CN 89208109 1989-05-30 1989-05-30 Vertical cone pulverizer Withdrawn CN2048786U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 89208109 CN2048786U (en) 1989-05-30 1989-05-30 Vertical cone pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 89208109 CN2048786U (en) 1989-05-30 1989-05-30 Vertical cone pulverizer

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CN2048786U true CN2048786U (en) 1989-12-06

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CN 89208109 Withdrawn CN2048786U (en) 1989-05-30 1989-05-30 Vertical cone pulverizer

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102228847A (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-11-02 湘潭湘科机电设备有限公司 Supporting bracket of interlayer box body of lining plate mounting bearing seat of vertical type mill
CN103285972A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-09-11 杨新田 Multistage ore crusher
CN104959191A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-10-07 福建丰力机械科技有限公司 Mechanical impact-type ultrafine grinder
CN107377163A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-24 长兴捷明机械有限公司 A kind of cement material flour mill
CN109780550A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-21 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 A kind of high temperature solid waste clinker is crushed the method and its system of cooling
CN109780551A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-21 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 A kind of method and low power consuming equipment of graded crushing waste incineration clinker
CN112588408A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-02 郑州鼎盛高新能源工程技术有限公司 Impact inner container of standardized modular impact crusher
CN109780551B (en) * 2019-03-21 2024-07-05 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Method for classifying and crushing garbage incineration slag blocks and low-energy-consumption equipment

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102228847A (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-11-02 湘潭湘科机电设备有限公司 Supporting bracket of interlayer box body of lining plate mounting bearing seat of vertical type mill
CN103285972A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-09-11 杨新田 Multistage ore crusher
CN104959191A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-10-07 福建丰力机械科技有限公司 Mechanical impact-type ultrafine grinder
CN107377163A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-24 长兴捷明机械有限公司 A kind of cement material flour mill
CN109780550A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-21 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 A kind of high temperature solid waste clinker is crushed the method and its system of cooling
CN109780551A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-21 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 A kind of method and low power consuming equipment of graded crushing waste incineration clinker
CN109780550B (en) * 2019-03-21 2024-04-02 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Method and system for crushing and cooling high-temperature solid waste blocks
CN109780551B (en) * 2019-03-21 2024-07-05 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Method for classifying and crushing garbage incineration slag blocks and low-energy-consumption equipment
CN112588408A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-02 郑州鼎盛高新能源工程技术有限公司 Impact inner container of standardized modular impact crusher

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