CN204869345U - A crowded machine of doing - Google Patents

A crowded machine of doing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204869345U
CN204869345U CN201520652802.0U CN201520652802U CN204869345U CN 204869345 U CN204869345 U CN 204869345U CN 201520652802 U CN201520652802 U CN 201520652802U CN 204869345 U CN204869345 U CN 204869345U
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Prior art keywords
helical
machine
tube
extract
blade fragment
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CN201520652802.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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张雷
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Guangzhou 3E Machinery Co Ltd
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Guangzhou 3E Machinery Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

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  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Processing And Handling Of Plastics And Other Materials For Molding In General (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model provides a crowded machine of doing, including the frame, set up in actuating mechanism in the frame, with the crowded material mechanism that actuating mechanism connects, with the blank mechanism that crowded material mechanism connects, and with the discharge mechanism that blank mechanism connects, crowded material mechanism include with the screw axis that actuating mechanism connects, screw axis one end is provided with a helical blade section, the other end still be provided with with the 2nd helical blade section of helical blade section separation, the screw axis overcoat is equipped with the tube -in -tube structure, the tube -in -tube structure with blank mechanism connects, just be provided with the feeder hopper in the tube -in -tube structure, the feeder hopper is located a helical blade section department. Can extrude moisture among the waste plastic that more fully to discharge, the follow -up plastics granulation of carrying on of being convenient for by stage to waste plastic.

Description

Extract a machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to technics of reclaim of plastic waste reutilization technology field, and particularly one extracts a machine.
Background technology
Along with rapid economic development, there is a large amount of waste or used plastics to produce every year, if not through regeneration cycle process, great pollution can be caused to environment.And by the green process to the recycling of waste or used plastics, not only avoid pollution but also can economic benefit be produced.In the conventional technology; the recovery of waste or used plastics has two kinds of Equipments Setting: the first is waste plastic recovery pelletizer; it is generally only applicable to the plasticizing granulation of the waste or used plastics of the lower drying of water content; the water content of waste or used plastics is required relatively stricter, thus need before this through processed.But, after dewaterer or squeezing machine dehydration, need the conveying equipment through a set of more complicated could dock with waste plastic recovery pelletizer.Therefore, waste plastic recovery pelletizer is all generally need supporting dewaterer just can use at the scene.And dehydration can not separate with granulation, if dehydration and granulating working procedure are separated, need again a large amount of containers to hold the rear waste or used plastics of dehydration, simultaneously because waste or used plastics is by broken in a jumble rear, hold not easily.So the cost of this kind of technics of reclaim of plastic waste is high; The second extracts a machine, and this kind extracts a machine can extract dehydration to waste or used plastics, then pre-granulation; the plastic pellet water content obtained is lower; can directly granulation on comminutor, and the plastic pellet obtained is convenient stores and transport, thus real to granulation and dehydration procedure is separated.The cost that this kind extracts a machine is low.
There is following shortcoming in the pre-granulation of extracting in conventional art: the helical blade on helical axis only has one section of helical blade, and weak effect is discharged in the extruding for water; Heater is generated heat by electrical heating, and transfers heat to material through iron and steel material quality sleeve, thus material is melted, and this kind of mode of heating energy consumption is large, and heat loses greatly in transmittance process, and efficiency is low; Helical axis only has one end to fix, and such Method compare easily makes axle fracture; Nesting box is directly connected with blower fan, and extract out by blower fan and expect on aggregate bin, this kind of mode can cause discharging to have some setbacks, thus material can be made to get lodged on cutoff device, occurs card machine, needs to be cleaned out by material and could again start shooting after shutdown.
Utility model content
Based on this, for solving the problem, the utility model provides one to extract a machine, can segmentation extrude waste or used plastics, more fully can discharge the moisture in waste or used plastics, is convenient to follow-uply carry out plastic granulating.
Its technical scheme is as follows:
One extracts a machine, comprises frame, is arranged at the driving mechanism in described frame, the material extrusion mechanism be connected with described driving mechanism, the material cutting mechanism be connected with described material extrusion mechanism, and the discharging mechanism be connected with described material cutting mechanism; Described material extrusion mechanism comprises the helical axis be connected with described driving mechanism, described helical axis one end is provided with the first helical-blade fragment, the other end is also provided with the second helical-blade fragment be separated with described first helical-blade fragment, be arranged with tube-in-tube structure outside described helical axis, described tube-in-tube structure is connected with described material cutting mechanism; And described tube-in-tube structure is provided with feed hopper, described feed hopper is positioned at described first helical-blade fragment place.
Drive material extrusion institution staff by driving mechanism, the waste and old recycled plastic putting into material extrusion mechanism is carried out extrusion dehydration, obtain dry plastics, and then through material cutting mechanism, dry plastics is cut into plastic grain, be convenient to follow-uply carry out granulation process to plastics.In extruding plastic process, the extruding of two sections of helical blades that plastics will be arranged on helical axis, first helical-blade fragment is used for the moisture in feeding backward and extruding plastic, second helical blade can be extruded dried plastics and carry out heating and melting to plastics, can fully remove moisture in plastics, also be convenient to waste or used plastics to extrude.Further, leave one section of blank in the centre of two sections of helical blades, plastics can be produced in clear band and pile up, form certain resistance to leading portion, make can extrude more moisture in leading portion extrusion process, back segment also can enter more plastics, can melt the material of more, load also can strengthen.Like this helical axis is arranged to two sections, squeeze the water out better effects if, and not only durable output strengthens, and keeps in repair also very convenient.
Below further technical scheme is described:
Further, described tube-in-tube structure comprises the propeller cap being sheathed on the first helical-blade fragment place, and is sheathed on the friction cartridge heater at described second helical-blade fragment place.Propeller cap coordinates with the first helical-blade fragment, can form screw extrusion passage, can extrude the moisture in waste or used plastics better.And friction cartridge heater is set by the second helical-blade fragment, by the rubbing action of helical blade with friction cartridge heater, just realizing the heating to waste or used plastics, without the need to using electric heater unit, just can more effectively make waste or used plastics material melt, economize energy.Friction cartridge heater be directly and material friction generates heat, need not pass through other medium transferring heats, transmission efficiency is high.
Further, described helical axis two ends are fixed in described frame respectively by axle holder.By being fixed at the two ends of helical axis, relative to the one end only fixing helical axis, can make helical axis more firm and durable, the life-span is longer.
Further, described material cutting mechanism comprises blank cutter, the variable-frequency motor be connected with described blank cutter, and is arranged on the discharge gate below described blank cutter, and described discharge gate is set to large straight degree of lip-rounding formula.Discharge gate is set to the form of large straight mouth, and discharge gate is not directly connected with the blower fan of discharging mechanism, the material extruded directly is discharged from the discharge gate of large straight degree of lip-rounding formula after material cutting mechanism cutting, drops on discharging mechanism.Discharging is smooth and easy, and the situation of putty card machine can not occur, and make the sustainability of production process strong, production efficiency improves.And use variable-frequency motor to drive blank cutter, can carry out frequency control, the size of the cutting particle of plastics materials can be passed through speed governing to reach, convenient and simple.
Further, described discharging mechanism comprises the receiving hopper be connected with described discharge gate, the blower fan structure be connected with described receiving hopper.After the chopping material that material cutting mechanism is discharged is discharged from the discharge gate of large straight degree of lip-rounding formula, drop on the receiving hopper of discharging mechanism, the material suction in receiving hopper is walked by blower fan structure, carries out granulation process to deliver in comminutor.
Further, described blower fan structure comprises the feed pipe be communicated with described receiving hopper, the blower fan be communicated with feed pipe, and the discharging opening be communicated with blower fan.Blower fan works, and the material in receiving hopper can be sucked by feed pipe, and is discharged by discharging opening, and can realize material convenient and simplely and extract the transhipment granule between machine and comminutor, not easily bridging efficiency is high.
Further, described driving mechanism comprises the mair motor be arranged in described frame, the drive mechanism be connected with described mair motor, the reduction box be connected with described drive mechanism, and described reduction box is connected with described helical axis.Drive drive mechanism action by mair motor, drive mechanism is by power transmission to reduction box, and power is adjusted to suitable size by reduction box, to drive helical axis to rotate, conveniently extrudes waste or used plastics and melts.
Further, described drive mechanism comprises the first belt wheel be connected with described mair motor, the second belt wheel be connected with described reduction box, and the driving belt connecting described first belt wheel and described second belt wheel.Drive mechanism is set to belt wheel mechanism, longer-distance power transmission and larger speed transmission can be realized.
The utility model has following beneficial effect: the better effects if that plastics materials squeezes the water out, and extrude output large, production efficiency is high, and the energy consumption consumed in production is low, can support the use with plastics recovery comminutor better.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the master extracting a machine described in the utility model embodiment looks broken section structural representation;
Fig. 2 be extract a machine described in the utility model embodiment overlook broken section structural representation;
Fig. 3 is that broken section structural representation is looked on the left side extracting a machine described in the utility model embodiment.
Description of reference numerals:
100-frame, 200-driving mechanism, 210-mair motor, 220-drive mechanism, 230-reduction box, 300-material extrusion mechanism, 310-feed hopper, 320-propeller cap, 330-helical axis, 332-first helical-blade fragment, 334-second helical-blade fragment, 340-rubs cartridge heater, 400-material cutting mechanism, 410-variable-frequency motor, 420-discharge gate, 500-discharging mechanism, 510-receiving hopper, 520-feed pipe, 530-blower fan, 540-discharging opening.
Detailed description of the invention
Below embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail:
As shown in Figure 1, one extracts a machine, comprises frame 100; be arranged at the driving mechanism 200 in frame 100; the material extrusion mechanism 300 be connected with driving mechanism 200, the material cutting mechanism 400 be connected with material extrusion mechanism 300, and the discharging mechanism 500 be connected with material cutting mechanism 400.Material extrusion mechanism 300 is driven to work by driving mechanism 200, the waste and old recycled plastic putting into material extrusion mechanism 300 is carried out extrusion dehydration, obtain dry plastics, and then through material cutting mechanism 400, dry plastics is cut into plastic grain and discharge through discharging mechanism 500, be convenient to follow-uply carry out granulation process to plastics.
In addition, as shown in Figure 1, above-mentioned driving mechanism 200 comprises the mair motor 210 be arranged in frame 100, the drive mechanism 220 be connected with mair motor 210, and the reduction box 230 be connected with drive mechanism 220, reduction box 230 is connected with material extrusion mechanism 300.Drive drive mechanism 220 action by mair motor 210, drive mechanism 220 is by power transmission to reduction box 230, and power is adjusted to suitable size by reduction box 230, to drive material extrusion mechanism 300 to work, conveniently extrudes waste or used plastics and melts.And drive mechanism 220 comprises the first belt wheel be connected with mair motor 210, the second belt wheel be connected with reduction box 230, and the driving belt connecting the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel.Drive mechanism 220 is set to belt wheel mechanism, longer-distance power transmission and larger speed transmission can be realized.In addition, also drive mechanism 220 can be set to chain-wheel mechanism or be set to gear mechanism etc.
In addition, above-mentioned material extrusion mechanism 300 comprises the helical axis 330 be connected with the reduction box 230 of driving mechanism 200, and helical axis 330 two ends are fixed in frame 100 respectively by axle holder.By being fixed the two ends of helical axis 330, relative to the one end only fixing helical axis 330, can make helical axis 330 more firm and durable, the life-span is longer.And, as shown in Figure 2, helical axis 330 one end is provided with the first helical-blade fragment 332, the other end is also provided with the second helical-blade fragment 334 be separated with the first helical-blade fragment 332, namely clear band is left between the first helical-blade fragment 332 and the second helical-blade fragment 334, and being arranged with tube-in-tube structure outside helical axis 330, tube-in-tube structure is connected with material cutting mechanism 400.And tube-in-tube structure being provided with feed hopper 310, feed hopper 310 is positioned at the first helical-blade fragment 332 place.In extruding plastic process, the extruding of two sections of helical blades that plastics will be arranged on helical axis 330, first helical-blade fragment 332 is for the moisture in feeding backward and extruding plastic, second helical-blade fragment 334 can be extruded dried plastics and carry out heating and melting to plastics, can fully remove moisture in plastics, also be convenient to waste or used plastics to extrude.Further, leave one section of blank in the centre of two sections of helical blades, plastics can be produced in clear band and pile up, form certain resistance to leading portion, make can extrude more moisture in leading portion extrusion process, back segment also can enter more plastics, can melt the material of more, load also can strengthen.Like this helical axis is arranged to two sections, squeeze the water out better effects if, and not only durable output strengthens, and keeps in repair also very convenient.
And tube-in-tube structure comprises the propeller cap 320 being sheathed on the first helical-blade fragment 332 place, and be sheathed on the friction cartridge heater 340 at the second helical-blade fragment 334 place.Propeller cap 320 coordinates with the first helical-blade fragment 332, can form screw extrusion passage, can extrude the moisture in waste or used plastics better.And friction cartridge heater 340 is set by the second helical-blade fragment 334, by the rubbing action of helical blade with friction cartridge heater 340, the heating to waste or used plastics just can be realized, without the need to using electric heater unit, waste or used plastics material just can be made more quickly and effectively to melt, economize energy.Friction cartridge heater 340 be directly and material friction generates heat, need not pass through other medium transferring heats, heat transfer efficiency is high.In addition, as shown in Figure 1, above-mentioned material cutting mechanism 400 comprises blank cutter, the variable-frequency motor 410 be connected with blank cutter, and is arranged on the discharge gate 420 below blank cutter, and discharge gate 420 is set to large straight degree of lip-rounding formula.Discharge gate 420 is set to the form of large straight mouth, and discharge gate 420 is not directly connected with discharging mechanism 50, the material extruded directly is discharged from the discharge gate 420 of large straight degree of lip-rounding formula after material cutting mechanism 400 cuts, and drops on discharging mechanism 500.Discharging is smooth and easy, and the situation of putty card machine can not occur, and make the sustainability of production process strong, production efficiency improves.And use variable-frequency motor to drive blank cutter, can carry out frequency control, the size of the cutting particle of plastics materials can be passed through speed governing to reach, convenient and simple.
In addition, as shown in Figure 2 to Figure 3, above-mentioned discharging mechanism 500 comprises the receiving hopper 510 be connected with discharge gate 420, the blower fan structure be connected with receiving hopper 510.After the chopping material that material cutting mechanism 400 is discharged is discharged from the discharge gate 420 of large straight degree of lip-rounding formula, drop on the receiving hopper 510 of discharging mechanism 500, the material suction in receiving hopper 510 is walked by blower fan structure, carries out granulation process to deliver in comminutor.And blower fan structure comprises the feed pipe 520 be communicated with receiving hopper 510, the blower fan 530 be communicated with feed pipe 520, and the discharging opening 540 be communicated with blower fan 530.Blower fan 540 works, and the material in receiving hopper 510 can be sucked by feed pipe 520, and be discharged by discharging opening 540, and can realize material convenient and simplely and extract the transhipment granule between machine and comminutor, not easily bridging efficiency is high.
What the utility model provided extracts a machine, the better effects if that plastics materials can be made to squeeze the water out, and extrude output large, production efficiency is high, and the energy consumption consumed in production is low, can support the use with plastics recovery comminutor better.
Each technical characteristic of the above embodiment can combine arbitrarily, for making description succinct, the all possible combination of each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment is not all described, but, as long as the combination of these technical characteristics does not exist contradiction, be all considered to be the scope that this description is recorded.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to utility model patent scope.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. extract a machine, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, be arranged at the driving mechanism in described frame, the material extrusion mechanism be connected with described driving mechanism, the material cutting mechanism be connected with described material extrusion mechanism, and the discharging mechanism be connected with described material cutting mechanism;
Described material extrusion mechanism comprises the helical axis be connected with described driving mechanism, described helical axis one end is provided with the first helical-blade fragment, the other end is also provided with the second helical-blade fragment be separated with described first helical-blade fragment, be arranged with tube-in-tube structure outside described helical axis, described tube-in-tube structure is connected with described material cutting mechanism; And described tube-in-tube structure is provided with feed hopper, described feed hopper is positioned at described first helical-blade fragment place.
2. according to claim 1ly extract a machine, it is characterized in that, described tube-in-tube structure comprises the propeller cap being sheathed on the first helical-blade fragment place, and is sheathed on the friction cartridge heater at described second helical-blade fragment place.
3. according to claim 1ly extract a machine, it is characterized in that, described helical axis two ends are fixed in described frame respectively by axle holder.
4. according to claim 1ly extract a machine; it is characterized in that, described material cutting mechanism comprises blank cutter, the variable-frequency motor be connected with described blank cutter; and the discharge gate be arranged on below described blank cutter, described discharge gate is set to large straight degree of lip-rounding formula.
5. according to claim 4ly extract a machine, it is characterized in that, described discharging mechanism comprises the receiving hopper be connected with described discharge gate, the blower fan structure be connected with described receiving hopper.
6. according to claim 5ly extract a machine, it is characterized in that, described blower fan structure comprises the feed pipe be communicated with described receiving hopper, the blower fan be communicated with feed pipe, and the discharging opening be communicated with blower fan.
7. according to claim 1ly extract a machine; it is characterized in that, described driving mechanism comprises the mair motor be arranged in described frame, the drive mechanism be connected with described mair motor; the reduction box be connected with described drive mechanism, described reduction box is connected with described helical axis.
8. according to claim 7ly extract a machine, it is characterized in that, described drive mechanism comprises the first belt wheel be connected with described mair motor, the second belt wheel be connected with described reduction box, and the driving belt connecting described first belt wheel and described second belt wheel.
CN201520652802.0U 2015-08-25 2015-08-25 A crowded machine of doing Active CN204869345U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106079527A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-09 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司 Squeezing machine and extract method
CN107498740A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-22 杭州新恒诺机械有限公司 Low temperature granulating machine and plastic film recovery system
CN108890917A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-11-27 冯睿杰 A kind of plastic grain pelletizer

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106079527A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-09 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司 Squeezing machine and extract method
CN106079527B (en) * 2016-08-05 2018-01-09 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司 Squeezing machine and extract method
CN107498740A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-22 杭州新恒诺机械有限公司 Low temperature granulating machine and plastic film recovery system
CN108890917A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-11-27 冯睿杰 A kind of plastic grain pelletizer

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180119

Address after: 511450 Mount Huangshan Road, Dlong village, Dlong street, Panyu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, No. 1

Patentee after: Guangzhou Bai Yi environmental protection & Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Panyu District Dalong street Guangzhou city Guangdong province 511450 Xinqiao village Tai'an Road West Street No. 8 of the cross

Patentee before: Guangzhou 3E Machinery Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191218

Address after: Room 101, building 2, No. 4, West Liuheng street, Tai'an Road, Dalong street, Panyu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangzhou 3E Machinery Co., Ltd.

Address before: 511450 Mount Huangshan Road, Dlong village, Dlong street, Panyu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, No. 1

Patentee before: Guangzhou Bai Yi environmental protection & Technology Co., Ltd.