CN203994314U - Film squeezing dewaterer - Google Patents

Film squeezing dewaterer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203994314U
CN203994314U CN201420409506.3U CN201420409506U CN203994314U CN 203994314 U CN203994314 U CN 203994314U CN 201420409506 U CN201420409506 U CN 201420409506U CN 203994314 U CN203994314 U CN 203994314U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine barrel
thread segment
screw rod
film squeezing
feed stage
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420409506.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李平心
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ZHANGJIAGANG BEISIJIA MACHINERY CO Ltd
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ZHANGJIAGANG BEISIJIA MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201420409506.3U priority Critical patent/CN203994314U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203994314U publication Critical patent/CN203994314U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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  • Separation, Recovery Or Treatment Of Waste Materials Containing Plastics (AREA)
  • Processing And Handling Of Plastics And Other Materials For Molding In General (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of film squeezing dewaterer, be provided with machine barrel and case on support, machine barrel is comprised of feed stage machine barrel, compression section machine barrel and fluxing zone machine barrel, on feed stage machine barrel, is provided with feed hopper; Screw rod interts in machine barrel, and the screw rod that stretches into feed stage machine barrel is provided with the first thread segment, and the screw rod that is positioned at compression section machine barrel is polished rod, and the screw rod that stretches into fluxing zone machine barrel is provided with the second thread segment; In feed stage machine barrel arranged outside, there is the first drive unit; Material discharging mould is sealed on fluxing zone machine barrel tube port position, has the cutter sweep being driven by the second drive unit in material discharging mould arranged outside, on feed stage machine barrel and compression section machine barrel barrel, is provided with cone-shaped osculum; First, second described thread segment is double thread, and the first thread segment pitch is greater than the second thread segment pitch; In fluxing zone machine barrel arranged outside, there is the backgauge case with conveying device.Its advantage is: extract dehydration and pelletizing is effective, operating efficiency is high and energy consumption is low.

Description

Film squeezing dewaterer
Technical field
The utility model relates to plastics recovery regeneration techniques field, relates in particular to a kind of film squeezing dewaterer.
Background technology
Along with the range of application of plastic products is more and more extensive, waste plastic is also more and more, waste plastic is not perishable, if deal with the waste that not only can cause resource improperly, but also can have a strong impact on people's living environment, and then harm people's health, thereby waste plastic need to be reclaimed and reuses.
Film squeezing dewaterer is mainly used in reclaiming the membranaceous waste plastics such as discarded film, polybag, woven bag, by the material by fragmentation and after cleaning, be that membranaceous waste plastic is extracted, dewaters and cuts into granular material, thereby be conducive to the recycling of membranaceous waste plastic.
The patent No. is to disclose a kind of film squeezing dewaterer in 201120480400.9 Chinese utility model patent document, comprise: be arranged on the machine barrel on support, described machine barrel is comprised of feed stage machine barrel, compression section machine barrel and fluxing zone machine barrel, on feed stage machine barrel cylindrical shell, be provided with the feed hopper being connected with machine barrel, on feed stage machine barrel and compression section machine barrel barrel, be provided with some osculums, on fluxing zone machine barrel cylindrical shell, be provided with heater; Screw rod interts in machine barrel, stretches on the screw rod in feed stage machine barrel and is provided with the first thread segment, and the screw rod that is arranged in compression section machine barrel is polished rod, stretches into and on the screw rod in fluxing zone machine barrel, is provided with the second thread segment; The first drive unit that has drive screw turns in feed stage machine barrel arranged outside; Material discharging mould with some extrusion cavities is sealed on fluxing zone machine barrel tube port position; in fluxing zone machine barrel nozzle arranged outside, there is the pelleter that the fusion plastification shape material of extruding from extrusion cavities is cut into granular material; pelleter is driven by the second drive unit, is provided with the containing case that holds granular material below pelleter.
The major defect that said structure exists is: the operating efficiency of this film squeezing dewaterer is lower, energy consumption is high and it is undesirable to extract dehydrating effect, film squeezing dewaterer in the course of the work, heater need to heat being arranged in the material of fluxing zone machine barrel always, thereby guarantee that material in fluxing zone machine barrel can be always in fusion plastification state, and then the material of fusion plastification state can be extruded by the extrusion cavities on material discharging mould; In addition, fall into and be deposited in the granular material of containing case in fusion plastification state, thereby easily cohere Cheng Yituo, greatly reduce the effect of pelletizing.
Utility model content
The technical problem of the required solution of the utility model is: a kind of film squeezing dewaterer that dehydrating effect is good, pelletizing is effective, operating efficiency is high and energy consumption is low of extracting is provided.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: described film squeezing dewaterer, comprise: be arranged on the machine barrel on support, in machine barrel periphery, be provided with the case that machine barrel is covered, described machine barrel is comprised of feed stage machine barrel, compression section machine barrel and fluxing zone machine barrel, on feed stage machine barrel cylindrical shell, is provided with the feed hopper being connected with machine barrel; Screw rod is interted and is arranged in machine barrel by bearing, stretches on the screw rod in feed stage machine barrel and is provided with the first thread segment, and the screw rod that is arranged in compression section machine barrel is polished rod, stretches into and on the screw rod in fluxing zone machine barrel, is provided with the second thread segment; The first drive unit that has drive screw turns in feed stage machine barrel arranged outside; Material discharging mould with some extrusion cavities is sealed on fluxing zone machine barrel tube port position, in material discharging mould arranged outside, there is the pelleter that the fusion plastification shape material of extruding from extrusion cavities is cut into granular material, pelleter is driven by the second drive unit, is provided with the osculum of some conical by its shape on the barrel of feed stage machine barrel and compression section machine barrel; Described the first thread segment and the second thread segment are double thread, and the pitch of the first thread segment is greater than the pitch of the second thread segment; Nozzle outside at fluxing zone machine barrel is also provided with the backgauge case for temporary granular material, is also provided with wind power transmission device temporary granular material is cooling and output on backgauge case.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer, wherein, the structure of the first described drive unit is: be arranged on the motor on support, the output of motor is connected with reductor by belt transmission, and the output of reductor is connected with screw rod.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer, wherein, the structure of the second described drive unit is: the pelletizing motor that is arranged on backgauge case lateral wall; The structure of described pelleter is: the knife rest being connected with the output shaft of pelletizing motor; on knife rest, be provided with some cutting knifes; the cutting edge of each cutting knife abuts on the outer panel face of material discharging mould, thereby the cutting edge of each cutting knife can paste outer panel face under the driving of pelletizing motor, rotation completes cutting operation.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer, wherein, described wind power transmission device comprises the blower fan being arranged on support, and the air outlet of blower fan is connected with the air inlet of backgauge case, and the air outlet of backgauge case is connected with feed bin by air channel.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer, wherein, the pitch of the first thread segment is 1.5:1~3:1 with the ratio of the pitch of the second thread segment.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer wherein, is evenly arranged some gib blocks that arrange vertically on machine barrel cylindrical shell madial wall.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer, wherein, is becoming large conical section to the second thread segment gradually near being provided with diameter on the polished rod of the second thread segment, makes the diameter of the second thread segment screw rod body be greater than the diameter of the first thread segment screw rod body.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer, wherein, the first thread segment screw rod body with the diameter ratio of the second thread segment screw rod body is: 1:1.1~1:1.5.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer wherein, is also provided with heater on fluxing zone machine barrel.
Further, aforesaid film squeezing dewaterer wherein, is provided with rhone below case.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the first thread segment and the second thread segment are arranged to double thread, thereby the time of delivery that can shorten material can be increased work efficiency greatly, and the pitch of the first thread segment is arranged to be greater than to the pitch of the second thread segment, can increase the extruding dynamics of material in the machine barrel of compression section, thereby improved, extract dehydrating effect, thereby make material in the second thread segment produce friction by self and friction between the second thread segment and cylindrical shell plastifies simultaneously, make material frictional heating in fusion plastification state, when normal work, just need on fluxing zone machine barrel, not start for adding thermal material and make the heater of material in fusion plastification state always more like this, thereby can greatly reduce the energy consumption of film squeezing dewaterer.In addition, the setting of wind power transmission device, can be by rapidly cooling and output of the granular material in fusion plastification state after cutting, thus when guaranteeing to carry fast, can effectively prevent that again granular material is bonded together, and pelletizing operation can not lost efficacy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of film squeezing dewaterer described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of A part in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of screw rod.
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of machine barrel.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, technical scheme described in the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, film squeezing dewaterer described in the utility model, comprise: be arranged on the machine barrel 3 on support 1, in the periphery of machine barrel 3, be provided with the case 11 that machine barrel 3 is covered, described machine barrel is comprised of feed stage machine barrel 31, compression section machine barrel 32 and fluxing zone machine barrel 33, is provided with the feed hopper 21 being connected with machine barrel 3 on the cylindrical shell of feed stage machine barrel 31; Screw rod 6 is interted and is arranged in machine barrel 3 by bearing, stretches on the screw rod 6 in feed stage machine barrel 31 and is provided with the first thread segment 61, and the screw rod 6 that is arranged in compression section machine barrel 32 is polished rod, stretches into and on the screw rod 6 in fluxing zone machine barrel 33, is provided with the second thread segment 62; The first drive unit that has drive screw 6 rotations in the arranged outside of feed stage machine barrel 31; In the present embodiment, the structure of the first described drive unit is: be arranged on the motor 41 on support 1, the output of motor 41 is connected with reductor 42 by belt transmission, and the output of reductor 42 is connected with screw rod 6; Reductor 42 described in the present embodiment is hard-tooth surface speed reducer.With the material discharging mould 5 of some extrusion cavities, be sealed on the tube port position of fluxing zone machine barrel 33, in the arranged outside of material discharging mould 5, have the pelleter that the fusion plastification shape material of extruding from extrusion cavities is cut into granular material, pelleter is driven by the second drive unit.On the barrel of feed stage machine barrel 31 and compression section machine barrel 32, be provided with the osculum (not shown) of some conical by its shape, the osculum of conical by its shape can promote drainage speed discharges rapidly water from machine barrel 3, can also avoid material after fragmentation to be brought into simultaneously and in osculum, stop up osculum, below case 11, be provided with rhone 12, rhone 12 is connected with external pipe; Described the first thread segment 61 and the second thread segment 62 are double thread, and the pitch of the first thread segment 61 is greater than the pitch of the second thread segment 62; In the present embodiment, the pitch of the first thread segment 61 is 1.5:1~3:1 with the ratio of the pitch of the second thread segment 62.In the nozzle outside of fluxing zone machine barrel 33, be also provided with the backgauge case 13 for temporary granular material, on backgauge case 13, be also provided with the temporary granular material wind power transmission device of cooling and output rapidly.In the present embodiment, the structure of the second described drive unit is: the pelletizing motor 43 that is arranged on backgauge case 13 lateral walls; The structure of described pelleter is: the knife rest 71 being connected with the output shaft of pelletizing motor 43; on knife rest 71, be provided with some cutting knifes 7; the present embodiment be take the cutting knife 7 that is provided with three radial equipartitions on knife rest 71 and is described as example; the cutting edge of each cutting knife 7 abuts on the outer panel face of material discharging mould 5, thereby the cutting edge of each cutting knife 7 can paste outer panel face under the driving of pelletizing motor 43, rotation completes cutting operation.In the present embodiment, described wind power transmission device comprises the blower fan 44 being arranged on support 1, the air outlet of blower fan 44 is connected with the air inlet of backgauge case 13, the air outlet of backgauge case 13 is connected with feed bin 22 by air channel 8, can be provided for storing collecting bag or the receiver 23 of granular material at the discharging opening place of feed bin 22.In the present embodiment, on fluxing zone machine barrel 33, be also provided with heater.Film squeezing dewaterer is after use finishes; material that more or less can residual fraction fusion plastification state in fluxing zone machine barrel; residual material can harden gradually and stick in fluxing zone machine barrel; when reusing, film squeezing dewaterer can first open heater; make to remain in material fusion plastification in fluxing zone machine barrel 33 so that the startup running of machine; then heater can cut out; dewaterer is extracted in the setting of heater better protective film, has greatly extended the service life of film squeezing dewaterer.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 4, on the cylindrical shell madial wall of machine barrel 3, be evenly arranged some gib blocks 34 that arrange vertically, gib block 34 can make the material that is arranged in first, second thread segment 61 and 62 at machine barrel 3, move forward better under the driving of screw rod 6, effectively prevents solid accumulation in first, second thread segment 61 and 62 and does not move forward.In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 3, near being provided with diameter on the polished rod of the second thread segment 62, to the second thread segment 62, becoming large conical section 63 gradually, make the diameter of the second thread segment 62 screw rod bodies be greater than the diameter of the first thread segment 61 screw rod bodies, the first thread segment 61 screw rod bodies with the diameter ratio of the second thread segment 62 screw rod bodies are: 1:1.1~1:1.5.The setting of conical section 63, reduce material and from compression section machine barrel 32, moved to the speed of fluxing zone machine barrel 33, thereby increased the extruding dynamics of material in compression section machine barrel 32, thereby better material is extracted, conical section 63 can also guide the material after dehydration is extracted to move in the second thread segment 62 simultaneously.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows: the material by fragmentation and after cleaning is put into feed hopper 21, material enters feed stage machine barrel 31 from feed hopper 21, the first drive unit drive screw 6 rotates, the first thread segment 61 by the mass transport that is arranged in feed stage machine barrel 31 to compression section machine barrel 32, the material being delivered in compression section machine barrel 32 is piled up gradually and pushes, thereby the moisture in material is extruded, and moisture flows in rhone by osculum, material after dehydration moves in the second thread segment 62 under the guiding of conical section 63, thereby the material in the second thread segment 62 produces friction by self and friction frictional heat between the second thread segment 62 and cylindrical shell and plastifies, make material in fusion plastification state, the material of fusion plastification state is extruded by the extrusion cavities on material discharging mould 5, the material of the fusion plastification state of extruding is cut into granular material by the pelleter being driven by the second drive unit, granular material is rapidly cooling and by air channel 8 and feed bin 22 outputs under the effect of centrifugal force and blower fan 44.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the first thread segment 61 and the second thread segment 62 are arranged to double thread, thereby the time of delivery that can shorten material can be increased work efficiency greatly, and the pitch of the first thread segment 61 is arranged to be greater than to the pitch of the second thread segment 62, can increase the extruding dynamics of material in compression section machine barrel 32, thereby improved, extract dehydrating effect, thereby make material in the second thread segment 62 produce friction by self and friction between the second thread segment 62 and cylindrical shell plastifies simultaneously, make material frictional heating in fusion plastification state, when normal work, just need on fluxing zone machine barrel 33, not start for adding thermal material and make the heater of material in fusion plastification state always more like this, thereby can greatly reduce the energy consumption of film squeezing dewaterer.In addition, the setting of wind power transmission device, can be by rapidly cooling and output of the granular material in fusion plastification state after cutting, thus when guaranteeing to carry fast, can effectively prevent that again granular material is bonded together, and pelletizing operation can not lost efficacy.

Claims (10)

1. film squeezing dewaterer, comprise: be arranged on the machine barrel on support, in machine barrel periphery, be provided with the case that machine barrel is covered, described machine barrel is comprised of feed stage machine barrel, compression section machine barrel and fluxing zone machine barrel, on feed stage machine barrel cylindrical shell, is provided with the feed hopper being connected with machine barrel; Screw rod is interted and is arranged in machine barrel by bearing, stretches on the screw rod in feed stage machine barrel and is provided with the first thread segment, and the screw rod that is arranged in compression section machine barrel is polished rod, stretches into and on the screw rod in fluxing zone machine barrel, is provided with the second thread segment; The first drive unit that has drive screw turns in feed stage machine barrel arranged outside; Material discharging mould with some extrusion cavities is sealed on fluxing zone machine barrel tube port position, in material discharging mould arranged outside, there is the pelleter that the fusion plastification shape material of extruding from extrusion cavities is cut into granular material, pelleter is driven by the second drive unit, it is characterized in that: the osculum that is provided with some conical by its shape on the barrel of feed stage machine barrel and compression section machine barrel; Described the first thread segment and the second thread segment are double thread, and the pitch of the first thread segment is greater than the pitch of the second thread segment; Nozzle outside at fluxing zone machine barrel is also provided with the backgauge case for temporary granular material, is also provided with wind power transmission device temporary granular material is cooling and output on backgauge case.
2. according to film squeezing dewaterer claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of the first described drive unit is: be arranged on the motor on support, the output of motor is connected with reductor by belt transmission, and the output of reductor is connected with screw rod.
3. according to film squeezing dewaterer claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of the second described drive unit is: the pelletizing motor that is arranged on backgauge case lateral wall; The structure of described pelleter is: the knife rest being connected with the output shaft of pelletizing motor; on knife rest, be provided with some cutting knifes; the cutting edge of each cutting knife abuts on the outer panel face of material discharging mould, thereby the cutting edge of each cutting knife can paste outer panel face under the driving of pelletizing motor, rotation completes cutting operation.
4. according to film squeezing dewaterer claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described wind power transmission device comprises the blower fan being arranged on support, the air outlet of blower fan is connected with the air inlet of backgauge case, and the air outlet of backgauge case is connected with feed bin by air channel.
5. according to the film squeezing dewaterer described in claim 1,2,3 or 4, it is characterized in that: the pitch of the first thread segment is 1.5:1~3:1 with the ratio of the pitch of the second thread segment.
6. according to the film squeezing dewaterer described in claim 1,2,3 or 4, it is characterized in that: on machine barrel cylindrical shell madial wall, be evenly arranged some gib blocks that arrange vertically.
7. according to the film squeezing dewaterer described in claim 1,2,3 or 4, it is characterized in that: near being provided with diameter on the polished rod of the second thread segment, to the second thread segment, becoming large conical section gradually, making the diameter of the second thread segment screw rod body be greater than the diameter of the first thread segment screw rod body.
8. according to film squeezing dewaterer claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: the first thread segment screw rod body with the diameter ratio of the second thread segment screw rod body is: 1:1.1~1:1.5.
9. according to the film squeezing dewaterer described in claim 1,2,3 or 4, it is characterized in that: on fluxing zone machine barrel, be also provided with heater.
10. according to the film squeezing dewaterer described in claim 1,2,3 or 4, it is characterized in that: below case, be provided with rhone.
CN201420409506.3U 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 Film squeezing dewaterer Expired - Fee Related CN203994314U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420409506.3U CN203994314U (en) 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 Film squeezing dewaterer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104191540A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 张家港市贝斯佳机械有限公司 Film squeeze dehydrator
CN104924649A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 江苏方圣机械有限公司 Squeezing-drying machine
CN105252798A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-20 张家港白熊科美机械有限公司 Thin film squeeze drying machine
CN111137930A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-12 刘振华 PVA wastewater treatment and recovery system and treatment and recovery process thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104191540A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 张家港市贝斯佳机械有限公司 Film squeeze dehydrator
CN104924649A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 江苏方圣机械有限公司 Squeezing-drying machine
CN105252798A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-20 张家港白熊科美机械有限公司 Thin film squeeze drying machine
CN111137930A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-12 刘振华 PVA wastewater treatment and recovery system and treatment and recovery process thereof
CN111137930B (en) * 2020-01-16 2022-10-11 刘振华 PVA wastewater treatment and recovery system and treatment and recovery process thereof

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141210

Termination date: 20160724

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee