CN204835716U - Modular energy storage system - Google Patents

Modular energy storage system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204835716U
CN204835716U CN201520428130.5U CN201520428130U CN204835716U CN 204835716 U CN204835716 U CN 204835716U CN 201520428130 U CN201520428130 U CN 201520428130U CN 204835716 U CN204835716 U CN 204835716U
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storage
storage module
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way
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不公告发明人
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Beijing Qingneng Shifu Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Qingneng Shifu Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/16Mechanical energy storage, e.g. flywheels or pressurised fluids

Abstract

The utility model discloses a modular energy storage system constitutes by >= 1 energy storage bunch is parallelly connected, and by some energy storage of 1 monitored control system administrative institute bunch, 1 energy storage bunch comprises >= 1 energy storage serial module, and all energy storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch are managed to 1 energy storage bunch controller, the energy storage module comprises energy storage device, energy storage administrative unit, two -way DCDC converter, switch, 1 it connects respectively in 2 ends of two -way DCDC converter to contain 2 kinds of energy storage device, 2 kind energy storage device in the individual energy storage module, 1 energy storage module in the individual energy storage bunch is unanimous, and when containing the energy storage module more than 2 kinds in energy storage system, >= 1 energy storage bunch back is formed to same kind of energy storage module, and the energy storage formed with other energy storage modules again is bunch parallelly connected, energy storage system has 3 grades of equilibriums, requires lowly to energy storage device's uniformity, and tandem energy through the energy storage module constitutes high -pressure energy storage bunch, through the parallelly connected energy storage system that can constitute the large capacity of energy storage bunch.

Description

A kind of modular energy-storage system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of modular energy-storage system, specifically, and particularly a kind of modular high-voltage large-capacity power supply used for electric vehicle and one modular electrical network high-voltage large-capacity energy-storage system.
Background technology
At present, due to the needs of environmental protection and energy security, electric automobile and the generation of electricity by new energy such as photovoltaic generation, wind power generation worldwide come into one's own and encourage.
For providing the power brick of power to be high-voltage large-capacity DC power supply to electric automobile, require high to battery with two side terminals, battery management system is also more complicated and price is higher, limits the popularization of electric automobile.
Energy storage can be smoothly random, unstable photovoltaic generation, wind power generation, be conducive to large-scale development new forms of energy, and energy storage is added in electrical network, the effect of peak load shifting and peak-frequency regulation can be realized, grid stability and the investment slowing down electrical network can be improved, it is the important directions of intelligent grid, in addition, away from continent island or there is no the outlying district of bulk power grid, build photovoltaic, wind power generation from net power station, more need energy storage to store photovoltaic generation, wind power generation, and provide electric energy when needs are powered.
The power brick being used for electric automobile for the usual voltage of extensive battery energy storage system of electrical network and Capacity Ratio is larger, and need more monomer battery core series, parallel, require higher to battery consistency, battery management system is more complicated; The battery energy storage system of current a part of energy storage project is directly composed in parallel by multiple battery bunch, there is charging, unbalanced problem of discharging between battery bunch, reduce useful life and the service efficiency of battery, to battery management and equilibrium, also there is higher requirement, limit the promotion and application of battery energy storage system at electrical network.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model provides a kind of modular energy-storage system scheme and embodiment, energy-storage system is composed in parallel by >=1 energy storage bunch, all energy storage bunch are managed by 1 supervisory control system, 1 energy storage bunch is composed in series by >=1 energy-storage module, 1 energy storage cluster controller manages all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch, energy-storage module in 1 energy storage bunch is consistent, when comprising energy-storage module of more than two kinds in energy-storage system, after >=1 energy storage bunch of same energy-storage module composition, then bunch in parallel with energy storage that other energy-storage module forms; Described energy-storage system has 3 grades of equalization function, low to the coherence request of energy-storage travelling wave tube, the useful life of energy-storage travelling wave tube can be improved, be convenient to assembling, expansion, safeguard, high-voltage energy storage bunch is formed by the tandem energy of energy-storage module, can jumbo energy-storage system be formed by the parallel connection of energy storage bunch, at the energy-storage system of high-voltage large-capacity power supply used for electric vehicle and electrical network high-voltage large-capacity, there is good prospect.
Energy-storage module is made up of energy-storage travelling wave tube, energy storage administrative unit, two-way DC/DC current transformer, switch.
Comprise 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes in 1 energy-storage module, 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes are connected to 2 ends of two-way DC/DC current transformer respectively, and 1 energy-storage module comprises at most 1 energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube and at least comprises 1 power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube; Energy energy-storage travelling wave tube comprises lead-acid battery, lithium ion battery, flow battery, sodium galvanic battery, zinc-bromine bettery, and power energy-storage travelling wave tube comprises super capacitor, electrochemical capacitor, thin-film capacitor, and wherein electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor are called conventional capacitive.
When the energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube of energy-storage module is battery pack, battery management unit comprehensively manages battery pack, have and detect the voltage of battery core and temperature, battery voltage, charging and discharging currents, insulation resistance estimating battery group SOC(state-of-charge), battery pack SOH(health status) function, and to have and the communication interface of supervisory control system and two-way DC/DC current transformer and communication function.
Two-way DC/DC current transformer 2 end has voltage difference, the voltage of low-pressure end is all the time lower than high-pressure side voltage, the many energy-storage travelling wave tube of energy storage is positioned at low-pressure end, when energy-storage module contains energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube, energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube is positioned at the low-pressure end of two-way DC/DC current transformer, power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube is positioned at the high-pressure side of two-way DC/DC current transformer, when energy-storage module is not containing energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube, the many power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube of energy storage is positioned at the low-pressure end of two-way DC/DC current transformer, and the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube that energy storage is few is positioned at the high-pressure side of two-way DC/DC current transformer; Two-way DC/DC current transformer automatically controls energy and exchanges between 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes, its topological structure comprises Boost-Buck structure, when the energy-storage travelling wave tube electric discharge of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end, two-way DC/DC current transformer booste operation, when the energy-storage travelling wave tube charging of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end, two-way DC/DC current transformer brownout operation; In general, the energy storage of energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube specific power type energy-storage travelling wave tube is many but power characteristic is weak by comparison, the energy storage of power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube specific energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube is few but power characteristic is strong by comparison, therefore, stored energy capacitance is few but power characteristic is strong energy-storage travelling wave tube is positioned at high-pressure side, and make energy-storage system have power characteristic, the energy-storage travelling wave tube that stored energy capacitance is many is positioned at low-pressure end, make energy-storage system have energy response, 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes form the performance that complementation improves energy-storage system.
The positive pole of energy-storage module is connected by 1 switch with negative pole; In 1 energy storage bunch, the high-pressure side positive pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer is connected with the positive pole of the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at this high-pressure side, and be connected with energy-storage module positive pole by 1 switch, the high-pressure side negative pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer is connected with the negative pole of the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at this high-pressure side; When energy-storage module normally runs, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of closed two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, disconnects the switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole; When energy-storage module and energy storage bunch needs are isolated, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls to disconnect the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, closed switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole; When energy-storage module accesses energy storage bunch again, two-way DC/DC current transformer control closed two-way DC/DC current transformer high-pressure side positive pole and energy-storage module positive pole between switch, disconnect the switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole.
When energy-storage module normally runs, its output is the voltage source with simulation internal resistance, and have 2 control variables, 1 is open circuit voltage U o, one is simulation internal resistance R, when the output current of energy-storage module is I outtime (energy-storage module electric discharge for just, is charged as negative), the output voltage of energy-storage module is U, and following formula is set up: U=U o-I out* R.
Two-way DC/DC current transformer has the output current, the output voltage of both-end DC/DC current transformer 2 end energy-storage travelling wave tube and the output current function of two-way DC/DC current transformer high-pressure side that detect energy-storage module, adopt the control mode of outer voltage, current inner loop, automatically control energy and exchange between 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes.
Give tacit consent to 2 control variables U of each energy-storage module in 1 energy storage bunch o, R is identical, these 2 control variables are arranged by two-way DC/DC current transformer and the change of energy storage cluster controller, when 1 energy storage bunch runs, the output current I of energy storage bunch outbe exactly the output current of each energy-storage module in energy storage bunch, the power output of each energy-storage module is exactly U*I out, therefore, by changing U o, R just can change output voltage U and the energy-storage module power output U*I of energy-storage module out, indirectly change the charge power and the discharge power that are positioned at the energy-storage travelling wave tube of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end.
The open circuit voltage of 1 energy storage bunch equals the open circuit voltage sum of all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch, the output voltage of 1 energy storage bunch equals the output voltage sum of all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch, and the simulation internal resistance of 1 energy storage bunch equals the simulation internal resistance sum of all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch.
Energy storage cocooning tool has 2 kinds of control models, 1st kind is voltage source, in the power regulating range of energy storage bunch, the voltage of stable DC bus is in DC bus-bar voltage set point, DC bus-bar voltage set point is provided by supervisory control system or energy storage cluster controller, and energy storage cluster controller is by communicating with each two-way DC/DC current transformer of its management and changing the open circuit voltage U arranging each energy-storage module othe real-time control to energy storage bunch output voltage and DC bus-bar voltage is realized with simulation internal resistance R; 2nd kind is current source, and charge power or the discharge power of energy storage bunch are provided by supervisory control system or energy storage cluster controller, and energy storage cluster controller is by communicating with each two-way DC/DC current transformer of its management and changing the open circuit voltage U arranging each energy-storage module othe real-time control to energy storage bunch power is realized with simulation internal resistance R.
Energy-storage system has 3 grades of equilibriums, 1st grade is the equilibrium between the monomer of energy-storage travelling wave tube in energy-storage module, by the balanced energy-storage travelling wave tube of energy storage administrative unit monomer between voltage difference, 2nd grade is balanced between the energy-storage module in an energy storage bunch, by the balanced same energy storage of energy storage cluster controller or supervisory control system bunch two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end energy-storage travelling wave tube between voltage difference, 3rd level is the equilibrium between energy storage bunch, by the balanced different energy storage of supervisory control system bunch two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end energy-storage travelling wave tube between voltage difference.
Arranged by energy storage cluster controller or supervisory control system, as follows at the balance policy of the energy-storage module of same energy storage bunch: energy storage cluster controller by the output voltage of the energy-storage travelling wave tube obtaining two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end that communicates with each two-way DC/DC current transformer of its management or SOC, then the open circuit voltage U of each energy-storage module of this energy storage bunch othe open circuit voltage U that=(output voltage of energy-storage travelling wave tube of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the output voltage of the energy-storage travelling wave tube of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of this module or this energy storage of SOC/ bunch or the mean value of SOC) this module of * is original o; Another kind of balance policy is the open circuit voltage U that the stored energy capacitance of the energy-storage travelling wave tube of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end according to each energy-storage module arranges energy-storage module o, the open circuit voltage U of computing formula each energy-storage module of energy storage bunch for this reason othe open circuit voltage U that=(the average stored energy capacitance of the energy-storage travelling wave tube of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of stored energy capacitance/this energy storage of the energy-storage travelling wave tube of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of this module bunch) this module of * is original o.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present application, below the accompanying drawing used required in describing embodiment is briefly described, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of modularization energy-storage system structure chart that the utility model proposes.
The electrical schematic diagram of Fig. 2 energy-storage module disclosed in the utility model embodiment.
The control principle drawing of Fig. 3,4 energy-storage module disclosed in the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 5 a kind of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end disclosed in the utility model embodiment is battery pack, and high-pressure side is the modularization energy-storage system schematic diagram of conventional capacitive (containing electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor).
Fig. 6 a kind of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end disclosed in the utility model embodiment is super capacitor, and high-pressure side is the modularization energy-storage system schematic diagram of conventional capacitive (containing electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor).
Fig. 7 a kind of energy-storage travelling wave tube disclosed in the utility model embodiment is the modularization energy-storage system schematic diagram of super capacitor and battery.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, carry out clear, complete description to the utility model, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, instead of whole embodiments; Based on embodiment of the present utility model, those skilled in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
See Fig. 1, the utility model discloses a kind of modular energy-storage system, energy-storage system is composed in parallel by >=1 energy storage bunch, all energy storage bunch are managed by 1 supervisory control system, 1 energy storage bunch is composed in series by >=1 energy-storage module, 1 energy storage cluster controller manages 1 energy storage bunch all energy-storage modules, 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes are comprised in 1 energy-storage module, 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes are connected to 2 ends of two-way DC/DC current transformer respectively, energy-storage module in 1 energy storage bunch is consistent, when comprising energy-storage module of more than two kinds in energy-storage system, after >=1 energy storage bunch of same energy-storage module composition, bunch in parallel with energy storage that other energy-storage module forms again, described energy-storage system has 3 grades of equalization function, low to energy-storage travelling wave tube coherence request, the useful life of energy-storage travelling wave tube can be improved, be convenient to assembling, expansion, safeguard, high-voltage energy storage bunch is formed by the tandem energy of energy-storage module, can jumbo energy-storage system be formed by the parallel connection of energy storage bunch, at power supply used for electric vehicle and the jumbo energy-storage system of electrical network, there is good prospect.
See Fig. 2, the electrical schematic diagram of energy-storage module disclosed in the utility model embodiment.
Energy-storage module is made up of energy-storage travelling wave tube, energy storage administrative unit, two-way DC/DC current transformer, switch.
Comprise 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes in 1 energy-storage module, 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes are connected to 2 ends of two-way DC/DC current transformer respectively, and 1 energy-storage module comprises at most 1 energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube and at least comprises 1 power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube; Energy energy-storage travelling wave tube comprises lead-acid battery, lithium ion battery, flow battery, sodium galvanic battery, zinc-bromine bettery, and power energy-storage travelling wave tube comprises super capacitor, electrochemical capacitor, thin-film capacitor.
Two-way DC/DC current transformer 2 end has voltage difference, the voltage of low-pressure end is all the time lower than high-pressure side voltage, its topological structure comprises Boost-Buck structure, when low-pressure end energy-storage travelling wave tube discharges, two-way DC/DC current transformer booste operation, when low-pressure end energy-storage travelling wave tube charges, two-way DC/DC current transformer brownout operation.
In order to realize the function of the stable of energy-storage module output voltage and simulation internal resistance, two-way DC/DC current transformer has the output current, the output voltage of both-end DC/DC current transformer 2 end energy-storage travelling wave tube and the output current function of two-way DC/DC current transformer high-pressure side that detect energy-storage module, automatically can control energy and exchange between 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes.
The positive pole of energy-storage module is connected by 1 switch with negative pole; In 1 energy storage bunch, the high-pressure side positive pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer is connected with the positive pole of the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at this high-pressure side, and be connected with energy-storage module positive pole by 1 switch, the high-pressure side negative pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer is connected with the negative pole of the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at this high-pressure side; When energy-storage module normally runs, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of closed two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, disconnects the switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole; When energy-storage module and energy storage bunch needs are isolated, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls to disconnect the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, closed switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole; When energy-storage module accesses energy storage bunch again, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of closed two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, disconnects the switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole.
See Fig. 3, Fig. 4, the control principle drawing of energy-storage module disclosed in the utility model embodiment.
When energy-storage module normally runs, its output is the voltage source with simulation internal resistance, and have 2 control variables, 1 is open circuit voltage U o, 1 is simulation internal resistance R, when the output current of energy-storage module is I outtime (energy-storage module electric discharge for just, is charged as negative), the output voltage of energy-storage module is U, and following formula is set up: U=U o-I out* R.
Two-way DC/DC current transformer adopts the control mode of outer voltage, current inner loop, has 2 kinds of control algolithms: the first, detect the output current I of energy-storage module in real time outwith output voltage U, by computing formula U ref=U o-I out* R draws the reference output voltage U of energy-storage module ref, the reference output voltage U of energy-storage module refthe input as voltage controller is compared with the output voltage U detected in real time; The output of voltage controller is reference current I refdeduct the input of difference comparsion as current controller of the output current of energy-storage module with the output current of two-way DC/DC current transformer, current controller controls the duty ratio of two-way DC/DC current transformer to realize the output reference voltage U of the output voltage U real-time tracking energy-storage module of energy-storage module ref; The second, detects the output current I of energy-storage module in real time outwith output voltage U, by computing formula U ref=U o-I out* R draws the reference output voltage U of energy-storage module ref, the reference output voltage U of energy-storage module refthe input as voltage controller is compared with output voltage U; The output of voltage controller is reference current I ref, compare the input as current controller with the output current of two-way DC/DC current transformer, current controller controls the duty ratio of two-way DC/DC current transformer to realize the output reference voltage U of the output voltage U real-time tracking energy-storage module of energy-storage module ref.
Give tacit consent to 2 control variables U of each energy-storage module in an energy storage bunch o, R is identical, these 2 control variables are arranged by two-way DC/DC current transformer and the change of energy storage cluster controller, to realize the equilibrium in an energy storage bunch between energy-storage module, when an energy storage bunch runs, the output current I of energy storage bunch outbe exactly the output current of each energy-storage module in energy storage bunch, the power output of each energy-storage module is exactly U*I out, therefore, by changing U o, R just can change output voltage U and the energy-storage module power output U*I of energy-storage module out, indirectly change the charge power and the discharge power that are positioned at the energy-storage travelling wave tube of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end.
U othere are 3 kinds of control models: the first is U oinvariable, changed by two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy storage cluster controller and arrange, have nothing to do with the output voltage of the energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end, the second is U osOC according to energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube changes automatically, and formula is U o=U n+ k*U n* (SOC-0.5), k is control system, is defaulted as 20%, U nthe open circuit voltage of energy-storage module during SOC=50% for energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube; The third is U o=K*U low, K is the step-up ratio of two-way DC/DC current transformer, U lowfor the output voltage of energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube.
See Fig. 5, disclosed in utility model example, a kind of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end is battery pack, and high-pressure side is the modularization energy-storage system schematic diagram of conventional capacitive (containing electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor); Battery management unit comprehensively manages battery pack, have and detect the voltage of battery core and temperature, battery voltage, charging and discharging currents, insulation resistance estimating battery group SOC(state-of-charge), battery pack SOH(health status) function, and to have and the communication interface of supervisory control system and two-way DC/DC current transformer and communication function.
Described energy-storage system has 3 grades of equalization function, require low to battery consistency, the useful life of battery can be improved, be convenient to assembling, expansion, safeguard, form high-tension battery energy storage bunch by the tandem energy of energy-storage module, can jumbo battery energy storage system be formed by the parallel connection of energy storage bunch.
1st grade is the equilibrium in energy-storage module between battery cell, by the voltage difference between battery management unit balancing battery monomer; 2nd grade is balanced between the energy-storage module in an energy storage bunch, by the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the balanced same energy storage of energy storage cluster controller or supervisory control system bunch battery pack between voltage difference, 3rd level is the equilibrium between energy storage bunch, by the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the balanced different energy storage of supervisory control system bunch battery pack between voltage difference.
Arranged by energy storage cluster controller or supervisory control system, balance policy is as follows: energy storage cluster controller by the output voltage of the battery pack obtaining two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end that communicates with each two-way DC/DC current transformer of its management or SOC, the open circuit voltage U of each energy-storage module of energy storage bunch othe open circuit voltage U that=(output voltage of battery pack of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the output voltage of the battery pack of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of this module or SOC/ energy storage bunch or the mean value of SOC) this module of * is original o; Another kind of balance policy is the open circuit voltage that the stored energy capacitance of the battery pack of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end according to each energy-storage module arranges energy-storage module, and formula is the open circuit voltage U of each energy-storage module of energy storage bunch othe open circuit voltage U that=(the average stored energy capacitance of the battery pack of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the stored energy capacitance/energy storage of the battery pack of the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of this module bunch) this module of * is original o.
The open circuit voltage of 1 energy storage bunch equals the open circuit voltage sum of all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch, the output voltage of 1 energy storage bunch equals the output voltage sum of all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch, and the simulation internal resistance of 1 energy storage bunch equals the simulation internal resistance sum of all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch.
Energy storage cocooning tool has 2 kinds of control models, 1st kind is voltage source, in the power regulating range of energy storage bunch, the voltage of stable DC bus is in DC bus-bar voltage set point, DC bus-bar voltage set point is provided by supervisory control system or energy storage cluster controller, and energy storage cluster controller is by communicating with each two-way DC/DC current transformer of its management and changing the open circuit voltage U arranging each energy-storage module othe real-time control to energy storage bunch output voltage and DC bus-bar voltage is realized with simulation internal resistance R; 2nd kind is current source, and charge power or the discharge power of energy storage bunch are provided by supervisory control system or energy storage cluster controller, and energy storage cluster controller is by communicating with each two-way DC/DC current transformer of its management and changing the open circuit voltage U arranging each energy-storage module othe real-time control to energy storage bunch power is realized with simulation internal resistance R.
See Fig. 6, disclosed in the utility model embodiment, a kind of two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of energy-storage module is super capacitor, and high-pressure side is the modularization energy-storage system schematic diagram of conventional capacitive (containing electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor); Because super capacitor is power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube, so energy-storage system has power-type energy-storage system characteristic, this modularization energy-storage system has 3 grades of equalization function, low to the coherence request of super capacitor, the useful life of super capacitor can be improved, be convenient to assembling, expansion, safeguard, form high-voltage energy storage bunch by the tandem energy of energy-storage module, can high-power energy-storage system be formed by the parallel connection of energy storage bunch.
See Fig. 7, the modularization energy-storage system schematic diagram of a kind of super capacitor and battery pack compound disclosed in the utility model embodiment, the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the energy-storage module of part energy storage bunch is battery pack, high-pressure side is conventional capacitive (containing electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor), the two-way DC/DC current transformer low-pressure end of the energy-storage module of part energy storage bunch is super capacitor, and high-pressure side is conventional capacitive (containing electrochemical capacitor and thin-film capacitor); Energy-storage system is integrated with power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube and energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube, energy-storage system is made to have power characteristic and energy response, the life-span of energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube battery pack can be improved, and play the characteristic of power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube in momentary high power charging, electric discharge.

Claims (4)

1. a modular energy-storage system, is characterized in that, comprising:
Energy-storage system is composed in parallel by >=1 energy storage bunch, all energy storage bunch are managed by 1 supervisory control system, 1 energy storage bunch is composed in series by >=1 energy-storage module, and namely the positive pole of 1 energy-storage module connects the negative pole of lower 1 energy-storage module, and negative pole connects the positive pole of an energy-storage module;
1 energy storage cluster controller manages all energy-storage modules of 1 energy storage bunch, energy-storage module in 1 energy storage bunch is consistent, when comprising energy-storage module of more than two kinds in energy-storage system, after same energy-storage module composition >=1 energy storage bunch, then bunch in parallel with energy storage that other energy-storage module forms.
2. the modular energy-storage system of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Energy-storage module is made up of energy-storage travelling wave tube, energy storage administrative unit, two-way DC/DC current transformer, switch; 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes are comprised in 1 energy-storage module, 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes are connected to 2 ends of two-way DC/DC current transformer respectively, energy-storage travelling wave tube comprises energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube and power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube, and 1 energy-storage module comprises 1 energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube at the most and at least comprises 1 power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube.
3. the modular energy-storage system of one according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Two-way DC/DC current transformer 2 end has voltage difference, and the voltage of low-pressure end is all the time lower than high-pressure side voltage; The many energy-storage travelling wave tube of energy storage is positioned at low-pressure end, when energy-storage module contains energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube, energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube is positioned at the low-pressure end of two-way DC/DC current transformer, power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube is positioned at the high-pressure side of two-way DC/DC current transformer, when energy-storage module is not containing energy type energy-storage travelling wave tube, the many power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube of energy storage is positioned at the low-pressure end of two-way DC/DC current transformer, and the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube that energy storage is few is positioned at the high-pressure side of two-way DC/DC current transformer; Two-way DC/DC current transformer automatically controls energy and exchanges between 2 kinds of energy-storage travelling wave tubes.
4. the modular energy-storage system of one according to claim 3, is characterized in that:
The positive pole of energy-storage module is connected by 1 switch with negative pole; In 1 energy storage bunch, the high-pressure side positive pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer is connected with the positive pole of the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at this high-pressure side, and be connected with energy-storage module positive pole by 1 switch, the high-pressure side negative pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer is connected with the negative pole of the power-type energy-storage travelling wave tube being positioned at this high-pressure side;
When energy-storage module normally runs, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of closed two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, disconnects the switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole;
When energy-storage module and energy storage bunch needs are isolated, two-way DC/DC current transformer controls to disconnect the switch between the high-pressure side positive pole of two-way DC/DC current transformer and energy-storage module positive pole, closed switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole; When energy-storage module accesses energy storage bunch again, two-way DC/DC current transformer control closed two-way DC/DC current transformer high-pressure side positive pole and energy-storage module positive pole between switch, disconnect the switch between energy-storage module positive pole and energy-storage module negative pole.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106253677A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-12-21 广东华中科技大学工业技术研究院 A kind of non-current-sharing parallel connection direct converting means and multiobjective optimization control method
CN109274086A (en) * 2018-10-03 2019-01-25 深圳库博能源科技有限公司 A kind of automatic simultaneously off-network control method of energy-storage battery cluster based on DC bus differential pressure security

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106253677A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-12-21 广东华中科技大学工业技术研究院 A kind of non-current-sharing parallel connection direct converting means and multiobjective optimization control method
CN106253677B (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-11-09 广东华中科技大学工业技术研究院 A kind of non-stream parallel connection direct converting means and multiobjective optimization control method
CN109274086A (en) * 2018-10-03 2019-01-25 深圳库博能源科技有限公司 A kind of automatic simultaneously off-network control method of energy-storage battery cluster based on DC bus differential pressure security
CN109274086B (en) * 2018-10-03 2021-07-27 深圳库博能源科技有限公司 Automatic grid-connection and grid-disconnection control method for energy storage battery cluster based on direct-current bus differential pressure protection

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