Clamping and positioning device
The utility model relates to frock technical field, specifically, relates to a kind of clamping and positioning device.
Mounting bracket is connected with between diesel engine and generator, mounting bracket is drilled with installing hole to facilitate installation, and in the process of mounting bracket, when needing to carry out installing hole boring to mounting bracket, after needing mounting bracket to fix to clamp, just drilling operation can be carried out.Such as, as Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 jointly shown in, a kind of existing mounting bracket 1 for connecting diesel engine and generator, this support 1 comprises two two cylindrical shape parts be fixed together, be the first cylindrical portion 11 and the second cylindrical portion 12, the outer peripheral face of the first cylindrical portion 11 is fixed with installing plate 13, before using support 1, need to process three installing holes 14 on installing plate 13, need to use frock during processing mounting holes 14 by installing plate 13 horizontal positioned and locate clamping.At present, in the process of holing to mounting bracket 1, the fixing main of support 1 leans on hand-operated clamping, and hand-operated clamping efficiency is low, and clamping force can not ensure, can not meet the demand of producing fast.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: provide a kind of clamping and positioning device, and this clamping and positioning device clamping and positioning is convenient, and operating efficiency is high.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is: clamping and positioning device, comprising: base plate, and described base plate is provided with at least a set of positioner;
Described positioner comprises horizontal positioning device and side positioner; Described horizontal positioning device comprises the cylinder-shaped pad cylinder be located on described base plate; Described side positioner comprises locating piece and drives the side positioning drive mechanisms of described locating piece movement;
Described base plate is provided with some hydraulic cylinders, and the outer end of the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is fixed with the pressing plate for workpiece pressing.
Preferably, described pad cylinder is coordinated by seam with described base plate.
Preferably, described pad cylinder is provided with cushion cover.
Preferably, coordinated by seam between described cushion cover with described pad cylinder.
Preferably, the upper surface of described cushion cover is provided with escape groove.
Preferably, be provided with shared hydraulic cylinder between two adjacent positioners, the outer end of the piston rod of described shared hydraulic cylinder is fixed with bilateral pressing plate, and the pad cylinder setting of two corresponding adjacent positioners is distinguished in the end, two ends of described bilateral pressing plate.
Preferably, described side positioning drive mechanisms comprises the collateral fagging be fixed on described base plate, described collateral fagging is provided with locating slot, slide in described locating slot and be provided with locating dowel, the front end of described locating dowel is fixedly connected with described locating piece, is provided with spring between described locating dowel and described locating slot; The rear end of described locating dowel is fixed with handle, and described handle runs through described collateral fagging, extends to the outside of described collateral fagging.
Preferably, described locating piece is V-arrangement locating piece or U-shaped locating piece.
Preferably, described locating dowel is slided and is constrained in guide pin bushing, and described guide pin bushing is fixed in described locating slot.
Preferably, described locating dowel offers the chute extended along its axis direction, on described guide pin bushing, corresponding described chute place has been threaded bolt, and the front end of described bolt is positioned at described chute, and the point diameter of described bolt is consistent with the width of described chute.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Clamping and positioning device of the present utility model in use, pull handle, locating piece moves to the outside of base plate, locating dowel Compress Spring, by stentplacement on pad cylinder, make the installing plate horizontal positioned of support, unclamp locating piece, spring ejects locating dowel toward the inner side of base plate, locating piece leans on the outer wall in the second cylinder district of support by locating dowel, to prevent holder pivots, the position of support is located, operation gripping means grips support, gets final product the installing hole of machining support; The clamping of the utility model location is convenient, swift to operate, compared with prior art, greatly can improve the operating efficiency of support location clamping.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment clamping and positioning device;
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the cushion cover in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of support;
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional schematic of A-A in Fig. 4;
In figure: 1-support; 2-base plate; 4-cushion cover; 5-pad cylinder; The collateral fagging of 6-; 7-guide pin bushing; 8-locating dowel; 9-V shape locating piece; 10-reversal valve; 11-first cylindrical portion; 12-second cylindrical portion; 13-installing plate; 14-installing hole; 15-handle; 16-suspension ring; 17-bolt; 18-spring; 31-first hydraulic cylinder; The monolateral pressing plate of 311-; 32-second hydraulic cylinder; The bilateral pressing plate of 321-; 41-escape groove; 61-locating slot; 81-chute.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of clamping and positioning device, comprising: base plate 2, is arranged with the positioner that two covers are set up in parallel on a base plate 2.
Positioner comprises the side positioner for the horizontal positioning device of horizontal location installing plate 13 and the second cylindrical portion 12 sidewall of locating support 1, horizontal positioning device comprises the pad cylinder 5 be fixedly connected with base plate 2, by seam location fit between pad cylinder 5 and base plate 2, the top of pad cylinder 5 is fixed with cushion cover 4, by seam location fit between cushion cover 4 and pad cylinder 5, the side of support 1 extends into the inside of pad cylinder 5, and now, a side surface of installing plate 13 is stuck in the outer surface place of cushion cover 4; Side positioner comprises the collateral fagging 6 be fixedly connected with base plate 2, the side of collateral fagging 6 is provided with locating slot 61, locating slot 61 internal fixtion is connected with guide pin bushing 7, locating dowel 8 is slidably connected in guide pin bushing 7, the front end of locating dowel 8 is fixed with V-arrangement locating piece 9, V-arrangement locating piece 9 is for the outer peripheral face of the second cylindrical portion 12 of locating support 1, spring 18 is provided with between the rear end of locating dowel 8 and locating slot 61, the rear end of locating dowel 8 is also fixed with handle 15, handle 15 runs through collateral fagging 6, extends to the outside of collateral fagging 6.
The surrounding of each support 1 is provided with three hydraulic cylinders, be respectively two the first hydraulic cylinders 31 be positioned at outside base plate 2 and the second hydraulic cylinder 32 be positioned in the middle part of base plate 2, the top of the piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder 31 is provided with monolateral pressing plate 311, the top of the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 32 be provided with bilateral pressing plate 321, for saving cost, second hydraulic cylinder 32 compresses the support 1 being positioned at its both sides simultaneously, be provided with the reversal valve 10 of hydraulic control cylinder on a base plate 2, reversal valve 10 can control the flexible of all hydraulic cylinder simultaneously.
During use, first pull out handle 15, urge V-arrangement locating piece 9 and move toward the outside of base plate 2, support 1 is placed on horizontal positioning device, the lower surface of the installing plate 13 of support 1 is fitted on cushion cover 4, makes installing plate 13 horizontal positioned, unclamps handle 15, V-arrangement locating piece 9 tightly leans on the sidewall of the second cylindrical portion 12 of support 1, support 1 can not be rotated, and location fixes the position of support 1, and reversing valve operated 10, hydraulic cylinder compresses support 1, can to support 1 processing mounting holes 14; After installing hole 14 processes, reversing valve operated 10, hydraulic cylinder sets back, and takes out support 1, completes the process of installing hole 14.
As shown in Figure 3, be provided with the escape groove 41 corresponding with installing hole 14 position on installing plate 13 at the upper surface of cushion cover 4, during to prevent processing mounting holes 14, destroy the upper surface of cushion cover 4.
Locating dowel 8 offers the chute 81 that the axis direction along locating dowel 8 extends, guide pin bushing 7 is threaded the position bolt 17 corresponding with chute 81, the front end of bolt 17 is positioned at chute 81, the point diameter of bolt 17 is consistent with the width of chute 81, rotate to prevent locating dowel 8, and then prevent V-arrangement locating piece 9 from rotating, avoid V-arrangement locating piece 9 to cause the location of support 1 inaccurate because of rotation.
Also be provided with three suspension ring 16 on a base plate 2, to facilitate picking and placeing of base plate 2.
In sum, clamping and positioning device accurate positioning of the present utility model, easy to operate, operating efficiency is high, and solve current manual Set and Positioning support complex operation, expend time in long problem.