CN203622022U - Clamping and positioning device - Google Patents

Clamping and positioning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203622022U
CN203622022U CN201320674927.4U CN201320674927U CN203622022U CN 203622022 U CN203622022 U CN 203622022U CN 201320674927 U CN201320674927 U CN 201320674927U CN 203622022 U CN203622022 U CN 203622022U
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
positioning
pedestal
working
pressure arm
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201320674927.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
智伟宁
姜超
李小生
马金辉
马洋洋
桂松
崔玉梅
董帅
呼文达
刘杰
王喜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Boxin Automotive Parts Co Ltd
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Tianjin Boxin Automotive Parts Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320674927.4U priority Critical patent/CN203622022U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a clamping and positioning device which comprises a base used for holding a workpiece, two pressing arms and a driving part, wherein the two pressing arms are used for clamping the workpiece and move relatively, and the driving part is used for driving the pressing arms to move. The pressing arms are connected with the base in a sliding fit mode, and the driving part is installed on the base. An equal-arm connecting rod mechanism is adopted in the device, the workpiece is installed on one side of the clamping and positioning device, a clamping mechanism is simplified, a sheet metal part which is complicated in shape can be firmly clamped and positioned, the occupied space is reduced, the workpiece processing range is enlarged, convenience is brought to operation for a worker, and the clamping and positioning device has the advantages of being simple and compact in structure, rapid to operate and low in processing cost.

Description

A kind of clamping and positioning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of clamping and positioning device, belongs to sheet metal component processing technique field.
Background technology
Along with modern forming technique development, the shape of sheet metal component is increasingly sophisticated, traditional clamping and positioning device, and as shown in Figure 1, clamping and positioning cylinder drives the upper and lower motion of alignment pin, clamping and release workpiece.Telescopic cylinder drives the left and right motion of clamping and positioning cylinder, abdicates workpiece superjacent air space, and workpiece is taken out.The complicated volume of this apparatus structure is larger, and uses two cylinders, and processing system is high with cost.In the face of complex-shaped sheet metal component is difficult for realizing clamping and positioning.
In a word, prior art shortcoming is as follows:
1. existing mechanism volume is larger, and clamping and positioning adopts two cylinders to be used in combination, clamping cylinder and telescopic cylinder, and making processing cost is higher, and tool structure is comparatively complicated;
2. all there is clamp the upper and lower both sides of original clamping device workpiece, and inconvenient employee operates;
3. existing structure is difficult for realizing clamping and positioning for complex-shaped sheet metal component.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of simple in structure, compact, and can carry out to Complex Panels workpiece the device of clamping and positioning.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of clamping and positioning device, comprises a pedestal that is used for place work piece, two pressure arms that are used for clamping work pieces and relative motion, and an actuator that is used for driving pressure arm motion; Described pressure arm and pedestal sliding connection, actuator is arranged on pedestal.
Further, described pedestal is provided with a working face, two grooves and two guide grooves; Described working face is located at the upper end of pedestal; Described two grooves are " one " word along its length to be arranged, and all perpendicular to working face; Described two not parallel layouts of guide groove, the angle forming with working face and all consistent apart from the height and position of working face, and one of them guide groove and one of them surface, groove cross-section lengths direction place intersect vertically, another guide groove and another surface, groove cross-section lengths direction place intersect vertically; Described working face is provided with the positioner for positioning workpieces, and the lower end of described pedestal connects actuator.
Further, described pedestal is cube block structure, and its upper surface is working face; Described two grooves all connect upper and lower two end faces from top to bottom; Described two guide grooves are long through-hole, and be down " eight " word and arrange, and from front former and later two end faces that then all connect.
Further, described pressure arm is " L " type block, comprises long-armed and galianconism, and its galianconism inner surface is for clamping working face, and its long-armed middle part is provided with the projection with the sliding connection of pedestal guide groove.
Further, the projection at described pressure arm middle part is bearing pin.
Further, be also provided with an equiarm connecting rod, described equiarm connecting rod both sides are hinged with the long-armed end of pressure arm respectively, and its upper end connects actuator.
Further, described actuator is cylinder or hydraulic cylinder, and its cylinder body bottom is fixed on the lower surface of pedestal, and the upper surface of its piston rod and equiarm connecting rod is affixed.
Further, described equiarm connecting rod and pressure arm are hinged by a pin.
Further, described equiarm connecting rod is cube block structure, and its both sides are hinged respectively at the long-armed end of pressure arm.
Further, described positioner is alignment pin.
Further, described pedestal is cube block structure, and its upper surface is working face; Described two grooves all connect upper and lower two end faces from top to bottom; Described two guide grooves are long through-hole, and be down " eight " word and arrange, and from front former and later two end faces that then all connect.In the time that two pressure arms are closed, by Work-sheet pressing, in the time that two pressure arms open, workpiece is unclamped.
Further, described power source is cylinder or hydraulic cylinder, and its cylinder body bottom is fixed on the lower surface of pedestal, and the upper surface of its piston rod and equiarm connecting rod is affixed.
Further, described equiarm connecting rod and pressure arm are hinged by a pin.
Further, the projection at described pressure arm middle part is bearing pin.
Further, described equiarm connecting rod is cube block structure, and its both sides are hinged respectively at the long-armed end of pressure arm.
Further, described positioner is alignment pin.
In the utility model, by the positioner on pedestal (alignment pin), workpiece is placed in exactly to the corresponding position of pedestal working face; The unidirectional rectilinear motion of actuator (cylinder or hydraulic cylinder) is decomposed into the motion of both direction, realize clamping and release function to workpiece, to realize quick workpiece loading and unloading, by the free-extension action of actuator, drive equiarm connecting rod to move up and down, thereby drive the pressure arm of both sides to do open/closed action, thereby clamp/unclamp workpiece.
Advantage and the good effect that the utlity model has are: the utility model adopts equiarm linkage, workpiece is arranged on to clamping device one side, simplify clamp mechanism, can realize and firmly clamp and locate for complex-shaped sheet metal component, reduce and taken up room, expand the scope of processing work, be convenient to employee's operation; The utility model can be realized positioning and clamping function simultaneously, have advantages of simple and compact for structure, swift to operate, processing cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is traditional clamping and positioning device perspective view;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of the utility model clamping and positioning device embodiment;
Fig. 3 is perspective view when embodiment installs workpiece in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is schematic diagram when embodiment releasing orientation in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is schematic diagram when embodiment impaction state in Fig. 2.
In figure:
1. compression cylinder, 2. telescopic cylinder, 3. alignment pin, 4. workpiece,
5. equiarm connecting rod, 6. connecting pin, 7. pressure arm, 8. sliding pin, 9. pedestal,
71. is long-armed, 72. galianconism, 91. grooves, 92. guide grooves.
The specific embodiment
For to the more deep understanding of the utility model, enumerate a concrete embodiment below, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the utility model is described in further detail.
The present embodiment is a kind of clamping and positioning device, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, comprises cylinder (compression cylinder 1), pedestal 9, equiarm connecting rod 5 and pressure arm 7; Pedestal 9 is cube block structure, be provided with two grooves 91 that all connect upper and lower two end faces from top to bottom, with two not parallel and with respect to pedestal symmetry, groove 91 connects with guide groove 92 from front 92, two guide grooves 92 of guide groove that then all connect former and later two end faces; The upper surface of pedestal 9 is provided with the alignment pin 3 for positioning workpieces, and lower surface is bolted to connection the bottom of cylinder block; Equiarm connecting rod 5 is cube block structure, and equiarm connecting rod 5 both sides are hinged by a connecting pin 6 with long-armed 71 ends of pressure arm 7 respectively, and its upper surface is bolted to connection cylinder piston rod; Pressure arm 7 is " L " type block, comprise long-armed 71 with galianconism 72, the inner surface of its galianconism is for clamping working face, its long-armed 71 middle parts are provided with the sliding pin 8 with pedestal 9 guide groove 92 sliding connections, this sliding pin 8 is rigidly connected with pressure arm 7.
92 one-tenth inverted "eight" shape settings of two guide grooves, in the time that two pressure arms 7 are closed, by Work-sheet pressing, in the time that two pressure arms open, unclamp workpiece.
The course of work: workpiece 4 is packed into after alignment pin 3, cylinder piston rod ejects, drive equiarm connecting rod 5 to move downward, pressure arm 7 is around the axis rotation of connecting pin 6, sliding pin 8 is in the interior slip of pedestal guide groove 92, and drives pressure arm 7 to move downward, and the galianconism 72 of two pressure arms 7 is done relative motion, be closing motion, pressure arm 7 is clamped workpiece 4 as shown in Figure 5 automatically; In like manner, in the time of cylinder piston rod rollback, the galianconism 72 of pressure arm 7 outwards opens automatically, unclamps workpiece 4, as shown in Figure 4, facilitates employee's pickup.
Above embodiment of the present utility model is had been described in detail, but described content is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, can not be considered to for limiting practical range of the present invention.All equalization variation and improvement etc. of doing according to the utility model scope, within all should still belonging to this patent covering scope.

Claims (10)

1. a clamping and positioning device, is characterized in that: comprise a pedestal that is used for place work piece, two pressure arms that are used for clamping work pieces and relative motion, and an actuator that is used for driving pressure arm motion; Described pressure arm and pedestal sliding connection, actuator is arranged on pedestal.
2. clamping and positioning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pedestal is provided with a working face, two grooves and two guide grooves; Described working face is located at the upper end of pedestal; Described two grooves are " one " word along its length to be arranged, and all perpendicular to working face; Described two not parallel layouts of guide groove, the angle forming with working face and all consistent apart from the height and position of working face, and one of them guide groove and one of them surface, groove cross-section lengths direction place intersect vertically, another guide groove and another surface, groove cross-section lengths direction place intersect vertically; Described working face is provided with the positioner for positioning workpieces, and the lower end of described pedestal connects actuator.
3. clamping and positioning device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described pedestal is cube block structure, and its upper surface is working face; Described two grooves all connect upper and lower two end faces from top to bottom; Described two guide grooves are long through-hole, and be down " eight " word and arrange, and from front former and later two end faces that then all connect.
4. according to the clamping and positioning device described in claim 2 or 3 any one, it is characterized in that: described pressure arm is " L " type block, comprise long-armed and galianconism, its galianconism inner surface is for clamping working face, and its long-armed middle part is provided with the projection with the sliding connection of pedestal guide groove.
5. clamping and positioning device according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the projection at described pressure arm middle part is bearing pin.
6. clamping and positioning device according to claim 4, is characterized in that: be also provided with an equiarm connecting rod, described equiarm connecting rod both sides are hinged with the long-armed end of pressure arm respectively, and its upper end connects actuator.
7. clamping and positioning device according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described actuator is cylinder or hydraulic cylinder, and its cylinder body bottom is fixed on the lower surface of pedestal, and the upper surface of its piston rod and equiarm connecting rod is affixed.
8. clamping and positioning device according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described equiarm connecting rod and pressure arm are hinged by a pin.
9. clamping and positioning device according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described equiarm connecting rod is cube block structure, and its both sides are hinged respectively at the long-armed end of pressure arm.
10. clamping and positioning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described positioner is alignment pin.
CN201320674927.4U 2013-10-29 2013-10-29 Clamping and positioning device Active CN203622022U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320674927.4U CN203622022U (en) 2013-10-29 2013-10-29 Clamping and positioning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320674927.4U CN203622022U (en) 2013-10-29 2013-10-29 Clamping and positioning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203622022U true CN203622022U (en) 2014-06-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320674927.4U Active CN203622022U (en) 2013-10-29 2013-10-29 Clamping and positioning device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203622022U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104708465A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-17 柳州市永益机械制造有限公司 End cover milling clamp
CN104889887A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 东莞市精亿五金有限公司 Bottom cover polishing clamp
CN105171371A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-23 成都飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 Clamping head
CN105328281A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 重庆市首业机械制造有限公司 Clamping mechanism provided with lead screw and reset tension springs
CN105345159A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-02-24 重庆市首业机械制造有限公司 Clamping mechanism with double bevel gears and resetting magnets
CN105750246A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-13 亚杰科技(江苏)有限公司 Motor rotor cleaning apparatus
CN106271766A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A kind of for processing the multiaspect clamping device of bar shaped sheet metal component and using its lathe
CN111546232A (en) * 2020-06-13 2020-08-18 嵊州市虚谷自动化机械加工厂 Spacing fastening device is used to metal connecting sleeve mouth of pipe polishing

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104708465A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-17 柳州市永益机械制造有限公司 End cover milling clamp
CN104889887A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 东莞市精亿五金有限公司 Bottom cover polishing clamp
CN105171371A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-23 成都飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 Clamping head
CN105345159A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-02-24 重庆市首业机械制造有限公司 Clamping mechanism with double bevel gears and resetting magnets
CN105328281A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 重庆市首业机械制造有限公司 Clamping mechanism provided with lead screw and reset tension springs
CN105750246A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-13 亚杰科技(江苏)有限公司 Motor rotor cleaning apparatus
CN105750246B (en) * 2016-03-30 2018-01-23 亚杰科技(江苏)有限公司 A kind of cleaning equipment of rotor
CN106271766A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A kind of for processing the multiaspect clamping device of bar shaped sheet metal component and using its lathe
CN111546232A (en) * 2020-06-13 2020-08-18 嵊州市虚谷自动化机械加工厂 Spacing fastening device is used to metal connecting sleeve mouth of pipe polishing

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