CN204704072U - A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator - Google Patents

A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204704072U
CN204704072U CN201520150647.2U CN201520150647U CN204704072U CN 204704072 U CN204704072 U CN 204704072U CN 201520150647 U CN201520150647 U CN 201520150647U CN 204704072 U CN204704072 U CN 204704072U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind wheel
bearing
blade
vertical axis
wind
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520150647.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴永新
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XINJIANG SHANGNENG SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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XINJIANG SHANGNENG SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520150647.2U priority Critical patent/CN204704072U/en
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Publication of CN204704072U publication Critical patent/CN204704072U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of power generating equipment, be specifically related to a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator, comprise wind wheel and generator, described generator comprises internal rotor and external rotor, described wind wheel comprises the first wind wheel and the second wind wheel, described first wind wheel drive electrical generators internal rotor rotates, and described second wind wheel drive electrical generators external rotor rotates, and described first wind wheel turns to contrary with described second wind wheel.Vertical axis aerogenerator described in the utility model, can overcome in prior art that threshold wind velocity is high, Applicable scope is little, reliability is low, deficiency in economic performance and the defect such as working life is short, to realize that threshold wind velocity is low, applied widely, reliability is high, the good in economic efficiency advantage with long service life.

Description

A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of power generating equipment, is specifically related to a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator.
Background technique
As everyone knows, wind energy, as a kind of clean renewable energy sources, is more and more subject to the attention of countries in the world.Its amount of accumulateing is huge, and the wind energy in the whole world is about 2.74 × 109MW, and wherein available wind energy is 2 × 107MW, than the water energy total amount that the earth can develop also large 10 times.Wind energy is utilized by people very early, is mainly drawn water by windmill, flour milling etc., and now, people are interested is how to utilize wind to generate electricity.Be divided into 0-2 level to be called slight wind according to wind intensity, corresponding wind speed is: gentle breeze is 0.55-1.67m/s.
Wind-power electricity generation, is utilize wind-force to drive air vane to rotate, then the speed rotated is promoted through booster engine, impel electrical power generators; According to current windmill technology, be approximately the gentle breeze speed (degree of gentle breeze) of three meters per second, just can start generating.Wind-driven generator is the dynamic power machine of mechanical work by Wind resource change, also known as windmill.Although wind-driven generator is varied, is summed up and can be divided into two classes: horizontal axis wind-driven generator, the running shaft of wind wheel is parallel with wind direction; Vertical axis aerogenerator, the rotational axis vertical of wind wheel is in ground or airflow direction.
Vertical axis aerogenerator is when change of the wind without the need to wind, and be a large advantage relative to horizontal axis wind-driven generator in this, it not only makes structural design simplify, and decreases wind wheel to gyro power during wind.The vertical axis aerogenerator utilizing resistance to rotate has several types, and wherein have the wind wheel utilizing flat board and quilt to make, this is a kind of pure resistance device; S type windmill, has part lift, but main or resistance device.
Above-mentioned wind-driven generator has larger starting torque, but tip-speed ratio is low, and when wind wheel size, weight and cost are certain, the power stage provided is low.In addition, the threshold wind velocity of vertical axis aerogenerator is high, and the gentle breeze generally needing wind speed the to be at least 3.5m/s wind that eases up could start.Have in prior art that threshold wind velocity is high, application area is little, reliability is low, deficiency in economic performance and the defect such as working life is short.
Model utility content
In order to solve in prior art, the vertical axis aerogenerator threshold wind velocity existed is high, application area is little, reliability is low, deficiency in economic performance and the problem such as working life is short, and the utility model provides that a kind of threshold wind velocity is low, applied widely, reliability is high, the good in economic efficiency vertical axis aerogenerator with long service life.
Technique effect of the present utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator, comprise wind wheel and generator, described generator comprises internal rotor and external rotor, described wind wheel comprises the first wind wheel and the second wind wheel, described first wind wheel drive electrical generators internal rotor rotates, described second wind wheel drive electrical generators external rotor rotates, and described first wind wheel turns to contrary with described second wind wheel.
Wherein, described wind wheel is cartridge type wind wheel.
Wherein, stating wind wheel is 3C shape cartridge type wind wheel.
Wherein, described generator is that external rotor and internal rotor can the direct drive generator of Double-directional rotary.
Wherein, also comprise blade, described blade is fixed on the second wind wheel.
Wherein, described blade is top in shape blade.
Wherein, also comprise bearing support, described bearing support is arranged on wind-driven generator bottom.
Wherein, described bearing support is magnetic suspension shaft bearing, comprise axially superpose with radial Permanent-magnet bearing, protect bearing, housing and end cap, described end cap is arranged on housing two ends, and described Permanent-magnet bearing is arranged in housing, and described protection bearing is arranged in end cap.
Wherein, also comprise blade locking device, described blade locking device is used for blade axially to locate fixing at vertical shaft.
Wherein, also comprise the first wind wheel lock jack panel, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve, blade position rotating bearing, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish, top in shape blade tightening nut, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve, second wind wheel positioning bearing, be socketed in the first wind wheel lock jack panel on main shaft successively, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve, blade position rotating bearing, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish, top in shape blade tightening nut, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve, first wind wheel, top in shape blade, second wind wheel, second wind wheel positioning bearing is formed jointly can the wind wheel system of bidirectional rotation.
Concrete, described top in shape leaf cross-section is streamline; 3C shape first wind wheel and the sheathed tight nitre of inner rotor shaft, drive direct driving motor internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish to turn clockwise; Top in shape blade upper end with fastening in the three-pawl type bearing dish of 120 radians, top in shape blade lower end is connected with 3C shape second wind wheel bottom, the upper end of 3C shape second wind wheel and direct driving motor external rotor fastening, drive direct driving motor external rotor winding is rotated counterclockwise.Direct driving motor internal rotor is set between the first wind wheel and the second wind wheel, and internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish and interior rotating shaft lock; The upper and lower winding of external rotor and 3C shape second wind wheel fastening, drive direct driving motor internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish to turn clockwise by 3C shape first wind wheel; Top in shape blade and 3C shape second wind wheel drive direct driving motor external rotor winding to be rotated counterclockwise.Magnetic suspension shaft bearing is made up of the Permanent-magnet bearing axially superposed with radial direction and protection bearing, housing end plug, tight split nut etc.The low wind speed wind power generator of magnetic suspension vertical shaft two-way 3C cartridge type wind wheel structure coordinates sheathed lightning conductor successively in described vertical major, first wind wheel lock jack panel, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve, blade position rotating bearing, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish, top in shape blade tightening nut, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve, 3C shape first wind wheel, direct drive generator internal rotor, direct-drive permanent-magnetism generator, direct drive generator external rotor, top in shape blade, magnetic suspension bearing, 3C shape second wind wheel, second wind wheel positioning bearing.
Described " C " shape cartridge type first wind wheel assembly, comprises " 3C " type first wind wheel that employing at least three half-round metal sheets are made; Coordinate and be arranged on " 3C " type second wind wheel assembly directly driven below generator, comprise " C " type second wind wheel that employing at least three half-round metal sheets are made.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The electric generator driven by weak wind of magnetic suspension vertical shaft described in the utility model two-way 3C cartridge type wind wheel structure, can overcome in prior art that threshold wind velocity is high, Applicable scope is little, reliability is low, deficiency in economic performance and the defect such as working life is short, to realize that threshold wind velocity is low, applied widely, reliability is high, the good in economic efficiency advantage with long service life.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is vertical shaft wind power generator structure schematic diagram disclosed in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the electric generator structure schematic diagram of vertical axis aerogenerator disclosed in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is vertical axis aerogenerator magnetic suspension shaft holder structure schematic diagram disclosed in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is vertical axis aerogenerator three-pawl type bearing dish structural representation disclosed in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is vertical axis aerogenerator top in shape blade structure schematic diagram disclosed in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is vertical axis aerogenerator 3C shape first wind wheel cross-sectional structure schematic diagram disclosed in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is vertical axis aerogenerator 3C shape second wind wheel cross-sectional structure schematic diagram disclosed in the utility model.
Embodiment
Technical solutions of the utility model are introduced in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of vertical shaft low wind speed wind power generator, comprising: top in shape blade 13 and two-way 3C cartridge type wind wheel 9,15; Can the direct-drive motor 11 of Double-directional rotary; Axially with the Permanent-magnet bearing of radial superposition and magnetic suspension shaft bearing 14 3 part of mechanical bearing mixing.
Concrete, vertical shaft low wind speed wind power generator coordinates sheathed lightning conductor 1 successively in described vertical major, first wind wheel lock jack panel 2, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve 3, blade position rotating bearing 4, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover 5, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish 6, top in shape blade tightening nut 7, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve 8, 3C shape first wind wheel 9, direct drive generator internal rotor 10, direct-drive permanent-magnetism generator 11, direct drive generator external rotor 12, top in shape blade 13, magnetic suspension bearing 14, 3C shape second wind wheel 15, second wind wheel positioning bearing 16.
Described top in shape blade 13 cross section is streamline (as shown in Figure 4), and forms whole generator wind wheel with two-way 3C cartridge type wind wheel 9/15; 3C shape first wind wheel 9 and the sheathed tight nitre of inner rotor shaft 10, drive direct driving motor internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish 20 to turn clockwise; Top in shape blade 13 upper end is fastening at top in shape blade fixing part 7 with the three-pawl type bearing dish 6 in 120 radians, top in shape blade 13 lower end is connected with 3C shape second wind wheel 15 bottom, the upper end of 3C shape second wind wheel 15 and direct driving motor 11 external rotor 12 fastening, drive direct driving motor 11 external rotor winding 18 to be rotated counterclockwise.Concrete, described three-pawl type bearing dish 6 arranges on the vertical axis, meanwhile, is also provided with blade position rotating bearing 4 and outer ring locating cover 5.Described top in shape blade 13 forms by 3, and leaf cross-section is streamline, and top in shape blade 13 three-pawl type bearing dish 6 is socketed on described vertical shaft, and streamline top in shape blade 13 top and blade three-jaw flange plate 6 are connected; Streamline top in shape blade 13 bottom and 3C shape second wind wheel 15 be socketed on described main shaft are fastening, and 3C shape second wind wheel 15 top, with directly to drive generator external rotor 12 fastening, drive together with streamline top in shape blade 13 and directly drives generator external rotor 12 and rotate; It is tight that 3C shape first wind wheel 9 and inner rotor shaft 11 are socketed nitre, and the first wind wheel 9 drive electrical generators 11 internal rotor rotates.
As shown in Figure 2, generator comprises external rotor 12 and internal rotor, and described external rotor comprises the upper and lower winding 18 of external rotor and outer rotor case 19, and internal rotor comprises inner rotor shaft 10 and internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish 20; Direct driving motor 11 internal rotor is set between first, second wind wheel 9/15, and internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish 20 and interior rotating shaft 10 lock; The upper and lower winding of external rotor 18 is fastening with 3C shape second wind wheel 15, drives direct driving motor 11 internal rotor permanent-magnetic dish 20 to turn clockwise by 3C shape first wind wheel 9; Top in shape blade 13 and 3C shape second wind wheel 15 drive direct driving motor 11 external rotor winding 18 to be rotated counterclockwise.
As shown in Figure 3, described magnetic suspension shaft bearing 14 adopts the structural type of the Permanent-magnet bearing of a kind of axis and radial superposition and the generator supporting of mechanical bearing mixing.Comprise that housing upper end cap 22, first protects bearing 23, in magnetosphere 24, radial magnetic bearing outer magnetic ring 25, wind-driven generator outer rotor case 26, axial magnetic suspension bearing 27, radial magnetic bearing, magnetosphere 28, radial magnetic bearing outer magnetic ring 29, second protect bearing 30, outer rotor case lower end cap 31, locking nut 21 in radial magnetic bearing.
Concrete, being socketed in that the first wind wheel lock jack panel 2, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve 3 on vertical shaft main shaft, blade position rotating bearing 4, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover 5, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish 6, top in shape blade tightening nut 7, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve 8,3C shape first wind wheel 9,9 top in shape blade 13,3C shape second wind wheel 15, second wind wheel positioning bearing 16 form jointly can the wind wheel system of bidirectional rotation.
Described " C " type first wind wheel assembly, comprises " 3C " type first wind wheel that employing at least three half-round metal sheets are made; Coordinate and be arranged on " C " type second wind wheel assembly directly driven below generator, comprise " C " type second wind wheel that employing at least three half-round metal sheets are made.
Last it is noted that the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, although be described in detail the utility model with reference to previous embodiment, for a person skilled in the art, it still can be modified to the technological scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a vertical axis aerogenerator, comprise wind wheel and generator, it is characterized in that: described generator comprises internal rotor and external rotor, described wind wheel comprises the first wind wheel and the second wind wheel, described first wind wheel drive electrical generators internal rotor rotates, described second wind wheel drive electrical generators external rotor rotates, described first wind wheel turns to contrary with described second wind wheel, also comprise bearing support, described bearing support is arranged on wind-driven generator bottom, described bearing support is magnetic suspension shaft bearing, comprise the Permanent-magnet bearing axially superposed with radial direction, protection bearing, housing and end cap, described end cap is arranged on housing two ends, described Permanent-magnet bearing is arranged in housing, described protection bearing is arranged in end cap.
2. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described wind wheel is cartridge type wind wheel.
3. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described wind wheel is 3C shape cartridge type wind wheel.
4. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described generator is that external rotor and internal rotor can the direct drive generator of Double-directional rotary.
5. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise blade, and described blade is fixed on the second wind wheel.
6. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described blade is top in shape blade.
7. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 5, is characterized in that: also comprise blade locking device, and described blade locking device is used for blade axially to locate fixing at vertical shaft.
8. a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the first wind wheel lock jack panel, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve, blade position rotating bearing, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish, top in shape blade tightening nut, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve, second wind wheel positioning bearing, be socketed in the first wind wheel lock jack panel on main shaft successively, first wind wheel first clamping sleeve, blade position rotating bearing, blade rotary bearing outer ring locating cover, top in shape blade three-pawl type bearing dish, top in shape blade tightening nut, first wind wheel second clamping sleeve, first wind wheel, top in shape blade, second wind wheel, second wind wheel positioning bearing is formed jointly can the wind wheel system of bidirectional rotation.
CN201520150647.2U 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator Expired - Fee Related CN204704072U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520150647.2U CN204704072U (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106612045A (en) * 2015-10-27 2017-05-03 黄国彰 Flow force power generation device
CN108050017A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-18 桂林电子科技大学 Integrated vertical axis aerogenerator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106612045A (en) * 2015-10-27 2017-05-03 黄国彰 Flow force power generation device
CN108050017A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-18 桂林电子科技大学 Integrated vertical axis aerogenerator

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151014

Termination date: 20180317

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee