CN204700554U - High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure - Google Patents

High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204700554U
CN204700554U CN201520253111.3U CN201520253111U CN204700554U CN 204700554 U CN204700554 U CN 204700554U CN 201520253111 U CN201520253111 U CN 201520253111U CN 204700554 U CN204700554 U CN 204700554U
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
axis slide
brace
screw mandrel
machining center
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520253111.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨勇
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CHONGQING MASITER PRECISION MACHINERY Co Ltd
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CHONGQING MASITER PRECISION MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure, be symmetrical arranged chip area (1e) at the right and left at brace table (1a) top, spiral chip removal machine (22) is all housed in chip area (1e); The front end at brace table (1a) top is provided with barricade (1c), and the middle part of barricade (1c) is separated by oil-water separation tank (1d); Workbench (4) is set in the top of brace table (1a), the X-axis nut seat (5) that workbench (4) bottom is fixing and X-axis screw mandrel (6) threaded engagement; At the front end face of crossbeam (3), upper and lower two Y-axis slide rails (10) are housed, Y-axis slide (11) is slidably matched by Y-axis slide block and this two Y-axis slide rails (10).The utility model structure is simple, compact, and volume is little, and precision is high, good reliability, and chip removal is smooth and easy, thorough; By being integrated on base by oil-water separation tank, fundamentally solve water-oil separating mechanism because assembling the leakage of oil of leaking caused not in place.

Description

High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure
Technical field
The utility model belongs to machine tool technology field, specifically, and particularly a kind of power drive structure of high precision numerical control gantry machining center.
Background technology
The high-efficiency automatic lathe being applicable to processed complex part that numerical control machining center is made up of plant equipment and digital control system.Numerical control machining center is current one of the highest, most widely used Digit Control Machine Tool of output in the world.Its comprehensive process ability is stronger, more processing content can be completed after workpiece clamped one time, machining accuracy is higher, with regard to the batch workpiece of medium difficulty of processing, its efficiency is 5 ~ 10 times of conventional equipment, particularly it can complete the processing that many conventional equipments can not complete, more complicated to shape, the single-piece work that required precision is high or small batch multi-item production more applicable.
Crossbeam fixed gantry machining center is the Digit Control Machine Tool of current extensive use.But existing numerical control gantry machining center is bulky, area occupied is large, and structural rigidity is poor, and overall precision is unstable; Meanwhile, vibrate comparatively large in the course of the work, larger noise can be produced, and temperature rise is fast, less reliable.
Base is the chassis of whole machining center, is positioned at bottommost, for supporting the weight of whole equipment and being convenient to other parts layout.Existing numerical control gantry machining center needs on base, be equipped with water-oil separating mechanism, water-oil separating mechanism makes usually separately, and by being mounted with on base, add cost so on the one hand, easily cause leakage of oil of leaking because the assembling of water-oil separating mechanism is not in place; On the other hand, the volume of base increases, and transports very inconvenient, can affect the globality of whole machining center.
The iron filings that the numerical control gantry machining center course of work produces are cleared up by special chip removal device.Existing chip removal device not only complex structure, dismounting is inconvenient, and cleaning iron filings are not thorough, need manually to carry out secondary cleaning, thus can affect the efficiency of processing toward contact.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide that a kind of compact conformation, chip removal efficiency are high, the high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure of leakage of oil of effectively avoiding leaking.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows: a kind of high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure, the brace table (1a) of rectangle is formed with at the top of base (1), the left and right sides of this brace table (1a) postmedian is symmetrical arranged bearing (1b), the upper vertical columns (2) of each bearing (1b), top common support crossbeam (3) of the right and left column (2), is characterized in that:
Chip area (1e) is symmetrical arranged at the right and left at described brace table (1a) top, chip area (1e) extends along the longitudinal direction, the through front end face to brace table (1a) in front end of chip area (1e), and in each chip area (1e), spiral chip removal machine (22) is all housed; Barricade (1c) is provided with in the front end at described brace table (1a) top, this barricade (1c) is positioned between two chip areas (1e), and the middle part of barricade (1c) is separated by oil-water separation tank (1d), described oil-water separation tank (1d) is the through groove in front and back;
In the top of described brace table (1a), workbench (4) is set, this workbench (4) is positioned between two columns (2), the X-axis nut seat (5) that workbench (4) bottom is fixing and X-axis screw mandrel (6) threaded engagement, the rear end of described X-axis screw mandrel (6) is connected with X-axis motor by the first shaft coupling, X-axis motor is arranged on the rear end of brace table (1a), and is positioned at X-axis guard shield (7); Be symmetrical arranged X-axis slide rail (8) in the left and right sides of described X-axis screw mandrel (6), workbench (4) is slidably matched with X-axis slide rail (8) by the X-axis slide block (9) of bottom;
At the front end face of described crossbeam (3), upper and lower two Y-axis slide rails (10) are housed, Y-axis slide (11) is slidably matched by Y-axis slide block and this two Y-axis slide rails (10), Y-axis nut seat is fixed at the back side of Y-axis slide (11), this Y-axis nut seat and Y-axis screw mandrel (12) threaded engagement, described Y-axis screw mandrel (12) is positioned between two Y-axis slide rails (10), and one end of this Y-axis screw mandrel (12) is connected with y-axis motor (13) by the second shaft coupling;
At the front end face of described Y-axis slide (11), about two parallel Z axis slide rails (14) are set, main spindle box (15) is positioned between these two Z axis slide rails (14), and be slidably matched with these two Z axis slide rails (14) by the Z axis slide block (16) of side, Z axis nut seat is fixed at the back side of main spindle box (15), this Z axis nut seat coordinates with Z axis wire rod thread, described Z axis screw mandrel is positioned between two Z axis slide rails (14), and the upper end of this Z axis screw mandrel is connected with Z axis motor (17) by the 3rd shaft coupling.
Adopt above technical scheme, X-axis motor rotation, drive X-axis screw mandrel original place to rotate, workbench is moved at fore-and-aft direction, to realize the X-axis displacement of institute's clamping workpiece on workbench; Y-axis motor operates, and drives Y-axis screw mandrel original place to rotate, Y-axis slide and main spindle box is moved at left and right directions, to realize the Y-axis displacement of cutter; Z axis motor rotation, drives Z axis screw mandrel original place to rotate, main spindle box is moved at above-below direction, to realize the Z axis displacement of cutter.Multi-shaft interlocked above, can machining large framework and complex profile, can bore, milling, boring, diverse in function, the scope of application is widely.High pulling torque motor all selected by X-axis motor, y-axis motor and Z axis motor, respective outfit adjutant feed screw nut rotary motion converts rectilinear motion to, and adopt line slideway to lead, like this without the need to being equipped with reduction box, in simplification structure, while reducing costs, can effectively reduce the volume of whole machining center on the one hand, structural rigidity is good; On the other hand, the high and stable accuracy of precision, vibrate little in the course of the work, noise is low, and temperature rise is comparatively slow, and reliability is secure.
Base brace table arranges two chip areas in left and right, this chip area is for collecting the iron filings of processing, and in the process of processing, along with the running of spiral chip removal machine, iron filings move forward along chip area, until discharge from the front end of base, whole chip removal process is synchronous with process, iron filings can be made automatically to get rid of totally, and chip removal efficiency is high.Oil-water separation tank is wholely set in the front end of base brace table, rail oil and cutting oil are directly separated on base foundry goods by oil-water separation tank, not only save cost, fundamentally solve water-oil separating mechanism because assembling the leakage of oil of leaking caused not in place, and convenient transportation, enhance the globality of machining center.
Conveniently lift, the symmetrical mounting hanger (18) in the two ends, left and right at described crossbeam (3) top.
More smooth and easy in order to make main spindle box move up and down, it is right that described Z axis slide block (16) has upper, middle and lower three, and often pair of Z axis slide block (16) is divided into symmetrical two.
In order to reduce chip removal resistance, make chip removal more smooth and easy, thorough, the cross section of described chip area (1e) is " V " shape.
The horizontal stripe (19) that two, front and back are parallel to each other is provided with in the centre position of described brace table (1a) end face middle front part, the top of these two horizontal stripes (19) is provided with two longitudinal blocks (20) in left and right, described longitudinal block (20) is perpendicular with horizontal stripe (19), the rear and front end of longitudinal block (20) supports fixing by the horizontal stripe (19) of correspondence, and longitudinal block (20) has multiple screw from front to back.Above structure horizontal stripe and longitudinal block composition bearing block supporter, for supporting the bearing block of fixing X-axis screw mandrel, while facilitating bearing block to assemble, can make bearing block install firm.
The end face of described brace table (1a) is provided with two groups, front and back locating piece (21), often organizes locating piece (21) and be divided into two, left and right, two groups totally four locating pieces (21) are by the rectangular distribution; Described locating piece (21) is rectangle, each locating piece (21) is distributed with four locating holes by the rectangular distribution.The moulding of above structure locating piece is simple, base is easy to arrange, fastness is good; Locating piece plays a part for subsequent use, so that install other device additional as required on base.Locating piece, lower than the slide rail on base, can not affect the proper motion of workbench.
Beneficial effect: each axially-movable of the utility model is realized by high pulling torque motor and feed screw nut pair, and can realize the processing of complex profile, have structure simple, compact, volume is little, and precision is high, vibrates little, the features such as noise is low, good reliability.The utility model arranges chip area and spiral chip removal machine on base, additionally can not increase the volume of whole machining center; By spiral chip removal machine can in process automatic scrap iron cleaning, chip removal is smooth and easy, thorough, and chip removal efficiency is high.The utility model, by being integrated on base by oil-water separation tank, avoiding and makes water-oil separating mechanism in addition, while reduction production cost, convenient transport, fundamentally solves water-oil separating mechanism because assembling the leakage of oil of leaking caused not in place.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is side view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the right view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the top view of base.
Fig. 5 is the front view of base and workbench.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, the brace table 1a of rectangle is formed with at the top of base 1, the right and left at brace table 1a top is symmetrical arranged chip area 1e, chip area 1e extends along the longitudinal direction, the cross section of this chip area 1e is preferably " V " shape, and the through front end face to brace table 1a in the front end of chip area 1e.In each chip area 1e, spiral chip removal machine 22 is all housed, spiral chip removal machine 22 is prior art, and its structure does not repeat at this.In the process that spiral chip removal machine 22 operates, the iron filings in chip area 1e can be carried from back to front.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, be provided with barricade 1c in the front end at brace table 1a top, this barricade 1c and brace table 1a is structure as a whole, and barricade 1c between two chip area 1e, and extends in left-right direction.The middle part of barricade 1c is separated by oil-water separation tank 1d, the groove that oil-water separation tank 1d is through before and after being.Be provided with the horizontal stripe 19 that two, front and back are parallel to each other in the centre position of brace table 1a end face middle front part, horizontal stripe 19 and brace table 1a are structure as a whole.Two longitudinal blocks 20 in left and right are provided with above two horizontal stripes 19, longitudinal block 20 is perpendicular with horizontal stripe 19, the rear and front end of longitudinal block 20 supports fixing by the horizontal stripe 19 of correspondence, and longitudinal block 20 has multiple screw from front to back, the number of screw is determined according to actual needs, the present embodiment is preferably three, and the screw on the longitudinal block 20 of two, left and right is symmetrical.
As shown in Figure 4, the end face of brace table 1a is provided with two groups, front and back locating piece 21, often organizes locating piece 21 and be divided into two, left and right, two groups totally four locating pieces 21 are by the rectangular distribution.Locating piece 21 is preferably rectangle, and is fixed with brace table 1a by welding, and each locating piece 21 is distributed with four locating holes by the rectangular distribution, locating hole is preferably screw.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, be symmetrical arranged bearing 1b in the left and right sides of brace table 1a postmedian, vertical columns 2 on each bearing 1b, the top common support crossbeam 3 of the right and left column 2.Above brace table 1a, arrange workbench 4, workbench 4 is for positioning workpiece to be processed.Workbench 4 between two columns 2, X-axis nut seat 5 fixing bottom workbench 4 and X-axis screw mandrel 6 threaded engagement.X-axis screw mandrel 6 extends along the longitudinal direction, the two ends of this X-axis screw mandrel 6 by bearing and bearing block support on brace table 1a.The rear end of X-axis screw mandrel 6 is connected with the output shaft of X-axis motor by the first shaft coupling, and X-axis motor is arranged on the rear end of brace table 1a, and is positioned at X-axis guard shield 7, and X-axis guard shield 7 is fixed on brace table 1a.Be symmetrical arranged X-axis slide rail 8 in the left and right sides of X-axis screw mandrel 6, X-axis slide rail 8 parallels with X-axis screw mandrel 6, and two X-axis slide rails 8 are equal to the distance of X-axis screw mandrel 6, and workbench 4 is slidably matched with two X-axis slide rails 8 respectively by two groups of X-axis slide blocks 9 of bottom.When X-axis motor rotation time, the output shaft of X-axis motor drives X-axis screw mandrel 6 original place to rotate, and under the guide effect of X-axis slide rail 8, workbench 4 moves at fore-and-aft direction.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, at the symmetrical mounting hanger 18 in the two ends, left and right at crossbeam 3 top, to facilitate lifting.At the front end face of crossbeam 3, upper and lower two Y-axis slide rails 10 be parallel to each other are housed, Y-axis slide rail 10 extends in left-right direction.Y-axis slide 11 is slidably matched with these two Y-axis slide rails 10 respectively by two groups of Y-axis slide blocks.Y-axis nut seat is fixed, this Y-axis nut seat and Y-axis screw mandrel 12 threaded engagement at the back side of Y-axis slide 11.Y-axis screw mandrel 12 is between two Y-axis slide rails 10, and Y-axis screw mandrel 12 is parallel to Y-axis slide rail 10, and the distance of Y-axis screw mandrel 12 to two Y-axis slide rails 10 is equal.Y-axis screw mandrel 12 is by two groups of bearings and bearing block rotatably support on crossbeam 3, and one end of Y-axis screw mandrel 12 is connected with the output shaft of y-axis motor 13 by the second shaft coupling.When y-axis motor 13 operates time, the output shaft of y-axis motor 13 drives Y-axis screw mandrel 12 original place to rotate, and under the guide effect of Y-axis slide rail 10, Y-axis slide 11 moves at left and right directions.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, arrange about two parallel Z axis slide rails 14 at the front end face of Y-axis slide 11, Z axis slide rail 14 extends along the vertical direction.Main spindle box 15 between these two Z axis slide rails 14, and is slidably matched with these two Z axis slide rails 14 by the Z axis slide block 16 of side.As preferably, in the present embodiment, to have upper, middle and lower three right for Z axis slide block 16, and often pair of Z axis slide block 16 is divided into symmetrical two.Fix Z axis nut seat at the back side of main spindle box 15, this Z axis nut seat coordinates with Z axis wire rod thread.Z axis screw mandrel is between two Z axis slide rails 14, and this Z axis screw mandrel parallels with Z axis slide rail 14, and Z axis screw mandrel is equal to the distance of two Z axis slide rails 14.Z axis screw mandrel rotatably support is on Y-axis slide 11, and the upper end of Z axis screw mandrel is connected with the output shaft of Z axis motor 17 by the 3rd shaft coupling.When Z axis motor 17 operates time, the output shaft of Z axis motor 17 drives Z axis screw mandrel original place to rotate, and under the guide effect of Z axis slide rail 14, main spindle box 15 moves at above-below direction.

Claims (6)

1. a high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure, the brace table (1a) of rectangle is formed with at the top of base (1), the left and right sides of this brace table (1a) postmedian is symmetrical arranged bearing (1b), the upper vertical columns (2) of each bearing (1b), top common support crossbeam (3) of the right and left column (2), is characterized in that:
Chip area (1e) is symmetrical arranged at the right and left at described brace table (1a) top, chip area (1e) extends along the longitudinal direction, the through front end face to brace table (1a) in front end of chip area (1e), and in each chip area (1e), spiral chip removal machine (22) is all housed; Barricade (1c) is provided with in the front end at described brace table (1a) top, this barricade (1c) is positioned between two chip areas (1e), and the middle part of barricade (1c) is separated by oil-water separation tank (1d), described oil-water separation tank (1d) is the through groove in front and back;
In the top of described brace table (1a), workbench (4) is set, this workbench (4) is positioned between two columns (2), the X-axis nut seat (5) that workbench (4) bottom is fixing and X-axis screw mandrel (6) threaded engagement, the rear end of described X-axis screw mandrel (6) is connected with X-axis motor by the first shaft coupling, X-axis motor is arranged on the rear end of brace table (1a), and is positioned at X-axis guard shield (7); Be symmetrical arranged X-axis slide rail (8) in the left and right sides of described X-axis screw mandrel (6), workbench (4) is slidably matched with X-axis slide rail (8) by the X-axis slide block (9) of bottom;
At the front end face of described crossbeam (3), upper and lower two Y-axis slide rails (10) are housed, Y-axis slide (11) is slidably matched by Y-axis slide block and this two Y-axis slide rails (10), Y-axis nut seat is fixed at the back side of Y-axis slide (11), this Y-axis nut seat and Y-axis screw mandrel (12) threaded engagement, described Y-axis screw mandrel (12) is positioned between two Y-axis slide rails (10), and one end of this Y-axis screw mandrel (12) is connected with y-axis motor (13) by the second shaft coupling;
At the front end face of described Y-axis slide (11), about two parallel Z axis slide rails (14) are set, main spindle box (15) is positioned between these two Z axis slide rails (14), and be slidably matched with these two Z axis slide rails (14) by the Z axis slide block (16) of side, Z axis nut seat is fixed at the back side of main spindle box (15), this Z axis nut seat coordinates with Z axis wire rod thread, described Z axis screw mandrel is positioned between two Z axis slide rails (14), and the upper end of this Z axis screw mandrel is connected with Z axis motor (17) by the 3rd shaft coupling.
2. high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the symmetrical mounting hanger (18) in the two ends, left and right at described crossbeam (3) top.
3. high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: it is right that described Z axis slide block (16) has upper, middle and lower three, often pair of Z axis slide block (16) is divided into symmetrical two.
4. high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the cross section of described chip area (1e) is " V " shape.
5. the high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that: be provided with the horizontal stripe (19) that two, front and back are parallel to each other in the centre position of described brace table (1a) end face middle front part, the top of these two horizontal stripes (19) is provided with two longitudinal blocks (20) in left and right, described longitudinal block (20) is perpendicular with horizontal stripe (19), the rear and front end of longitudinal block (20) supports fixing by the horizontal stripe (19) of correspondence, and longitudinal block (20) has multiple screw from front to back.
6. high precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the end face of described brace table (1a), be provided with two groups, front and back locating piece (21), often organize locating piece (21) and be divided into two, left and right, two groups totally four locating pieces (21) are by the rectangular distribution; Described locating piece (21) is rectangle, each locating piece (21) is distributed with four locating holes by the rectangular distribution.
CN201520253111.3U 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure Expired - Fee Related CN204700554U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520253111.3U CN204700554U (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520253111.3U CN204700554U (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204700554U true CN204700554U (en) 2015-10-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520253111.3U Expired - Fee Related CN204700554U (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 High precision numerical control gantry machining center power drive structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20151014

Termination date: 20160424