CN204685293U - A kind of solar energy static dedusting device - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy static dedusting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204685293U
CN204685293U CN201520359147.XU CN201520359147U CN204685293U CN 204685293 U CN204685293 U CN 204685293U CN 201520359147 U CN201520359147 U CN 201520359147U CN 204685293 U CN204685293 U CN 204685293U
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China
Prior art keywords
electrostatic precipitator
collecting plate
voltage
inverter
power supply
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520359147.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
季旭
张华�
杨剑
郑方东
余廷高
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Yunnan Normal University
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Yunnan Normal University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of solar energy static dedusting device, comprises solar panel, controller, batteries, inverter, high-voltage DC power supply, electrostatic precipitator.Solar panel and controller, batteries, inverter form solar photovoltaic generation system; High-voltage DC power supply connects inverter, alternating current is changed into high voltage direct current, is supplied to electrostatic precipitator, in different irradiation level situations, can provide reliable and stable electric energy, deduster working stability for electrostatic precipitator.The collecting plate of electrostatic precipitator is snowflake shape, corona electricity level is radial, collecting plate and the nested placement of corona electricity level, manually can clear up the dust on collecting plate and corona wire, when ensureing electrostatic precipitator constancy of volume, by increasing unit volume collecting plate dust-collecting area, improving dust catching efficiency, and reducing isopyknic DC voltage.

Description

A kind of solar energy static dedusting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of electrostatic precipitator, and particularly a kind of solar energy static dedusting device, belongs to technical field of solar utilization technique.
Background technology
Along with the development of economy, the seriousness of atmosphere pollution causes the attention of various circles of society, and particularly more and more city is constantly subject to serious haze impact.And dust arrester can be used for industrial and mining enterprises and family, the dust granules in air can be reduced, play the effect purified air, available protecting ecological environment and health.Electrostatic precipitator has the advantages such as efficiency of dust collection is high, resistance is low, power consumption is few, but also exists that volume is large in the application, quality is heavy, invest the high and low inferior problem of fine solid particle capture rate.At present, the supply of electric power of electrostatic precipitator relies on electrical network to supply, while consuming a large amount of electric energy, also severe contamination environment, and solar energy is a kind of inexhaustible green regenerative energy sources, solar photovoltaic technology effectively can alleviate power load, meet the principle of energy and environment coordinated development, there is the substantial effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Through retrieval, Chinese Patent Application No.: 200610042753, patent name is: solar energy static dedusting system, this patent proposes solar-energy photo-voltaic cell group and provides electric energy by energy-storing starter to electrostatic precipitation apparatus, and the LC accumulator that energy-storing starter is made up of inductor and capacitor and start-up circuit form.This patent solar-energy photo-voltaic cell group does not install controller for solar, fail the output of the maximum power point realizing solar cell, output electric energy is affected by environment, and the discharge and recharge of battery can not get controlling, and deduster is little at the dust-collecting area of unit volume circuit board.Chinese Patent Application No.: 201410606246.3, patent name is: a kind of solar energy thermal gradient energy electrostatic precipitator, this patent proposes temperature-difference power generation module, solar electrical energy generation module is connected with accumulate supply module respectively by connection line, accumulate supply module comprises energy storage module and power supply boost module, energy storage module is provided with circuit controller, the electric energy of reception can directly be supplied dedusting module by controller, again can by power storage to energy storage module.The collecting plate unit volume collecting plate dust-collecting area of this patent electrostatic precipitator is little, and one time cost of investment is high, and total is complicated.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is the defect existed for prior art, is combined by solar photovoltaic generation system, propose a kind of solar energy static dedusting device with electrostatic precipitator.Wherein, solar photovoltaic generation system provides reliable and stable electric energy for electrostatic precipitator, and environmental protection of powering is not affected by environment, and when ensureing electrostatic precipitator constancy of volume, by increasing unit volume collecting plate dust-collecting area, improves dust catching efficiency.Deduster structure is simple, and mounting or dismounting are convenient, manually can clear up the dust on collecting plate and corona wire, reduces deduster cost.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts:
A kind of solar energy static dedusting device, comprises solar panel, controller, batteries, inverter, high-voltage DC power supply, electrostatic precipitator.Described solar panel via controller I tunnel is connected with batteries, the output of batteries is connected with the input port of inverter, the output of described inverter is connected with the input port of high-voltage DC power supply, and the positive and negative electrode of high-voltage DC power supply output port is connected by wire with the colelctor electrode of electrostatic precipitator, discharge electrode respectively; Described controller II tunnel is connected with the input port of inverter.
Described solar panel is the series connection of multiple solar panel.
Described solar panel and controller, batteries, inverter form solar photovoltaic generation system, the reliable electric energy of stable output, and solar photovoltaic generation system is that whole system is powered, electrostatic precipitator working stability.
Described electrostatic precipitator comprises collecting plate, corona electrode and wire; Described corona electrode comprises corona wire and corona wire support, the placement nested with corona electrode of described collecting plate, and centered by collecting plate, corona wire and collecting plate are evenly arranged; The collecting plate (also known as colelctor electrode) of described electrostatic precipitator is connected by wire with the positive pole of high-voltage DC power supply, and the corona wire (also known as discharge electrode) of electrostatic precipitator is connected by wire with the negative pole of high-voltage DC power supply.
The collecting plate of described electrostatic precipitator is snowflake shape structure, and adopt the flat board of six pieces of Y shape shapes, centered by the lower end of Y shape flat board, got up by six pieces of plate weldings, the angle of adjacent Y shape flat board is 60 degree, the overall collecting plate forming snowflake shape.Corona electrode is radial structure, corona wire is the aluminized wire of diameter 1.5mm, corona wire support is the aluminized wire of diameter 4mm, when ensureing electrostatic precipitator constancy of volume, by increasing unit volume collecting plate dust-collecting area, improve dust catching efficiency, reduce deduster cost and isopyknic DC voltage.
Described electrostatic precipitator manually can clear up the dust on collecting plate and corona wire, and mounting or dismounting facilitate low cost of manufacture, and efficiency of dust collection is high.
Described system is when irradiation level is high, solar panel via controller realizes the output of the maximum power point of solar cell, it is that high-voltage DC power supply is powered that direct current is changed into alternating current through batteries, inverter by controller I tunnel, the output of inverter is connected with the input port of high-voltage DC power supply, it is that electrostatic precipitator is powered that the alternating current of input is changed into high voltage direct current by high-voltage DC power supply, control the discharge and recharge of batteries with Time Controller, unnecessary electricity is stored in batteries; Controller II tunnel is through inverter, direct current being changed into alternating current is that high-voltage DC power supply is powered, the positive and negative electrode of high-voltage DC power supply output port is connected by wire with the colelctor electrode of electrostatic precipitator, discharge electrode respectively, discharge electrode discharges under highfield effect around, form gas ionization and charging particle, charged particle is trapped by collecting plate, reaches dust removing effects; When irradiation level is low, when the generated energy of solar panel can not satisfy the demands, controller controls batteries electric discharge, and the electric energy of storage is that high-voltage DC power supply is powered by inverter by batteries, forms the electrostatic field of electrostatic precipitation.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: a kind of solar energy static dedusting device, solar photovoltaic technology is combined with electrostatic precipitator, solar panel and controller, batteries, inverter form solar photovoltaic generation system, no matter be can provide reliable and stable electric energy for electrostatic precipitator when irradiation level is high or irradiation level is low, effective alleviation power load and energy-conserving and environment-protective, electrostatic precipitator working stability, not by the impact of external environment.The utility model improves electrodes for removing dust structure, collecting plate is snowflake shape, and corona wire is radial structure, when ensureing electrostatic precipitator constancy of volume, by increasing unit volume collecting plate dust-collecting area, improving dust catching efficiency and reducing isopyknic DC voltage.The utility model structure is simple, and mounting or dismounting are convenient, manually can clear up the dust on collecting plate and corona wire, reduces deduster cost, provides efficiency of dust collection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of solar energy static dedusting device
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of electrostatic precipitator
Fig. 3 is the corona electricity level structure schematic diagram of electrostatic precipitator
Fig. 4 is the collecting plate structural representation of electrostatic precipitator
1. solar panels, 2. controller, 3. batteries, 4. inverter, 5. high-voltage DC power supply, 6. electrostatic precipitator in figure, 6-1. collecting plate, 6-2. corona electrode, 6-21. corona wire support, 6-22. corona wire, 6-3 wire.
Detailed description of the invention
Shown in Fig. 1, be a kind of solar energy static dedusting device, comprise solar panel (1), controller (2), batteries (3), inverter (4), high-voltage DC power supply (5), electrostatic precipitator (6).Described solar panel (1) and controller (2), batteries (3), inverter (4) composition solar photovoltaic generation system, solar photovoltaic generation system is that whole system is powered, solar panel (1) via controller (2) I tunnel is connected with batteries (3), the output of batteries (3) is connected with the input port of inverter (4), the output of described inverter (4) is connected with the input port of high-voltage DC power supply (5), high-voltage DC power supply (5) output port just, negative pole respectively with the colelctor electrode of electrostatic precipitator (6), discharge electrode connects, described controller (2) II tunnel is connected with the input port of inverter (4).
Described solar panel (1) is multiple solar panel (1) series connection.
Fig. 2 is electrostatic precipitator structural representation, and composition graphs 2 further illustrates the structure of solar energy static dedusting device.Described electrostatic precipitator (6) comprises collecting plate (6-1), corona electrode (6-2), corona wire support (6-21), corona wire (6-22) and wire (6-3).Collecting plate (6-1) is snowflake shape structure, and adopt the flat board of six pieces of Y shape shapes, centered by the lower end of Y shape flat board, got up by six pieces of plate weldings, the angle of adjacent Y shape flat board is 60 degree, the overall collecting plate forming snowflake shape.Corona electrode (6-2) is radial structure, the aluminized wire that corona wire (6-22) is diameter 1.5mm, the aluminized wire that corona wire support (6-21) is diameter 4mm; Described collecting plate (6-1) and level (6-2) the nested placement of corona electricity, centered by collecting plate (6-1), corona wire (6-22) and collecting plate (6-1) are evenly arranged; Collecting plate (6-1) (also known as the colelctor electrode) of described electrostatic precipitator (6) is connected by wire (6-3) with the positive pole of high-voltage DC power supply (5), and corona wire (6-22) (also known as the discharge electrode) of electrostatic precipitator (6) is connected by wire (6-3) with the negative pole of high-voltage DC power supply (5).
Fig. 3 is the corona electrode structural representation of electrostatic precipitator, and corona electrode (6-2) comprises corona wire support (6-21), corona wire (6-22).
Fig. 4 is the collecting plate structural representation of electrostatic precipitator, collecting plate (6-1).
Described system is when irradiation level is high, solar panel (1) via controller (2) realizes the output of the maximum power point of solar panel (1), it is high-voltage DC power supply (5) power supply that direct current is changed into alternating current through batteries (3), inverter (3) by controller (2) I tunnel, it is electrostatic precipitator (6) power supply that the alternating current of input is changed into high voltage direct current by high-voltage DC power supply (5), same Time Controller (2) is for controlling the discharge and recharge of batteries (3), and unnecessary power storage is inner in batteries (3); Controller (2) II tunnel is through inverter (3), direct current being changed into alternating current is high-voltage DC power supply (5) power supply, corona wire (6-22) (i.e. discharge electrode) in electrostatic precipitator (6) discharges under highfield effect around, form gas ionization and charging particle, charged particle, by collecting plate (6-1) trapping, reaches dust removing effects; When irradiation level is low, when the generated energy of solar panel (1) can not satisfy the demands, controller (2) controls batteries (3) electric discharge, it is high-voltage DC power supply (5) power supply that the electric energy stored is passed through inverter (4) by batteries (3), form the electrostatic field of electrostatic precipitation, reach dust removing effects.The utility model structure is simple, power supply energy-saving environmental protection, and deduster mounting or dismounting are convenient, and manually can clear up the dust on collecting plate and corona wire, low cost of manufacture, efficiency of dust collection is high.

Claims (3)

1. a solar energy static dedusting device, it is characterized in that: comprise solar panel (1), controller (2), batteries (3), inverter (4), high-voltage DC power supply (5), electrostatic precipitator (6), solar panel (1) and controller (2), batteries (3), inverter (4) composition solar photovoltaic generation system, solar photovoltaic generation system is that whole system is powered, solar panel (1) via controller (2) I tunnel is connected with batteries (3), the output of batteries (3) is connected with the input port of inverter (4), controller (2) II tunnel is connected with the input port of inverter (4), the output of inverter (4) is connected with the input port of high-voltage DC power supply (5), and the positive and negative electrode of high-voltage DC power supply (5) output port is connected with the colelctor electrode of electrostatic precipitator (6), discharge electrode respectively.
2. a kind of solar energy static dedusting device according to claims 1, is characterized in that: described electrostatic precipitator (6) comprises collecting plate (6-1), corona electrode (6-2), corona wire support (6-21), corona wire (6-22) and wire (6-3); Described collecting plate (6-1) and level (6-2) the nested placement of corona electricity, centered by collecting plate (6-1), corona wire (6-22) and collecting plate (6-1) are evenly arranged; Collecting plate (6-1) (also known as the colelctor electrode) of described electrostatic precipitator (6) is connected by wire (6-3) with the positive pole of high-voltage DC power supply (5), and corona wire (6-22) (also known as the discharge electrode) of electrostatic precipitator (6) is connected by wire (6-3) with the negative pole of high-voltage DC power supply (5).
3. a kind of solar energy static dedusting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: collecting plate (6-1) is snowflake shape structure, adopt the flat board of six pieces of Y shape shapes, centered by the lower end of Y shape flat board, six pieces of plate weldings are got up, the overall collecting plate forming snowflake shape; Corona electrode (6-2) is radial structure.
CN201520359147.XU 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 A kind of solar energy static dedusting device Expired - Fee Related CN204685293U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105737346A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-06 李渊 Novel air purifying system
CN109248786A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-22 苏州科技大学 A kind of atmosphere suspended particulate collection device
CN109529564A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-29 西安鼎研科技股份有限公司 A kind of device and method being able to achieve atmosphere VOCs improvement using the sun

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105737346A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-06 李渊 Novel air purifying system
CN105737346B (en) * 2016-04-26 2019-01-25 李渊 A kind of novel air purification system
CN109248786A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-22 苏州科技大学 A kind of atmosphere suspended particulate collection device
CN109529564A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-29 西安鼎研科技股份有限公司 A kind of device and method being able to achieve atmosphere VOCs improvement using the sun

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Granted publication date: 20151007

Termination date: 20160529