CN204675945U - Desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system - Google Patents

Desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204675945U
CN204675945U CN201520348362.XU CN201520348362U CN204675945U CN 204675945 U CN204675945 U CN 204675945U CN 201520348362 U CN201520348362 U CN 201520348362U CN 204675945 U CN204675945 U CN 204675945U
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China
Prior art keywords
desulfurization wastewater
reverse osmosis
osmosis desalination
wastewater zero
zero discharging
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CN201520348362.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘进
李宏秀
秦树篷
周保卫
潘旗
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Huadian Water Engineering Co., Ltd.
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HUADIAN WATER ENGINEERING Co Ltd
CHINA HUADIAN ENGINEERING (GROUP) Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/131Reverse-osmosis

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, comprise: the first reaction tank be communicated with successively, the second reaction tank, tubular ultra-filtration membrane device, Na-ion exchanger, nano filter membrance device, reverse osmosis desalination device, vaporizer, whizzer and siccative, also comprise freezing denitrification apparatus, freezing denitrification apparatus is connected with nano filter membrance device.Water in desulfurization wastewater can be separated re-using by the utility model, become life, industrial used water, other impurity in desulfurization wastewater is separated in solid form, the pollutent harmful to physical environment can not be produced, the problem of desulfurization wastewater environmental pollution can be solved thoroughly.

Description

Desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system
Technical field
The utility model relates to field of industrial waste water treatment, particularly relates to a kind of desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system.
Background technology
The country of China's to be one with coal be main energy sources, coal fired power generation is one of most important approach of utilizing of coal in China.According to the national conditions of China, 21st century coal fired power generation will occupy an leading position.In numerous atmospheric polluting materials of fossil-fired unit discharge, SO 2and dust is comparatively large to the harm of environment, is the principal pollutant that will control.Along with progress and the expanding economy of society, thermal power plant has been subject to the common concern of people to the pollution of atmospheric environment, and therefore effectively reducing pollutant emission to reduce the impact of environment is the severe challenge that China's energy field Sustainable development faces.
At present, existing flue gas desulfurization technique comprises wet desulphurization and dry desulfurization etc.Wherein the utilization of Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization Technique is the most extensive.Wet process of FGD is the technical process that current about 85% large thermal power plant in the world adopts.Wet method fume desulfurizing system waste water due to mercury, lead, nickel, arsenic and chromium heavy metal ion content higher, the harm of directly discharge is very large, and general chemistry treatment process is too complicated again, and needs constantly to add pharmaceutical chemicals, labor intensive.Based on this, reduce the pollution of desulfurization wastewater to environment and become problem demanding prompt solution.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is, a kind of desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system is provided, the pollution of desulfurization wastewater to environment can be reduced, by water from wherein separating re-using, to wherein separate in solid form remaining impurity etc., realize the zero release of pollutent, thoroughly solve the problem of desulfurization wastewater environmental pollution.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, comprise: the first reaction tank be communicated with successively, the second reaction tank, tubular ultra-filtration membrane device, Na-ion exchanger, nano filter membrance device, reverse osmosis desalination device, vaporizer, whizzer and siccative, also comprise freezing denitrification apparatus, freezing denitrification apparatus is connected with nano filter membrance device.
Native system have selected chemical dosing and softens and tube type filter membrance treatment process.Tube type filter membrance is wherein the most critical part of present treatment technique, carries to replace settling tank and do solid-liquid separation and reclaim nanofiltration device to the back-end, carry the dual-use function of qualified water inlet.For follow-up Zero discharging system is served, and here because the rate of recovery that the technique adding tubular membrane solid-liquid separation can significantly improve nanofiltration is softened in chemical dosing, cost and working cost can be reduced significantly.Select the special microfiltration membrane of waste water, polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) material, anti-oxidant, strong acid-base resistance, rub resistance, easy to clean.Microfiltration membrane adopts special process manufacture, and surfacing is smooth, microporosity is high, normally can run, there will not be filter membrane to break, particle penetration phenomenon under the surge pressure of 100 pounds, and work-ing life can reach more than 5 years.
In addition, tubular membrane is different from other micro-filtrations or ultra-filtration membrane, its adopt cross-current flow run, run and recoil time and anhydrous loss.Therefore, in fact almost can obtain the rate of recovery of 100%, after nearly all water inlet being filtered by tube type filter membrance, be sent to reverse osmosis units.
Present design adopts filtering accuracy to be that the tubular type microfiltration systems of 0.1 μm is as the pre-treatment of reverse osmosis, greatly shorten and simplify technical process, decrease system footprint area, improve the rate of recovery of reverse osmosis system, and effectively extend the work-ing life of reverse osmosis system.
Compared to other micro-filtrations or hyperfiltration membrane assembly, tube type filter membrance has that intensity is good, the cleaning of rub resistance, resisting high-concentration medicament, can steady running under high suspended sediment concentration, the premium propertiess such as influent quality fluctuation can be tolerated.
In aforesaid desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, be provided with thickener between the second reaction tank and tubular ultra-filtration membrane device, also comprise the dewatering unit be communicated with thickener, dewatering unit is connected with mud discharging device.
In aforesaid desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, also comprise cartridge filter, cartridge filter is arranged between reverse osmosis desalination device and nano filter membrance device, and cartridge filter is connected with nano filter membrance device with reverse osmosis desalination device.
In aforesaid desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, be provided with dense water tank between reverse osmosis desalination device and vaporizer, dense water tank is connected with vaporizer with reverse osmosis desalination device, and dense water tank is connected with Na-ion exchanger.
In aforesaid desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, vaporizer comprises the falling-film evaporator and mechanical steam recompression device that are interconnected, and falling-film evaporator is connected with reverse osmosis desalination device, and mechanical steam recompression device is connected with whizzer.
Compared with prior art, water in desulfurization wastewater can be separated re-using by the utility model, become life, industrial used water, other impurity in desulfurization wastewater is separated in solid form, the pollutent harmful to physical environment can not be produced, the problem of desulfurization wastewater environmental pollution can be solved thoroughly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the present utility model.
Reference numeral: the dense pond of 1-desulfurization wastewater, 2-first reaction tank, 3-second reaction tank, 4-thickener, 5-tubular ultra-filtration membrane device, 6-neutralization tank, 7-Na-ion exchanger, 8-well heater, 9-nano filter membrance device, the freezing denitrification apparatus of 10-, is produced from pond in 11-nanofiltration, 12-first lift pump, 13-cartridge filter, 14-reverse osmosis desalination device, the dense water tank of 15-, 16-second lift pump, 17-falling-film evaporator, 18-mechanical steam recompression device, 19-whizzer, 20-drying machine, 21-dewatering unit, 22-mud discharging device.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further described.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1 of the present utility model: as shown in Figure 1, the invention also discloses a kind of desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, comprise: the first reaction tank 2, second reaction tank 3, tubular ultra-filtration membrane device 5, Na-ion exchanger 7, nano filter membrance device 9, reverse osmosis desalination device 14, vaporizer, whizzer 19 and the drying machine 20 that are communicated with successively, also comprise freezing denitrification apparatus 10, freezing denitrification apparatus 10 is connected with nano filter membrance device 9.
Be provided with thickener 4 between second reaction tank 3 and tubular ultra-filtration membrane device 5, also comprise the dewatering unit 21 be communicated with thickener 4, dewatering unit 21 is connected with mud discharging device 22.
Also comprise cartridge filter 13, cartridge filter 13 is arranged between reverse osmosis desalination device 14 and nano filter membrance device 9, and cartridge filter 13 is connected with nano filter membrance device 9 with reverse osmosis desalination device 14.
Be provided with dense water tank 15 between reverse osmosis desalination device 14 and vaporizer, dense water tank 15 is connected with vaporizer with reverse osmosis desalination device 14, and dense water tank 15 is connected with Na-ion exchanger 7.
Vaporizer comprises the falling-film evaporator 17 and mechanical steam recompression device 18 that are interconnected, and falling-film evaporator 17 is connected with reverse osmosis desalination device 14, and mechanical steam recompression device 18 is connected with whizzer 19.
The principle of work of a kind of embodiment of the present utility model: first desulfurization wastewater enters the dense pond 1 of desulfurization wastewater, then through the first reaction tank 2, sodium hydroxide, magnesium salts and magnesium oxide is added in the first reaction tank 2, formed magnesium hydrate precipitate thing and with silicon co-precipitation, simultaneously add clorox for suppressing microbial growth; In the second reaction tank 3, add sodium carbonate and alkali (lime or sodium hydroxide), form precipitation of calcium carbonate; Then desulfurization wastewater flows in dense tank 4, and desulfurization wastewater fully precipitates in dense tank 4, and the impurity wherein after precipitation leads to dewatering unit 21, and dewatering unit 21 is discharged by mud discharging device 22 after dewatering to the impurity separated.By the wastewater streams of tubular ultra-filtration membrane device 5 to neutralization tank 6, ph balancing is carried out in neutralization tank 6, then Na-ion exchanger 7 is flowed to, Na-ion exchanger 7 removes all non-univalent anions (having fouling tendency ion) in waste water, then after well heater 8 preheats, nano filter membrance device 9 is led to, nano filter membrance device 9 can remove the solute of molecular size at 1 ran, after freezing denitrification apparatus 10 processes, Disodium sulfate decahydrate crystal is formed by the solute that nano filter membrance device 9 is separated, mother liquor after adopting separating machine to be separated in Disodium sulfate decahydrate crystal is got back in nano filter membrance device 9 and is continued multi-cycle separation, highly purified Disodium sulfate decahydrate can be sold as industrial raw material.Is produced from pond 11 to nanofiltration by the wastewater streams of nano filter membrance device 9, then under the effect of the first lift pump 12, cartridge filter 13 is led to, cartridge filter 13 leads to the pre-treatment of reverse osmosis desalination device 14 as waste water, is separated by the fine particles of more than 1 degree in waste water.Through cartridge filter 13 waste water lead to reverse osmosis desalination device 14, reverse osmosis desalination device 14 by waste water 60% pure water separate, the pure water be separated as industry or domestic water recycle.First dense water tank 15 is led to by the high density sodium chloride solution of reverse osmosis desalination device 14, the sodium chloride solution of high density leads to falling-film evaporator 17 under the effect of the second lift pump 16, meanwhile, part high density sodium chloride solution flows to Na-ion exchanger 7, for regenerating sodium ion exchange bed.Water in concentrated sodium chloride solution is separated by falling-film evaporator 17, obtain the sodium chloride solution that concentration is higher, the sodium chloride solution that described concentration is higher under the effect of mechanical steam recompression device 18 is separated remaining most water, forms sodium-chlor crystallization; Under the effect of whizzer 19 and drying machine 20, sodium-chlor crystallization forms solid salt.Desulfurization wastewater through native system process can not arrange outward any waste water, has processed trade effluent up hill and dale.

Claims (5)

1. a desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system, it is characterized in that, comprise: the first reaction tank (2) be communicated with successively, the second reaction tank (3), tubular ultra-filtration membrane device (5), Na-ion exchanger (7), nano filter membrance device (9), reverse osmosis desalination device (14), vaporizer, whizzer (19) and drying machine (20), also comprise freezing denitrification apparatus (10), freezing denitrification apparatus (10) is connected with nano filter membrance device (9).
2. desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, thickener (4) is provided with between second reaction tank (3) and tubular ultra-filtration membrane device (5), also comprise the dewatering unit (21) be communicated with thickener (4), dewatering unit (21) is connected with mud discharging device (22).
3. desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise cartridge filter (13), cartridge filter (13) is arranged between reverse osmosis desalination device (14) and nano filter membrance device (9), and cartridge filter (13) is connected with nano filter membrance device (9) with reverse osmosis desalination device (14).
4. desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, dense water tank (15) is provided with between reverse osmosis desalination device (14) and vaporizer, dense water tank (15) is connected with vaporizer with reverse osmosis desalination device (14), and dense water tank (15) is connected with Na-ion exchanger (7).
5. desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, vaporizer comprises the falling-film evaporator (17) and mechanical steam recompression device (18) that are interconnected, falling-film evaporator (17) is connected with reverse osmosis desalination device (14), and mechanical steam recompression device (18) is connected with whizzer (19).
CN201520348362.XU 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 Desulfurization wastewater Zero discharging system Active CN204675945U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105174539A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-23 南通海容热能环境工程有限公司 Device for removing high valence ions in desulfurization wastewater of thermal power plant
CN105254106A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-20 中国华电工程(集团)有限公司 High-salt waste water zero emission and salt separation processing method and device
CN105347592A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-24 北京国电富通科技发展有限责任公司 Recycling zero-emission treatment process for desulfurization wastewater
CN105502783A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-20 广东创源节能环保有限公司 Method and device for achieving wastewater zero discharging through membrane method smoke treatment and wet desulphurization
CN105565573A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 Device and method for desulfurization waste water zero discharge treatment
CN105621775A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-06-01 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 Novel desulfurated wastewater zero-emission treatment device and method
CN105668860A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-15 武汉尚远环保技术有限公司 Desulfurization wastewater zero-emission and resource comprehensive treatment recycling method and equipment
CN105712557A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-06-29 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 Desulfurization waste water zero discharging treatment device and method
CN105712559A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-29 北京朗新明环保科技有限公司南京分公司 Membrane treatment system and technology for desulfurization wastewater

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105174539A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-23 南通海容热能环境工程有限公司 Device for removing high valence ions in desulfurization wastewater of thermal power plant
CN105347592A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-24 北京国电富通科技发展有限责任公司 Recycling zero-emission treatment process for desulfurization wastewater
CN105254106A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-20 中国华电工程(集团)有限公司 High-salt waste water zero emission and salt separation processing method and device
CN105502783A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-20 广东创源节能环保有限公司 Method and device for achieving wastewater zero discharging through membrane method smoke treatment and wet desulphurization
CN105565573A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 Device and method for desulfurization waste water zero discharge treatment
CN105621775A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-06-01 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 Novel desulfurated wastewater zero-emission treatment device and method
CN105712557A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-06-29 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 Desulfurization waste water zero discharging treatment device and method
CN105565573B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-01-25 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 The device and method of desulfurization wastewater zero discharge treatment
CN105712557B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-01-25 大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司 A kind of desulfurization wastewater zero discharge treatment device and method
CN105668860A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-15 武汉尚远环保技术有限公司 Desulfurization wastewater zero-emission and resource comprehensive treatment recycling method and equipment
CN105712559A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-29 北京朗新明环保科技有限公司南京分公司 Membrane treatment system and technology for desulfurization wastewater
CN105712559B (en) * 2016-03-30 2019-09-10 北京朗新明环保科技有限公司南京分公司 A kind of desulfurization wastewater film processing system and technique

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Address after: 100160 Beijing, Fengtai District Automobile Museum Road, No. 6, Ying Kun century A block, floor 11

Patentee after: CHINA HUADIAN ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

Patentee after: Huadian Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100160 Beijing, Fengtai District Automobile Museum Road, No. 6, Ying Kun century A block, floor 11

Patentee before: China Huadian Engineering (Group) Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Huadian Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

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Effective date of registration: 20180509

Address after: 100070 313, room 2, 9 Haiying Road, Science City, Fengtai District, Beijing.

Patentee after: Huadian Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100160 Beijing Fengtai District Automobile Museum East Road 6 hospital, Ying Kun century A block 11.

Co-patentee before: Huadian Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: CHINA HUADIAN ENGINEERING CO., LTD.