CN204634327U - A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically - Google Patents

A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204634327U
CN204634327U CN201520190923.8U CN201520190923U CN204634327U CN 204634327 U CN204634327 U CN 204634327U CN 201520190923 U CN201520190923 U CN 201520190923U CN 204634327 U CN204634327 U CN 204634327U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
fixed
wheel
seeding machine
knife
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520190923.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵玉增
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TIANJIN SHUFENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN SHUFENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520190923.8U priority Critical patent/CN204634327U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204634327U publication Critical patent/CN204634327U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically, comprise frame, motor, ditcher mechanism, the first rotating shaft, spacing collar, the second rotating shaft and the 3rd rotating shaft, the below of frame is fixed with front wheel supporting and Rear wheel support, the output shaft of motor is provided with driving wheel, ditcher mechanism comprises ditching knife, fixed disk and cutter shaft, ditching knife comprises tool rest and cutter hub, is provided with blanking chamber between ditcher mechanism and covering device; The top in blanking chamber is fixed with hopper, and the sidewall outside hopper is fixed with buzzer, and the opposite side of the 3rd rotating shaft is provided with baffle plate, and the below of baffle plate is provided with photoelectric sensor.The utility model arranges photoelectric sensor in blanking chamber, can people be reminded in time to reseed; By the ditching knife of interlaced arrangement on fixed disk and the close fit of cutting grass knife with slant edge structure, avoid no-tillage seeding machine and be wound around by weeds or stalk and cause mechanical breakdown in trench digging process, be conducive to carrying out smoothly of no-tillage seeding machine operation.

Description

A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural plantation technology field, specifically a kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically.
Background technology
During traditional crop seeding, all often have a people in pit digging above, people's dibbling later, again earthing, speed is slow, workload is larger, and the seed sometimes put into is many, and the seed sometimes put into is few, make crops uneven, not only affect output, also waste seed, be unfavorable for the plantation on a large scale of crops.Along with the development in epoch, except mechanization production estimation, use machine to carry out pit digging, people, in dibbling below, even to this day, has occurred that a lot of different machine can reach the effect of dibbling very easily, at present, no-tillage seeding machine can directly be sowed because of it, eliminate the link of the cultivated rake to soil, and, no-tillage seeding machine area of breaking ground is little, not spoiled soil topsoil, be conducive to the maintenance of soil moisture content, more and more be subject to the welcome of vast farmers friend, but, in actual use, but there are some problems in no-tillage seeding machine, especially the ditching knife on current no-tillage seeding machine is easy to be wound around by stalk and weeds, cause sower fault rate higher, also very serious to the wearing and tearing of cutter, greatly have impact on the operating efficiency of no-tillage seeding machine, constrain the popularization of no-tillage seeding machine.
Summary of the invention
It is simple that the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of structure, and automatic no-tillage seeding machine easy to use, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically, comprise frame, motor, ditcher mechanism, first rotating shaft, spacing collar, second rotating shaft and the 3rd rotating shaft, the below of frame is fixed with front wheel supporting and Rear wheel support, front wheel supporting has front-wheel, Rear wheel support has trailing wheel, the central shaft of front-wheel is coaxially arranged with driven pulley, the output shaft of motor is provided with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley by belt, motor cabinet is provided with directly over front-wheel, motor is fixed on motor cabinet, ditcher mechanism is located at after front-wheel, ditcher mechanism comprises ditching knife, fixed disk and cutter shaft, ditching knife comprises tool rest and cutter hub, angle between tool rest and cutter hub is 170 °, tool rest be bolted with price fixing, and adjacent two ditching knifes are fixedly installed on the two sides of fixed disk respectively, adjacent ditching knife forms two surfacess of revolution parallel to each other when rotated, between adjacent fixed disk, anti-tangle winding board is set, and anti-tangle winding board take cutter shaft as axle center becomes Spiral distribution, with the direction of advance of sower for front, the cutting grass knife in order to guillotine cutting weeds and stalk is provided with at the rear of ditching knife, cutting grass knife is made up of cutter hub and tool rest, tool rest is fixedly installed on connecting plate, cutter hub is divided into upper and lower, top is rectangle, bottom is right-angled trapezium, trapezoidal hypotenuse is towards ditching knife direction, cutter hub edge is in the gap of two surfacess of revolution formed by the ditching knife of fixed disk both sides, and cutting grass knife cutter hub edge has blade, be provided with covering device after ditcher mechanism, between ditcher mechanism and covering device, be provided with blanking chamber, the top in blanking chamber is fixed with hopper, sidewall outside hopper is fixed with buzzer, the central shaft of trailing wheel is coaxially arranged with trailing wheel rotating disk, trailing wheel rotating disk is fixed with semi-cylindrical hill, Rear wheel support is fixed with motion bar by the first rotating shaft, motion bar is L shape structure, and the end points of lower end goes out to be fixedly welded with an orbicule, motion bar is slidably connected in frame by spacing collar, the below of spacing collar is provided with back-moving spring, and back-moving spring is coiled on motion bar, the upper end of motion bar is connected with connecting rod by the second rotating shaft, connecting rod is fixed on the sidewall in blanking chamber by the 3rd rotating shaft, the opposite side of the 3rd rotating shaft is provided with baffle plate, the below of baffle plate is provided with photoelectric sensor.
As further program of the utility model: described orbicule is positioned at protruding place circumferentially, and the cambered surface of projection contacts with orbicule.
As the utility model further scheme: the cross section of described baffle plate and the cross section in blanking chamber are circle, and the cross-sectional diameter of striker plate 1-3mm less of the cross-sectional diameter in blanking chamber.
As the utility model further scheme: the central axes of described baffle plate and the 3rd rotating shaft, and baffle plate and connecting rod are in same plane.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model arranges photoelectric sensor in blanking chamber, and when not having seed to fall, buzzer can be reported to the police, and prompting does not have seed to fall in soil, can reseed in time; Plough and covering device is provided with in device, convenient when making sowing, save manpower, reduce the cost of sowing; By the ditching knife of interlaced arrangement on fixed disk and the close fit of cutting grass knife with slant edge structure, avoid no-tillage seeding machine and be wound around by weeds or stalk and cause mechanical breakdown in trench digging process, be conducive to carrying out smoothly of no-tillage seeding machine operation; Trailing wheel is connected to motion bar, make blanking in blanking chamber evenly, save material kind, reduce planting cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of automatic no-tillage seeding machine;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of ditching knife and cutter shaft in automatic no-tillage seeding machine;
In figure: 1-frame, 2-motor, 3-front-wheel, 4-trailing wheel, 5-ditching knife, 6-fixed disk, 7-cutter shaft, 8-cutting grass knife, 9-dead lever, 10-hopper, 11-covering device, 12-driving wheel, 13-driven pulley, 14-belt, 15-motor cabinet, 16-front wheel supporting, 17-trailing wheel rotating disk, 18-is protruding, 19-orbicule, 20-first rotating shaft, 21-motion bar, 22-buzzer, 23-back-moving spring, 24-spacing collar, 25-second rotating shaft, 26-the 3rd rotating shaft, 27-connecting rod, 28-blanking chamber, 29-photoelectric sensor, 30-baffle plate, 31-Rear wheel support, the anti-tangle winding board of 601-, 801-top, 802-bottom.
Embodiment
Be described in more detail below in conjunction with the technical scheme of embodiment to this patent.
Refer to Fig. 1-2, a kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically, comprise frame 1, motor 2, ditcher mechanism, the first rotating shaft, 20, spacing collar 24, second rotating shaft 25 and the 3rd rotating shaft 26, the below of described frame 1 is fixed with front wheel supporting 16 and Rear wheel support 31, front wheel supporting 16 has front-wheel 3, and Rear wheel support 31 has trailing wheel 4, and the central shaft of described front-wheel 3 is coaxially arranged with driven pulley 13, the output shaft of described motor 2 is provided with driving wheel 12, described driving wheel 12 is connected with driven pulley 13 by belt 14, is provided with motor cabinet 15 directly over described front-wheel 3, and motor 2 is fixed on motor cabinet 15, described ditcher mechanism is located at after front-wheel 3, described ditcher mechanism comprises ditching knife 5, fixed disk 6 and cutter shaft 7, ditching knife 4 comprises tool rest and cutter hub, angle between tool rest and cutter hub is 170 °, tool rest be bolted with price fixing 6, and adjacent two ditching knifes 5 are fixedly installed on the two sides of fixed disk 6 respectively, adjacent ditching knife 5 forms two surfacess of revolution parallel to each other when rotated, between adjacent fixed disk 6, anti-tangle winding board 601 is set, and anti-tangle winding board 601 with cutter shaft 7 for axle center become Spiral distribution, with the direction of advance of sower for front, the cutting grass knife 8 in order to guillotine cutting weeds and stalk is provided with at the rear of ditching knife 5, cutting grass knife 8 is made up of cutter hub and tool rest, tool rest is fixedly installed on connecting plate 9, described cutter hub is divided into top 801 and bottom 802, top 801 is rectangle, bottom 802 is right-angled trapezium, trapezoidal hypotenuse is towards ditching knife 5 direction, described cutter hub edge is in the gap of two surfacess of revolution formed by the ditching knife 5 of fixed disk 6 both sides, and cutting grass knife 8 cutter hub edge has blade.
Be provided with covering device 711 after described ditcher mechanism, between described ditcher mechanism and covering device 11, be provided with blanking chamber 28, the top in described blanking chamber 28 is fixed with hopper 10, sidewall outside described hopper 10 is fixed with buzzer 22, the central shaft of described trailing wheel 4 is coaxially arranged with trailing wheel rotating disk 13, described trailing wheel rotating disk 13 is fixed with semi-cylindrical hill 14, described Rear wheel support 31 is fixed with motion bar 21 by the first rotating shaft 20, described motion bar 21 is L shape structure, and the end points of lower end goes out to be fixedly welded with an orbicule 19, described orbicule 19 is positioned at protruding 18 places circumferentially, and the cambered surface of protruding 18 contacts with orbicule 19, when trailing wheel is when rotating, semi-cylindrical hill 18 rotates with trailing wheel rotating disk 17, when arriving orbicule 19 position, orbicule 19 slides with protruding 18, motion bar 21 rotates around the first rotating shaft 20, described motion bar 21 is slidably connected in frame 1 by spacing collar 24, the below of spacing collar 24 is provided with back-moving spring 23, and back-moving spring 23 is coiled on motion bar 21, the upper end of described motion bar 21 is connected with connecting rod 27 by the second rotating shaft 25, described connecting rod 27 is fixed on the sidewall in blanking chamber 28 by the 3rd rotating shaft 26, the opposite side of described 3rd rotating shaft 26 is provided with baffle plate 30, the cross section of described baffle plate 30 and the cross section in blanking chamber 28 are circle, and the cross-sectional diameter of striker plate 30 1-3mm less of the cross-sectional diameter in blanking chamber 28, the central axes of described baffle plate 30 and the 3rd rotating shaft 26, and baffle plate 30 and connecting rod 27 are in same plane, motion bar 21 rotates, stretching back-moving spring 23, by the second rotating shaft 25, connecting rod 27 is rotated around the 3rd rotating shaft 26, 3rd rotating shaft 26 is rotated, baffle plate 30 is driven to rotate around the 3rd rotating shaft 26, baffle plate 26 reserves space for blanking in blanking chamber 28, the below of described baffle plate 30 is provided with photoelectric sensor 29.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: motor 2 drives front-wheel 3 to run forward, the cutter shaft 7 of ditcher mechanism rotates, ditching knife 5 is in the process rotating trench digging, the weeds routed up and stalk at ditching knife 5 with under the interaction of cutting grass knife 8, chopped off, shredded, thus avoid the winding to cutter shaft 7 and ditching knife 5 of weeds or stalk, considerably reduce the fault that therefore no-tillage seeding machine causes, be conducive to the carrying out of operation, material kind is fallen by blanking chamber 28 after trench digging, through covering device 11, material kind is being buried, in blanking process, rear wheel, semi-cylindrical hill 18 rotates with trailing wheel rotating disk 17, when arriving orbicule 19 position, orbicule 19 slides with protruding 18, motion bar 21 rotates around the first rotating shaft 20, motion bar 21 rotates, stretching back-moving spring 23, by the second rotating shaft 25, connecting rod 27 is rotated around the 3rd rotating shaft 26, 3rd rotating shaft 26 is rotated, baffle plate 30 is driven to rotate around the 3rd rotating shaft 26, baffle plate 26 reserves space for blanking in blanking chamber 28, when blanking chamber 28 does not expect that kind falls, photoelectric sensor 29 will send signal, buzzer 22 is made to send buzzing, alert, place broadcast leakage seed.
Above the better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art possesses, can also makes a variety of changes under the prerequisite not departing from this patent aim.

Claims (4)

1. an automatic no-tillage seeding machine, comprise frame, motor, ditcher mechanism, first rotating shaft, spacing collar, second rotating shaft and the 3rd rotating shaft, it is characterized in that, the below of frame is fixed with front wheel supporting and Rear wheel support, front wheel supporting has front-wheel, Rear wheel support has trailing wheel, the central shaft of front-wheel is coaxially arranged with driven pulley, the output shaft of motor is provided with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley by belt, motor cabinet is provided with directly over front-wheel, motor is fixed on motor cabinet, ditcher mechanism is located at after front-wheel, ditcher mechanism comprises ditching knife, fixed disk and cutter shaft, ditching knife comprises tool rest and cutter hub, angle between tool rest and cutter hub is 170 °, tool rest be bolted with price fixing, and adjacent two ditching knifes are fixedly installed on the two sides of fixed disk respectively, adjacent ditching knife forms two surfacess of revolution parallel to each other when rotated, between adjacent fixed disk, anti-tangle winding board is set, and anti-tangle winding board take cutter shaft as axle center becomes Spiral distribution, with the direction of advance of sower for front, the cutting grass knife in order to guillotine cutting weeds and stalk is provided with at the rear of ditching knife, cutting grass knife is made up of cutter hub and tool rest, tool rest is fixedly installed on connecting plate, cutter hub is divided into upper and lower, top is rectangle, bottom is right-angled trapezium, trapezoidal hypotenuse is towards ditching knife direction, cutter hub edge is in the gap of two surfacess of revolution formed by the ditching knife of fixed disk both sides, and cutting grass knife cutter hub edge has blade, be provided with covering device after ditcher mechanism, between ditcher mechanism and covering device, be provided with blanking chamber, the top in blanking chamber is fixed with hopper, sidewall outside hopper is fixed with buzzer, the central shaft of trailing wheel is coaxially arranged with trailing wheel rotating disk, trailing wheel rotating disk is fixed with semi-cylindrical hill, Rear wheel support is fixed with motion bar by the first rotating shaft, motion bar is L shape structure, and the end points of lower end goes out to be fixedly welded with an orbicule, motion bar is slidably connected in frame by spacing collar, the below of spacing collar is provided with back-moving spring, and back-moving spring is coiled on motion bar, the upper end of motion bar is connected with connecting rod by the second rotating shaft, connecting rod is fixed on the sidewall in blanking chamber by the 3rd rotating shaft, the opposite side of the 3rd rotating shaft is provided with baffle plate, the below of baffle plate is provided with photoelectric sensor.
2. automatic no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described orbicule is positioned at protruding place circumferentially, and the cambered surface of projection contacts with orbicule.
3. automatic no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the cross section of described baffle plate and the cross section in blanking chamber are circle, and the cross-sectional diameter of striker plate 1-3mm less of the cross-sectional diameter in blanking chamber.
4. automatic no-tillage seeding machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the central axes of described baffle plate and the 3rd rotating shaft, and baffle plate and connecting rod are in same plane.
CN201520190923.8U 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically Expired - Fee Related CN204634327U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520190923.8U CN204634327U (en) 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520190923.8U CN204634327U (en) 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine automatically

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108112307A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-05 信阳师范学院 A kind of tea seed seeding apparatus
CN109479420A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-19 武威天牧草业发展有限公司 A kind of Alfalfa seeder

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108112307A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-05 信阳师范学院 A kind of tea seed seeding apparatus
CN109479420A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-19 武威天牧草业发展有限公司 A kind of Alfalfa seeder

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150916

Termination date: 20190401

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee