CN204619705U - A kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204619705U
CN204619705U CN201520344220.6U CN201520344220U CN204619705U CN 204619705 U CN204619705 U CN 204619705U CN 201520344220 U CN201520344220 U CN 201520344220U CN 204619705 U CN204619705 U CN 204619705U
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gas
air
ventilation air
air inlet
communicated
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CN201520344220.6U
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裴攀道
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BEIJING YONDER ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING YONDER ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus, comprises oxidation furnace body, and oxidation furnace bodies top is provided with even inlet box, burner hearth zoneofoxidation, storage heater, cyclone and heater successively to bottom; Even inlet box is provided with the first air inlet, and oxidation furnace body lower part is provided with the second air inlet, and the first air inlet is all communicated with ventilation air gas admission line by valve with the second air inlet; In burner hearth zoneofoxidation, perpendicular separation is laid with many gas airflow lines, and the upper end of gas airflow line is communicated with described even inlet box; Storage heater is positioned at gas air-flow lower end of duct; The sidewall on burner hearth zoneofoxidation top is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and the gap between exhanst gas outlet and many gas airflow lines in burner hearth zoneofoxidation is communicated with; Heat exchanger is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe that is communicated with exhanst gas outlet.The utility model device can continuity and realize gas oxidation fast, and reach accumulation of heat many, weary wind oxidization time is long, and efficiency is high, and adjustment is steady, and heat exchange rapidly, puies forward high-power object.

Description

A kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus, belongs to ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus field.
Background technology
" weary wind " also known as " colliery wind resource assessment ", refer to methane concentration lower than 0.75% coal mine gas.According to the statistics made by the departments concerned, the methane that China enters air by weary wind is every year equivalent to the transfering natural gas from the west to the east displacement of 1 year, and the greenhouse gases effect of generation is about 200,000,000 tons of CO2 equivalents.Although wind resource assessment concentration is extremely low, total amount is huge especially, and contained methane accounts for the discharge capacity of 81%, 1 year of China's coal-mine mash gas methane total amount more than 150 billion cubic meters.
Present stage weary wind oxidation boiler many employings steel make, and also need to increase a large amount of storage heaters and powerful heating element heater, cost is very high, runs and is limited by storage heater, cause power very little, can not realize being oxidized fast continuously, cannot reach actual application.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus, overcomes weary wind oxidation boiler cost in prior art high, is difficult to realize continuously oxidizing process fast, the defect of practical application.
The technical scheme that the utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus, comprise oxidation furnace body and heat exchanger, described oxidation furnace bodies top is provided with even inlet box, burner hearth zoneofoxidation, storage heater, cyclone and heater successively to bottom;
Described even inlet box is provided with the first air inlet, and described oxidation furnace body lower part is provided with the second air inlet, and described first air inlet is all communicated with ventilation air gas admission line by valve with the second air inlet; In described burner hearth zoneofoxidation, perpendicular separation is laid with many gas airflow lines, and the upper end of described gas airflow line is communicated with described even inlet box; Described storage heater is positioned at described gas air-flow lower end of duct; The sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation top is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and the gap between described exhanst gas outlet with the described gas airflow line of many in described burner hearth zoneofoxidation is communicated with; Described heat exchanger is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe that is communicated with described exhanst gas outlet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: because the utility model is provided with the second air inlet at oxidation furnace body lower part, bottom is provided with heater, startup stage can by the ramp case of heating devices heat, ceramic vortex flow device, progressively pass into ventilation air gas, reach the effect that start-up temperature is accelerated, the energy ezpenditure startup stage of saving; After burner hearth zoneofoxidation temperature reaches start-up temperature, close the second air inlet, ventilation air gas is passed into by the first air inlet, ventilation air gas carries out final exhaustive oxidation through the space that cyclone enters between many gas airflow lines after arriving storage heater after the hot ventilation air gas heat exchange between many gas airflow lines and many gas airflow lines, arrive after heat exchanger carries out heat exchange and discharge, this process can continuity and realize fast gas oxidation, reach accumulation of heat many, adjustment is steady, heat exchange is rapid, puies forward high-power object.
On the basis of technique scheme, the utility model can also do following improvement.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, described ventilation air gas admission line comprises ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline, the first ventilation air gas air intake branch road and the second ventilation air gas air intake branch road;
Along the second bye-pass of the first bye-pass that airflow direction is provided with air inlet Electrically operated gate successively, sky Electrically operated gate is joined in installation, booster fan, installation air inlet safety relief valve on described ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline; The one end in described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road and the second ventilation air gas air intake branch road is all communicated with described ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline one end; The described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road other end is communicated with described first air inlet; The described second ventilation air gas air intake branch road other end is communicated with described second air inlet.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road is provided with air inlet pressure regulator valve; Described second ventilation air gas air intake branch road is provided with heat control valve.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, described first air inlet and the second air inlet are respectively two, respectively the corresponding both sides being located at even inlet box and oxidation furnace body lower part.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, described heater is electrical heating wire or electrically heated rod or gas heater.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, described exhanst gas outlet and heat exchanger are two, and described exhanst gas outlet is symmetricly set on the sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation top; Described heat exchanger is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe that is communicated with described exhanst gas outlet.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, described smoke discharging pipe is provided with smoke evacuation pressure relief valve.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, two described heat exchangers include inlet channel and supplying hot water or jet chimney, and described inlet channel is provided with heat exchanger intake gate; Described supplying hot water or jet chimney are provided with steam adjustment doors.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is adopted to be: high-temperature flue gas is heated by the cold water that can realize inlet channel passes into during heat exchanger, effectively utilizes heat energy.And owing to being arranged with exhanst gas outlet and heat exchanger on the sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation top, can judge whether the flue gas of exhanst gas outlet circulates smooth and easy according to the outlet temperature of heat exchanger or vapor (steam) temperature.
The utility model a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus described above, further, main wall body made by described oxidation furnace body refractory brick, and inwall is coated with high-temperature resistant water cement mortar.The utility model adopts oxidation furnace body refractory brick to make main wall body, and inwall is coated with high-temperature resistant water cement mortar, can reach the intensity of needs, and has the partial function of storage heater, reaches the object of operation fast and reduces cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus structural representation of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram at Figure 1A place.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1, air inlet Electrically operated gate, 2, join sky Electrically operated gate, 3, safety relief valve, 4, heat control valve, 5, smoke evacuation pressure relief valve, 6, air inlet pressure regulator valve, 7, even inlet box, 8, burner hearth zoneofoxidation, 9, storage heater, 10, cyclone, 11, heat exchanger, 12, heat exchanger intake gate, 13, steam adjustment doors, 14, heater, 15, booster fan, 16, oxidation furnace body, 17, first bye-pass, 18, second bye-pass, 19, ventilation air gas admission line, 191, ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline, 192, first ventilation air gas air intake branch road, 193 second ventilation air gas air intake branch roads, 20, first air inlet, 21, second air inlet, 22, gas airflow line, 23, exhanst gas outlet, 24, smoke discharging pipe, 25, gap between many described gas airflow lines.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described principle of the present utility model and feature below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example, only for explaining the utility model, is not intended to limit scope of the present utility model.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus of the utility model, comprise oxidation furnace body 16 and heat exchanger 11, described oxidation furnace body 16 top is provided with even inlet box 7, burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8, storage heater 9, cyclone 10 and heater 14 successively to bottom; Main wall body made by described oxidation furnace body 16 refractory brick, and inwall is coated with high-temperature resistant water cement mortar.Described heater 14 is electrical heating wire or electrically heated rod.Storage heater 9 described in the utility model specific implementation process is ceramic heat-storing device.Described cyclone 10 is wear-resistant ceramic cyclone.
Described even inlet box 7 is provided with the first air inlet 20, and described oxidation furnace body lower part is provided with the second air inlet 21, and described first air inlet 20 is all communicated with ventilation air gas admission line 19 by valve with the second air inlet 21; In described burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8, perpendicular separation is laid with many gas airflow lines 22, and the upper end of described gas airflow line 22 is communicated with described even inlet box 7; Described storage heater 9 is positioned at described gas airflow line 22 lower end; The sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8 top is provided with exhanst gas outlet 23, and the gap 25 between described exhanst gas outlet 23 with the described gas airflow line of many in described burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8 is communicated with; Described heat exchanger 11 is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe 24 that is communicated with described exhanst gas outlet 23; Described smoke discharging pipe 24 is provided with smoke evacuation pressure relief valve 5.
Described ventilation air gas admission line 19 comprises ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline 191, first ventilation air gas air intake branch road 192 and the second ventilation air gas air intake branch road 193; Along the second bye-pass 18 of the first bye-pass 17 that airflow direction is provided with air inlet Electrically operated gate 1 successively, sky Electrically operated gate 2 is joined in installation, booster fan 15, installation air inlet safety relief valve 3 on described ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline 191; The one end in described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road 192 and the second ventilation air gas air intake branch road 193 is all communicated with described ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline 191 one end; Described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road 192 other end is communicated with described first air inlet 20; Described second ventilation air gas air intake branch road 193 other end is communicated with described second air inlet 21.Described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road 192 is provided with air inlet pressure regulator valve 6; Described second ventilation air gas air intake branch road 193 is provided with heat control valve 4.
A kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus of the utility model, another kind of embodiment is: described first air inlet 20 and the second air inlet 21 are respectively two, respectively the corresponding both sides being located at even inlet box 7 and oxidation furnace body 16 bottom; Described exhanst gas outlet and heat exchanger 11 are two, and described exhanst gas outlet is symmetricly set on the sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation top; Described heat exchanger is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe that is communicated with described exhanst gas outlet.Two described heat exchangers include inlet channel and supplying hot water or jet chimney, and described inlet channel is provided with heat exchanger intake gate 12; Described supplying hot water or jet chimney are provided with steam adjustment doors 13.
The course of work of the present utility model:
1, by the heater of oxidation furnace body bottom portion, burner hearth is heated startup stage, according to the ramp case of ceramic vortex flow device 10, progressively by heat control valve 4, add ventilation air gas, reach the effect that start-up temperature is accelerated, the energy ezpenditure startup stage of saving;
2, burner hearth reach start temperature all after, close heat control valve 4, slow transit through air inlet pressure regulator valve 6 and pass into ventilation air gas, detect fire box temperature be slowly elevated to specified after progressively strengthen weary air quantity, finally reach even inlet box 7 four measuring point temperature, burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8 eight measuring points, wear-resistant ceramic cyclone four temperature points, all within rated range, now can increase and decrease boiler load as required.
The thermal decomposition process of ventilation air gas is: ventilation air gas is by the radiant heat of the even inlet box 7 of upper furnace, be preheating to 300 DEG C, enter in many gas airflow lines 22 in burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8 and progressively heat, 800 DEG C are reached when arriving wear-resistant ceramic storage heater 9 position again, go out wear-resistant ceramic accumulator outlet and reach 1000 DEG C, the ceramic deflector position finally entered in cyclone 10 continues maintenance 1200 DEG C of temperature mixed flows and thermal decomposition, the time of staying is no more than 1 second, backflow enters wear-resistant ceramic storage heater 9, final exhaustive oxidation is carried out in the gap 25 entered through between many gas airflow lines in burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8, arrived after heat exchanger 11 carries out heat exchange by the exhanst gas outlet 23 on the sidewall on burner hearth zoneofoxidation 8 top and discharged by smoke discharging pipe 24 again.Burner hearth zoneofoxidation, ceramic heat-storing device and ceramic vortex flow device temperature are regulated by air inlet pressure regulator valve 6 and heat control valve 4.This flow process adds preheating, adds the time of staying of ventilation air gas at boiler, carries out thermal oxide with sufficient temperature and time.
3, heat exchanger regulates outer thermal medium quality by valve 12 and valve 13.
4, pressure relief valve 5 of discharging fume prevents furnace pressure from suddenly raising and protects heat exchanger 11 to transship.
5, air inlet safety relief valve 3 prevent booster fan after pressure suddenly raise, namely prevent blast.
6, during shutdown of boiler, open and join sky Electrically operated gate 2, close air inlet Electrically operated gate 1, open wide air inlet pressure regulator valve 6, according to the temperature conditions of air inlet surge tank 7, progressively open heat control valve 4, cooling process is carried out to boiler; Progressively exit heat exchanger 11 to run simultaneously.
Air inlet Electrically operated gate 1 closes condition: concentration more than 1.5%, or needs to stop boiler operatiopn.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus, is characterized in that, comprises oxidation furnace body, heat exchanger, and described oxidation furnace bodies top is provided with even inlet box, burner hearth zoneofoxidation, storage heater, cyclone and heater successively to bottom;
Described even inlet box is provided with the first air inlet, and described oxidation furnace body lower part is provided with the second air inlet, and described first air inlet is all communicated with ventilation air gas admission line by valve with the second air inlet; In described burner hearth zoneofoxidation, perpendicular separation is laid with many gas airflow lines, and the upper end of described gas airflow line is communicated with described even inlet box; Described storage heater is positioned at described gas air-flow lower end of duct; The sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation top is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and the gap between described exhanst gas outlet with the described gas airflow line of many in described burner hearth zoneofoxidation is communicated with; Described heat exchanger is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe that is communicated with described exhanst gas outlet.
2. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described ventilation air gas admission line comprises ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline, the first ventilation air gas air intake branch road and the second ventilation air gas air intake branch road;
Along the second bye-pass of the first bye-pass that airflow direction is provided with air inlet Electrically operated gate successively, sky Electrically operated gate is joined in installation, booster fan, installation air inlet safety relief valve on described ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline; The one end in described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road and the second ventilation air gas air intake branch road is all communicated with described ventilation air gas air inlet main pipeline one end; The described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road other end is communicated with described first air inlet; The described second ventilation air gas air intake branch road other end is communicated with described second air inlet.
3. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described first ventilation air gas air intake branch road is provided with air inlet pressure regulator valve; Described second ventilation air gas air intake branch road is provided with heat control valve.
4. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described first air inlet and the second air inlet are respectively two, and described first air inlet respectively correspondence is located at even inlet box, and described second air inlet is the corresponding both sides being located at oxidation furnace body lower part respectively.
5. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, described heater is electrical heating wire or electrically heated rod.
6. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, described exhanst gas outlet and heat exchanger are two, and described exhanst gas outlet is symmetricly set on the sidewall on described burner hearth zoneofoxidation top; Described heat exchanger is arranged on the smoke discharging pipe that is communicated with described exhanst gas outlet.
7. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described smoke discharging pipe is provided with smoke evacuation pressure relief valve.
8. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 6, is characterized in that, two described heat exchangers include inlet channel and supplying hot water or jet chimney, and described inlet channel is provided with heat exchanger intake gate; Described supplying hot water or jet chimney are provided with steam adjustment doors.
9. a kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, main wall body made by described oxidation furnace body refractory brick, and inwall is coated with high-temperature resistant water cement mortar.
CN201520344220.6U 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 A kind of ventilation air methane oxidized apparatus Active CN204619705U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104906928A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-16 北京扬德环境科技股份有限公司 Ventilation air methane oxidation device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104906928A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-16 北京扬德环境科技股份有限公司 Ventilation air methane oxidation device
CN104906928B (en) * 2015-05-25 2017-02-01 北京扬德环境科技股份有限公司 Ventilation air methane oxidation device

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