CN204586537U - The full electric drive low speed tractor of extended-range - Google Patents

The full electric drive low speed tractor of extended-range Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204586537U
CN204586537U CN201520134077.8U CN201520134077U CN204586537U CN 204586537 U CN204586537 U CN 204586537U CN 201520134077 U CN201520134077 U CN 201520134077U CN 204586537 U CN204586537 U CN 204586537U
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China
Prior art keywords
cell
generator
drive motor
tractor truck
control
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Active
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CN201520134077.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张朝
贾凯
张睿娴
林泽野
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Haitong Kechuang (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.
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张睿娴
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility

Abstract

The utility model discloses the full electric drive low speed tractor of a kind of extended-range, comprise hybrid power control system and generator set at the control, two-way inverter, cell apparatus and drive motor; Under the control of hybrid power control system, powered to cell apparatus by generator set, by cell apparatus and/or generator set separately or jointly power to drive motor.The utility model has the advantage such as low energy consumption low stain, generator set long service life.

Description

The full electric drive low speed tractor of extended-range
[technical field]
The utility model relates to the full electric drive low speed tractor of a kind of extended-range.
[background technology]
The tractor truck that current harbour enterprise uses is all adopt pure diesel motor or pure LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas, liquefied natural gas) driving engine to provide power.But tractor truck is in terminal operation, can frequent unloaded, heavy duty starting, accelerate, suddenly to stop, start for a long time waits operation, mode of operation is various, complicated, therefore, can be there is following problem in existing tractor truck: 1) because tractor truck is when heavy duty starts to walk, demand power is higher, thus installed engine power configuration than normality power higher than several times, purchase cost, maintenance cost are high; 2) because installed engine power configuration is high, the power surplus when unloaded, underloading and cause that fuel economy is poor, heavy duty acceleration time underproof and cause over-emitting black exhaust contaminated environment; 3) because tractor truck needs long-time start to wait operation, traditional tractor truck is for meeting the need for electricity such as air-conditioning, headlight, and driving engine must be in operative condition, and oil and gas loss is serious.
[utility model content]
The utility model provides the full electric drive low speed tractor of a kind of extended-range, is intended to the problem such as the high pollution of high consumption, driving engine damage rate height solving existing tractor truck.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
The full electric drive low speed tractor of a kind of extended-range, comprises hybrid power control system and generator set at the control, two-way inverter, cell apparatus and drive motor; Described cell apparatus, for powering to described drive motor through described two-way inverter; Described generator set, for powering to described drive motor through described two-way inverter, also for powering to described cell apparatus through described two-way inverter; Described hybrid power control system, for detecting the mode of operation of tractor truck, judge the power stage needed for it, to control the mode of operation of described cell apparatus or described generator set, judge whether to start described generator set or battery pack is powered to described drive motor, also for detecting the state of described cell apparatus, to judge whether that starting described generator set powers to described cell apparatus.
The utility model, under the control of hybrid power control system, exports using cell apparatus as active force, in real time for tractor truck provides the mesh power needed for work to export; Generator set is that auxiliary power exports, and when cell apparatus electricity deficiency, is directly powered for drive motor and excess energy is given to batteries charging by it, or by its with cell apparatus jointly for drive motor is powered, to meet high power requirements; Namely by the switching of cell apparatus and generator set or use simultaneously, omnidistancely meet and mate tractor truck power demand;
Known, generator set starts work roughly under three circumstances, and first, when tractor truck has high power requirements; The second, for cell apparatus charge time; Three, when cell apparatus breaks down.Under normal circumstances, generator set can maintain best oil and gas economic zone all the time; In most time, be that drive motor is powered by cell apparatus, generator set is then in shutdown, idling or works in best oil and gas economic zone state, thus avoid traditional tractor truck power surplus that use driving engine causes when zero load, underloading and cause fuel economy poor, and heavy duty underproof and cause the problem of over-emitting black exhaust contaminated environment when accelerating, it also avoid traditional tractor truck whole process uses driving engine and causes the problem that generator set damage rate is high;
In sum, the utility model has the many advantages such as low energy consumption low stain, generator set long service life.
In order to further understand feature of the present utility model and technology contents, refer to following detailed description for the present invention and accompanying drawing, but accompanying drawing only provides reference and explanation use, is not used for being limited the present invention.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is each block diagram of the utility model car load in one embodiment;
Fig. 2 be the utility model in one embodiment Systematical control relation schematic diagram.
Name reference numerals
Hybrid power control system 1
Generator set 2
Engine parts 21
Generator component 22
Two-way inverter 3
Cell apparatus 4
Drive motor 5
[detailed description of the invention]
Tractor truck is in terminal operation, can be frequent unloaded, heavy duty starting, accelerate, suddenly stop, long-time start waits operation, mode of operation is various, complicated, various driving engine that turns to of this mode of operation brings larger challenge, not only easily reduce energy utilization rate, also easy generation driving engine is lost, reduce its work life, its maintenance cost of lifting etc., based on above or other all considerations, the utility model provides a kind of comparatively novel tractor truck, to address these problems, there is provided specific embodiment below, and be illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings, but it should be noted that, embodiment cited is below only in order to more clear and intuitive explanation the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage, and and be not used in restriction the utility model.
As Fig. 1,2, the full electric drive low speed tractor of a kind of extended-range, comprises hybrid power control system 1, generator set 2 (comprising engine parts 21 and generator component 22), two-way inverter 3, cell apparatus 4, drive motor 5; Wherein:
Hybrid power control system 1, as the central control system of tractor truck, control the mode of operation of generator set 2, two-way inverter 3, cell apparatus 4, drive motor 5, it detects the mode of operation of tractor truck, judge the power stage needed for tractor truck, use with the switching controlling generator set 2 and cell apparatus 4 or jointly use, and control cell apparatus 4 provides electric energy to produce the power stage matched needed for tractor truck work, to save energy consumption when cell apparatus 4 is powered; It also for monitoring the state such as voltage, electricity of cell apparatus 4, to control start and stop or the idling of generator set 2, making generator set 2 participate in power stage and charging to cell apparatus 4;
Cell apparatus 4, under the control of hybrid power control system 1, exports direct current (DC), and after two-way inverter 3 is converted into alternating current, powers to drive motor 5, run to order about drive motor 5; It should be noted that, the size of the power stage of this cell apparatus 4, controlled by hybrid power control system 1, hybrid power control system 1 checks the power needed for tractor truck, control cell apparatus 4 horsepower output according to monitoring result to mate with load demand power all the time, thus the energy utilization rate of cell apparatus 4 is maximized;
Generator set 2, under the control of hybrid power control system 1, is powered to drive motor 5 by two-way inverter 3, is also powered to cell apparatus 4 by two-way inverter 3; Engine parts 21 in this generator set 2 can be diesel oil, gasoline, combustion gas or other clean energy resource diesel engines.
Be appreciated that in hybrid power control system 1, cell apparatus 4 is the first priority, and generator set 2 is the second priority, when cell apparatus 4 does not have or can not power to drive motor 5, restarts generator set 2 and powers for drive motor 5.Namely, under the control of hybrid power control system 1, export using cell apparatus 4 as active force, in real time for tractor truck provides the mesh power needed for work to export, generator set 2 is that auxiliary power exports, and not enough or underproof is to drive tractor truck at cell apparatus 4 electricity, is directly powered for drive motor 5, or jointly powered for drive motor 5, to meet high power requirements by itself and cell apparatus 4 by it, which solves the problem that some are very important, such as: 1, as a rule, cell apparatus 4 is powered for drive motor 5, because cell apparatus 4 is under the control of hybrid power control system 1, all the time the power matched with drive motor 5 is exported, can adapt to the tractor truck various state such as zero load, time-out frequently efficiently, the degree of utilization of electric energy is high, farthest avoids traditional tractor truck and under idling and low-power consumption, still uses generator set work and the oil and gas loss that causes, 2, under the high power requirements of tractor truck, energy can be provided by generator set 2 and cell apparatus 4 simultaneously, solve the problem of single battery device or single generating set power deficiency, simultaneously, control cell apparatus 4 by hybrid power control system 1 and energy is provided, and control generator set 2 export rating horsepower under rated speed of rotation, make generator set 2 can always work in best oil and gas economic zone, improve the capacity usage ratio of generator set 2, it also avoid the mechanical wear of high power requirements to generator set 2, extend the service life of generator set 2, and when solving tractor truck heavy duty acceleration, the problem of over-emitting black exhaust contaminated environment is caused because single generating set power is not enough, also the acquisition cost of traditional tractor truck configuration high output engine is reduced apparently, 3, because tractor truck majority provides power by cell apparatus 4, generator set 2 is in shutdown, idling for a long time or works in best oil and gas economic zone state, engine parts 21 in it, generator component 22 extend service life further, decrease maintaining cost.
In the more excellent embodiment of the utility model one, hybrid power control system 1, when monitoring described tractor truck and being in the mode of operation slowed down or brake, starts braking energy feedback, controls cell apparatus 4 and reclaims the energy via two-way inverter 3, drive motor 5; Drive motor 5 slows down or brakes, and is reclaimed to cell apparatus 4 by the energy slowed down or brake via drive motor 5, two-way inverter 3.The energy in the past consumed by brake drum is fed back to cell apparatus 4 now, reclaims storage by cell apparatus 4, so as to reducing oil consumption, reduces brake wheel loss.
In the more excellent embodiment of the utility model one, generator set 2 under the control of hybrid power control system 1, also for powering to drive motor 5 through two-way inverter 3.
In the more excellent embodiment of the utility model one, cell apparatus 4 preferred lithium battery, iron cell, also can select other electrokinetic cells, the utility model does not do considered critical to it.
In the more excellent embodiment of the utility model one, also comprise charging craft port (not shown), it is electrically connected on cell apparatus 4, for setting up electrical connection between cell apparatus 4 and external electrical network, by the power delivery of external electrical network to cell apparatus 4.
In sum, the tractor truck that the utility model uses has that response is fast, the advantage of matched power demand, can meet low-speed heave-load in harbour completely, play the requirement of the peculiar operation road conditions such as braking is frequent, single continuative transport distance.
Described in detail with regard to several comparatively typical mode of operation of tractor truck now:
1, pure battery exports electric running pattern:
Drive motor 5 is given to by cell apparatus 4 outputting power; Even if when diesel engine breaks down, cell apparatus 4 also can provide the power supply of long period;
2, pure generator set 2 exports driving mode and charges:
Generator set 2 outputting power is given to drive motor 5, and generator set 2 maintains best fuel-economy district all the time, and excess energy is given to cell apparatus 4 by two-way inverter 3 charges, and this pattern can use when battery electric quantity is not enough;
3, pure generator set 2 exports driving mode:
When cell apparatus 4 breaks down or manually provide the order of pure generator set traveling, starter-generator group 2 is powered and is travelled;
4, double dynamical output electric running charging:
Under high power requirements, by outputting power while of cell apparatus 4 and generator set 2 to drive motor 5; The power demand of this pattern when the overload meeting tractor truck;
5, Brake energy recovery pattern:
When tractor truck braking brake, the energy in the past consumed by brake drum is fed back to cell apparatus 4 now, reclaims storage by cell apparatus 4, so as to reducing oil consumption, reduces brake wheel loss;
6, parking diesel powerplant charge mode:
When stopping, if battery electric quantity is not enough, can starter-generator group 2 charge to cell apparatus 4, avoiding because of battery supply feed damage battery;
7, extraneous charging plug charge mode:
Based on the price variance between domestic oily electricity, this hybrid power system reserves external charge function, if harbour field condition possesses, installs charging pile, can switch to all-electric pattern at any time.
Above-described the utility model embodiment, does not form the restriction to the utility model protection domain.Any do within spirit of the present utility model and principle amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within claims of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the full electric drive low speed tractor of extended-range, is characterized in that, comprises hybrid power control system and generator set at the control, two-way inverter, cell apparatus and drive motor;
Described cell apparatus, for powering to described drive motor through described two-way inverter;
Described generator set, for powering to described drive motor through described two-way inverter, also for powering to described cell apparatus through described two-way inverter;
Described hybrid power control system, for detecting the mode of operation of tractor truck, judge the power stage needed for it, to control the mode of operation of described cell apparatus or described generator set, judge whether to start described generator set or battery pack is powered to described drive motor, also for detecting the state of described cell apparatus, to judge whether that starting described generator set powers to described cell apparatus.
2. tractor truck according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hybrid power control system, when monitoring described tractor truck and being in the mode of operation slowed down or brake, starts braking energy feedback, controls described cell apparatus and reclaims the energy via described two-way inverter, drive motor.
3. tractor truck according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described generator set under the control of described hybrid power control system, also for powering to described drive motor through described two-way inverter.
4. the tractor truck according to claim 1,2 or 3, is characterized in that, described cell apparatus is lithium cell or iron cell.
5. the tractor truck according to claim 1,2 or 3, is characterized in that, also comprises charging craft port, and it is electrically connected on described cell apparatus, for carrying external power supply to described cell apparatus.
CN201520134077.8U 2015-03-09 2015-03-09 The full electric drive low speed tractor of extended-range Active CN204586537U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017041752A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 深圳市安顺节能科技发展有限公司 Intermittent operation continuous power supply diesel generator power saving system
WO2017041751A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 深圳市安顺节能科技发展有限公司 Extended range all-electric drive low-speed tractor
CN106740903A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 山东华车能源科技有限公司 High-power low-speed storage battery tractor Mechatronic control system
CN108189677A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-22 中山市榄商置业发展有限公司 A kind of new-energy automobile drive system
CN108657167A (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-16 比亚迪股份有限公司 The dynamical system and electricity-generating control method and hybrid vehicle of hybrid vehicle
CN108656933A (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-16 比亚迪股份有限公司 The dynamical system and electricity-generating control method and hybrid vehicle of hybrid vehicle
CN112060970A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-11 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 Energy supplement method and management system for battery-replacing type hybrid power vehicle

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017041752A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 深圳市安顺节能科技发展有限公司 Intermittent operation continuous power supply diesel generator power saving system
WO2017041751A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 深圳市安顺节能科技发展有限公司 Extended range all-electric drive low-speed tractor
US9868356B2 (en) 2015-09-11 2018-01-16 Shenzhen Anshun Energy-Saving Technology Development Co., Ltd Extended-range full-electric low-speed tractor
EP3348436A4 (en) * 2015-09-11 2018-10-03 Shenzhen Anshun Energy-Saving Technology Development Co., Ltd. Extended range all-electric drive low-speed tractor
CN106740903A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 山东华车能源科技有限公司 High-power low-speed storage battery tractor Mechatronic control system
CN108657167A (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-16 比亚迪股份有限公司 The dynamical system and electricity-generating control method and hybrid vehicle of hybrid vehicle
CN108656933A (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-16 比亚迪股份有限公司 The dynamical system and electricity-generating control method and hybrid vehicle of hybrid vehicle
CN108656933B (en) * 2017-03-31 2020-09-15 比亚迪股份有限公司 Power system and power generation control method of hybrid electric vehicle and hybrid electric vehicle
CN108657167B (en) * 2017-03-31 2020-11-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Power system and power generation control method of hybrid electric vehicle and hybrid electric vehicle
CN108189677A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-22 中山市榄商置业发展有限公司 A kind of new-energy automobile drive system
CN112060970A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-11 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 Energy supplement method and management system for battery-replacing type hybrid power vehicle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
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Effective date of registration: 20180404

Address after: 518000 District C, TCL Industrial Park, 1055 TCL Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shekou street, Nanshan District

Patentee after: SHENZHEN ANSHUN ENERGY SAVING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

Address before: 518000, room 8, building 818, China Merchants Road, Shekou, Guangdong, Shenzhen, Nanshan District

Patentee before: Zhang Ruixian

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190104

Address after: 518000 Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, China Merchants Street, Shuiwan Community Industrial Road No. 1, Yikumeng Workshop Building, Nanhai 914, 915

Patentee after: Haitong Kechuang (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518000 Area B, First Floor, Building C, TCL Industrial Park, 1055 Nanhai Avenue, Shekou Street, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: SHENZHEN ANSHUN ENERGY SAVING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.