CN204555599U - A kind of material drying machine - Google Patents

A kind of material drying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204555599U
CN204555599U CN201520013596.9U CN201520013596U CN204555599U CN 204555599 U CN204555599 U CN 204555599U CN 201520013596 U CN201520013596 U CN 201520013596U CN 204555599 U CN204555599 U CN 204555599U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flat tube
material bin
heating chamber
drying machine
gas outlet
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520013596.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李凤山
杨涛
毕宏
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杨涛
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Application filed by 杨涛 filed Critical 杨涛
Priority to CN201520013596.9U priority Critical patent/CN204555599U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204555599U publication Critical patent/CN204555599U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of material drying machine, comprise the material bin of body structure, support column, be heating chamber bottom material bin, material bin is steel body structure, and support column is fixed on ground, material bin is provided with gripper shoe, gripper shoe forms elasticity by spring and support column and is connected, and material bin top is provided with charging aperture and vibrator, and bottom is provided with discharging opening; In material bin, bottom relative level face tilt is provided with oven dry plate, is provided with vapor channel in material bin, and the moisture outlet that steam-water channel is arranged with material bin top communicates; Dry above plate and be provided with flat tube, flat tube is contrary with oven dry plate incline direction to be arranged, and flat tube low side leaves Lou expects mouth, and heating chamber is provided with heating chamber exhanst gas outlet; Heating chamber exhanst gas outlet is communicated with by the gas approach of exhaust gases passes with flat tube low side, is provided with flat tube exhanst gas outlet flat tube is high-end, is provided with smoke impervious structure between material bin and heating chamber.This oven dry function effectively avoids flue gas staining material.

Description

A kind of material drying machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of material drying machine, is specially adapted to the mineral materials of water content or the pollution-free oven dry of lightweight medicinal material.
Background technology
Application be in a kind of high-temperature dryer for mineral material of 201310326936.9; when drying for water-containing materials; be by burning in heating chamber or heating after high-temperature gas to be directly acted on the mineral materials on swash plate by smoke guide port; reach the effect of drying materials; while drying; particle in flue gas can be deposited in material, can cause certain pollution of material, is generally used under the less demanding condition of drying materials.During for oven dry, require material not by under the condition of smoke pollution, such as some high-quality mineral materials, medicinal material, high-temperature dryer for mineral material just can not meet the demands.If simultaneously material institute water content is large, when high temperature flood dry machine flood is dry, a large amount of steams can be produced in material bin, due to the layout of swash plate, can cause steam not energy product time effluent feed bin, and have impact on the drying effect of material.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is that the problems referred to above solved provide a kind of material drying machine.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of material drying machine, comprise the material bin of body structure, support column, be heating chamber bottom described material bin, described material bin is steel body structure, smoke impervious structure is provided with between described material bin and heating chamber, described support column is fixed on ground, and described material bin is provided with gripper shoe, and described gripper shoe forms elasticity by spring and described support column and is connected, described material bin top is provided with charging aperture and vibrator, and bottom sides is provided with discharging opening; Described material bin bottom relative level face tilt is provided with oven dry plate, and described oven dry plate is connected with discharging opening; Be provided with riser in material bin, riser and material bin respective inner walls form vapor channel, and the moisture outlet of described steam-water channel is opened on material bin top; Dry relative level face tilt above plate and be provided with flat tube, described flat tube is contrary with drying plate incline direction, and described flat tube rear and front end is fixed on material bin front and rear wall, and described flat tube is high-end to be connected with riser, and flat tube is high-end to be provided with to export and to be communicated with vapor channel; Described flat tube low side leaves Lou expects mouth, it is high-end that first material to be dried drops on flat tube, can drop to oven dry plate from the high-end flat tube low side that is slipped to of flat tube from leakage material mouth under effect of vibration, the steam produced during drying materials above described oven dry plate is discharged from moisture outlet by corresponding vapor channel; Described heating chamber is provided with heating chamber exhanst gas outlet; Heating chamber exhanst gas outlet is communicated with by the gas approach of exhaust gases passes with flat tube low side, is provided with flat tube exhanst gas outlet flat tube is high-end, and flue gas is discharged from flat tube low side along flat tube inclined plane to the exhanst gas outlet that flat tube is high-end.
Further, be inclined relative to horizontal above described flat tube and be provided with multilayer flat tube, every one deck flat tube low side leave Lou expect mouth, material can from each flat tube bottom jump fall lower one deck flat tube high-end; Each flat tube is high-end to be connected with riser, and each flat tube is high-end is provided with outlet, communicates with vapor channel; Material enters from charging aperture that to drop on uppermost flat tube high-end, under vibration and Action of Gravity Field, passes through every one deck flat tube successively, finally arrives on oven dry plate; The high-end of each flat tube is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and low side is provided with gas approach, and exhanst gas outlet is communicated with by the gas approach of exhaust gases passes with last layer flat tube low side; Flue gas enters from the gas approach of the low side of each flat tube, discharges from high-end exhanst gas outlet, until discharge from the high-end exhanst gas outlet of most last layer flat tube.
Further, the gas approach as flat tube is arranged on material bin antetheca, then exhanst gas outlet is arranged on material bin rear wall, and the gas approach as flat tube is arranged on material bin rear wall, then exhanst gas outlet is arranged on material bin antetheca.
Further, described flat tube becomes 8-30 degree with horizontal plane angle, and described oven dry plate becomes 8-30 degree with horizontal plane angle.
Further, on the riser that the flat tube of most last layer is relative, also have outlet and be communicated with vapor channel.
Further, described oven dry plate or flat tube are provided with material and re-pack, and re-pack as straight plate or spoon type, re-packing, it is multiple to be provided with, and are one group by the major axis series connection through pommel, and major axis counterpart feed bin is fixed.When material bin up-down vibration, re-packing takeoffs jumps again, forming impact effect, being convenient to material dispersion to producing the material of uniting when drying.
Further, described material bin is provided with the pipeline communicated with material bin.Other gas can be passed into, such as hot-air, other protective gas, or other material, also by pipeline gas bleeding.
Further, described smoke impervious structure is: be fixedly installed U-type groove in heating chamber surrounding, be positioned in U-type groove bottom material bin, and has gap with U-type groove 17 end, and places filler in U-type groove, reaches the effect of sealing fume.Described smoke impervious structure also can adopt other hermetically-sealed construction (as labyrinth type) etc.
Further, when heating chamber is the heating chamber of energy burn combustible material, when described combustible substance is coal, described heating chamber is heating furnace, and described heating furnace comprises burner hearth, is provided with grate in described burner hearth.
The operation of this material drying machine is as follows:
Water-containing materials is entered into material bin from the charging aperture at dryer top, fall uppermost flat tube at first high-end, vibrator vibration and material self gravitation effect under, material is slipped to the low side of flat tube, and from corresponding leak material mouth fall lower one deck flat tube high-end, finally falling through each layer flat tube so successively dries on plate, discharges after oven dry plate is dried from discharging opening.
After high-temperature gas in heating chamber is discharged from heating chamber exhanst gas outlet, through exhaust gases passes, flat tube is entered into from the gas approach of the low side of bottom flat tube, and reach the high-end of flat tube obliquely along the inclined-plane of flat tube, discharge from high-end exhanst gas outlet, then through exhaust gases passes, then enter in last layer flat tube to the gas approach of last layer flat tube low side, the like, finally discharge from the exhanst gas outlet of the flat tube of the superiors.
The high-temperature gas of each flat tube inside, can dry from upper and lower faces material material, add that the oven dry plate that relative temperature is high is dried, produce a large amount of steam, the steam of the steam or every layer of flat tube generation of drying plate generation by outlet, finally can be discharged from the moisture outlet at material bin top through vapor channel.
Above-mentioned material drying machine has following beneficial effect: by arranging flat tube and vapor channel, the heating surface of drying materials can be increased when material drying, effectively can improve drying efficiency, reduce product materials cost, and can ensure in heating chamber, to add thermogenetic flue gas not contaminated material.Be specially adapted to the environment higher to material requirement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is material drying machine structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the A-A figure in Fig. 1.
Number in figure: material bin 1, support column 2, heating chamber 3, charging aperture 4, flat tube 5, discharging opening 6, riser 7, gripper shoe 8, vapor channel 9, dry plate 10, moisture outlet 11, leak material mouth 12, spring 13, vibrator 14, pipeline 15, outlet 16, exhanst gas outlet 17, gas approach 18, exhaust gases passes 19, re-packs 20, U-type groove 21, burner hearth 22, grate 23, material controlling gate 24, heating chamber exhanst gas outlet 25.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further illustrated.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of material drying machine, comprise the material bin 1 of body structure, the heating chamber bottom material bin 1 is the heating furnace of coal combustion, and the whole casing of material bin 1 is steel body structure, support column 2 is fixed on ground, material bin middle and upper part is fixed with gripper shoe 8, and the every limit of gripper shoe 8 is two, and one-tenth is symmetrical arranged, pattern can be gusseted, forms elasticity be connected by spring 13 with support column 8.Also gripper shoe can be fixedly installed on top, gripper shoe projection feed bin, then form elasticity by spring 13 with support column 8 and be connected.Material bin 1 top is provided with charging aperture 4 and vibrator 14, and vibrator 14 can be electromagnetic vibrator or mechanical vibrator, and bottom is provided with discharging opening 6; In material bin 1, bottom relative level face tilt is provided with and dries plate 10, and drying plate 10 with horizontal plane angle is 12-20 degree, dries plate 10 and is connected with discharging opening 6; Material bin 1 li is provided with riser 7, and riser 7 and material bin 1 respective inner walls form vapor channel 9, and the moisture outlet 10 that vapor channel 9 is arranged with material bin 1 top communicates; Above drying plate 10, relative level face tilt is provided with flat tube 5, flat tube 5 becomes 12-20 degree with horizontal plane angle, flat tube 5 is contrary with oven dry plate 10 incline direction to be arranged, flat tube 5 rear and front end is fixed on material bin 1 front and rear wall, the high end margin of flat tube 5 is connected with riser 7, has outlet 16 to communicate with vapor channel 9 outside the high-end top of flat tube 5; Flat tube 5 low side leaves Lou expects mouth 12; Flat tube 5 only arranges one deck, and such body is little, and the material little to water content can complete drying work simply.
Heating chamber 3 be can coal combustion time heating furnace time, described heating furnace comprises burner hearth 22, grate 23, and coal burns on grate, the high-temperature gas of generation and heat radiation, acts on and dries on plate, improves the drying efficiency of material.An air blast can be established to communicate with burner hearth, for burner hearth provides air-supply.Heating chamber exhanst gas outlet 25 is had above heating furnace; Heating chamber exhanst gas outlet 25 is communicated with the gas approach 18 of flat tube 5 low side above by exhaust gases passes 19, and be provided with flat tube exhanst gas outlet 17 flat tube 5 is high-end, flue gas is upwards discharged from the exhanst gas outlet 18 that flat tube 5 is high-end from flat tube 5 low side along flat tube inner chamfer.
Smoke impervious structure is provided with between material bin 1 and heating chamber 3.This smoke impervious structure is: in heating furnace surrounding, arrange U-type groove 21, is positioned in U-type groove 21 bottom material bin 1, and has gap with U-type groove 17 end, and places filler in U-type groove 17.
Material bin is also communicated with pipeline 15, the high temperature air after heating chamber heating can be passed into, discharging opening 6 place is also provided with material controlling gate 24, material controlling gate 24 can be set as the gate that can open up and down, for controlling the number of discharging opening material output, thus increase or reduce drying time, choose different gate heights according to different material.
Embodiment 2
On embodiment 1 base goes out, at the flat tube of material bin 1, can multilayer flat tube 5 be relatively set, optimally, three layers of flat tube can be set, the high-end of each flat tube 5 is provided with exhanst gas outlet 17, low side is provided with gas approach 18, and exhanst gas outlet 17 is communicated with by the gas approach 18 of exhaust gases passes 19 with last layer flat tube 5 low side; Flue gas enters from the gas approach 18 of the low side of each flat tube 5, discharges from high-end exhanst gas outlet 17, until discharge from the high-end flue gas of most last layer flat tube.
Gas approach on multilayer flat tube 5 and exhanst gas outlet become to report to the leadship after accomplishing a task setting, and namely gas approach is at material bin antetheca, then exhanst gas outlet is at material bin rear wall.The uniformity of whole flat tube surface temperature can be increased.
Embodiment 3
High-temperature dryer except heating chamber different, other is arranged all in the same manner as in Example 2, main burning natural gas or the coal gas of adopting in heating chamber realizes, when this situation, the furnace wall of heating chamber equally can adopt the structure of embodiment 1, refractory brick and heat insulation layer structure can be adopted as furnace wall, be only provided with nozzle and the igniter of burning natural gas or coal gas in burner hearth, control bake out temperature by the combustion gas size controlling natural gas.

Claims (10)

1. a material drying machine, comprise the material bin (1) of body structure, support column (2), described material bin (1) bottom is heating chamber (3), described material bin is steel body structure, described support column is fixed on ground, described material bin is provided with gripper shoe (8), described gripper shoe (8) forms elasticity by spring (13) with described support column (8) and is connected, described material bin (1) top is provided with charging aperture (4) and vibrator (14), and bottom is provided with discharging opening (6); It is characterized in that: described material bin (1) interior bottom relative level face tilt is provided with dries plate (10), and described oven dry plate is connected with discharging opening (6); Riser (7) is provided with in material bin, riser (7) and material bin (1) respective inner walls form vapor channel (9), and the moisture outlet (11) that described vapor channel (9) and material bin (1) top are arranged communicates; Dry plate (10) top relative level face tilt and be provided with flat tube (5), described flat tube (5) and dry that plate (10) incline direction is contrary arranges, described flat tube (5) rear and front end is fixed on material bin (1) front and rear wall, described flat tube (5) is high-end to be connected with riser (7), and flat tube (5) is high-end to be provided with outlet (16) and to communicate with vapor channel (9); Described flat tube low side leaves Lou expects mouth (12); Described heating chamber (3) is provided with heating chamber exhanst gas outlet (25); Heating chamber exhanst gas outlet (25) is communicated with the gas approach (18) of flat tube (5) low side by exhaust gases passes (19), be provided with flat tube exhanst gas outlet (17) flat tube (5) is high-end, flue gas is discharged from the exhanst gas outlet (18) that flat tube (5) is high-end from flat tube (5) low side obliquely along flat tube inner chamfer; Smoke impervious structure is provided with between material bin (1) and heating chamber (3).
2. material drying machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being staggered in described flat tube (5) top is tiltedly installed with multilayer flat tube, every one deck flat tube low side leave Lou expect mouth (12), material can from each flat tube bottom fall lower one deck flat tube high-end; Each flat tube (5) is high-end to be connected with riser, and each flat tube is high-end to be provided with outlet (16) and to communicate with vapor channel (9); The high-end of each flat tube (5) is provided with exhanst gas outlet (17), low side is provided with gas approach (18), and exhanst gas outlet (17) is communicated with the gas approach (18) of last layer flat tube (5) low side by exhaust gases passes (19).
3. material drying machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the gas approach (18) as flat tube (5) is arranged on material bin antetheca, then exhanst gas outlet (17) is arranged on material bin (1) rear wall, gas approach (18) as flat tube (5) is arranged on material bin rear wall, then exhanst gas outlet (17) is arranged on material bin antetheca.
4. the material drying machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that: described flat tube (5) becomes 8-30 degree with horizontal plane angle, and described oven dry plate (10) becomes 8-30 degree with horizontal plane angle.
5. material drying machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described oven dry plate (10) or flat tube (5) are provided with material and re-pack, re-pack as straight plate or spoon type, re-packing, it is multiple to be provided with, and be one group by the major axis series connection through pommel, major axis counterpart feed bin is fixed.
6. material drying machine according to claim 5, is characterized in that: on the riser (7) that the most Last flat tube is relative, also has outlet (16) and is communicated with vapor channel (9).
7. material drying machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described material bin is provided with input channel (15).
8. the material drying machine according to claim 5 or 6 or 7, it is characterized in that: described smoke impervious structure is: in heating chamber surrounding, U-type groove (21) is set, material bin (1) bottom is positioned in U-type groove (21), and having gap with U-type groove (21) end, U-type groove is placed with filler in (17).
9. material drying machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: when heating chamber (3) is the heating chamber of energy burn combustible material, when described combustible substance is coal, described heating chamber (3) is heating furnace, described heating furnace comprises burner hearth (22), grate (23).
10. material drying machine according to claim 9, is characterized in that: discharge outlet is also provided with material controlling gate (22).
CN201520013596.9U 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of material drying machine Expired - Fee Related CN204555599U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520013596.9U CN204555599U (en) 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of material drying machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520013596.9U CN204555599U (en) 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of material drying machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204555599U true CN204555599U (en) 2015-08-12

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107166934A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 重庆市富环建筑材料有限责任公司 Slag processing unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107166934A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 重庆市富环建筑材料有限责任公司 Slag processing unit

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150812

Termination date: 20180107

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee