CN204532939U - A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump - Google Patents

A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204532939U
CN204532939U CN201520002731.XU CN201520002731U CN204532939U CN 204532939 U CN204532939 U CN 204532939U CN 201520002731 U CN201520002731 U CN 201520002731U CN 204532939 U CN204532939 U CN 204532939U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
balance
balance disc
axial force
utility
centrifugal pump
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520002731.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严超
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Anhui Sanhuan Pump Co Ltd
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Anhui Sanhuan Pump Co Ltd
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Filing date
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Priority to CN201520002731.XU priority Critical patent/CN204532939U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204532939U publication Critical patent/CN204532939U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump, anti-drive end rolling bearing is changed into two angle bearings, assemble back-to-back, object is the end thrust of balance impeller, requiring that the end thrust of angle bearing is greater than the end thrust of impeller, requiring when assembling, Balance disc and the axis of the gimbal to be adjusted at about 0.5mm ~ 0.8mm to gap simultaneously.When raw water pump starts, carry out balancing axial thrust by Balance disc, after the utility model architecture advances, angle bearing and Balance disc common equilibrium axial force, reduce the replacement frequency of water pump easily damaged parts Balance disc, considerably increase the working life of Balance disc, the efficiency of water pump is increased.

Description

A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump
Technical field
The utility model relates to centrifugal pump technical field, is specifically related to a kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump.
Background technique
As everyone knows, centrifugal pump is normally by impeller, the pump housing, pump shaft, Balance disc, gimbal and stuffing box composition, plural impeller, Balance disc is enclosed within pump shaft respectively, and be arranged in the pump housing, the feed-water end of pump shaft is fixedly connected with bearing support through roller bearing respectively with waterexit end, roller bearing cylindrical outer end contacts with outer end cap, inner inconsistent with inner end cap, outer end cap is through bolt, the hole that nut is provided with through bearing support is fixedly connected with inner end cap, during work, pump shaft is moved by motor straight tape splicing, liquid flows through every grade of impeller successively, progression is more, impeller lift is higher, pump housing central authorities have a fluid intake to be connected with suction pipe, liquid enters in pump through bottom valve and suction pipe, liquid outlet on the pump housing is connected with discharge tube.Before centrifugal pump starts, in the pump housing, fill the liquid be transferred; Impeller drives high speed rotating by pump shaft, interlobate liquid is also along with rotation, under the influence of centrifugal force, liquid is thrown to outer rim from impeller central and is obtained energy, enters in the volute pump housing, in spiral case to leave impeller outer edge at a high speed, liquid slows down due to the expansion gradually of runner, be static energy by part kinetic energy again, finally flow into discharge conduit with higher pressure, deliver to and need place.
In centrifugal pump running, because liquid under low pressure enters impeller, and under high pressure flow out, make impeller both sides pressure not, create the end thrust pointing to Way in, cause the axial float of pump shaft, produce wearing and tearing and vibration, this axial equilibrium of forces is balanced by the Balance disc in the pump housing and gimbal, its deficiency is: in centrifugal pump long time running working procedure, wearing and tearing between Balance disc and gimbal are very usual phenomenons, can cause technical data required for the pump that skew occurs time serious maybe cannot run, because the design of Balance disc and gimbal is by theory calculate, can not according to the workmanship of pump, the viscosity of liquid, the change of axial force and gap because of wearing and tearing increasing etc. because usually adjusting, Balance disc is made to become easily damaged parts with counterbalance annular, the proper drainage operating conditions of pump cannot be ensured, a lot of unsafe hidden danger is brought to user, shorten the working life of centrifugal pump, add equipment cost, change frequent, reduce manufacturing efficiency.
Fig. 1 is traditional MD type multi-level pump composition, the pump of this type is applicable to underground coal mine work, pump mine water and other similar liquids that solid content was not more than for 1.5% (particle diameter is less than 0.5mm), and in fact during pit mining, liquid contains a large amount of solid impurity, particle is greater than 0.5mm, cause Balance disc and gimbal shorter for working life, change frequently cause trace utilization cost higher.
Model utility content
It is simple that technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of structure, the axial force balance mechanism of the MD type multistage centrifugal pump of stable performance.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model realizes by the following technical solutions:
A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump, comprise the left bearing body being arranged on rotor part drive end and the right bearing body being arranged on rotor part anti-drive end, rotor part is also provided with gimbal and Balance disc, rolling bearing is provided with between described left bearing body and rotor part, two angle bearings are provided with between described right bearing body and rotor part, the working life of angle bearing was generally 10,000 hours, apparently higher than former ball bearing 4500 hours;
Two described angle bearings are assembled back-to-back, and described Balance disc and the axis of the gimbal are 0.5mm-0.8mm to gap; The non-back-to-back thrust large 80% of back-to-back thrust ratio, ensures that Horizontal Price Movement and gimbal gap are always 0.5-0.8mm, extends flat Horizontal Price Movement and gimbal working life widely, does not substantially need replacing, saved cost.
The utility model changes anti-drive end rolling bearing into two angle bearings, assemble back-to-back, object is the end thrust of balance impeller, requiring that the end thrust of angle bearing is greater than the end thrust of impeller, requiring when assembling, Balance disc and the axis of the gimbal to be adjusted at about 0.5mm ~ 0.8mm to gap simultaneously.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: when raw water pump starts, balancing axial thrust is carried out by Balance disc, after the utility model architecture advances, angle bearing and Balance disc common equilibrium axial force, reduce the replacement frequency of water pump easily damaged parts Balance disc, considerably increase the working life of Balance disc, the efficiency of water pump is increased.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is MD type multistage centrifugal pump structural drawing in prior art;
Fig. 2 is the MD type multistage centrifugal pump structural drawing that the utility model is equipped with axial force balance mechanism.
Embodiment
The technological means realized to make the utility model, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, setting forth the utility model further.
As shown in Figure 2, an axial force balance mechanism for MD type multistage centrifugal pump, comprising: rotor part 1, left bearing body 2, inlet segment 3, chopped-off head choma 4, stage casing 5, stator 6, guide blade sleeve 7, final stage stator 8, Spit Section 9, Balance disc 10, gimbal 11, cover of balancing chamber 12, atresia end cap 13, right bearing body 14, angle bearing 15, rolling bearing 16; The utility model, on the basis of former MD type multistage centrifugal pump, changes the rolling bearing of anti-drive end as two angle bearings 15 into, assembles back-to-back, balance 10 and gimbal 11 axial clearance is adjusted at 0.5mm-0.8mm simultaneously.When raw water pump starts, carry out balancing axial thrust, after architecture advances by Balance disc 10, angle bearing 15 and Balance disc 10 common equilibrium axial force, reduce the replacement frequency of water pump easily damaged parts Balance disc, considerably increase the working life of Balance disc 10, the efficiency of water pump is increased.
As Fig. 2:
P1 is the active force of chamber between choma and impeller, and anti-drive end is pointed in its direction;
P2 is the active force of impeller inner chamber, and drive end is pointed in its direction;
The active force that P3 is balance set and gimbal, chamber produces between Balance disc, anti-drive end is pointed in its direction;
P4 is the active force of balance cylinder, and drive end is pointed in its direction;
P2>P1
P3>P4
Its force direction of △ P1=P2-P1 is drive end;
Its force direction of △ P2=P3-P4 is anti-drive end;
Along with the change of water pump progression, △ P1 also changes, and such △ P2 also needs change, and water pump will run well must △ P1=△ P2;
Add angle bearing, requiring that flat Horizontal Price Movement and gimbal gap are 0.5-0.8mm during assembling simultaneously, would not grinding like this, without the need to changing flat Horizontal Price Movement.But axial force △ P2 has been a definite value, △ P1 and △ P2 just can not be equal.
If △ is P1 " △ P2 and angle bearing thrust are to drive end direction, and bearing 2 is by stressed;
If △ is P2 " △ P1 and angle bearing thrust are to anti-drive end direction, and bearing 1 is by stressed.
More than show and describe basic principle of the present utility model and major character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. the axial force balance mechanism of a MD type multistage centrifugal pump, comprise the left bearing body being arranged on rotor part drive end and the right bearing body being arranged on rotor part anti-drive end, rotor part is also provided with gimbal and Balance disc, rolling bearing is provided with between described left bearing body and rotor part, it is characterized in that: between described right bearing body and rotor part, be provided with two angle bearings, two described angle bearings are assembled back-to-back, and described Balance disc and the axis of the gimbal are 0.5mm-0.8mm to gap.
CN201520002731.XU 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump Expired - Fee Related CN204532939U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520002731.XU CN204532939U (en) 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520002731.XU CN204532939U (en) 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204532939U true CN204532939U (en) 2015-08-05

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201520002731.XU Expired - Fee Related CN204532939U (en) 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of axial force balance mechanism of MD type multistage centrifugal pump

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104595229A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-05-06 安徽三环水泵有限责任公司 Axial force balancing mechanism for MD type multi-stage centrifugal pump

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104595229A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-05-06 安徽三环水泵有限责任公司 Axial force balancing mechanism for MD type multi-stage centrifugal pump

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150805

Termination date: 20170104