CN204511777U - Multiple generator axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system - Google Patents

Multiple generator axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204511777U
CN204511777U CN201520168247.4U CN201520168247U CN204511777U CN 204511777 U CN204511777 U CN 204511777U CN 201520168247 U CN201520168247 U CN 201520168247U CN 204511777 U CN204511777 U CN 204511777U
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generator
permanent magnet
excitation
inductor coil
central
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胡国祥
吕峰
何军焘
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Jiangsu Yijia Energy Saving Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Nanjing Yu Neng New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of multiple generator and axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, its main feature is that blower fan transmission bracket is become an entirety with generator designs, described transmission bracket is made up of central shaft and shell, central shaft is positioned at housing center, and coaxial line, if central shaft is fixed, shell rotates, if central shaft rotates, shell is fixed, the rotary component of fan blade and transmission bracket is fixed, several generators centrally axle are axially disposed within the cavity between central shaft and shell, some generators or permanent magnet generator, or excitation generator, or be the combination of permanent magnet generator and excitation generator, or permanent-magnet disk generator, and each generator electric flux Parallel opertation, rectification respectively.The utility model compact structure rationally, wind-powered electricity generation conversion usefulness high and can with wind-force change auto-control excitation generator magnetic resistance, make electric energy stable output.

Description

Multiple generator axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system
Technical field
The utility model relates to vertical axis wind power generation technology, is especially that multiple generator axially arranges and ties formation entirety with fan transmission mechanism by one, and the controllable vertical axis wind power generation system of electric flux Parallel opertation.
Background technique
In existing vertical axis aerogenerator, usual employing single generator, generator is arranged on bottom or the medium position of blower fan, especially for relatively high power vertical shaft fan, how is generator arranged safely and reliably? does is fan blade by what driving mechanism connected with generator amature? bring a difficult problem can to the construction and installation of structural design glue Deng all, moreover, change frequently under wind regime condition at wind speed, the generator that vertical shaft fan drive performance parameter is single, the wind-powered electricity generation conversion usefulness that very difficult acquisition is larger.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of by organizing motor coaxle superposition and electric flux Parallel opertation controllable vertical axis aerogenerator more.
For achieving the above object, technical solutions of the utility model are, this kind of multiple generator axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, its formation includes, fan blade, transmission bracket, blower fan pedestal, generator and peripheral circuit, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of central shaft and shell, central shaft is positioned at housing center, and the center line of central shaft overlaps with the shaft centre line of shell, if central shaft is fixed, shell rotates, if central shaft rotates, shell is fixed, fan blade or fix with rotational shell, or fix with rotary middle spindle, several generators centrally axle are axially disposed within the cavity between central shaft and shell.
In technique scheme, described transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, rotational shell inwall ring-type is provided with some even number of permanent magnets, and the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet is different, several stator iron cores being wound with field coil and inductor coil are set in central fixed shaft successively, air gap is there is between the permanent magnet magnetic pole-face that the magnetic pole strength of each stator iron core and rotational shell inwall are arranged, the field coil of each stator and inductor coil lead-in wire are drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft, lift-type blade is fixedly connected with by the installation support arm at the upper and lower two ends of level connection joint arm and rotational shell, the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade is fixedly connected with the installation plate rail at the two ends up and down of rotational shell, the two ends up and down of rotational shell are provided with bearing, central fixed shaft is located by metal (upper.
In technique scheme, described each generator inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit separately, each full-wave rectifying circuit output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold, external excitation power supply is through excitation power supply and control unit, be respectively the field current that each dynamo field coil provides controlled size, described rotational shell is provided with tachogenerator, and rotation speed of fan signal is delivered to excitation power supply and control unit by rotating speed collecting unit.
In technique scheme, described transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, several permanent magnet rotating disks and several discoid inductor coils in couples, are respectively arranged in the cavity between central fixed shaft and rotational shell, each permanent magnet rotating disk is made up of round tray and some permanent magnets, there are through hole in round tray central authorities, some even number of permanent magnets are centered by the center of circle of this round tray, symmetrically, be annularly arranged in this round tray surface, and make the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet different, each discoid inductor coil is made up of a rigid disc shape framework and some groups of inductor coils, there are through hole in each rigid disc shape framework central authorities, each group of inductor coil along rigid disc shape framework centre point balancedly, divide layout symmetrically, each group of inductor coil is fixed into disc by rigid disc shape framework, central fixed shaft runs through the through hole of each permanent magnet rotating disk and each discoid inductor coil central authorities, the lighting outlet of each discoid inductor coil is drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft, whole permanent magnet rotating disk and rotational shell are fixed as a whole, whole discoid inductor coil and central fixed shaft are fixed as a whole, lift-type blade is fixedly connected with by the installation support arm at the upper and lower two ends of level connection joint arm and rotational shell, the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade is fixedly connected with the installation plate rail at the two ends up and down of rotational shell, the two ends up and down of rotational shell are provided with bearing, central fixed shaft is located by metal (upper.
In technique scheme, described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft and set casing, the superposition of several permanent-magnet disk generators is arranged in the space between center rotating shaft and set casing, described permanent-magnet disk generator is made up of permanent magnet rotating disk and discoid inductor coil, each permanent magnet rotating disc is made up of round tray and some permanent magnets, there are through hole in round tray central authorities, some permanent magnets are centered by this round tray center of circle, symmetrically, annularly be arranged in this round tray surface, and make the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet different, each discoid inductor coil is made up of a rigid disc shape framework and some groups of inductor coils, there are through hole in each rigid disc shape framework central authorities, each group of inductor coil along rigid disc shape framework centre point balancedly, divide layout symmetrically, each group of inductor coil is fixed into disc by rigid disc shape framework, central fixed shaft runs through the through hole of each permanent magnet rotating disc and each discoid inductor coil central authorities, make several permanent magnet rotating disks and several discoid inductor coils in couples, respectively be arranged in the cavity of central fixed shaft and rotational shell formation, the lighting outlet of each discoid inductor coil is drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft, whole permanent magnet rotating disk and center rotating shaft are fixed as a whole, whole discoid inductor coil and set casing are fixed as a whole.
In technique scheme, each generator inductor coil output terminal connects an independently rectification circuit separately, and each rectification circuit output end connects direct current cylinder manifold.
In technique scheme, described transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, and in several generators axially arranged, have at least one to be permanent magnet generator, all the other are excitation generator.
In technique scheme, described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft and set casing, and in several generators axially arranged, have at least one to be permanent magnet generator, all the other are excitation generator.
In technique scheme, described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft and set casing, in space between center rotating shaft and set casing, setting has a permanent magnet generator at least, two or more excitation generator group and gear shift, permanent magnet and the center rotating shaft of this permanent magnet generator are fixed, the inductor coil of this permanent magnet generator is arranged at set casing inwall, each excitation generator is also organized to be arranged in parallel by two excitation generators again and is formed, driving gear and the center rotating shaft of gear shift are fixed, and the driven gear of each excitation generator rotor shaft that same excitation generator is also organized and gear shift is fixed.
In technique scheme, permanent magnet generator inductor coil current output terminal is after full wave rectifier process, both direct current cylinder manifold had been exported to, export again excitation power supply and control unit to, each excitation generator inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit separately, each rectification circuit output end connects direct current cylinder manifold, excitation power supply and control unit provide field current for each excitation generator, the field current of excitation generator controls by excitation power supply and control unit, described permanent magnet generator inductor coil current output terminal is parallel with rotating speed collecting unit, the frequency signal of permanent magnet generator three-phase output current detects by this collecting unit, and export to excitation power supply and control unit, and then the size of each excitation generator excitation electric current is controlled respectively by excitation power supply and control unit.
In technique scheme, described rotational shell is made up of upper end cap, lower end cap, frame, upper end cap and lower end cap central position are respectively arranged with bearing, upper end cap and lower end cap respectively two ends upper and lower with frame are fixedly connected with, central fixed shaft is located by upper end cap bearing and lower end cap bearing, upper end cap and lower end cap are respectively arranged with scaffold, this scaffold is fixedly connected with the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade, upper end cap and lower end cap are also respectively arranged with connecting support arm, and this connecting support arm is fixedly connected with the level connection joint arm of lift-type blade respectively.
In technique scheme, the set casing of described transmission bracket is fixedly connected with blower fan pedestal, the partial fixing that the center rotating shaft of described transmission bracket stretches out from set casing upper end has connection bracket, and this connection bracket and lift-type blade, resistance type blade are fixed.
The utility model has the advantage of:
1. transform the load-bearing stress support being used in conventional vertical axle blower fan being connected and fixed with lift-type blade and resistance blade as fan blade power transmission support, and the generator that this transmission bracket and blower fan drive is combined, make integrated structure design, thus effectively avoid in traditional large-scale vertical wind-driven generator, the design challenges of the aspects such as the transmission of power existed between the generator of independent monomer and blower fan structure and blower fan structure stability, makes the structure of the complementary wind-driven generator of vertical shaft lift-drag compacter.
2. adopting multiple generator axially to arrange, when not increasing generator outside dimension, improve the efficiency of wind-powered electricity generation conversion.
An independently full-wave rectifying circuit received respectively by the inductor coil output terminal lighting outlet of 3 each generator, then is input in bus circuits with direct current form.The circuit structure form of this grouping rectification, unified inversion, is particularly useful for the generating occasion of wind-force size instability.In addition, field coil is added in generator stator structure, by excitation power supply and control circuit, additional excitation power supply there is object, controllably be loaded in corresponding generator unit stator field coil, when wind-force is more weak or in fan starting situation, suitable reduction field current, the corresponding reduction of magnetic force between generator amature to stator, generator is made to still have electric energy to export, when in the stronger situation of wind-force, suitable increase field current, the corresponding increase of magnetic force between generator amature to stator, thus obtain higher electric energy output, improve wind-powered electricity generation conversion efficiency.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the construction profile figure of the utility model fan blade and generator assembly.
Fig. 2 is the construction profile plan view of the utility model fan blade and generator assembly.
Fig. 3 is the structure sectional view (the A-A section of Fig. 2) of the utility model generator assembly.
Fig. 4 is in the utility model embodiment one, axially arranges the structure cross-sectional schematic of outer rotor permanent magnet generator.
Fig. 5 is in the utility model embodiment one, the peripheral circuit schematic diagram of each excitation generator.
Fig. 6 is in the utility model embodiment two, axially arranges the structure cross-sectional schematic of outer-rotor disk generator.
Fig. 7 is the utility model embodiment three, and blower fan structure and axis arrange internal rotor disk generator structure sectional view.
Fig. 8 is in the utility model embodiment two, embodiment three, embodiment four, each generator peripheral circuit schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is the utility model embodiment six, blower fan structure and band gear shift and mixing arranges the structure sectional view of permanent magnet generator and excitation generator.
Figure 10 is excitation generator in the utility model embodiment six and gear shift schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is in the utility model embodiment five, embodiment six, embodiment seven, the peripheral circuit schematic diagram of each generator.
Figure 12 is in the utility model, the transmission bracket assembly structure schematic diagram that shell rotates, central shaft is fixing.
In above accompanying drawing, 1 is transmission bracket, 2 is resistance type blades, 3 is lift-type blades, 4 is level connection joint arms, 11 is central fixed shaft, 12 is rotational shells, 13 is permanent magnets, 14 is coil winding, 15 is fairleads, 16 is scaffolds, 17 is connecting support arms, 18 is bearings, 21 is excitation generators, 22 is full-wave rectifying circuits, 23 is direct current cylinder manifolds, 24 is field current and control unit, 25 is external excitation power supplys, 26 is tachogenerators, 27 is rotating speed collecting units, 31 is central fixed shaft, 32 is rotational shells, 33 is permanent magnet rotating disks, 34 is discoid inductor coils, 35 is fairleads, 36 is install plate rail, 37 is connecting support arms, 38 is bearings, 41 is center rotating shafts, 42 is set casings, 43 is permanent magnet rotating disks, 44 is discoid inductor coils, 45 is abutted flanges, 46 is connection brackets, 47 is resistance type blades, 48 is lift-type blades, 49 is connecting support arms, 50 is bearings, 51 is permanent magnet generatores, 52 is full-wave rectifying circuits, 53 is direct current cylinder manifolds, 61 is center rotating shafts, 62 is set casings, 63 is permanent magnets, 64 is inductor coils, 65 is inductor coils, 66 is field coils, 67 is gear shifts, 68 is driving gears, 69 is driven gears, 71 is permanent magnet generatores, 72 is full-wave rectifying circuits, 73 is excitation power supply and control unit direct current cylinder manifold, 74 is excitation generators, 75 is full-wave rectifying circuits, 76 is rotating speed collecting units, 77 is direct current cylinder manifolds, 121 is upper end caps, 122 is lower end caps, 123 is framies, 124 is upper end cap bearings, 125 is lower end cap bearings, 126 is scaffolds, 127 is upper connecting support arms, 128 is lower connecting support arms, 129 is bearing caps.
Embodiment
Embodiment one:
The present embodiment is the example of Coaxial Superimposed external rotor excitation generator.
The transmission bracket 1 of the present embodiment, resistance type blade 2, the structure of lift-type blade 3 as shown in Figures 1 and 2, wherein transmission bracket 1 is again be made up of central fixed shaft 11 and rotational shell 12, its structure and assembling are as shown in Figure 12, rotational shell 12 is by upper end cap 121, lower end cap 122, frame 123 is formed, upper end cap 121 and lower end cap 122 central position are respectively arranged with bearing 124, 125, upper end cap 121 and lower end cap 122 are fixedly connected with frame about 123 two ends respectively, central fixed shaft 11 is located by upper end cap bearing 124 and lower end cap bearing 125, upper end cap 121 and lower end cap 122 are provided with scaffold 126 respectively, this scaffold 126 is fixedly connected with the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade 2, upper end cap 121 and lower end cap 122 are also respectively arranged with connecting support arm 127, 128, this connecting support arm 127, 128 are fixedly connected with the level connection joint arm of lift-type blade respectively.
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, four excitation generator Coaxial Superimposeds are arranged in the inner space of transmission bracket 1, rotational shell 12 inwall ring-type is provided with some even number of permanent magnets 13, and the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet is different, four stator iron cores 14 being wound with field coil and inductor coil are set in central fixed shaft 11 successively, air gap is there is between the permanent magnet magnetic pole-face that the magnetic pole strength of each stator iron core and rotational shell inwall are arranged, the field coil of each stator and inductor coil lead-in wire are drawn out to generator peripheral circuit from the cavity of central fixed shaft 11, as shown in Figure 5.Each excitation generator 21 inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 22 separately, each full-wave rectifying circuit 22 output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold 23, external excitation power supply 25 is through excitation power supply and control unit 24, be respectively the field current that each dynamo field coil provides controlled size, described rotational shell is provided with tachogenerator 26, rotation speed of fan signal is delivered to excitation power supply and control unit 24 by rotating speed collecting unit 27.
Embodiment two:
The present embodiment is the example of Coaxial Superimposed outer rotor permanent magnet generator.
The structural type of the transmission bracket of the present embodiment, resistance type blade, lift-type blade is as embodiment one, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, as shown in Figure 12, the integrated structure design of transmission bracket and four permanent magnet generatores also as shown in Figure 4 for transmission bracket construction profile and assembling.The present embodiment, four stators only have inductor coil, inductor coil lead-in wire is drawn out to generator peripheral circuit from the cavity of central fixed shaft, as shown in Figure 8, the inductor coil current output terminal of each permanent magnet generator 51 connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 52 separately, and each full-wave rectifying circuit output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold 53.
Embodiment three:
The present embodiment is the example of Coaxial Superimposed outer-rotor disk generator.
The structure of the transmission bracket 1 of the present embodiment, resistance type blade 2, lift-type blade 3 is as shown in accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3, and transmission bracket construction profile and assembling are as shown in Figure 12.
The transmission bracket of the present embodiment and disk generator Coaxial Superimposed integrated design structure are as shown in Figure 6.Transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft 31 and rotational shell 32, several permanent magnet rotating disks 33 and several discoid inductor coils 34 in couples, are respectively arranged in the cavity between central fixed shaft 31 and rotational shell 32, each permanent magnet rotating disk 33 is made up of round tray and some permanent magnets, there are through hole in round tray central authorities, ten permanent magnets are centered by the center of circle of this round tray, symmetrically, be annularly arranged in this round tray surface, and make the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet different, each discoid inductor coil 34 is made up of a rigid disc shape framework and some groups of inductor coils, there are through hole in each rigid disc shape framework central authorities, each group of inductor coil along rigid disc shape framework centre point balancedly, divide layout symmetrically, each group of inductor coil is fixed into disc by rigid disc shape framework, central fixed shaft 31 runs through the through hole of each permanent magnet rotating disk 32 and each discoid inductor coil 33 central authorities, lighting outlet fairlead 35 from the cavity of central fixed shaft 31 of each discoid inductor coil 33 is drawn, 23 permanent magnet rotating disks 33 are fixed as a whole with rotational shell 32, 23 discoid inductor coils 34 are fixed as a whole with central fixed shaft 31.Lift-type blade is fixedly connected with by the installation support arm at the upper and lower two ends of level connection joint arm and rotational shell, the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade is fixedly connected with the installation plate rail at the two ends up and down of rotational shell, the two ends up and down of rotational shell are provided with bearing, and central fixed shaft is located by metal (upper.As shown in Figure 8, each disk generator 51 inductor coil output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 52 separately, and each full-wave rectifying circuit output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold 53.
Embodiment four:
The present embodiment is the example of Coaxial Superimposed internal rotor disk generator.
The present embodiment structure as shown in Figure 7.
Described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft 41 and set casing 42, 23 permanent-magnet disk generator coaxle superpositions are arranged in the space between center rotating shaft 41 and set casing 42, described permanent-magnet disk generator is made up of permanent magnet rotating disk 43 and discoid inductor coil 44, each permanent magnet rotating disc 43 is made up of round tray and ten permanent magnets, there are through hole in round tray central authorities, ten permanent magnets are centered by this round tray center of circle, symmetrically, annularly be arranged in this round tray surface, and make the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet different, each discoid inductor coil 44 is made up of a rigid disc shape framework and some groups of inductor coils, there are through hole in each rigid disc shape framework central authorities, each group of inductor coil along rigid disc shape framework centre point balancedly, divide layout symmetrically, each group of inductor coil is fixed into disc by rigid disc shape framework, central fixed shaft 41 runs through the through hole of each permanent magnet rotating disk 43 and each discoid inductor coil 44 central authorities, make 23 permanent magnet rotating disks 43 and 23 discoid inductor coils 44 in couples, respectively be arranged in the cavity of center rotating shaft 41 and set casing 42 formation, the induction current lighting outlet of each discoid inductor coil 44 is drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft 41, whole permanent magnet rotating disk 43 is fixed as a whole with center rotating shaft 41, whole discoid inductor coil 44 is fixed as a whole with set casing 42.As shown in Figure 8, each disk generator 51 inductor coil output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 52 separately, and each full-wave rectifying circuit output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold 53.
Embodiment five:
The present embodiment is the example of coaxial mixing superposition outer rotor permanent magnet generator and excitation generator.
The present embodiment transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, and the structure of transmission bracket and lift-type blade, resistance type blade as shown in Figures 1 and 2.
As shown in Figure 4, the feature of the present embodiment is the integrated design structure of transmission bracket and Coaxial Superimposed generator, in the generator of four Coaxial Superimposeds, has one to be permanent magnet generator, and its excess-three is excitation generator.The stator of permanent magnet generator only has inductor coil, there is no field coil, and existing inductor coil on the stator of excitation generator, there is field coil again.
As shown in Figure 11, permanent magnet generator 71 inductor coil current output terminal is after full-wave rectifying circuit 72 processes, both direct current cylinder manifold 77 had been exported to, export again excitation power supply and control unit 73 to, each excitation generator 74 inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 75 separately, each rectification circuit output end connects direct current cylinder manifold 77, excitation power supply and control unit 73 provide field current for each excitation generator 74, the field current of excitation generator 74 controls by excitation power supply and control unit 73, permanent magnet generator 71 inductor coil current output terminal is parallel with rotating speed collecting unit 76, the frequency signal of permanent magnet generator 71 three-phase output current detects by this collecting unit 76, and export to excitation power supply and control unit 73, and then the size of each excitation generator 74 field current is controlled respectively by excitation power supply and control unit 73.
The present embodiment defines permanent magnetism self-excited generator group, is applicable to wind-force change, the inconstant situation of rotation speed of fan.
Embodiment six:
The present embodiment is the example of coaxial mixing superposition internal rotor permanent-magnetic generator and excitation generator.
The present embodiment structure is see accompanying drawing 7, transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft 41 and set casing 42, the set casing 42 of transmission bracket is fixedly connected with blower fan pedestal, the partial fixing that the center rotating shaft 41 of transmission bracket stretches out from set casing 42 upper end has mounting bracket, and this mounting bracket and lift-type blade, resistance type blade are fixed.The present embodiment is different from accompanying drawing 7 part and is, in the generator that Coaxial Superimposed is arranged, have one to be permanent magnet generator, all the other are excitation generator.
As shown in Figure 11, the present embodiment permanent magnet generator 71 inductor coil current output terminal is after full-wave rectifying circuit 72 processes, both direct current cylinder manifold 77 had been exported to, export again excitation power supply and control unit 73 to, each excitation generator 74 inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 75 separately, each rectification circuit output end connects direct current cylinder manifold 77, excitation power supply and control unit 73 provide field current for each excitation generator 74, the field current of excitation generator 74 controls by excitation power supply and control unit 73, permanent magnet generator 71 inductor coil current output terminal is parallel with rotating speed collecting unit 76, the frequency signal of permanent magnet generator 71 three-phase output current detects by this collecting unit 76, and export to excitation power supply and control unit 73, and then the size of each excitation generator 74 field current is controlled respectively by excitation power supply and control unit 73.
Embodiment seven:
The present embodiment is permanent magnet generator with excitation generator and organizes to mix and arrange and be with the example of gear shift.
The present embodiment structure as shown in Figure 9.Described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft 61 and set casing 62, in space between center rotating shaft 61 and set casing 62, be provided with a permanent magnet generator and two excitation generators and group, the permanent magnet 63 of permanent magnet generator is fixed with center rotating shaft 61, and inductor coil 64 is arranged on the inwall of set casing 62.Each excitation generator is also organized to be arranged in parallel by two excitation generators again and is formed, as shown in Figure 10, center rotating shaft 61 through the driving gear 68 of gear shift 67 and driven gear 69 one-level speed change, respectively with each excitation generator and the roller axle interlock of two excitation generators organized.And each excitation generator is made up of field coil 66 and inductor coil 65.With the rotor shaft interlock of each excitation generator string group 64.
As shown in Figure 11, in the present embodiment, permanent magnet generator 71 inductor coil current output terminal is after full-wave rectifying circuit 72 processes, both direct current cylinder manifold 77 had been exported to, export again excitation power supply and control unit 73 to, each excitation generator 74 inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit 75 separately, each rectification circuit output end connects direct current cylinder manifold 77, excitation power supply and control unit 73 provide field current for each excitation generator 74, the field current of excitation generator 74 controls by excitation power supply and control unit 73, permanent magnet generator 71 inductor coil current output terminal is parallel with rotating speed collecting unit 73, the frequency signal of permanent magnet generator 71 three-phase output current detects by this collecting unit 76, and export to excitation power supply and control unit 73, and then the size of each excitation generator 74 field current is controlled respectively by excitation power supply and control unit 73.
The present embodiment is by increasing change gear mechanism, and can make in low wind conditions, generator still has larger energy conversion efficiency.
Each embodiment is all that some same vertical axis aerogenerators can form array for an independently vertical axis aerogenerator above, and the electric current that each wind-driven generator inductor coil exports, after full wave rectifier, is all transported to direct current cylinder manifold.

Claims (12)

1. a multiple generator axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, its formation includes, fan blade, transmission bracket, blower fan pedestal, generator and peripheral circuit, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of central shaft and shell, central shaft is positioned at housing center, and the center line of central shaft overlaps with the shaft centre line of shell, if central shaft is fixed, shell rotates, if central shaft rotates, shell is fixed, fan blade or fix with rotational shell, or fix with rotary middle spindle, several generators centrally axle are axially disposed within the cavity between central shaft and shell.
2. multiple generator according to claim 1 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, rotational shell inwall ring-type is provided with some even number of permanent magnets, and the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet is different, several stator iron cores being wound with field coil and inductor coil are set in central fixed shaft successively, air gap is there is between the permanent magnet magnetic pole-face that the magnetic pole strength of each stator iron core and rotational shell inwall are arranged, the field coil of each stator and inductor coil lead-in wire are drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft, lift-type blade is fixedly connected with by the installation support arm at the upper and lower two ends of level connection joint arm and rotational shell, the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade is fixedly connected with the installation plate rail at the two ends up and down of rotational shell, the two ends up and down of rotational shell are provided with bearing, central fixed shaft is located by metal (upper.
3. multiple generator according to claim 2 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described each generator inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit separately, each full-wave rectifying circuit output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold, external excitation power supply is through excitation power supply and control unit, be respectively the field current that each dynamo field coil provides controlled size, described rotational shell is provided with tachogenerator, and rotation speed of fan signal is delivered to excitation power supply and control unit by rotating speed collecting unit.
4. multiple generator according to claim 1 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, several permanent magnet rotating disks and several discoid inductor coils are in couples, respectively be arranged in the cavity between central fixed shaft and rotational shell, each permanent magnet rotating disk is made up of round tray and some permanent magnets, there are through hole in round tray central authorities, some even number of permanent magnets are centered by the center of circle of this round tray, symmetrically, annularly be arranged in this round tray surface, and make the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet different, each discoid inductor coil is made up of a rigid disc shape framework and some groups of inductor coils, there are through hole in each rigid disc shape framework central authorities, each group of inductor coil along rigid disc shape framework centre point balancedly, divide layout symmetrically, each group of inductor coil is fixed into disc by rigid disc shape framework, central fixed shaft runs through the through hole of each permanent magnet rotating disk and each discoid inductor coil central authorities, the lighting outlet of each discoid inductor coil is drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft, whole permanent magnet rotating disk and rotational shell are fixed as a whole, whole discoid inductor coil and central fixed shaft are fixed as a whole, lift-type blade is fixedly connected with by the installation support arm at the upper and lower two ends of level connection joint arm and rotational shell, the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade is fixedly connected with the installation plate rail at the two ends up and down of rotational shell, the two ends up and down of rotational shell are provided with bearing, central fixed shaft is located by metal (upper.
5. multiple generator according to claim 1 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft and set casing, the superposition of several permanent-magnet disk generators is arranged in the space between center rotating shaft and set casing, described permanent-magnet disk generator is made up of permanent magnet rotating disk and discoid inductor coil, each permanent magnet rotating disc is made up of round tray and some permanent magnets, there are through hole in round tray central authorities, some permanent magnets are centered by this round tray center of circle, symmetrically, annularly be arranged in this round tray surface, and make the magnetic polarity of adjacent permanent magnet different, each discoid inductor coil is made up of a rigid disc shape framework and some groups of inductor coils, there are through hole in each rigid disc shape framework central authorities, each group of inductor coil along rigid disc shape framework centre point balancedly, divide layout symmetrically, each group of inductor coil is fixed into disc by rigid disc shape framework, central fixed shaft runs through the through hole of each permanent magnet rotating disc and each discoid inductor coil central authorities, make several permanent magnet rotating disks and several discoid inductor coils in couples, respectively be arranged in the cavity of central fixed shaft and rotational shell formation, the lighting outlet of each discoid inductor coil is drawn from the cavity of central fixed shaft, whole permanent magnet rotating disk and center rotating shaft are fixed as a whole, whole discoid inductor coil and set casing are fixed as a whole.
6. the multiple generator according to claim 4 or 5 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: each generator inductor coil output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit separately, each full-wave rectifying circuit output terminal connects direct current cylinder manifold.
7. multiple generator according to claim 1 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of central fixed shaft and rotational shell, in several generators axially arranged, have at least one to be permanent magnet generator, all the other are excitation generator.
8. multiple generator according to claim 1 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft and set casing, in several generators axially arranged, have at least one to be permanent magnet generator, all the other are excitation generator.
9. multiple generator according to claim 1 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described transmission bracket is made up of center rotating shaft and set casing, in space between center rotating shaft and set casing, setting has a permanent magnet generator at least, two or more excitation generator group and gear shift, permanent magnet and the center rotating shaft of this permanent magnet generator are fixed, the inductor coil of this permanent magnet generator is arranged at set casing inwall, each excitation generator is also organized to be arranged in parallel by two excitation generators again and is formed, driving gear and the center rotating shaft of gear shift are fixed, and the driven gear of each excitation generator rotor shaft that same excitation generator is also organized and gear shift is fixed.
10. the multiple generator according to claim 7 or 8 or 9 axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: permanent magnet generator inductor coil current output terminal is after full wave rectifier process, both direct current cylinder manifold had been exported to, export again excitation power supply and control unit to, each excitation generator inductor coil current output terminal connects an independently full-wave rectifying circuit separately, each rectification circuit output end connects direct current cylinder manifold, excitation power supply and control unit provide field current for each excitation generator, the field current of excitation generator controls by excitation power supply and control unit, described permanent magnet generator inductor coil current output terminal is parallel with rotating speed collecting unit, the frequency signal of permanent magnet generator three-phase output current detects by this collecting unit, and export to excitation power supply and control unit, and then the size of each excitation generator excitation electric current is controlled respectively by excitation power supply and control unit.
11. multiple generators according to claim 2 or 4 or 7 axially arrange electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: described rotational shell is by upper end cap, lower end cap, frame is formed, upper end cap and lower end cap central position are respectively arranged with bearing, upper end cap and lower end cap respectively two ends upper and lower with frame are fixedly connected with, central fixed shaft is located by upper end cap bearing and lower end cap bearing, upper end cap and lower end cap are respectively arranged with scaffold, this scaffold is fixedly connected with the upper and lower end parts of resistance type blade, upper end cap and lower end cap are also respectively arranged with connecting support arm, this connecting support arm is fixedly connected with the level connection joint arm of lift-type blade respectively.
12. multiple generators according to claim 5 or 8 or 9 axially arrange electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system, it is characterized in that: the set casing of described transmission bracket is fixedly connected with blower fan pedestal, the partial fixing that the center rotating shaft of described transmission bracket stretches out from set casing upper end has connection bracket, and this connection bracket and lift-type blade, resistance type blade are fixed.
CN201520168247.4U 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 Multiple generator axially arranges electric flux Parallel opertation vertical axis wind power generation system Active CN204511777U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104763592A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-08 南京宇能新能源科技有限公司 Electric energy parallel output type vertical axis wind power generation system with axial power generators
CN107575334A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-12 天津大学 A kind of pipeline generating micro hydraulic turbine group

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104763592A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-08 南京宇能新能源科技有限公司 Electric energy parallel output type vertical axis wind power generation system with axial power generators
CN107575334A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-12 天津大学 A kind of pipeline generating micro hydraulic turbine group

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