CN204412618U - A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204412618U
CN204412618U CN201420753580.7U CN201420753580U CN204412618U CN 204412618 U CN204412618 U CN 204412618U CN 201420753580 U CN201420753580 U CN 201420753580U CN 204412618 U CN204412618 U CN 204412618U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sieve plate
rapeseed
cleaning device
casing
combined cleaning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420753580.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈前林
陈前忠
吴定华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Chen Shi Vegetable Seed King Grease Co Ltd
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Sichuan Chen Shi Vegetable Seed King Grease Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Sichuan Chen Shi Vegetable Seed King Grease Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan Chen Shi Vegetable Seed King Grease Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420753580.7U priority Critical patent/CN204412618U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204412618U publication Critical patent/CN204412618U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model adopts and discloses a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device, comprise casing, be arranged on casing left side top loading hopper, on the left of described casing, below is provided with air inlet, described air inlet is connected with a blower fan, described casing right hand top is provided with air outlet, described air outlet is connected with a deduster, described casing lower right side is provided with impurity discharging port and discharge gate, described cabinet front wall is also provided with a vibrating motor, upper sieve plate is provided with in described casing, middle sieve plate and lower sieve plate, the screen size of described upper sieve plate is 40*40mm, the screen size of described middle sieve plate is 20*20mm, the screen size of described lower sieve plate is 10*10mm.It is simple that the utility model provides a kind of structure, reasonable in design, and treating capacity is large, and cleaning effect is good and be applicable to the rapeseed combined cleaning device of high-moisture and high percentage of impurity.

Description

A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to rapeseed oil pretreating device, particularly relates to a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device.
Background technology
Mechanical-reaped rapeseed can realize harvesting, threshing, clean operation once completes, and efficiency is high, saving of work and time, compared with manual work, improves efficiency of crop, reduces results cost and loss late.Suitable receipts phase of rapeseed united reaper is comparatively strict, and the rapeseed harvest season often meets rainy weather, in order to not farming season by mistake, must rush-harvest and rush-plant, often need gather in the crops moisture higher than 16% rapeseed.In machine receipts process, due to brute force strike effect, some broken standing grain leaves, broken straw, pod angle and blue or green tender straw stalk slag are mingled in the rapeseed of just harvesting, and percentage of impurity is generally greater than 10%, sometimes up to 30%.When moisture is very high, rapeseed is together with impurity viscous, and cleaning is difficult.The rapeseed that this percentage of impurity is greater than 10% must be cleared up before oven dry, otherwise easily caused flow in drying machine smooth and dryer of rapeseed to block, production development accident time serious.
But current cleaning equipment is applicable to the material of moisture content 14% ~ 16% more.When mechanical-reaped rapeseed moisture higher than 16% time, the physical function parameters such as its unit weight, particle diameter, angle of friction, mobility, floating velocity all there occurs larger change, and the rapeseed moisture of united reaper results is higher, the broken standing grain leaf be mixed into, broken straw, pod angle and blue or green tender straw stalk slag also can increase, and make clean and classify more difficult.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the defect overcoming prior art, provides a kind of structure simple, reasonable in design, and treating capacity is large, and cleaning effect is good and be applicable to the rapeseed combined cleaning device of high-moisture and high percentage of impurity.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device, comprise casing, be arranged on the loading hopper of casing left side top, on the left of described casing, below is provided with air inlet, described air inlet is connected with a blower fan, described casing right hand top is provided with air outlet, described air outlet is connected with a deduster, described casing lower right side is provided with impurity discharging port and discharge gate, described cabinet front wall is also provided with a vibrating motor, upper sieve plate is provided with in described casing, middle sieve plate and lower sieve plate, the screen size of described upper sieve plate is 40*40mm, the screen size of described middle sieve plate is 20*20mm, the screen size of described lower sieve plate is 10*10mm.
Preferably, the percent opening of described upper sieve plate, middle sieve plate and lower sieve plate is 15% ~ 20%.
Preferably, the inclination angle of described upper sieve plate is 19 ° ~ 23 °, and the inclination angle of described middle sieve plate is 15 ° ~ 18 °, and the inclination angle of described lower sieve plate is 11 ° ~ 14 °.
Preferably, the inclination angle of described upper sieve plate is 21 °, and the inclination angle of described middle sieve plate is 17 °, and the inclination angle of described lower sieve plate is 13 °.
Preferably, the vibration frequency of described vibrating motor is 500 ~ 2000HZ.
Preferably, the mounting inclination angle degree of described vibrating motor is 10 ° ~ 80 °.
Preferably, the air quantity of described blower fan is 5000 ~ 8000m 3/ h.
Preferably, described casing left bottom is provided with height-adjustable leg.
Preferably, in the middle part of described loading hopper, net grid are installed.
Preferably, the mesh specification of described net grid is 45*45mm, 50*50mm or 55*55mm.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model structure is simple, reasonable in design.For the feature that the fiber impurity such as moisture height and broken straw in mechanical-reaped rapeseed is more, longer, the classification principle such as friction, sieve aperture sorting of selection by winnowing, mechanical oscillation and sieve plate is combined, make several classification power and stage division acting in conjunction, be applicable to the process of the rapeseed of high-moisture and high impurity content.When material is fallen upper sieve plate from feed hopper, because the sieve aperture of upper sieve plate and inclination angle are comparatively large, material is easier to move to compass screen surface is tiltedly lower and pass upper sieve plate, makes the preliminary classification of material, and isolates and be greater than the growing grass of screen size, long stalk etc. and mix greatly.Material is fallen middle sieve plate from multiple sieve apertures of upper sieve plate dispersedly, be subject to sieve plate vibration force and frictional force, self gravitation and aerodynamic acting in conjunction from bottom to top, make floating velocity and density is less, equivalent particle size is larger impurity is positioned at upper strata, and comparatively large, that equivalent particle size the is less material grain of floating velocity and density is positioned at lower floor, this sample grain and little the mixing of part are fallen on lower floor's sieve plate more evenly, dispersedly, and isolate large assorted little assorted with part.Sieve aperture and the inclination angle of lower sieve plate are minimum, and material, under the acting in conjunction of vibration force, sliding force and air-flow suspending power, realizes layering and classification.Finally, material grain comes together in discharge gate and discharges, and separated large assorted, the little assorted impurity discharging port that all comes together in is discharged, thus realizes cleaning and classification.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the advantage of the purpose of this utility model and technical scheme clearly understand, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example, the utility model is further elaborated.
A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device as shown in Figure 1, comprises casing 1, is arranged on the hopper 2 that casing 1 left side top adds.Be provided with net grid 14 in the middle part of described loading hopper, specification is 45*45mm, 50*50mm or 55*55mm, can remove gunnysack, grow large thick impurity such as restricting, grow grass.On the left of described casing 1, below is provided with air inlet 3, and described air inlet 3 is connected with a blower fan 4.Described casing 1 right hand top is provided with air outlet 5, and described air outlet is connected with a deduster 6, avoids dust from flying.Upper sieve plate 7, middle sieve plate 8 and lower sieve plate 9 is provided with in described casing 1.Described casing 1 lower right side is provided with impurity discharging port 10 and discharge gate 11, and described casing 1 front side wall is also provided with a vibrating motor 12.The percent opening of described upper sieve plate 7, middle sieve plate 8 and lower sieve plate 9 is 15% ~ 20%, when percent opening is 16.5% separation and the classification utilizing material.The screen size of described upper sieve plate 7 is 40*40mm, and the screen size of described middle sieve plate 8 is 20*20mm, and the screen size of described lower sieve plate 9 is 10*10mm, is realized the separation of different thicknesses impurity by sieve aperture.Inclination angle and the sieve aperture of upper sieve plate 7 are maximum, and Main Function is that mechanical-reaped rapeseed is dropped on middle sieve plate 8 more dispersedly, and isolates long straw class impurity.Inclination angle and the sieve aperture of middle sieve plate 8 take second place, and mainly isolate longer straw class impurity and rapeseed is dropped on lower floor's sieve plate more equably.Inclination angle and the sieve aperture of lower sieve plate 9 are less, little assorted in main separating oil vegetable seed.The inclination angle of described upper sieve plate 7 is 19 ° ~ 23 °, and the inclination angle of described middle sieve plate 8 is 15 ° ~ 18 °, and the inclination angle of described lower sieve plate 9 is 11 ° ~ 14 °.When the inclination angle of described upper sieve plate 7 is 21 °, the inclination angle of described middle sieve plate 8 is 17 °, when the inclination angle of described lower sieve plate 9 is 13 °, is beneficial to the relative motion between rapeseed particle and sieve plate.The vibration frequency of described vibrating motor 12 is 500 ~ 2000HZ, and when effectiveness comparison is given prominence to, the vibration frequency of vibrating motor 12 is 1450Hz, amplitude 8mm.The mounting inclination angle degree of described vibrating motor 12 is 10 ° ~ 80 °, is conducive to rolling and the slip of material, prevents material from jumping, thus be conducive to layering and classification when mounting inclination angle degree is 45 ° ~ 50 °.The air quantity of described blower fan is 5000 ~ 8000m 3/ h, when air quantity is at 6500 ~ 7500 m 3/ h, is conducive to the viscous force overcome between rapeseed and impurity.Described casing 1 left bottom is provided with height-adjustable leg 13, can the inclination angle of integrally-regulated casing 1, can adjust according to the inclination angle of factor to casing 1 such as the moisture of rapeseed, granularity, impurity contents, make the rapeseed impurity content after clearing up be less than 2%, in impurity, rapeseed content is less than 0.2%.
Working method of the present utility model is: rapeseed adds from loading hopper 2, removes the large thick impurity such as 14 remove gunnysack, length is restricted, grow grass through net grid.Upper sieve plate 7, middle sieve plate 8 and lower sieve plate 9 that vibrating motor 12 orders about in casing 1 and casing 1 vibrate.Blower fan 4 is blown into air from air inlet 3 in casing 1 simultaneously.Rapeseed moves downward, and air-flow up moves.Under vibration, selection by winnowing, friction and sieving actoion, be separated the long straw class impurity of removing through upper sieve plate 7, what rapeseed was comparatively disperseed falls on middle sieve plate 8.Fall the rapeseed on sieve plate 8, mainly isolate longer straw class impurity and rapeseed is dropped on lower floor's sieve plate 9 more equably.Inclination angle and the sieve aperture of lower floor's sieve plate 9 are less, the small impurities in main separating oil vegetable seed.Rapeseed after removal of impurities is separated is discharged from discharge gate 11, and impurity is discharged from impurity discharging port 10.
The utility model structure is simple, reasonable in design.For the feature that the fiber impurity such as moisture height and broken straw in mechanical-reaped rapeseed is more, longer, the classification principle such as friction, sieve aperture sorting of selection by winnowing, mechanical oscillation and sieve plate is combined, make several classification power and stage division acting in conjunction, be applicable to the process of the rapeseed of high-moisture and high impurity content.When material is fallen upper sieve plate from feed hopper, because the sieve aperture of upper sieve plate and inclination angle are comparatively large, material is easier to move to compass screen surface is tiltedly lower and pass upper sieve plate, makes the preliminary classification of material, and isolates and be greater than the growing grass of screen size, long stalk etc. and mix greatly.Material is fallen middle sieve plate from multiple sieve apertures of upper sieve plate dispersedly, be subject to sieve plate vibration force and frictional force, self gravitation and aerodynamic acting in conjunction from bottom to top, make floating velocity and density is less, equivalent particle size is larger impurity is positioned at upper strata, and comparatively large, that equivalent particle size the is less material grain of floating velocity and density is positioned at lower floor, this sample grain and little the mixing of part are fallen on lower floor's sieve plate more evenly, dispersedly, and isolate large assorted little assorted with part.Sieve aperture and the inclination angle of lower sieve plate are minimum, and material, under the acting in conjunction of vibration force, sliding force and air-flow suspending power, realizes layering and classification.Finally, material grain comes together in discharge gate and discharges, and separated large assorted, the little assorted impurity discharging port that all comes together in is discharged, thus realizes cleaning and classification.

Claims (10)

1. a rapeseed combined cleaning device, comprise casing (1), be arranged on the loading hopper (2) of casing (1) left side top, below, described casing (1) left side is provided with air inlet (3), described air inlet (3) is connected with a blower fan (4), described casing (1) right hand top is provided with air outlet (5), described casing (1) lower right side is provided with impurity discharging port (10) and discharge gate (11), described casing (1) front side wall is also provided with a vibrating motor (12), described air outlet (5) is connected with a deduster (6), it is characterized in that: in described casing (1), be provided with upper sieve plate (7), middle sieve plate (8) and lower sieve plate (9), the screen size of described upper sieve plate (7) is 40*40mm, the screen size of described middle sieve plate (8) is 20*20mm, the screen size of described lower sieve plate (9) is 10*10mm.
2. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the percent opening of described upper sieve plate (7), middle sieve plate (8) and lower sieve plate (9) is 15% ~ 20%.
3. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the inclination angle of described upper sieve plate (7) is 19 ° ~ 23 °, and the inclination angle of described middle sieve plate (8) is 15 ° ~ 18 °, and the inclination angle of described lower sieve plate (9) is 11 ° ~ 14 °.
4. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the inclination angle of described upper sieve plate (7) is 21 °, the inclination angle of described middle sieve plate (8) is 17 °, and the inclination angle of described lower sieve plate (9) is 13 °.
5. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the vibration frequency of described vibrating motor (12) is 500 ~ 2000HZ.
6. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the mounting inclination angle degree of described vibrating motor (12) is 10 ° ~ 80 °.
7. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the air quantity of described blower fan (4) is 5000 ~ 8000m 3/ h.
8. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described casing (1) left bottom is provided with height-adjustable leg (13).
9. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described loading hopper (2) middle part is provided with net grid (14).
10. a kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device according to claim 9, is characterized in that: the mesh specification of described net grid (14) is 45*45mm, 50*50mm or 55*55mm.
CN201420753580.7U 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device Expired - Fee Related CN204412618U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420753580.7U CN204412618U (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420753580.7U CN204412618U (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 A kind of rapeseed combined cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204412618U true CN204412618U (en) 2015-06-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107520116A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-12-29 汪保华 A kind of impurity removing equipment for rapeseed
CN107952670A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-24 郑州丽福爱生物技术有限公司 A kind of safe and efficient device for vibration screening of cereal

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107520116A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-12-29 汪保华 A kind of impurity removing equipment for rapeseed
CN107952670A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-24 郑州丽福爱生物技术有限公司 A kind of safe and efficient device for vibration screening of cereal

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150624

Termination date: 20151205

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model