CN204367006U - A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device - Google Patents

A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204367006U
CN204367006U CN201420843879.1U CN201420843879U CN204367006U CN 204367006 U CN204367006 U CN 204367006U CN 201420843879 U CN201420843879 U CN 201420843879U CN 204367006 U CN204367006 U CN 204367006U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stripping
cassava
slicing device
support
slicing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420843879.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁越锦
焦龙
雷旭
徐英英
曹博涛
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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201420843879.1U priority Critical patent/CN204367006U/en
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Publication of CN204367006U publication Critical patent/CN204367006U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device, comprise support, feed arrangement, pay-off, stripping and slicing device and control device; Feed arrangement adopts vibration feeding manner, comprises and is arranged on vibrating motor on vibration rack and feed well; Pay-off docks with the feed well in feed arrangement, adopts conveyer belt and force feed band jointly to coordinate and carries out feeding; Stripping and slicing device is positioned at the end of pay-off, comprising knife rest and is arranged on the cutting knife on knife rest, also comprising heavy motor and the gear frame for driving cutting knife; Control device comprises cutting knife travel switch and travel switch.Solve existing rotating disc type dicer stripping and slicing weak effect, stripping and slicing is uneven, and is easily smashed by cassava, have impact on the problem of the quality of final products.

Description

A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to food processing equipment technical field, relates to a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device.
Background technology
Current world cassava production, every year at about 2.5 hundred million tons, is worth about 1,000 hundred million dollars.Food and agricultural organization reports that Africa provides the only about half of of world's cassava supply, and Nigeria then occupy the first in Africa, produce about 4,500 ten thousand tons per year, be worth about 18,000,000,000 dollars, account for greatly 1/3rd of African output.Cassava is mainly used in making cassava and does and tapioca, in manufacturing process, needs to be carried out stripping and slicing, chopping, dries, grinding etc.Nigeria's cassava length is about 300mm-500mm, and diameter is about 180mm-200mm, larger than domestic cassava profile, so during stripping and slicing, is difficult to reach technological requirement.At present, domestic dicer used, at feed well, owing to not taking any measure, can cause cassava stacking, not charging; Meanwhile, domestic used be all rotating disc type dicer substantially, by disk rotational, make the cassava on the cutter cutting conveyer belt on disk, be difficult to the size accurately controlling stripping and slicing like this, and easily cassava smashed; In addition, when stripping and slicing, cassava can tilt with the action of cutting knife or moves and change position, easily causes stripping and slicing irregular, have impact on cutting effect.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device, and solve existing rotating disc type dicer stripping and slicing weak effect, stripping and slicing is uneven, and is easily smashed by cassava, have impact on the problem of the quality of final products.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is, a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device, comprises support, feed arrangement, pay-off, stripping and slicing device and control device; Feed arrangement adopts vibration feeding manner, comprises and is arranged on vibrating motor on vibration rack and feed well; Pay-off docks with the feed well in feed arrangement, adopts conveyer belt and force feed band jointly to coordinate and carries out feeding; Stripping and slicing device is positioned at the end of pay-off, comprising knife rest and is arranged on the cutting knife on knife rest, also comprising heavy motor and the gear frame for driving cutting knife; Control device comprises cutting knife travel switch and travel switch.
Feature of the present utility model is also,
Wherein, the vibration rack in feed arrangement is rack-mount by four compression springs, and feed well is fixedly mounted on vibration rack.
Wherein, feed well is by the downward-sloping angle in direction of charging.
Wherein, pay-off also comprises rack-mount small machine, and small machine is connected near charging aperture one end with conveyer belt by chain, and conveyer belt is installed on support by bearing block, and mutually concordant with the end of feed well; Force feed band is positioned at above conveyer belt, and the stiff end of force feed band near charging aperture, and is directly connected with support; The movable end of force feed band near discharging opening, and is connected with support by two springs.
Wherein, stripping and slicing device comprises the heavy motor and gear frame that are arranged on support bottom, the axle of heavy motor is connected with disk, disk is kept to the side and is partly connected with gear frame by connecting rod, the top of gear frame is vertically installed with two knife rests by hex bolts and linear bearing, and two knife rest tops use steel plate to be fixed and link together; Steel plate is provided with cutting knife travel switch, linear bearing moves up and down on knife rest, and cutting knife is fixed by hex bolts and linear bearing.
Wherein, the rear of knife rest is provided with postive stop baffle, and postive stop baffle is provided with travel switch, and postive stop baffle is contained in the notch on support.
Wherein, support is also provided with the protective cover playing safe and dust-proof effect, protective cover bottom is fixed on the support below conveyer belt.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, this device adopts vibrating motor feed arrangement, prevent charging aperture cassava amount large, mutual extruding, cannot continuous feed, adopt double conveyor pay-off, top force feed band can avoid cassava one end when stripping and slicing to tilt simultaneously, thus it is uneven to improve stripping and slicing, do not reach the problem of technological requirement.Adopt travel switch to control the process of stripping and slicing, Cutting Length can be controlled better, thus ensure the effect of stripping and slicing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the right TV structure schematic diagram of a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the cutting knife part of a kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of this practical control device.
In figure, 1. support, 2. compression spring, 3. vibrating motor; 4. vibration rack, 5. small machine, 6. sprocket wheel, 7. bearing block; 8. feed well, 9. conveyer belt, 10. protective cover, 11. force feed bands; 12. gear frames, 13. bolts, 14. cutting knife travel switches, 15. linear bearings; 16. cutting knifes, 17. postive stop baffles, 18. travel switches, 19. knife rests; 20. springs, 21. connecting rods, 22. disks, 23. heavy motor.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in detail.
A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the utility model, as shown in Figure 1, comprises support 1, feed arrangement, pay-off, stripping and slicing device and control device.Feed arrangement adopts vibration feeding manner, comprises and is arranged on vibrating motor 3 on vibration rack 4 and feed well 8; Pay-off docks with the feed well 8 in feed arrangement, adopts conveyer belt 9 and force feed band 11 jointly to coordinate and carries out feeding; Stripping and slicing device is positioned at the end of pay-off, and the cutting knife 16 comprising knife rest 19 and be arranged on knife rest 19, also comprises heavy motor 23 and the gear frame 12 for driving cutting knife 16; Control device comprises cutting knife travel switch 14 and travel switch 18.
Feed arrangement comprises the vibration rack 4 above four compression spring 2 abutment pressure springs 2 being arranged on support 1, and vibration rack 4 is provided with vibrating motor 3 and feed well 8, feed well 8 is fixed on vibration rack 4 by four angle bar; The downward-sloping angle in direction by charging of feed well 8.
Pay-off comprises and is arranged on small machine 5 on support 1 and conveyer belt 9, and small machine 5 is connected near charging aperture one end with conveyer belt 9 by chain 6, and conveyer belt 9 is installed on support 1 by bearing block 7, and mutually concordant with the end of feed well 8; Force feed band 11 is positioned at above conveyer belt 9, and the stiff end of force feed band 11 near charging aperture, and is directly connected with support 1; The movable end of force feed band 11 near discharging opening, and is connected with support 1 by two springs 20.
As shown in Figure 2, stripping and slicing device comprises the heavy motor 23 and gear frame 12 that are arranged on support 1 bottom, the axle of heavy motor 23 is connected with disk 22, disk 22 is kept to the side and is partly connected with gear frame 12 by connecting rod 21, the top of gear frame 12 is vertically installed with two knife rests, 19, two knife rest 19 tops by hex bolts 13 and linear bearing 15 and uses steel plate to be fixed connection.As shown in Figure 3, steel plate is provided with cutting knife travel switch 14, linear bearing 15 moves up and down on knife rest 19, and cutting knife 16 is fixed by hex bolts and linear bearing 15.
As shown in Figure 4, the rear of knife rest 19 is provided with postive stop baffle 17, postive stop baffle 17 is provided with travel switch 18, and postive stop baffle 17 is contained in the notch on support 1, and connecting portion can move forward and backward the size determining stripping and slicing in notch.
Large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the present utility model is also provided with protective cover 10; protective cover 10 bottom is fixed on the support 1 below conveyer belt 9; for conveyer belt 9 and stripping and slicing device cover being got up, whole body uses protective cover 10 to protect, and plays safe and dust-proof effect.
Control procedure of the present utility model is undertaken by two travel switches and its relevant circuit, as shown in Figure 5, two circuit form interlocked relationship, control circuit operation principle is, when the travel switch 18 (SB2) on postive stop baffle 17 is closed, and the coil electricity of contactor KM1, by self-locking by the adhesive of contactor KM1 normally opened contact, cutting knife 16 action, with contactor KM1 normally-closed contact disconnection constantly, contactor KM2 quits work; Conveyer belt 9 stops.When the travel switch 14 (SB4) be arranged on knife rest 19 is closed, contactor KM2 coil electricity, by the self-locking of contactor by the adhesive of contactor KM2 normally opened contact, conveyer belt 9 action, KM2 normally-closed contact disconnects simultaneously, and contactor KM1 quits work, and cutting knife 16 stops action.
The course of work of the present utility model is: after Vibration on Start-up motor 3, motor Self generating oscillations, drives the vibration rack 4 be arranged on compression spring 2 to vibrate, vibration rack 4 and feed well 8 one, therefore feed well 8 also starts vibration.After cassava falls into feed well 8, meeting is ordered arrangement along with the vibration of feed well 8, is served conveyer belt 9.Start small machine 5, conveyer belt 9 is driven to move by chain 6, cassava is moved to discharging direction after feed well 8 enters conveyer belt 9, enter force feed band 11 scope subsequently, under the elastic force effect of spring 20, cassava is fixed by conveyer belt 9 and force feed band 11, moves to cutting knife 16 direction, this ensure that cassava is moved and stability during stripping and slicing.Start heavy motor 23, heavy motor 23 drives disk 22 to rotate, and can rotate at the connecting rod 21 of disk 22 edge conjunction with disk 22, thus drives the gear frame 12 of top to move up and down.Cassava move exceed conveyer belt 9 end and touching postive stop baffle 17 after travel switch 18 after, travel switch 18 action, cutting knife 16 declines, and conveyer belt 9 stops, and is cut off by cassava.After cassava is cut-off, cutting knife 16 rises, and the travel switch 14 on touching knife rest 19 top, cutting knife 16 stops, and conveyer belt 9 moves, and cassava touches the travel switch on postive stop baffle 17 again, moves in circles, and completes stripping and slicing action.
A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device of the utility model, in its feed arrangement, vibration rack is used for the position of fixing vibrating motor and feed well, in addition, simultaneously because Nigeria's cassava length is about 300mm-500mm, diameter is about 180mm-200mm, therefore select feed well height to be 300mm-500mm, to ensure that cassava can not roll, feed well width is 200mm-260mm simultaneously, to ensure that cassava non-transverse can serve conveyer belt, feed well length is 600mm-1000mm, and such setting can be accomplished only to allow individual layer cassava longitudinally to enter.Avoid cassava stacking on a moving belt and be difficult to by force feed band, causing producing stopping or laterally sending into conveyer belt, do not reach the effect of stripping and slicing.
Use vibrating motor mainly because cassava is in tilted-putted feed well, due to cassava itself weight comparatively greatly, and do not stop to add cassava to charging spout, cassava is likely subject to the extruding of charging spout and protective cover and stacking.Vibrating motor can give conveyer belt continuous, even feeding by vibration.The compression spring used can ensure the stability of support, the vibrating effect of vibrating motor can be made to maximize simultaneously.
This device adopts double conveyor pay-off, cassava is moved to discharging opening direction after feed well 8 enters conveyer belt 9, enter force feed band 11 scope subsequently, under the elastic force effect of spring 20, cassava is fixed by conveyer belt 9 and force feed band 11, move to cutting knife 16 direction, this ensure that cassava is moved and stability during stripping and slicing.Top force feed band can avoid cassava one end when stripping and slicing to tilt, thus when causing cutting next time, due to the change of cassava position, stripping and slicing is uneven, and do not reach the problem of technological requirement, force feed band does not have motor to drive, and relies on cassava to rotate its friction.。The reason selecting chain to transmit is to prevent drive and conveyer belt from producing friction, and the reason selecting chain to transmit is that the bearing block of fixing conveyer belt bearing is subdivision vertical shaft bearing in order to prevent drive and conveyer belt from producing friction,
The stripping and slicing device that this device adopts, disk wherein and connecting rod and gear frame form a linkage, ensure cutting knife knee-action.Gear frame is connected with linear bearing with the hex bolts of knife rest by M8.The linear bearing be fixed on knife rest can drive cutting knife action.Linear bearing is enclosed type ball bushing.
This device adopts travel switch to control stripping and slicing, and the postive stop baffle be positioned at outside conveyer belt end can control the Cutting Length of cassava, solves conventional apparatus cassava when moving with conveyer belt, cannot precise positioning Cutting Length thus the problem causing stripping and slicing effect undesirable.And traditional cutter sweep is when cutting, the cassava of movement is stopped by cutting knife, makes cassava and conveyer belt friction, reduces cassava quality, simultaneously due to thrust, can affect the life-span of cutting knife.

Claims (7)

1. a large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device, is characterized in that, comprises support (1), feed arrangement, pay-off, stripping and slicing device and control device; Described feed arrangement adopts vibration feeding manner, comprises and is arranged on vibrating motor (3) on vibration rack (4) and feed well (8); Described pay-off docks with the feed well (8) in feed arrangement, adopts conveyer belt (9) and force feed band (11) jointly to coordinate and carries out feeding; Described stripping and slicing device is positioned at the end of pay-off, comprising knife rest (19) and be arranged on the cutting knife (16) on knife rest (19), also comprising the heavy motor (23) for driving cutting knife (16) and gear frame (12); Described control device comprises cutting knife travel switch (14) and travel switch (18).
2. large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, vibration rack (4) in described feed arrangement is arranged on support (1) by four compression springs (2), and described feed well (8) is fixedly mounted on vibration rack (4).
3. large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described feed well (8) is by the downward-sloping angle in the direction of charging.
4. large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pay-off also comprises the small machine (5) be arranged on support (1), described small machine (5) is connected near charging aperture one end with conveyer belt (9) by chain (6), described conveyer belt (9) is installed on support (1) by bearing block (7), and mutually concordant with the end of feed well (8); Force feed band (11) is positioned at conveyer belt (9) top, and the stiff end of force feed band (11) near charging aperture, and is directly connected with support (1); The movable end of described force feed band (11) near discharging opening, and is connected with support (1) by two springs (20).
5. large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described stripping and slicing device comprises the heavy motor (23) and gear frame (12) that are arranged on support (1) bottom, the axle of described heavy motor (23) is connected with disk (22), disk (22) is kept to the side and is partly connected with gear frame (12) by connecting rod (21), the top of described gear frame (12) is vertically installed with two knife rests (19) by hex bolts (13) and linear bearing (15), two knife rest (19) tops use steel plate to be fixed and link together, steel plate is provided with cutting knife travel switch (14), linear bearing (15) moves up and down on knife rest (19), and cutting knife (16) is fixed by hex bolts and linear bearing (15).
6. large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the rear of described knife rest (19) is provided with postive stop baffle (17), described postive stop baffle (17) is provided with travel switch (18), and described postive stop baffle (17) is contained in the notch on support (1).
7. large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; described support (1) is also provided with the protective cover (10) playing safe and dust-proof effect, described protective cover (10) bottom is fixed on the support (1) of conveyer belt (9) below.
CN201420843879.1U 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device Expired - Fee Related CN204367006U (en)

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CN201420843879.1U CN204367006U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420843879.1U CN204367006U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of large-scale cassava stripping and slicing device

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106476063A (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-03-08 广西大学 A kind of slicing machine for cassave
CN106625825A (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-05-10 山东银鹰炊事机械有限公司 Shelled melon-seed chopper
CN108044659A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-18 黎勇权 A kind of automatic machine for cutting vermicelli
CN108432390A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-24 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 A kind of cassava seed stems cut kind of a device
CN108582180A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-28 新乡市雷公饮片有限责任公司 A kind of prepared slices of Chinese crude drugs slicer
CN111758495A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-10-13 王业根 Impact separation device for fresh poria cocos blocks

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106625825A (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-05-10 山东银鹰炊事机械有限公司 Shelled melon-seed chopper
CN106625825B (en) * 2015-08-20 2018-04-03 山东银鹰炊事机械有限公司 A kind of shelled melon seed shredding machine
CN106476063A (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-03-08 广西大学 A kind of slicing machine for cassave
CN108044659A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-18 黎勇权 A kind of automatic machine for cutting vermicelli
CN108582180A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-28 新乡市雷公饮片有限责任公司 A kind of prepared slices of Chinese crude drugs slicer
CN108432390A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-24 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 A kind of cassava seed stems cut kind of a device
CN111758495A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-10-13 王业根 Impact separation device for fresh poria cocos blocks

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150603

Termination date: 20151226

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model