CN204277999U - A kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture - Google Patents

A kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204277999U
CN204277999U CN201420704379.XU CN201420704379U CN204277999U CN 204277999 U CN204277999 U CN 204277999U CN 201420704379 U CN201420704379 U CN 201420704379U CN 204277999 U CN204277999 U CN 204277999U
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China
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axis
mechanical arm
axle
deceleration
plate
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CN201420704379.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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王念峰
郑超超
刘景辉
张宪民
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture, comprise base, along the elevating bracket that Z-direction moves up and down under the position-limiting action of screw mandrel and screw mandrel nut and guideway; First mechanical arm, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the X-axis parallel with Z axis is arranged on described elevating bracket; Y-axis lid, is installed on the first mechanical arm, supporting Y-axis deceleration device one axle and Y-axis deceleration device two axle, and has the through hole run through for Y-axis servo motor shaft, Y-axis deceleration device one axle and Y-axis deceleration device two axle; Second mechanical arm, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the Y-axis parallel with X-axis is arranged on described first mechanical arm; Operation main shaft, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the R axle parallel with Y-axis is arranged on above-mentioned second mechanical arm.Novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture provided by the utility model is simple, cost is low, have larger working space and higher homework precision.

Description

A kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Industrial Robot Technology field, particularly relates to a kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture.
Background technology
Robotics is multi-disciplinary integrated use, industrial robot realizes autokinetic movement by joint of robot, in numerous type machine people, selective compliance assembly robot arm's volume is little, transmission principle is simple, and motion planar has larger flexibility, along moving of lifting shaft, there is very strong rigidity, be applicable to very much being applied to the repetitive tasks such as carrying, welding and assembling, be therefore used widely in the industrial production.Industrial Robot Technology also combines the multi-door most advanced and sophisticated subjects such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, microelectronic engineering, computer engineering, control engineering, bionics and artificial intelligence engineering.Combine it and computer aided design system, computer aided manufacture system application, is the latest development trend of modern manufacturing industry automation.
Articulated robot, also claiming joint arm robot or joint Manipulator arm, is one of form of modal industrial robot in current industrial circle.Be suitable for the machine automatization equalization of many industrial circles, such as, automatically assemble, spray paint, carry, the work such as welding.Articulated robot can be divided into a variety of according to job specification, such as: transfer robot, and spot welding robot, arc welding robot, paint-spray robot, laser cutting machine people etc.
As four-degree-of-freedom selective compliance assembly robot arm, in general, the low cost of manufacture of certain desired plane revolute robot, also expect that this selective compliance assembly robot arm's movable range is comparatively large, positioning precision is higher, structure is simple simultaneously and can adapt to narrow space make damage border.And traditional four-degree-of-freedom revolute robot, complex structure, its manufacturing cost is higher, and price is still the key element becoming its extensive use in society of restriction.
Utility model content
For the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture, can make that the movable range of plane articulation robot is comparatively large, positioning precision is higher, structure is simple and the environment of narrow space can be adapted to, also reduce this plane articulation robot building cost simultaneously.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model by the following technical solutions:
A kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture, comprising: the base playing supporting and cushioning effect; Along the elevating bracket that Z-direction moves up and down under the position-limiting action of screw mandrel and screw mandrel nut and guideway; First mechanical arm, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the X-axis parallel with Z axis is arranged on described elevating bracket; Y-axis lid, is installed on the first mechanical arm, supporting Y-axis deceleration device one axle and Y-axis deceleration device two axle, and has the through hole run through for Y-axis servo motor shaft, Y-axis deceleration device one axle and Y-axis deceleration device two axle; Second mechanical arm, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the Y-axis parallel with X-axis is arranged on described first mechanical arm; Operation main shaft, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the R axle parallel with Y-axis is arranged on above-mentioned second mechanical arm; R shaft-cup, is installed on the second mechanical arm, supports work main shaft, and has the through hole run through for described operation main shaft;
Described base comprises the front vertical plate vertically be arranged in parallel, rear vertical plate, and be connected in top board and the base plate of front vertical plate and rear vertical plate top and bottom respectively, the lower end of described screw mandrel coordinates with the first angular contact ball bearing be arranged in base bearing (setting) plate, described base bearing (setting) plate is fixed on base plate, the upper end of described screw mandrel is connected with the Z axis servomotor be arranged on top board by shaft coupling, described screw mandrel epimere is also provided with the triangle contact ball bearing that bearing (setting) plate is fixed on epimere inside rear vertical plate, described elevating bracket is connected with elevating bracket connecting plate, described screw mandrel nut is fixedly connected with elevating bracket connecting plate by nut fixed head, described guideway comprises two and is vertically fixed on the guide rail between bearing (setting) plate and base bearing (setting) plate and is fixed on the slide block coordinated on elevating bracket connecting plate and with slide,
X-axis servomotor is connected with the input of X-axis harmonic speed reducer, and fix on the first mechanical arm by the second screw, the output of described X-axis harmonic speed reducer is connected with elevating bracket by the first screw, thus drives the parts on the first mechanical arm and the first mechanical arm to rotate around X-axis;
Y-axis servomotor is fixed on Y-axis lid, described Y-axis lid is arranged on the first mechanical arm, Y-axis servomotor is connected with Y-axis one-level driving pulley, Y-axis one-level driving pulley and the Y-axis one-level driven pulley be arranged on Y-axis deceleration device two axle are driven by Timing Belt and are connected, be arranged on Y-axis secondary driving pulley on Y-axis deceleration device two axle and be arranged on Y-axis deceleration device one axle Y-axis secondary driven pulley and driven by Timing Belt and be connected, be arranged on Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys on Y-axis deceleration device one axle and the three grades of driven pulleys be arranged on joint shaft to be driven by Timing Belt and be connected, thus drive the parts on the second mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm to rotate around Y-axis, described Y-axis deceleration device one axle and Y-axis deceleration device two axle are set in parallel between the first mechanical arm and Y-axis lid respectively by the first deep groove ball bearing and the second deep groove ball bearing,
Joint shaft hypomere is coordinated by the shaft shoulder with the second angular contact ball bearing be contained in the first mechanical arm, described joint shaft and the second angular contact ball bearing adopt interference fit, installing hole on described first mechanical arm and the second angular contact ball bearing adopt interference fits, the bottom of described first mechanical arm installing hole has a bearing baffle to be closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm by the 3rd screw, the top of described first mechanical arm installing hole has a bearing upper shield to be closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm, described second mechanical arm and Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys are connected with joint shaft by the first flat key, for transmitting torque, the top of described joint shaft is fixedly connected with the second mechanical arm by the second flat key, joint shaft top is provided with round nut simultaneously, joint shaft between described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys and the second mechanical arm is provided with the axial location of sleeve for the second mechanical arm,
Described R shaft-cup is fixedly connected with the second mechanical arm, described R axle servomotor is fixed on the second mechanical arm by motor rack, described operation main shaft matches with the 3rd deep groove ball bearing be arranged on respectively in R shaft-cup and the second mechanical arm and the 4th deep groove ball bearing, R axle servomotor drives with R axle driving pulley and is connected, R axle driving pulley to be driven with the R axle driven pulley being connected in operation main shaft epimere by Timing Belt and is connected, thus drives the parts on operation main shaft and operation main shaft to rotate along R axle.
Further, described Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys, Y-axis secondary driven pulley, Y-axis secondary driving pulley, Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys, R axle driving pulley, R axle driven pulley, Y-axis one-level driven pulley, Y-axis one-level driving pulley all adopt arc tooth synchronous belt to take turns, be compared to the square shaped teeth of ladder type toothed timing wheel and T-shaped synchronous pulley, arc tooth synchronous belt wheel can meet powerful transmission, and its transmission power is than ladder type tooth and large 3-5 times of T-shaped tooth.
Further, described elevating bracket connecting plate is provided with synchronization-moving baffle plate, the rear vertical plate of described base is fixed with the travel switch matched with described baffle plate, stroke range when volitional check elevating bracket moves up and down, pre-antioverloading.
Further, described guide rail is symmetrically arranged with four slide blocks coordinated with slide, substantially increases the stationarity that on elevating bracket and elevating bracket, other parts move up and down, also improve the positioning precision of plane articulation robot simultaneously.
Further, the speed reducing ratio of described X-axis harmonic speed reducer is 50:1; The speed reducing ratio of described Y-axis one-level driving pulley and Y-axis one-level driven pulley is 4:1, and the speed reducing ratio of Y-axis secondary driving pulley and Y-axis secondary driven pulley is 3:1, and the speed reducing ratio of Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys and Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys is 4:1; The speed reducing ratio of described R axle driven pulley and R axle driving pulley is 4:1.
Further, between the screw thread of described screw mandrel and screw mandrel nut, be provided with ball, form ball wire bar pair, ball screw assembly, utilizes ball moving, so staring torque is minimum, there will not be the creeping phenomenon that sliding motion is such, can ensure to realize accurate Fine Feed.
Further, described second mechanical arm is provided with the oval through hole for installing and regulate motor rack and operation main shaft relative position, the convenient rate of tension being regulated Timing Belt by mobile motor frame.
Further, described Y-axis lid side is provided with oval through hole, the Timing Belt roller be bolted on oval through hole is provided with inside described Y-axis lid, described Timing Belt roller comprises roller frame, the roller axle be fixed on roller frame, inner ring are fixed on roller axle and outer ring is provided with the roller bearing of circlip, by movement synchronous belt roller, can conveniently realize regulating the rate of tension of each synchronous pulley, the vibration & noise stopped the relaxation in installation process and produce in motion process.
Further, described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys, R axle driven pulley, Y-axis one-level driven pulley, Y-axis secondary driven pulley are provided with the some manholes for reducing deadweight, with the watt level of the rotary inertia and R axle servomotor and Y-axis servomotor that reduce the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm.
Compared to existing technology, the utility model tool has the following advantages:
Adopt harmonic speed reducer as its deceleration device, simultaneously again can as support component, driving-chain compact conformation is simple, meet development trend, the form adopting synchronous pulley to slow down, is conducive to the arrangement of parts, motor can be placed near joint, the inertia of reduce engine mechanical arm;
As the one of four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot, novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot in the utility model by the lifting ring layout that moves up and down in base portion, substantially reduce the rotary inertia of elevating bracket, the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm, improve stability and the positioning precision of plane articulation robot;
The form that in the utility model, the transmission device link of Y-axis servomotor and R axle servomotor all adopts synchronous pulley to slow down, because the manipulating object faced by the underloading plane articulation robot in the utility model is semi-conducting material, because its weight is very little, the rotating torque needed is very little, so adopt level synchronization belt wheel deceleration device for the deceleration device link of R axle servomotor.For the deceleration device link of Y-axis servomotor, because the gross weight of other parts on the second mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm is larger, the rotating torque needed is also larger, so the form that the deceleration device link of Y-axis servomotor adopts three grades of synchronous pulleys to slow down, speed reducing ratio can reach 48:1, meets the torque-demand of other parts on the second mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional schematic of the Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot involved by the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of the Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot involved by the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of the Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot involved by the utility model embodiment.
The base of Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot involved by Fig. 4 the utility model embodiment and the exploded perspective view of internal structure thereof.
Fig. 5 is the Timing Belt roller structural representation of the utility model Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot.
Fig. 6 is the view of the movable range state of the utility model Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot mechanical arm.
In figure: 1. screw mandrel nut; 2. the first angular contact ball bearing; 3. base; 4. base bearing (setting) plate; 5. nut fixed head; 6. screw mandrel; 7. elevating bracket connecting plate; 8. the first screw; 9. elevating bracket; 10. X-axis harmonic speed reducer; 11. second screws; 12. Y-axis three grades driving pulleys; 13. first deep groove ball bearings; 14. first mechanical arms; 15. second deep groove ball bearings; 16. the 3rd screws; 17. bearing upper shields; 18. second angular contact ball bearings; 19. bearing baffles; 20. joint shafts; 21. first flat keys; 22. Y-axis three grades driven pulleys; 23. second mechanical arms; 24. the 4th deep groove ball bearings; 25. operation main shafts; 26. R shaft-cup; 27. R axle driven pulleys; 28. the 3rd deep groove ball bearings; 29. R axle driving pulleys; 30. motor racks; 31. R axle servomotors; 32. sleeves; 33. second flat keys; 34. Y-axis one-level driven pulleys; 35. Y-axis secondary driving pulleys; 36. Y-axis deceleration device two axles; 37. Y-axis lids; 38. Y-axis deceleration device one axles; 39. Y-axis secondary driven pulleys; 40. Y-axis one-level driving pulleys; 41. Y-axis servomotors; 42. X-axis servomotors; 43. bearing (setting) plates; 44. shaft couplings; 45. triangle contact ball bearings; 46. Z axis servomotors; 47-top board; Vertical plate before 48-; Vertical plate after 49-; 50. slide blocks; 51. guide rails; 52. baffle plates; 53. travel switches; 54. base plates.
55. roller framves; 56. roller axles; 57. roller bearings; 58. circlips.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture, comprising: the base 3 playing supporting and cushioning effect; Along the elevating bracket 9 that Z-direction moves up and down under the position-limiting action of screw mandrel 6 and screw mandrel nut 1 and guideway; First mechanical arm 14, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the X-axis parallel with Z axis is arranged on described elevating bracket 9; Y-axis lid 37, is installed on the first mechanical arm 14, supporting Y-axis deceleration device one axle 38 and Y-axis deceleration device two axle 36, and has the through hole run through for Y-axis servo motor shaft, Y-axis deceleration device one axle 38 and Y-axis deceleration device two axle 36; Second mechanical arm 23, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the Y-axis parallel with X-axis is arranged on described first mechanical arm 14; Operation main shaft 25, what it can rotate for center of rotation with the R axle parallel with Y-axis is arranged on above-mentioned second mechanical arm 23; R shaft-cup 26, is installed on the second mechanical arm 23, supports work main shaft 25, and has the through hole run through for described operation main shaft 25;
Described base 3 comprises the front vertical plate 48 vertically be arranged in parallel, rear vertical plate 49, and be connected in top board 47 and the base plate 54 of front vertical plate 48 and rear vertical plate 49 top and bottom respectively, the lower end of described screw mandrel 6 coordinates with the first angular contact ball bearing 2 be arranged in base bearing (setting) plate 4, described base bearing (setting) plate 4 is fixing on a substrate 54, the upper end of described screw mandrel 6 is connected with the Z axis servomotor 46 be arranged on top board 47 by shaft coupling 44, described screw mandrel 6 epimere is also provided with the triangle contact ball bearing 45 that bearing (setting) plate 43 is fixed on epimere inside rear vertical plate 49, described elevating bracket 9 is connected with elevating bracket connecting plate 7, described screw mandrel nut 1 is fixedly connected with elevating bracket connecting plate 7 by nut fixed head 5, ball is provided with between described screw mandrel 6 and the screw thread of screw mandrel nut 1, form ball wire bar pair, to reduce staring torque, prevent the creeping phenomenon that sliding motion is such, guarantee realizes accurate Fine Feed, described guideway comprises two and is vertically fixed on the guide rail 51 between bearing (setting) plate 43 and base bearing (setting) plate 4 and is fixed on elevating bracket connecting plate 7 and described in the slide block 50 be slidably matched with guide rail 51, slide block 50 has four altogether, on every root guide rail 51 two, symmetrical, improve the stationarity moved up and down, positioning precision.
Simultaneously, described elevating bracket connecting plate 7 is provided with synchronization-moving baffle plate 52, the rear vertical plate 49 of described base 3 is fixed with the travel switch 53 matched with described baffle plate 52, automatically can stops when elevating bracket drops to precalculated position, prevent Z axis servomotor 46 from transshipping and damage.
X-axis servomotor 42 is connected with the input of X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10, and fix on the first mechanical arm 14 by the second screw 11, the output of described X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10 is connected with elevating bracket 13 by the first screw 8, thus drives the parts on the first mechanical arm 14 and the first mechanical arm 14 to rotate around X-axis;
Y-axis servomotor 41 is fixed on Y-axis lid 37, described Y-axis lid 37 is arranged on the first mechanical arm 14, Y-axis servomotor 41 is connected with Y-axis one-level driving pulley 40, Y-axis one-level driving pulley 40 and the Y-axis one-level driven pulley 34 be arranged on Y-axis deceleration device two axle 36 are driven by Timing Belt and are connected, be arranged on Y-axis secondary driving pulley 35 on Y-axis deceleration device two axle 36 and be arranged on Y-axis deceleration device one axle 38 Y-axis secondary driven pulley 39 and driven by Timing Belt and be connected, be arranged on Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys 12 on Y-axis deceleration device one axle 38 and the three grades of driven pulleys 22 be arranged on joint shaft 20 to be driven by Timing Belt and be connected, thus drive the parts on the second mechanical arm 23 and the second mechanical arm 23 to rotate around Y-axis, described Y-axis deceleration device one axle 38 and Y-axis deceleration device two axle 36 are set in parallel between the first mechanical arm 14 and Y-axis lid 37 respectively by the first deep groove ball bearing 13 and the second deep groove ball bearing 15,
Joint shaft 20 hypomere is coordinated by the shaft shoulder with the second angular contact ball bearing 18 be contained in the first mechanical arm 14, described joint shaft 20 and the second angular contact ball bearing 18 adopt interference fit, installing hole on described first mechanical arm 14 and the second angular contact ball bearing 18 adopt interference fits, the bottom of described first mechanical arm installing hole has a bearing baffle 19 to be closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm 14 by the 3rd screw 16, the top of described first mechanical arm 14 installing hole has a bearing upper shield 17 to be closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm 14, described second mechanical arm 23 and Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22 are connected with joint shaft 20 by the first flat key 21, for transmitting torque, the top of described joint shaft 20 is fixedly connected with the second mechanical arm 23 by the second flat key 33, joint shaft 20 top is provided with round nut simultaneously, joint shaft 20 between described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22 and the second mechanical arm 23 is provided with the axial location of sleeve 32 for the second mechanical arm 23,
Described R shaft-cup 26 is fixedly connected with the second mechanical arm 23, described R axle servomotor 31 is fixed on the second mechanical arm 23 by motor rack 30, described operation main shaft 25 matches with the 3rd deep groove ball bearing 28 be arranged on respectively in R shaft-cup 26 and the second mechanical arm 23 and the 4th deep groove ball bearing 24, R axle servomotor 31 drives with R axle driving pulley 29 and is connected, R axle driving pulley 29 to be driven with the R axle driven pulley 27 being connected in operation main shaft 25 epimere by Timing Belt and is connected, thus drives the parts on operation main shaft 25 and operation main shaft 25 to rotate along R axle.
Described Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys 12, Y-axis secondary driven pulley 39, Y-axis secondary driving pulley 35, Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22, R axle driving pulley 29, R axle driven pulley 27, Y-axis one-level driven pulley 34, Y-axis one-level driving pulley 40 all adopt arc tooth synchronous belt to take turns.
The speed reducing ratio of described X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10 is 50:1; The speed reducing ratio of described Y-axis one-level driving pulley 40 and Y-axis one-level driven pulley 34 is 4:1, and the speed reducing ratio of Y-axis secondary driving pulley 35 and Y-axis secondary driven pulley 39 is 3:1, and the speed reducing ratio of Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys 12 and Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22 is 4:1; The speed reducing ratio of described R axle driven pulley 27 and R axle driving pulley 29 is 4:1.
Described second mechanical arm 23 is provided with the oval through hole for installing and regulate motor rack 30 and operation main shaft 25 relative position.
Described Y-axis lid 37 side is provided with oval through hole, be provided with the Timing Belt roller be bolted on oval through hole inside described Y-axis lid 37, described Timing Belt roller comprises roller frame 55, the roller axle 56 be fixed on roller frame 55, inner ring be fixed on the roller bearing 57 that on roller axle 56 and outer ring is provided with circlip 58.
Described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22, R axle driven pulley 27, Y-axis one-level driven pulley 34, Y-axis secondary driven pulley 39 are provided with the some manholes for reducing deadweight, to reduce the first mechanical arm 14 and the rotary inertia of the second mechanical arm 23 and the watt level of R axle servomotor 31 and Y-axis servomotor 41.
The toothed belt transmission of the present embodiment is provided with the belt band of equidistant profile of tooth by an inner peripheral surface and has corresponding identical wheel and formed.It combines V belt translation, Chain conveyer and gear drive advantage separately.During rotation, to be meshed with the teeth groove of wheel by band tooth and to transmit power.Transmission toothed belt transmission has gearratio accurately, without slippage, can obtain constant speed ratio, stable drive, and energy absorbing, noise is little, and gear range is large.
What synchronous pulley adopted is arc tooth synchronous belt wheel, arc tooth synchronous belt wheel is because its profile of tooth has the feature of circular arc, be different from the square shaped teeth of ladder type toothed timing wheel and T-shaped synchronous pulley, arc tooth synchronous belt is taken turns, can meet powerful transmission, its transmission power is than ladder type tooth and large 3-5 times of T-shaped tooth.
What described X-axis articular portion adopted is X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10, primarily of wave producer, flexible gear and rigid gear three basic building block group compositions, a kind of make flexible gear produce controlled elasticity by wave producer to be out of shape, and with the gear drive of rigid gear transmission campaign and power.The top of X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10 is closely fixedly connected with by screw with the first mechanical arm 14, the bottom of X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10 is closely fixedly connected with by screw with elevating bracket 9, the output shaft of X-axis servomotor 42 drives the input motion of X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10, thus drives other parts on the first mechanical arm 14 and the first mechanical arm 14 to rotate within the specific limits around X-axis.
The output shaft of Z axis servomotor 46 drives screw mandrel 6 to rotate by shaft coupling 44, the rotary motion of screw mandrel 6 is converted to the rectilinear motion up and down of screw mandrel nut 1 by screw mandrel by the ball engagement with screw mandrel nut 1, thus drives other parts on elevating bracket connecting plate 7, elevating bracket 9 and elevating bracket 9 to move up and down along Z axis.
Described joint shaft 20 is arranged in the first mechanical arm 14 right-hand member through hole by bearing and the second angular contact ball bearing 18, described bearing baffle 19 is closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm 14 by screw, for the axial location of the second angular contact ball bearing 18, described bearing upper shield 17 connects with the first mechanical arm 14, for the axial location of the second angular contact ball bearing 18, described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22 are connected by the first flat key 21 with joint shaft 20, described first mechanical arm 14 is arranged on joint shaft 20 by the second flat key 33, the epimere of described joint shaft 20 is provided with two round nuts, for the axial location of the first mechanical arm 14.Thus make Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22 drive other parts on joint shaft 20 and joint shaft 20 to rotate within the specific limits around Y-axis.
Described Y-axis servomotor 41 drives Y-axis one-level driving pulley 40 to rotate, Y-axis one-level driving pulley 40 drives Y-axis one-level driven pulley 34 and Y-axis secondary driving pulley 35 to rotate, Y-axis secondary driving pulley 35 drives Y-axis secondary driven pulley 39 and Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys 12 to rotate, and Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys 12 drive Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys 22 and joint shaft 20 to be that center of rotation is rotated around Y-axis.
Velocity of rotation and moment of torsion are passed to R axle driving pulley 29, R axle driving pulley 29, by Timing Belt, velocity of rotation and moment of torsion are passed to R axle driven pulley 27 by described R axle servomotor 31, drive operation main shaft 25 to rotate around R axle.
Shown in figure 5, for relaxation in installation process of synchronous pulley and Timing Belt and the feature producing vibration & noise in motion process, the utility model have employed a kind of Timing Belt roller for tension, Timing Belt roller is arranged in the oval through hole on Y-axis lid 37 by bolt, when movement synchronous belt roller compresses the Timing Belt between two synchronous pulleys, the nut on tighting a bolt makes Timing Belt roller be fixed on a certain position on the oval through hole of Y-axis lid 37.
Second mechanical arm 23 of the present embodiment is also provided with for the oval through hole of fixed electrical machinery frame 30, when along oval through hole mobile motor frame 30, R axle driving pulley 29 also moves thereupon, when R axle driving pulley and R axle driven pulley 27 are in suitable relative position, the nut on tighting a bolt makes motor rack 30 be fixed on a certain position on the oval through hole of the second mechanical arm 23.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, first mechanical arm 14 is oblong connecting rod, the circular groove of certain depth is processed in the left field of the first mechanical arm 14 upper surface, fixing for X-axis servomotor 42, the circular groove of certain depth is processed in the left field of the first mechanical arm 14 lower surface, fixing for X-axis harmonic speed reducer 10, processes the circular groove of through hole in the right side area of the first mechanical arm 14 upper surface, for the fixing of joint shaft 20 with locate; Second mechanical arm 23 is also oblong connecting rod, the circular groove of through hole is processed in the left field of the second mechanical arm 23 upper surface, for the fixing of joint shaft 20 with transmit certain torque and speed to the second mechanical arm 23, the circular groove of through hole is processed, fixing for operation main shaft 25 in the right side area of the second mechanical arm 23 lower surface.Equal and opposite in direction on first mechanical arm 14 and the second mechanical arm 23 length direction, be the application of bionic experience, the motion of such articulated robot is more flexible.
Shown in figure 6; in Timing Belt deceleration plane joint robot of the present utility model; when the arm of the second mechanical arm 23 is drawn close in a straight line to the brachium direction of the first mechanical arm 14, be the difference of mechanical arm brachium and the second mechanical arm brachium, the radius of gyration of this selective compliance assembly robot arm is minimum; When the arm of the first mechanical arm 14 and the arm of the second mechanical arm 23 extend in a straight line, be the first mechanical arm 14 brachium and the second mechanical arm 23 brachium sum, the radius of gyration of this selective compliance assembly robot arm is maximum.
Above-described embodiment of the present utility model is only for the utility model example is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments.All do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in the utility model claim.

Claims (9)

1. a novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture, is characterized in that, comprising: the base (3) playing supporting and cushioning effect; Along the elevating bracket that Z-direction moves up and down (9) under the position-limiting action of screw mandrel (6) and screw mandrel nut (1) and guideway; First mechanical arm (14), what it can rotate for center of rotation with the X-axis parallel with Z axis is arranged on described elevating bracket (9); Y-axis lid (37), be installed on the first mechanical arm (14), supporting Y-axis deceleration device one axle (38) and Y-axis deceleration device two axle (36), and there is the through hole run through for Y-axis servo motor shaft, Y-axis deceleration device one axle (38) and Y-axis deceleration device two axle (36); Second mechanical arm (23), what it can rotate for center of rotation with the Y-axis parallel with X-axis is arranged on described first mechanical arm (14); Operation main shaft (25), what it can rotate for center of rotation with the R axle parallel with Y-axis is arranged on above-mentioned second mechanical arm (23); R shaft-cup (26), is installed on the second mechanical arm (23), supports work main shaft (25), and has the through hole run through for described operation main shaft (25);
Described base (3) comprises the front vertical plate (48) vertically be arranged in parallel, rear vertical plate (49), and be connected in top board (47) and the base plate (54) of front vertical plate (48) and rear vertical plate (49) top and bottom respectively, the lower end of described screw mandrel (6) coordinates with the first angular contact ball bearing (2) be arranged in base bearing (setting) plate (4), described base bearing (setting) plate (4) is fixed on base plate (54), the upper end of described screw mandrel (6) is connected with the Z axis servomotor (46) be arranged on top board (47) by shaft coupling (44), described screw mandrel (6) epimere is also provided with the triangle contact ball bearing (45) that bearing (setting) plate (43) is fixed on rear vertical plate (49) inner side epimere, described elevating bracket (9) is connected with elevating bracket connecting plate (7), described screw mandrel nut (1) is fixedly connected with elevating bracket connecting plate (7) by nut fixed head (5), described guideway comprises two and is vertically fixed on the guide rail (51) between bearing (setting) plate 43 and base bearing (setting) plate (4) and is fixed on the upper and slide block (50) be slidably matched with guide rail (51) of elevating bracket connecting plate (7),
X-axis servomotor (42) is connected with the input of X-axis harmonic speed reducer (10), and fix on the first mechanical arm (14) by the second screw (11), the output of described X-axis harmonic speed reducer (10) is connected with elevating bracket (13) by the first screw (8), thus drives the parts on the first mechanical arm (14) and the first mechanical arm (14) to rotate around X-axis;
Y-axis servomotor (41) is fixed on Y-axis lid (37), described Y-axis lid (37) is arranged on the first mechanical arm (14), Y-axis servomotor (41) is connected with Y-axis one-level driving pulley (40), Y-axis one-level driving pulley (40) and the Y-axis one-level driven pulley (34) be arranged on Y-axis deceleration device two axle (36) are driven by Timing Belt and are connected, be arranged on Y-axis secondary driving pulley (35) on Y-axis deceleration device two axle (36) and be arranged on the upper Y-axis secondary driven pulley (39) of Y-axis deceleration device one axle (38) and driven by Timing Belt and be connected, be arranged on Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys (12) on Y-axis deceleration device one axle (38) and the three grades of driven pulleys (22) be arranged on joint shaft (20) to be driven by Timing Belt and be connected, thus drive the parts on the second mechanical arm (23) and the second mechanical arm (23) to rotate around Y-axis, described Y-axis deceleration device one axle (38) and Y-axis deceleration device two axle (36) are set in parallel between the first mechanical arm (14) and Y-axis lid (37) respectively by the first deep groove ball bearing (13) and the second deep groove ball bearing (15),
Joint shaft (20) hypomere is coordinated by the shaft shoulder with the second angular contact ball bearing (18) be contained in the first mechanical arm (14), described joint shaft (20) and the second angular contact ball bearing (18) adopt interference fit, installing hole on described first mechanical arm (14) and the second angular contact ball bearing (18) adopt interference fits, the bottom of described first mechanical arm installing hole has a bearing baffle (19) to be closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm (14) by the 3rd screw (16), the top of described first mechanical arm (14) installing hole has a bearing upper shield (17) to be closely fixedly connected with the first mechanical arm (14), described second mechanical arm (23) and Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys (22) are connected with joint shaft (20) by the first flat key (21), for transmitting torque, the top of described joint shaft (20) is fixedly connected with the second mechanical arm (23) by the second flat key (33), joint shaft (20) top is provided with round nut simultaneously, joint shaft (20) between described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys (22) and the second mechanical arm (23) is provided with the axial location of sleeve 32 for the second mechanical arm (23),
Described R shaft-cup (26) is fixedly connected with the second mechanical arm (23), described R axle servomotor (31) is fixed on the second mechanical arm (23) by motor rack 30, described operation main shaft (25) is matched with the 3rd deep groove ball bearing (28) be arranged on respectively in R shaft-cup (26) and the second mechanical arm (23) and the 4th deep groove ball bearing (24), R axle servomotor (31) drives with R axle driving pulley (29) and is connected, R axle driving pulley (29) to be driven with the R axle driven pulley (27) being connected in operation main shaft (25) epimere by Timing Belt and is connected, thus drive the parts on operation main shaft (25) and operation main shaft (25) to rotate along R axle.
2. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys (12), Y-axis secondary driven pulley (39), Y-axis secondary driving pulley (35), Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys (22), R axle driving pulley (29), R axle driven pulley (27), Y-axis one-level driven pulley (34), Y-axis one-level driving pulley (40) all adopt arc tooth synchronous belt to take turns.
3. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described elevating bracket connecting plate (7) is provided with synchronization-moving baffle plate (52), the rear vertical plate (49) of described base (3) is fixed with the travel switch (53) matched with described baffle plate (52).
4. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the speed reducing ratio of described X-axis harmonic speed reducer (10) is 50:1; The speed reducing ratio of described Y-axis one-level driving pulley (40) and Y-axis one-level driven pulley (34) is 4:1, the speed reducing ratio of Y-axis secondary driving pulley (35) and Y-axis secondary driven pulley (39) is 3:1, and the speed reducing ratio of Y-axis three grades of driving pulleys (12) and Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys (22) is 4:1; The speed reducing ratio of described R axle driven pulley (27) and R axle driving pulley (29) is 4:1.
5. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described guide rail (51) is symmetrically arranged with four slide blocks (50) be slidably matched with guide rail (51).
6. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with ball between the screw thread of described screw mandrel (6) and screw mandrel nut (1), forms ball wire bar pair.
7. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described second mechanical arm (23) is provided with the oval through hole for installing and regulate motor rack (30) and operation main shaft (25) relative position.
8. the novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that: described Y-axis lid (37) side is provided with oval through hole, described Y-axis lid (37) inner side is provided with the Timing Belt roller be bolted on oval through hole, and described Timing Belt roller comprises roller frame (55), the roller axle (56) be fixed on roller frame (55), inner ring are fixed on the roller bearing (57) that on roller axle (56) and outer ring is provided with circlip (58).
9. novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Y-axis three grades of driven pulleys (22), R axle driven pulley (27), Y-axis one-level driven pulley (34), Y-axis secondary driven pulley (39) are provided with the some manholes for reducing deadweight.
CN201420704379.XU 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 A kind of novel four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture Withdrawn - After Issue CN204277999U (en)

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CN104385260A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-03-04 华南理工大学 Novel four-degree-of-freedom articulated robot structure
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CN104385260A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-03-04 华南理工大学 Novel four-degree-of-freedom articulated robot structure
CN104385260B (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-04-13 华南理工大学 A kind of four-degree-of-freedom plane articulation robot architecture
CN105196276A (en) * 2015-10-31 2015-12-30 武汉理工大学 Five-freedom degree manipulator
CN106142568A (en) * 2016-08-10 2016-11-23 江南大学 Multidirectional 3D print apparatus
CN106142568B (en) * 2016-08-10 2018-07-10 江南大学 Multidirectional 3D printer device
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US10688670B2 (en) 2017-04-06 2020-06-23 Jiangnan University Palm-type mechanical gripper with variable-position and rotatable fingers and dual-drive crank-slider parallel mechanism
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