CN204268924U - A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger - Google Patents

A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204268924U
CN204268924U CN201420702371.XU CN201420702371U CN204268924U CN 204268924 U CN204268924 U CN 204268924U CN 201420702371 U CN201420702371 U CN 201420702371U CN 204268924 U CN204268924 U CN 204268924U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tube
heat exchanger
tube bank
sleeve pipe
fixing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420702371.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛路舟
霍东升
段有龙
于涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Acre Coking and Refractory Engineering Consulting Corp MCC
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Acre Coking and Refractory Engineering Consulting Corp MCC
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Application filed by Acre Coking and Refractory Engineering Consulting Corp MCC filed Critical Acre Coking and Refractory Engineering Consulting Corp MCC
Priority to CN201420702371.XU priority Critical patent/CN204268924U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204268924U publication Critical patent/CN204268924U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger, comprise pipe heat exchanger, heat-exchanging tube bundle in described pipe heat exchanger realizes circumferential supporting and fixing by tube bank hoop and fixing orifice plate, be equipped with tube bank sleeve pipe outside the heat exchanger tube of supporting place, the shape of through holes on tube bank hoop shape, fixing orifice plate and heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour adapt.Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the medium 1) in shell side forms complicated continuous, uniform flow path between heat exchanger tube, improves its turbulent extent, is thinned the boundary layer of flowing, reduce heat transmission resistance, improve heat exchange efficiency; 2) equipment volume is little, no baffle plate, low cost of manufacture; 3) eliminate the flow dead in shell side, reduce the pressure drop of shell side medium: 3) heat exchanger is less scaling; 5) fixing orifice plate offers large area through hole, heat exchanger tube is installed and convenient disassembly; 6) adopt tube bank hoop and fixing orifice plate circumference fixing, Stability Analysis of Structures, vibration and noise little.

Description

A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of pipe heat exchanger, particularly relates to a kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger for the heat exchange of coking industry medium, problems such as can effectively solving impurity buildups sedimentation, heat exchange efficiency is low, shell side resistance is large.
Background technology
Tubular type (also known as shell-and-tube, shell and tube) heat exchanger is most typical dividing wall type heat exchanger, and its application industrially has long history, and still dominate in all heat exchangers so far.Pipe heat exchanger is primarily of housing, tube bank, tube sheet and envelope first class sections composition, and how rounded housing is, and bundle of parallel tubes is equipped with in inside, and tube bank two ends are fixed on tube sheet.
In pipe heat exchanger, carry out two kinds of fluids of heat exchange, a kind of at Bottomhole pressure, its stroke is called tube side; In the outer flowing of pipe, its stroke is called shell side, and the wall of tube bank is heat-transfer area.For improving extratubal fluid heat transfer coefficient, in housing, usually install the horizontal baffle plate of some, baffle plate not only can anti-fluid short circuit, increases fluid velocity, also force fluid by prescribed path repeatedly cross-flow by tube bank, less turbulence is greatly increased.Conventional plate washer has circle to lack shape and full circle shape two kinds.Fluid is often once called a tube side by tube bank in pipe, is often once called a shell side by housing.For improving the speed of tube fluid, dividing plate being set in the end socket of two ends whole pipe average mark is divided into some groups.Like this, fluid only can come and go tube bank repeatedly by partial tube at every turn, is called multitube distance.Equally, for improving the outer flow velocity of pipe, longitudinal plate washer can be installed in housing and make fluid Multiple through then out shell space, claiming muitishell.
Usually it is low to there is heat exchange efficiency in conventional tube shell heat exchanger, shell side medium impurity buildups, the shortcomings such as difficult cleaning, complex structure.Along with shell side supporting is tending towards simplifying, in recent years, occur that shell side does not need support and tube side self-supporting structure.At present, known tube bank has punching membrane chip, distorted elliptical tubular type, variable cross-section tubular type etc. from supporting form, but ubiquity makes the problem of processing difficulties, non-easy cleaning, detachable maintaining inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger, adopt fixing orifice plate support plate and tube bundle wrapper tubular construction, effectively improve heat exchange efficiency, the structure of no baffle plate decreases shell side and piles up impurity, in addition there is Stability Analysis of Structures, vibrating noise is little, quick detachable, maintenance and cleaning, and equipment takes up an area little, the advantage such as cost is low.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model realizes by the following technical solutions:
A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger, comprise pipe heat exchanger, heat-exchanging tube bundle in described pipe heat exchanger realizes circumferential supporting and fixing by tube bank hoop and fixing orifice plate, be equipped with tube bank sleeve pipe outside the heat exchanger tube of supporting place, the shape of through holes on tube bank hoop shape, fixing orifice plate and heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour adapt.
Described tube bundle wrapper length of tube is the heat exchanger tube node length of 1 ~ 1.5 times, and the groove that inside tube bank sleeve pipe, compacting and heat exchanger tube shape adapt realizes the compact siro spinning technology between heat exchanger tube.
Described pipe heat exchanger is any one in floating head type pipe heat exchanger, U-shaped pipe heat exchanger or fixed tube-sheet exchanger, and its tube side is single tube journey or multitube distance.
Described fixing orifice plate is whole circular fixation hole plate, and fixing orifice plate offers the through hole adapted with heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour, and according to single tube journey or multitube distance determination perforated area.
Described heat exchanger tube is any one in transversally flute tube, thread groove tube, helix tube, bellows, shaped telescopic tube or finned tube.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1) medium in shell side forms complicated continuous, uniform flow path between heat exchanger tube, improves its turbulent extent, is thinned the boundary layer of flowing, reduces heat transmission resistance, thus improve heat exchange efficiency;
2) because heat exchange efficiency improves, heat exchange area can be made to reduce, and equipment volume declines thereupon, in addition this heat exchanger no baffle plate, and its manufacturing cost is reduced greatly;
3) due to no baffle plate in shell side, heat exchanger tube is supported mutually by tube bank sleeve pipe, and shell-side fluid is passed through from the gap between fixed sleeving, because this eliminating the flow dead in shell side, reduces the pressure drop of shell side medium:
4) due to non-blind area in shell side, therefore, this heat exchanger is less scaling; In addition, the special supporting construction of this heat exchanger can form higher flow velocity in shell side, thus also reduces the accumulation of impurity in medium:
5) fixing orifice plate offers large area through hole, compared to traditional deflection plate, heat exchanger tube is installed and is dismantled very convenient; Groove on fixed sleeving, both can fix heat exchanger tube, conveniently can restrain again the installation of hoop;
6) adopt tube bank hoop and fixing orifice plate circumference fixing, Stability Analysis of Structures, vibration and noise little.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is fixing orifice plate, tube bank hoop and heat-exchanging tube bundle connection diagram.
In figure: 1. the bobbin carriage 2. tube side material inlet 3. tube side material outlet 4. channel flange 5. fixed tube sheet 6. shell flange 7. shell-side cylinder 8. shell side material outlet 9. shell side material inlet 10. heat exchanger tube 11. saddle 12. shell flange 13. outer skull flange 15. of floating tubesheet 14. outer skull 16. pass partition 17. hook circle 18. Floating Head Flange 19. raise the nose above water to breathe 20. tube bank sleeve pipes 21. fix orifice plate 22. restrain hoop
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described further:
See Fig. 1, it is structural representation of the present utility model, the utility model one tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger, comprise pipe heat exchanger, heat-exchanging tube bundle in described pipe heat exchanger realizes circumferential supporting and fixing by tube bank hoop and fixing orifice plate, be equipped with tube bank sleeve pipe outside the heat exchanger tube of supporting place, the shape of through holes on tube bank hoop shape, fixing orifice plate and heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour adapt.
Described tube bundle wrapper length of tube is the heat exchanger tube node length of 1 ~ 1.5 times, and the groove that inside tube bank sleeve pipe, compacting and heat exchanger tube shape adapt realizes the compact siro spinning technology between heat exchanger tube.
Described pipe heat exchanger is any one in floating head type pipe heat exchanger, U-shaped pipe heat exchanger or fixed tube-sheet exchanger, and its tube side is single tube journey or multitube distance.
Described fixing orifice plate is whole circular fixation hole plate, and fixing orifice plate offers the through hole adapted with heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour, and according to single tube journey or multitube distance determination perforated area.
Described heat exchanger tube is any one in transversally flute tube, thread groove tube, helix tube, bellows, shaped telescopic tube or finned tube.
Below for floating head type pipe heat exchanger to the utility model a kind of restrain sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger overall structure and operation principle be described as follows:
As shown in Figure 1, bobbin carriage 1 is connected with channel flange 4, and be provided with pass partition 16 in bobbin carriage 1 and tube side be divided into many journeys (determining number of passes as the case may be), tube side material inlet 2, tube side material outlet 3 are located at front-end pipe box about 1 both sides respectively.Shell-side cylinder 7 is connected with shell flange 6, shell flange 12, is provided with saddle 11 below shell-side cylinder 7, and shell side material outlet 8, shell side material inlet 9 are located at shell-side cylinder 7 both sides respectively.Fixed tube sheet 5 is placed between channel flange 4 and shell flange 6, and floating tubesheet 13 is placed between hook circle 17, Floating Head Flange 18.Floating Head Flange 18 and floating head 19, outer skull 15 is connected with outer skull flange flange 14.
Heat-exchanging tube bundle is fixed between fixed tube sheet 5 and Floating Head Flange 18, according to the heat exchanger tube arrangement form arrangement of setting, every root heat exchanger tube 10 keeps at a certain distance away, corresponding fixing orifice plate 21 place is provided with tube bank sleeve pipe 20, it is fixing that tube bank sleeve pipe 20 place realizes circumference additionally by tube bank hoop 22 and whole circular fixation hole plate 21, the length of tube bank sleeve pipe 20 should be not less than the length of heat exchanger tube 10 1 node, shell-side fluid is passed from the gap jet between tube bank sleeve pipe 20, form complicated continuous, uniform runner, effectively raise heat exchange efficiency.Tube side medium is entered by tube side material inlet 2, is left by tube side material outlet 3.Shell side medium is entered by medium inlet 9, is left by media outlet 8.
Seeing Fig. 2, is fixing orifice plate 21, tube bank hoop 22 and heat-exchanging tube bundle connection diagram.Fixing orifice plate 21 adopts whole circular orifice, large area through hole is offered according to the arrangement form of heat-exchanging tube bundle, the exterior contour of its through hole and the overall outline of heat-exchanging tube bundle adapt, heat-exchanging tube bundle is formed after tube bundle wrapper pipe 20 loaded onto by single heating tube 10 cover, heat-exchanging tube bundle entirety is passed from the through hole of fixing orifice plate 21, and fixed by tube bank hoop 22, form tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type structure.

Claims (5)

1. a tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger, comprise pipe heat exchanger, it is characterized in that, heat-exchanging tube bundle in described pipe heat exchanger realizes circumferential supporting and fixing by tube bank hoop and fixing orifice plate, be equipped with tube bank sleeve pipe outside the heat exchanger tube of supporting place, the shape of through holes on tube bank hoop shape, fixing orifice plate and heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour adapt.
2. one tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tube bundle wrapper length of tube is the heat exchanger tube node length of 1 ~ 1.5 times, and the groove that inside tube bank sleeve pipe, compacting and heat exchanger tube shape adapt realizes the compact siro spinning technology between heat exchanger tube.
3. one tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pipe heat exchanger is any one in floating head type pipe heat exchanger, U-shaped pipe heat exchanger or fixed tube-sheet exchanger, and its tube side is single tube journey or multitube distance.
4. one tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described fixing orifice plate is whole circular fixation hole plate, and fixing orifice plate offers the through hole adapted with heat-exchanging tube bundle exterior contour, and according to single tube journey or multitube distance determination perforated area.
5. one tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described heat exchanger tube is any one in transversally flute tube, thread groove tube, helix tube, bellows, shaped telescopic tube or finned tube.
CN201420702371.XU 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger Expired - Fee Related CN204268924U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420702371.XU CN204268924U (en) 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420702371.XU CN204268924U (en) 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 A kind of tube bank sleeve pipe fixing hole plate supporting type heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204268924U true CN204268924U (en) 2015-04-15

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104374215A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-25 中冶焦耐工程技术有限公司 Supporting type heat exchanger with tube bundle sleeves and fixing pore plates
CN105737663A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-06 华南理工大学 Single-pipe supporting structure for fluoroplastic heat exchanger

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104374215A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-25 中冶焦耐工程技术有限公司 Supporting type heat exchanger with tube bundle sleeves and fixing pore plates
CN104374215B (en) * 2014-11-21 2017-01-25 中冶焦耐工程技术有限公司 Supporting type heat exchanger with tube bundle sleeves and fixing pore plates
CN105737663A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-06 华南理工大学 Single-pipe supporting structure for fluoroplastic heat exchanger

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20161121