CN204259479U - The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning - Google Patents

The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204259479U
CN204259479U CN201420332680.2U CN201420332680U CN204259479U CN 204259479 U CN204259479 U CN 204259479U CN 201420332680 U CN201420332680 U CN 201420332680U CN 204259479 U CN204259479 U CN 204259479U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
branch
feed bin
pruning
hydraulic
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420332680.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺亮
朱思洪
祝红玲
周永清
祝磊
冯业良
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Nanjing Agricultural Univ
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Nanjing Agricultural Univ
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Agricultural Univ filed Critical Nanjing Agricultural Univ
Priority to CN201420332680.2U priority Critical patent/CN204259479U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204259479U publication Critical patent/CN204259479U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning is primarily of parts compositions such as automobile chassis, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, radiator, hydraulic oil container, hydraulic control valve block, decelerator, guide wheel, branch crushing machine, discharge bucket, feed bin lid, feed bin, bracing frame, mechanical paw, hydraulic jack, circular saw, base, turntable, underarm, telescopic arm, swivel head, motor, electric control units.It is characterized in that: branch pruning arm, branch crushing machine, feed bin etc. are arranged on automobile chassis, the power take-off carried of automobile chassis drives hydraulic pump, for branch crushing machine, feed bin and branch pruning arm etc. provide hydraulic power.The working head of branch pruning arm is provided with mechanical paw and circular saw.Branch can be got off from pruning tree by the operation controlling the flexible and motor of each hydraulic jack on branch pruning arm.Branch crushing machine can pulverize the branch pruned, and feed bin can store chip temporarily, and the positive and negative rotation of feed bin can realize charging and discharging.

Description

The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning
Technical field
The utility model relates to the integrated Operation Van of a kind of branch pruning, belongs to field of mechanical technique.
Background technology
Along with the development that Re-search on Urbanization is built, the green coverage in each cities and towns constantly increases.Before annual typhoon season is arrived and all need that trees are pruned to control tree-like, a large amount of branch autumn and need to prune.But, higher branch difficulty be pruned comparatively greatly, at present, mainly by moveable lifting tool, be pruned by 1 branch pruning workman hand-held cutting tool.Such pollard is comparatively large to the labour intensity of workman, and efficiency is not high, and there is certain potential safety hazard during workman's operation.In addition, gardens department is on urban road during pollard operation, due to the instrument do not clamped by the branch pruned, to fall on road after larger branch is cut off, in order to exempt to accidentally injure passerby and vehicular traffic, roadblock must be set in the scope of branch pruning, and the branch volume pruned is larger, need to send a truck to transport again in addition, many troubles will be caused to urban transportation like this.In order to improve the efficiency of branch pruning, reducing labor strength, completing rapidly pruning work, reduce the inconvenience brought to traffic, therefore design a kind ofly integrate branch pruning, pulverizing, storage, the integrated Operation Van that transports are very necessary.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problem, the purpose of this utility model, just in order to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, devises the one integrated Operation Van of branch pruning very easily.
For solving the problem, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: the integrated Operation Van of branch pruning, is by automobile chassis 1, feed bin hydraulic motor 2, radiator 3, hydraulic oil container 4, hydraulic pump 5, bumper frame 6, feed bin decelerator 7, feed bin lower tumbler 8, tool box 9, side lower baffle plate 10, side overhead gage 11, hydraulic control valve block 12, low noise branch crushing machine 13, discharge bucket 14, collapsible feeding gripper shoe 15, detachable control button box 16, support stand 17, feed bin lid 18, feed bin upper block 19, feed bin 20, roof support 21, mechanical paw 22, circular saw 23, paw telescopic oil cylinder 24, circular saw telescopic oil cylinder 25, working head support 26, working head pivot angle oil cylinder 27, swivel head 28, base 29, turntable 30, stand 31, underarm lifting oil cylinder 32, multi-stage telescopic arms 33, telescopic arm lifting oil cylinder 34, underarm 35, motor 36, circular saw CD-ROM drive motor 37, cracker drives hydraulic motor 37, cracker decelerator 39, parts such as electric control unit 40 grade form.It is characterized in that: low noise branch crushing machine 13, feed bin 20, branch pruning arm and all driver parts are arranged on automobile chassis 1.The power take-off carried of automobile chassis drives hydraulic pump 5, for branch crushing machine 13, feed bin 20 and branch pruning arm etc. provide power.By feed hopper bolt-connection between charging aperture on the discharging opening of branch crushing machine 13 and feed bin lid 18.Feed bin 20 for one end close, the hollow thin-wall cylinder barrel of other end opening, arrange two auger conveyors in feed bin, for charging and discharging, be convenient to storing, feed bin blind end is connected with decelerator 7 and hydraulic motor 1 by shaft coupling; Described feed bin devises two annulus guide rails, two annulus are arranged on 4 support guide wheels 8 before and after on chassis auxiliary frame.Feed bin operationally, forward or reverse on guide wheel; Described feed bin lid is also for the cylinder barrel of one end open, axial length are 150mm, feed bin lid internal diameter 5mm larger than feed bin outside dimension, during installation, feed bin is embedded in feed bin lid, and to be connected with rear support stand by some gripper shoes by packing seal and feed bin lid and to fix, during feed bin rotation work, feed bin lid maintains static, and feed bin covers and has rectangular charging hole and discharge opening; Described feed bin charging hole position connects the feed hopper of branch crushing machine, and discharging opening hopper 14 installed by the discharge opening outside screw that feed bin covers, a door that can open and close is arranged at discharging opening hopper bottom, when comminution process and transport, discharging opening door is closed, branch chip is stored in crushing vehicle feed bin and discharging opening hopper is inner, when discharging, open discharging opening door, feed bin reverses, because charging aperture has the stop of cracker cutter shaft and cutter tooth, branch chip cannot be discharged from charging aperture, can only discharge from discharging opening; Described cracker 12 is arranged on feed bin postoperculum, due to the outlet of cracker and the import seamless link of feed bin lid, ensures that the chip after pulverizing all enters feed bin; The power shaft of cracker installs a decelerator 39, and decelerator 39 and hydraulic motor 38 are by Flange joint, and cracker rear portion is provided with collapsible feeding gripper shoe 15.Described roof support 21 is arranged on back and front supporting stand 17.Described hydraulic oil container is arranged on below feed bin reducer stent also fixing.Branch pruning arm base 29 is arranged in the support platform above feed bin decelerator, and be provided with 1 pair of bevel gear deceleration system in base 29, bevel pinion is driven by motor 36.Turntable 30 is mounted on flap 29, and is driven by the bevel gear wheel in base 29.Stand 31 is fixed on turntable 30, and underarm 35 one end is hinged in the dead eye of stand 31 upper end, and the other end is hinged in the dead eye of first segment telescopic arm 33 one end.Underarm lifting oil cylinder 32 one end is hinged in the dead eye of turntable 30 lower end, and the other end is hinged in the dead eye in the middle part of underarm 35; Telescopic arm lifting oil cylinder 34 one end is hinged in the dead eye of upper end in underarm 35, and the other end is hinged in the dead eye in the middle part of telescopic arm 33.Telescopic arm 33 is hollow structure, and the cross section of second section telescopic arm is little compared with first segment telescopic arm, can insert the inside of first segment telescopic arm, and similar Section of three telescopic arm can insert the inside of second section telescopic arm, and telescopic arm can free-extension.Swivel head 28 can carry out freely rotating adjusting angle around its axis drives working head support 26 within the scope of 360 degree, is beneficial to mechanical paw 22 and clamps branch.Working head pivot angle oil cylinder 27 one end is hinged in the dead eye of the mid-stent of swivel head 28 lower end, and the other end is hinged in the dead eye of working head support 26 upper end.Working head support 26 times stomidiums are hinged in the dead eye of the bracket end of swivel head 28 lower end.One end side-by-side parallel of mechanical paw 22 and telescopic oil cylinder 25 is fixedly mounted on working head support 26.Mechanical paw 22 inside is provided with and drives oil cylinder 24.Hydraulic motor 37 is fixed on the other end of telescopic oil cylinder 25.Circular saw 23 is driven by hydraulic motor 37.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the integrated Operation Van of a kind of branch pruning, and operating noise is little, operating efficiency is high, safe and reliable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the integrated Operation Van of the utility model branch pruning, and Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the integrated Operation Van of the utility model branch pruning.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the integrated Operation Van of branch pruning, by automobile chassis 1, feed bin hydraulic motor 2, radiator 3, hydraulic oil container 4, hydraulic pump 5, bumper frame 6, feed bin decelerator 7, feed bin lower tumbler 8, tool box 9, side lower baffle plate 10, side overhead gage 11, hydraulic control valve block 12, low noise branch crushing machine 13, discharge bucket 14, collapsible feeding gripper shoe 15, detachable control button box 16, support stand 17, feed bin lid 18, feed bin upper block 19, feed bin 20, roof support 21, mechanical paw 22, circular saw 23, paw telescopic oil cylinder 24, circular saw telescopic oil cylinder 25, working head support 26, working head pivot angle oil cylinder 27, swivel head 28, base 29, turntable 30, stand 31, underarm lifting oil cylinder 32, multi-stage telescopic arms 33, telescopic arm lifting oil cylinder 34, underarm 35, motor 36, circular saw CD-ROM drive motor 37, cracker drives hydraulic motor 37, cracker decelerator 39, parts such as electric control unit 40 grade form.During branch comminution process, first hydraulic power system drives telescopic arm lifting oil cylinder 34 to extend, telescopic arm is holded up, stretched out section by section by pull line or gear-rack drive telescopic arm, if still branch to be pruned can not be reached after telescopic arm stretches out completely, then underarm lifting oil cylinder 32 extends, and pruning arm is extended further.Motor 36 drives bevel pinion to rotate, and bevel gear wheel drives turntable 30 to rotate, and can realize the adjustment in mechanical paw 22 and circular saw 23 orientation.Swing by driving working head pivot angle oil cylinder 27 and drive swivel head 28 to do 360 degree of rotations around its axis, the orientation of mechanical paw 22 can be regulated further, make mechanical paw 22 more suitably to press close to branch to be pruned to angle.When mechanical paw is pressed close to after the branch pruned, drive oil cylinder 24 retract and keep certain pressure, make mechanical paw 22 reliably clamp branch to be pruned.Now, motor 37 runs driver plate and saws 23 high-speed rotation, and simultaneous retractable oil cylinder 25 stretches out, and makes circular saw 23 cut off branch to be pruned gradually.After branch cuts off, telescopic oil cylinder 25 is retracted, and hydraulic motor 37 is out of service.Then by controlling underarm lifting oil cylinder 32, telescopic arm lifting oil cylinder 34, telescopic arm and turntable 30, the branch pruned reliably being sent back to ground, driving oil cylinder 24 to stretch out and making mechanical paw 22 unclamp branch, completing the pruning of branch.Simultaneously, branch crushing machine hydraulic motor 38 and feed bin hydraulic motor 2 run, the branch pruned is sent into the feeding mouth of cracker 12 by workman, branch is once be bitten by crushing machine cutting tool, to automatically be pulled into cracker by cutter to pulverize, branch after pulverizing enters feed bin from cracker discharging opening, and feed bin rotates forward, and by spiral conveying blade, the branch chip just falling into feed bin is pushed to the bottom of feed bin blind end.When comminution process and transport, discharging opening door is closed, and branch chip is stored in crushing vehicle feed bin and discharging opening hopper is inner; When discharging, open discharging opening door, feed bin reverses, and because charging aperture has the stop of cracker cutter shaft and tooth, branch chip cannot be discharged from charging aperture, can only discharge from discharging opening.Hydraulic oil radiator is arranged on the longitudinal beam between driver's cabin and feed bin; The left front position of longitudinal beam is provided with electric control unit 40; Hydraulic control valve block 12 is arranged on subframe right lateral side.In the both sides of feeding hole of pulverizer, detachable control button box 16 is all installed, there is the button controlling cracker, feed bin start and stop the inside, and control the button of the multiple hydraulic cylinder of branch pruning arm and motor start and stop, control button box can disassemble from vehicle body, workman can hand-heldly operate, and is convenient to handle cracker and the operation of branch pruning arm the workman of any side operation; Be designed with tool box in the left and right sides of bin bottom, case lid can be opened from the side.
Below disclose the utility model with better enforcement, so itself and be not used to limit the utility model, allly take equivalent replacement or technical scheme that equivalent transformation obtains, all drop in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (2)

1. the integrated Operation Van of branch pruning is by automobile chassis, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, radiator, hydraulic oil container, hydraulic control valve block, decelerator, guide wheel, branch crushing machine, discharge bucket, feed bin lid, feed bin, bracing frame, mechanical paw, hydraulic jack, circular saw, base, turntable, underarm, telescopic arm, swivel head, motor, electric control unit forms, it is characterized in that: the design and installation pruning arm of branch on automobile chassis, the working head of pruning arm is provided with mechanical paw and circular saw, prune folding by the flexible realization controlling each hydraulic jack, the stretching out and retract of telescopic pruning arm, the work of manipulator and circular saw can be controlled by the operation controlling to prune hydraulic jack and motor on arm working head, and branch is got off from pruning tree.
2. the integrated Operation Van of branch pruning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on truck chassis, devise vehicle-mounted low noise branch crushing machine, feed bin, can complete the branch pruned is pulverized, chip stores temporarily, transportation function.
CN201420332680.2U 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning Expired - Fee Related CN204259479U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420332680.2U CN204259479U (en) 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420332680.2U CN204259479U (en) 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204259479U true CN204259479U (en) 2015-04-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420332680.2U Expired - Fee Related CN204259479U (en) 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 The integrated Operation Van of branch pruning

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069242A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-09 河北工业大学 A kind of Multifunctional garden operation electric motor car
CN106122139A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-11-16 柳州市菱丰科技有限公司 A kind of hydraulic system being applied to pruner
CN106613404A (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-05-10 江苏爱福特科技开发有限公司 High altitude trimming vehicle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613404A (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-05-10 江苏爱福特科技开发有限公司 High altitude trimming vehicle
CN106069242A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-09 河北工业大学 A kind of Multifunctional garden operation electric motor car
CN106122139A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-11-16 柳州市菱丰科技有限公司 A kind of hydraulic system being applied to pruner

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20160620