CN204170850U - The board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust - Google Patents

The board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204170850U
CN204170850U CN201420255146.6U CN201420255146U CN204170850U CN 204170850 U CN204170850 U CN 204170850U CN 201420255146 U CN201420255146 U CN 201420255146U CN 204170850 U CN204170850 U CN 204170850U
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
tubular
collecting plate
brush
coaxial sleeve
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420255146.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建武
Original Assignee
张建武
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Priority to CN201420255146.6U priority Critical patent/CN204170850U/en
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Publication of CN204170850U publication Critical patent/CN204170850U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of coaxial sleeve cartridge type collecting plate that adopts to realize the electrostatic cleaner of purification of air.Include the dust removal machine of band dust exhaust apparatus, dust removal machine enclosure is provided with sparking electrode and collecting electrode, wherein collecting electrode is the heavy collecting plate of one group of coaxial sleeve tubular N, N is natural number and 200 >=N >=2, the heavy collecting plate of tubular N is for coaxially arrangement, from inside to outside barrel dliameter increase successively, form the parallel control of dust plate array of tubular, in the middle of often adjacent tubular collecting plate gap, sparking electrode is installed, dust cleaning brush collecting plate being carried out to automatic rotation deashing device is installed simultaneously.The utility model apparatus structure is simple and ingenious, have employed unique coaxial sleeve tubular multi-dust collecting plate design and rotating ash removal apparatus design, enhance stability and the reliability of system architecture, add the dust-collecting area in unit volume, improve dust removing effects, be convenient to deashing, realize non-maintaining, reduce cost, and be applicable to scale manufacturing.

Description

The board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust
Technical field
The invention belongs to electrostatic precipitator field, particularly relate to the electrostatic cleaner being realized purification of air by coaxial sleeve cartridge type collecting plate.
Background technology
Electrostatic precipitator technology is widely applied in industrial production, and its principle is also constantly obtaining new development and application.Usual industrial electrostatic cleaner, the dust of its Electrostatic Absorption on fixing collecting electrode, generally adopt the mode of rapping to remove, not only complex structure, power consumption is large, also also exist insufficient on the vibration dust-cleaning of dust collecting electrode and affect the problem of efficiency of dust collection, being only applicable to industrial production dust removal field.Along with atmosphere pollution in recent years especially fog is more and more serious, people also more and more pay attention to air quality, in the process of attempting various air cleaning and cleaning principle and technology, find traditional filtering technique energy consumption and maintenance cost too high, and traditional electrostatic dust collection equipment is also because the limitation of self structure and efficiency is also difficult to the indoor air purification aspect being applied directly to non-field of industrial production.More the purifier of air cleaner used in everyday and air-conditioning, then belong to dust removal by filtration, need manually to pull down screen pack and carry out periodic cleaning, waste time and energy, also affect ventilation effect.From energy consumption and be maintained as originally, electrostatic precipitation philosophy and technique has huge advantage, if design rationally ingenious, can realize low energy consumption and low maintenance cost, be worth carrying out degree of depth innovation and technological development.
For solving the problem, people have invented crawler-type mobile dedusting plate and the board-like electrostatic cleaner of flexible fabric control of dust.Movable dust removal plate, developed by HIT at first, for improving the dust catching efficiency of high resistivity dust, it is the hinged annular tank band structure of rigid metal plate, a dust arrester forms by organizing tank band more, often organize tank band and all have independently rotation and deashing device, complex structure is applicable to large-scale electrostatic precipitator.On this basis, change rigidity tank band into flexible fabric, the collecting polar plate structure of flexible fabric has been invented by Ohio State Univ-Columbus USA, and overall structure still maintains the design of Hitachi, Ltd, the flexible fabric often organizing annular all has independently driving and deashing device, is applicable to large-scale dust collect plant.Recently, China technical specialist has invented again continuous winding and has moved control of dust plate type electrostatic dust removal machine (Chinese invention patent publication number: CN103008107A), other than ring type continuous winding structure taked by movable dust removal plate, only need one group to drive and deashing device, greatly simplify structure, reduce cost, be applicable to small-sized dust pelletizing system, and debris collection area and deashing region disconnecting, eliminate the problem etc. of reentrainment of dust during deashing.
Coaxial sleeve cartridge type collecting plate structure of the present invention adopts multiple telescopic nested form, and the automatic rotation removing dust and clearing ash device matched, optimize structure, reduce cost, add stability and the reliability of system, be specially adapted to middle-size and small-size dust pelletizing system, be applicable to producing in enormous quantities, be expected to obtain large-scale application in indoor fresh air dust removal field.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the deficiency for above-mentioned existence, provides a kind of structure simple, increases dust-collecting area, improve dust removing effects, be convenient to deashing, realize non-maintaining, be convenient to the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust of the low cost of large-scale production.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
The board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust, include the dust removal machine of band dust exhaust apparatus, dust removal machine enclosure is provided with sparking electrode and collecting electrode, rotating ash removal device, and with the high-voltage power apparatus of collecting electrode, sparking electrode phase configuration, wherein collecting electrode is one group of coaxial sleeve tubular multi-dust collecting plate, it is characterized in that: described collecting plate is tubular, the heavy tubular collecting plate of N is for coaxially arrangement, from inside to outside barrel dliameter increase successively, form the parallel control of dust plate array of tubular, bottom is fixed on the support of bottom, and wherein N is natural number and 200 >=N >=2; In the middle of often adjacent tubular collecting plate gap, sparking electrode is installed, also arranges the dust cleaning brush had the automatic rotation deashing device that collecting plate cleans simultaneously.
In such scheme, tubular collecting plate can be the various tubular structure forms such as cylindrical tube shape, taper tubular or hyperbola tubular.
In such scheme, described rotating ash removal device, match with tubular collecting plate electrode, brush is together fixed on and driving mechanism forms by some groups, brush arrangement mode is coaxially arranged with tubular collecting plate, forms a brush array, and two adjacent brushes form one group, clamp and be adjacent to middle tubular collecting plate, during rotation, the dust brush be adsorbed on collecting plate is got off, taken away by air-flow, reach deashing object; Described brush, can be hairbrush, wire brush or other material brushes, length and tubular collecting plate length match, can be rotatable wire brush or hairbrush and brush roll, also can be the non-rotating brush of ribbon, the bearing of two brushes or the center square of brush rib can step-less adjustment, when bristle wear, the thrust of bristle can be regulated, keep good brush dirt effect; It is upper and vertical with cross bar that a cross bar (this cross bar is the drive rod driving brush to rotate) is fixed on described brush array top, on the axle that this cross bar is fixed on again coaxial sleeve axle center and perpendicular to this axle, this axle (this axle is driving shaft) the fixed mount center that bottom carriage center is fixed in bottom, top is fixed on top, and can rotate freely along axis; Described driving mechanism provides power by the miniature motor that is fixed on coaxial sleeve collecting plate array driving shaft top, connects also driven brush array top drive rod and rotates along axle center, drives brush array synchronously along driving shaft rotation, removing dust and clearing ash.
In such scheme, described sparking electrode is the frame structure of hollow, is also provided with the projection of pointed tooth shape outside the edge of sparking electrode.
In such scheme, described collecting plate and the material of sparking electrode are the conductive plate material of rigidity, can be stainless steel, iron or other conductive material.
In such scheme, described rotating ash removal device also can be a pair scraper plate with collecting plate close contact, utilizes scraper plate to wipe dust on collecting plate off.
In such scheme, described dust arrester also can be and liquid spraying device, adopts shower nozzle ejection cleaning fluid washing collecting plate.
Principle of the present invention is the collecting electrode adopted is the coaxial cylindrical conductive plate of rigidity, internal diameter is descending is nested to form tubular collecting plate array from level to level, increase the dust-collecting area of the collecting plate in unit volume, driving shaft is positioned at coaxial sleeve axle center and is driven by motor and rotates, transmit power to drive rod, drive the rotation brush roll that contacts with collecting plate or deashing scraper plate or liquid to spray movement and rotate, sweep dust.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Because its collecting plate is coaxial cylindrical, form nested array and maintain static, increase the dust-collecting area in unit volume, transmitting power by the driving shaft of driven by motor drives rotation brush roll or deashing scraper plate or liquid to spray to drive rod, the dust that collecting polar plate traps is swept completely, high resistivity dust can be trapped efficiently like this, simultaneously do not need to pull down carry out manual cleaning, can realize non-maintaining.This system architecture is simple, reliable and stable.Owing to taking unique coaxial sleeve tubular multi-dust collecting plate design and rotating ash removal apparatus design, greatly optimize structure, enhance function and stability, reduce cost, be applicable to producing in enormous quantities.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention inner coaxial cylindrical collecting plate structural perspective;
Fig. 2 is embodiment of the present invention internal discharge electrode and deashing device structural perspective;
Fig. 3 is embodiment of the present invention coaxial cylindrical collecting plate and sparking electrode position relationship profile;
Fig. 4 is the embodiment of the present invention inner coaxial cylindrical collecting plate structure upward view;
In figure: 1. tubular collecting plate; 2. deashing brush; 3. driving shaft; 4. drive rod; 5. fixed support; 6. bottom support; 7. top end holder; 8. sparking electrode (with broached-tooth design).
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the embodiment in accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but do not form any limitation of the invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust, include the dust removal machine of band dust exhaust apparatus, dust removal machine enclosure is provided with collecting electrode 1 and sparking electrode 8, and with the high-voltage power apparatus of collecting electrode 1, sparking electrode 8 phase configuration, wherein collecting electrode 1 is one group of coaxial sleeve tubular multi-dust collecting plate, it is characterized in that: described collecting plate is tubular, nine layers of tubular collecting plate are that coaxial arrangement, from inside to outside barrel dliameter increase successively, form the parallel control of dust plate array of tubular, and bottom is fixed on bottom support 6; In the middle of often adjacent tubular collecting plate array gap, sparking electrode 8 is installed, also arranges the deashing brush 2 had the automatic rotation deashing device that collecting plate cleans simultaneously; Described deashing brush top is fixed on drive rod 4 also vertical with it, this drive rod 4 is fixed on again and is positioned on coaxial sleeve axle center driving shaft 3, the center that the center of bottom support 6 is fixed in driving shaft 3 bottom, top end holder 7 is fixed on top, and can rotate freely along axis; The miniature motor that described driving shaft 3 can be fixed on top end holder 7 by one provides power to rotate along axle center, drives drive rod 4 to rotate, and then drive deashing brush 2 array synchronously rotates along driving shaft 3, removing dust and clearing ash.
In such scheme, described sparking electrode 8 is the frame structure of hollow, is also provided with the projection of pointed tooth shape outside the edge of sparking electrode 8.
In such scheme, described tubular collecting electrode plate 1 and the material of sparking electrode 8 are the conductive plate material of rigidity, can be stainless steel, iron or other conductive material.
In such scheme, described tubular collecting electrode plate 1 can be the various tubular structure forms such as cylindrical tube shape, taper tubular, hyperbola tubular.
In such scheme, described deashing brush 2 also can be a pair scraper plate with collecting electrode plate 1 close contact, utilizes scraper plate to wipe dust on collecting plate 1 off.
In such scheme, described dust arrester also can be liquid spraying device, adopts shower nozzle ejection cleaning fluid washing collecting plate.
The embodiment of the present invention takes unique coaxial sleeve tubular multi-dust collecting battery lead plate design and rotating ash removal apparatus design, tubular collecting electrode adopts the conductive sheet metal of rigidity as manufactures such as stainless sheet steels, internal diameter is descending is nested to form tubular collecting plate array from level to level, increase the dust-collecting area of collecting plate in unit volume, driving shaft is positioned at coaxial sleeve axle center and provides power drive its rotation by plug-in motor, transmit power to drive rod, drive rotation brush roll, deashing scraper plate or the liquid contacted with collecting plate to spray mobile rotation, thus sweep dust.
The above, it is only the preferred embodiment of this invention, not any pro forma restriction is done to invention, every above embodiment is done according to technical spirit of the present invention any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification, be all still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust, include the dust removal machine of band dust exhaust apparatus, dust removal machine enclosure is provided with sparking electrode and collecting electrode, rotating ash removal device, and with the high-voltage power apparatus of collecting electrode, sparking electrode phase configuration; Wherein collecting electrode is one group of coaxial sleeve tubular multi-dust collecting plate, it is characterized in that: described collecting plate is tubular, the heavy tubular collecting plate of N is for coaxially arrangement, from inside to outside barrel dliameter increase successively, form the parallel control of dust plate array of tubular, bottom is fixed on the support of bottom, and wherein N is natural number and 200 >=N >=2; In the middle of often adjacent tubular collecting plate gap, sparking electrode is installed, also arranges the dust cleaning brush had the automatic rotation deashing device that collecting plate cleans simultaneously.
2. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described tubular collecting electrode plate, is the various tubular structure forms such as cylindrical tube shape, taper tubular or hyperbola tubular.
3. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described sparking electrode is the frame structure of hollow, is also provided with the projection of pointed tooth shape outside the edge of sparking electrode.
4. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotating ash removal device, match with tubular collecting plate electrode, brush is together fixed on and driving mechanism forms by some groups, brush arrangement mode is coaxially arranged along with tubular collecting plate, forms a brush array, and two adjacent brushes form one group, folder is attached on middle tubular collecting plate, during rotation, the dust brush be adsorbed on collecting plate is got off, reach deashing object.
5. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: the brush of described rotating ash removal device also can be the brush roll contacted with collecting plate for a pair, and brush dust is carried out with small brushes projection in brush roll surface.
6. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: the brush of described rotating ash removal device also can for a pair scraper plate with collecting plate close contact, utilizes scraper plate to wipe dust on collecting plate off.
7. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described rotating ash removal device can be also liquid spraying device, adopts shower nozzle ejection cleaning fluid washing collecting plate.
8. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the brush of described rotating ash removal device, the spacing forming the adjacent brush of one group two can step-less adjustment, when bristle wear, the thrust of bristle can be regulated, keep good brush dirt effect.
9. the board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the brush of described rotating ash removal device, brush array top to be fixed on drive rod and vertical with drive rod, this drive rod is fixed on again on the driving shaft in coaxial sleeve axle center, the fixed mount center that bottom carriage center is fixed in driving shaft bottom, top is fixed on top, and freely can rotate along axis.
CN201420255146.6U 2014-05-19 2014-05-19 The board-like electrostatic cleaner of coaxial sleeve control of dust CN204170850U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815754A (en) * 2015-03-14 2015-08-05 王金志 Automatic ash-cleaning spiral dust collection pole electric dedusting machine
CN105689129A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-06-22 江苏凯达石英有限公司 Quartz sand magnetic separation device
CN106733179A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-31 广东工业大学 A kind of electrostatic precipitation haze device
CN106824531A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-13 美的集团股份有限公司 Fume purifying module and fume extractor
CN107009852A (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-08-04 长城汽车股份有限公司 A kind of vehicle-mounted air purification device
CN107051733A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-08-18 刘丞轩 Electrostatic precipitator based on titanium stainless steel composite material
CN108025318A (en) * 2015-09-09 2018-05-11 株式会社创意科技 Air cleaner
CN108686834A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-10-23 朱森 A kind of control system and its control method of swinging electrostatic precipitator

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815754A (en) * 2015-03-14 2015-08-05 王金志 Automatic ash-cleaning spiral dust collection pole electric dedusting machine
CN108025318B (en) * 2015-09-09 2019-11-15 株式会社创意科技 Air cleaner
CN108025318A (en) * 2015-09-09 2018-05-11 株式会社创意科技 Air cleaner
CN107009852A (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-08-04 长城汽车股份有限公司 A kind of vehicle-mounted air purification device
CN105689129A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-06-22 江苏凯达石英有限公司 Quartz sand magnetic separation device
CN106733179A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-31 广东工业大学 A kind of electrostatic precipitation haze device
CN106824531A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-13 美的集团股份有限公司 Fume purifying module and fume extractor
CN107051733A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-08-18 刘丞轩 Electrostatic precipitator based on titanium stainless steel composite material
CN108686834A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-10-23 朱森 A kind of control system and its control method of swinging electrostatic precipitator

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Effective date of registration: 20150325

Address after: 715, building 230088, building A3, innovation industrial park, 800 Wangjiang West Road, Hefei hi tech Zone, Anhui

Patentee after: Electric Co., Ltd is ground in Anhui

Address before: Jinzhai road in Baohe District of Hefei city in Anhui province 230026 No. 96 Physics Department of University of Science and Technology of China

Patentee before: Zhang Jianwu

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Owner name: ANHUI ZHONGYAN ELECTRICAL LLC

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Effective date: 20150325

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Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 230026 HEFEI, ANHUI PROVINCE TO: 230088 HEFEI, ANHUI PROVINCE