CN204165857U - Based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content - Google Patents

Based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204165857U
CN204165857U CN201420587194.5U CN201420587194U CN204165857U CN 204165857 U CN204165857 U CN 204165857U CN 201420587194 U CN201420587194 U CN 201420587194U CN 204165857 U CN204165857 U CN 204165857U
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China
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storage chamber
air storage
heating furnace
gas
communicated
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420587194.5U
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Inventor
吕国祥
黄勇斌
刘欢
李其鑫
胡蝶
雷一文
金涛
胡兆瑞
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CHENGDU CHUANGYUAN OIL AND GAS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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CHENGDU CHUANGYUAN OIL AND GAS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content, sample pot is provided with in heating furnace, sample pot is provided with adsorbent, the opening part of sample pot is provided with sealing shroud, temperature thermocouple is provided with in sample pot, temperature-control heat couple is provided with in heating furnace, temperature thermocouple is connected with control box, temperature-control heat couple is connected with control box, heating furnace outer setting has air storage chamber, air storage chamber is communicated with sample pot inside, pressure transducer is communicated with air storage chamber inside, pressure transducer is connected with control box, heating furnace outer setting has vacuum pump, vacuum pump is communicated with air storage chamber inside, vacuum pump is connected with control box, heating furnace outer setting has gas tank to be measured and blanket gas tank, gas tank to be measured and blanket gas tank are all communicated with air storage chamber inside.This system exactly by the assay of adsorbed gas in shale gas out, can be convenient to analyst and carry out subsequent analysis, makes the follow-up use of shale gas obtain data accurately.

Description

Based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of system, especially relates to a kind of system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content.
Background technology
Shale gas composes to be stored in rich organic mud shale and interlayer thereof, and be the Unconventional forage of main existing way to adsorb with free state, composition, based on methane, belongs to a class together with " coal-seam gas ", " tight gas ".The formation of shale gas and enrichment have the feature of self uniqueness, are often distributed in larger, the widespread shale hydrocarbon source rock formation of thickness in basin.Shale gas very early by people cognition, but gather than conventional natural gas difficulty, along with energy resource is day by day deficient, as the useful supplement of conventional natural gas, people recognize the importance of shale gas gradually.Shale gas is present in kerogen, clay particle and pore surface with adsorbed state (about 50%), minute quantity is stored in rock gas in kerogen, bituminous matter and oil with dissolved state and is also present in the siltstone of sandwich-like, silty, pelitic siltstone, even sandstone formation for after rock gas generates, gathering nearby in source bed shows as typical original place Reservoir model, larger with difference such as resinous shale, oil-sand, pitch earth.Different from conventional reservoir gas reservoir, shale is the source rock that rock gas generates, and is also reservoir and the cap rock of assembling and preserve rock gas.Therefore the black shale that the content of organic matter is high, high-carbon mud stone etc. are often best shale gas developmental conditions.
Shale also belongs to compacted rock, therefore also can be included into tight gas reservoir gas.It originates in the Devonian system shale in A Balaqiya basin, is crineous and black, rich organic, can be angry in a large number.Reservoir space is main with crack and adsorbed gas and Water Soluble Gas form can composes and deposit, and being that low (bear) presses, low saturation (about 30%), is thus low yield.But can obtain high yield at Fractured Zone, the modification measures such as well-shoot and pressure break effect might as well.Shale gas exploitation has the advantage that production life of well is long and the production cycle is long---and most of aerogenesis shale has a very wide distribution, thickness large, and general gassiness, make shale gas well can stablize aerogenesis chronically.But shale gas permeability of reservoir is low, exploitation difficulty is larger.Along with constantly riseing of world energy sources consumption, the unconventional energy resource comprising shale gas more and more comes into one's own.The states such as America & Canada have realized shale gas commercial development.In past 10 years, shale gas has become a kind of natural gas source become more and more important of the U.S., have also been obtained the extensive concern of whole world other countries simultaneously.2000, U.S.'s shale gas output only accounted for 1% of rock gas total amount; And by 2010, because the development of the technology such as waterfrac treatment, lateral drilling, the proportion shared by shale gas was more than 20%.Containing many kinds of substance in shale gas, its composition content is not easy to measure out exactly, and traditional Analytical system, due to absorption situation design imprecision, makes the error of shale gas component content mensuration very large, causes shale gas later use to there is very burden.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned existing Analytical system owing to designing imprecision to absorption situation, make the error of shale gas component content mensuration very large, shale gas later use is caused to there is the problem of very burden, devise a kind of system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content, this system can exactly by the assay of adsorbed gas in shale gas out, be convenient to analyst and carry out subsequent analysis, the follow-up use of shale gas is made to obtain data accurately, be convenient to processing and utilization, solve existing Analytical system owing to designing imprecision to absorption situation, make the error of shale gas component content mensuration very large, shale gas later use is caused to there is the problem of very burden.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content, comprise the heating furnace of inner hollow, inner hollow is provided with and the sample pot of top end opening in the cavity of described heating furnace, adsorbent is provided with in the cavity of sample pot, the top of sample pot is arranged on above heating furnace, the opening part of sample pot is provided with sealing shroud, and sealing shroud can closing openings completely, temperature thermocouple is provided with in sample pot, the bottom of temperature thermocouple be arranged on adsorbent top and near adsorbent, temperature-control heat couple is provided with in heating furnace, temperature-control heat couple is arranged on sample pot outside, temperature thermocouple is connected with control box, and control box is arranged on heating furnace outside, temperature-control heat couple is connected with control box, heating furnace outer setting has the air storage chamber of inner hollow, air storage chamber is communicated with sample pot inside, air storage chamber outer setting has pressure transducer, pressure transducer is communicated with air storage chamber inside, pressure transducer is connected with control box, and heating furnace outer setting has vacuum pump, vacuum pump is communicated with air storage chamber inside, and vacuum pump is connected with control box, heating furnace outside is also provided with gas tank to be measured and blanket gas tank, and gas tank to be measured and blanket gas tank are all communicated with air storage chamber inside.
Between described gas tank to be measured and air storage chamber, between blanket gas tank and air storage chamber, be provided with reduction valve, and reduction valve is communicated with air storage chamber with corresponding gas tank to be measured, blanket gas tank.
Be provided with tensimeter between described reduction valve and air storage chamber, tensimeter is communicated with air storage chamber with reduction valve simultaneously.
Be provided with retaining valve between described vacuum pump and air storage chamber, and retaining valve is communicated with air storage chamber with vacuum pump simultaneously.
The install pipeline that described air storage chamber is communicated with sample pot has screen pack, and the sidewall of screen pack contacts with the interior wall seamless of pipeline.
In sum, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: this system exactly by the assay of adsorbed gas in shale gas out, can be convenient to analyst and carry out subsequent analysis, make the follow-up use of shale gas obtain data accurately, are convenient to processing and utilization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Mark and corresponding parts title in accompanying drawing: 1-blanket gas tank; 2-reduction valve one; 3-tensimeter one; 4-air storage chamber; 5-screen pack; 6-retaining valve; 7-vacuum pump; 8-control box; 9-temperature-control heat couple; 10-temperature thermocouple; 11-adsorbent; 12-heating furnace; 13-sample pot; 14-reduction valve two; 15-tensimeter two; 16-gas tank to be measured; 17-sealing shroud; 18-pressure transducer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited only to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content, comprise the heating furnace 12 of inner hollow, inner hollow is provided with and the sample pot 13 of top end opening in the cavity of described heating furnace 12, adsorbent 11 is provided with in the cavity of sample pot 13, the top of sample pot 13 is arranged on above heating furnace 12, the opening part of sample pot 13 is provided with sealing shroud 17, and sealing shroud 17 can closing openings completely, temperature thermocouple 10 is provided with in sample pot 13, the bottom of temperature thermocouple 10 be arranged on adsorbent 11 top and near adsorbent 11, temperature-control heat couple 9 is provided with in heating furnace 12, it is outside that temperature-control heat couple 9 is arranged on sample pot 13, temperature thermocouple 10 is connected with control box 8, and control box 8 is arranged on heating furnace 12 outside, temperature-control heat couple 9 is connected with control box 8, heating furnace 12 outer setting has the air storage chamber 4 of inner hollow, air storage chamber 4 is communicated with sample pot 13 inside, air storage chamber 4 outer setting has pressure transducer 18, pressure transducer 18 is communicated with air storage chamber 4 inside, pressure transducer 18 is connected with control box 8, and heating furnace 12 outer setting has vacuum pump 7, vacuum pump 7 is communicated with air storage chamber 4 inside, and vacuum pump 7 is connected with control box 8, heating furnace 12 outside is also provided with gas tank 16 to be measured and blanket gas tank 1, and gas tank 16 to be measured and blanket gas tank 1 are all communicated with air storage chamber 4 inside.In gas tank 16 to be measured, be full of shale gas to be measured, in blanket gas tank 1, be full of helium, the instrument of system is powered up, now, temperature display meter, pressure display instrument table and temperature control instrument display measurement value.The control temperature value of design temperature control instrument, starts heating to heating furnace.Through after a while, temperature stabilization in setting value, with temperature thermocouple 10 for basis, because this thermopair is near sample, closest to the true temperature of sample.Take the adsorbent 11 of certain mass m with electronic balance, be placed in sample pot 13, close reduction valve, start vacuum pump 7, air storage chamber and sample pot 13 are vacuumized, until indoor absolute pressure completes lower than degassed during 0.1 Pa.Close vacuum pump, open reduction valve 1, in air storage chamber 4, fill helium, when pressure reaches the minimum pressure of tensimeter 1, stop air feed, record pressure P 1, then open reduction valve 1, when air storage chamber 4 and sample pot 13 equalization of pressure, record pressure P 2, calculates volume V1; Continue again to fill helium to air storage chamber 4, measure at elevated pressures and obtain volume V2; Duplicate measurements three times, averages as the volume of Vt.Undertaken degassed by above-mentioned steps again.Open reduction valve 2 14, fill shale gas to be measured to air storage chamber 4, measuring process is identical with said process, calculates the amount of gas before and after absorption, finally, by the gas flow of (before m after-m)/m unit of account mass adsorption agent absorption.In the shale gas obtained by native system, the content of adsorbed gas is accurate, according to the different characterization of adsorptions of different adsorbents, can adsorb the gas of different component in shale gas, be convenient to researchist analyze shale gas, this system can exactly by the assay of adsorbed gas in shale gas out, be convenient to analyst and carry out subsequent analysis, the follow-up use of shale gas is made to obtain data accurately, be convenient to processing and utilization, solve existing Analytical system owing to designing imprecision to absorption situation, make the error of shale gas component content mensuration very large, shale gas later use is caused to there is the problem of very burden.
Between described gas tank to be measured 16 and air storage chamber 4, between blanket gas tank 1 and air storage chamber 4, be provided with reduction valve, and reduction valve is communicated with air storage chamber 4 with corresponding gas tank to be measured 16, blanket gas tank 1; Be provided with tensimeter between described reduction valve and air storage chamber 4, tensimeter is communicated with air storage chamber 4 with reduction valve simultaneously.For convenience of describing, reduction valve called after reduction valve 2 14 between gas tank 16 to be measured and air storage chamber 4 will be arranged on, be arranged on the reduction valve called after reduction valve 1 between blanket gas tank 1 and air storage chamber 4, be arranged on the tensimeter called after tensimeter 1 between reduction valve 1 and air storage chamber 4, be arranged on the tensimeter called after tensimeter 2 15 between reduction valve 2 14 and air storage chamber 4, so that control the pressure of the gas in blanket gas tank 1 and gas tank to be measured 16, the air flow energy flowed in breather line 4 is made to access control, the pressure of system links is made to accomplish that the moment controls accurately.
Be provided with retaining valve 6 between described vacuum pump 7 and air storage chamber 4, and retaining valve 6 is communicated with air storage chamber 4 with vacuum pump 7 simultaneously.In order to avoid the air in the external world enters into system by vacuum pump 7, cause the error of system measurement, so be provided with retaining valve 6, gas can only be discharged from system to vacuum pump 7 direction, and can not flow into from vacuum pump 7 direction.
The install pipeline that described air storage chamber 4 is communicated with sample pot 13 has screen pack 5, and the sidewall of screen pack 5 contacts with the interior wall seamless of pipeline.Adsorbent 11 adopts granular acticarbon sometimes, when being heated or vacuum pump 7 is bled, easily along with air-flow enters into pipeline, in order to avoid it enters the blocking that pipeline causes pipeline, need to arrange screen pack 5 to filter air-flow, ensure carrying out smoothly of system works.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not any pro forma restriction is done to the utility model; every according to technology of the present utility model, method in fact to any simple modification, equivalent variations that above embodiment is done, all fall within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content, it is characterized in that: the heating furnace (12) comprising inner hollow, inner hollow is provided with and the sample pot of top end opening (13) in the cavity of described heating furnace (12), adsorbent (11) is provided with in the cavity of sample pot (13), the top of sample pot (13) is arranged on heating furnace (12) top, the opening part of sample pot (13) is provided with sealing shroud (17), and sealing shroud (17) can closing openings completely, temperature thermocouple (10) is provided with in sample pot (13), the bottom of temperature thermocouple (10) be arranged on adsorbent (11) top and near adsorbent (11), temperature-control heat couple (9) is provided with in heating furnace (12), it is outside that temperature-control heat couple (9) is arranged on sample pot (13), temperature thermocouple (10) is connected with control box (8), and control box (8) is arranged on heating furnace (12) outside, temperature-control heat couple (9) is connected with control box (8), heating furnace (12) outer setting has the air storage chamber (4) of inner hollow, air storage chamber (4) is communicated with sample pot (13) inside, air storage chamber (4) outer setting has pressure transducer (18), pressure transducer (18) is communicated with air storage chamber (4) inside, pressure transducer (18) is connected with control box (8), and heating furnace (12) outer setting has vacuum pump (7), vacuum pump (7) is communicated with air storage chamber (4) inside, and vacuum pump (7) is connected with control box (8), heating furnace (12) outside is also provided with gas tank to be measured (16) and blanket gas tank (1), and gas tank to be measured (16) and blanket gas tank (1) are all communicated with air storage chamber (4) inside.
2. the system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: between described gas tank to be measured (16) and air storage chamber (4), between blanket gas tank (1) and air storage chamber (4), be provided with reduction valve, and reduction valve is communicated with air storage chamber (4) with corresponding gas tank to be measured (16), blanket gas tank (1).
3. the system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content according to claim 2, is characterized in that: be provided with tensimeter between described reduction valve and air storage chamber (4), and tensimeter is communicated with air storage chamber (4) with reduction valve simultaneously.
4. the system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: between described vacuum pump (7) and air storage chamber (4), be provided with retaining valve (6), and retaining valve (6) is communicated with air storage chamber (4) with vacuum pump (7) simultaneously.
5. the system based on analyzing shale gas adsorbed gas content according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the install pipeline that described air storage chamber (4) is communicated with sample pot (13) has screen pack (5), and the sidewall of screen pack (5) contacts with the interior wall seamless of pipeline.
CN201420587194.5U 2014-10-13 2014-10-13 Based on the system analyzed shale gas adsorbed gas content Expired - Fee Related CN204165857U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104316428A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-28 成都创源油气技术开发有限公司 Shale adsorbed gas content analysis system
WO2019023722A1 (en) * 2017-08-01 2019-02-07 Grabner Instruments Messtechnik Gmbh Method for measuring the vapor pressure of liquid and solid materials
CN109958429A (en) * 2017-12-21 2019-07-02 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A method of judging shale gas adsorbed gas output

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104316428A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-28 成都创源油气技术开发有限公司 Shale adsorbed gas content analysis system
WO2019023722A1 (en) * 2017-08-01 2019-02-07 Grabner Instruments Messtechnik Gmbh Method for measuring the vapor pressure of liquid and solid materials
CN109958429A (en) * 2017-12-21 2019-07-02 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A method of judging shale gas adsorbed gas output
CN109958429B (en) * 2017-12-21 2021-10-22 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Method for judging shale gas adsorption gas output

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Granted publication date: 20150218

Termination date: 20161013