CN204149631U - Outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite - Google Patents

Outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204149631U
CN204149631U CN201420518881.1U CN201420518881U CN204149631U CN 204149631 U CN204149631 U CN 204149631U CN 201420518881 U CN201420518881 U CN 201420518881U CN 204149631 U CN204149631 U CN 204149631U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
weather
open air
encapsulation composite
protective layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420518881.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨小旭
沈晓东
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JIANGSU GORICHEN NEW MATERIALS CO Ltd
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JIANGSU GORICHEN NEW MATERIALS CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201420518881.1U priority Critical patent/CN204149631U/en
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Publication of CN204149631U publication Critical patent/CN204149631U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite; it is characterized in that, it comprises the sealer, the first glue layer, printed layers, weathering protective layer, the second glue layer, plastic basic unit, tack coat and the release protective layer that are cascading from top to bottom.Encapsulation composite described in the utility model can be used in cell piece front and rear; without the need to high temperature lamination; lightweight; when using its encapsulation solar battery sheet, only need to tear release diaphragm, front and back all use encapsulating material to be clipped in the middle by cell piece and can use; and any shape can be cut into; apparently carry out embossing, especially there is decorations such as can printing, reach the requirement of distributed power generation assembly to outward appearance and beautiful decoration.The utility model can also be applied to the material that various open air need be protected, as fields such as outdoor billboard, steel component, building curtain wall, photovoltaic encapsulation material and high-grade inner decoration materials, and applied range.

Description

Outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite
Technical field
The utility model belongs to photovoltaic technology, field of new, is specifically related to a kind of weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air that can be used for solar module.
Background technology
Along with the development of human civilization, the whole world faces the problems such as serious energy crisis and environmental pollution.Wherein, solar energy directly can be transformed into the photovoltaic solar cell of electric energy as solving one of worldwide energy crisis and the important method reducing environmental pollution.Distributed photovoltaic power generation refers in particular to employing photovoltaic module, solar energy is directly converted to the distributed generation system of electric energy.It is a kind of novel, tool generating with broad prospects for development and comprehensive utilization of energy mode, it is advocated and generates electricity nearby, grid-connected nearby, change nearby, the principle used nearby, effectively can not only improve the generated energy of same size photovoltaic plant, also efficiently solve the loss problem of electric power in boosting and long-distance transport simultaneously.Distributed photovoltaic power generation system range of application: can in rural area, pastoral area, mountain area, developing large, medium and small city or commercial neighborhoods are built, and often need to take into account the requirements such as shape appearance is attractive in appearance, practical, easy accessibility.
At present, the solar energy single crystal on market or polycrystalline assembly, all take following structure, the safety glass layer that is namely cascading from top to bottom, EVA layer, cell piece, EVA layer, TPT layer and aluminum alloy frame.。Safety glass thickness weight, not easily carrying and installation, and when packaged battery sheet, easily cause cell piece cracked.Notacoria mostly is fluorine-containing polymer composite, play block water, the protective effect such as insulation.And use heat molten type EVA adhesive film at high temperature laminating packaging, can cell piece be damaged, cause decrease of power generation.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite, without the need to high temperature lamination, lightweight; when using its encapsulation solar battery sheet; only need to tear release diaphragm, front and back all can use encapsulating material described in the utility model, are clipped in the middle by cell piece and can use.
For realizing above-mentioned utility model object, the utility model have employed following technical scheme:
A kind of outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite, it is characterized in that, it comprises the sealer, the first glue layer, printed layers, weathering protective layer, the second glue layer, plastic basic unit, tack coat and the release protective layer that are cascading from top to bottom.
Preferably, described sealer is the fluoroplastic layer of transparent material, and light refractive index is 1.35 ~ 1.40, and the thickness of described sealer is 10 ~ 30 μm.
Described sealer is 100% pure fluoroplastics, can be the fluoroplastics such as PVDF or PVF or ETFE or ECTFE material, surface compact, and do not burnt cigarette, has solvent resistance good, rub resistance, and self-cleaning is strong, the advantages such as sterilization anti-mildew change, plays the effect of top layer protection.
Preferably, described first glue layer and the second glue layer are the glue layer comprising polyurethane or acrylic acid or epoxy or silica gel, and the thickness of described first glue layer and the second glue layer is 5 ~ 10 μm.
The effect of described first glue layer and the second glue layer is exactly the levels that bonds, and the effect of described printed layers is used to ink-jet or uses ink printing decorative layer.
Preferably, described weathering protective layer comprises fluororesin layer, and described fluororesin is PVDF or PVF or ETFE or ECTFE material.
Described weathering protective layer can play weather-proof anti-ultraviolet ageing, play deep layer protection effect.
Preferably, described plastic basic unit is layer of PVC or PMMA layer or PS layer or PC layer, and the thickness of described plastic basic unit is 100 ~ 500 μm.
The effect of described plastic basic unit is to provide mechanical support intensity.
Preferably, described tack coat is the PUR of EVA or PVB material.
Preferred further, described tack coat is liquid silica gel or acrylate pressure sensitive adhesive Post RDBMS bonding material.
Described tack coat is soft materials, protected material interface of fitting.
Preferably, described release protective layer is PE layer or pet layer or PP layer, and the thickness of described release protective layer is 50 ~ 100 μm.
Beneficial effect:
Encapsulation composite described in the utility model can be used in cell piece front and rear, without the need to high temperature lamination, lightweight; when using its encapsulation solar battery sheet; only need to tear release diaphragm, front and back all use encapsulating material to be clipped in the middle by cell piece and can use, and have the following advantages:
(1) encapsulating material described in the utility model can become photovoltaic module by fast packing, without the need to using the techniques such as high-temperature hot lamination, simple and convenient and energy-conservation;
(2) encapsulating material light weight described in the utility model, and can cut into any shape, apparently carries out embossing, especially has decorations such as can printing, reaches the requirement of distributed power generation assembly to outward appearance and beautiful decoration.
(3) encapsulating material described in the utility model can also be applied to the material that various open air need be protected, as fields such as outdoor billboard, steel component, building curtain wall, photovoltaic encapsulation material and high-grade inner decoration materials, and applied range.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air described in the utility model;
Wherein, 1, sealer, the 2, first glue layer, 3, printed layers, 4, weathering protective layer, the 5, second glue layer, 6, plastic basic unit, 7, tack coat, 8, release protective layer.
Detailed description of the invention
Following examples are further described the technical solution of the utility model.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1; a kind of outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite; it is characterized in that, it comprises sealer 1, first glue layer 2, printed layers 3, weathering protective layer 4, second glue layer 5, plastic basic unit 6, tack coat 7 and the release protective layer 8 that are cascading from top to bottom.
Preferably, described sealer 1 is the fluoroplastic layer of transparent material, and light refractive index is 1.35 ~ 1.40, and the thickness of described sealer 1 is 10 ~ 30 μm.
Described sealer is 100% pure fluoroplastics, can be the fluoroplastics such as PVDF or PVF or ETFE or ECTFE material, surface compact, and do not burnt cigarette, has solvent resistance good, rub resistance, and self-cleaning is strong, the advantages such as sterilization anti-mildew change, plays the effect of top layer protection.
Preferably, described first glue layer 2 and the second glue layer 5 are the glue layer comprising polyurethane or acrylic acid or epoxy or silica gel, and the thickness of described first glue layer 2 and the second glue layer 5 is 5 ~ 10 μm.
The effect of described first glue layer 2 and the second glue layer 5 is exactly the levels that bonds, and the effect of described printed layers is used to ink-jet or uses ink printing decorative layer.
Preferably, described weathering protective layer 4 comprises fluororesin layer, and described fluororesin is PVDF or PVF or ETFE or ECTFE material.
Described weathering protective layer 4 can play weather-proof anti-ultraviolet ageing, play deep layer protection effect.
Preferably, described plastic basic unit 6 is layer of PVC or PMMA layer or PS layer or PC layer, and the thickness of described plastic basic unit 6 is 100 ~ 500 μm.
The effect of described plastic basic unit 6 is to provide mechanical support intensity.
Preferably, described tack coat 7 is the PUR of EVA or PVB material.
Preferred further, described tack coat 7 is liquid silica gel or acrylate pressure sensitive adhesive Post RDBMS bonding material.
Described tack coat 7 is soft materials, protected material interface of fitting.
Preferably, described release protective layer 8 is PE layer or pet layer or PP layer, and the thickness of described release protective layer 4 is 50 ~ 100 μm.
It is to be noted; as described above is only the preferred embodiment explaining the utility model; not attempt does any restriction in form to the utility model according to this; be with; all any modification or changes having relevant the utility model of doing under identical utility model spirit, all must be included in the category of the utility model intention protection.

Claims (8)

1. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air; it is characterized in that, it comprises the sealer (1), the first glue layer (2), printed layers (3), weathering protective layer (4), the second glue layer (5), plastic basic unit (6), tack coat (7) and the release protective layer (8) that are cascading from top to bottom.
2. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; the fluoroplastic layer that described sealer (1) is transparent material, light refractive index is 1.35 ~ 1.40, and the thickness of described sealer (1) is 10 ~ 30 μm.
3. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the thickness of described first glue layer (2) and the second glue layer (5) is 5 ~ 10 μm.
4. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described weathering protective layer (4) comprises fluororesin layer, and described fluororesin is PVDF or PVF or ETFE or ECTFE material.
5. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described plastic basic unit (6) is layer of PVC or PMMA layer or PS layer or PC layer, and the thickness of described plastic basic unit (6) is 100 ~ 500 μm.
6. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the PUR that described tack coat (7) is EVA or PVB material.
7. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described tack coat (7) is liquid silica gel or acrylate pressure sensitive adhesive Post RDBMS bonding material.
8. the weather-proof encapsulation composite in open air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described release protective layer (8) is PE layer or pet layer or PP layer, and the thickness of described release protective layer (4) is 50 ~ 100 μm.
CN201420518881.1U 2014-09-10 2014-09-10 Outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite Expired - Fee Related CN204149631U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420518881.1U CN204149631U (en) 2014-09-10 2014-09-10 Outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420518881.1U CN204149631U (en) 2014-09-10 2014-09-10 Outdoor weather-proof encapsulation composite

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204149631U true CN204149631U (en) 2015-02-11

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104228254A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-24 江苏金瑞晨新材料有限公司 Outdoor weatherproof packaging composite material
CN106243575A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 黄山豪泰塑胶有限公司 A kind of uvioresistant PVC packing film
CN106380794A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 黄山豪泰塑胶有限公司 PVC film for substrate of decorative film
CN111834472A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-10-27 浙江晶科能源有限公司 Protective film, photovoltaic device and preparation method of protective film

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104228254A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-24 江苏金瑞晨新材料有限公司 Outdoor weatherproof packaging composite material
CN106243575A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 黄山豪泰塑胶有限公司 A kind of uvioresistant PVC packing film
CN106380794A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 黄山豪泰塑胶有限公司 PVC film for substrate of decorative film
CN111834472A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-10-27 浙江晶科能源有限公司 Protective film, photovoltaic device and preparation method of protective film

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150211

Termination date: 20180910