CN204091677U - A kind of rice cooker - Google Patents

A kind of rice cooker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204091677U
CN204091677U CN201420573830.9U CN201420573830U CN204091677U CN 204091677 U CN204091677 U CN 204091677U CN 201420573830 U CN201420573830 U CN 201420573830U CN 204091677 U CN204091677 U CN 204091677U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rice
pot
cooking
cooking rice
meter
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420573830.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李增成
Original Assignee
李增成
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN 201310422676 priority Critical patent/CN103462485A/en
Priority to CN201310422676.5 priority
Application filed by 李增成 filed Critical 李增成
Priority to CN201420573830.9U priority patent/CN204091677U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204091677U publication Critical patent/CN204091677U/en

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Abstract

A kind of rice cooker, relates to the utensil of Automatic-cooking, comprises and adds a meter device, support, pot cover, pot for cooking rice, pot for cooking rice tilting device, priming apparatus, heater and electric control system formation.The described meter device that adds comprises rice storehouse and rice metering device; Described support is also connected with travel(l)ing rest, and travel(l)ing rest is for opening and closing the opening portion on support; Described pot for cooking rice tilting device, for driving pot for cooking rice, makes pot for cooking rice rotary dumping; Described pot for cooking rice supports does rotary dumping motion for supporting pot for cooking rice; Described pot cover, is connected with pot for cooking rice opening portion, for opening and closing pot for cooking rice door opening portion.The utility model owing to being provided with the automatic opener-closer for door automatically adding a meter device, pot for cooking rice tilting device and be arranged on travel(l)ing rest, can automatically with rice, add water, automatic rice-washing and cooking, manually need not enter pot for cooking rice with rice; Discharging rice washing water with toppling over mode, maintaining the integrality of pot in traditional pot for cooking rice, be easy to again take out pot in food and cleaning at pot for cooking rice, and can conveniently clean interior pot.Owing to washing rice, toppling over rice washing water and shared a set of mechanical device of cooking, the volume of rice cooker and cost are greatly reduced.Rice cooker volume of the present utility model is little, and health is easy to use, is easily accepted by family.

Description

A kind of rice cooker
Technical field
The present invention relates to kitchen appliance, particularly the utensil of Automatic-cooking.
Background technology
Automatically complete with rice, wash rice, add water, heat, boil the utensil of cooking of food, saves cooking time, the life be greatly convenient for people to.Existing automatic rice-washing electric cooker or Automatic-cooking utensil, what have can not automatically with rice, even if having automatically with the Automatic-cooking utensil of rice, the reasons such as the large and complex structure of its volume make these kitchen appliances be difficult to spread in general family.
Therefore, the volume a kind of rice cooker adding meter Gong Neng that has that is little, reliable operation has become a kind of technical issues that need to address.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of volume little, there is a kind of rice cooker adding meter Gong Neng.
The present invention is completed by following structure:
Comprise and add a meter device, support, pot cover, pot for cooking rice, pot for cooking rice tilting device, priming apparatus, heater and electric control system formation.
The described meter device that adds comprises rice storehouse and rice metering device; Add meter device to form an entirety with support or add meter device self and form one (having housing) and support split and place (such as will add a meter device to hang on kitchen wall); When split is arranged, the rice output outlet adding meter device with enter rice chew between be connected with pipeline; For making meter Shun Li enter pot for cooking rice, normally the position of rice storehouse, rice metering device being arranged the position higher than entering rice and chewing, carrying out motion feeding pot for cooking rice with the self gravitation of rice; In addition, the conveying of rice can also be carried out by the rice conveying device of dynamic machine; Rice metering device with rice volume metering mechanism or can use Weighing device.
Described support, as bearing support, its shape can be the support of an opening, also can in the seal casinghousing having opening portion, and support is also connected with travel(l)ing rest, and the shape of travel(l)ing rest can become with support, and travel(l)ing rest is for opening and closing the opening on support.
Described pot for cooking rice tilting device is connected between pot for cooking rice and support or by pot for cooking rice support and connection between pot for cooking rice and support, for driving pot for cooking rice, makes pot for cooking rice opening portion namely be along gravity direction rotary dumping to direction, underground; Described pot for cooking rice supports and is connected with pot for cooking rice, does rotary dumping motion for supporting pot for cooking rice; Described pot cover, is connected with pot for cooking rice opening portion, for opening and closing pot for cooking rice door opening portion; Described priming apparatus comprises the water jet that flowing water enters pot for cooking rice.
Described pot cover, pot cover has the opening (claiming lid mouth) of more than 1, enters rice, water inlet, water outlet and go out steam for pot for cooking rice.
The lid mouth that pot cover is opened, is not limited to quantity and position, can uncap mouth one or more, such as, rice-entering port and steam orifice share water inlet and delivery port respectively, and such pot cover just only has 2 lid mouths; In addition, also can open a larger opening and replace above-mentioned pot cover two lid mouths, larger opening, easily enter pot for cooking rice in draining space-time air-capacitor, the water capacity is easily discharged from pot for cooking rice.
Described rice cooker also has door (title film gate) and opener-closer for door; Described film gate is for opening and closing the lid mouth on pot cover; Described opener-closer for door is for driving described film gate.
The object arranging film gate is to wash rice, the lid mouth on pot cover is closed when cooking, Jia meter and lid mouth being opened, so how much can manufacture one or more film gates according to the opening (lid mouth) on pot cover when adding water; The structure of described opener-closer for door can be arranged flexibly for its structure of film gate described in driving that adapts.
What described rice cooker also comprised that stream rice enters pot for cooking rice enters meter Zui.
If entering rice chews when being arranged on travel(l)ing rest, the rice output outlet adding meter device with enter rice chew between apply flexible pipe road and be connected.
Described heater has dynamic coupling electrical equipment or has electric heater clutch.
For opening and closing the film gate of pot cover upper cover mouth, can be square, circular various shape; The keying campaign of film gate needs direction and position, therefore needs the device (this device claims a guider) being provided with a motion guide to film gate guiding movement; Film gate has slidingtype, rotary; Slip film gate guide rail leads; Rotate film gate with axially oriented, circular rotating film gate also can lead (Figure 17 84) with guide rail.
Described film gate is located on pot cover, and film gate is connected with pot cover by door guider; Described door guider is guide rail or axle; Described opener-closer for door is connected on support or is connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described opener-closer for door is made up of engine and mechanical driving device; Engine is connected with mechanical driving device.
Described film gate is located on pot cover, and film gate is connected with pot cover by door guider; Described door guider is guide rail or axle; Pot cover is provided with spring, and spring is connected between pot cover and film gate, for automatic door-closing; Described opener-closer for door is connected on support or is connected on travel(l)ing rest.
Described engine is motor, hydraulic press or aerostatic press; Described motor is dc motor, stepping motor, servomotor or ac motor.
Described mechanical driving device is the mixing arrangement of gear drive, chain and sprocket driving device, belt drive unit, worm gearing, connecting rod rocker-arm driving device or above-mentioned transmission device.
Described film gate is located on pot cover, and this film gate is sliding door, and film gate is connected with guide rail; Described opener-closer for door, enter rice and chew and be connected on support with water jet or be connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described opener-closer for door comprises electric expansion machine, conehead and cone neck and forms; Conehead is connected with the telescopic head of electric expansion machine; Any one telescopic machine following selected by described electric expansion machine: the mechanical, electrical dynamic nut-screw rod telescopic machine of electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine, electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine, electric gear rocker telescopic or electronic worm and wormwheel screw mandrel telescopic machine.
Described film gate is connected on opener-closer for door, opener-closer for door, enters rice and chews and be connected on travel(l)ing rest with water jet; Described opener-closer for door is become by electric expansion mechanism, and described film gate is located on the telescopic head of electric expansion machine, and film gate is connected with the telescopic head of electric expansion machine; Any one telescopic machine following selected by described electric expansion machine: the mechanical, electrical dynamic nut-screw rod telescopic machine of electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine, electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine, electric gear rocker telescopic or electronic worm and wormwheel screw mandrel telescopic machine.
Described film gate is located on pot cover, and this film gate is revolving door, and film gate to be connected with pot cover by guide rail or pot cover has axle, and this film gate is connected with pot cover by axle; Described opener-closer for door, enter rice and chew and be connected on support with water jet or be connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described opener-closer for door comprises band decelerator motor and rocking arm is formed.
Described film gate is located on pot cover, and film gate is connected with pot cover by door guider; Described door guider is guide rail or axle; Described opener-closer for door is connected on support or is connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described electric control system output current controls pot for cooking rice tilting device and drives pot for cooking rice to do to rotate more than 360 degree and wash rice or described electric control system output current and control pot for cooking rice tilting device and drive pot for cooking rice to do repeatedly not turning round of positive and negative rotation to wash rice.
Described rice metering device is a meter volume metering mechanism, this device be connected to rice storehouse to enter rice chew between meter Lu Zhong; Rice volume metering mechanism comprises rice measuring jar, is connected to the Electrically operated gate at rice measuring jar rice inlet place and is connected to the Electrically operated gate at rice measuring jar rice output outlet place; The Electrically operated gate at rice inlet place is for opening and closing rice inlet; The Electrically operated gate at rice output outlet place, for opening and closing rice output outlet.
After the volume of rice measuring jar is fixing, its time of filling rice is also fixed, therefore after computer Electrically operated gate opens the rice inlet of upper end, enter to a fixing ratio time that full rice slightly grows and enter rice, close rice inlet afterwards, then open rice output outlet, fixing go out the time that rice slightly grows to one and gone out rice, closing rice output outlet afterwards, often enter, going out meter Yi Ci is a Ge Liang meter unit of quantity, the like this object of the amount of reaching rice.
Described Electrically operated gate comprises electric expansion machine and gate, and electric expansion machine is connected with gate.
In addition, described rice volume metering mechanism, installs level sensor additional at rice measuring jar rice inlet and rice output outlet place and carries out judging that metering rice amount is carried out in the position of rice, does not need like this to carry out into rice with the set time, go out rice.Reach the object to meter Ji Liang.
Described rice metering device is Weighing device; Weighing device comprises LOAD CELLS and Electrically operated gate; LOAD CELLS is connected with rice storehouse, and supporting is connected with LOAD CELLS, and rice storehouse rice exit connects Electrically operated gate, and this Electrically operated gate is for opening and closing the rice outlet of rice storehouse.
In addition, described Weighing device, comprises fulcrum and LOAD CELLS, and rice storehouse is suspended on fulcrum and LOAD CELLS, and rice storehouse exit is provided with Electrically operated gate; (parameter) weight that microcomputer (CPU) measurement unit exports according to LOAD CELLS and the ratio meter rice output of gravity of distribution hanging fulcrum.In addition, multiple hitch points of rice storehouse can also be made by multiple LOAD CELLS, the weight sum meter rice output that the rice metering device that multiple LOAD CELLS forms is exported according to multiple LOAD CELLS by microcomputer (CPU) measurement unit.
Described pot for cooking rice tilting device is transmission device, is made up of engine and mechanical driving device; Described engine is motor, hydraulic press or aerostatic press; Engine in transmission device is connected with mechanical driving device.
Described pot for cooking rice tilting device is made up of motor and variable transmission mechanism, and motor is connected with variable transmission mechanism.
In addition, described pot for cooking rice tilting device is directly made up of engine, and its clutch end is connected with pot for cooking rice by back shaft, and engine body is connected with support.
It is back shaft or supported hole that described pot for cooking rice supports; The supporting construction of described back shaft selects structure one kind of as follows: structure one is, upwards, arrange a back shaft at a side position of pot for cooking rice body facing to pot for cooking rice body, one end of axle is connected with pot for cooking rice in pot for cooking rice opening portion, the other end of axle does supporting position, and the direction of axle is horizontal direction; Structure two is, upwards, two side positions on pot for cooking rice body arrange two back shafts facing to pot for cooking rice body in pot for cooking rice opening portion, article two, back shaft roughly concentric, article two, back shaft respectively has one end to be connected with pot for cooking rice, and two each other ends of back shaft do supporting position, and the direction of axle is horizontal direction; Structure three, arranges a back shaft, is connected in the centre of axle with pot for cooking rice on pot for cooking rice body or on the face of bottom, supporting position is done at two.The supporting construction of above-mentioned three kinds of pots for cooking rice, back shaft configures bearing and pot for cooking rice tilting device, the Power output of pot for cooking rice tilting device can input from back shaft or arrange fulcrum at pot for cooking rice body and be input to pot for cooking rice, each supporting construction can make pot for cooking rice opening portion namely be topple over towards gravity direction motion towards direction, underground, discharges from the opening portion of pot for cooking rice or interior pot to make rice washing water liquid.
Described pot for cooking rice, it is the container of an individual layer, for the foodstuff that prestores, wash rice and cook or add pot in a split at pot for cooking rice inner chamber, pot for cooking rice carries interior pot, with interior pot replace pot for cooking rice prestore foodstuff, wash rice and cook, interior pot can take out separately, and pot cover becomes for opening and closing interior pot, and pot for cooking rice supports and pot for cooking rice controls still to be located on pot for cooking rice.The shape of pot for cooking rice also can change thereupon (in pot for cooking rice inner chamber increases after pot, the function of pot for cooking rice except pot for cooking rice tilting device, pot for cooking rice support, pot for cooking rice position sensor, the corresponding function becoming interior pot of other functions of pot for cooking rice).
Described support is connected with hyponome, and it is positioned at the below of pot for cooking rice, for collecting the liquid that pot for cooking rice pours out.
Heater, comprises electric heater (dish), dynamically coupling electrical equipment; Electric heater is used for cooking or cooking food to pot for cooking rice heating; Pot for cooking rice needs to rotate, and follows pot for cooking rice to rotate, at this moment apply dynamic coupling electrical equipment conduct electricity and heat pot for cooking rice to electric heater so be arranged at pot for cooking rice outside to the electric heater of pot for cooking rice heating; Dynamic coupling electrical equipment also can to the electrical equipment conduct electricity of the sensor be located on pot for cooking rice.Another heater structure is not to be fixed on pot for cooking rice and then to rotate to the electric heater of pot for cooking rice heating, but electric heater is combined with clutch and heats to pot for cooking rice, and electric heater is combined with clutch and claims electric heater clutch.
Described electric heater clutch is made up of electric heater and telescoping mechanism; Telescoping mechanism is connected with support, and electric heater is connected with telescoping mechanism; Telescoping mechanism is by microcomputer drived control; When heating to pot for cooking rice, telescoping mechanism is stretched out, and make electric heater engage pot for cooking rice and heat, when not heating, telescoping mechanism is retracted, and electric heater is separated with pot for cooking rice, and pot for cooking rice can be rotated.
Described dynamic coupling electrical equipment is to contact dynamic coupling electrical equipment, is fixedly connected between pot for cooking rice and support or by pot for cooking rice support and connection between pot for cooking rice and support, for the electrical equipment conduct electricity on pot for cooking rice; Described dynamic contact dynamic coupling electrical equipment is that the radial mode dynamic coupling electrical equipment of dynamic contact or axialmode move the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of contact or the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of brush.
Described dynamic coupling electrical equipment is the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire, is fixedly connected between pot for cooking rice and support or by pot for cooking rice support and connection between pot for cooking rice and support, for the electrical equipment conduct electricity on pot for cooking rice; Described flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical equipment is the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of cylindrical screw shape flexible wire, or the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of planar spiral flexible wire.
With a kind of rice cooker of flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical equipment, electric control system output current control pot for cooking rice tilting device drives pot for cooking rice to make positive and negative rotation repeatedly and washes rice.
Add meter device and the support of described rice cooker form one or place with support split.
Describedly add the rice conveying device that meter device also includes engine, the meter Lu Zhong before this device is connected to meter volume metering mechanism or after rice metering device;
The rice conveying device of described dynamic machine is that air pressure send a meter device; Air pressure send a meter device to comprise high pressure air pump and rice valve, and the air pressure outlet of high pressure air pump is connected with rice valve air inlet, and rice-entering port and rice outlet are located on meter valve,
Or the rice conveying device of described dynamic machine is that screw rod send a meter device; Described screw rod send meter device to comprise the housing of band decelerator motor, the screw rod be connected with band decelerator motor output end and screw rod periphery, and rice-entering port is positioned at the front end of screw rod transmission, and the rice entered from rice-entering port delivers to rice outlet through screw rod,
Or the rice conveying device of described dynamic machine is that elevator bucket send a meter device; Elevator bucket send a meter device to comprise electronic driving wheel, follower, housing and driving-belt; Driving wheel forms drive circuit by driving-belt and follower, described driving-belt is provided with at least more than one meter Dou; The rice that rice-entering port enters transfers to rice outlet through driving-belt and meter Dou.
Priming apparatus, for adding washing rice to pot for cooking rice, boiling (pot) meal and cooking food, comprises entering water electromagnetic valve (or water pump), watermeter, water route and water jet.If when water jet is arranged on travel(l)ing rest, applies flexible pipe road between water jet with water route and be connected.
With rice, add water, wash rice and cook and gather in a mechanism, form transmission mechanism to drive pot for cooking rice by pot for cooking rice, pot for cooking rice support, support, bearing, pot for cooking rice tilting device, pot for cooking rice tilting device driver and microcomputer.Pot for cooking rice is supported by pot for cooking rice and is supported on support, pot for cooking rice can rotate around support, the clutch end of pot for cooking rice tilting device is connected with pot for cooking rice, or be connected with pot for cooking rice by pot for cooking rice support, microcomputer (CPU) is connected with the engine in pot for cooking rice tilting device by pot for cooking rice tilting device driver.The revolution that pot for cooking rice rotates, rotating speed or the anglec of rotation export control by microcomputer (CPU) with the electric current of different (pulse frequency, different size or different umber of pulses) and reach.When to wash meter, meter He Shui is added into after in pot for cooking rice, and microcomputer (CPU) controls pot for cooking rice and does rotations more than 360 degree and wash rice, or repeatedly does not turning round of positive and negative rotation and wash rice, makes rice and water in pot for cooking rice, do rolling and rubs to move and reach the object of washing rice; When toppling over rice washing water, microcomputer (CPU) controls the angle (position) that pot for cooking rice rotates and makes pot for cooking rice opening portion downwards to topple over the rice washing water of discharging in pot for cooking rice; With rice, add water, cook be all by microcomputer (CPU) control pot for cooking rice do angle (position) rotate, coordinate opener-closer for door complete respectively.
Electric control system comprises sensor, input keyboard and microcomputer CPU, and driver.
The control program that the control of rice cooker specifies is pre-written at relatively low cost microcomputer, microcomputer is by the parameter by the program write and input, by gathering the data of each sensor, orderly control is carried out to each driver, with complete automatically with rice, add water, wash rice and cook.
Effect of the present invention
The present invention is provided with the automatic opener-closer for door automatically adding a meter device, pot for cooking rice tilting device and be arranged on travel(l)ing rest, can automatically with rice, add water, automatic rice-washing and cooking, manually need not enter pot for cooking rice with rice; Rice washing water is discharged with toppling over mode, do not need the pipe valve that perforate or setting contact with the grain of rice in pot for cooking rice, maintain the integrality of pot in traditional pot for cooking rice, be easy to again take out pot in food and cleaning at pot for cooking rice, and interior pot can be brought out easily from pot for cooking rice to have dinner or pot in manual cleaning.Owing to washing rice, toppling over rice washing water and shared a set of mechanical device of cooking, the volume of rice cooker and cost are greatly reduced.
Rice cooker volume of the present invention is little, and health is easy to use, is easily accepted by family.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure sectional view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be Fig. 1 A to sectional view;
Fig. 3 be Fig. 1 A to pot for cooking rice to add water position sectional view;
Fig. 4 is the cover structure view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 be the first embodiment of the present invention add a meter structure drawing of device;
Fig. 6 is the structure sectional view of second embodiment of the present invention pot for cooking rice and back shaft;
Fig. 7 is the electric control system block diagram of the first embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural perspective that third embodiment of the present invention pot for cooking rice tilting device and pot for cooking rice support;
Fig. 9 is the structural perspective of fourth embodiment of the present invention pot for cooking rice tilting device;
Figure 10 is the fifth embodiment of the present invention, the Weighing device structure chart of rice;
Figure 11 is the sixth embodiment of the present invention, and air pressure send a meter structure drawing of device;
Figure 12 is the seventh embodiment of the present invention, and screw rod send a meter structure drawing of device;
Figure 13 is the eighth embodiment of the present invention, and elevator bucket send a meter structure drawing of device;
Figure 14 is the ninth embodiment of the present invention, and pot cover capping is provided with the structure chart of slip film gate;
Figure 15 is the ninth embodiment of the present invention, and the cone neck (86) of conehead drops to stirs position assumption diagram;
Figure 16 is the tenth embodiment of the present invention, and on pot cover, film gate is the half section structure chart of revolving door;
Figure 17 is the top view of Figure 16;
Figure 18 is first embodiment of the present invention cylindrical screw shape flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical structure figure;
Figure 19 is another embodiment of the present invention planar spiral flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical structure figure;
Figure 20 is the dynamic coupling electrical structure figure of the dynamic contact of 11st embodiment of the present invention radial mode;
Figure 21 is the dynamic coupling electrical structure figure of the dynamic contact of 12nd embodiment of the present invention axialmode;
Figure 22 is 13rd embodiment of the present invention electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine structural perspective;
Figure 23 is 14th embodiment of the present invention electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine structural perspective;
Figure 24 is 15th embodiment of the present invention electric gear rocker telescopic machine structural perspective;
Figure 25 is 16th embodiment of the present invention Electric nut screw mandrel telescopic machine structural perspective;
Figure 26 is the 17th embodiment of the present invention electronic worm and gear screw mandrel telescopic machine structural perspective.
Detailed description of the invention
First embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, pot for cooking rice 1, is designed to circle or other shapes, is the container of an individual layer, for the foodstuff that prestores, washes rice, cooks and cooking food.Pot cover 2, for the keying of pot for cooking rice opening portion.Support 10, for supporting the device in rice cooker of the present invention, the rack making one-tenth of the embodiment of the present invention has the housing of opening portion (support can be made into various shape), and housing is provided with bearing 14; Hyponome 16 is positioned at the below of pot for cooking rice, is connected to support, topple over the liquid such as the rice washing water (sewage) of pot for cooking rice discharge for receiving tilting device.Travel(l)ing rest 8, be positioned at the top of pot for cooking rice, making lid shape (or being made into various shape according to support 10) for opening and closing the opening portion of support 10, being connected with opener-closer for door above it, enter that rice chews 26, water jet 27, travel(l)ing rest 8 is placed on support 10 opening portion.
Priming apparatus is made up of entering water electromagnetic valve, water sensor, flexible pipe, pipeline and water jet 27 that (magnetic valve, water sensor and water route are arranged in the idle space of support, not shown in the drawings), for wash rice or cook cooking food time clear water is provided; Electric heater 18, is fixed on pot for cooking rice outer bottom.The temperature of heat sensor 20 perception pot for cooking rice 1; The core of dynamic coupling electrical equipment 11 connects electric heater 18 and heat sensor 20 conduct electricity by wire 17; The clutch end of pot for cooking rice tilting device 12 (the pot for cooking rice tilting device of the present embodiment is made up of with reducing gear motor) is connected pot for cooking rice back shaft 13, and back shaft 13 is connected to pot for cooking rice 1 side, and pot for cooking rice tilting device 12 housing is connected with support 10.Opener-closer for door is made up of electric expansion machine 4 and telescopic head 5; The telescopic head 5 of electric expansion machine 4 is connected to film gate 6, film gate 6 is connected to steam orifice 15.The telescopic head 5 of electric expansion machine rises or declines thus drives film gate 6.Any one telescopic machine following selected by described electric expansion machine: electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine (shown in Figure 22), electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine (shown in Figure 23), electric gear rocker telescopic machine (shown in Figure 24), Electric nut screw mandrel telescopic machine (shown in Figure 25) or electronic worm and wormwheel screw mandrel telescopic machine (shown in Figure 26).
Rice metering device, shown in Fig. 5, has rice inlet 29 by rice measuring jar 35, rice measuring jar 35 upper end, rice inlet 29 place is provided with Electrically operated gate 30, rice output outlet 34 place, rice measuring jar 35 lower end is provided with Electrically operated gate 32 and forms.Rice storehouse 72 is connected with rice inlet 29, forms and adds a meter device.In addition, rice storehouse also can be placed with the split of rice metering device, is connected between rice storehouse with rice metering device with logical mitron.
Enter rice in rice output outlet 34 and Fig. 2 structure in Fig. 5 structure and chew a kind of rice cooker that 26 connect and compose first embodiment of the invention; Adding meter device can be rack-mount, adds meter setting position and chews 26 higher than entering rice; Rice output outlet 34 with enter the logical mitron flexible pipe that rice chews between 26 and be connected, make travel(l)ing rest 8 folding easy; Add meter device also self to form entirety (having housing) and place with support split, split add meter device rice output outlet 34 with enter rice chew 26 between be connected with logical mitron.
In addition, in order to increase the adaptability adding meter device and install, also the rice conveying device of the dynamic machine of any one as follows can be selected to be connected to the meter Lu Zhong adding meter device, and the rice conveying device of dynamic machine is: air pressure send a meter device (shown in Figure 11), screw rod send a meter device (shown in Figure 12) or elevator bucket to send a meter device (shown in Figure 13).
Electric control system is by microcomputer and accessory circuit thereof, and driver forms, and driver is connected with above-mentioned each electrical equipment and electrical; Gather each sensing data and the program process of cooking food of cooking by microcomputer CPU, then output current carries out orderly control to the electrical equipment and electrical of above-mentioned correspondence, to complete with rice, add water, wash rice and cook to each driver.
Below above-mentioned first example structure is described further:
Pot for cooking rice 1, be provided with in its opening portion outer rim and be generally used for and the snap close of stewing lid opening and closing (Fig. 9 65), with pot cover 2 snapping mutually, pot for cooking rice body is provided with back shaft 13, one end of back shaft is fixedly connected with pot for cooking rice body, pot for cooking rice outer bottom abuts with electric heater 18, heat sensor 20, is beneficial to heat transfer to pot for cooking rice.Pot for cooking rice 1 is contained on bearing 14 by back shaft 13, drives it to rotate in support 10 chamber by pot for cooking rice tilting device 12.
Dynamic coupling electrical equipment 11, electric heater 18 and heat sensor 20 rotate owing to followed by pot for cooking rice, so electric heater 18 will adapt to the motion needs of pot for cooking rice with the electric supply installation of heat sensor 20, this power supply to pot for cooking rice will be called dynamic power, the device of power supply will be called dynamic coupling electrical equipment.
This example dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire, electric control system can control positive and negative rotation repeatedly that pot for cooking rice does to be less than 300 degree and not ease back and wash rice; The dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire as shown in figure 18, then the flexible material composition cable 100 adding bend-resistance with flexible wire is formed around multi-turn, as in figure, flexible cable 100, core 101, can stand the continuous core of permanent turnover, its shape is cylindrical screw shape, therefore claims cylindrical screw shape flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical equipment; The dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire also can be planar spiral Figure 19, claims planar spiral flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical equipment; One end of the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire is fixed on pot for cooking rice, core is connected with electric heater 18, heat sensor 20 by wire 17, the other end is fixed on support, and core is connected with electric control system, and the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire can be supported by back shaft 8 periphery.
In addition, also can replace the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire with the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of dynamic contact, namely described dynamic contact dynamic coupling electrical equipment be that the electrical conductor contacted between the motion parts of dynamic coupling electrical equipment and standing part is contact.As shown in figure 20, claim, shown in the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of the dynamic contact of radial mode, Figure 21, to claim the dynamic contact of axialmode dynamic coupling electrical equipment.
Pot cover 2, capping is convex, or close circular arc, circular arc footpath with back shaft 13 for the center of circle, equal or close to delivery port 7 or water inlet 24 arc of trajectory footpath in rotary moving.Pot cover 2 is closely buckled on the opening portion of pot for cooking rice 1, the outside of pot cover is generally used for the handle (not shown) of switching action in addition, pot cover has lid mouth 7 (weighing up the mouth of a river), with lid mouth 24 (title water inlet), water inlet 24 bore be greater than into rice chew 26 make when to add meter not easily outer shallow.Shown in Fig. 4, delivery port 7 screen cloth 28 being less than 1mm aperture seals, so as not to wash rice or row rice washing water (sewage) process in rice be discharged.When distant between water inlet 24 and delivery port 7 is conducive to row's meter Shui (sewage), air enters from water inlet 24.
Travel(l)ing rest 8, it is over the mount 10 hinged by hinge 9, to open and close the opening portion of support 10, when taking out food, travel(l)ing rest 8 is outwards opened; Wash rice cook running status time travel(l)ing rest 8 be in closure state with support 10.
Travel(l)ing rest 8 is provided with water jet 27, enter rice chews 26 and electric expansion machine 4, and the telescopic head 5 of electric expansion machine 4 is connected with film gate 6; When to add meter, water inlet 24 aligns and chews 26 into rice, and when adding water, water inlet 24 aligns water jet 27, and when cooking, film gate 6 can cover delivery port 7 and water inlet 24, and steam orifice 15 aligns delivery port 7.With rice, to add water, arrange the operating process mouth to mouth of washing rice (dirt) water and row's steam be that microcomputer drives pot cover 2 to rotate a certain angle by pot for cooking rice tilting device 12 turn pot for cooking rice 1 and coordinates flexible (lifting) of electric expansion machine 4 to come.As shown in Figure 3, water jet 27 and water inlet 24 align, for adding water state.
Toppling over and controlling of pot for cooking rice, is provided with pot for cooking rice and topples over motor rotations sensing 53 (Fig. 7) and pot for cooking rice position sensor 52 (position sensor can be located at the place that support can detect pot for cooking rice position) in pot for cooking rice tilting device 12.Microcomputer 56 connects topples over motor driver 41 (once claiming pot for cooking rice tilting device driver before this example above), that topples over that motor driver 41 connects pot for cooking rice tilting device 12 topples over motor, exported by microcomputer 56 and control electric current to toppling over motor driver 41, motor is toppled in driving makes pot for cooking rice 1 rotate.Pot for cooking rice opening portion is threaded to top peak (at upper peak, this point is hereinafter referred to as initial point in pot for cooking rice opening portion) by position sensor 52 by microcomputer; Microcomputer controls the dump angle of pot for cooking rice 1 by the revolution pulse number of tachometer generator, or revolution (in addition, also available step motor, the anglec of rotation of pot for cooking rice 1 is controlled by miniature calculating step angle, topple over motor rotations sensor to save) make pot for cooking rice 1 do rotary dumping motion rice washing water (sewage) is discharged from the opening portion of pot for cooking rice 1, the rice washing water of discharging is collected by hyponome 16, by being connected to the tubes rows of drainpipe 19 to rice cooker.
Priming apparatus is to provide clear water and enters pot for cooking rice 1 and wash rice and adding water and to cook the use of the cooking.Priming apparatus to be made up of with water jet 27 entering water electromagnetic valve, water sensor 51, flexible pipe and to be connected successively.Priming apparatus is located at the clear position of support 10.Running water is flowed through entering water electromagnetic valve, water sensor by water inlet pipe, is flow to the water jet 27 be connected on travel(l)ing rest 8 finally by flexible pipe, flows into pot for cooking rice.The operation that adds water controls pot for cooking rice tilting device by microcomputer follow procedure makes pot for cooking rice rotate, and the water inlet 24 on pot cover aligns water jet 27, and entering water electromagnetic valve is energized and makes jet water stream enter pot for cooking rice to complete and add water.
With rice, control pot for cooking rice tilting device with rice operation by micro computer follow procedure and rotate pot for cooking rice, the water inlet 24 on pot cover aligns chews 26 into rice, then opens Electrically operated gate 32 and make rice flow into pot for cooking rice.
Rice-washing device structure, comprises pot for cooking rice tilting device 12, back shaft 13, pot for cooking rice 1, pot cover 2, opener-closer for door, topples over motor driver and microcomputer control system.When washing meter operation and carrying out, the opening portion of pot cover 2 fastening pot for cooking rice 1.A meter control program is washed in microcomputer.Microcomputer performs and washes a meter control program, pot for cooking rice 1 opening portion is forwarded to top, in pot for cooking rice 1, inject a small amount of water soaks rice to being just easy to flowing, then microcomputer starts pot for cooking rice tilting device 12 turn back shaft 13 and drives pot for cooking rice 1 to do to be less than 300 degree of positive and negative rotations to carry out washing rice, the selection of speed washing rice with 20 revs/min go to 200 revs/min turn between.Suitable rotating speed and the rotating of the anglec of rotation make the grain of rice produce shake of jolting in pot for cooking rice, and moistening rice makes tumbling motion in pot.Through repeatedly repeatedly positive and negative rotation by rice wash clean.
Cook, shown in Fig. 2, pot for cooking rice 1 opening portion is rotated upwards to initial point (top dead centre) by pot for cooking rice tilting device, and film gate 6 is rectangle (film gate 6 can cover water inlet and delivery port simultaneously).Film gate 6 is driven telescopic head 5 to push by electric expansion machine 4 and overlays on the delivery port 7 and water inlet 24 of pot cover 2, and steam orifice 15 aligns delivery port 7, and water inlet 24 is closed, and boiled water steam when cooking of cooking is discharged outside pot by steam orifice 15 by delivery port 7.
As shown in Figure 7, for the electric control system block diagram of first embodiment of the invention, heat sensor 20, water sensor 51, pot for cooking rice position sensor 52, topple over motor rotations sensor 53 and be connected with the input interface of microcomputer (CPU) 56 respectively with input keyboard 54, do signals collecting input.Display 55 makes human-computer exchange information displaying.Topple over motor driver 41, entering water electromagnetic valve driver 42, electric heater driver 43, open the door and close gate driver 44, Electrically operated gate one driver 45 and be connected with the output interface of microcomputer CPU.56 respectively with Electrically operated gate two driver 46; Topple over motor driver 41 to be connected with the motor of toppling over of pot for cooking rice tilting device; Entering water electromagnetic valve driver 42 is connected with entering water electromagnetic valve; Electric heater driver 43 is connected with electric heater by dynamic coupling electrical equipment; The pass gate driver 44 that opens the door is connected with the electric expansion machine of opener-closer for door; Electrically operated gate one driver 45 is connected with Electrically operated gate one electric expansion machine; Electrically operated gate two driver 46 is connected with Electrically operated gate two electric expansion machine.
In microcomputer with rice, add water, wash rice, the control programs such as time are cooked in cook (cooking), insulation and reservation, these control programs to write with existing control program by the process of structure described in description of the present invention and operation to form.
The use operation of first embodiment of the invention and running thereof:
First, rice storehouse has rice; (water source) city running water connected by water inlet pipe.Pot cover 2 and pot for cooking rice 1 are fastened, travel(l)ing rest 8 fastens with support 10, switch on power, namely rice cooker enters (Fig. 2) state that automatically resets: initial point is got back in pot for cooking rice opening portion, and electric expansion machine telescopic head 5 declines, and makes film gate 6 pairs of water inlets 24 and delivery port 7 be in closure state.Key in the setting such as rice amount or subscription time of cooking at input keyboard 54, then press start button, namely rice cooker enters running status.
Add a meter process: subscription time is not when time is up (if established subscription time, to cook program with rice by namely starting after start button) Microcomputer control electric expansion machine 4 telescopic head 5 does to rise action, film gate 6 is driven to rise, rise to upper limit anchor point (to rise to the stroke end and make anchor point, the method had a power failure behind location is that microcomputer limiting time is energized and rises to electric expansion machine 4, namely energising is stopped to electric expansion machine 4) after telescopic head upward stroke is at the end, open water inlet 24 and delivery port 7, microcomputer starts its Power output of pot for cooking rice tilting device and drives pot for cooking rice 1 and pot cover 2 to rotate clockwise together by back shaft 13, chew after 26 and stop operating that (why pot for cooking rice can forward required diverse location to stops into rice when water inlet 24 aligns, that microcomputer passes through to export location initial point signal with pot for cooking rice position sensor, the angle of umber of pulse for rotating according to control pot for cooking rice is exported) to topple over motor rotations sensor, now start the Electrically operated gate amount rice of rice measuring jar 35, first microcomputer is energized the rice inlet 29 opened to Electrically operated gate 1 on rice measuring jar 35, rice enters from rice inlet 29, through a set time, rice is enough to be full of rice measuring jar, microcomputer makes Electrically operated gate one close rice inlet afterwards, Electrically operated gate 2 32 is made again to open lower port rice output outlet 34, then again through a set time, this time chien shih rice be enough to discharge rice from rice measuring jar 35, complete a secondary amounts rice like this.Rice flows out from rice measuring jar 35 chews 26 inflow pots for cooking rice 1 to the conveyance conduit of rice to entering rice through rice output outlet 34, with the capacity of rice measuring jar 1 unit as rice-discharging amount of cooking, such as the volume of rice measuring jar 35 being made capacity is 0.1 liter of rice, so rice flow into rice measuring jar from storage rice tank and fills it up with the rice rice measuring jar to discharge and flow into pot for cooking rice and be once 0.1 liter, this process is claimed to be a secondary amounts rice, carry out amount rice repeatedly, different amount of rices can be obtained.The rice amount that keyboard inputs is exactly the above-mentioned number of times adding meter process.The rice amount (adding a meter number of times) of microcomputer keypad input completes amount of rice input.Meter Lu Zhong before rice inlet 29 also has level sensor judge rice road whether to have rice.
Add washing rice process: add after meter Cheng Xu executes, electric machine rotation toppled over by Microcomputer control pot for cooking rice makes the water inlet 24 of pot cover align water jet 27 (shown in Fig. 3), open entering water electromagnetic valve, clear water flows to water jet 27 by magnetic valve to water sensor and flexible pipe, to pot for cooking rice 1 water filling, microcomputer is calculated according to rice gauge and is washed a meter water consumption (water consumption corresponding to rice amount original oneself through stored in microcomputer), the water yield that umber of pulse controls to add pot for cooking rice is exported by water sensor, washing rice first time adds water and makes that rice is moistening mobility, drive pot for cooking rice from initial point by toppling over motor, with the control that rotated by tachometer generator output revolutions, about be less than the positive and negative rotation of 300 degree, water rice mixture is jolted shake in pot, produce between the grain of rice or between the grain of rice and pot wall and rub, to reach the effect being separated the dirts such as rice bran.Topple over motor to wash rice shake of jolting and run after certain hour, pot for cooking rice opening portion is made to get back to initial point, then rotate counterclockwise pot for cooking rice to do to topple over rice washing water motion, now delivery port 7 is rotated to close to lower dead center, allow rice washing water discharge from delivery port 7, collected by hyponome 16 and receive pipeline discharge by drainpipe 19 again, air enters pot for cooking rice from water inlet 24 and supplements space, after drained rice washing water, initial point is got back to again in pot for cooking rice opening portion, prepares second time and washes meter Jia Shui.Above-mentioned add water and wash meter process under Microcomputer control, carry out (2-3 time) repeatedly so that cleaned by rice.After once wash the amount of water more than 2 times of rice fully to wash away dirt.
Add water the process of cooking: wash after meter Cheng Xu executes, pot for cooking rice gets back to initial point again, the electric machine rotation of toppling over of Microcomputer control pot for cooking rice tilting device makes the water inlet 24 of pot cover align water jet 27, open entering water electromagnetic valve, clear water flows to water jet 27 by magnetic valve to water sensor and flexible pipe, to pot for cooking rice 1 water filling, microcomputer to go out to cook water consumption according to the rice gauge keyed in from keyboard, add certain meter Shui Liang (being claimed to swing meter Shui by the rice the being bonded at pot wall water swung in lower water) that swings again and enter pot for cooking rice, control pot for cooking rice afterwards to exhaust positive and negative rotation, the amplitude turned diminishes gradually, last pot for cooking rice return (initial point), like this rice be bonded on pot for cooking rice wall is swung in lower water, then treat without proper respect to pour out and swing meter Shui (poured out by the angular dimension controlling pot for cooking rice and swing meter Shui Liang), and then swing by a small margin lower after once swing owing to pouring out the rice that meter Shui is bonded at pot wall on one side, pot for cooking rice opening portion Aligning control again, delivery port 7 is made to align steam orifice 15, then telescopic head 5 decline of electric expansion machine 4 makes film gate 6 be close on pot cover, water inlet 24 is closed, steam orifice 15 communicates with delivery port 7, microcomputer is cooked to electric heater 18 and heat sensor 20 electrified regulation by flexible wire dynamic coupler, microcomputer gathers the output temperature signal of heat sensor, when being heated to the ripe temperature of water cooked rice about 103 degree, stop the power supply of cooking of electric heater, enter keeping warm mode, wait for dining.Travel(l)ing rest 8 and pot cover 2 is outwards opened when taking out food.
Shown in Fig. 6, the second embodiment of the present invention, the structure of pot for cooking rice and back shaft: on Fig. 1 architecture basics, increases pot 39 in a split in pot for cooking rice 1, interior pot 39 for the foodstuff that prestores, wash rice and cook, pot cover 2 covers on the opening portion of interior pot 39, and pot for cooking rice 1 is used as pot 39 in supporting, for making pot for cooking rice more stable, the pot body both sides of pot for cooking rice 1 are provided with two back shafts, back shaft 13 and back shaft 2 23, and increase bearing 21, pot for cooking rice 1 is connected with one end of back shaft 13 and back shaft 2 23 respectively.These two axles are roughly concentric.The both sides of interior pot 39 opening portion slightly lower position symmetry are provided with two snap closes 40, when interior pot 39 being put into pot for cooking rice 1 and entering to put in place, interior pot 39 by automatic locking fastening on pot for cooking rice 1, can do after fastening topple over or wash meter Yun Dong, the padlock that two snap closes 40 remove its internal pot 39 is with the hands taken the photograph when taking out pot in dining or cleaning, can bring out interior pot easily from pot for cooking rice 1, convenient dining and cleaning use.
Shown in Fig. 8, the third embodiment of the present invention, the structure of pot for cooking rice tilting device and pot for cooking rice supported hole: on the pot body side of pot for cooking rice 1, be provided with supported hole 57 and screw rod 58, the supported hole identical with screw rod 58 with supported hole 57 and screw rod is provided with at the opposite side of pot for cooking rice 1, the nut of two screw rods 58 is connected on support, and by regulating two screw rods 58 to move in two supported holes 57 of pot for cooking rice 1, pushing into cooperation position can pot for cooking rice 1 supporting & stablizing; Clutch end pinion 59 and the gear wheel 60 of engine 12B are in transmission connection, engine 12B body is connected with support, gear wheel 60 is fixedly connected with pot for cooking rice 1, and microcomputer energising starts engine 12B and drives gear wheel 60 that pot for cooking rice 1 can be made to do topple over rice washing water or wash meter Yun Dong by pinion 59.Gear drive is the kind of drive such as interchangeable chaining also.
Shown in Fig. 9, the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the structure of pot for cooking rice tilting device: pot for cooking rice 1 is supported on support by back shaft 13, back shaft 13 is connected with support by bearing, fulcrum shaft 61 is fixed on the cylindrical shell of pot for cooking rice 1, and have certain distance apart from back shaft 13, this distance is about as much as the length of rocking arm 64, the Power output of engine 12B is connected with rocking arm 64, rocking arm 64 is connected with fulcrum shaft 63, the body of engine 12B is connected with support, microcomputer energising starts engine 12, its output shaft band rocking arm 64 (such as) rotates clockwise, rocking arm 64 shakes connected connecting rod 62 by fulcrum shaft 63, connecting rod 62 pulls connected fulcrum shaft 61, pot for cooking rice 1 is rotated around back shaft 13, direction, clockwise direction underground, pot for cooking rice opening portion is done to topple over rice washing water motion, this structure can do to topple over rice washing water motion, can do rotating repeatedly and wash rice, also separately can design agitator or leaf dasher device for washing rice carries out washing rice.
Shown in Figure 10, the fifth embodiment of the present invention, rice metering device is Weighing device: be made up of LOAD CELLS 77 and Electrically operated gate 32.Rice storehouse 72 connects LOAD CELLS 77, and LOAD CELLS 77 connects supporting 75, and Electrically operated gate 32 is located at the rice exit of rice storehouse funnel, and LOAD CELLS 77 bears the weight of Electrically operated gate 32, rice storehouse and rice; Rice output outlet 34 is vertically aligned with the rice outlet of rice storehouse funnel, is not in contact with each other, in order to avoid impact claims rice accuracy.Also the outlet of rice storehouse rice and (middle flexibility pipe be connected impact also can be avoided to weigh accuracy) between rice output outlet 34 can be connected to flexibility pipe.The gross weight exported with the LOAD CELLS 77 before rice is deducted gross weight that the LOAD CELLS after with rice 77 exports and namely obtains rice from the rice nt wt net weight entering pot for cooking rice after rice storehouse flows out by microcomputer.Add a meter process: microcomputer compares according to the rice amount that the cooking rice amount keyed in from keyboard and LOAD CELLS export and processes and control, and draws the rice amount adding pot for cooking rice.In addition, LOAD CELLS 77 also can be divided into multiple LOAD CELLS many places supporting rice storehouse, and output weight equals each LOAD CELLS output weight sum.This metering device connects rice storehouse, and form and add a meter device, its rice output outlet 34 connects chews 26 formation rice cookers into rice, also can connect and compose rice cooker with the rice conveying device of dynamic machine, to increase the installation adaptability of this device.
Shown in Figure 11, the sixth embodiment of the present invention, rice conveying device is the structure that air pressure send meter device, comprises high pressure air pump 61 and rice valve 60.Rice flows into rice valve 60 from rice-entering port 79, and the air pressure outlet of high pressure air pump 61 is connected with rice valve 60 air inlet, and the output of rice has rice to export 59.Microcomputer energising high pressure air pump 61 exports high pressure gas, in the process sending rice, high pressure air pump 61 send the air of certain pressure to rice valve 60, have certain negative pressure when nozzle 76 sprays around it, rice enters meter valve spray rice and chews 76 and to mix with compressed air and blow to rice from rice valve and export 59 and be transported to next stage under gravity and negative pressure; The flow of rice is controlled by the mouth size of rice-entering port 79, and rice-entering port 79 makes suitable size, to make the flowing of rice smooth and easy.Meter Lu Zhong before this device can being connected to meter volume metering mechanism or after rice metering device.Such as: the rice output outlet 34 adding meter device connects rice-entering port 79, rice outlet 59 connects and chews 26 into rice.
Shown in Figure 12, the seventh embodiment of the present invention, rice conveying device is that screw rod send a meter apparatus structure: screw rod 63, housing 64 that screw conveying device comprises rice-entering port 79, is with decelerator motor 65, is connected with band decelerator motor 65 clutch end, and rice-entering port 79 is positioned at band decelerator motor 65 side.Energising drives screw rod 63 to band decelerator motor 65, the rice entered is pushed to rice outlet 59 from rice-entering port 79.Meter Lu Zhong before this device can being connected to meter volume metering mechanism or after rice metering device.
Shown in Figure 13, the eighth embodiment of the present invention, rice conveying device is that elevator bucket send a meter device, its structure is, rice-entering port 79 is positioned at below, and electronic driving wheel 74 forms drive circuit by driving-belt 73 and follower 69, rice bucket 71 is uniformly distributed and is connected on driving-belt 73, housing 68.Energising makes driving-belt with A to running to driven by motor driving wheel 74, the rice entered is delivered to the rice outlet 59 of top from rice-entering port 79 by rice bucket 71.In addition, change the driving-belt band shape in the present embodiment device into strip, meter Dou changes into and is comparable to plane tabular, strip driving-belt is from about centre of surface plate through forming conveyer chain, and driving wheel and follower are equipped with shell again by the driving wheel of traditional dragon-bone water lift and follower structure also can make rice conveying device of the present invention.Meter Lu Zhong before this device can being connected to meter volume metering mechanism or after rice metering device.
Shown in Figure 14, the ninth embodiment of the present invention, pot cover capping is provided with the structure that slip film gate and support are provided with opener-closer for door: after film gate is arranged at pot cover, film gate closing cap mouth, pot for cooking rice is done to rotate at any angle more than 360 degree to wash rice, and meter Bu Hui throws away from pot for cooking rice.On the architecture basics of Fig. 2, the surface of pot cover 2 there are film gate 6 and film gate 6a, film gate are connected to respectively handle 82 and 83, two film gate common guide rails 84, each one on film gate both sides, guide rail; Support 10 is provided with opener-closer for door, and opener-closer for door has conehead 85 by electric expansion machine 4, telescopic head 5, telescopic head 5, and conehead bottom forms by boring neck 86; In the middle of telescopic head 5, the row's of having steam port 15, enters rice and chews the left side that 26 are positioned at electric expansion machine 4, and it and water jet 27 are located on support; Enter that rice chews 26, water jet 27 is established over the mount 10, add meter device to be connected with entering direct that rice chews 26, add meter device can be directly arranged in directly over pot for cooking rice, the opening portion of support is driveed in side, travel(l)ing rest is located at the side of support with the opening of support, with the opening of sealed support, if when specialty cook place do not affect safe, also can save travel(l)ing rest; Interior pot can (horizontal direction) bring out from the side.Also be provided with quick manual snap close between interior pot 39 and pot for cooking rice 1 to connect, interior pot is brought out conveniently.
The enabling of water inlet and add a meter process: pot for cooking rice rotates clockwise, handle 83 is made to be positioned at the neighbouring stopping in the right of conehead 85, then microcomputer startup electric expansion machine 4 makes telescopic head 5 decline, namely conehead 85 declines together with cone neck 86, be down to when cone neck 86 and stir position, as shown in figure 14 (cone neck 86 be down to the position exceeded on the downside of handle top to handle claim to stir position) at this moment electric expansion machine 4 contacted lifting position sensor (position sensor figure is not shown) cone neck 86 and stop declining, then microcomputer makes pot for cooking rice 1 rotate counterclockwise, due to shake hands 83 by cone neck 86 blocked, thus film gate 6a is stirred by slip and removes to the right (enabling) on pot cover, water inlet 24 is opened, pot for cooking rice stops afterwards, cone neck 86 rises again (the stroke end) return, microcomputer continues to make again pot for cooking rice 1 rotate counterclockwise, until water inlet 24 aligns chew 26 just stoppings into rice, at this moment microcomputer starts rice metering device and rice conveying device and send rice to chew 26 flow path water inlets 24 enter pot for cooking rice 1 to entering rice, complete with rice.
Water inlet is closed the door: pot for cooking rice 1 rotates counterclockwise and is positioned at the conehead left side (below use arrows microcomputer operating sequence) → cone neck 86 to handle 83 and drops to and stir position → pot for cooking rice 1 and rotate clockwise, and film gate 6a is stirred by slip and water inlet 24 closed (closing the door) → cone neck 86 left and to rise return.The enabling of delivery port 7 course of action of closing the door can be derived according to open the door course of action of closing the door of water inlet 24 and goes out.Cook: after delivery port 7 is closed, by the state that water inlet 24 is opened, microcomputer makes pot for cooking rice 1 Aligning control, the origin position water inlet 24 of pot for cooking rice 1 aligns the center of conehead, at this moment microcomputer startup electric expansion machine 4 makes conehead 85 decline, and because the large end of conehead 85 is larger than water inlet 24, the small end of conehead 85 is less than water inlet 24, therefore conehead 85 taper contact water inlet and water inlet is closed, the steam of cooking is discharged pot for cooking rice from the centre bore (steam port) 87 of conehead 85.Again water inlet is closed after meal has boiled.
The present embodiment electric control system output current both can control the rotating repeatedly that pot for cooking rice tilting device drives pot for cooking rice to do to be less than 360 degree and wash rice, also can do to wash rice more than 360 rotations, do rotation more than 360 degree when to wash meter, the power supply of heating element (dish) changes into and dynamicly contacts dynamic coupling electric power supply.Or cook to pot for cooking rice heat supply with the heating element clutch of disengaging type.In addition, if travel(l)ing rest is arranged at the top of pot for cooking rice by the present embodiment, opener-closer for door, enter that rice chews 26, water jet 27 also can be connected on travel(l)ing rest.
Shown in Figure 16, film gate on tenth embodiment of the present invention pot cover is the half section structure chart of revolving door, Figure 17 is the top view of Figure 16,2, pot cover there is film gate 6 for circular, the outer circumferential edge of film gate 6 there is guide rail 84 surround, the centre of film gate is connected with axle 90, film gate has opening 94 and 96, also has pin 93; Opener-closer for door forms by being with decelerator motor 91 and rocking arm 92; Enter rice and chew 26, water jet 27, exhaust steam valve 95.Opener-closer for door, enter that rice chews 26, water jet 27 is connected with support.Door opening process: microcomputer starts pot for cooking rice return initial point makes pot cover 2 times forward, band decelerator motor 91 rotates counterclockwise; rocking arm 92 stirs pin 93 makes film gate 6 turn clockwise; when the opening 94 and 96 on film gate aligns water inlet 24 and delivery port 7 respectively; film gate is opened; the stall of band decelerator motor 91, is then with the reversion of decelerator motor 91 to make rocking arm 92 return, opens the door and terminate.At closing time, be reducing motor 91 Umklapp process.With rice and the counterpart process reference embodiment one added water, no longer describe at this.Steam when cooking is discharged by exhaust steam valve 95.Simultaneously the rotary steering of the present embodiment film gate uses guide rail and axle, or the alone guide rail 84 of the rotary steering of the present embodiment film gate, and film gate is connected with guide rail; Or the alone axle 90 of the rotary steering of film gate, film gate is connected with axle 90.
The present embodiment electric control system output current both can control the rotating repeatedly that pot for cooking rice tilting device drives pot for cooking rice to do to be less than 360 degree and wash rice, also can do to wash rice more than 360 rotations, do rotation more than 360 degree when to wash meter, the power supply of heating element (dish) changes into and dynamicly contacts dynamic coupling electric power supply.Or cook to pot for cooking rice heat supply with the heating element clutch of disengaging type.In addition, if travel(l)ing rest is positioned at the top of pot for cooking rice, the opener-closer for door of the present embodiment, enter that rice chews 26, water jet 27 also can be connected on travel(l)ing rest.
Shown in Figure 20, the 11st embodiment of the present invention, the dynamic coupling electrical structure figure of the dynamic contact of radial mode, is made up of electromagnet 108, wire 107, dead ring 106, movable contact 105, fixed contact 104, electroconductive elastic sheet 103 and support 102.Also magnet driver is increased in electric control system.Pot for cooking rice back shaft 13 is made hollow, prop up palm axle 13 external diameter at pot for cooking rice and be inserted in dead ring 106, the power lead 107 (high temperature insulated wire) of electric heater 18 is received on movable contact 105 along pot for cooking rice outer surface through the extraction of back shaft 13 endoporus, external power is connected to electroconductive elastic sheet 103 to fixed contact 104, when washing meter state or electromagnet 108 no power when toppling over rice washing water state, electroconductive elastic sheet 103 is under flexible effect, and fixed contact 104 is separated with movable contact 105, also non-conductive without friction mutually; When stewing meal cooking operation, pot for cooking rice 2 has been stopped at the position of fixed origin, fixed contact 104 is in movable contact 105 position aligned mutually, at this moment microcomputer is energized to electromagnet 108 by magnet driver, electroconductive elastic sheet 103 (with iron plate) is by adhesive, fixed contact 104 contacts with movable contact 105 and is energized, and electric hot tray obtains electric energy and heats pot for cooking rice.The dynamic coupling electrical equipment of dynamic contact of fixed and moving contact a pair is only shown in Figure 20; Comprise the wire of heat sensor, the multipair contact of practical application, the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of dynamic contact of multipair contact can be increased at axial direction.In addition, movable contact 105 being made into annular (conducting slip ring) is enclosed within insulation, fixed contact 104 brush material, after replacing electromagnet 108 with extension spring, become electric brush slip ring power device, this also start can contact dynamic coupling electrical equipment with (being called brush dynamic coupler).
Shown in Figure 21, the dynamic coupling electrical structure figure of the dynamic contact of 12nd embodiment of the present invention axialmode, the structure fabrication of Figure 20 is become axialmode, the insulated substrate of one piece of plane arranges movable contact 105 (or circularizing) all the other member functions identical with Figure 20.
Shown in Figure 22,13rd embodiment of the present invention electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine: telescopic head 5, motor 117, gear 116, gear enters nut 110, screw mandrel 118.
Shown in Figure 23,14th embodiment of the present invention electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine: telescopic head 5, motor 117, gear 116, tooth bar 127.
Shown in Figure 24,15th embodiment of the present invention electric gear rocker telescopic machine: telescopic head 5, motor 117, gear drive group 111, rocking arm 124, conehead 85, cone neck 86.Steam port 15
Shown in Figure 25,16th embodiment of the present invention Electric nut screw mandrel telescopic machine: telescopic head 5, motor 117, screw mandrel 118.
Shown in Figure 26, the 17th embodiment of the present invention electronic worm and gear screw mandrel telescopic machine: telescopic head 5, motor 117, worm screw 113, worm gear 119, screw mandrel 118.

Claims (19)

1. a rice cooker, comprises and adds a meter device, support, pot cover, pot for cooking rice, pot for cooking rice tilting device, priming apparatus, heater and electric control system formation;
The described meter device that adds comprises rice storehouse and rice metering device; Described support, as bearing support, support is also connected with travel(l)ing rest, and travel(l)ing rest is for opening and closing the opening portion on support; Described pot for cooking rice tilting device is connected between pot for cooking rice and support or by pot for cooking rice support and connection between pot for cooking rice and support, for driving pot for cooking rice, makes pot for cooking rice opening portion namely be along gravity direction rotary dumping to direction, underground; Described pot for cooking rice supports and is connected with pot for cooking rice, does rotary dumping motion for supporting pot for cooking rice; Described pot cover, is connected with pot for cooking rice opening portion, for opening and closing pot for cooking rice door opening portion; Described priming apparatus comprises the water jet that flowing water enters pot for cooking rice; It is characterized in that:
Described pot cover, pot cover has the lid mouth of more than 1, enters rice, water inlet, water outlet and go out steam for pot for cooking rice;
Described rice cooker also has film gate and opener-closer for door; Described film gate is for opening and closing the lid mouth on pot cover; Described opener-closer for door is for driving described film gate;
What described rice cooker also comprised that stream rice enters pot for cooking rice enters meter Zui;
Described heater has dynamic coupling electrical equipment or has electric heater clutch.
2. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film gate is located on pot cover, and film gate is connected with pot cover by door guider; Described door guider is guide rail or axle; Described opener-closer for door is connected on support or is connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described opener-closer for door is made up of engine and mechanical driving device; Engine is connected with mechanical driving device.
3. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film gate is located on pot cover, and film gate is connected with pot cover by door guider; Described door guider is guide rail or axle; Pot cover is provided with spring, and spring is connected between pot cover and film gate, for automatic door-closing; Described opener-closer for door is connected on support or is connected on travel(l)ing rest.
4. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film gate is located on pot cover, and this film gate is sliding door, and film gate is connected with guide rail; Described opener-closer for door, enter rice and chew and be connected on support with water jet or be connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described opener-closer for door comprises electric expansion machine, conehead and cone neck and forms; Conehead is connected with the telescopic head of electric expansion machine; Any one telescopic machine following selected by described electric expansion machine: the mechanical, electrical dynamic nut-screw rod telescopic machine of electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine, electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine, electric gear rocker telescopic or electronic worm and wormwheel screw mandrel telescopic machine.
5. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film gate is connected on opener-closer for door, opener-closer for door, enters rice and chews and be connected on travel(l)ing rest with water jet; Described opener-closer for door is become by electric expansion mechanism, and described film gate is located on the telescopic head of electric expansion machine, and film gate is connected with the telescopic head of electric expansion machine; Any one telescopic machine following selected by described electric expansion machine: the mechanical, electrical dynamic nut-screw rod telescopic machine of electric gear nut-screw rod telescopic machine, electric gear tooth bar telescopic machine, electric gear rocker telescopic or electronic worm and wormwheel screw mandrel telescopic machine.
6. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film gate is located on pot cover, and this film gate is revolving door, and film gate to be connected with pot cover by guide rail or pot cover has axle, and this film gate is connected with pot cover by axle; Described opener-closer for door, enter rice and chew and be connected on support with water jet or be connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described opener-closer for door comprises band decelerator motor and rocking arm is formed.
7. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film gate is located on pot cover, and film gate is connected with pot cover by door guider; Described door guider is guide rail or axle; Described opener-closer for door is connected on support or is connected on travel(l)ing rest; Described electric control system output current controls pot for cooking rice tilting device and drives pot for cooking rice to do to rotate more than 360 degree and wash rice or described electric control system output current and control pot for cooking rice tilting device and drive pot for cooking rice to do repeatedly not turning round of positive and negative rotation to wash rice.
8. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rice metering device is a meter volume metering mechanism, this device be connected to rice storehouse to enter rice chew between meter Lu Zhong; Rice volume metering mechanism comprises rice measuring jar, is connected to the Electrically operated gate at rice measuring jar rice inlet place and is connected to the Electrically operated gate at rice measuring jar rice output outlet place; The Electrically operated gate at rice inlet place is for opening and closing rice inlet; The Electrically operated gate at rice output outlet place, for opening and closing rice output outlet.
9. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rice metering device is Weighing device; Weighing device comprises LOAD CELLS and Electrically operated gate; LOAD CELLS is connected with rice storehouse, and supporting is connected with LOAD CELLS, and rice storehouse rice exit connects Electrically operated gate, and this Electrically operated gate is for opening and closing the rice outlet of rice storehouse.
10. rice cooker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pot for cooking rice tilting device is transmission device, is made up of engine and mechanical driving device; Described engine is motor, hydraulic press or aerostatic press; Engine is connected with mechanical driving device.
11. rice cookers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pot for cooking rice tilting device is made up of motor and variable transmission mechanism, and motor is connected with variable transmission mechanism.
12. rice cookers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: it is back shaft or supported hole that described pot for cooking rice supports; The supporting construction of described back shaft selects structure one kind of as follows: structure one is, upwards, arrange a back shaft at a side position of pot for cooking rice body facing to pot for cooking rice body, one end of axle is connected with pot for cooking rice in pot for cooking rice opening portion, the other end of axle does supporting position, and the direction of axle is horizontal direction; Structure two is, upwards, two side positions on pot for cooking rice body arrange two back shafts facing to pot for cooking rice body in pot for cooking rice opening portion, article two, back shaft concentric, article two, back shaft respectively has one end to be connected with pot for cooking rice, and two each other ends of back shaft do supporting position, and the direction of axle is horizontal direction.
13. rice cookers according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pot for cooking rice, it is the container of an individual layer, for the foodstuff that prestores, wash rice and cook or add pot in a split at pot for cooking rice inner chamber, pot for cooking rice carries interior pot, with interior pot replace pot for cooking rice prestore foodstuff, wash rice, cook, interior pot can take out separately, pot cover becomes for opening and closing interior pot, and pot for cooking rice supports and pot for cooking rice controls still to be located on pot for cooking rice.
14. rice cookers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described support is connected with hyponome, and it is positioned at the below of pot for cooking rice, for collecting the liquid that pot for cooking rice pours out.
15. rice cookers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described electric heater clutch is made up of electric heater and telescoping mechanism; Telescoping mechanism is connected with support, and electric heater is connected with telescoping mechanism; Telescoping mechanism is by microcomputer drived control, and when heating to pot for cooking rice, telescoping mechanism is stretched out, and make electric heater engage pot for cooking rice and heat, when not heating, telescoping mechanism is retracted, and electric heater is separated with pot for cooking rice, and pot for cooking rice can be rotated.
16. rice cookers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dynamic coupling electrical equipment is to contact dynamic coupling electrical equipment, is fixedly connected between pot for cooking rice and support or by pot for cooking rice support and connection between pot for cooking rice and support, for the electrical equipment conduct electricity on pot for cooking rice; Described dynamic contact dynamic coupling electrical equipment is that the radial mode dynamic coupling electrical equipment of dynamic contact or axialmode move the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of contact or the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of brush.
17. rice cookers according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic coupling electrical equipment is the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of flexible wire, be fixedly connected between pot for cooking rice and support or by pot for cooking rice support and connection between pot for cooking rice and support, for the electrical equipment conduct electricity on pot for cooking rice; Described flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical equipment is cylindrical screw shape flexible wire dynamic coupling electrical equipment or the dynamic coupling electrical equipment of planar spiral flexible wire.
18. rice cookers according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in add meter device and be connected with support or place with support split.
19. rice cookers according to claim arbitrary in claim 1 to 18, is characterized in that: described in add the rice conveying device that meter device also includes engine, the meter Lu Zhong before this device is connected to meter volume metering mechanism or after rice metering device;
The rice conveying device of described dynamic machine is that air pressure send a meter device; Air pressure send a meter device to comprise high pressure air pump and rice valve, and the air pressure outlet of high pressure air pump is connected with rice valve air inlet, and rice-entering port and rice outlet are located on meter valve,
Or the rice conveying device of described dynamic machine is that screw rod send a meter device; Described screw rod send meter device to comprise the housing of band decelerator motor, the screw rod be connected with band decelerator motor output end and screw rod periphery, and rice-entering port is positioned at the front end of screw rod transmission, and the rice entered from rice-entering port delivers to rice outlet through screw rod,
Or the rice conveying device of described dynamic machine is that elevator bucket send a meter device; Elevator bucket send a meter device to comprise electronic driving wheel, follower, housing and driving-belt; Driving wheel forms drive circuit by driving-belt and follower, described driving-belt is provided with at least more than one meter Dou; The rice that rice-entering port enters transfers to rice outlet through driving-belt and meter Dou.
CN201420573830.9U 2013-09-07 2014-08-30 A kind of rice cooker CN204091677U (en)

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CN 201310422676 CN103462485A (en) 2013-09-07 2013-09-07 Rice cooking device
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CN201420573830.9U CN204091677U (en) 2013-09-07 2014-08-30 A kind of rice cooker

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104305857A (en) * 2013-10-05 2015-01-28 李增成 Automatic electric cooker rice blocking cover
CN107468045A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-15 九阳股份有限公司 A kind of electric cooking apparatus and the method for clearing up wherein residual rice
CN107960839A (en) * 2016-10-20 2018-04-27 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司 Cooking apparatus, flow control methods and volume control device
CN110960062A (en) * 2018-09-28 2020-04-07 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司 Cooking utensil and power coupler, ultrasonic vibrator subassembly, pot cover thereof

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104473561B (en) * 2015-01-09 2016-06-08 刘晓波 A kind of electric cooker
CN104665569A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-03 周惠俊 Remote and intelligent control electric cooker
CN106419507B (en) * 2016-12-01 2018-08-21 广州市三禾机械有限公司 A kind of air-cooled food stirring apparatus with the overturning function of falling meal
CN106618159A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-10 美的集团股份有限公司 Feeding control method, feeding control system and cooking apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104305857A (en) * 2013-10-05 2015-01-28 李增成 Automatic electric cooker rice blocking cover
CN107468045A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-15 九阳股份有限公司 A kind of electric cooking apparatus and the method for clearing up wherein residual rice
CN107468045B (en) * 2016-06-08 2020-01-31 九阳股份有限公司 electric cooking appliance and method for cleaning residual rice in rice feeding device thereof
CN107960839A (en) * 2016-10-20 2018-04-27 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司 Cooking apparatus, flow control methods and volume control device
CN110960062A (en) * 2018-09-28 2020-04-07 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司 Cooking utensil and power coupler, ultrasonic vibrator subassembly, pot cover thereof

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Effective date of registration: 20170706

Address after: 525100, Guangdong Province, Huazhou Jian River District Wang Shan fish long Village No. 102, 1 floor

Patentee after: Huazhou Zhan Zhan Electric Appliance Co., Ltd.

Address before: 524300, Suixi County, Guangdong Province, 58 town civilized street, Zhanjiang automobile steering machine factory

Patentee before: Li Zengcheng

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