CN204079693U - Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls - Google Patents

Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204079693U
CN204079693U CN201420272148.6U CN201420272148U CN204079693U CN 204079693 U CN204079693 U CN 204079693U CN 201420272148 U CN201420272148 U CN 201420272148U CN 204079693 U CN204079693 U CN 204079693U
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
flower
xenthophylls
extracts
aztec marigold
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420272148.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王媛媛
张衍林
李武
孟亮
李善军
樊启洲
邓在京
孟庆健
赵亮
朱驰昊
艾平
晏水平
周洪亮
翟红
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the comprehensive treatment equipment that a kind of Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, comprise be communicated with successively preliminary sedimentation tank, single filter pond, aerating system, second pond, anaerobic fermentation system, three heavy ponds, cascade filtration pond, decolouring pond and artificial wet land system, coal ash is filled with in described cascade filtration pond, be filled with gac in described decolouring pond, described artificial wet land system comprises the large gravel of bottom, interlayer powder coal ash and the superiors' loam.The utility model extracts the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls by several most of combined treatment Flower of Aztec Marigold of settling tank, filtering basin, aerating system, anaerobic fermentation system, decolouring pond and artificial swamp, there is cost low, economical rationality, consumes little, greatly can reduce Flower of Aztec Marigold and extracts the COD of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls and purify water, obtain biogas energy, in conjunction with artificial swamp Ecological Disposal, finally make wastewater to reach standard, beautify the environment, level of automation is high, reduces labor intensity.

Description

Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls
Technical field
The utility model relates to sewage disposal device, refers to that a kind of Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls particularly.
Background technology
Flower of Aztec Marigold is annual herb plant, containing abundant xenthophylls, is the desirable feedstock extracting pure natural yellow pigment.And xenthophylls is a kind of natural pigment be extensively present in vegetables, flowers, fruit and some algae bio, it can delay vision degeneration that the elderly causes because of macular degeneration and blind disease, and the cardiovascula arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease and the tumor disease that cause because of body aging.Meanwhile, xenthophylls is not only widely used in fodder additives and foodstuff additive field, and is more and more used to the research and development of functional health-care food and produces.
Flower of Aztec Marigold, before extraction xenthophylls, needs to carry out squeezing process to Flower of Aztec Marigold, squeeze out moisture wherein, then carry out follow-up extraction xenthophylls process, and in whole Flower of Aztec Marigold process, squeezing sewage is maximum and is extensively subject to the source of pollution of environmental administration's concern.
Flower of Aztec Marigold squeezing sewage acidity is high, and organic content is large, and its traditional processing mode directly enters soil and polluted underground water, or directly enter sewage work's purification.Along with cultivation and the industrial scale expansion of Flower of Aztec Marigold, the concern gradually causing society is rationally processed to Flower of Aztec Marigold squeezing sewage resource.But, owing to containing a large amount of recycling organic composition in Flower of Aztec Marigold squeezing sewage, be not effectively addressed because of direct purification, also do not occur its recycling processing method at present.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly to overcome the deficiency existing for prior art, provides a kind of Flower of Aztec Marigold to extract the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls.
For achieving the above object, Flower of Aztec Marigold designed by the utility model extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, comprise be communicated with successively from high to low preliminary sedimentation tank, single filter pond, aerating system, second pond, anaerobic fermentation system, three heavy ponds, cascade filtration pond, decolouring pond and artificial wet land system, coal ash is filled with in described cascade filtration pond, be filled with gac in described decolouring pond, described artificial wet land system comprises the large gravel of bottom, interlayer powder coal ash and the superiors' soil.
Further, described preliminary sedimentation tank, second pond and three bottoms sinking ponds are ° slope upwards extended horizontal by α=10 ~ 15, and described bottom ramp upper end is provided with rising pipe, and described rising pipe is higher than bottom ramp upper end 0 ~ 1m.
Further, described three heavy ponds are provided with sludge pump base sludge being sent into anaerobic fermentation system.
Further, the water side in described single filter pond and cascade filtration pond is apart from bottom level 0.1 ~ 1m.
Further, the water side in described single filter pond and cascade filtration pond and decolouring pond arranges grid, and described grid is coated with gauze.
Further, the aerobic activated sludge that described aerating system comprises aeration tank, is placed in the aerator above aeration tank and is placed in bottom aeration tank, the water outlet of described aeration tank is arranged in the middle of the sidewall of aeration tank.Aeration provides oxygen for aerobic microbiological in aerobic activated sludge, can absorb dissolubility pollutant in Sum decomposition Flower of Aztec Marigold squeezing sewage water, reach the effect purifying water and improve sewage pH, and be beneficial to anaerobically fermenting.
Further, described anaerobic fermentation system comprises closed pond body, be placed in the stirrer of Chi Tizhong and be positioned at the air bag at body top, pond, and the water outlet of described pond body is arranged in the middle of the body sidewall of pond.
Further, arrange heating unit in described decolouring pond, the side wall lower ends in described decolouring pond sets out the mouth of a river, and water outlet is apart from bottom level 0 ~ 0.5m.
Further, the particle diameter of the large gravel of described bottom is 20mm ~ 40mm, and thickness is 150mm ~ 200mm; The particle diameter of described interlayer powder coal ash is 2mm ~ 10mm, and thickness is 1300mm ~ 1500mm; The particle diameter of described the superiors loam is 5mm ~ 40mm, and thickness is 300mm ~ 1500mm.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the squeezing sewage being extracted xenthophylls by several most of combined treatment Flower of Aztec Marigold of settling tank, filtering basin, aerating system, anaerobic fermentation system, decolouring pond and artificial wet land system, greatly can reduce the COD of squeezing sewage and purify water, obtain biogas energy, in conjunction with artificial wet land system Ecological Disposal, finally make wastewater to reach standard, beautify the environment.Base area potential condition or artificially build, designs each pond body from high to low successively, makes each link of sewage disposal according to a upper link water outlet height, be connected to next link water-in successively, water outlet is flowed out naturally, saves energy consumption of drawing water.It is low that the utility model has cost, economical rationality, and consume little, level of automation is high, the feature reduced labor intensity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of preliminary sedimentation tank in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in single filter pond in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of aerating system in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of anaerobic fermentation system in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation in cascade filtration pond in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation in pond of decolouring in Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of artificial wet land system in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Flower of Aztec Marigold shown in Fig. 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, base area potential condition or artificially build, comprise from high to low be communicated with successively from high to low preliminary sedimentation tank 1, single filter pond 2, aerating system 3, second pond 4, the heavy pond 6 of anaerobic fermentation system 5, three, cascade filtration pond 7, decolouring pond 8 and artificial wet land system 9.Three heavy ponds 6 are provided with the sludge pump 6.1 base sludge being sent into anaerobic fermentation system.
As shown in Figure 2, preliminary sedimentation tank 1, second pond 4 are identical with the pond body structure in three heavy ponds 6, and bottom is ° slope upwards extended horizontal by α=15, and bottom ramp upper end is provided with rising pipe, and rising pipe is higher than bottom ramp upper end 0.5m.
As shown in Fig. 3,6, the water side in single filter pond 2 and cascade filtration pond 7 is apart from bottom level 0.5m.Coal ash 7.1 is filled with in cascade filtration pond 7 shown in Fig. 6.Be filled with gac 8.1 in decolouring pond 8 as shown in Figure 7, decolouring arranges heating unit 8.2 in pond 8, and the side wall lower ends in decolouring pond 8 sets out the mouth of a river, and water outlet is apart from bottom level 0.3m.Shown in Fig. 3,6,7, the water side in single filter pond 2 and cascade filtration pond 7 and decolouring pond 8 arranges grid 10, and described grid 10 is coated with gauze 11.
As shown in Figure 4, the aerobic activated sludge that aerating system 3 comprises aeration tank 3.1, is placed in the aerator 3.2 above aeration tank 3.1 and is placed in bottom aeration tank 3.1, the water outlet of aeration tank 3.1 is arranged in the middle of the sidewall of aeration tank 3.1.
As shown in Figure 5, anaerobic fermentation system 5 comprises closed pond body 5.1, be placed in the stirrer 5.2 of pond body 5.1 and be positioned at the air bag 5.3 at pond body 5.1 top, and the water outlet of pond body 5.1 is arranged in the middle of pond body 5.1 sidewall.
As shown in Figure 8, artificial wet land system 9 comprises the large gravel 9.1 of bottom, interlayer powder coal ash 9.2 and the superiors' soil 9.3.The particle diameter of the large gravel 9.1 of bottom is 20mm ~ 40mm, and thickness is 150mm ~ 200mm; The particle diameter of interlayer powder coal ash 9.2 is 2mm ~ 10mm, and thickness is 1300mm ~ 1500mm; The particle diameter of the superiors' loam 9.3 is 5mm ~ 40mm, and thickness is 300mm ~ 1500mm.
Working process of the present utility model:
The squeezing sewage that Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts xenthophylls enters preliminary sedimentation tank 1, natural sedimentation 6 ~ 12h, and flower mud is recycled; Upper liquid after precipitation is flowed out naturally by the rising pipe of preliminary sedimentation tank 1, enters single filter pond 2, filters out the mouth of a river through grid 10 and gauze 11; Upper liquid after filtration is flowed out naturally by the water outlet in single filter pond 2; Enter aerating system 3, aerobic activated sludge adding proportion is 30 ~ 50% of waste water total amount, and use aerator 3.2 continuous aeration after 8 ~ 10 days, upper liquid is flowed out naturally by the water outlet of aeration tank 3.1; Enter second pond 4, after natural sedimentation 6 ~ 12h, upper liquid is flowed out naturally by the rising pipe of second pond 4; Enter anaerobic fermentation system 5, anaerobic activated sludge adding proportion is 40 ~ 50% of total amount, anaerobic activated sludge is taken from bottom methane-generating pit or methane project pool body, use after removing macrobead foreign material, in the pond body 5.1 closed, use stirrer 5.2 to stir, anaerobically fermenting is after 8 ~ 15 days, and the biogas of generation is collected by air bag 5.3, and supernatant liquor is flowed out naturally by the water outlet of pond body 5.1; Enter three heavy ponds 6, after natural sedimentation 6 ~ 12h, at a large amount of mud of three heavy pond 6 bottom deposit, extracted out, squeeze into the pond body 5.1 of anaerobic fermentation system 5, recycle by sludge pump 6.1, upper liquid is flowed out naturally by the rising pipe in three heavy ponds 6, enters cascade filtration pond 7; After being filtered by coal ash 7.1, grid 10 and gauze 11, naturally flow out filtrate by the water outlet in cascade filtration pond 7, enter decolouring pond 8; Decolouring arranges Heating temperature 25 ~ 35 DEG C in pond 8, and filtrate, after activated carbon decolorizing process 3 ~ 8h, flows out clear liquid naturally by the water outlet in decolouring pond 8, enters artificial wet land system 9 finally storage and purifies water; Artificial wet land system 9 is according to process water yield setting area size, and planting aquatic plants in artificial wet land system 9, as reed, water bamboo shoot or Herba Clinopodii Polycephali.

Claims (9)

1. the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of a Flower of Aztec Marigold extraction xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: comprise the preliminary sedimentation tank (1) be communicated with successively from high to low, single filter pond (2), aerating system (3), second pond (4), anaerobic fermentation system (5), three heavy ponds (6), cascade filtration pond (7), decolouring pond (8) and artificial wet land system (9), coal ash (7.1) is filled with in described cascade filtration pond (7), gac (8.1) is filled with in described decolouring pond (8), described artificial wet land system (9) comprises the large gravel of bottom (9.1), interlayer powder coal ash (9.2) and the superiors' soil (9.3).
2. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: described preliminary sedimentation tank (1), second pond (4) and three bottoms sinking ponds (6) are ° slope upwards extended horizontal by α=10 ~ 15, described bottom ramp upper end is provided with rising pipe, and described rising pipe is higher than bottom ramp upper end 0 ~ 1m.
3. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: described three heavy ponds (6) are provided with the sludge pump (6.1) base sludge being sent into anaerobic fermentation system (5).
4. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: the water side of described single filter pond (2) and cascade filtration pond (7) is apart from bottom level 0.1 ~ 1m.
5. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: the water side of described single filter pond (2) and cascade filtration pond (7) and decolouring pond (8) arranges grid (10), described grid (10) is coated with gauze (11).
6. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: described aerating system (3) comprises aeration tank (3.1), is placed in the aerator (3.2) of top, aeration tank (3.1) and is placed in the aerobic activated sludge of bottom, aeration tank (3.1), and the water outlet of described aeration tank (3.1) is arranged in the middle of aeration tank (3.1) sidewall.
7. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: described anaerobic fermentation system (5) comprises closed pond body (5.1), be placed in the stirrer (5.2) of pond body (5.1) and be positioned at the air bag (5.3) at pond body (5.1) top, and the water outlet in described pond body (5.1) is arranged in the middle of pond body (5.1) sidewall.
8. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: in described decolouring pond (8), heating unit (8.2) is set, the side wall lower ends of described decolouring pond (8) sets out the mouth of a river, and water outlet is apart from bottom level 0 ~ 0.5m.
9. Flower of Aztec Marigold according to claim 1 extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls, it is characterized in that: the particle diameter of the large gravel of described bottom (9.1) is 20mm ~ 40mm, and thickness is 150mm ~ 200mm; The particle diameter of described interlayer powder coal ash (9.2) is 2mm ~ 10mm, and thickness is 1300mm ~ 1500mm; The particle diameter of described the superiors loam (9.3) is 5mm ~ 40mm, and thickness is 300mm ~ 1500mm.
CN201420272148.6U 2014-05-26 2014-05-26 Flower of Aztec Marigold extracts the comprehensive treatment equipment of the squeezing sewage of xenthophylls Expired - Fee Related CN204079693U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105236674A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-13 桂林市春晓环保科技有限公司 Waste water treatment system with biogas production function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105236674A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-13 桂林市春晓环保科技有限公司 Waste water treatment system with biogas production function

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150107

Termination date: 20150526

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model