CN204041435U - Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly - Google Patents

Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204041435U
CN204041435U CN201420513964.1U CN201420513964U CN204041435U CN 204041435 U CN204041435 U CN 204041435U CN 201420513964 U CN201420513964 U CN 201420513964U CN 204041435 U CN204041435 U CN 204041435U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
piston ring
plunger
ring
oil
dynamic seal
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420513964.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许冲
张兴明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU HONGYE PETROLEUM EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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JIANGSU HONGYE PETROLEUM EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420513964.1U priority Critical patent/CN204041435U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204041435U publication Critical patent/CN204041435U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of oil field plunger oil-well pump motive sealing plunger assembly, relate to oil production equipment.Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly comprises: above compensate cover, stuffing box gland and lower compensation cover.The outer tube wall of stuffing box gland is set with many steel piston rings.In piston ring, O-ring seals is installed.When plunger is moved to top dead center by lower dead center, the high pressure in center tube is passed to gum cover cavity by pressure transmission groove, and pressure is passed to seal ring by gum cover, thus realize seal section expand after with pump barrel blind-mate, minimizing up stroke hydraulic slip.When plunger is moved to lower dead center by top dead center, the upper and lower pressure reduction of plunger fades away, namely plunger seal section is born pressure and is reduced until disappear gradually, seal section is in retracted state, stuffing box gland and steel piston ring retraction, friction during minimizing down stroke between steel piston ring and pump barrel, improves the working life of metallic packing ring.

Description

Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of for oil field equipment, is specifically related to a kind of oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly.
Background technique
During existing oilfield machinery lifting is recovered the oil, the utilization rate of plunger oil-well pump is in the great majority, and plunger oil-well pump is in oil pumping process, is rigidity friction between plunger and pump barrel, the sealing of plunger oil-well pump can not the to-and-fro motion rule of secure fit pumping unit, and its sealability is in by subtracting trend; It is special that in viscous crude, fluid, sand content is many, containing in polymer oil well, along with the increase of time and wearing and tearing, the wastage of plunger oil-well pump increases gradually, causes the low pumping unit lost work of pump efficiency to increase, increases cost for oil production.In order to reduce plunger and and pump barrel between surface friction drag and wearing and tearing, occurred multiple containing software seal ring, structure with hydraulic feedback sealing in recent years, and elastic metallic ring sealing configuration; Raising sealing effect is had certain effect, but also there is following deficiency:
1, the defect of software hydraulic feedback sealing configuration is, software seal ring and metal pump barrel rub, and seal wears is fast, and working life is short.
2, elastic metallic ring sealing configuration, although the sealing problem of pump barrel and plunger can be solved, metallic packing ring in the moving process of the upper and lower stroke of plunger, elastic metallic ring all the time with pump barrel contact friction, greatly reduce the working life of metallic packing ring, rate of fault is higher.
Summary of the invention:
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, when plunger is moved to top dead center by lower dead center, high pressure in center tube is passed to gum cover cavity by pressure transmission groove, pressure is passed to seal ring by gum cover, thus realize seal section expansion and pump barrel blind-mate, reduce up stroke hydraulic slip.When fill in moved to lower dead center by top dead center time, the upper and lower pressure reduction of plunger fades away, and namely plunger seal section is born pressure and reduced disappearance gradually, and seal section is in retracted state, reduces down stroke operating friction, improves the working life of metallic packing ring.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, and described Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly comprises: be sleeved on upper compensation cover, stuffing box gland and the lower compensation cover on center tube outer tube wall from top to bottom successively.Piston set ring on the outer tube wall of described stuffing box gland; Described piston ring is steel pipe, cutting openings groove on the bus of pipe.Piston ring has many, and be divided into upper piston ring, intermediate piston ring and lower piston ring, intermediate piston ring has many; The gapless arrangement successively of upper, middle and lower piston ring; The external cylindrical surface of piston ring and the inwall of pump barrel are sealing surface.Described upper compensation set upper side to be connected with center tube by upper guide sleeve and to lock; Described lower compensation cover lower end to be connected with center tube by lower guide sleeve and to lock.Lower guide sleeve endoporus installs travelling valve ball and travelling valve seat, the lower end connection valve shield joint of lower guide sleeve.The position of described center tube and combined plunger component touch makes pressure transmission groove.It is characterized in that: not etc., the width of lower piston ring is not maximum, and the width of intermediate piston ring takes second place, and the scantling of upper piston ring is the narrowest for the width of the described three kinds of piston rings in upper, middle and lower.Described piston ring inwall makes circular groove, in described circular groove, O-ring seals is installed.The described upper lower end compensating cover makes tapered collar, and described upper piston ring upper end makes cone, and the tapering of described tapered collar and the tapering of described cone match.
Described upper piston ring, intermediate piston ring and lower piston ring, every piston ring installs two O-ring seals 3.
Between described upper compensation cover and the surface of contact of center tube, O-ring seals is set.
Between the surface of contact at described lower compensation Tao Yu center, O-ring seals is set.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, according to pumping unit working principle, upper and lower stroke adopts different sealing behaves, and the pumping unit upstroke stage has sealing effect merit to be played, down stroke stage seal ring retraction, reduce the idle wearing and tearing between seal ring and pump barrel, the seal ring loss of reduction, improve working life.
2, motive sealing plunger assembly volume is little, and two ends are provided with connecting thread; Repacking conventional plunger or assembling motive sealing plunger pump all very convenient, strong adaptability, the stability of its motive sealing plunger assembly are high, generalization is high, cost is low, convenient maintenance and replacement.
3, piston ring adopts the structure increasing wide degree step by step, when plunger is switched to upstroke instantaneously by down stroke, in order to slow down the impact injury come lower piston endless belt, realizes the reliability switching moment integral sealing.
4, adopt conical surface contact face between upper compensation cover and upper piston ring, when seal section expands, automatically close axial clearance, axis, radial seal can be realized simultaneously, avoid the radial shear between ring and ring.
5, two independently O-ring seals are installed often organizing on piston ring, realize the sealing between metallic piston ring under dynamic effect and software protecting jacket.
6, in upper benefit, all arrange O-ring seals between lower compensation cover and the surface of contact of center tube, the upper and lower sealing effect compensated between cover with center tube is improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is model utility structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the B place partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
The A-A profile of Fig. 3 Fig. 1.
In figure: 1, center tube, 1-1, pressure transmission groove, 2, upper guide sleeve, 3, O-ring seals, 4, upper compensation cover, 4-1, tapered collar, 5, stuffing box gland, 6, upper piston ring, 7, intermediate piston ring, 7-1, opening slot, 8, lower piston ring, 9, pump barrel, 10, lower compensation cover, 11, lower guide sleeve, 12, travelling valve ball, 13, travelling valve seat, 14, valve bonnet joint.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows: a kind of oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, described Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly comprises: be sleeved on the upper compensation cover 4 on center tube 1 outer tube wall, stuffing box gland 5 and lower compensation cover 10 from top to bottom successively.Piston set ring on the outer tube wall of described stuffing box gland 5; Described piston ring is steel pipe, cutting openings groove 7-1 on the bus of pipe.Piston ring has many, and be divided into upper piston ring 6, intermediate piston ring 7 and lower piston ring 8, wherein intermediate piston ring 7 has many, the gapless arrangement successively of upper, middle and lower piston ring.The external cylindrical surface of piston ring and the inwall of pump barrel 9 are sealing surface.Described upper compensation cover 4 upper end to be connected with center tube 1 by upper guide sleeve 2 and to lock.Described lower compensation cover 10 lower end to be connected with center tube 1 by lower guide sleeve 11 and to lock.Lower guide sleeve 11 endoporus installs travelling valve ball 12 and travelling valve seat 13, the lower end connection valve shield joint 14 of lower guide sleeve 11.Described center tube 1 makes pressure transmission groove 1-1 with the position of combined plunger component touch; It is characterized in that: described piston ring inwall makes circular groove, in described circular groove, O-ring seals 3 is installed.Every piston ring installs two O-ring seals 3, and the effect of O-ring seals 3 realizes the sealing effect between metallic piston ring under dynamic effect and software stuffing box gland 5.
Due to when plunger is switched to upstroke instantaneously by down stroke, maximum at piston ring 8 position under instantaneous pressure, and it is more up less, in order to slow down the impact injury brought lower 8 piston rings, realize the reliability switching moment integral sealing, not etc., the width of lower piston ring 8 is not maximum for the width taking the three kinds of piston rings in upper, middle and lower described in the present embodiment, the width of intermediate piston ring 7 takes second place, and the width of upper piston ring 6 is the thinnest.
The lower end of described upper compensation cover 4 makes tapered collar 4-1, and described upper piston ring 6 upper end makes cone, and the tapering of described tapered collar 4-1 and the tapering of described cone match.Adopt conical surface contact between upper compensation cover 4 and upper piston ring 6, when seal section expands, automatically close axial clearance, axis, radial seal can be realized simultaneously, avoid the radial shear between ring and ring.
All arrange O-ring seals 3 between described upper compensation cover 4 and the surface of contact of center tube 1 and between lower compensation cover 10 and the surface of contact of center tube 1, its effect improves the sealing effect between upper and lower compensation cover 4,10 and center tube 1.

Claims (4)

1. an oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, described Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly comprises: be sleeved on upper compensation cover (4) on center tube (1) outer tube wall, stuffing box gland (5) and lower compensation cover (10) from top to bottom successively; Piston set ring on the outer tube wall of described stuffing box gland (5); Described piston ring is steel pipe, cutting openings groove (7-1) on the bus of pipe; Piston ring has many, and be divided into upper piston ring (6), intermediate piston ring (7) and lower piston ring (8), intermediate piston ring (7) has many; The gapless arrangement successively of upper, middle and lower piston ring; The inwall of the external cylindrical surface of piston ring and pump barrel (9) is sealing surface; Described upper compensation cover (4) upper end is connected by upper guide sleeve (2) with center tube (1) and locks; Described lower compensation cover (10) lower end is connected by lower guide sleeve (11) with center tube (1) and locks; Lower guide sleeve (11) endoporus installs travelling valve ball (12) and travelling valve seat (13), lower end connection valve shield joint (14) of lower guide sleeve (11); Described center tube (1) makes pressure transmission groove (1-1) with the position of combined plunger component touch; It is characterized in that: not etc., the width of lower piston ring (8) is not maximum, and the width of intermediate piston ring (7) takes second place, and the scantling of upper piston ring (6) is the narrowest for the width of the described three kinds of piston rings in upper, middle and lower; Described piston ring inwall makes circular groove, in described circular groove, O-ring seals (3) is installed; The described upper lower end compensating cover (4) makes tapered collar (4-1), and described upper piston ring (6) upper end makes cone, and the described tapering of tapered collar (4-1) and the tapering of described cone match.
2. oil field according to claim 1 plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, it is characterized in that: described upper piston ring (6), intermediate piston ring (7) and lower piston ring (8), every piston ring installs two O-ring seals (3).
3. oil field according to claim 1 plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, is characterized in that: arrange O-ring seals (3) between described upper compensation cover (4) and the surface of contact of center tube (1).
4. oil field according to claim 1 plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly, is characterized in that: arrange O-ring seals (3) between described lower compensation cover (10) and the surface of contact of center tube (1).
CN201420513964.1U 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly Withdrawn - After Issue CN204041435U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420513964.1U CN204041435U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420513964.1U CN204041435U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204041435U true CN204041435U (en) 2014-12-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420513964.1U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204041435U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Oil field plunger oil-well pump Dynamic Seal combination plunger assembly

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104196714A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 江苏宏业石油装备科技有限公司 Dynamic sealing combined plunger assembly for oil field plunger oil well pump

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104196714A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 江苏宏业石油装备科技有限公司 Dynamic sealing combined plunger assembly for oil field plunger oil well pump

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141224

Effective date of abandoning: 20160316

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting