CN204006715U - A kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater - Google Patents

A kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204006715U
CN204006715U CN201420213592.0U CN201420213592U CN204006715U CN 204006715 U CN204006715 U CN 204006715U CN 201420213592 U CN201420213592 U CN 201420213592U CN 204006715 U CN204006715 U CN 204006715U
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
water heater
pipe
water
tube
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420213592.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙希干
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Jiangsu Fixed Star Cumulative Energy Science Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Fixed Star Cumulative Energy Science Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420213592.0U priority Critical patent/CN204006715U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, it comprises: water heater combination housing (6), be arranged on the galvanized steel plain sheet base plate (2) of water heater combination housing (6) bottom, be arranged on the heat tube tailstock (5) of water heater combination housing (6) one sides, one end is fixed on heat tube tailstock (5), the other end is inserted in the heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe (3) in polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module (4), is arranged on the tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate (1) at water heater combination housing (6) top.This bright water heater providing, reasonable in design, without water tank, can gather mutually with building, convenient for installation and maintenance, safety coefficient is high, and illuminating area is large, and heat absorption rate and heat energy storage are high, adopt preferred heat storage phase-changing material, and can be now with revealing fresh hot water, applied widely.

Description

A kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar energy heat utilization field, is specifically related to a kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater.
Background technology
Solar energy techniques does not provide bright prospects for solving energy problem, at present solar water heater mainly contains flat two kinds of high-boron-silicon glass electron tubes type and the blue film of high efficiency heat absorption, it is very ripe that vacuum tube has developed more than 20 year coating process, from single target to multi-target magnetic control sputtering coating technique, rete heat absorption efficiency has reached more than 94% at present, low temperature antireflective rate has reached below 6%, in more satisfactory state, as long as can produce according to the strict production control process of maturation process the vacuum tube that quality is higher, vacuum tube water heater has good advantage, the low good heat insulation of unit are absorptivity high emissivity, compared with cryogenic region, there is advantageous superiority especially, yet also there is obvious shortcoming, cannot well combine with building, be subject to the limitation endotherm area of caliber little, double glazing heat absorption efficiency is affected, glass is the damaged congenital potential safety hazard that has easily, therefore external electron tubes type water heater is used less, it is large that same flat casing water-heater has illuminating area, heat absorption rate high heat transfer is fast, easily combine with building, cover plate is that tempering ultra-clear glasses does not have the advantages such as potential safety hazard, but also there is obvious shortcoming, so the large area of dissipation of endotherm area also large thermal equilibrium temperature is lower, efficient cryogenic cannot obtain high temperature, there is no insulating power, in order to prevent hot water fouling, to lean on medium heat conduction, so be only applicable in the higher area of southern temperature, up to the present also do not have a kind of water heater can be in conjunction with the advantage of these two kinds of water heaters, be convenient to promote in any region, can solve again common water heater from low temperature to developer temperature, and can develop into steam type water heater, water heater is installed trouble simultaneously, parts are more, easy care not again, heat storage water tank occupies that very large space is dangerous again, for setting pressure pump is also wanted in pressure-bearing water outlet, it is electron tubes type or flat all the same, often become ornaments winter, the electric auxiliary heating of serious dependence, the blue film of flat water heater is exposed to the very fast lifetime of decay in air and greatly shortens, state's heater inside price war grows in intensity, solar water heater industry is in obvious decline state.
Summary of the invention
Utility model object: the purpose of this utility model is in order to solve the shortcoming of solar water heater in prior art, a kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater is provided, the utility model water heater adopts flat, can make water heater easily gather mutually with building, there is no potential safety hazard, abandon heavy water tank, easily installation and maintenance, in function, can realize increase illuminating area, strengthen heat absorption rate efficient heat energy storage, by demand calorimetric exchange, now with revealing fresh hot water, in engineering, large area is in parallel uses, can realize and stablize steam supply, organic assembling as required.
Technical scheme: in order to realize above object, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
A kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, it comprises: water heater combination housing, be arranged on the galvanized steel plain sheet base plate of the outer frame bottom of water heater combination, be arranged on the heat tube tailstock of water heater combination housing one side, one end is fixed on heat tube tailstock, the other end is inserted in the heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe in polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module, is arranged on the tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate of the outer arch of water heater combination.Wherein vacuum heat-pipe blind end, adopts heat tube tailstock to be fixed on aluminum alloy frame, and the flexible socket of heat tube tailstock and vacuum heat-pipe tail end, lays and be fixed in aluminum alloy frame.
As preferred version, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, the lower surface of described tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate is provided with Fresnel light condensing lens; Described galvanized steel plain sheet plate upper surface is provided with composite parabolic speculum (CPC composite parabolic speculum).
Wherein collector lens adopts groove to inner plane utilizing line-focus Fresnel lens design outwardly, lens glass adopts tempering coating film treatment, coated glass increases incident light transmission rate, and reduce surperficial incident light reflectivity, double-sided coating also helps glass surface self-cleaning function, lens adopt low iron ultra-clear glasses material, and tempering requirement of strength reaches the standard of national flat water heater cover-plate glass.
Flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater described in the utility model, focusing on light belt aligns with heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe, the galvanized steel plain sheet base plate with CPC composite parabolic speculum is placed in vacuum heat-pipe below, as more preferably scheme, described base plate is to be pressed into one by hyperbolic composite parabolic reflective aluminum mirror and bottom surface galvanized steel plain sheet, form base plate, the reflective aluminium sheet of composite parabolic is suppressed and is formed on corrugation former by special precision die;
As shown in Figure 2, incident light focuses on light belt and composite parabolic reflect focalization light belt impinges upon vacuum heat-pipe heat-absorption coated inner surface, in figure, the light transmition of solar irradiation on water heater, converge, reflect the process that converges again and converge scope, there is very high heat utilization efficiency.
Heat accumulation vacuum heat-pipe is arranged in the burnt band of lens place, water heater is placed according to glass lens thing and is coordinated local latitude angle to install, be equivalent to one dimension tracking effect, coordinate bottom composite parabolic reflective mirror, do not adding in tracking situation when light belt departs from, bottom viewfinder can be reflected back vacuum heat-pipe departing from light belt within the specific limits, make heat pipe maximum magnitude fully absorb solar energy and thermal energy storage in heat storage phase-changing material.Reach the effect of maximum absorption solar energy, solar energy thermal-arrest more compared to existing technology, the feature of environmental protection is stronger.
As preferred version, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, described heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe comprises outer layer glass tube, be arranged on the interior stainless steel tube of outer layer glass tube inside, be arranged on the intermediate thermal conductivity pipe of interior stainless steel tube inside, be arranged on the expansion joint bellows of vacuum heat-pipe termination, be arranged on the stainless steel bracing frame between outer layer glass tube and interior stainless steel tube, the glass inner tube of docking sealing by fusing with outer layer glass tube.As preferred version, the heat-storing device that is provided with lava (heat storage phase-changing material) between interior stainless steel tube and intermediate thermal conductivity pipe, as other preferred version, the getter that is provided with in inner two terminations of vacuum heat-pipe, can keep the vacuum in vacuum tube.
As preferred version, heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe described in the utility model, its skin is high-boron-silicon glass pipe, internal layer is the metal tube through too much target material magnetic sputtering plated film, through kovar alloy and high-boron-silicon glass transition sealing by fusing, then welds with stainless steel inner tube, exhaust vacuumizes sealing and produces high-efficiency heat pipe, filling heat storage phase-changing material lava in heat pipe, inserts the inside and outside metal tube of thermal conductive metal pipe sealing again, obtains heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe.
As preferred version, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, the polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module of described heat conduction water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe comprises hot water outlet pipe, be positioned at the running water water inlet pipe of hot water outlet pipe inside, the capillary water injection pipe being connected with running water water inlet pipe, be arranged on the polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating layer of hot water outlet pipe's periphery, be arranged on the insulation module shell of polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating layer periphery, described capillary water injection pipe is inserted in intermediate thermal conductivity pipe.As more preferably scheme, wherein water inlet pipe and outlet pipe can be arranged on same port, also can be arranged on different port, can design according to the needs of actual installation occasion.
As preferred version, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, many described of heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipes are installed in parallel in water heater combination housing.
The assembling process of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater described in the utility model is: first composite parabolic speculum is fixed on galvanized steel plain sheet base plate, the disposable pressing of combination housing made from aluminium alloy again forms bottom for the galvanized steel plain sheet base plate with composite parabolic reflective mirror, it in the middle of fixing according to accurate design size, is vacuum heat-pipe, vacuum heat-pipe two, an inner side that is fixed on combination housing by heat tube tailstock flexible attachment, the other end is inserted in polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module, heat pipe unit is fixed in insulation module, insulation module is fixed on aluminum alloy combination housing inner side, after whole water heater internal placement fixedly completes, finally add ultra-clear glasses collector lens cover plate, play glue and sealed whole assembling, wherein water heater is divided into six standard package parts, on production line, assemble.
The assembling process of heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe described in the utility model is: stainless steel tube in first processing, a seal welding, bellows and kovar alloy and the welding of glass head seal part, carrying out high temperature coating film treatment after the clean oven dry of this effective washed with de-ionized water in magnetron sputtering stove, on plated film pipe racks, stainless steel bracing frame injects outer layer glass tube, and put into getter at two, then sealing by fusing docking, the filling heat storage phase-changing material of elder generation after vacuum heat-pipe completes, inject again intermediate thermal conductivity pipe, outer layer glass tube and interior stainless steel tube are sealed in termination, thereby produce heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe standard component.
Beneficial effect: the flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater that the utility model provides, compared to the prior art has the following advantages:
The flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater that the utility model provides, reasonable in design, adopts flat, can make water heater easily gather mutually with building, there is no potential safety hazard, abandon heavy water tank, easily installation and maintenance, in function, can realize increase illuminating area, strengthen heat absorption rate efficient heat energy storage, by demand calorimetric exchange, existing with revealing fresh hot water, in engineering, large area is in parallel uses, applied widely.
(1) the utility model is for exempting from Tracking device, heat accumulation vacuum heat-pipe is arranged in the burnt band of lens place, water heater is placed according to glass lens thing and is coordinated local latitude angle to install, be equivalent to one dimension tracking effect, coordinate bottom composite parabolic reflective mirror, do not adding in tracking situation when light belt departs from, bottom viewfinder can be reflected back heat pipe departing from light belt within the specific limits, make heat pipe maximum magnitude fully absorb solar energy and thermal energy storage in phase-change material.By great many of experiments, filter out phase-change material, can realize the efficient conversion of heat energy.
(2) in the utility model, heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe is that a kind of skin is high-boron-silicon glass pipe, internal layer is the metal tube through too much target material magnetic sputtering plated film, through kovar alloy and high-boron-silicon glass transition sealing by fusing, weld with stainless steel inner tube again, exhaust vacuumizes sealing and produces high-efficiency heat pipe, the device that contains phase-change thermal storage phase-change material is set in heat pipe again, inserts the inside and outside metal tube of thermal conductive metal pipe sealing, obtain heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe.
(3) the polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module end of heat conduction water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe in the utility model, by the heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe port of export, insert in the polyurethane heat-insulation module of producing through mould and be connected with outlet pipe, in outlet pipe, insert water inlet pipe, water inlet pipe perforate and capillary water injection pipe are connected and fixed, water filling tubule inserts in thermal conductive metal pipe, module end includes water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe and fixture, whole water heater only has an inlet opening and an apopore, overall structure is simply combined by standard component, inner heat pipe heat absorption heat storage units all adopts combination in parallel, be conducive to safeguard, when the unit Shi Buhui that goes wrong affects other unit, whole water heater is operation as usual.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the utility model flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the utility model incident light focusing light belt and composite parabolic reflect focalization light belt impinge upon heat pipe heat-absorption coated inner surface.
Fig. 3 is the utility model focus irradiation vacuum heat-pipe unit arrangement structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the utility model heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe structural representation.
Fig. 5 is the utility model water heater side cross-section heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe internal fixing structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the inner perspective of the utility model water heater vacuum heat-pipe and insulation modular structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further illustrate the utility model, should understand these embodiment and only for the utility model is described, be not used in restriction scope of the present utility model, after having read the utility model, those skilled in the art all fall within the application's claims limited range to the modification of the various equivalent form of values of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, it comprises: water heater combination housing (6), be arranged on the galvanized steel plain sheet base plate (2) of water heater combination housing (6) bottom, be arranged on the heat tube tailstock (5) of water heater combination housing (6) one sides, one end is fixed on heat tube tailstock (5), the other end is inserted in the heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe (3) in polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module (4), is arranged on the tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate (1) at water heater combination housing (6) top.
The lower surface of described tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate (1) is provided with Fresnel light condensing lens; Described galvanized steel plain sheet base plate (2) upper surface is provided with composite parabolic speculum (2-1).
As shown in Figure 3, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, many described of heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipes (3) are installed in parallel in water heater combination housing (6).
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, described heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe (3) comprises outer layer glass tube (3-1), be arranged on the inner interior stainless steel tube (3-2) of outer layer glass tube (3-1), be arranged on the inner intermediate thermal conductivity pipe (3-3) of interior stainless steel tube (3-2), be arranged on the expansion joint bellows (3-5) of heat pipe termination, be arranged on the stainless steel bracing frame (3-7) between outer layer glass tube (3-1) and interior stainless steel tube (3-2), dock the glass inner tube (3-8) of sealing by fusing with outer layer glass tube (3-1).
Above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, in described heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe (3), is equipped with the heat-storing device of lava between interior stainless steel tube (3-2) and intermediate thermal conductivity pipe (3-3), and the getter of two terminations of inside heat pipe.
As shown in Figure 6, above-described flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, the polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module (4) of described heat conduction water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe comprises hot water outlet pipe (4-2), be positioned at the inner running water water inlet pipe (4-1) of hot water outlet pipe (4-2), the capillary water injection pipe (4-5) being connected with running water water inlet pipe (4-1), be arranged on the polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating layer (4-3) of hot water outlet pipe (4-2) periphery, be arranged on the insulation module shell (4-4) of polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating layer (4-3) periphery, described capillary water injection pipe (4-5) is inserted in intermediate thermal conductivity pipe (3-3).
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, do not departing under the prerequisite of the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (2)

1. a flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater, it is characterized in that, it comprises: water heater combination housing (6), be arranged on the galvanized steel plain sheet base plate (2) of water heater combination housing (6) bottom, be arranged on the heat tube tailstock (5) of water heater combination housing (6) one sides, one end is fixed on heat tube tailstock (5), the other end is inserted in the heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe (3) in polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module (4), is arranged on the tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate (1) at water heater combination housing (6) top;
The lower surface of described tempering ultra-clear glasses cover plate (1) is provided with Fresnel light condensing lens; Described galvanized steel plain sheet base plate (2) upper surface is provided with composite parabolic speculum (2-1);
Described heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipe (3) comprises outer layer glass tube (3-1), be arranged on the inner interior stainless steel tube (3-2) of outer layer glass tube (3-1), be arranged on the inner intermediate thermal conductivity pipe (3-3) of interior stainless steel tube (3-2), be arranged on the expansion joint bellows (3-5) of heat pipe termination, be arranged on the stainless steel bracing frame (3-7) between outer layer glass tube (3-1) and interior stainless steel tube (3-2), dock the glass inner tube (3-8) of sealing by fusing with outer layer glass tube (3-1);
The polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating module (4) of described heat conduction water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe comprises hot water outlet pipe (4-2), be positioned at the inner running water water inlet pipe (4-1) of hot water outlet pipe (4-2), the capillary water injection pipe (4-5) being connected with running water water inlet pipe (4-1), be arranged on the polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating layer (4-3) of hot water outlet pipe (4-2) periphery, be arranged on the insulation module shell (4-4) of polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating layer (4-3) periphery, described capillary water injection pipe (4-5) is inserted in intermediate thermal conductivity pipe (3-3).
2. flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater according to claim 1, is characterized in that: many described of heat accumulation type vacuum heat-pipes (3) are installed in parallel in water heater combination housing (6).
CN201420213592.0U 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 A kind of flat-plate concentration type solar water-free case water heater Expired - Fee Related CN204006715U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104833112A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-12 南京星环能源科技有限公司 Flat-plate concentrating solar heat collector
CN106091418A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-11-09 南京工业大学 One is exempted to follow the tracks of small-sized solar concentrating collector
CN112762629A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-05-07 华中科技大学 Wing-type linear Fresnel light condensing system
CN113719004A (en) * 2021-10-11 2021-11-30 中建五局装饰幕墙有限公司 Novel secondary focusing photo-thermal phase change energy storage double-layer glass curtain wall module

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104833112A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-12 南京星环能源科技有限公司 Flat-plate concentrating solar heat collector
CN106091418A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-11-09 南京工业大学 One is exempted to follow the tracks of small-sized solar concentrating collector
CN112762629A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-05-07 华中科技大学 Wing-type linear Fresnel light condensing system
CN112762629B (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-12-17 华中科技大学 Wing-type linear Fresnel light condensing system
CN113719004A (en) * 2021-10-11 2021-11-30 中建五局装饰幕墙有限公司 Novel secondary focusing photo-thermal phase change energy storage double-layer glass curtain wall module

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Granted publication date: 20141210

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