The filter that a kind of waste acid water is processed
The utility model belongs to sewage filtration equipment field, relates in particular to the filter that a kind of waste acid water is processed.
At present, along with scientific and technological progress and industrial fast development, in the production process of more industrial circles, be applied to the chemical raw material of various acid, after production process, spent acid is along with sewage discharge is in environment, so waste acid water contaminated environment for fear of discharge, the one, from production process, allow acid starting material be fully used and do not waste, the 2nd, the waste acid water giving off is carried out to the processing up to standard of high-quality waste liquid.Therefore, recover materials requisite quality situation after disposing waste liquid directly depends on waste acid water treatment facility, and filter is as the process device in waste acid water treatment facility, when its waste liquid filters, solid matter leaches degree whole waste acid water processing procedure is played to vital effect, does not leach after may causing waste acid water to be processed when insufficient the total quality of material up to standard and to environment.The filter that the waste acid water of prior art is processed comprises water filling port, charging aperture, screen pack, support, motor, discharge outlet, roller, waste liquid enters from charging aperture, can be suitably from water filling port injected water dilution waste liquid, motor driving roller rotates, roller rotates and drives screen pack to filter, and the liquid after filtration is discharged from discharge outlet.But there is following shortcoming in the filter that during practical application, this waste acid water is processed:
1, in filter, only has single filter net, waste liquid only passes through single filter, served as aperture of filter screen when large, may cause in the waste liquid after filtration and contain compared with small impurities, served as aperture of filter screen hour, if the impurity particle in waste liquid is more greatly, cause and filter slowly, reduce filtrate quality, extended filtration time.
2, roller rest cylinder rotates sepage body from screen pack during waste liquid filter flowing, and when more containing solid impurity in waste liquid, its rate of filtration is slower, has reduced the operating efficiency of filtering.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present utility model is to solve problems of the prior art, and the filter of the waste acid water processing that a kind of filtrate quality is high, filtration time is short, operating efficiency is high is provided.
The technical problem that the utility model solves realizes by the following technical solutions:
The filter that waste acid water is processed, comprises bracing frame, crossbeam, cartridge filter, gland, liquid outlet, feed tube, the first discharging opening, the second discharging opening, filter screen backing plate, filter screen, spring, filter cloth backing plate, filter cloth, cylinder, piston rod, cylinder plate and motor, support frame as described above is provided with crossbeam, on described crossbeam, cartridge filter is installed, the upper end of described cartridge filter is provided with gland, lower end has liquid outlet, upper left side is provided with feed tube, right side has the first discharging opening and the second discharging opening successively, the left and right sides of the cartridge filter inside that described the first discharging opening is corresponding is all provided with filter screen backing plate, on described filter screen backing plate, be provided with filter screen, between the described filter screen left and right sides and gland, be respectively arranged with spring, the left and right sides of the cartridge filter inside that described the second discharging opening is corresponding is all provided with filter cloth backing plate, on described filter cloth backing plate, be provided with filter cloth, the position corresponding with gland middle part, support frame as described above top is fixed with cylinder, described cylinder upper end connects motor, lower end is provided with piston rod, the lower end of described piston rod is fixed with cylinder plate.
On described gland, be provided with the groove matching with cylinder plate shape and size.
Described gland is provided with rubber blanket on side.
Described filter screen is metal screen.
Described filter cloth is twill filter cloth.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the structural design mode that this double-filtration of the present utility model and cylinder compression match, cylinder promotes spent acid liquid and flows through and filter from filter screen, has improved the rate of filtration; And first spent acid liquid leach by filter screen the solid matter that particle is larger, then leach by fine and close filter cloth the solid matter that particle is less, through double-filtration, improved filtrate quality and operating efficiency.
2, between the filter screen of the present utility model left and right sides and gland, be respectively arranged with spring, when cylinder promotes gland, move downward when too fast, can avoid gland drive under waste liquid press filtration and damage filter screen; After filtration finishes, spring can rebound gland to the home position of cartridge filter upper end.
3, on gland of the present utility model, be provided with the groove matching with cylinder plate shape and size, the cylinder plate of cylinder enters into groove and promotes gland and move down, what can make the promotion of cylinder plate is more surely unlikely to mobile, and can make gland bear cylinder plate dynamics more evenly and parallel.
4, on gland of the present utility model side, be provided with rubber blanket, in the process of the gland that moves around, rubber blanket can prevent gouging abrasion between gland and cartridge filter sidewall.
5, filter screen of the present utility model is metal screen, and when under cylinder promotion gland, in-migration drives waste liq to move down filtration, metal screen can bear larger pressure and be unlikely to damage, and metal screen is firm, long service life.
6, filter cloth of the present utility model is twill filter cloth, and during twill filter-cloth filtering waste liquid, anti-wear ability is strong, the rate of filtration is fast, the life-span is long.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure: 1-bracing frame, 2-crossbeam, 3-cartridge filter, 4-gland, 5-liquid outlet, 6-feed tube, 7-the first discharging opening, 8-the second discharging opening, 9-filter screen backing plate, 10-filter screen, 11-spring, 12-filter cloth backing plate, 13-filter cloth, 14-cylinder, 15-piston rod, 16-cylinder plate, 17-motor, 18-rubber blanket, 19-groove.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further:
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment comprises bracing frame 1, crossbeam 2, cartridge filter 3, gland 4, liquid outlet 5, feed tube 6, the first discharging opening 7, the second discharging opening 8, filter screen backing plate 9, filter screen 10, spring 11, filter cloth backing plate 12, filter cloth 13, cylinder 14, piston rod 15, cylinder plate 16 and motor 17, bracing frame 1 is provided with crossbeam 2, cartridge filter 3 is installed on crossbeam 2, the upper end of cartridge filter 3 is provided with gland 4, gland is provided with rubber blanket 18 on 4 sides, on gland 4, be provided with the groove 19 matching with cylinder plate 16 shapes and size, the lower end of cartridge filter 3 has liquid outlet 5, upper left side is provided with feed tube 6, right side has the first discharging opening 7 and the second discharging opening 8 successively, the left and right sides of cartridge filter 3 inside that the first discharging opening 7 is corresponding is all provided with filter screen backing plate 9, on filter screen backing plate 9, be provided with filter screen 10, filter screen 10 is metal screen, between filter screen 10 left and right sides and gland 4, be respectively arranged with spring 11, the left and right sides of cartridge filter 3 inside that the second discharging opening 8 is corresponding is all provided with filter cloth backing plate 12, on filter cloth backing plate 12, be provided with filter cloth 13, filter cloth 13 is twill filter cloth, the position corresponding with gland 4 middle parts, bracing frame 1 top is fixed with cylinder 14, cylinder 14 upper ends connect motor 17, lower end is provided with piston rod 15, the lower end of piston rod 15 is fixed with cylinder plate 16.
During work, first from feed tube 6, waste liquid is delivered in cartridge filter 3, waste liquid filters quite slow by Action of Gravity Field, so can accumulating a large amount of waste liquids very soon, cartridge filter 3 tops slowly filter for the first time, when accumulating to feed tube 6 lower end, waste liquid stops entering waste liquid, starter motor 17 and cylinder 14, cylinder plate 16 on the piston rod 15 of motor 17 driving cylinders 14 moves down, cylinder plate 16 is displaced downwardly to and in the groove 19 of gland 4, promotes gland 4 and move down, waste liquid in gland 4 promotion cartridge filters 3 moves down waste liquid is filtered for the first time by filter screen 10, under the downward surge producing when the pressured lid 4 promotion waste liquids of waste liquid filter for the first time after filtering for the first time and the Action of Gravity Field of waste liquid itself, by filter cloth 13, filter for the second time, after all waste liquids that gland 4 promotes cartridge filter 3 tops filter for the first time and finish, on cylinder plate 16 on the piston rod 15 of cylinder 14, move, spring 11 springs back to origin-location by gland 4, waste liquid in feed tube 6 slowly enters in cartridge filter 3 simultaneously, feed tube 6 flows into waste liquid speed and adapts with the waste liquid speed of filtering for the second time, liquid after filtering for the second time flows out by liquid outlet 5, when the waste liquid of feed tube 6 inputs is accumulated to feed tube 6 lower end, again repeating said process filters.After filtering a large amount of waste liquids, filter screen 10 and filter cloth 13 can be detained respectively larger particles solid matter and compared with solid small particles material, can open the first discharging opening 7 and the second discharging opening 8 takes out respectively filter screen 10 and filter cloth 13, so take away on larger particles solid matter on filter screen 10 and filter cloth 13 compared with solid small particles material.
Utilize technical scheme described in the utility model, or those skilled in the art being under the inspiration of technical solutions of the utility model, designs similar technical scheme, and reaching above-mentioned technique effect, is all to fall into protection domain of the present utility model.