CN203960878U - A kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering - Google Patents

A kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203960878U
CN203960878U CN201420299713.8U CN201420299713U CN203960878U CN 203960878 U CN203960878 U CN 203960878U CN 201420299713 U CN201420299713 U CN 201420299713U CN 203960878 U CN203960878 U CN 203960878U
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China
Prior art keywords
support
exterior sheathing
rock
soil
construction
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420299713.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
詹学启
张占荣
郭建湖
刘庆辉
蒋道君
杨松
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China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
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China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420299713.8U priority Critical patent/CN203960878U/en
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Publication of CN203960878U publication Critical patent/CN203960878U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to retaining engineering construction field, is specifically related to a kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering.It comprises exterior sheathing, oblique pull system and support system, and described oblique pull system comprises brace and fixing muscle, and described brace one end is connected with fixing muscle, the other end is connected with exterior sheathing; Described support system comprises inner support, outer support and limit rib, described inner support is supported in after wall between Rock And Soil and exterior sheathing and perpendicular to exterior sheathing setting, described outer support one end is fixed on after wall on the ground before Rock And Soil, the other end stays in the side that exterior sheathing deviates from Rock And Soil after wall, and described limit rib is arranged at exterior sheathing bottom.The utility model, by the fixing exterior sheathing of oblique pull system and support system is set, has saved inner side template, and simple in structure, template is lightweight, and assembly and disassembly process does not need main equipment, and cost is low.

Description

A kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering
Technical field
The utility model belongs to retaining engineering construction field, is specifically related to a kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering.
Background technology
In recent years along with development and the raising of Chinese society economic level, in the raising of the aspect standard-requireds such as structure stress, structure durability and view, retaining engineering material changes (reinforcing bar or slabstone) concrete into by the original mortar flag stone masonry generally using, construction is corresponding is built by original manual zoning by laying bricks or stones to change concrete segmentation into integrated poured, the match plate forms that adopt when retaining engineering concrete pouring construction more, this match plate form cannot adapt to the requirement of concrete retaining engineering monobloc cast construction, mainly has the following disadvantages:
(1), retaining engineering executes man-hour requirement inside and outside template is set, and required vertically touches, form removal operation is more inner formword form removal difficulty, and increased engineering surcharge.
(2), after wall body pouring concrete completes; wall back of the body template removing or demoulding difficulty; even template residues in after wall; not only cause template waste, increase construction cost; also can or rot due to the corrosion of template affects structure stress, even causes ill-effects such as concrete corrosion, thereby affects the long-time stability of retaining engineering.
(3), remove after inner formword, because wall rear space is narrow and small, manually cannot enter and apply, after wall loaded filter cannot successively fill, successively compacting, because loaded filter degree of compaction deficiency after wall causes deflection excessive or exist cavity directly to affect the stability and safety of the normal stressed and side slope of retaining engineering.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly the deficiency existing in order to solve above-mentioned background technology, and a kind of construction formwork of simple in structure, cost is low, efficiency of construction is high retaining engineering is provided.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering, comprise exterior sheathing, oblique pull system and support system, described oblique pull system comprises and is arranged at brace and the fixing muscle between Rock And Soil and exterior sheathing after wall, and described brace one end is connected with fixing muscle, the other end is connected with exterior sheathing; Described support system comprises inner support, outer support and limit rib, described inner support is supported in after wall between Rock And Soil and exterior sheathing and perpendicular to exterior sheathing setting, described outer support one end is fixed on after wall on the ground before Rock And Soil, the other end stays in the side that exterior sheathing deviates from Rock And Soil after wall, and described limit rib is arranged at exterior sheathing bottom.
Further, described oblique pull system also comprises horizontal lacing wire and spud pile, and described spud pile is fixed on Rock And Soil top after wall, and described horizontal lacing wire one end is connected with spud pile, the other end is connected with exterior sheathing top.
The utility model, by the fixing exterior sheathing of oblique pull system and support system is set, has saved inner side template, and simple in structure, template is lightweight, and assembly and disassembly process does not need main equipment, and cost is low; While adopting this template construction, operation is simple, and efficiency of construction is high, speed is fast, and required construction space is little, is not only applicable to common retaining engineering construction, is also applicable to the retaining engineering construction of the limited space such as underground construction.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that adopts the utility model construction first order body of wall.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that adopts the utility model construction second level body of wall.
Fig. 3 is the retaining engineering body of wall schematic diagram after having constructed.
Wherein: 1-exterior sheathing; 2-oblique pull system, 2.1-brace, 2.2-fixes muscle, the horizontal lacing wire of 2.3-, 2.4-spud pile; 3-support system, 3.1-inner support, 3.2-outer support, 3.3-limit rib; 4-retaining engineering, 4.1-foundation ditch body of wall, the 4.2-first order is built body of wall, and 4.3-builds body of wall in the second level; 5-waterproof and water drainage system; Rock And Soil after 6-wall; 7-ground.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail, is convenient to be well understood to the utility model, but they do not form and limit the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1-2, the utility model comprises exterior sheathing 1, oblique pull system 2 and support system 3.
Exterior sheathing 1 can adopt the type such as wooden form, steel form, and the preferably sizing punching block of bulk, while becoming required exterior sheathing by the little template splicing of polylith, adopts Bolt Connection between template, for strengthening its globality, prevent distortion, can be welded with angle steel at its back.Exterior sheathing 1 inner side arranges the interim inner support 3.1 such as brace 2.1 and the lumps of wood, the outer supports 3.2 such as exterior sheathing arranged outside steel pipe, and while constructing to retaining engineering top, exterior sheathing top arranges top water horizontal drawing muscle 2.3; The members such as inner support 2.1, outer support 3.1, horizontal lacing wire 2.3 can be connected with exterior sheathing 1 by forms such as fastener, nut, welding, and connecting portion needs solid and reliable.
Oblique pull system 2 is made up of brace 2.1, fixing muscle 2.2, horizontal lacing wire 2.3 and spud pile 2.4: the height that brace 2.1 is built retaining engineering according to each classification adopts many rows lacing wire, lacing wire can adopt iron wire or reinforcing bar, diameter can adopt φ 8~20mm, longitudinally arranged crosswise, its one end is welded with fixing muscle 2.2 or crotch is connected, the other end and exterior sheathing 1 are bolted to connection; Fixing muscle 2.2 can adopt reinforcing bar or angle steel, before previous stage concrete initial set, be embedded in wall after between Rock And Soil 6 and exterior sheathing 1, angle steel can adopt 63*63*6mm, reinforcing bar adopts HPB300 φ 20mm, longitudinal pitch is 0.6~0.8m, buried depth is 0.4m with exposing; Horizontal lacing wire 2.3 and spud pile 2.4 adopts during for the upper level body of wall of pouring construction, horizontal lacing wire 2.3 can adopt φ 16~20mm reinforcing bar, spud pile 2.4 is arranged at Rock And Soil 6 tops after wall, can adopt steel pipe to squeeze into and bury underground, horizontal lacing wire 2.3 one end and spud pile 2.4 bindings, the other end and exterior sheathing 1 top are bolted to connection.
Support system 3 is made up of inner support 3.1, outer support 3.2 and limit rib 3.3: general many rods or the square wood strip of adopting of inner support 3.1, sectional dimension is 10-15cm, after wall, between Rock And Soil 6 and exterior sheathing 1 and perpendicular to exterior sheathing 1, arrange, play the effect of shoring, the about 1.0-1.5m of setting space, as temporary supporting, successively take down from bottom to top during to inner support in concreting; General steel pipe or the angle steel of adopting of outer support 3.2, be arranged on exterior sheathing 1 outside and shore reinforcing, one end is fixed on the ground 7 of Rock And Soil 6 front certain distances after wall, the other end stays in the side that exterior sheathing 1 deviates from Rock And Soil after wall, the about 1.0m of setting space left and right, the inclination alpha between outer support 3.2 and ground 7 is generally 30-60 °; Limit rib 3.3 is embedded bar, diameter should adopt φ 12~20mm, and the interface place when being arranged at exterior sheathing 1 bottom retaining engineering classification and building prevents the effect of displacement to play fixing exterior sheathing 1 bottom, pre-buried before previous stage concrete initial set, longitudinally setting space is 0.5~1.0m.
Retaining engineering 4 is made up of (reinforcing bar or slabstone) concrete, is divided into the above body of wall in foundation ditch body of wall and ground, in the time that the larger gradation of wall height is built, builds body of wall form by each classification.Foundation ditch body of wall refers to the front ground of Rock And Soil or the following wall part of platform after wall, the oblique substrate of general employing, ratio of slope is 0.2~0.1:1, for pouring construction wall part at first, its end face is that the above construction formwork in ground is installed the fixing muscle of required oblique pull system, supported the position that fixed system limit rib is buried underground.In retaining engineering when construction,, concrete is directly cast in after exterior sheathing and wall between Rock And Soil, due to employing one side construction formwork, has saved inner formword, and form removal operation is simple, cost is low.
Adopt the process of this formwork structure construction retaining engineering to be:
(1), excavation builds the foundation ditch body of wall 4.1 of retaining engineering below ground part, and at the fixing muscle 2.2 of the pre-buried oblique pull system 2 of its end face and the limit rib 3.3 of support system 3.
(2), reach after designing requirement wait the foundation ditch strength of wall body of the retaining engineering of building, construction waterproof and water drainage system 5 (loaded filter as compound in monolithic), welds the brace of oblique pull system 2.1 and pre-buried fixing muscle 2.2 or bundle; Exterior sheathing 1 is installed simultaneously, interim inner support 3.1 is set, outer support 3.2, and exterior sheathing 1 and inner support 3.1, outer support 3.2 are connected firmly;
(3) build the above concrete partly in retaining engineering ground, in the time of the contiguous inner support of concreting 3.1 position, remove step by step inner support 3.1, after having built, carry out concrete curing, reach after designing requirement until retaining engineering concrete strength, remove exterior sheathing 1, outer support 3.2, cleaning construction plant.
(4), if when retaining engineering is higher, can take gradation to build, now build the first order that the above part in retaining engineering ground comprises that gradation is built build 4.2 and the second level build body of wall 4.3, gradation is built the second level while building body of wall 4.3, need build the body of wall pre-buried fixing muscle 2.2 of 4.2 end face and limit rib 3.3 in the first order, while Rock And Soil 7 end faces after wall arrange spud pile 2.4 and the horizontal lacing wire 2.3 of oblique pull system 2, all the other processes are with the construction sequence of previous stage body of wall, gradation is carried out concrete curing after having built, reach after designing requirement until whole retaining engineering concrete strength, remove exterior sheathing 1, horizontal lacing wire 2.3, spud pile 1.4.As shown in Figure 1, as shown in Figure 2, the retaining engineering 4 after having constructed as shown in Figure 3 for the construction schematic diagram that body of wall 4.3 is built in the second level for the construction schematic diagram that the first order is built body of wall 4.2.
The content not being described in detail in this manual belongs to the known prior art of professional and technical personnel in the field.

Claims (2)

1. the construction formwork of a retaining engineering, it is characterized in that: comprise exterior sheathing (1), oblique pull system (2) and support system (3), described oblique pull system (2) comprises and is arranged at brace (2.1) and the fixing muscle (2.2) between Rock And Soil and exterior sheathing after wall, and described brace (2.1) one end is connected with fixing muscle (2.2), the other end is connected with exterior sheathing (1); Described support system (3) comprises inner support (3.1), outer support (3.2) and limit rib (3.3), described inner support (3.1) is supported in after wall between Rock And Soil and exterior sheathing and perpendicular to exterior sheathing setting, described outer support (3.2) one end is fixed on after wall on the ground before Rock And Soil, the other end stays in the side that exterior sheathing deviates from Rock And Soil after wall, and described limit rib (3.3) is arranged at exterior sheathing bottom.
2. the construction formwork of a kind of retaining engineering according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described oblique pull system (2) also comprises horizontal lacing wire (2.3) and spud pile (2.4), described spud pile (2.4) is fixed on Rock And Soil top after wall, and described horizontal lacing wire (2.3) one end is connected with spud pile (2.4), the other end is connected with exterior sheathing (1) top.
CN201420299713.8U 2014-06-06 2014-06-06 A kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering Withdrawn - After Issue CN203960878U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420299713.8U CN203960878U (en) 2014-06-06 2014-06-06 A kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN203960878U true CN203960878U (en) 2014-11-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104060616A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-24 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Construction template used in retaining engineering and construction method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104060616A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-24 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Construction template used in retaining engineering and construction method thereof
CN104060616B (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-04-20 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of construction formwork of retaining engineering and construction method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141126

Effective date of abandoning: 20160420