CN203956029U - Full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment - Google Patents

Full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203956029U
CN203956029U CN201420402521.5U CN201420402521U CN203956029U CN 203956029 U CN203956029 U CN 203956029U CN 201420402521 U CN201420402521 U CN 201420402521U CN 203956029 U CN203956029 U CN 203956029U
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cylinder
frame
template
compacting
fixed
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张焕涛
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张焕涛
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment, comprise frame, guide rail bracket, travelling carriage, swivel mount, drag box, cope, template, magazine attachment, compaction apparatus, compacting ejecting device, the first drive unit, the second drive unit, the 3rd drive unit, template-driven device, hopper drive unit; Template is located between drag box and cope; What magazine attachment slided is located in frame; Compaction apparatus and compacting ejecting device are located in frame; The first drive unit is located between frame and travelling carriage; The second drive unit is located between travelling carriage and swivel mount; The 3rd drive unit is located between swivel mount and upper drag box; Template-driven device is located between frame and template; Hopper drive unit is located between frame and magazine attachment.This structure can realize automatic forming sand mold, improves the efficiency of moulding sand mold.

Description

Full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment.
Background technology
Casting is that the mankind grasp a kind of metal fever processing technology relatively early, the history of existing approximately 6000.China has entered the heyday of bronze casting between B.C. 1700~first 1000, has reached quite high level in technique.Casting refers to dissolves by solid metallic the casting mold of pouring given shape for liquid state into, treats the processing mode of its solidification forming.Had by ingot metal: copper, iron, aluminium, tin, lead etc., the material of common casting mold is clay-bonded sand, clay, waterglass, resin and other auxiliary material.
Wherein adopt clay-bonded sand material to be called again sand casting as common casting mold, so-called clay-bonded sand is roughing sand and adds clay.Sand casting is the casting method of producing foundry goods in sand mold.Steel, iron and most of non-ferrous alloy casting all can obtain with sand mould casting method.Because the Modeling Material that sand casting is used is cheap and easy to get, Casting mold manufacturing is easy, and single-piece production to foundry goods, produce by batch and produce and all can adapt in a large number, for a long time, be the basic technology in Foundry Production always.
And current sand casting is high because of big machineryization casting cost, difficulty is promoted the use of, and is almost still by manually realizing, and therefore, production efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
In order to realize automatic forming sand mold, improve the efficiency of moulding sand mold, the utility model provides a kind of full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment.
For achieving the above object, full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment, is characterized in that: comprise frame, guide rail bracket, travelling carriage, swivel mount, drag box, cope, template, magazine attachment, compaction apparatus, compacting ejecting device, the first drive unit, the second drive unit, the 3rd drive unit, template-driven device and hopper drive unit; Described guide rail bracket is arranged in frame; What travelling carriage slided is located on guide rail bracket, and swivel mount is rotatable to be located on movable stand; Drag box and cope are located in swivel mount, and template is located between drag box and cope; What magazine attachment slided is located in frame, and magazine attachment is positioned at the top of travelling carriage; Compaction apparatus is located in frame, and is positioned at the below of guide rail bracket; Compacting ejecting device is arranged in frame; The first drive unit is located between frame and travelling carriage, and drives travelling carriage to slide; The second drive unit is located between travelling carriage and swivel mount, and drives swivel mount rotation; The 3rd drive unit is located between swivel mount and upper drag box, and drives drag box and cope to move up and down; Template-driven device is located between frame and template, and drives template motion; Hopper drive unit is located between frame and magazine attachment, and drives magazine attachment motion.
Said structure, does not need manually to participate in just energy moulding sand mold, therefore, can realize automated production, thereby improve production efficiency.
Further, described magazine attachment comprises hopper and the discharging opening that is located at hopper lower end, and discharging opening is rectangle, and the front and back length of discharging opening is suitable with the size of cope; The second wheel assembly has been installed respectively in both sides, front and back at hopper.Like this, when hopper drops into cope or drag box from discharging opening, become molding sand can drop into uniformly cope or drag box as molding sand, avoided molding sand to drop into the phenomenon that occurs uneven thickness after cope or drag box, affect sand-mould quality.
Further, described compaction apparatus comprises supporting base, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure and hydraulic cylinder piston plate, and high pressure liquid cylinder pressure is located on supporting base, and hydraulic cylinder piston plate is located on the piston rod of high pressure liquid cylinder pressure; Compacting ejecting device comprises compacting release support, is located at the compacting injection block on compacting release support and is located at compacting releases compacting release pulley and the compacting release drive unit on support; Compacting is released drive unit and is comprised lateral driver device and longitudinal driving device; Described lateral driver device comprises the 6th cylinder, and the cylinder body of the 6th cylinder is fixed in frame, and the piston rod of the 6th cylinder is connected on compacting injection block; Described longitudinal driving device comprises longitudinal fixed mount, be fixed on the 7th cylinder on longitudinal fixed mount, guide rod is released in compacting head board and the compacting being connected on the 7th cylinder piston rod, the lower end that guide rod is released in compacting is connected on compacting head board, and compacting is released the upper end of guide rod through longitudinal fixed mount.
Further, the first described drive unit comprises the first cylinder and the first pushing block; The second described drive unit comprises motor, reductor, and the output shaft of motor is connected with reductor, and the output shaft of reductor is connected with rotating shaft, and reductor is fixed on the first pushing block; The 3rd drive unit comprises the 3rd cylinder and the 3rd support, the cylinder body of the 3rd cylinder connects one the 3rd support, the 3rd support being connected on the 3rd cylinder block is fixed on drag box, the piston rod of the 3rd cylinder connects another the 3rd support, and the 3rd support being connected on the 3rd cylinder piston rod is fixed on cope; Template-driven device comprises four-cylinder, template-driven fixed mount, template-driven plate, magnet installing plate, magnet, template guide rod and template guide pin bushing; The cylinder body of four-cylinder is fixed on template-driven fixed mount, and the piston rod of four-cylinder is connected on template-driven plate, and template-driven fixed mount is fixed in frame, and template-driven plate and magnet installing plate are fixed, and is fixed with described magnet on magnet installing plate.
Further, be provided with hopper outlet closing device on magazine attachment, hopper outlet closing device comprises the 8th cylinder, tooth bar, gear, driving shaft and opening-closing plate; The 8th cylinder is fixed on magazine attachment by housing, tooth bar is connected on the piston rod of the 8th cylinder, gear is arranged on driving shaft, rack and pinion is meshed, driving shaft is arranged on magazine attachment by bearing and support plate, opening-closing plate is connected on driving shaft, and opening-closing plate is positioned at discharging opening.Like this, whether the sand material that can well control in hopper drops in sandbox, is convenient to carry out further automation control.
Further, on magazine attachment, be positioned at its left side and be provided with pre-material pressing device; Described pre-material pressing device comprises pre-material-pressing rack, pre-binder block, pre-binder motor, pre-binder reductor, cam, pre-binder guide rod and back-moving spring; Pre-material-pressing rack is fixed on magazine attachment, pre-binder block is connected on magazine attachment by back-moving spring, pre-binder motor is fixed on pre-material-pressing rack, the input of pre-binder reductor is connected with the output of pre-binder motor, cam is located on the output of pre-binder reductor, and cam wheel is on pre-binder block.This pre-material pressing device makes the further homogenising of sand material thickness in cope on the one hand, on the other hand molding sand is carried out to precompressed consolidation, increases sandbox Sand component.
Further, also comprise cast-molding device; Cast-molding device comprises cast fixed mount, vertically moves frame, transverse shifting frame, the 9th cylinder, the tenth cylinder, sprue gate curved lever, pours into a mould Der Laengslenker and pour into a mould horizontal guide rod; Cast fixed mount is fixed in frame; Vertically move frame and be connected with the piston rod of the 9th cylinder, be provided with the first chute vertically moving on frame, the lower end of cast fixed mount extend in the first chute; Transverse shifting frame is connected with the piston rod of the tenth cylinder, is provided with the second chute on transverse shifting frame; The cylinder body of the 9th cylinder is fixed on cast fixed mount; The cylinder body of the tenth cylinder is fixed on and vertically moves on frame; The upper end of sprue gate curved lever is located in the second chute; The lower end of cast Der Laengslenker is fixed on and vertically moves on frame, and the upper end of cast Der Laengslenker is through cast fixed mount; The one end of pouring into a mould horizontal guide rod is connected on transverse shifting frame, and the other end is through vertically moving frame.This structure is convenient to coordination mutually in moulding running gate system, and utilize the first chute and the second chute to be also convenient to regulate the position of sprue gate curved lever is the position at sprue gate simultaneously.
Further, also comprise and connect sand mould device; Connecing sand mould device comprises and connects sand mold frame, is located at the 11 cylinder that connects in sand mold frame, is located at one end that connects sand mould plate and play guide effect on the 11 cylinder piston rod and connects sand mould plate and be connected the other end and connect sand mold guide rod through what connect sand mold frame.This structure prevents from connecing sand mould plate and turns to, be convenient to by sand mold reliably directed drop on connect sand mould plate above.
Further, also comprise that sand mold releases drive unit, described sand mold release drive unit comprise the 12 cylinder that is fixed on guide rail bracket, be connected to the push pedal on the 12 cylinder and push pedal is led push away sand mold guide rod.This structure is convenient to sand mold to release and on sand mold pipeline, carry out pourer's order.
Further, be provided with two pairs of positioners setting up and down on swivel mount, described positioner comprises positioning motor, is fixed on the housing on positioning motor and is located in housing by the positioning sliding block of positioning motor, pinion and rack drives.This structure can guarantee that at compaction apparatus template, cope, drag box are positioned at middle part not when compacting molding sand; But in the time that compaction apparatus will carry out compacting molding sand, template, cope, drag box are made upper and lower compaction movement along four guide pillars in swivel mount, are convenient to the work of automatic linkage effectively of each associated mechanisms, moulding sand mold.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment.
Fig. 2 is the exploded view of full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment.
Fig. 3 is another exploded view of full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of travelling carriage.
Fig. 5 is the exploded view of travelling carriage.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of swivel mount, drag box, cope, template, guide pillar.
Fig. 7 is the exploded view of swivel mount, drag box, cope, template, guide pillar.
Fig. 8 is another exploded view of swivel mount, drag box, cope, template, guide pillar.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of template-driven device.
Figure 10 is the exploded view of template-driven device.
Figure 11 is the stereogram of magazine attachment, hopper drive unit.
Figure 12 is the stereogram at magazine attachment, another visual angle of hopper drive unit.
Figure 13 is the exploded view of magazine attachment, hopper drive unit.
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram of compaction apparatus, compacting drive unit.
Figure 15 is the exploded view of compaction apparatus, compacting drive unit.
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram of cast-molding device.
Figure 17 is the exploded view of cast-molding device.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further elaborated.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment comprises frame 1, guide rail bracket 2, travelling carriage 3, swivel mount 4, drag box 5, cope 6, match plate 7, magazine attachment 8, compaction apparatus 200, compacting ejecting device 9, the first drive unit 10, the second drive unit 11, the 3rd drive unit 12, template-driven device 13, hopper drive unit 14, compacting release drive unit 15, hopper outlet closing device 16, cast-molding device 17 and connects sand mould device 18.
As shown in Figure 3, described guide rail bracket 2 comprises guide rail support body 201 and is located at the guide rail 202 of guide rail support body 201 both sides, and the front end of guide rail stretches out guide rail support body 201.Be provided with described compaction apparatus 200 in the lower end of guide rail support body 201, described compaction apparatus 200 comprises rack-mounted supporting base 2001, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 and hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 is located on supporting base 2001, and hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003 is located on the piston rod of high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, travelling carriage 3 comprises slip support body 301, first round assembly 302, supporting arm 303.Described first round assembly 302 comprises the first support 3021, the first pulley 3022 and the first directive wheel 3023; The first support 3021 is arranged on slip support body 301, and the first pulley 3022 is arranged on the first support 3021, and the first directive wheel 3023 is arranged on the first support 3021 that is positioned at the first pulley 3022 belows; The first pulley 3022 can slide on guide rail 202, and the side of guide rail is between the first pulley 3022 and the first directive wheel 3023, and the first directive wheel 3023 plays a part guiding, can anti-skidding frame 3 getaways 202.Supporting arm 303 lays respectively at the two ends of slip support body 301.
As shown in Figure 6 to 8, swivel mount 4 is box-structure, be respectively equipped with anti-rotation mechanism 40 at the two ends of swivel mount 4, as shown in Figure 5, described anti-rotation mechanism 40 comprises anti-rotation motor 4001, anti-rotation housing 4002 and anti-rotation slide block 4003, anti-rotation motor 4001 is arranged on anti-rotation housing 4002, anti-rotation housing 4002 is fixed on supporting arm 303, what anti-rotation slide block 4003 slided is located on anti-rotation housing 4002, anti-rotation motor 4001 by gear and the anti-rotation slide block 4003 of rack drives in the interior slip of anti-rotation housing 4002, in the time that anti-rotation slide block 4003 stretches out anti-rotation housing 4002, anti-rotation slide block 4003 withstands the corresponding gear of swivel mount 4, can prevent that swivel mount 4 from rotating, also can ensure simultaneously swivel mount 4 after rotation in level.Be bolted rotating shaft 401 at the two ends of swivel mount 4.In swivel mount 4, be provided with more than two guide pillars 402, in the present embodiment, the quantity of guide pillar 402 is four.
As shown in Figure 6 to 8, drag box 5 is slidably located on guide pillar 402 by guide pin bushing 501, and cope 6 is slidably provided with on guide pillar 402 by guide pin bushing 601, and cope 6 is positioned at the top of drag box 5.When after swivel mount 4 Rotate 180 degree, cope 6 is contrary with the upper and lower position of drag box 5.
As shown in Figure 8, between drag box 5 and cope 6, be provided with template frame 71, template frame 71 is slidably enclosed within on guide pillar 402 by guide pin bushing 711.On template frame 71, be provided with template pulley 712.In the present embodiment, template 7 is match plate, and described match plate is located between two template frames 71, and utilizes template pulley 712 guiding to slide.
As shown in Figure 11 to Figure 13, described magazine attachment 8 comprises hopper 801 and is located at the discharging opening 802 of hopper 801 lower ends, discharging opening 802 is rectangle, the front and back length of discharging opening 802 is suitable with the size of cope, like this, in the time that hopper 801 drops into cope 6 or drag box 5 from discharging opening 802, become molding sand can drop into uniformly cope 6 or drag box 5 as molding sand, avoided molding sand to drop into cope 6 or the rear phenomenon that occurs uneven thickness of drag box 5.The second wheel assembly 803, the second wheel assemblies have been installed respectively in the both sides, front and back of hopper can be moved on corresponding triangular guide rail in operation, and the second described wheel assembly 803 comprises the second support 8031, the second pulley 8032 and the second directive wheel 8033; The second support 8031 is arranged on hopper 801, and the second pulley 8032 is arranged on the second support 8031, and the second directive wheel 8033 is arranged on the second support 8031 that is positioned at the second pulley 8032 belows; The second pulley 8032 can slide on the guide rail of frame, and the side of the guide rail of this frame 1 is between the second pulley 8032 and the second directive wheel 8033, and the second directive wheel 8033 plays a part guiding, can prevent that magazine attachment 8 from departing from frame 1.
As shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15, compacting ejecting device 9 comprises compacting release support 901, is located at the compacting injection block 902 on compacting release support 901 and is located at the compacting release pulley 903 on compacting release support 901 and releases drive unit 15.Compacting is released drive unit 15 and is comprised lateral driver device and longitudinal driving device.Described lateral driver device comprises that the cylinder body of the 6th cylinder 1501, the six cylinders 1501 is fixed in frame 1, and the piston rod of the 6th cylinder 1501 is connected on compacting injection block 902.Described longitudinal driving device comprises longitudinal fixed mount 1502, be fixed on the 7th cylinder 1503 on longitudinal fixed mount 1502, guide rod 1505 is released in compacting head board 1504 and the compacting being connected on the 7th cylinder 1503 piston rods, the lower end that guide rod 1505 is released in compacting is connected on compacting head board 1504, and compacting is released the upper end of guide rod 1505 through longitudinal fixed mount 1502.In the time that the 6th cylinder 1501 is worked, the 6th cylinder 1501 drives compacting injection block 902 along the guide rail transverse movement in frame; In the time that the 7th cylinder 1503 is worked, the 7th cylinder 1503 drives compacting head board 1504 to move up and down, and compacting releases guide rod 1505 motion of squeeze board is had to guide effect, thereby improves the kinematic accuracy of compacting head board 1504.Longitudinally fixed mount 1502, the 7th cylinder 1503, compacting head board 1504, compacting are released guide rod 1505 and are formed compacting block main structure body with compacting injection block 902, and form the high-pressure hydraulic structure of compacting molding sand with frame 1, supporting base 2001, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002, hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the first described drive unit 10 comprises the first cylinder 1001 and the first pushing block 1002.The cylinder body of the first cylinder 1001 is fixed in frame 1, and the piston rod of the first cylinder 1001 is connected on the first pushing block 1002, and the first pushing block 1002 is fixed therein a supporting arm 303.In the time that the first cylinder 1001 is worked, the piston rod of the first cylinder 1001 promotes travelling carriage 3 and moves on guide rail 202.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the second described drive unit 11 comprises motor 1101, reductor 1102, the output shaft of motor 1101 is connected with reductor 1102, and the output shaft of reductor 1102 is connected with rotating shaft 401, and reductor 1102 is fixed on the first pushing block 1002.In the time that motor 1101 is worked, motor 1101 drives rotating shaft 401 to rotate by reductor 1102, thereby can rotate by driven rotary frame 4.
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, the 3rd drive unit 12 comprises the 3rd cylinder 1201 and the 3rd support 1202, the cylinder body of the 3rd cylinder 1201 connects one the 3rd support 1202, the 3rd support 1202 being connected on the 3rd cylinder 1201 cylinder bodies is fixed on drag box 5, the piston rod of the 3rd cylinder 1201 connects another the 3rd support 1202, and the 3rd support 1202 being connected on the 3rd cylinder 1201 piston rods is fixed on cope 6.Four the 3rd drive units 12 have been installed in swivel mount, and synchronous working.In the time that the 3rd cylinder 1201 is worked, can promote that upper and lower sandbox opens or closed.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, template-driven device 13 comprises four-cylinder 1301, template-driven fixed mount 1302, template-driven plate 1303, magnet installing plate 1304, magnet 1305, template guide rod 1306 and template guide pin bushing 1307.The cylinder body of four-cylinder 1301 is fixed on template-driven fixed mount 1302, the piston rod of four-cylinder 1301 is connected on template-driven plate 1303, template-driven fixed mount 1302 is fixed in frame 1, template-driven plate 1303 is fixing with magnet installing plate 1304, on magnet installing plate 1304, be fixed with described magnet 1305, in the time that magnet 1305 is set, according to the adsorption capacity of itself and template, multiple magnet can be set.One end of template guide rod 1306 is connected on template-driven plate 1303, and template guide pin bushing 1307 is fixed on template-driven fixed mount 1302, and what template guide rod 1306 slided is located on template guide pin bushing 1307.In template 7, be provided with absorbed portion 701.
As shown in Figure 11 to Figure 13, hopper drive unit 14 comprises that the hopper that is fixed in frame 1 drives fixed mount 1401 and is fixed on hopper and drives the piston rod of the 5th cylinder 1402, the five cylinders 1402 on fixed mount 1401 to be connected on hopper.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, hopper outlet closing device 16 comprises the 8th cylinder 1601, tooth bar 1602, gear 1603, driving shaft 1604 and opening-closing plate 1605.The 8th cylinder 1601 is fixed on magazine attachment by housing 1606 and support 1608, tooth bar 1602 is connected on the piston rod of the 8th cylinder 1601, gear 1603 is arranged on driving shaft 1604, tooth bar 1602 is meshed with gear 1603, driving shaft is arranged on magazine attachment by support plate 1607 and bearing, opening-closing plate 1605 is connected on driving shaft 1604, and opening-closing plate 1605 is positioned at discharging opening, in the time that the 8th cylinder 1601 is worked, the 8th cylinder 1601 drives tooth bar 1602 rectilinear motions, thereby driven gear 1603 rotates, gear 1603 drives driving shaft 1604 to rotate, driving shaft 1604 drives opening-closing plate 1605 to overturn, thereby realize the open and close to discharging opening.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, on magazine attachment 8, be positioned at its left side and be provided with pre-material pressing device 19.Described pre-material pressing device 19 comprises pre-material-pressing rack 1901, pre-binder block 1902, pre-binder motor 1903, pre-binder reductor 1904, cam 1905, pre-binder guide rod 1906 and back-moving spring 1907.Pre-material-pressing rack 1901 is fixed on magazine attachment, pre-binder block 1902 is connected on magazine attachment by back-moving spring 1907, pre-binder motor 1903 is fixed on pre-material-pressing rack 1901, the input of pre-binder reductor 1904 is connected with the output of pre-binder motor 1903, cam 1905 is located on the output of pre-binder reductor 1904, and cam 1905 acts on pre-binder block 1902.In the time that pre-binder motor 1903 is worked, pre-binder motor 1903 is with moving cam 1905 to rotate by pre-binder reductor 1904, owing to being provided with back-moving spring 1907, therefore, pre-binder block 1902 can move up and down under the effect of cam 1905, in order to improve the kinematic accuracy of pre-binder block 1902, on pre-binder block 1902, be provided with the pre-binder guide rod 1906 through pre-material-pressing rack 1901.
As shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17, cast-molding device 17 comprise cast fixed mount 1701, vertically move frame 1702, transverse shifting frame 1703, the 9th cylinder 1704, the tenth cylinder 1705, sprue gate curved lever 1706, cast Der Laengslenker 1707 and pour into a mould horizontal guide rod 1708.Cast fixed mount 1701 is fixed in frame 1; Vertically moving frame 1702 is connected with the piston rod of the 9th cylinder 1704, on frame, be provided with the first chute 17021 vertically moving, the lower end of cast fixed mount 1701 approaches the first chute, and capable of regulating vertically moves the upper and lower relative position of frame 1702 with respect to cast fixed mount 1701; Transverse shifting frame 1703 is connected with the piston rod of the tenth cylinder 1705, is provided with the second chute 17031 on transverse shifting frame 1703; The cylinder body of the 9th cylinder 1704 is fixed on cast fixed mount 1701; The cylinder body of the tenth cylinder 1705 is fixed on and vertically moves on frame 1702; The upper end of sprue gate curved lever 1706 is located in the second chute 17031, and regulate time can move with respect to transverse shifting frame; The lower end of cast Der Laengslenker 1707 is fixed on and vertically moves on frame 1702, and the upper end of cast Der Laengslenker 1707 is through cast fixed mount 1701, in the time vertically moving frame 1702 and move, can play the effect of guiding; The one end of pouring into a mould horizontal guide rod 1708 is connected on transverse shifting frame 1703, and the other end, through vertically moving frame 1702, in the time that transverse shifting frame 1703 moves, plays the effect of guiding.Said structure, in the time that the 9th cylinder 1704 is worked, the piston rod drive of the 9th cylinder 1704 vertically moves frame 1702, transverse shifting frame 1703 and sprue gate curved lever 1706 and moves up and down, in the time that the tenth cylinder 1705 is worked, the tenth cylinder 1705 drives transverse shifting frame 1703 and sprue gate curved lever 1706 transverse shiftings.
As shown in Figure 3, connecing sand mould device 18 comprises and connects sand mold frame 1801, is located at the 11 cylinder 1802 that connects in sand mold frame 1801, is located at one end that connects sand mould plate 1803 and play guide effect on the 11 cylinder 1802 piston rods and connects sand mould plate 1803 and be connected the other end and connect sand mold guide rod 1804 through what connect sand mold frame 1801.Wherein, connect sand mould device 18 and be positioned at the right side of guide rail bracket.
As shown in Figure 3, on guide rail bracket, be provided with sand mold and release drive unit 500, sand mold release drive unit 500 comprise the 12 cylinder 5001 that is fixed on guide rail bracket, be connected to the push pedal 5002 on the 12 cylinder 5001 and push pedal 5002 is led push away sand mold guide rod 5003.In the time that the 12 cylinder 5001 is worked, the 12 cylinder 5001 drives push pedal 5002 to move, and connects sand mold on sand mould plate 1803 and releases on cast pipeline and pour into a mould thereby cause to fall and break.
The operation principle of the full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment of present embodiment is.
(1) before moulding, magazine attachment 8 is positioned at the left side of swivel mount 4, and compacting ejecting device 9 is positioned at the right side of swivel mount 4, and cast-molding device 17 is positioned at the rear side of swivel mount 4.Wherein drag box 5 and cope 6 clamp template 7, template 7 is positioned at the centre of swivel mount 4, template-driven device 13 departs from template 7, and high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 and hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003 are positioned at home position, and the home position here refers to that high pressure liquid cylinder pressure does not eject the position of state.
(2) by motor 1101 driven rotary frame 4 Rotate 180 degree, allow drag box 5 be positioned at the top of cope 6.
(3) starting the 5th cylinder 1402 drives magazine attachment 8 to drag box 5 direction horizontal movements, in the time that discharging opening 802 moves to the top of drag box 5, the 8th cylinder 1601 is worked, opening-closing plate 1605 is opened, sand material in hopper 801 is in discharging opening 802 drops into drag box 5, now, pre-material pressing device 19 is worked, and by pre-binder block 1902, the sand material in drag box 5 is carried out to pre-compacted; In the time that discharging opening 802 moves to the end of drag box 5, the 8th cylinder 1601 is controlled opening-closing plate 1605 and is closed, and now, magazine attachment moves forward, and by pre-binder block 1902, the sand material of drag box 5 back segments is proceeded to pre-compacted; In the time that pre-binder block 1902 moves to the end of drag box 5, complete primary sand and the consolidation molding sand process of adding of drag box 5, drive magazine attachment to return to reset by the 5th cylinder 1402, the action of reseting procedure is with above-mentioned the same, completes to add for the second time sand process after consolidation.
(4) utilizing compacting to release lateral driver device in drive unit drives compacting injection block 902 along the guide rail of frame to the horizontal movement of drag box direction, when compacting injection block 902 move to drag box 5 directly over, and when compacting injection block 902 centers and drag box 5 centers and high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 center superposition, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 is worked, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 drives hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003 to move upward and the edge of jacking cope 6, allow cope 6, template 7 and drag box 5 certain distance that moves upward, sand material in drag box 5 is carried out to high pressure compacting in advance, have on enough hardness carries out to meet sand mold in drag box 5, drag box upset, make cope 6 pack molding sand into.
(5) utilize lateral driver device to drive compacting injection block 902 to reset, meanwhile, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 drives hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003 to reset.Cope 6, template 7 and drag box 5 also move down certain distance, return to original swivel mount 4 centre positions.
(6) utilize motor 1101 driven rotary framves 4 to rotate, allow drag box 5 be positioned at the below of cope 6.
(7) utilize the tenth cylinder 1705 to drive sprue gate curved lever 1706 to cope 6 direction horizontal movements, and control sprue gate curved lever 1706 is positioned at the top at predetermined sprue gate, then, utilize the 9th cylinder 1704 to drive sprue gate curved lever 1706 to move vertically downward, allow sprue gate curved lever 1706 be positioned at position, the predetermined sprue gate of cope 6.In this process, owing to being provided with the first chute and the second chute, therefore, the demand according to running gate system to position, sprue gate, lateral attitude and the lengthwise position of adjustable sprue gate curved lever.
(8) starting the 5th cylinder 1402 drives magazine attachment 8 to cope 6 direction horizontal movements, in the time that discharging opening 802 moves to the top of cope 6, the 8th cylinder 1601 is worked, opening-closing plate 1605 is opened, sand material in hopper 801 is in discharging opening 802 drops into cope 6, now, pre-material pressing device 19 is worked, and by pre-binder block 1902, the sand material in cope 6 is carried out to pre-pressing action; In the time that discharging opening 802 moves to the end of cope 6, the 8th cylinder 1601 is controlled opening-closing plate 1605 and is closed, and now, magazine attachment moves forward, and by pre-binder block 1902, the sand material of cope 6 back segments is proceeded to pre-compacted; In the time that pre-binder block 1902 also moves to the end of cope 6, complete primary sand and the pre-compacted molding sand process of adding of cope 6, drive magazine attachment to return to reset by the 5th cylinder 1402.The action of reseting procedure is with above-mentioned the same, completes to add for the second time sand process after pre-compacted.In this process, in the time that pre-binder block 1902 moves near sprue gate curved lever 1706, pre-binder motor 1903 is controlled pre-binder block 1902 and is automatically reset, the of short duration pre-compacted that stops is moved, in the time crossing sprue gate curved lever 1706, pre-binder motor 1903 is controlled pre-binder block 1902 and is continued motion, utilizes pre-binder block to proceed pre-compacted process to sand material.
(9) utilizing compacting to release lateral driver device in drive unit drives compacting block 902 along the respective track of frame to the horizontal movement of cope direction, when compacting injection block 902 move to cope 6 directly over and when compacting injection block 902 centers and cope 6 centers and high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 center superposition, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 is worked, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 drive hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003 move upward and jacking drag box 5 in sand mold, allow template 7, drag box 5 and cope 6, certain distance moves upward, sand material in drag box 5 is carried out to high pressure compression.Current compacting is all to contain sand mold at cope 6, drag box 5, and its pressure reaches the highest moulding pressure.After high pressure compression, the sand mold in upper and lower sandbox reaches the moulding hardness requirement on 90 ~ 95 right left sides, and certainly, the hardness of sand mold can be selected according to technological requirement.
In the time carrying out molding sand compacting, the transmittance process of its power is: high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 drives hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2002 to put in drag box 5 inside, further sand mold in compacting box, the below of its sand mold compacting template successively 7, and then make the top compacting cope 6 interior molding sand of template 7, molding sand transmits pressure on the combination unit of compacting head board 1504 and compacting injection block 902 in its case, finally arrives frame 1 and supporting base 2001 bears high-pressure, reaches and manufactures sand mold object.Manufactured after compacting sand mold, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002, hydraulic cylinder piston plate 2003 decline and reset.
(10) utilize lateral driver device to drive compacting injection block 902 to move on to certain position, but reposition not also.
(11) utilize the operation principle of cast-molding device 17, from cope 6, shift out sprue gate curved lever 1706 to original position in vertical and horizontal direction.The position that sharp compacting ejecting device 9 moves on to high pressure liquid cylinder pressure 2002 center superpositions compacting injection block 902 more afterwards reaches dodges object, for taking-up template 7 operations are below abdicated space.
(12) utilize the first cylinder 1001 piston rods of the first drive unit 10 to promote travelling carriages 3 and connect sand mould plate 1803 tops to what connect sand mould device 18, make drag box 5, cope 6, template 7 and connect the center superposition of sand mould plate 1803.
(13) four-cylinder 1301 of template-driven device 13 drives template-driven plate 1302 and magnet installing plate 1304 and magnet 1305 to swivel mount 4 direction horizontal movements, when magnet is during near the absorbed portion 701 of template, and magnet 1305 and absorbed portion 701 adhesives.
(14) utilize the 3rd drive unit 12 to drive drag box 5, cope 6 to open, template 7 is showed 71 centres on template frame.Afterwards, utilize four-cylinder 1301 to be with moving platen 7 horizontal movement laterally, template 7 is in motion process, template pulley 712 has guide effect to the motion of template, and template frame 71 stretches out swivel mount 4, therefore, after template 7 is drawn out, some are between two template frames.
(15) when drag box 5, cope 6 are opened and also template 7 horizontal movement laterally after, can place core.
(16) utilize the 3rd drive unit 12 to drive upper drag box to close up, now after template 7 is extracted out, the horizontal parting face of upper and lower sand mold is merged into single plane, and upper and lower sand mold and core are combined into one, and the sand mold that has so far completed clay-bonded sand is manufactured overall process.
(17) utilizing compacting to release drive unit 15 resets compacting ejecting device 9 to make the center of compacting injection block 902, compacting head board 1504 and connect sand mould plate 1803 center superpositions.
(18) utilizing the 11 cylinder 1802 drives to connect sand box board 1803 moves upward, and catch the sand mold in drag box 5, the longitudinal driving device that utilizes compacting to release drive unit drives and drives compacting head board 1504 to move downward, and contact with the sand mold of cope, now, the 11 cylinder 1802 drives and connects sand box board 1803 reset that declines gradually, simultaneously, compacting head board 1504 presses down, by sand mold from sandbox release above connecing sand box board 1803.Then, compacting urges out the compacting head board 1504 of device to reset.
(19) utilizing sand mold to release drive unit 500 promotes the upper and lower sand mold that is combined into one and core and enters sand mold conveying production line and further complete casting process.
(20) recycling the 3rd drive unit 12 drives drag box 5, cope 6 to open, and utilize template-driven device 13 that template 7 is sent into drag box 5, cope 6 space of opening, its pair of case closure afterwards, clamp template 7, then the magnet installing plate 1304 disengagement clamping templates 7 of template-driven device 13 realize and resetting.
(21) utilize the first drive unit 10 to drive travelling carriage 3 to reset.
(22) repeat above-mentioned steps (2) to step (21) and carry out sand mold moulding next time.
Utilize the equipment of said structure, do not need manually to participate in and just can realize sand mold moulding, therefore, can realize the moulding of automation sand mold, thereby improve shaping efficiency.
In order to allow Template Location at middle part, as shown in Figure 8, on swivel mount 4, be provided with two positioners setting up and down, described positioner comprises positioning motor 4011, housing 4012 and positioning sliding block 4013, motor 4011 drives positioning sliding block 4013 to stretch out and retraction by gear, rack structure, after the positioning sliding block of two positioners stretches out, be just clamped in template frame, prevent that template 7 from falling because of under gravity.In molding sand compacting process, in the time that drag box 5, cope 6 and template 7 will rise certain distance simultaneously, the positioning sliding block retraction of positioner; Otherwise positioning sliding block all keeps stretching out state, make template frame remain on the meta of swivel mount 4.
In the present embodiment, due to swivel mount 4, drag box 5, cope 6 and template 7 weight very, therefore, in order to play the effect of buffering in rotary course, on swivel mount 4, be provided with lug 405, on support arm, be provided with buffer 700.
In addition, in the present embodiment, for template-driven device 13, adopt the structure in present embodiment, in the time that needs pull out template 7, utilize coordinating of cylinder 1301 and magnet 1305, in the time template 7 being pushed and will be implemented swivel mount 4 and rotate, because upper drag box can be by template 4 clamping tightly, and template-driven device 13 is to be connected by magnet 1305 with template 7, therefore, template-driven device 13 can separate from template 7, making template-driven device 13 can not follow swivel mount 4 rotates, thereby reduce the space of rotation, simultaneously, can not only pull out template 7, and can smoothly template 7 be pushed.

Claims (10)

1. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment, is characterized in that: comprise frame, guide rail bracket, travelling carriage, swivel mount, drag box, cope, template, magazine attachment, compaction apparatus, compacting ejecting device, the first drive unit, the second drive unit, the 3rd drive unit, template-driven device and hopper drive unit; Described guide rail bracket is arranged in frame; What travelling carriage slided is located on guide rail bracket, and swivel mount is rotatable to be located on movable stand; Drag box and cope are located in swivel mount, and template is located between drag box and cope; What magazine attachment slided is located in frame, and magazine attachment is positioned at the top of travelling carriage; Compaction apparatus is located in frame, and is positioned at the below of guide rail bracket; Compacting ejecting device is arranged in frame; The first drive unit is located between frame and travelling carriage, and drives travelling carriage to slide; The second drive unit is located between travelling carriage and swivel mount, and drives swivel mount rotation; The 3rd drive unit is located between swivel mount and upper drag box, and drives drag box and cope to move up and down; Template-driven device is located between frame and template, and drives template motion; Hopper drive unit is located between frame and magazine attachment, and drives magazine attachment motion.
2. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described magazine attachment comprises hopper and the discharging opening that is located at hopper lower end, and discharging opening is rectangle, and the front and back length of discharging opening is suitable with the size of cope; The second wheel assembly has been installed respectively in both sides, front and back at hopper.
3. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described compaction apparatus comprises supporting base, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure and hydraulic cylinder piston plate, high pressure liquid cylinder pressure is located on supporting base, and hydraulic cylinder piston plate is located on the piston rod of high pressure liquid cylinder pressure; Compacting ejecting device comprises compacting release support, is located at the compacting injection block on compacting release support and is located at compacting releases compacting release pulley and the compacting release drive unit on support; Compacting is released drive unit and is comprised lateral driver device and longitudinal driving device; Described lateral driver device comprises the 6th cylinder, and the cylinder body of the 6th cylinder is fixed in frame, and the piston rod of the 6th cylinder is connected on compacting injection block; Described longitudinal driving device comprises longitudinal fixed mount, be fixed on the 7th cylinder on longitudinal fixed mount, guide rod is released in compacting head board and the compacting being connected on the 7th cylinder piston rod, the lower end that guide rod is released in compacting is connected on compacting head board, and compacting is released the upper end of guide rod through longitudinal fixed mount.
4. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the first described drive unit comprises the first cylinder and the first pushing block; The second described drive unit comprises motor, reductor, and the output shaft of motor is connected with reductor, and the output shaft of reductor is connected with rotating shaft, and reductor is fixed on the first pushing block; The 3rd drive unit comprises the 3rd cylinder and the 3rd support, the cylinder body of the 3rd cylinder connects one the 3rd support, the 3rd support being connected on the 3rd cylinder block is fixed on drag box, the piston rod of the 3rd cylinder connects another the 3rd support, and the 3rd support being connected on the 3rd cylinder piston rod is fixed on cope; Template-driven device comprises four-cylinder, template-driven fixed mount, template-driven plate, magnet installing plate, magnet, template guide rod and template guide pin bushing; The cylinder body of four-cylinder is fixed on template-driven fixed mount, and the piston rod of four-cylinder is connected on template-driven plate, and template-driven fixed mount is fixed in frame, and template-driven plate and magnet installing plate are fixed, and is fixed with described magnet on magnet installing plate.
5. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on magazine attachment, be provided with hopper outlet closing device, hopper outlet closing device comprises the 8th cylinder, tooth bar, gear, driving shaft and opening-closing plate; The 8th cylinder is fixed on magazine attachment by housing, tooth bar is connected on the piston rod of the 8th cylinder, gear is arranged on driving shaft, rack and pinion is meshed, driving shaft is arranged on magazine attachment by bearing and support plate, opening-closing plate is connected on driving shaft, and opening-closing plate is positioned at discharging opening.
6. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on magazine attachment, be positioned at its left side and be provided with pre-material pressing device; Described pre-material pressing device comprises pre-material-pressing rack, pre-binder block, pre-binder motor, pre-binder reductor, cam, pre-binder guide rod and back-moving spring; Pre-material-pressing rack is fixed on magazine attachment, pre-binder block is connected on magazine attachment by back-moving spring, pre-binder motor is fixed on pre-material-pressing rack, the input of pre-binder reductor is connected with the output of pre-binder motor, cam is located on the output of pre-binder reductor, and cam wheel is on pre-binder block.
7. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise cast-molding device; Cast-molding device comprises cast fixed mount, vertically moves frame, transverse shifting frame, the 9th cylinder, the tenth cylinder, sprue gate curved lever, pours into a mould Der Laengslenker and pour into a mould horizontal guide rod; Cast fixed mount is fixed in frame; Vertically move frame and be connected with the piston rod of the 9th cylinder, be provided with the first chute vertically moving on frame, the lower end of cast fixed mount extend in the first chute; Transverse shifting frame is connected with the piston rod of the tenth cylinder, is provided with the second chute on transverse shifting frame; The cylinder body of the 9th cylinder is fixed on cast fixed mount; The cylinder body of the tenth cylinder is fixed on and vertically moves on frame; The upper end of sprue gate curved lever is located in the second chute; The lower end of cast Der Laengslenker is fixed on and vertically moves on frame, and the upper end of cast Der Laengslenker is through cast fixed mount; The one end of pouring into a mould horizontal guide rod is connected on transverse shifting frame, and the other end is through vertically moving frame.
8. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise and connect sand mould device; Connecing sand mould device comprises and connects sand mold frame, is located at the 11 cylinder that connects in sand mold frame, is located at one end that connects sand mould plate and play guide effect on the 11 cylinder piston rod and connects sand mould plate and be connected the other end and connect sand mold guide rod through what connect sand mold frame.
9. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise that sand mold releases drive unit, described sand mold release drive unit comprise the 12 cylinder that is fixed on guide rail bracket, be connected to the push pedal on the 12 cylinder and push pedal is led push away sand mold guide rod.
10. full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on swivel mount, be provided with two pairs of positioners setting up and down, described positioner comprises positioning motor, is fixed on the housing on positioning motor and is located in housing by the positioning sliding block of positioning motor, pinion and rack drives.
CN201420402521.5U 2014-07-21 2014-07-21 Full-automatic horizontal parting removable-flask moulding equipment Expired - Fee Related CN203956029U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104827001A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-08-12 山东时风(集团)有限责任公司 Multi-station sand shooting extrusion horizontal molding machine, molding system and molding method
CN104889341A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-09-09 山东时风(集团)有限责任公司 Multiparts rapid composite moulding machine, moulding system and moulding method thereof
CN106363141A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-01 盐城市汉铜智能铸造设备有限公司 Moving structure for mold installing template for up and down sand shooting full-automatic sand mold casting molding machine
CN106553260A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-04-05 高州市宏俊水泥制品有限公司 Pipe of cement production line with roller vehicle loop wheel machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104827001A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-08-12 山东时风(集团)有限责任公司 Multi-station sand shooting extrusion horizontal molding machine, molding system and molding method
CN104889341A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-09-09 山东时风(集团)有限责任公司 Multiparts rapid composite moulding machine, moulding system and moulding method thereof
CN106363141A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-01 盐城市汉铜智能铸造设备有限公司 Moving structure for mold installing template for up and down sand shooting full-automatic sand mold casting molding machine
CN106553260A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-04-05 高州市宏俊水泥制品有限公司 Pipe of cement production line with roller vehicle loop wheel machine

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