CN203834562U - Roof greening water-saving irrigation system - Google Patents

Roof greening water-saving irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203834562U
CN203834562U CN201420275036.6U CN201420275036U CN203834562U CN 203834562 U CN203834562 U CN 203834562U CN 201420275036 U CN201420275036 U CN 201420275036U CN 203834562 U CN203834562 U CN 203834562U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greening
roof
water
furrow
yuyan
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420275036.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
岳同助
韩志科
辛艳
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SHANDONG LYUDA LANDSCAPE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
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Weifang Lv Da Landscape Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420275036.6U priority Critical patent/CN203834562U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203834562U publication Critical patent/CN203834562U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Landscapes

  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a roof greening water-saving irrigation system. The roof greening water-saving irrigation system comprises rainwater collecting weirs arranged at the four edges of the roof and a plurality of greening beds arranged on the roof; the rainwater collecting weirs arranged at the four edges of the roof are communicated with one another; a tap water inlet pipe is arranged on the upper end portion of the upper end portion of each rainwater collecting weir, while a liquid level switch is arranged at the bottom of the rainwater collecting weir, and a solar panel and a CPU (Central Processing unit) are arranged on each rainwater collecting weir; separators are vertically arranged at the two opposite sides of each greening bed, a plurality of strip-like planting pits are formed in each greening bed, and a water seepage layer is arranged between each separator and a water retaining cover; a water outlet pipe is arranged at the bottom of one end of each rainwater collecting weir, and a plurality of branch pipes connected to the water seepage layer in each greening bed, respectively, are arranged on the water outlet pipe; a drainage container is arranged at the lowest end of each greening bed, a drainage pipe is arranged on the surface of the water seepage layer at the lowest end of the greening bed and connected to the corresponding drainage container, and a float switch electrically connected with the input end of the corresponding CPU is arranged at the bottom of the drainage container. The roof greening water-saving irrigation system is capable of saving water, and also capable of automatically irrigating and determining the irrigation condition.

Description

Roof greening irrigation saving system
Technical field
The utility model relates to greening technique field, relates in particular to a kind of roof greening irrigation saving system.
Background technology
At present; along with the development of national economy; urbanization has had significantly progress in China; for the attractive in appearance and environmental protection in city needs; mostly need city to afforest, and roof greening be not only greenery patches to aerial development, save soil, developing urban space effective way; also be the perfect adaptation of art of building and garden art, at protection urban environment, improve play a part especially aspect human settlement quality very large.
But afforest at roof, plant flowers and plants or vegetables and also have many difficulties, for example water water problems, because roof height is higher, personnel are inconvenient often to water to green plants to roof, and, in the time that roof greening is watered, if do not have personnel to get on, be also not easy to judge the pouring situation to roof greening plant.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: provide a kind of can using water wisely and can automatic-watering and judge the roof greening irrigation saving system of pouring situation.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is: roof greening irrigation saving system, comprises and be arranged on the Ji Yuyan of roof surrounding and be arranged on multiple greening furrow of roof;
The described Ji Yuyan of roof surrounding is interconnected, the setting that is inclined upwardly of the lateral wall of described Ji Yuyan, the inside wall of described Ji Yuyan vertically arranges, the longitudinal section of described Ji Yuyan from top to bottom width diminishes gradually, the upper end of described Ji Yuyan is also provided with tap water water inlet pipe, described tap water water inlet pipe is provided with the first electromagnetic valve, bottom and top in described collection rain weir are respectively equipped with liquid-level switch, described Ji Yuyan is provided with solar panel and control box, described control box is provided with alarm, in described control box, be provided with CPU, wherein, described solar panel is used for providing power supply, each described liquid-level switch is electrically connected an input of described CPU, the output of described CPU is electrically connected respectively described alarm and described the first electromagnetic valve,
The relative both sides of each described greening furrow are vertically provided with dividing plate, in each described greening furrow, be provided with several bar shaped plantation holes, each described plantation hole inner cover is buckled with the retaining cover of bottom opening and top seal, between described dividing plate and described retaining cover, be provided with permeable layer, described permeable layer is lower than the upper end of described dividing plate;
The bottom of one end of described Ji Yuyan leads to outlet pipe, described outlet pipe is provided with the second electromagnetic valve, described the second electromagnetic valve is electrically connected to an output of described CPU, described outlet pipe is provided with some arms that are connected respectively to the permeable layer in each described greening furrow, several plantation holes in each described greening furrow arrange to the other end of described Ji Yuyan from high to low from described outlet pipe, and the height in height plantation residing with it hole of described permeable layer is suitable;
The least significant end place of described greening furrow is provided with a water drainage container, described water drainage container is positioned at the angle place of roof, the permeable layer surface at the least significant end place of described greening furrow is provided with drainage tube, described drainage tube is connected to described water drainage container, described water drainage container bottom is provided with switch, described switch is electrically connected to an input of described CPU, and on the sidewall of described water drainage container, 20mm to 50mm place, its bottom of distance is provided with water drainage pipe, and the flooded pipe of described bat is connected to the gutter of building.
Preferably, described CPU is single-chip microcomputer or PLC.
Preferably, described Ji Yuyan is cement Ji Yuyan.
Preferably, the below of the permeable layer between two of each greening furrow described dividing plates is provided with antiseepage film.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model, when rainy, can collect rainwater by the Ji Yuyan of roof surrounding, and while raining, while thering is no water in the liquid-level switch judgement collection rain weir that the bottom by collection in rain weir arranges, can open the first electromagnetic valve on the tap water water inlet pipe of collection Yu Yan upper end, Ji Yuyan is supplemented to tap water to the top collecting in rain weir, in the time that the water in collection rain weir adds to top, close the second electromagnetic valve, stop supplying water.And control by CPU, the second electromagnetic valve is opened in timing, water to the greening furrow of roof, in the time watering to greening furrow, the eminence of the permeable layer of water in greening furrow flows to lower, in the time arriving least significant end, water will flow into water drainage container from the drainage tube of the least significant end of permeable layer, switch in water drainage container will send cpu signal to, thereby close the second electromagnetic valve, stop watering to greening furrow, need not go up roof by people like this and check, just can prevent too much watering and waste water source to greening furrow.
Roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model, because the permeable layer below between two described dividing plates of each greening furrow is provided with antiseepage film, leaves certain distance between described antiseepage film and described retaining cover.Therefore, can ensure the evaporation that the moisture to watering in greening furrow is exceeded, fully be absorbed by green plants, thus using water wisely.
Because the least significant end place of described greening furrow is provided with a water drainage container, described water drainage container is positioned at the angle place of roof, the permeable layer surface at the least significant end place of described greening furrow is provided with drainage tube, described drainage tube is connected to described water drainage container, on the sidewall of described water drainage container, 20mm to 50mm place, its bottom of distance is provided with water drainage pipe, and the flooded pipe of described bat is connected to the gutter of building.Like this, in the time raining heavily or rain in torrents, too much water can flow to water drainage container, and is discharged to the gutter of building from the water drainage pipe of water drainage container, to drain flooded fields in time, damages the green plants of roof in order to avoid greening furrow are crossed waterlogging.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is that the master of roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model looks schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of greening furrow in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation in the plantation hole in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the control principle block diagram of the utility model roof greening irrigation saving system;
In figure: 1-Ji Yuyan; 2-tap water water inlet pipe; 21-the first electromagnetic valve; 3-liquid-level switch; 4-solar panel; 5-control box; 51-CPU; 6-alarm; 7-outlet pipe; 71-the second electromagnetic valve; 8-arm; 9-afforests furrow; 91-dividing plate; 92-kind is planted hole; 921-retaining cover; 922-permeable layer; 923-antiseepage film; 10-drainage tube; The 11-container that drains flooded fields; 12-switch; The 13-pipe that drains flooded fields; 14-gutter.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
Fig. 1 is that the master of roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model looks schematic diagram; Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model; Fig. 3 is the structural representation of greening furrow in the utility model; Fig. 4 is the structural representation in the plantation hole in the utility model; Fig. 5 is the control principle block diagram of the utility model roof greening irrigation saving system.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model, comprises the collection rain weir 1 that is arranged on roof surrounding and the multiple greening furrow 9 that are arranged on roof.
The collection rain weir 1 of roof surrounding is interconnected, the lateral wall setting that is inclined upwardly on collection rain weir 1, the inside wall on collection rain weir 1 vertically arranges, the longitudinal section on collection rain weir 1 from top to bottom width diminishes gradually, the upper end on collection rain weir 1 is also provided with tap water water inlet pipe 2, tap water water inlet pipe 2 is provided with the first electromagnetic valve 21, collection 1 bottom, rain weir is provided with liquid-level switch 3, collection rain weir 1 is provided with solar panel 4 and control box 5, control box 5 is provided with alarm 6, in control box 5, be provided with CPU51, in the present embodiment, CPU51 adopts single-chip microcomputer, wherein, solar panel 4 is for providing power supply, liquid-level switch 3 is electrically connected an input of single-chip microcomputer, the output of single-chip microcomputer is electrically connected respectively alarm 6 and the first electromagnetic valve 21.
The relative both sides of each greening furrow 9 are vertically provided with dividing plate 91, in each greening furrow 9, be provided with several bar shaped plantation holes 92, the retaining cover 921 of bottom opening and top seal is cheated 92 inner covers and is buckled with in each plantation, between dividing plate 91 and retaining cover 921, be provided with permeable layer 922, permeable layer 922 is lower than the upper end of dividing plate 91.The top of permeable layer 922 is covered with soil layer.
The bottom of the one end on collection rain weir 1 leads to outlet pipe 7, outlet pipe 7 is provided with the second electromagnetic valve 71, the second electromagnetic valve 71 is electrically connected to an output of single-chip microcomputer, outlet pipe 7 is provided with some arms 8 that are connected respectively to the permeable layer 922 in each greening furrow 9, several plantation holes 92 in each greening furrow 9 arrange to the other end on collection rain weir 1 from high to low from outlet pipe 7, and the height in height plantation residing with it hole 9 of permeable layer 922 is suitable.
The least significant end place of greening furrow 9 is provided with a water drainage container 11, water drainage container 11 is positioned at the angle place of roof, permeable layer 922 surfaces at the least significant end place of greening furrow 9 are provided with drainage tube 10, drainage tube 10 is connected to water drainage container 11, water drainage container 11 bottoms are provided with switch 12, switch 12 is electrically connected to another input of single-chip microcomputer, and on the sidewall of the container 11 that drains flooded fields, 20mm to 50mm place, its bottom of distance is provided with water drainage pipe 13, and bat waterlogging pipe 13 is connected to the gutter 14 of building.
Certainly, single-chip microcomputer also can replace with PLC, or relay and timer replace.As everyone knows, single-chip microcomputer or PLC are very ripe industrial control products, and itself subsidiary function is very powerful.Can realize control function of the present utility model completely, therefore, the utility model does not relate to the improvement in program.
In the present embodiment, integrate rain weir 1 as cement Ji Yuyan.Permeable layer 922 belows between two dividing plates 91 of each greening furrow 9 are provided with antiseepage film 923, between antiseepage film 923 and retaining cover 921, leave certain distance, seep water for permeable layer 922.
Fig. 3 is the control principle block diagram of roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model; With reference to Fig. 3, roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model, when rainy, can collect rainwater by the collection rain weir 1 of roof surrounding, and rain time, while thering is no water in the liquid-level switch 3 judgement collection rain weirs 1 that arrange by the bottom in collection rain weir 1, can open the first electromagnetic valve 21 on the tap water water inlet pipe 2 of collection 1 upper end, rain weir, collection rain weir 1 is supplemented to tap water to the top in collection rain weir 1, in the time that the water in collection rain weir 1 adds to top, close the second electromagnetic valve 71, stop supplying water.And control by CPU51, the second electromagnetic valve 71 is opened in timing, water to the greening furrow 9 of roof, in the time watering to greening furrow 9, the eminence of the permeable layer 94 of water in greening furrow 9 flows to lower, in the time arriving least significant end, water will flow into water drainage container 11 from the drainage tube of the least significant end of permeable layer 94 10, switch 12 in water drainage container 11 will send CPU51 signal to, thereby close the second electromagnetic valve 71, stop watering to greening furrow 9, need not go up roof by people like this checks, just can prevent too much watering and waste water source and prevent that green plants is excessively flooded to greening furrow 9.
Roof greening irrigation saving system of the present utility model, because permeable layer 922 belows between two dividing plates 91 of each greening furrow 9 are provided with antiseepage film 923, leaves certain distance between antiseepage film 923 and retaining cover 921.Therefore, can ensure the evaporation that the moisture to afforesting furrow 9 interior pourings is exceeded, fully be absorbed by green plants, thus using water wisely.
Because the least significant end place of greening furrow 9 is provided with a water drainage container 11, water drainage container 11 is positioned at the angle place of roof, permeable layer 922 surfaces at the least significant end place of greening furrow 9 are provided with drainage tube 10, drainage tube 10 is connected to water drainage container 11, on the sidewall of water drainage container 11, its bottom 20mm to 50mm place of distance is provided with water drainage pipe 13, claps waterlogging pipe 13 and be connected to the gutter 14 of building.Like this, in the time raining heavily or rain in torrents, too much water can flow to water drainage container 11, and is discharged to the gutter 14 of building from the water drainage pipe 13 of water drainage container 11, to drain flooded fields in time, damages the green plants of roof in order to avoid greening furrow 9 are crossed waterlogging.
In addition, if in collection rain weir 1 because the situation of long-time lack of water appears in fault, CPU51 can control alarm 6 and send warning, processes by manually going.
More than show and described general principle of the present utility model and principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; do not departing under the prerequisite of the utility model spirit and scope, the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. roof greening irrigation saving system, is characterized in that, comprises and is arranged on the Ji Yuyan of roof surrounding and is arranged on multiple greening furrow of roof;
The described Ji Yuyan of roof surrounding is interconnected, the setting that is inclined upwardly of the lateral wall of described Ji Yuyan, the inside wall of described Ji Yuyan vertically arranges, the longitudinal section of described Ji Yuyan from top to bottom width diminishes gradually, the upper end of described Ji Yuyan is also provided with tap water water inlet pipe, described tap water water inlet pipe is provided with the first electromagnetic valve, bottom and top in described collection rain weir are respectively equipped with liquid-level switch, described Ji Yuyan is provided with solar panel and control box, described control box is provided with alarm, in described control box, be provided with CPU, wherein, described solar panel is used for providing power supply, each described liquid-level switch is electrically connected an input of described CPU, the output of described CPU is electrically connected respectively described alarm and described the first electromagnetic valve,
The relative both sides of each described greening furrow are vertically provided with dividing plate, in each described greening furrow, be provided with several bar shaped plantation holes, each described plantation hole inner cover is buckled with the retaining cover of bottom opening and top seal, between described dividing plate and described retaining cover, be provided with permeable layer, described permeable layer is lower than the upper end of described dividing plate;
The bottom of one end of described Ji Yuyan leads to outlet pipe, described outlet pipe is provided with the second electromagnetic valve, described the second electromagnetic valve is electrically connected to an output of described CPU, described outlet pipe is provided with some arms that are connected respectively to the permeable layer in each described greening furrow, several plantation holes in each described greening furrow arrange to the other end of described Ji Yuyan from high to low from described outlet pipe, and the height in height plantation residing with it hole of described permeable layer is suitable;
The least significant end place of described greening furrow is provided with a water drainage container, described water drainage container is positioned at the angle place of roof, the permeable layer surface at the least significant end place of described greening furrow is provided with drainage tube, described drainage tube is connected to described water drainage container, described water drainage container bottom is provided with switch, described switch is electrically connected to an input of described CPU, and on the sidewall of described water drainage container, 20mm to 50mm place, its bottom of distance is provided with water drainage pipe, and the flooded pipe of described bat is connected to the gutter of building.
2. roof greening irrigation saving system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described CPU is single-chip microcomputer or PLC.
3. roof greening irrigation saving system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described Ji Yuyan is cement Ji Yuyan.
4. the roof greening irrigation saving system as described in claims 1 to 3 any one, is characterized in that: the permeable layer below between two described dividing plates of each greening furrow is provided with antiseepage film.
CN201420275036.6U 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Roof greening water-saving irrigation system Expired - Fee Related CN203834562U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420275036.6U CN203834562U (en) 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Roof greening water-saving irrigation system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420275036.6U CN203834562U (en) 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Roof greening water-saving irrigation system

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105019537A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-11-04 陈思 Roof impoundment and waterlogging prevention system
CN106613749A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-05-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Farmland-rainwater collecting, storing, draining and irrigation saving system
CN107926366A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-04-20 贵州交勘生态园林有限责任公司 A kind of multifunction water-saving formula landscape garden green post

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105019537A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-11-04 陈思 Roof impoundment and waterlogging prevention system
CN106613749A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-05-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Farmland-rainwater collecting, storing, draining and irrigation saving system
CN106613749B (en) * 2016-09-22 2019-12-17 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Farmland rainwater collection, storage, drainage and irrigation-saving system
CN107926366A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-04-20 贵州交勘生态园林有限责任公司 A kind of multifunction water-saving formula landscape garden green post

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: SHANDONG LVDA LANDSCAPE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: WEIFANG LYUDA LANDSCAPE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 261041 No. 261 North East Street, Kuiwei District, Shandong, Weifang

Patentee after: SHANDONG LYUDA LANDSCAPE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

Address before: 261041 No. 261 North East Street, Kuiwei District, Shandong, Weifang

Patentee before: Weifang Lv Da landscape engineering Co., Ltd

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140917

Termination date: 20190527