CN203792448U - Wooden board alignment device for board jointing machine - Google Patents

Wooden board alignment device for board jointing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203792448U
CN203792448U CN201420174601.XU CN201420174601U CN203792448U CN 203792448 U CN203792448 U CN 203792448U CN 201420174601 U CN201420174601 U CN 201420174601U CN 203792448 U CN203792448 U CN 203792448U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
line slideway
board
plate
slideway
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN201420174601.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白立辉
白会彬
高�玉
崔浩
马亚涛
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HEBEI WANDI MACHINE MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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HEBEI WANDI MACHINE MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420174601.XU priority Critical patent/CN203792448U/en
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Publication of CN203792448U publication Critical patent/CN203792448U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses awooden board alignment devicefor a board jointing machine. The wooden board alignment device is mounted on the board jointing machine, wherein the board jointing machine comprises a bottom board conveyor belt and a side board conveying groove with a side board outlet, and the wooden board alignment devicecomprises a linear guide rail of which one end is correspondingly fixed below the side board outlet, and the other end is an inclined downward arrangement in the conveying direction of bottom board conveyor belt; a sliding block is mounted on the linear guide rail, and connected with a power plant, a baffle block is fixedly connected above the sliding block, and the position and the height of the baffle block are corresponding to the height of the side board outlet; the wooden board alignment device further comprises a control device which comprises a sensor connected with a programmable logic controller (PLC), the sensor is fixedly arranged on the bottom board conveyor belt and the position of sensorcorresponds to that of the baffle block, and the output end of the PLC is connected with the power plant. The wooden board alignment device disclosed by the utility model is reasonable in structure, and convenient to operate, and can obviously improve the machining efficiency of the board jointing machine, reduce wooden board waste and lower the production cost.

Description

For the plank aligning apparatus of plate joggling apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of aid of woodworking machinery, is specifically related to the aligning apparatus on a kind of plate joggling apparatus.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the fast development of the industries such as building, decoration, furniture, China's timber demand amount sharp increase, the breach of wood supply is more and more outstanding.In order to alleviate the imbalance between supply and demand of lumber market, people's utility model plate joggling apparatus.Plate joggling apparatus is a kind of machinery, hydraulic pressure and pneumatics utilized, and fritter plank or batten are stitched together, and makes it to become a kind of woodworking machinery of producing required plank.Along with the development of hydraulic transmission technology, Pneumatic Transmission technology, PLC control technology, every technology of plate joggling apparatus also reaches its maturity, and automaticity is also more and more higher.Existing plate joggling apparatus generally all comprises plate feeding device, glue spreading apparatus, pressurizing unit, uniform equipment and the heater etc. that are arranged in frame, and fritter plank or batten finally become through operations such as gluing, extruding, flush, heating, dryings the sheet forming that meets certain specification successively.
In the time producing wooden door and window, furniture; conventionally a strip veneer (being called " side plate " herein) vertically need to be spliced to the edge of a thicker plank (being called " base plate " herein); when splicing; the length of side plate is corresponding with the length of base plate; the width of side plate is slightly larger than the thickness of base plate, makes side plate form L shaped protective layer at the outer edge of base plate by splicing.In the time producing this plank with L shaped protective layer, in order to ensure that base plate and side plate align in the longitudinal direction, existing plate joggling apparatus is all generally using electric saw as uniform equipment, by spliced plank being amputated to a bit of smooth alignment that realizes two planks.
Although this regularity that can ensure product to uniform equipment, need to cut spliced plank, the segment timber cutting down is difficult to continue to utilize, not only reduce production efficiency, increase cost of labor, and can waste a part of timber, be unfavorable for environmental protection and cost-saving.
Utility model content
The utility model technical issues that need to address are to provide a kind of plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus, and to solve, traditional uniform equipment efficiency is low, the shortcoming of waste timber.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
For the plank aligning apparatus of plate joggling apparatus, plank aligning apparatus is arranged on plate joggling apparatus, plate joggling apparatus comprises base plate conveyer belt and is arranged in the side plate delivery chute with side plate outlet of base plate conveyer belt side, plank aligning apparatus comprises a line slideway, line slideway one end correspondence is fixed on the below of side plate outlet, and the other end of line slideway is along the oblique lower layout of throughput direction of base plate conveyer belt; On described line slideway, slide block is installed, slide block is connected with the power set that move along line slideway with movable slider, and the top of slide block is fixedly connected with a block, and the position of block and height are corresponding with the height of side plate outlet;
Described plank aligning apparatus also comprises a control device, and described control device comprises an inductor being connected with PLC, and inductor is fixedly installed on base plate conveyer belt and is corresponding with stop location, and the output of PLC is connected with power set.
Further improvement of the utility model is: on described line slideway, be fitted with linear bearing, slide block is installed on line slideway by linear bearing.
Further improvement of the utility model is: the angle between described line slideway and base plate conveyer belt is 5 ° ~ 30 °.
Further improvement of the utility model is: described power set comprise cylinder, and described cylinder and line slideway are arranged in parallel, and the front end of the push rod in cylinder is hinged by bearing pin and slide block.
Further improvement of the utility model is: on described block, be also provided with side plate and export corresponding roller.
Further improvement of the utility model is: the both sides of described line slideway are furnished with respectively a block slideway being arranged in parallel with line slideway, and the upper edge of block slideway exceeds line slideway, and the upper surface of block slideway is the inclined-plane parallel with line slideway.
Further improvement of the utility model is: the lower surface of described block is the inclined-plane coordinating with the upper surface of block slideway, and the middle part of the lower surface of block is fixedly installed a connecting plate, and described connecting plate is fixedly connected with slide block by bolt.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, the technological progress that the utility model is obtained is as follows:
The utility model is simple in structure, easy to use, by block being set in side plate exit, in the time that aliging with the side plate at block place, unclamps again the base plate on base plate conveyer belt block, base plate is travelled forward together with side plate, this alignment thereof can complete aliging of base plate and side plate quickly and easily, alignment speed and working (machining) efficiency are improved, while adopting the utility model align and splice, without spliced timber is cut, avoid the waste of timber, reduce production cost, be conducive to energy-conserving and environment-protective.
In the utility model, the below of block is provided with the line slideway being in tilted layout and the slide block sliding along line slideway, drive block motion by slide block, can effectively control the movement locus of block, make block motion more steady, avoid mechanical oscillation to cause stop location skew, improved stability and the accuracy of the work of this device.
The utility model detects the position of base plate by inductor, in the time that base plate moves to the position concordant with side plate, inductor sends the signal of telecommunication to PLC, controlled the duty of power set by PLC, and then the motion of control block, this control mode simple and flexible, operand is little, has effectively ensured aliging of base plate and side plate.
Angle between the utility model cathetus guide rail and base plate conveyer belt is 5 ° ~ 30 °, this set can be in ensureing that side plate can pass through smoothly on block, effectively reduce the frictional resistance between block and side plate, base plate, reduced the moment of torsion between block and slide block.In the time that angle is less than 5 °, the block very long distance of need to moving just can move to the below of side plate, now needs power set to have very long stroke, has reduced the flexibility of block motion, is unfavorable for passing through smoothly of side plate, has reduced operating efficiency; In the time that angle is greater than 30 °, because block is subject to the pressure from side plate, connecting portion between block and the slide block of below can produce larger moment of flexure, now larger to the connecting portion stress between block and slide block, and the cooperation between line slideway and slide block is also had to larger infringement.
In the utility model, slide block is installed on line slideway by linear bearing, and because the precision of line slideway and linear bearing cooperation is higher, and frictional force is very little, therefore can further ensure slide block and block traveling comfort and flexibility.
Power set in the utility model are cylinder, the installation direction of cylinder is parallel with line slideway, can make all parts on line slideway stressed as far as possible along line slideway axially, pressure on minimizing line slideway between all parts and line slideway, thereby reduce wear, improve the life-span of each parts.
On block of the present utility model, the position of respective side plate exit is also provided with roller, the sliding friction between side plate and block can be become to rolling friction, effectively reduces frictional force, thereby improves the fluency of work, improves working (machining) efficiency.
In the process of block motion, owing to there are mechanical oscillation, may make the connection between block and slide block become insecure, now block can swing around slide block, and the time has been grown the fracture that may cause block and slide block connecting portion.The side of the utility model cathetus guide rail is provided with the block slideway that upper surface and line slideway are arranged in parallel, and the lower surface of block is the inclined-plane coordinating with the upper surface of block slideway.Arranging of block slideway can be avoided this swing, both improved the stationarity of block motion, improved equipment life again.
Brief description of the drawings
The structural representation of Fig. 1: embodiment mono-;
The floor map of Fig. 2: embodiment mono-installation site;
Fig. 3: the structural representation of block in Fig. 1;
The structural representation of Fig. 4: embodiment bis-.
Wherein: 11. cylinders, 2. line slideway, 21. limited blocks, 3. slide block, 4. block, 41. connecting plates, 42. rollers, 5. block slideway, 61.PLC, 62. inductors, 91. base plate conveyer belts, 911. pinch rollers, 92. side plate delivery chutes, 921. side plate outlets, 93. glue spreading apparatus, 94. pressurizing units.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is done further to describe in detail:
Embodiment mono-:
For a plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus, structure as shown in Figure 1, comprises power set, line slideway 2, slide block 3, block 4, block slideway 5 and control device.
The installation site of the plank aligning apparatus of the present embodiment on plate joggling apparatus as shown in Figure 2, this plate joggling apparatus comprises frame, in frame, be furnished with the base plate conveyer belt 91 for delivery of base plate, base plate conveyer belt 91 tops are provided with some pinch rollers 911, pinch roller 911 is for base plate being pressed on to base plate conveyer belt, to ensure that base plate at the uniform velocity steadily carries.The side of base plate conveyer belt 91 is provided with side plate delivery chute 92, and side plate delivery chute and base plate conveyer belt are positioned in same level and are 25 ° of angles to be arranged.Side plate delivery chute has one can hold the side plate outlet 921 that a side plate passes through, and aligning apparatus of the present utility model is arranged on side plate and exports 921 outsides.The side of base plate conveyer belt entrance one end is provided with glue spreading apparatus 93, and the base plate conveyer belt position crossing with side plate delivery chute is provided with for side plate being crimped onto to the pressurizing unit 94 on base plate side.
Line slideway 2 is fixedly mounted in the frame of plate joggling apparatus, and line slideway 2 is in tilted layout, and its one end is arranged on the below of side plate outlet 921, and the other end is downward-sloping and be 5 ° ~ 30 ° angles with base plate conveyer belt along the transmission direction of base plate conveyer belt.On line slideway 2, be fitted with linear bearing, slide block 3 is fixedly connected with linear bearing, and slide block 3 can be along linear slide on line slideway 2 by linear bearing.The two ends of line slideway 2 are also provided with the limited block 21 for anti-limited slip block 3 slippages.
The power set of the present embodiment are arranged on the bottom of line slideway 2, comprise cylinder 11, and cylinder 11 is arranged in parallel with line slideway 2.The front end of the interior equipped push rod of cylinder 11 is hinged on the bottom of slide block 3 by bearing pin.Cylinder 11 is fixedly mounted in the frame of plate joggling apparatus, does reciprocating linear motion taking air pressure as dynamic Control push rod.
The steel plate that block slideway 5 is 5 millimeters by two thickness is made, and two block plates are uprightly fixed in the frame of line slideway 2 both sides respectively, and is arranged in parallel with line slideway 2.The top of block slideway 5 exceeds line slideway 2, and its upper surface is the inclined-plane parallel with line slideway 2.
Block 4 is placed on block slideway 5, and its lower surface matches with the upper surface of block slideway 5, upper surface with base plate conveyer belt place plane parallel.As shown in Figure 3, the part of the bottom of block 4 between two block plates of block slideway is provided with a connecting plate 41, connecting plate 41 is made up of bar steel plate, connecting plate is fixedly connected with slide block 3 by bolt, like this, in the time that slide block 3 slides along line slideway 2 under the effect of cylinder 11 and push rod, block 4 also can move along the direction of line slideway 2.On block 4, the position of respective side plate exit 921 is provided with a roller 42, roller 42 is cylindrical runners, the thickness of roller 42 is corresponding with the width of side plate outlet 921, the excircle of roller 42 polishes smooth and exports 921 relatively with side plate, and the shaft axis of roller 42 is horizontally disposed and perpendicular with the bearing of trend of line slideway 2.
Control device in the present embodiment comprises PLC 61 and inductor 62.The input of PLC 61 is connected with the output of inductor 62, and the output of PLC 61 is connected with pressurizing unit 94 with cylinder 11 respectively, for control cylinder pressurization or decompression, and pressurizing unit work or stop.In the present embodiment, inductor 62 is Direct Action Type travel switches, comprise driving lever and back-moving spring, driving lever is used for controlling travel switch on off operating mode, driving lever is arranged on side plate and exports on base plate conveyer belt 91 corresponding to 921 positions, and back-moving spring for making driving lever be returned to original position after plank leaves driving lever.The operation principle of Direct Action Type travel switch and implementation are the state of the art, no longer too much set forth here.
The course of work of the present embodiment is as follows:
When beginning, cylinder is in pressurized state, and block 4 is positioned at side plate and exports 921 places, and the roller 42 on block 4 blocks side plate outlet 921, and side plate delivery chute carries the side plate of coming to withstand on the excircle of roller 42, cannot travel forward.When the base plate of coming when base plate tape transport collides the driving lever of Direct Action Type travel switch, base plate just in time aligns with side plate, now Direct Action Type travel switch closure, PLC 61 receives the signal of telecommunication from Direct Action Type travel switch, controlling the pressurizing unit 94 of plate joggling apparatus starts working, base plate and side plate are spliced into one, PLC control cylinder 11 reduces pressure simultaneously, base plate and side plate pushing rolling wheels 42 and block 4 move, the now retraction of the push rod in cylinder, because block 4 is to move downward along the direction of line slideway 2, therefore block 4 moves to below base plate conveyer belt gradually, now block 4 and roller 42 are positioned at the below of side plate, base plate after extruding and side plate can continue to be fed forward above roller 42, until leave base plate conveyer belt.
When base plate leaves after driving lever, back-moving spring drives driving lever to get back to initial position, and Direct Action Type travel switch disconnects, and no longer sends the signal of telecommunication to PLC, pressurizing unit 94 quits work, cylinder 11 pressurizes, and push rod extends, in the time that push rod is elongated to extreme position, the block 4 of motion also reaches the limit of position together with slide block 3, now the roller 42 on block 4 just blocks side plate outlet 921, so that block next piece side plate, until the side plate alignment therewith of next piece base plate.
Embodiment bis-:
Be with the difference of embodiment mono-: the installation direction of cylinder 11 is contrary with embodiment mono-, as shown in Figure 4.
This arrangement is compared with embodiment mono-, there is change in the pressurization and the decompression state that are mainly cylinder, work starts front air cylinder in atmospheric pressure state, along with the motion of base plate and side plate, cylinder pressurizes accordingly or reduces pressure, in this arrangement because cylinder is without being in for a long time pressurized state, have advantages of compared with embodiment power consumption less, operating cost is low.
Above two embodiment are only to two kinds of ways of realization of the present utility model; the technical solution of the utility model can also have other ways of realization; such as roller 42 is replaced with to ball or have fillet fixed block, cylinder is replaced with to oil cylinder etc., this simple replacement is all within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. for the plank aligning apparatus of plate joggling apparatus, it is characterized in that: plank aligning apparatus is arranged on plate joggling apparatus, plate joggling apparatus comprises base plate conveyer belt (91) and is arranged in the side plate delivery chute (92) of the band side plate outlet (921) of base plate conveyer belt (91) side, plank aligning apparatus comprises a line slideway (2), line slideway (2) one end correspondence is fixed on the below of side plate outlet (921), and the other end of line slideway (2) is along the oblique lower layout of throughput direction of base plate conveyer belt (91); Slide block (3) is installed on described line slideway (2), slide block (3) is connected along the power set of line slideway (2) motion with band movable slider, the top of slide block (3) is fixedly connected with a block (4), and the position of block (4) and height are corresponding with the height of side plate outlet (921);
Described plank aligning apparatus also comprises a control device, described control device comprise one with PLC(61) inductor (62) that is connected, it is upper and corresponding with block (4) position that inductor (62) is fixedly installed on base plate conveyer belt (91), PLC(61) output be connected with power set.
2. the plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described line slideway is fitted with linear bearing on (2), slide block (3) is installed on line slideway by linear bearing.
3. the plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the angle between described line slideway (2) and base plate conveyer belt (91) is 5 ° ~ 30 °.
4. the plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power set comprise cylinder (11), described cylinder (11) is arranged in parallel with line slideway (2), and the front end of the push rod in cylinder (11) is hinged by bearing pin and slide block (3).
5. the plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the roller (42) corresponding with side plate outlet (921) is also installed on described block (4).
6. the plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the both sides of described line slideway (2) are furnished with respectively a block slideway (5) being arranged in parallel with line slideway (2), the upper edge of block slideway (5) exceeds line slideway (2), and the upper surface of block slideway (5) is the inclined-plane parallel with line slideway (2).
7. the plank aligning apparatus for plate joggling apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the lower surface of described block (4) is the inclined-plane coordinating with the upper surface of block slideway (5), the middle part of the lower surface of block (4) is fixedly installed a connecting plate (41), and described connecting plate (41) is fixedly connected with slide block (3) by bolt.
CN201420174601.XU 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Wooden board alignment device for board jointing machine Expired - Lifetime CN203792448U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103862532A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-06-18 河北万迪机械制造有限公司 Wood board aligning device for felt-board machine
CN105058524A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-18 南通国全木工机械制造有限公司 Multifunctional working platform of inclined connecting machine
CN107775415A (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-03-09 邝培洛 A kind of workpiece Tui Qi mechanisms
CN111002417A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-04-14 安徽东平木业股份有限公司 Concatenation wooden frame pressfitting drying device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103862532A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-06-18 河北万迪机械制造有限公司 Wood board aligning device for felt-board machine
CN103862532B (en) * 2014-04-11 2016-03-30 河北万迪机械制造有限公司 For the plank alignment means of plate joggling apparatus
CN105058524A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-18 南通国全木工机械制造有限公司 Multifunctional working platform of inclined connecting machine
CN107775415A (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-03-09 邝培洛 A kind of workpiece Tui Qi mechanisms
CN111002417A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-04-14 安徽东平木业股份有限公司 Concatenation wooden frame pressfitting drying device
CN111002417B (en) * 2019-11-28 2022-03-18 安徽东平木业股份有限公司 Concatenation wooden frame pressfitting drying device

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