Driven by Solar Energy sun-shading louver
The utility model relates to a kind of building sun-shading shutter leaf, is a kind of curtain wall sunshade that is applicable to, and by microcontroller, manages the Driven by Solar Energy sun-shading louver of the solar electrical energy generation energy and automatic control motor.
At present, building energy consumption proportion in China's energy-consuming is increasing, and will continue to increase, and due to building energy consumption shared great ratio in social total energy consumption, building energy conservation becomes one of main flow of the energy-conservation tide in the world.Building sun-shading shutter leaf is an important technique measure of building energy conservation, and building sun-shading shutter leaf can effectively reduce the radiation of sunlight, improves indoor photo-thermal environmental quality, improves indoor comfort degree.Curtain wall sun-shading louver divides fixed and movable two kinds: wherein the angle that keeps the sun off of fixed sun-shading louver is fixed, and can not regulate along with change condition such as time or intensities of illumination, does not reach desirable shaded effects; Although active electric sun-shading louver can well be adjusted sun shading angle according to the variation of illumination condition, time, shaded effects are more satisfactory, and Motorized blind blinds, when realizing sunshade, need to consume certain electric energy.Conventional solar electrical energy generation need offer load after inverter or battery, has reduced the generating efficiency of solar energy in transfer process.
According to patent documentation, report, at notice of authorization number, be for example in " the solar energy power generating sun-shading louver " of CN203257308U, disclosed blinds comprises blade, connecting rod, push-rod electric machine, fixed frame and base for supporting, base for supporting one end and installed surface are fixed, the other end and fixed frame are fixed, on fixed frame, be connected with blade, a plurality of blade pass are crossed blade pin and are connected on connecting rod, by the unified open angle of controlling of the push-rod electric machine of installing on connecting rod.The solar energy that it utilizes photovoltaic solar panel to absorb, transforms with battery by outside power-generating control system and stores into available electric energy, and it is a kind of solar energy sunshade blinds for outdoor mounted, cannot be applied in cell curtain wall or double-layer curtain wall.
The applicant is for the problems referred to above, designing patent announcement number is CN202047738U " solar electrical energy generation sun-shading louver curtain ", mainly comprise head track, photovoltaic generation sun-shading louver, drive motors, rope, guiding ladder rope, rope-winding shaft, end rail, peripheral control unit, its technical essential is: on louver lamina, be integrated with solar cell; Sun blind bottom is provided with end rail, has rope to connect end rail and passes louver vane through hole on rope-winding shaft, by the folding and unfolding of Electric Machine Control rope; Separately there is guiding ladder rope that each louver vane is together in series and finally by motor, carrys out adjusting louver blade angle; By peripheral control unit, control motor, peripheral control unit can be manually or remote control switch.This is a kind of by solar electrical energy generation and the technology that curtain wall Motorized blind blinds combines, and can be applicable to the solar energy sunshade blinds of indoor location.Its advantage is: installing space is little, blinds can draw in, put down or adjusting vane angle, has realized curtain wall sunshade and generating double effects.But because its sun-shading louver blade need to carry out lifting by stay cord, ladder rope, therefore solar cell louver vane needs secondary operations to produce through wires hole, at through wires hole position, battery can not generate electricity, louver vane ladder rope blocks position and can not generate electricity.Therefore, this has not only increased the processing charges of solar cell louver vane, and has reduced the generating efficiency of blinds.。
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Driven by Solar Energy sun-shading louver, solved fixed sun-shading louver adumbral effect low, the problems such as Motorized blind transmission power consumption, its reasonable in design, do not need solar energy sunshade louver vane to carry out secondary operations, processing charges is low relatively, and blade is complete, has improved generating efficiency and energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.
The technical solution of the utility model is: this Driven by Solar Energy sun-shading louver comprises the upper side frame being fixed in curtain wall, vertical frame, motor, the motor-driven louver vane that is integrated with solar cell, and the microcontroller of the management solar electrical energy generation energy and automatic control motor, its technical essential is: the direct described motor driving of louver vane generating that is integrated with solar cell utilizes motor cabinet to be fixed in upper side frame, the two ends of louver vane are hinged with vertical frame respectively, the rotating disk that is fixed on each louver vane jointed shaft one end is placed in vertical frame, and hinged by the same coupling bar in bearing pin and vertical frame, the cam being fixed on motor output shaft is hinged with pull bar by bearing pin, the bottom of pull bar and the top of coupling bar are hinged, motor driving cam rotates, drive on pull bar, in the time of lower movement, pull coupling bar to drive dial rotation, drive louver vane synchronously to overturn around jointed shaft separately.
Be integrated in the electric wire that the solar cell of described louver vane is drawn, from the hollow axle end of louver vane jointed shaft, pass and be arranged in vertical frame, electric wire connects motor by microcontroller.
Advantage and the good effect that the utlity model has are: because motor of the present utility model utilizes motor cabinet to hide, be fixed in upper side frame, the rotating disk of the hinged axle head of each louver vane is placed in vertical frame, and hinged with the same coupling bar in vertical frame, the pull bar that actuated by cams on motor output shaft is hinged and coupling bar, drive louver vane synchronously to overturn around jointed shaft separately, so its reasonable in design, do not need solar energy sunshade louver vane to carry out secondary operations, processing charges is low relatively, blade is complete, has improved generating efficiency and energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.Because adopting the microcontroller of technology maturation to manage the solar electrical energy generation energy and controlling motor, therefore sun-shading louver can be realized according to the variation of outdoor intensity of illumination, altitude of the sun angle the angle of automatic adjustment sun-shading louver blade, thereby realize automatically, control, can better realize shaded effects, when outdoor optical photograph is strong, control system is adjusted the angle of sun-shading louver blade, allows more light be irradiated to indoor, reduce indoor lighting energy consumption, realize energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.Motor required drive directly directly provides electric energy by the solar panel on be arranged on sun-shading louver blade, improved the efficiency utilization of solar cell power generation electric energy, saved the consumption of conventional energy resource, other load that the unnecessary electric energy that the solar cell on sun-shading louver blade sends simultaneously can offer in building is used.Therefore, the problem such as it is low that the utility model has solved fixed sun-shading louver adumbral effect, Motorized blind transmission power consumption, is reached for building object clean, pollution-free electric energy is provided.
accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 is along the sectional view of A-A line;
Fig. 3 is that Fig. 1 is along the sectional view of B-B line;
Fig. 4 is that Fig. 1 is along the sectional view of C-C line;
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural representation of motor cabinet in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is that Fig. 5 is along the sectional view of D-D line;
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation of Fig. 2 cam;
Fig. 8 is that Fig. 7 is along the sectional view of E-E line.
Fig. 9 is that blinds in Fig. 4 is along the sectional view of F-F line.
Sequence number explanation in figure: 1 curtain wall, 2 upper side frames, 3 vertical frames, 4 louver vanes, 5 cams, 6 pull bars, 7 coupling bars, 8 solar cells, 9 rotating disks, 10 bearing pins, 11 motor cabinets, 12 motors, 13 microcontrollers, 14 electric wires.
The specific embodiment
According to Fig. 1～9, describe concrete structure of the present utility model in detail.This Driven by Solar Energy sun-shading louver comprises the louver vane that is integrated with solar cell 84 that the upper side frame 2 that is fixed in curtain wall 1, vertical frame 3, motor 12, motor 12 drive, and the parts such as microcontroller 13 of the management solar electrical energy generation energy and automatic control motor 12.The direct motor 12 driving of louver vane 4 generating that is wherein integrated with solar cell 8 utilizes motor cabinet 11 to be fixed in upper side frame 2.The two ends of louver vane 4 are hinged with vertical frame 3 respectively, and the rotating disk 9 that is fixed on each louver vane 4 jointed shaft one end is placed in vertical frame 3, and hinged with the same coupling bar 7 in vertical frame 3 by bearing pin 10.The cam 5 being fixed on motor 12 output shafts is hinged with pull bar 6 by bearing pin 10, and the top of the bottom of pull bar 6 and coupling bar 7 is hinged.Motor 12 driving cams 5 rotate, and when driving pull bar 6 to move up and down, pull coupling bar 7 to drive rotating disks 9 to rotate, and drive louver vane 4 synchronously to overturn around jointed shaft separately.Be integrated in the electric wire 14 that the solar cell 8 of louver vane 4 is drawn, from the hollow axle end of louver vane 4 jointed shafts, pass and be arranged in vertical frame 3, electric wire connects motors 12 by microcontroller 13.
Driven by Solar Energy sun-shading louver is realized the automatic control function of solar electrical energy generation energy conservation and sun-shading louver motor by microcontroller (MCU is the abbreviation of Microcontroller Unit) 14.By optimizing structure, provide electric energy with solar electrical energy generation, reached the better shaded effects of building; The electricity that solar energy sends directly drives sun-shading louver motor, improves the efficiency of solar cell power generation, unnecessary solar energy-electric energy is fed in the electrical network of building, for miscellaneous equipment in building provides electric energy simultaneously.