CN203655152U - Variable-frequency electric driven top driver type rock core drilling machine for geological core drilling exploration - Google Patents

Variable-frequency electric driven top driver type rock core drilling machine for geological core drilling exploration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203655152U
CN203655152U CN201320868719.8U CN201320868719U CN203655152U CN 203655152 U CN203655152 U CN 203655152U CN 201320868719 U CN201320868719 U CN 201320868719U CN 203655152 U CN203655152 U CN 203655152U
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China
Prior art keywords
drive
winch
motor
derrick
electric
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201320868719.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘跃进
潘飞
姜德英
刘晓阳
黄洪波
朱江龙
沈怀浦
何磊
臧臣坤
薛智武
杨硕
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CHINA GEOLOGIC EQUIPMENT GENERAL Co
BEIJING CNNC DADI MINING PROSPECTING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHINA GEOLOGIC EQUIPMENT GENERAL Co
BEIJING CNNC DADI MINING PROSPECTING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320868719.8U priority Critical patent/CN203655152U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203655152U publication Critical patent/CN203655152U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a variable-frequency electric driven top driver type rock core drilling machine for geological core drilling exploration. The drilling machine comprises a platform and a vertical derrick, wherein a salvage winch and an electric driven winch used for coiling and uncoiling ropes and cables are arranged on the platform, an electric driven turntable is also arranged on the platform arranged at the lower end of the derrick, a guide rail parallel to the derrick is also arranged on the derrick, the guide rail is connected with a top driver through a bracket pulley, the top driver adopts a top driver variable-frequency motor to be vertically connected with a drill rod through a connecting shaft, the top driver, the electric driven winch, the salvage winch and the motor of the electric driven turntable are driven by a frequency converter arranged in an electric control room, the motor is controlled in a driller room, the drilling machine is also provided with an engineer room used for monitoring the operation of the drilling machine, and the top end of the derrick is also provided with a rope and cable tension and rope speed detecting device. The drilling machine is driven by an alternating current variable-frequency motor for realizing operations such as rotation, lifting, feeding and salvage, the long-stroke guide rail and rope speed and tension detection functions are realized, the frequency converter is adopted for control, and the high-efficiency and low-energy-consumption drilling operation can be realized.

Description

A kind ofly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of geological drilling equipment, is specifically related to a kind ofly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of national economy, society is to the corresponding raising of the demand of various resources, and along with the continuous minimizing of natural resource, deep layer exploration looks for ore deposit to become the object of mainly assaulting fortified position.In order to tackle the less fast of earth's surface resource, reconnoitring emphasis future will progressively be turned to deep to reconnoitre and develop to excavate the second potentiality of looking for ore deposit space resources by shallow table.
At present, traditional rock-core borer mainly comprises mechanical spindle-type core drill and hydraulic power hair style rock-core borer.Machinery spindle-type core drill adopts motor or internal combustion engine that power is provided mostly, drives gyrator, the hoist engine operation of rig by machine driving forms such as clutch, gearbox, transfer cases, drives feeding system operation by hydraulic drive.Because the main executive component of mechanical spindle-type core drill is machine driving and speed change, cause that its transmission efficiency is lower, gear is complicated, thereby caused the defect of the large poor efficiency of energy consumption; And hydraulic cylinder feed system is limited by hydraulic cylinder travel, need frequent fall bar, easily cause core plugging at the bottom of hole, service working time is lengthened, and gyrator can not double as unloading instrument, the operating efficiency of mechanical spindle-type core drill and job safety performance are limited by very large.
Hydraulic power hair style rock-core borer, its revolution, feed with the mechanism such as lifting drilling tool and all drive with hydraulic driving mode, hydraulic motor is directly installed on gyrator or unit head, and gyrator or unit head move along leading truck, and this makes, and hydraulicefficiency is lower, energy consumption is larger; Meanwhile, due to hydraulic system lack overload capacity, process drilling accident ability a little less than; Be greater than mechanical spindle-type core drill although it feeds stroke, it is still less that it feeds stroke, can not meet complicated probing requirement, and its operating efficiency low energy consumption is simultaneously large, has increased working time and operating cost.
Existing two kinds of form rock-core borers, owing to being subject to feeding system travel limits, are all difficult to the operations such as the long stroke thribble of middle realization is crept into, cleaning bottom of hole, back reaming that make a trip at bad ground above; Lack automatic fork system, cannot realize and automatically add bar and the do mechanization operation making a trip; All lack centralized operation to rig execution unit and real-time storage and the remote monitoring of monitoring and drilling parameter, can not meet complicated probing requirement.
Utility model content
The utility model technical issues that need to address are just to overcome the defect of prior art, providing a kind of drives top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, the operations such as this rig adopts ac variable-frequency electric motor driving to realize and turns round, promotes, feeds, salvaging, possess long stroke guide rail and rope speed and tension force measuring ability, realize high-efficiency low energy consumption drilling operation by Frequency Converter Control.
For addressing the above problem, the utility model adopts technical scheme to be:
For geology core exploration variable-frequency electric drive top drive a formula rock-core borer, this rig comprises the vertical derrick on platform and platform, it is characterized in that, platform be provided with for the electricity of folding and unfolding rope drive winch and salvage winch; Derrick is provided with the guide rail parallel with derrick, and guide rail is driven and is connected with top by bracket coaster; Top is driven and is adopted top to drive variable-frequency motor to be directly connected with drilling rod by connecting axle; The motor that drive on top, electricity drives winch and salvage winch, by the transducer drive in electric-controlled house, is controlled in driller house; Derrick top is also provided with rope tension and rope speed checkout gear.
The utility model is in order to realize the probing of high-speed driving drilling rod, efficient circulation mud, preferably technical scheme has, top-drive motor is provided with the axis of hollow, axis lower end is connected with drilling rod by hollow connecting axle, axis upper end is connected with gooseneck by water tap, and drilling rod, connecting axle, axis, water tap and gooseneck form mud circulating system.
The utility model is in order to realize the operation of efficient control rig, preferably technical scheme also has, driller house is arranged on platform, outside platform, earth's surface is provided with electric-controlled house, in electric-controlled house, be provided with electrical source of power and frequency converter, frequency converter is connected with the distributed substation in driller house by programmable logic controller (PLC), and distributed substation is connected with engineer room by communication cable; The power output end of frequency converter drives with top respectively, electricity drives winch and the motor of salvaging winch is connected.
The operation stroke that the utility model drives in order to increase top, improve the operating efficiency of rig, preferably technical scheme also has, and derrick top is provided with derrick crown, and derrick crown contacts by the fixed pulley group and the travelling block wire rope that are arranged on crown a set of pulley system forming; Reverse torque beam is established in derrick bottom, and reverse torque beam is fixed on derrick back side support beam; One end of high-pressure slurry pipeline hangs on top and drives top, and the other end hangs on derrick side.
The utility model is for the duty of Real-Time Monitoring and control rig, and preferably technical scheme also has, and derrick crown is provided with the tension pick-up for detection of the real-time tension force of rope, is also provided with rope speed sensor on winch; Top is driven to be provided with for controlling the top of driving work in top and is driven body box, and top is driven body box and is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) by communication line.
The utility model is in order to realize the artificial rig work of controlling in real time, and preferably technical scheme also has, and is provided with distributed substation, touch-screen and operating desk for manual control in driller house; Programmable logic controller (PLC) in electric-controlled house is connected with touch-screen and operating desk by distributed substation; Industrial Personal Computer (IPC) in engineer room is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) and distributed substation in electric-controlled house by communication cable.
The utility model is in order accurately to control in real time the operation process of motor, preferably technical scheme also has, electrical source of power accesses electric-controlled house by power circuit, in electric-controlled house, be provided with top and drive frequency converter, winch frequency converter, automatic bit feed frequency converter and salvage winch frequency converter, above-mentioned frequency converter is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) by bus; Automatic bit feed frequency converter is connected with sending brill motor by circuit, bores motor incremental encoder formation closed-loop control by sending; Winch frequency converter is connected with winch motor by circuit, forms closed-loop control by winch motor incremental encoder, is also provided with the winch absolute value encoder that drives height for locating top on winch motor; Salvage winch frequency converter and be connected with salvaging winch motor by circuit, form closed-loop control by salvaging winch motor incremental encoder.
The utility model is in order accurately efficiently to control and to push up the operation process driving, and preferably technical scheme also has, and top is driven frequency converter and is connected with top-drive motor by circuit, pushes up and drives frequency converter by top-drive motor incremental encoder formation closed-loop control.
The utility model is in order efficiently to carry out rig operation, and preferably technical scheme also has, and is provided with the Industrial Personal Computer (IPC) for monitoring rig operation in engineer room; Winch is provided with reel, hydraulic disc brake, for arranging rope-arranging mechanism and the monitoring system of rope.
Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect are:
Drive from the direct rotary drill column in top, derrick space on electric drive top, and send to downwards along exclusive guideway in boring tower, can efficiently complete rotary drilling, circulating fluid, connect the multiple drill-well operations such as thribble, upper shackle and back reaming; Top drive guide rail feeds guiding for top drive system provides long stroke, and bears the rotary torque that drive on top; Electricity drives winch and feeds two functions for core drilling operation provides the lifting drilling tool making a trip, the brill that send of core-drilling; Electricity drives rope winch for salvaging coring tool, adopts AC frequency conversion to drive and controls, and can realize the stepless Flexible Control of rotating speed, pulling force, adopts tension force and rope speed sensor to realize the real-time monitoring of rope speed and pulling force, can complete rig operation by highly effective and safe.
Brief description of the drawings
To be the utility model drive top to drive formula rock-core borer always to scheme for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology Fig. 1.
To be the utility model drive top to drive formula rock-core borer platform plane figure for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology to Fig. 2.
To be the utility model drive top to drive formula rock-core borer electrical control circuit figure for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology to Fig. 3.
In figure: 1, derrick; 2, platform; 3, top drive guide rail; 4, AC frequency conversion directly drives to push up and drives; ; 6, derrick crown; 7, suspension arrangement; 8, derrick back side support beam; 9, travelling block; 10, driller house; 11, high-pressure slurry pipeline; 12, winch; 13, salvage winch; 14, electric-controlled house; 15, bracket coaster; 16, engineer room; 17, top-drive motor; 18, frequency converter is driven on top; 19, send brill motor; 20, send brill frequency converter; 21, winch variable-frequency motor; 22, winch frequency converter; 23, salvage winch motor; 24, salvage winch frequency converter; 25, programmable logic controller (PLC); 26, send and bore motor incremental encoder; 27, winch variable-frequency motor incremental encoder; 28, winch absolute value encoder; 29, top-drive motor incremental encoder; 30, electromagnetic valve group; 31, sensor group; 32, salvage winch motor incremental encoder; 33, rope speed sensor; 34, tension pick-up; 35, distributed substation; 36, touch-screen; 37, operating desk; 38, Industrial Personal Computer (IPC).
Detailed description of the invention
The following example will further illustrate the utility model.
embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, it is a kind ofly directly to drive top and drive formula rock-core borer for the core AC frequency conversion of exploration of geology that the utility model adopts technical scheme, this rig comprises the vertical derrick 1 on platform 2 and platform 2, it is characterized in that, platform 2 is provided with for the electricity of folding and unfolding rope and drives winch 12 and salvage winch 13; Derrick 1 is provided with the top drive guide rail parallel with derrick 13, and top drive guide rail 3 directly drives top by bracket coaster 15 and AC frequency conversion and drives 4 and be connected; AC frequency conversion directly drives top and drives 4 employing top-drive motors 17 and be directly connected with drilling rod by connecting axle; AC frequency conversion directly drives the motor that drives 4, electricity drives winch 12 and salvage winch 13 in top by the transducer drive in electric-controlled house 14, in driller house 10, controls motor; Derrick 1 top is also provided with rope tension and rope speed checkout gear.
embodiment 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, the utility model is in order to realize the probing of high-speed driving drilling rod, efficient circulation mud, preferably embodiment also has, top-drive motor 17 is provided with the axis of hollow, axis lower end is connected with drilling rod by hollow connecting axle, and axis upper end is connected with gooseneck by water tap, and drilling rod, connecting axle, axis, water tap and gooseneck form mud circulating system; In order to realize the operation of efficient control rig, driller house 10 is arranged on platform 2, platform 2 earth's surfaces, outside are provided with electric-controlled house 14, in electric-controlled house 14, be provided with electrical source of power and frequency converter, frequency converter is connected with the distributed substation 35 in driller house 10 by programmable logic controller (PLC) 25, and distributed substation 35 is connected with engineer room 16 by communication cable; The motor that the power output end of frequency converter directly drives with AC frequency conversion that top drives 4, electricity drives winch 12 respectively and salvages winch 13 is connected, and other parts are identical with embodiment 1.
embodiment 3
On the basis of embodiment 2, the utility model directly drives top and drives 4 operation stroke in order to increase AC frequency conversion, improve the operating efficiency of rig, preferably embodiment also has, derrick 1 top is provided with the derrick crown 6 for suspension cord, derrick crown 6 is connected with travelling block 9 by rope, and the other end of rope is connected with winch 12; Travelling block 9 hang AC frequency conversion directly drive top drive 4; Suspension arrangement 7 is for hanging top drive guide rail 3; Reverse torque beam is established in derrick 1 bottom, and reverse torque beam is fixed on derrick back side support beam 8; One end of high-pressure slurry pipeline 11 hang on AC frequency conversion directly drive top drive 4 tops, the other end hangs on derrick 1 side, other parts are identical with embodiment 2.
embodiment 4
On the basis of embodiment 3, the utility model is for the duty of Real-Time Monitoring and control rig, and preferably embodiment also has, and derrick crown 6 is provided with the tension pick-up 34 for detection of the real-time tension force of rope, is also provided with rope speed sensor 33 on winch 12; AC frequency conversion directly drives top and drives on 4, to be provided with for controlling AC frequency conversion and directly drive top and drive the top of 4 work and drive body box, top is driven body box and is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) 25 by communication line, and top is driven in body box and is also provided with for controlling and pushes up the electromagnetic valve group 30 of driving operation; In order to realize the artificial rig work of controlling in real time, in driller house 10, be provided with distributed substation 35, touch-screen 36 and operating desk 37 for manual control; Programmable logic controller (PLC) 25 in electric-controlled house 14 is connected with touch-screen 36 and operating desk 37 by distributed substation 35; Industrial Personal Computer (IPC) 38 in engineer room 16 is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) 25 and distributed substation 35 in electric-controlled house 14 by communication cable, and other parts are identical with embodiment 3.
embodiment 5
On the basis of embodiment 4, the utility model is in order accurately to control in real time the operation process of motor, preferably embodiment also has, electrical source of power accesses electric-controlled house 14 by power circuit, in electric-controlled house 14, be provided with top and drive frequency converter 18, winch frequency converter 22, automatic bit feed frequency converter 20 and salvage winch frequency converter 24, above-mentioned frequency converter is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) 25 by bus; Automatic bit feed frequency converter 20 is connected with sending brill motor 19 by circuit, by sending brill motor incremental encoder 26 to form closed-loop control; Winch frequency converter 22 is connected with winch variable-frequency motor 21 by circuit, forms closed-loop control by winch variable-frequency motor incremental encoder 27, on winch variable-frequency motor 21, be also provided with for locate AC frequency conversion directly drive top drive 4 height winch absolute value encoder 28; Salvage winch frequency converter 24 and be connected with salvaging winch motor 23 by circuit, form closed-loop control by salvaging winch motor incremental encoder 32, other parts are identical with embodiment 4.
embodiment 6
On the basis of embodiment 5, the utility model drives 4 operation process for accurate efficient control AC frequency conversion directly drives top, preferably embodiment also has, top is driven frequency converter 18 and is connected with top-drive motor 17 by circuit, pushes up to drive frequency converter 18 and directly drive top-drive motor incremental encoder 29 by AC frequency conversion and form closed-loop control; AC frequency conversion directly drives top and drives 4 and be provided with monitoring AC frequency conversion and directly drive top and drive the sensor group 31 of 4 job parameters; AC frequency conversion directly drives top-drive motor incremental encoder 29, sensor group 31 and drives body box by top and manipulation signal is transferred to top drive frequency converter 18 and programmable logic controller (PLC) 25; In order efficiently to carry out rig operation, in engineer room 16, be provided with the Industrial Personal Computer (IPC) 38 for monitoring rig operation; Winch 12 is provided with reel, hydraulic disc brake, for arranging rope-arranging mechanism and the monitoring system of rope, other parts are identical with embodiment 5.
Finally it should be noted that: obviously, above-described embodiment is only for the utility model example is clearly described, and the not restriction to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make on the basis of the above description other multi-form variation or variations.Here without also giving exhaustive to all embodiments.And the apparent variation of being amplified out thus or variation are still among protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

  1. For geology core exploration variable-frequency electric drive top drive a formula rock-core borer, this rig comprises the vertical derrick on platform and platform, it is characterized in that, platform be provided with for the electricity of folding and unfolding rope drive winch and salvage winch; Derrick is provided with the guide rail parallel with derrick, and guide rail is driven and is connected with top by bracket coaster; Top is driven and is adopted top to drive variable-frequency motor to be directly connected with drilling rod by connecting axle; The motor that drive on top, electricity drives winch and salvage winch, by the transducer drive in electric-controlled house, is controlled motor operation in driller house; Derrick top is also provided with rope tension and rope speed checkout gear.
  2. 2. as claimed in claim 1ly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, it is characterized in that, top-drive motor is provided with the axis of hollow, axis lower end is connected with drilling rod by hollow connecting axle, axis upper end is connected with gooseneck by water tap, and drilling rod, connecting axle, axis, water tap and gooseneck form mud circulating system.
  3. 3. as claimed in claim 2ly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, it is characterized in that, driller house is arranged on platform, outside platform, earth's surface is provided with electric-controlled house, in electric-controlled house, be provided with electrical source of power and frequency converter, frequency converter is connected with the distributed substation in driller house by programmable logic controller (PLC), and distributed substation is connected with engineer room by communication cable; The power output end of frequency converter drives with top respectively, electricity drives winch and the motor of salvaging winch is connected.
  4. 4. as claimed in claim 3ly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, it is characterized in that, derrick top is provided with derrick crown, and derrick crown contacts by the fixed pulley group and the travelling block wire rope that are arranged on crown a set of pulley system forming; Reverse torque beam is established in derrick bottom, and reverse torque beam is fixed on derrick back side support beam; One end of power and high-pressure slurry pipeline hangs on top and drives top, and the other end hangs on derrick side.
  5. As claimed in claim 4 for geology core exploration variable-frequency electric drive top drive formula rock-core borer, it is characterized in that, derrick crown is provided with the tension pick-up for detection of the real-time tension force of rope, is also provided with rope speed sensor on winch; Top is driven to be provided with for controlling the top of driving work in top and is driven body box, and top is driven body box and is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) by communication line.
  6. 6. as claimed in claim 5ly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, it is characterized in that, in driller house, be provided with distributed substation, touch-screen and operating desk for manual control; Programmable logic controller (PLC) in electric-controlled house is connected with touch-screen and operating desk by distributed substation; Industrial Personal Computer (IPC) in engineer room is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) and distributed substation in electric-controlled house by communication cable.
  7. 7. as claimed in claim 6ly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, it is characterized in that, electrical source of power accesses electric-controlled house by power circuit, in electric-controlled house, be provided with top and drive frequency converter, winch frequency converter, automatic bit feed frequency converter and salvage winch frequency converter, above-mentioned frequency converter is connected with programmable logic controller (PLC) by bus; Automatic bit feed frequency converter is connected with sending brill motor by circuit, bores motor incremental encoder formation closed-loop control by sending; Winch frequency converter is connected with winch motor by circuit, forms closed-loop control by winch motor incremental encoder, is also provided with the winch absolute value encoder that drives height for locating top on winch motor; Salvage winch frequency converter and be connected with salvaging winch motor by circuit, form closed-loop control by salvaging winch motor incremental encoder.
  8. 8. as claimed in claim 7ly drive top to drive formula rock-core borer for the core variable-frequency electric of exploration of geology, it is characterized in that, top is driven frequency converter and is connected with top-drive motor by circuit, and top is driven frequency converter and passed through top-drive motor incremental encoder formation closed-loop control.
  9. As claimed in claim 8 for geology core exploration variable-frequency electric drive top drive formula rock-core borer, it is characterized in that, in engineer room, be provided with the Industrial Personal Computer (IPC) for monitoring rig operation; Winch is provided with reel, hydraulic disc brake, for arranging rope-arranging mechanism and the monitoring system of rope.
CN201320868719.8U 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Variable-frequency electric driven top driver type rock core drilling machine for geological core drilling exploration Withdrawn - After Issue CN203655152U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320868719.8U CN203655152U (en) 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Variable-frequency electric driven top driver type rock core drilling machine for geological core drilling exploration

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320868719.8U CN203655152U (en) 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Variable-frequency electric driven top driver type rock core drilling machine for geological core drilling exploration

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103711431A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-09 北京中核大地矿业勘查开发有限公司 Variable-frequency electrically-driven top drive type core drill used for geological coring exploration
CN106677706A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-17 四川宏华电气有限责任公司 Control method and system for automatic redressing of winch
CN107269261A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-10-20 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所 A kind of seabed drill power head and wire line coring system switching device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103711431A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-09 北京中核大地矿业勘查开发有限公司 Variable-frequency electrically-driven top drive type core drill used for geological coring exploration
CN103711431B (en) * 2013-12-27 2016-04-13 北京中核大地矿业勘查开发有限公司 A kind of for geology core exploration variable-frequency electric drive top drive formula rock-core borer
CN106677706A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-17 四川宏华电气有限责任公司 Control method and system for automatic redressing of winch
CN107269261A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-10-20 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所 A kind of seabed drill power head and wire line coring system switching device

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Granted publication date: 20140618

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