CN103912217A - Hydraulic-drive deep hole coring machine for scientific drilling - Google Patents

Hydraulic-drive deep hole coring machine for scientific drilling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103912217A
CN103912217A CN201410144443.8A CN201410144443A CN103912217A CN 103912217 A CN103912217 A CN 103912217A CN 201410144443 A CN201410144443 A CN 201410144443A CN 103912217 A CN103912217 A CN 103912217A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic
drive
drilling
oil cylinder
driven
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Pending
Application number
CN201410144443.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张伟
贾军
刘跃进
何磊
吴金生
赵远刚
应忠卿
杜江
段玉刚
潘飞
朱江龙
沈怀浦
臧臣坤
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Chinese Geological Equipment Group Co ltd
PROSPECTING TECHNOLOGY INST CHINESE ACADEMY OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Institute of Exploration Technology Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences
Original Assignee
Chinese Geological Equipment Group Co ltd
PROSPECTING TECHNOLOGY INST CHINESE ACADEMY OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES
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Application filed by Chinese Geological Equipment Group Co ltd, PROSPECTING TECHNOLOGY INST CHINESE ACADEMY OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES filed Critical Chinese Geological Equipment Group Co ltd
Priority to CN201410144443.8A priority Critical patent/CN103912217A/en
Publication of CN103912217A publication Critical patent/CN103912217A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a hydraulic-drive deep hole coring machine for scientific drilling. The machine comprises a platform and a vertical derrick on the platform. A power station and a driller room are arranged on the platform, and a main winch and a fishing winch are arranged on the platform. The machine comprises a top drive rotary device and a rotary table turning device. The top drive rotary device comprises a top drive which is matched with a vertical guide rail on the derrick through a bracket trolley, and the top drive rotary device further comprises a top drive folding mechanism used for the rotary table turning device to keep off an opening. The rotary table turning device is provided with an electrically-controlled variable hydraulic motor used for driving a rotary table to rotate. The top drive folding mechanism comprises a folding cylinder and a lower guide rail section. The power station is a standard container, and the driller room is provided with a control board therein. By the arrangement, operating modes of top drive turning and rotary table turning can be realized, operating requirements under different operating conditions can be met, and drilling efficiency and safety are improved.

Description

A kind of hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of geological drilling equipment, be specifically related to a kind of hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling.
Background technology
Along with the development of national economy, the demand of various SOLID MINERAL RESOURCES is increased day by day, people find available resources at the more depths of having to earth's surface; The needs that also have some geological sciences probings, meet the detection of the mankind to earth deep tissue structure, to understand in time the motion change of the earth's crust, can make early warning timely to geological disasters such as earthquakes, reduce the loss that disaster is brought.All need enough abilities and facilitate durable drilling equipment to equip, will have the ability of drilling deep hole, have again the ability of boring relatively large diametric hole.But, can meet rig that the deep hole of these two kinds of abilities can core few.
At present, traditional rock-core borer mainly comprises mechanical spindle-type core drill and hydraulic power hair style rock-core borer.Machinery spindle-type core drill adopts motor or internal combustion engine that power is provided mostly, drives gyrator, the hoist engine operation of rig by machine driving forms such as clutch, gearbox, transfer cases, drives feeding system operation by hydraulic drive.Deep hole rock-core borer requires large to power, traditional machine dimensions drill is subject to mechanically operated restriction and can not infinitely amplifies, not only heavy, and various operating grips are apart from dispersion, rig operating personnel inconvenience manipulation, and operating grip needs very large operating physical force, labor strength increasing.Do not bore ginseng and show and report to the police, in deep well drilling process mesopore, accident probability is larger; Because the main executive component of mechanical spindle-type core drill is machine driving and speed change, cause that its transmission efficiency is lower, gear is complicated, thereby caused the defect of the large poor efficiency of energy consumption; And hydraulic cylinder feed system is limited by hydraulic cylinder travel, need frequent fall bar, easily cause core plugging at the bottom of hole, service working time is lengthened, and gyrator can not double as unloading instrument, the operating efficiency of mechanical spindle-type core drill and job safety performance are limited by very large.
Hydraulic power hair style rock-core borer, its revolution, feed with the mechanism such as lifting drilling tool and all drive with hydraulic driving mode, be generally crawler belt or vehicle loading, emphasize the mobility of rig, more applicable for medium and shallow boring, there is following defect for deep well drilling: mast is few compared with the drill string of short each extraction, the non-cutting time while having increased drilling and workman's labour intensity;
Be greater than mechanical spindle-type core drill although it feeds stroke, it is still less that it feeds stroke, can not meet deep drilling requirement, increase the number of times that adds stacks, and cleaning bottom of hole that can not long stroke, increase the risk of boring collapse hole and bit freezing, increase working time and operating cost; Unit head can be realized high speed rotary to meet the requirement of small-bore diamond drilling technique, but large diameter requirement can not meet deep well drilling perforate time, and moment of torsion is inadequate.
More advanced rock-core borer is to adopt the electrically driven (operated) rig of frequency conversion, and for the high-end rig of oil and oil gas drilling, expensive, rig build is huge, makes troubles to resettlement at present; Top is driven and can not be realized the high speed rotary that is applicable to the small-bore probing of geology, does not have wire line coring to salvage winch, all whole drilling rod will be put forward to coring in hole at every turn, greatly reduces the efficiency of probing.
So, in order to overcome the deficiency of existing rig, need to design a kind of hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling, this rig can be realized top refoulement and turn and two kinds of operating types of rotating disk revolution, can meet the job requirements under different work condition, improve drilling efficiency and probing safety, can realize the efficient convenient control of operation process.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues that need to address of the present invention are just to overcome the defect of prior art, a kind of hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling is provided, this rig can be realized top refoulement and turn and two kinds of operating types of rotating disk revolution, can meet the job requirements under different work condition, improve drilling efficiency and probing safety, can realize the efficient convenient control of operation process.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention adopts technical scheme to be:
A kind of hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling, rig comprises the vertical derrick on platform and platform, on platform, be also provided with power station and driller house, on platform, be also provided with for the main winch of lifting drilling tool and the salvaging winch of salvaging rock core, it is characterized in that, rig comprises top drive turning device and rotating disk slewing equipment; Top drive turning device comprise top drive, top is driven by bracket coaster and is coordinated with the vertical guide on derrick, top drive turning device also comprises and is used to the top that aperture is got out of the way in the operation of rotating disk slewing equipment to drive fold mechanism, top is driven fold mechanism and by folding oil cylinder, top is driven and departed from position, aperture, allows rotating disk slewing equipment to carry out drilling operation; Rotating disk slewing equipment is provided with the automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor for driving dial rotation, and rotating disk slewing equipment can be independent of to push up to drive and carry out drilling operation.The operation of top of the present invention drive turning device realizes the probing feature of high rotating speed and little moment of torsion, rotating disk slewing equipment is realized the probing feature of low rotation speed large torque, can meet the demand of different drilling operations, and the conversion of two kinds of operating types is convenient, can improve the efficiency of drilling operation.
The present invention send brill operation for what realize top drive turning device, and preferably technical scheme has, and the left and right sides of bracket coaster is hinged with the one end that feeds oil cylinder respectively, and the other end that feeds oil cylinder is hingedly mounted on the overhead traveling crane bottom of derrick upper end.Feed oil cylinder and require to control the top level height of driving according to probing, thus realize drilling process send brill operation, top is driven two of both sides and is fed oil cylinder and can keep top to drive preferably stability.
The present invention pushes up in order to realize drive folding to allow rotating disk slewing equipment to carry out drilling operation, preferably technical scheme also has, guide rail comprises the epimere guide rail and the hypomere guide rail that are positioned at same perpendicular, the lower end of the upper end of hypomere guide rail and epimere guide rail is hinged, allows the lower end of lower end guide rail to fold; Top is driven fold mechanism and is comprised folding oil cylinder and hypomere guide rail, the upper end of folding oil cylinder is articulated with on the crossbeam of derrick, the folding lower end of oil cylinder and the lower end of hypomere guide rail are hinged, top is driven and under the control that feeds oil cylinder, is entered after hypomere guide rail, contraction by folding oil cylinder is collected the lower end of hypomere guide rail laterally, pack up thereby drive top to drive with hypomere guide rail is folding, aperture is abdicated and is convenient to rotating disk slewing equipment and carries out drilling operation.
Probing power and drilling results that the present invention drives in order to improve top, preferably technical scheme also has, top is driven and is provided with four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors, the output shaft of four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors drives top to drive main shaft by gear-box and rotates, four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors can drive the power that provides sufficient for top, and automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor can be controlled easily by driller house, can efficiently control the rotating speed that drive on top; Top is driven main shaft and is connected with drilling rod; Upper end connecting tap is driven on top, and water tap is driven in main axial hole and carried drilling fluid by top, the external slurry pipeline of water tap, and the slurry pipeline other end is communicated with slush pump.
The present invention is for can be efficiently for each drives structure of rig provides power, and preferably technical scheme also has, and is provided with fluid radiator and hydraulic oil container in power station; Fluid radiator is that then the fluid reclaiming lower the temperature in input hydraulic pressure fuel tank, and fluid is reused.
In power station, be provided with two main motors, also be provided with the electrical control cubicles being connected with two main motors respectively, two main motors drive respectively two groups of automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pumps, every group of automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pump all comprises the large discharge pump and the small displacement pump that are serially connected, behind the fluid interflow of two large discharge pumps, go to drive by main valve group the work of controlling main actuator, main actuator is for driving, feed oil cylinder, main winch, rotating disk in top, and main valve group is driven, fed oil cylinder, main winch, rotating disk for top hydraulic-driven power is provided; Behind two small displacement pump fluid interflow, drive auxiliary actuator by auxiliary valve group, auxiliary actuator comprises salvages winch, folding oil cylinder; Auxiliary valve group drives and feeds feeding at a slow speed of oil cylinder, and main valve group drives the fast feed that feeds oil cylinder.
In power station, be also provided with a stand-by motor and auxiliary hydraulic pump group, auxiliary hydraulic pump group is combination triple gear pump, auxiliary hydraulic pump group is arranged in hydraulic oil container can save space, acting as of three pumps of auxiliary hydraulic pump group a: pump is to push up 4 hydraulic motors that drive and the rodless cavity repairing that feeds oil cylinder, prevents that stall from damaging hydraulic part for shortage of oil; No. two pumps provide pilot control oil sources for system; No. three pump bores control oil sources is provided for main winch send.
The present invention is for the ease of dismounting and transportation power station, preferably technical scheme also has, and power station is the container of a standard, between power station and each hydraulic actuator, is connected with fluid pressure line, hydraulic pipeline joint is fast insert-pull joint, is convenient to rig dismounting transport.
The present invention is in order to realize the efficient convenient control of rig, and preferably technical scheme also has, and is provided with console in driller house; Main valve group and auxiliary valve group are electrically-controlled valve group, and main valve group is connected with the operating desk of driller house by control circuit with auxiliary valve group; All automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor on rig is connected with console by control circuit respectively.Console is controlled main valve group, auxiliary valve group and actuator by control circuit, realizes the rig operation control of convenient and efficient.
Job stabilization and the accuracy of the present invention in order to keep top to drive, preferably technical scheme also has, and bracket coaster both sides and two junctions that feed oil cylinder are respectively equipped with an angular transducer; Feed oil cylinder by automatically controlled overflow valve and flow speed control valve control in power station.Feed oil cylinder position when inconsistent when what angular transducer showed both sides, in driller house, feed the length of oil cylinder by controlling two of automatically controlled overflow valve and flow speed control valve controls, adjust the job position that drive on top.
The present invention is in order efficiently to control main winch to control rig operation process, and preferably technical scheme also has, and main winch is provided with brake, and brake comprises opens oil cylinder and two groups of drag friction dishes; Opening oil cylinder is communicated with main valve group by pipeline.After unlatching oil cylinder is opened, drag friction dish separates with brake block, and winch can rotate, and realizes and send brill operation, opens folding frequency and the time of oil cylinder control speed and the length of sending brill by control.
The present invention, for can precise monitoring and control the operation process of rig, improves safety and the operating efficiency of drilling operation, and preferably technical scheme also has, and the console of driller house is provided with touch display screen; Derrick top is also provided with rope tension checkout gear and rope speed checkout gear, and rope tension checkout gear is connected with console by signal line with rope speed checkout gear.Touch display screen can be crossed the status information that shows rig operation, is convenient to manipulate rig operation process.
The present invention for the course of work of the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer of Science Drilling is:
The power station that rig comprises platform provides hydraulic power for rig operation, the main valve group in power station and auxiliary valve group by driller house by control circuit control, thereby control the duty of each actuator of rig; Main winch lifting drilling tool, salvages winch and salvages rock core, and the top drive turning device of rig and rotating disk slewing equipment can carry out two kinds of rotary drilling operations; The top of top drive turning device is driven by four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors power is provided, and the folding oil cylinder that fold mechanism is driven on top drives top to promote and departs from aperture, allows out position for rotating disk creeps into operation; Rotating disk slewing equipment also drives operation by automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor.Power station is the container of a standard, is connected, to realize convenient dismounting and the transport of power station between power station and each hydraulic actuator with fluid pressure line and fast insert-pull joint.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
1, adopt hydraulic-driven, the hydraulicdriven volume of equipment of Same Efficieney is less, and has overload protection ability.
2, have two kinds of slewing equipments to push up and drive and rotating disk, top driving can realize the little moment of torsion of high speed and creep into, and is applicable to small-bore; Rotating disk drives provides low-speed big, is applicable to the needs of deep well drilling perforate, and deep hole drilling structure needs major diameter above to reduce step by step bore dia at the bottom of ground, is convenient to setting of casing; Therefore can be applicable to the requirement of different work environment.
3, two kinds of modes of creeping into can conveniently be switched, and have the supporting controlling organization that feeds to be used in conjunction with it, accurately drill pressure in control hole;
4, the oil cylinder that feeds of long stroke can feed by long stroke, and drive on top can long stroke back reaming, improves drilling efficiency, reduces boring accidents;
5, be equipped with can parameter display the winch used of salvaging rock core, be applicable to wire line coring drilling process, greatly improve the efficiency of deep drilling, and effectively reduced the accident in rock core salvaging process;
6, console has touch display screen that can setting parameter, and the parameters number of borer drilling procedure is shown, effectively instructs driller to work; and with industrial controller, collect various sensor signals, through calculation process; can protect restriction to some parameters of rig, and can warning reminding.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer elevation of the present invention for Science Drilling.
Fig. 2 is the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer top view of the present invention for Science Drilling.
Fig. 3 is the power station elevation of the present invention for the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer of Science Drilling.
Fig. 4 is the power station top view of the present invention for the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer of Science Drilling.
Fig. 5 is the power station left view of the present invention for the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer of Science Drilling.
Fig. 6 is the hydraulic system structure figure of the present invention for the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer of Science Drilling.
Fig. 7 is A part partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 6 of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is B part partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 6 of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is C part partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 6 of the present invention.
Figure 10 is D part partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 6 of the present invention.
In figure: 1, overhead traveling crane; 2, suspension rod; 3, epimere guide rail; 4, feed oil cylinder; 5, hypomere guide rail; 6, drive on top; 7, derrick; 8, driller house; 9, platform; 10, main winch; 11, power station; 12, salvage winch; 13, reduction box; 14, rotating disk; 15, container; 16, hydraulic pump group; 17, stand-by motor; 18, hydraulic oil container; 19, hydraulic oil radiator; 20, pressure gauge; 21, main motor; 22, electrical control cubicles; 23, oil circuit connection valve piece; 24, main valve group; 25, auxiliary valve group; 26, groups of motors is driven on top; 27, Fill valve group is driven on top; 28, turntable motor group; 29, send and bore valve valve group; 30, main winch valve group; 31, feed oil cylinder synchronous control valve group; 32, feed pressure regulator valve group; 33, salvage winch valve group; 34, folding oil cylinder; 35, send brill control valve; 36, auxiliary pump group safety valve group; 37, stand-by motor and pump group; 38, main motor and pump group; 39, feed oil cylinder Synchronization Control oil sources valve.
Detailed description of the invention
The following example will further illustrate the present invention.
embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, it is a kind of hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling that the present invention adopts technical scheme, rig comprises the vertical derrick 7 on platform 9 and platform 9, on platform 9, be also provided with power station 11 and driller house 8, on platform 9, be also provided with for the main winch 10 of lifting drilling tool and the salvaging winch 12 of salvaging rock core, rig comprises top drive turning device and rotating disk slewing equipment; Top drive turning device comprises that top drives 6, and top is driven 6 and coordinated with the vertical guide on derrick 7 by bracket coaster, and top drive turning device also comprises and is used to the top that aperture is got out of the way in the operation of rotating disk slewing equipment to drive 6 fold mechanisms; Rotating disk slewing equipment is provided with the automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor for driving rotating disk 14 to rotate.The left and right sides of bracket coaster is hinged with the one end that feeds oil cylinder 4 respectively, and the other end that feeds oil cylinder 4 is hingedly mounted on overhead traveling crane 1 bottom of derrick 7 upper ends.
Guide rail comprises the epimere guide rail 3 and the hypomere guide rail 5 that are positioned at same perpendicular, and the lower end of the upper end of hypomere guide rail 5 and epimere guide rail 3 is hinged; Top is driven 6 fold mechanisms and is comprised folding oil cylinder and hypomere guide rail 5, and the upper end of folding oil cylinder is articulated with on the crossbeam of derrick 7, and the folding lower end of oil cylinder and the lower end of hypomere guide rail 5 are hinged.Top is driven 6 and is provided with four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors, and the output shaft of four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors drives top to drive 6 main shafts by gear-box and rotates, and top is driven 6 main shafts and is connected with drilling rod; 6 upper end connecting taps are driven on top, and water tap is driven in 6 main axial holes and carried drilling fluid by top, the external slurry pipeline of water tap, and the slurry pipeline other end is communicated with slush pump.
In power station 11, be provided with fluid radiator 19 and hydraulic oil container 18; In power station 11, be provided with two main motors 21, also be provided with the electrical control cubicles 22 being connected with two main motors 21 respectively, two main motors 21 drive respectively two groups of automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pumps 16, pipeline on automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pump 16 is provided with pressure gauge 20, every group of automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pump 16 all comprises the large discharge pump and the small displacement pump that are serially connected, behind the fluid interflow of two large discharge pumps, go to drive by main valve group 24 the main actuator work of controlling, main actuator for top is driven 6, is fed oil cylinder 4, main winch 10, rotating disk 14; Behind two small displacement pump fluid interflow, drive auxiliary actuator by auxiliary valve group 25, auxiliary actuator comprises salvages winch 12, folding oil cylinder; In power station 11, be also provided with a stand-by motor 17 and auxiliary hydraulic pump group 16, auxiliary hydraulic pump group 16 is combination triple gear pump, and auxiliary hydraulic pump group 16 is arranged in hydraulic oil container 18.Power station 11 is containers 15 of a standard, and power station 11 uses road between oil circuit connection valve piece 23 and each hydraulic actuator to be connected, and hydraulic pipeline joint is fast insert-pull joint.
In driller house 8, be provided with console; Main valve group 24 and auxiliary valve group 25 are electrically-controlled valve group, and main valve group 24 is connected with the operating desk of driller house 8 by control circuit with auxiliary valve group 25; All automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor on rig is connected with console by control circuit respectively.Bracket coaster both sides and two junctions that feed oil cylinder 4 are respectively equipped with an angular transducer; Feed oil cylinder 4 by automatically controlled overflow valve and flow speed control valve control in power station 11.Main winch 10 is provided with brake, and brake comprises opens oil cylinder and two groups of drag friction dishes; Open oil cylinder and be communicated with main winch valve group 30 by pipeline, main winch action is synchronizeed with unlatching brake.The console of driller house 8 is provided with touch display screen; Derrick 7 tops are also provided with rope tension checkout gear and rope speed checkout gear, and rope tension checkout gear is connected with console by signal line with rope speed checkout gear.
Fig. 6 is hydraulic scheme of the present invention, Fig. 7 to Figure 10 is the partial enlarged drawing of hydraulic system, each valve group in figure adopts pipeline to be connected with actuator, hydraulic power is provided when in figure, main motor and pump group 38 and stand-by motor and pump group 38 are worked, and main valve group 24 is driven groups of motors 26, turntable motor group 28 with top respectively, is sent and bore control valve 35, send and bore valve valve group 29, main winch valve group 30, feed oil cylinder synchronous control valve group 31 and feed oil cylinder 4 and be connected by pipeline; Auxiliary valve group 25 is connected with salvaging winch valve group 33, folding oil cylinder 34 respectively by pipeline; Stand-by motor and pump group 37 are that Fill valve group 27 is driven for fluid in auxiliary pump group safety valve group 36 and top, and auxiliary pump group safety valve group 36 limits respectively its hydraulic fluid pressure for auxiliary pump group; Hydraulic oil container 18 is provided with hydraulic oil radiator 19.Feed oil cylinder Synchronization Control oil sources valve 39, effect is to provide controlled pressure oil for feeding oil cylinder Synchronization Control.
Finally it should be noted that: obviously, above-described embodiment is only for example of the present invention is clearly described, and the not restriction to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here without also giving exhaustive to all embodiments.And the apparent variation of being amplified out thus or variation are still among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling, rig comprises the vertical derrick on platform and platform, on platform, be also provided with power station and driller house, on platform, be also provided with for the main winch of lifting drilling tool and the salvaging winch of salvaging rock core, it is characterized in that, rig comprises top drive turning device and rotating disk slewing equipment; Top drive turning device comprises that top drives, and top is driven by bracket coaster and coordinated with the vertical guide on derrick, and top drive turning device also comprises and is used to the top that aperture is got out of the way in the operation of rotating disk slewing equipment to drive fold mechanism; Rotating disk slewing equipment is provided with the automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor for driving dial rotation.
2. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the left and right sides of bracket coaster is hinged with the one end that feeds oil cylinder respectively, and the other end that feeds oil cylinder is hingedly mounted on the overhead traveling crane bottom of derrick upper end.
3. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, guide rail comprises the epimere guide rail and the hypomere guide rail that are positioned at same perpendicular, and the lower end of the upper end of hypomere guide rail and epimere guide rail is hinged; Top is driven fold mechanism and is comprised folding oil cylinder and hypomere guide rail, and the upper end of folding oil cylinder is articulated with on the crossbeam of derrick, and the folding lower end of oil cylinder and the lower end of hypomere guide rail are hinged.
4. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, top is driven and is provided with four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors, and the output shaft of four automatically controlled variable hydraulic motors drives top to drive main shaft by gear-box and rotates, and top is driven main shaft and is connected with drilling rod; Upper end connecting tap is driven on top, and water tap is driven in main axial hole and carried drilling fluid by top, the external slurry pipeline of water tap, and the slurry pipeline other end is communicated with slush pump.
5. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, is provided with fluid radiator and hydraulic oil container in power station;
In power station, be provided with two main motors, also be provided with the electrical control cubicles being connected with two main motors respectively, two main motors drive respectively two groups of automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pumps, every group of automatically controlled volume adjustable hydraulic pump all comprises the large discharge pump and the small displacement pump that are serially connected, behind the fluid interflow of two large discharge pumps, go to drive by main valve group and control main actuator operation, main actuator is for driving, feed oil cylinder, main winch, rotating disk in top; Behind two small displacement pump fluid interflow, drive auxiliary actuator by auxiliary valve group, auxiliary actuator comprises salvages winch, folding oil cylinder;
In power station, be also provided with a stand-by motor and auxiliary hydraulic pump group, auxiliary hydraulic pump group is combination triple gear pump, and auxiliary hydraulic pump group is arranged in hydraulic oil container.
6. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, power station is the container of a standard, between power station and each hydraulic actuator, is connected with fluid pressure line, and hydraulic pipeline joint is fast insert-pull joint.
7. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that, is provided with console in driller house; Main valve group and auxiliary valve group are electrically-controlled valve group, and main valve group is connected with the operating desk of driller house by control circuit with auxiliary valve group; All automatically controlled variable hydraulic motor on rig is connected with console by control circuit respectively.
8. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that, bracket coaster both sides and two junctions that feed oil cylinder are respectively equipped with an angular transducer; Feed oil cylinder by automatically controlled overflow valve and flow speed control valve control in power station.
9. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, main winch is provided with brake, and brake comprises opens oil cylinder and two groups of drag friction dishes; Opening oil cylinder is communicated with main valve group by pipeline.
10. the hydraulic-driven deep hole rock-core borer for Science Drilling as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, the console of driller house is provided with touch display screen; Derrick top is also provided with rope tension checkout gear and rope speed checkout gear, and rope tension checkout gear is connected with console by signal line with rope speed checkout gear.
CN201410144443.8A 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Hydraulic-drive deep hole coring machine for scientific drilling Pending CN103912217A (en)

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Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106437490A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-22 中石化石油工程机械有限公司研究院 Integrated hydraulic power system for mechanical drilling machine
CN106542450A (en) * 2016-03-02 2017-03-29 徐工集团工程机械有限公司 Rotary drilling rig and its anti-lost speed control method, device and system
CN107922039A (en) * 2015-09-03 2018-04-17 三星重工业株式会社 Drilling rig
CN110578486A (en) * 2018-06-11 2019-12-17 广州海洋地质调查局 Drilling coring device and method thereof, and offshore floating platform

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Application publication date: 20140709