CN203629241U - Vacuum drying tower - Google Patents

Vacuum drying tower Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203629241U
CN203629241U CN 201420000284 CN201420000284U CN203629241U CN 203629241 U CN203629241 U CN 203629241U CN 201420000284 CN201420000284 CN 201420000284 CN 201420000284 U CN201420000284 U CN 201420000284U CN 203629241 U CN203629241 U CN 203629241U
Authority
CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
vacuum
heat
drying
chamber
means
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201420000284
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程长青
Original Assignee
程长青
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation
    • Y02P60/853Drying

Abstract

The utility model provides a vacuum drying tower which consists of a vacuum pre-heating bin, a vacuum drying bin, a vacuum cooling bin, a discharging valve, a heat conducting pipe, a heat cycle pump, a hopper, a support, a heat conducting inlet, a heat conducting outlet, a vacuum heat conducting heat-radiation device, a vacuum heat exchange heat-radiation device, an exhausting device of the vacuum drying tower and a grain discharging device. Materials are fed into the vacuum pre-heating bin, the vacuum drying bin and the vacuum cooling bin through the hopper and the discharging valve to be subjected to pre-heating, drying and cooling. The exhausting device of the vacuum drying tower plays a role of a gas buffering tank by reserving a separation distance between an exhausting baffle and the bin body inner wall and can play a heat preservation role of an in-bin heat preservation layer, an out-of-bin heat preservation material is further used as the heat preservation layer, and the in-bin temperature is not easily lost. The heat conducting speed, heat radiating speed and heating speed in the bins are high. Exhausting and moisture removal are quick, the vacuum degree in the bins is high, the moisture vaporization temperature is low, and heat energy required by drying is decreased greatly. Waste heat utilization rate is high, operation is simple, the drying time is shortened, the processing cost is greatly reduced, the material quality is ensured through low-temperature drying, and the vacuum drying tower provides environment-friendly drying, saves energy and reduces emission.

Description

真空烘干塔 Vacuum Dryer

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及是一种烘干设备,具体是一种真空烘干塔。 [0001] The present invention relates to a drying apparatus, in particular a vacuum drying tower.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现在市场上烘干物料用的烘干机、烘干塔均采用高温强风烘干,干燥工艺流程为顺流、混流、逆流及组合型热风进行粮食烘干,整个烘干过程为常压式,存在烘干设备体积大、热能利用率低、功耗大、余热得不到利用、干燥后品质差、烘干时间长等问题。 [0002] Now the market with a dry mass of the dryer, dry wind towers are made of strong drying temperature, drying process is co-current, mixed, and combinations countercurrent hot air type drying grain, the entire drying process is normally compression, the presence of a large volume of drying equipment, low energy use, power consumption, heat can not be utilized, the difference between the quality of the dried, long drying time and so on.

[0003] 针对这种情况,人们采用了真空烘干技术,在低压的真空状态下给物料进行真空低温干燥,解决了热风温度高、物料烘干后品质差的问题;现在市场上的真空烘干的加热都是平行摆放的金属排管散热,导热散热效率低,排气效率低,真空度不好控制造成水汽化温度升高,烘干所需热能就增加很多,余热得不到利用。 [0003] For this case, it uses the technology of vacuum drying, low temperature vacuum drying the material in a vacuum to a low pressure, high temperature of hot air to solve, the problem of poor quality material drying; vacuum drying now on the market dry heating is placed parallel to the metal tube row heat, low thermal dissipation efficiency, low exhaust efficiency, resulting in poor control of the degree of vacuum vapor temperature rises, the required drying energy is increased a lot, not using heat .

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本实用新型的目的是克服现有真空烘干技术存在的不足,提供一种结构简单、导热散热效率高、余热利用高、排气效率高、低温干燥烘干后物料品质高的真空烘干塔; [0004] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art vacuum drying, to provide a simple structure, high thermal radiation efficiency, high heat utilization, high exhaust efficiency, low-temperature drying after drying material of high quality vacuum drying tower;

[0005] 本实用新型真空烘干塔是通过下述技术方案实现的,真空烘干塔由真空干燥仓、真空预热仓、真空冷却仓、真空导热散热装置、卸料阀门、真空烘干塔的排气装置、真空换热散热装置、导热管、热循环泵、料斗、支架、排粮装置组成; [0005] The present invention is a vacuum drying column by the following technical solutions implemented by the vacuum drying tower dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge, cartridge vacuum cooling, vacuum thermal cooling means, discharge valve, vacuum drying tower exhaust device, vacuum heat radiating means, the heat transfer tubes, heat circulation pump, hopper, holder, composed of grain discharge means;

[0006] 1、真空烘干塔由支架依次由下向上的安装真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓;真空预热仓在烘干塔上面的第一位置;真空干燥仓在真空预热仓和真空冷却仓之间,真空冷却仓在烘干塔下面位置;真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓之间有卸料阀门固定连接;真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓由支架依次固定支撑。 [0006] 1, vacuum drying tower from the bottom up in turn by a bracket mounted vacuum cooling cartridge, cartridge vacuum drying, preheating vacuum cartridge; vacuum preheating cartridge in the first position of the drying column above; pre-dried in vacuo vacuum chamber cooling heat between the cartridge and the vacuum bins, bin vacuum cooling in a lower position dryer; discharge valve has a fixed connection between the vacuum cooling bin, dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge; vacuum cooling cartridge, cartridge vacuum drying, vacuum pre heat-fixing the cartridge in turn supported by the bracket.

[0007] 所述的真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓的仓体的制作材质是3—25mm的碳钢钢板、或者是3 — 25mm的不锈钢钢板;仓体的外面安装的保温材料起到保温作用; Vacuum cartridge according to cool [0007], dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge cartridge body material is made of carbon steel plate 3-25mm, or 3 - 25mm stainless steel plate; insulation material outside the cartridge body is mounted play the role of insulation;

[0008] 真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓的横截面形状是方形状,或者是圆形状;真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓的两端是锥形状。 [0008] The cross-sectional shape of the vacuum cartridge cooling, dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge is a square shape, or a circular shape; vacuum cooling compartment ends, dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge is tapered.

[0009] 所述的排粮装置是由电机、变速箱、转板、链条、齿轮等组成;转板安装在真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓的仓内,电机、变速箱、链条、齿轮安装在真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓的仓外;1、转板是带有叶片的轴,轴的两端有轴承支撑,一端密封在仓体内,另一端延伸出仓体的轴上安装有齿轮;2、电机通过变速箱、链条、齿轮带动转板运转;3、排粮装置安装在真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热仓的下端;4、排粮装置将真空冷却仓、真空干燥仓、真空预热的仓内所烘干的物料均匀向下排放,物料能够均匀烘干,烘干后含水分是一个标准。 Grain discharge apparatus [0009] is determined by the motors, gearboxes, rotating plate, chain, gear, etc; rotating plate mounted within the bin vacuum cooling, dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge cartridge, motors, gearboxes, chain gears installed outside the vacuum cartridge cooling, dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating cartridge magazine; 1, a flap shaft with blades, the ends of the shaft with a bearing supporting one end of the sealing body in the cartridge, and the other end extending the cartridge body mounting shaft gear; 2, motor through a gearbox, chain, gear turns the operation switch panel; 3, grain discharge means installed in the vacuum cooling bin, dry vacuum, the vacuum preheating the lower end of the cartridge; 4, grain discharge the vacuum cooling apparatus bin, dry vacuum, the vacuum drying of the preheating cartridge material evenly discharged downward, the material can be uniformly dried, moisture content after drying is a standard.

[0010] 2、真空预热仓上端依次安装着卸料阀门、料斗,下端由卸料阀门固定连接着真空干燥仓;真空预热仓里面安装有真空换热散热装置、真空烘干塔的排气装置、排粮装置;真空换热散热装置的导热出口、导热进口延伸出在预热仓的仓体外面,真空换热散热装置的导热出口、导热进口通过导热管连接到加热装置、换热装置;真空烘干塔的排气装置的排气出口固定安装在真空预热仓的仓体外面。 [0010] 2, the upper end of the preheating cartridge vacuum discharge valves mounted sequentially, the hopper, the lower end of the fixed unloading valve is connected to the dry vacuum; vacuum cartridge preheating heat exchanger installed inside a vacuum apparatus, a vacuum drying tower discharge gas means grain discharge means; the thermally conductive heat radiating means outlet vacuum, the thermally conductive inlet extending outside of the cartridge body preheating cartridge, the thermally conductive heat radiating means vacuum outlet, a heating device thermally connected to the inlet through the heat transfer tube, the heat exchanger means; exhaust outlet exhaust means of vacuum drying tower is fixedly mounted outside the vacuum cartridge body preheating cartridge.

[0011] 3、真空干燥仓里面安装有真空导热散热装置、真空烘干塔的排气装置、排粮装置;真空导热散热装置的导热出口、导热进口延伸出在干燥仓仓体的外面,真空导热散热装置的导热出口、导热进口通过导热管连接到加热装置、换热装置;真空烘干塔的排气装置的排气出口固定安装在真空干燥仓仓体的外面。 [0011] 3, dry vacuum mounted inside a vacuum thermal cooling means, exhaust means of vacuum drying tower, the grain discharge means; thermally outlet vacuum thermal cooling means, the thermally conductive inlet extending outside of the cartridge body cartridge dried in vacuo thermal cooling heat conducting outlet means, the inlet pipe thermally connected to the heating means, by a heat exchanger means; vacuum exhaust outlet exhaust means is fixedly mounted in the drying tower dry vacuum outside the cartridge body.

[0012] 4、真空冷却仓下端依次安装有卸料阀门和料斗,上端通过卸料阀门固定连接着真空干燥仓;真空冷却仓里面安装有真空换热散热装置、真空烘干塔的排气装置、排粮装置;真空换热散热装置的导热出口、导热进口延伸出在冷却仓仓体的外面,真空换热散热装置的导热出口、导热进口通过导热管连接到加热装置、换热装置;真空烘干塔的排气装置的排气出口固定安装在真空冷却仓仓体的外面; [0012] 4, the lower end of the cartridge are sequentially vacuum cooling valves and the discharge hopper is mounted, through the discharge valve fixed to the upper end connected to vacuum drying cartridge; vacuum cooling cartridge is mounted inside the vacuum heat radiating means, exhaust means of vacuum drying column , grain discharge means; thermally outlet vacuum heat dissipation device, thermal cooling inlet extending outside of the cartridge the cartridge body, the thermally conductive heat radiating means vacuum outlet, a heating device thermally connected to the inlet, through the heat transfer tube heat exchange means; vacuo an exhaust outlet of exhaust drying tower cooling fixedly mounted outside the vacuum cartridge in the cartridge body;

[0013] 5、导热出口、导热进口连接到导热管,可以用来将锅炉、热风炉、电热器等加热装置、换热装置所产生的热能来进行导热、散热、加热。 [0013] 5, the thermally conductive outlet connected to the inlet to the thermally conductive heat transfer tube can be used to heat a boiler, stove, electric heater and other heating means, heat exchange means to the generated heat conduction, heat radiation, heat.

[0014] 所述的支架的制作材质是金属; [0014] The scaffold is made of metal material;

[0015] 所述的卸料阀门是高气密型的叶轮闭风器,或者是高气密型卸料阀门;卸料阀门将物料连续不断输入、排出,其高气密型的运转漏气量小,可以保持仓内一定的真空度; [0015] The discharge valve of the high-gas-tight closing of the wind deflector wheel, or hermetic type discharge valve; the material discharge valve is continuously input, is discharged, the operation of which leak hermetic type a small amount, can maintain a certain degree of vacuum within the cartridge;

[0016] 所述的导热管的制作材质是金属;导热管内的导热介质是水、或者是导热油、或者是导热液、或者是气体。 [0016] The heat exchanger tube is made of metal material; heat transfer tube in a heat transfer medium is water or heat transfer oil, or a thermally conductive liquid, or gas.

[0017] 所述的真空导热散热装置是本人申请的专利(专利申请号201310466570.5、201320620005.5);真空导热散热装置的导热进口连接着导热管,导热管的热能通过真空管的管壁和导热支架使导热介质快速气化,气化后的气体通过管体、导热支架及散热翅片向外散热而冷凝,冷凝后的导热介质流到真空管的下端重新遇热气化,完成真空管内的导热循环;真空导热散热装置的导热散热面积增加了8 — 30倍,进一步增大导热、散热速度。 Vacuum thermal cooling device according to [0017] of patent (Patent Application No. 201310466570.5,201320620005.5) I of the application; inlet vacuum thermal cooling means thermally connected to the heat transfer tubes, the heat of the heat pipe and the thermally conductive wall by a vacuum heat conducting bracket rapid gasification medium, the vaporized gas through the tubular body, the thermally conductive heat radiating fins and the stent is condensed out, the vacuum flows to the lower end of the condensed heat transfer medium in case of thermal gasification again, the cycle is completed within the thermally conductive vacuum tube; vacuum thermal conductivity thermal cooling area of ​​the heat sink increases 8--30 fold further increase thermal conductivity, the cooling rate.

[0018] 所述的真空换热散热装置是本人申请的专利(专利申请号201310536174.5、201320687844.9);真空换热散热装置的导热进口通过导热管加热、冷却,热能通过导热管进入真空预热仓内导热加热、散热冷却,加热、散热后通过导热出口经导热管重新再加热、散热;周而复始的进行换热、散热、加热、输热;导热管中间安装有热循环泵,可以加快热能导热速度,热转换效率进一步提升,散热面积增加了8 — 30倍,扩大了热能的散热冷却、导热加热速度,热能传输总量得到提高,使余热得到有效利用,节能环保; [0018] The vacuum means is a heat exchanger my patent application (Patent Application No. 201310536174.5,201320687844.9); thermally conductive heat sink inlet vacuum heat by heat transfer tube heating, cooling, vacuum heat into the heat transfer tube by the preheating cartridge thermally conductive heat radiating cooling, heating, cooling re-heating the heat transfer tube by a heat export heat; the heat exchange cycle, cooling, heating, heat transport; thermally conductive intermediate heat pipe is attached to a circulation pump, heat can accelerate heat transfer rate, further improve thermal efficiency, the heat dissipation area is increased 8--30 fold, expanding the cooled heat dissipation, thermal heating rate, the heat transmission amount is increased, so that effective use of waste heat, energy saving;

[0019] 所述的真空烘干塔的排气装置是本人申请的专利(专利申请号2014100000410、2014200000651);真空烘干塔的排气装置由排气横管、排气立管、排气出口和、排气装置支架、排气挡板组成;排气横管横向贯通连接在排气立管、排气挡板之间,排气挡板与排气横管、排气立管连接为一个整体;排气挡板的上端与仓体的内壁固定连接封闭为一体,排气挡板的下端与仓体的内壁由排气装置支架固定连接,不封闭留口,这样便于物料的杂质下滑而不被吸走;真空烘干塔的排气装置采用排气挡板与仓体内壁的间距起到气体缓冲罐的作用,其还可以做仓内的保温层,温度集中在仓体内不易散失;排气出口固定安装在仓体的外面。 Dryer vacuum exhaust device according to [0019] of patent (Patent Application No. 2014100000410,2014200000651) I of the application; exhaust by the exhaust vacuum drying tower cross pipe, an exhaust riser exhaust outlet and, an exhaust device holder, the composition of the exhaust damper; laterally through the exhaust pipe cross-connected between the riser exhaust, the exhaust damper, the exhaust damper and the exhaust cross pipe, the exhaust pipe is connected to a stand whole; the inner wall of the cartridge body is fixedly connected to the upper end of the exhaust damper is closed integrally with the lower end of the inner wall of the exhaust damper is fixed to the cartridge body by an exhaust means connected to the stent, leaving the mouth not closed, it is easy impurity material downturn not being sucked away; exhaust means of vacuum drying column pitch using the exhaust damper and the inner wall of the gas cartridge play the role of a buffer tank, which may also be insulated layer within the cartridge, the cartridge body temperature easily lost focus; exhaust outlet is fixedly mounted on the outside of the cartridge body.

[0020] 真空烘干塔的烘干工艺流程是: [0020] The process of vacuum drying the drying tower are:

[0021 ] 1、导热介质携带热能经导热管传输到真空物料烘干塔仓内的散热,使烘干塔仓内部温度达到所需的温度; [0021] 1, the heat transfer medium to carry heat to the heat transfer through the heat transfer tube in the vacuum drying column material cartridge, the cartridge so that the internal temperature of the drying column reaches a desired temperature;

[0022] 2、将需要烘干的物料输送到料斗后,经卸料阀门的运转进入真空预热仓; After [0022] 2, the material to be dried is conveyed to the hopper by operation of the discharge valve into the vacuum preheating cartridge;

[0023] 3、物料在真空预热仓内经过排气、抽真空、预热、加热后经卸料阀门的运转进入真空干燥仓; [0023] 3, through the material in the vacuum exhaust preheating cartridge, evacuated, preheated, heated by the operation of the discharge valve into the dry vacuum;

[0024] 4、物料在真空干燥仓内经过排气、排湿、抽真空、导热加热、干燥后经卸料阀门的运转进入真空冷却仓; [0024] 4, after the material in the dry vacuum exhaust, humidity, vacuum, thermal heating, the operation of the discharge valve is dried into a vacuum cooling compartment;

[0025] 5、物料在冷却仓内经过排气、抽真空、换热、冷却后经卸料阀门排出真空冷却仓,这样就完成物料真空干燥的工作; [0025] 5, the material in the cooling compartment through the exhaust gas, vacuum, heat, after cooling is discharged through the discharge valve cartridge vacuum cooling, thus completing the work of the vacuum dried material;

[0026] 6、真空冷却仓的物料热能通过真空换热散热装置传导到真空预热仓,给真空预热仓的仓内物料进行加热预热,真空冷却仓的物料温度也得到降温冷却了。 [0026] 6, the cartridge material cooled by heat vacuum vacuum vacuum heat conducted to the heat sink preheating compartment, to preheat the vacuum heating cartridge stock material preheating, cooling the material temperature of the vacuum cartridge also been cooled down a.

[0027] 本实用新型与现有技术相比有如下有益效果:真空烘干塔的排气装置采用排气挡板与仓体内壁的间距起到气体缓冲罐的作用,还可以起到仓内保温层的保温作用,其还采用仓体外保温材料做保温层,仓内温度不易散失;卸料阀门将物料连续不断输入、排出,保持仓内一定的真空度;仓内导热散热加热速度快,抽气排湿迅速,仓内的真空度高,水分汽化温度低,烘干干燥所需的热能就减少很多;余热利用多、烘干过程操作简单方便,缩短烘干时间,大大降低加工成本,低温烘干保证了物料的品质,是节能减排的绿色干燥。 [0027] the present invention over the prior art has the following advantages: the vacuum exhaust apparatus using the drying effect of the exhaust damper column pitch inner wall of the gas cartridge functions as a buffer tank, and can also play the cartridge insulation effect of the insulation layer, which insulation material is also done in vitro using the cartridge insulation, storage temperature easily lost; the material discharge valve input continuously discharged to maintain a certain degree of vacuum within the cartridge; rapid thermal cooling rate in the heating compartment, moisture rapid evacuation, a high vacuum in the cartridge, low moisture vaporization temperature, the thermal energy required for drying the drying much reduced; multiple waste heat utilization, the drying process is simple and convenient operation, shorten the drying time, greatly reduce the processing costs, low-temperature drying to ensure the quality of materials, energy saving green is dry.

[0028] 附图说明: [0028] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS:

[0029] 图1为本实用新型真空烘干塔的结构示意图; [0029] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a vacuum drying tower invention;

[0030] 图2为本实用新型真空烘干塔的结构剖视图; [0030] FIG. 2 is a sectional view showing the structure of the invention, the present vacuum drying tower;

[0031]图3为本实用新型真空烘干塔的真空导热散热装置剖视图; [0031] The present invention FIG 3 vacuum drying column sectional view of a vacuum thermal cooling means;

[0032]图4为本实用新型真空烘干塔的真空换热散热装置剖视图; [0032] FIG. 4 is a vacuum heat disclosure vacuum drying tower cross-sectional view of the heat sink;

[0033]图5为本实用新型真空烘干塔的真空烘干塔的排气装置剖视图; [0033] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the invention vacuum Dryer Dryer vacuum exhaust device present;

[0034] 具体实施方式: [0034] DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

[0035] 下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型做进一步的说明。 Figures and examples further illustrate the present invention do [0035] The following binding.

[0036] 如图1所示的真空烘干塔由真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)、真空冷却仓(13)、卸料阀门(5)、导热管(10)、热循环泵(6)、料斗(8)、支架(9)、排气出口(7)、导热进口(14)、导热出口(15)、排粮装置(21)组成; [0036] The vacuum drying tower shown in Figure 1 was dried by a vacuum cartridge (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12), vacuum cooling chamber (13), the discharge valve (5), the heat transfer tubes (10), heat the circulation pump (6), a hopper (8), the holder (9), an exhaust outlet (7), the thermally conductive inlet (14), a thermally conductive outlet (15), grain discharging means (21) composition;

[0037] 真空物干塔由支架(9)由下向上的依次固定安装真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11 )、真空预热仓(12);真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11 )、真空预热仓(12)之间有卸料阀门(5)固定连接,真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)由支架(9)固定支撑。 [0037] was dried in vacuo by the support column (9) fixedly mounted bottom up sequentially vacuum cooling cartridge (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) by a; vacuum cooling cartridge (13), and dried in vacuo between the cartridge (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) the discharge valve (5) is fixedly connected to a vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) by the holder (9) fixed support.

[0038] 所述的排粮装置(21)安装在真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的下端位置。 Said grain discharge apparatus [0038] (21) installed in the vacuum cooling cartridge (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) in a lower end position.

[0039] 真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的仓体(I)的制作材质是12mm的碳钢钢板;仓体(I)外面有保温材料; [0039] The vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I) of the material is made of carbon steel plate 12mm; outer (I) of the cartridge body with a thermal insulation material;

[0040] 真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的横截面形状是方形状;真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11 )、真空预热仓(12)的两端是锥形状。 [0040] The cross-sectional shape of the vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) is a square shape; vacuum cooling cartridge (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum cartridge ends (12) is tapered.

[0041] 所述的支架(9)的制作材质是金属; [0041] The support (9) is made of metal material;

[0042] 所述的卸料阀门(5)是高气密型卸料阀门; [0042] the discharge valve (5) is a hermetic type discharge valve;

[0043] 所述的导热管(10)的制作材质是金属,其横截面形状是圆形;导热管(10)中间安装有热循环泵(6);导热管(10)内的导热介质(19)是水。 [0043] The heat transfer tubes (10) is made of metal material, cross-sectional shape is circular; heat transfer tube (10) is attached to the intermediate heat circulation pump (6); a thermally conductive medium within the heat transfer tube (10) ( 19) is water.

[0044] 如图2所示的真空预热仓(12)上端依次固定安装有卸料阀门(5)、料斗(8);真空预热仓(12)里面安装有真空换热散热装置(2)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、排粮装置 [0044] The preheating vacuum chamber (12) shown in Figure 2 has an upper end fixedly mounted sequentially discharge valve (5), a hopper (8); preheating vacuum chamber (12) which is attached to a vacuum heat dissipation means (2 ), vacuum drying tower exhaust device (4), grain discharging means

(21);真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)在预热仓(12)的仓体(I)的外面,真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)通过导热管(10)连接到加热装置、换热装置;真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)的排气出口( 7 )在预热仓(12 )的仓体(I)的外面。 (21); thermally conductive vacuum heat dissipation means (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) in a preheating chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I) outside the vacuum heat dissipation means (2) an outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) connected by a heat transfer tube (10) to the heating means, heat exchange means; exhaust outlet exhaust means (4) vacuum drying column (7) in a preheating chamber (12) outside the cartridge body (I) is.

[0045] 如图2所示的真空干燥仓(11)上端由卸料阀门(5)固定连接着真空预热仓(12),下端由卸料阀门(5)固定连接着真空冷却仓(13);真空干燥仓(11)里面安装有真空导热散热装置(3)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、排粮装置(21);真空导热散热装置(3)的导热出口 [0045] The dry vacuum as shown in FIG. 2 (11) from the upper end of the discharge valve (5) is fixedly connected with the vacuum preheating chamber (12), the lower end of the discharge valve (5) is fixedly connected with the vacuum cooling chamber (13 ); vacuum drying cartridge (11) installed inside a vacuum thermal cooling means (3), a vacuum exhaust device of the drying column (4), grain discharging means (21); vacuum thermal cooling means (3) a thermally conductive outlet

(15)、导热进口(14)在真空干燥仓(12)的仓体(I)的外面,真空导热散热装置(3)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)通过导热管(10)连接到加热装置、换热装置;真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)的排气出口(7)在预热仓(12)的仓体(I)的外面。 (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) outside the vacuum thermal cooling means (3) in a vacuum drying chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) through the heat transfer tubes (10) connected to the heating means, heat exchange means; outside exhaust outlet exhaust means (4) vacuum drying column (7) in a preheating chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I) is.

[0046] 如图2所示的真空冷却仓(13)下端依次固定安装有卸料阀门(5)和料斗(8);真空冷却仓(13)里面安装有真空换热散热装置(2)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、排粮装置 [0046] The vacuum cooling cartridge (13) as shown in FIG. 2 successively lower end fixedly attached to the discharge valve (5) and the hopper (8); vacuum cooling cartridge (13) is mounted inside the vacuum heat dissipation means (2), dryer vacuum exhaust device (4), grain discharging means

(21);真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)在冷却仓(13)的仓体(I)的外面,真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)通过导热管(10)连接到加热装置、换热装置;真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)的排气出口( 7 )在冷却仓(13 )的仓体(I)的外面。 (21); vacuum heat dissipation means (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) of the cooling compartment (13) of the cartridge body (I) outside the vacuum heat dissipation means (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) connected by a heat transfer tube (10) to the heating means, heat exchange means; exhaust outlet exhaust means (4) vacuum drying column (7) in cooling cartridge magazine (13) outside the body (I) is.

[0047] 真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的仓体(I)制作材质是IOmm的碳钢钢板;真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的横截面形状是圆形状;真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的两端是锥形状;仓体(I)外面有保温材料; [0047] The vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I) made of carbon steel plate material is IOmm; vacuum cooling cartridge (13), the cartridge was dried in vacuo ( 11), the cross-sectional shape of the vacuum preheating chamber (12) is circular; both ends of the vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) is tapered; the cartridge body (I ) has outside insulation materials;

[0048] 所述的导热出口( 15)、导热进口( 14)连接到导热管(10),通过导热介质(19)的输送,用来导热、散热、加热。 [0048] The thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) connected to the heat transfer tube (10), conveyed through the heat transfer medium (19), for thermal conductivity, thermal heating.

[0049] 如图3所示的真空导热散热装置(3)的导热进口( 14)连接着导热管(10),导热管(10)内的导热介质(19)的热能通过散热翅片向外散热后通过导热进口( 15)连接着导热管 [0049] The vacuum thermal cooling apparatus shown in FIG. 3 (3) a thermally conductive inlet (14) connected to the heat transfer tube (10), heat transfer tube heat medium (19) inside (10) of the heat radiating fins outwardly by (15) connected to the heat sink through a heat conductive heat transfer tube inlet

(10)流出。 (10) flows.

[0050] 如图4所示的真空换热散热装置(2)的导热进口(14)通过导热管(10)内的导热介质(19)加热、冷却,导热介质(19)的热能、冷却低温通过导热管(10)进入真空预热仓(12)、真空冷却仓(13)内对物料导热加热、散热冷却,加热、散热的导热介质(19)后通过导热出口(15)流出。 Vacuum heat exchanger means (2) shown in [0050] FIG. 4 thermally conductive inlet (14) heat transfer medium is heated by heat transfer tube (19) inside (10), cooling, thermal heat transfer medium (19), the low-temperature cooling through the heat transfer tube (10) into the vacuum pre-chamber (12), the vacuum cooling cartridge (13) for heating the thermally conductive material, has cooled, heated, flows through a heat conductive outlet (15) after the cooling heat transfer medium (19).

[0051] 如图5所示的真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)由排气横管(16)、排气立管(17)、排气出口(7)、排气装置支架(20)和排气挡板(18)组成,排气挡板(18)与排气横管(16)、排气立管(17)连接为一个整体;排气挡板(18)的上端与仓体(I)的内壁固定连接封闭为一体,排气挡板(18)的下端与仓体(I)的内壁由排气装置支架(20)固定连接,不封闭留口;排气出口( 7 )固定安装在仓体(I)的仓体上面。 [0051] Dryer vacuum exhaust apparatus as shown in FIG. 5 (4) by a horizontal exhaust pipe (16), an exhaust riser (17), an exhaust outlet (7), an exhaust means holder (20 ) and the exhaust damper (18), with the exhaust damper (18) and the exhaust pipe cross (16), an exhaust riser (17) is connected in one piece; exhaust damper (18) and the upper end of the cartridge the inner wall of the closure member fixedly attached (I) as one of the inner wall of the exhaust damper (18) and the lower end of the cartridge body (I), (20) is fixedly connected by an exhaust device holder, without leaving the closed port; an exhaust outlet (7 ) fixedly mounted on the cartridge upper cartridge body member (I) is.

[0052] 以上是对本实用新型所提供的真空烘干塔进行了介绍,本文中应用了具体个例对本实用新型的结构原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例只是用于帮助理解本实用新型的制作方法及其核心思想,具体实施不局限于上述具体的实施方式,本领域的技术人员从上述构思出发,不经过创造性的劳动,所作出的种种变化,均落在本实用新型的保护范围。 [0052] The above is the invention of vacuum drying column provided introduced herein through specific examples of the present invention the structural principles and embodiments are set forth in the above examples are only for assisting understanding of the present invention the production method and the spirit, is not limited to the specific implementation of specific embodiments, those skilled in the art from the above idea, without creative work, made all the changes, all fall within the scope of the present invention to protect .

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种真空烘干塔,由真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)、真空冷却仓(13)、卸料阀门(5)、导热管(10)、真空导热散热装置(3)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、真空换热散热装置(2)、热循环泵(6)、料斗(8)、支架(9)、排气出口(7)、导热进口(14)、导热出口(15)、排粮装置(21)组成; 真空烘干塔由支架(9)由下向上的依次支撑固定安装真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12); 排粮装置(21)安装在真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的下端位置; 真空冷却仓(13)下端依次安装有卸料阀门(5)、料斗(8);真空冷却仓(13)里面安装有真空换热散热装置(2)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、排粮装置(21);真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口( 15)、导热进口( 14)在干燥仓(11)的仓体(I)的外面,真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)通过导热管(10)连接到加热装置、换热装 A vacuum drying tower and dried by a vacuum cartridge (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12), vacuum cooling chamber (13), the discharge valve (5), the heat transfer tubes (10), a vacuum thermal cooling means ( 3), a vacuum exhaust device of the drying column (4), a vacuum heat dissipation means (2), heat circulation pump (6), a hopper (8), the holder (9), an exhaust outlet (7), the thermally conductive inlet (14), a thermally conductive outlet (15), grain discharging means (21) composition; vacuum drying tower by a bracket (9) fixedly mounted vacuum cooling cartridge (13) is supported from the bottom up in sequence, and dried under vacuum cartridge (11), in vacuo preheating chamber (12); grain discharging means (21) installed in the vacuum cooling cartridge (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) in a lower end position; vacuum cooling cartridge (13) is attached to the lower end of sequentially the discharge valve (5), a hopper (8); vacuum cooling cartridge (13) is mounted inside the vacuum heat dissipation means (2), an exhaust means (4), grain discharging means (21) vacuum drying column; vacuo cooling heat exchange means (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) outside the vacuum cartridge in a dry heat radiating means (11) of the cartridge body (I), (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) connected by a heat transfer tube (10) to the heating means, heat exchange means ; 真空干燥仓(11)里面安装有真空导热散热装置(3)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、排粮装置(21);真空导热散热装置(3)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)在干燥仓(11)的仓体(I)的外面,真空导热散热装置(3)的导热出口( 15)、导热进口( 14)通过导热管(10)连接到加热装置、换热装置; 真空预热仓(12)上端依次安装有卸料阀门(5)和料斗(8);真空预热仓(12)里面安装有真空换热散热装置(2)、真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)、排粮装置(21);真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口(15)、导热进口(14)在干燥仓(11)的仓体(I)的外面,真空换热散热装置(2)的导热出口( 15)、导热进口( 14)通过导热管(10)连接到加热装置、换热装置; 真空烘干塔的排气装置(4)的排气出口(7)固定安装在真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的仓体(I)的外面; 导热管(10)内的导热介质(19)是水、或者是导热油、或者是导 ; Vacuum drying cartridge (11) installed inside a vacuum thermal cooling means (3), a vacuum exhaust device of the drying column (4), grain discharging means (21); vacuum thermal cooling means (3) a thermally conductive outlet (15) , the thermally conductive inlet (14) outside the vacuum thermal cooling means (3) in the drying compartment (11) of the cartridge body (I) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) connected to the heating means through the heat transfer tube (10) heat exchanger means; preheating vacuum chamber (12) successively attached to the upper end of the discharge valve (5) and the hopper (8); preheating vacuum chamber (12) which is attached to a vacuum heat dissipation means (2), and drying in vacuo tower exhaust device (4), grain discharging means (21); a heat exchanger outside the vacuum heat sink (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) in the drying chamber (11) of the cartridge body (I), exhaust gas exhaust means (4) vacuum drying tower; vacuum heat dissipation means (2) a thermally conductive outlet (15), the thermally conductive inlet (14) connected to the heating means, heat exchange means by heat transfer tubes (10) an outlet (7) is fixedly mounted outside the vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I); a heat transfer medium (19) within the heat transfer tube (10) is water or heat transfer oil, or a guide 热液、或者是气体;导热管(10)中间安装有热循环泵(6)。 Hot liquid, or gas; heat transfer tube (10) is attached to the intermediate heat circulation pump (6).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种真空烘干塔,其特征在于:真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)由卸料阀门(5)依次连接固定,真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)由支架(9)固定支撑;真空预热仓(12)在烘干塔上面的位置;真空干燥仓(11)在真空预热仓(12)和真空冷却仓(13)之间位置,真空冷却仓(13)在烘干塔下面的位置。 2. A vacuum drying tower according to claim 1, characterized in that: a vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) in turn connected by a discharge valve (5) fixed, vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) by the bracket (9) fixedly supported; preheating position of the vacuum cartridge (12) in the drying column above; dry vacuum ( 11) position, (13) a position between the vacuum preheating chamber (12) and a vacuum cooling chamber (13) in the drying compartment vacuum cooling tower below.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种真空烘干塔,其特征在于:真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的仓体(I)的制作材质是3 — 25mm的碳钢钢板、或者3 — 25mm的不锈钢钢板。 3. A vacuum drying tower according to claim 1, wherein: the material making vacuum cooling cartridge (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) of the cartridge body (I), is 3 - 25mm of carbon steel plate, or 3 - 25mm of the stainless steel sheet.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种真空烘干塔,其特征在于:真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的横截面形状是圆形状、或者是方形状;真空冷却仓(13)、真空干燥仓(11)、真空预热仓(12)的两端是锥形状。 4. A vacuum drying tower according to claim 1, wherein: the cross-sectional shape of the vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) is a circular shape, or square shape; both ends of the vacuum cooling chamber (13), vacuum drying chamber (11), preheating vacuum chamber (12) is tapered.
CN 201420000284 2014-01-02 2014-01-02 Vacuum drying tower CN203629241U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201420000284 CN203629241U (en) 2014-01-02 2014-01-02 Vacuum drying tower

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201420000284 CN203629241U (en) 2014-01-02 2014-01-02 Vacuum drying tower

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203629241U true CN203629241U (en) 2014-06-04

Family

ID=50815707

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201420000284 CN203629241U (en) 2014-01-02 2014-01-02 Vacuum drying tower

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203629241U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104764312A (en) * 2014-01-02 2015-07-08 程长青 Vacuum Dryer
CN105276953A (en) * 2014-07-26 2016-01-27 程长青 Parallel flow and counter flow circulation hot air drying tower
CN105276965A (en) * 2014-06-25 2016-01-27 程长青 Circulating flow ventilation and exhaust device
CN105276966A (en) * 2014-07-21 2016-01-27 程长青 Circulating air interchanger for fair current and counter current
CN105318700A (en) * 2014-07-12 2016-02-10 程长青 Circulating-flow hot air drying tower
CN105423739A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-23 张海娟 Thermo-tube drying storehouse capable of utilizing afterheat
CN105972960A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 Drying device for fertilizer production process

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104764312A (en) * 2014-01-02 2015-07-08 程长青 Vacuum Dryer
CN104764312B (en) * 2014-01-02 2017-05-24 程长青 Vacuum Dryer
CN105276965A (en) * 2014-06-25 2016-01-27 程长青 Circulating flow ventilation and exhaust device
CN105276965B (en) * 2014-06-25 2017-12-05 程长青 Ventilation exhaust recycle stream
CN105318700A (en) * 2014-07-12 2016-02-10 程长青 Circulating-flow hot air drying tower
CN105318700B (en) * 2014-07-12 2018-03-30 程长青 Circulating hot air flow drying tower
CN105276966A (en) * 2014-07-21 2016-01-27 程长青 Circulating air interchanger for fair current and counter current
CN105276966B (en) * 2014-07-21 2017-11-24 程长青 Cis countercurrent circulation ventilator
CN105276953B (en) * 2014-07-26 2018-06-01 程长青 Shun countercurrent circulating hot air drying tower
CN105276953A (en) * 2014-07-26 2016-01-27 程长青 Parallel flow and counter flow circulation hot air drying tower
CN105423739A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-23 张海娟 Thermo-tube drying storehouse capable of utilizing afterheat
CN105423739B (en) * 2015-12-07 2018-06-01 张海娟 Waste heat recovery heat pipe can drying cartridge
CN105972960A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 Drying device for fertilizer production process

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201288115Y (en) Multi-power source apparatus for drying sludge
CN102451571A (en) Liquid regeneration apparatus and method for solar energy
CN201731731U (en) Industrial drying oven
CN201293521Y (en) Down and reversing flow grain drier for reuse of heat energy
CN204854306U (en) Three -dimensional hot type vacuum drying storehouse that adds
CN101619919A (en) Efficient ecological drying device using thermal energy repeatedly
CN201081398Y (en) Horizontal hot-blast stove
CN101693230A (en) Coating machine heat recovery utilization energy-saving device
CN201028935Y (en) Heat-insulation low-temperature negative-pressure grain dryer
CN202547286U (en) Static drying oven for thermal sensitive materials
CN203653403U (en) Dyeing sludge drying equipment
CN203928644U (en) Single cone heat pipe type spiral dryer
CN203443287U (en) Air-flow drying machine capable of recycling waste heat of tail gas
CN102697157A (en) High-efficiency and energy-saving intensive tobacco flue-curing house
CN202350444U (en) Novel superconducting heat pump drying box
CN203908218U (en) Solar heating and low-temperature ventilation drying bin
CN203741272U (en) Production system of modified pitch
CN101839616A (en) Recovery type solar drying device
CN203784627U (en) Flash tank for drain tank
CN101071003A (en) Movable solar energy storage heating device
CN101178282A (en) Wood drying device
CN201825921U (en) In-pipe pushing type coal substance decomposing device
CN101586918A (en) Multi-stage waste heat recovery device of industrial furnace high-temperature flue gas
CN2888370Y (en) Low-temperature vacuum grain continuous drying apparatus
CN201825922U (en) Multiple-pipe external-heating type decomposing device for coal material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Granted