CN203622203U - Feed mechanism of small six-axis linkage knife grinder - Google Patents

Feed mechanism of small six-axis linkage knife grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203622203U
CN203622203U CN201320712823.8U CN201320712823U CN203622203U CN 203622203 U CN203622203 U CN 203622203U CN 201320712823 U CN201320712823 U CN 201320712823U CN 203622203 U CN203622203 U CN 203622203U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
axis
feed
unit
swivel feeding
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320712823.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
廖红胜
毕翠丽
郭立宇
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GUANGZHOU TECHNICIAN COLLEGE
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GUANGZHOU TECHNICIAN COLLEGE
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a feed mechanism of a small six-axis linkage knife grinder. The feed mechanism of the small six-axis linkage knife grinder comprises a machine tool and a feed mechanism, and is characterized by comprising a linear feed mechanism and a rotary feed mechanism, the linear feed mechanism comprises an axis X linear feed unit, an axis Y linear feed unit, and an axis Z linear feed unit, the rotary feed mechanism comprises an axis A rotating feed unit, an axis B rotating feed unit and an axis C rotating feed unit, the axis Y linear feed unit and the axis X linear feed unit are stacked with each other and arranged on one side of the machine tool, and the axis A rotating feed unit, the axis B rotating feed unit, the axis Z linear feed unit and the axis C rotating feed unit are stacked to one another and arranged on the other side of the machine tool; a three-axis linkage type rotary feed mechanism with the axis A rotating feed unit which rotates around the axis A, the axis B rotating feed unit which rotates around the axis B and the axis C rotating feed unit which rotates around the axis C is formed. According to the utility model, relative positions of a cutter and a grinding wheel structure can be automatically adjusted through a six-axis linkage manner, and the feed mechanism of the small six-axis linkage knife grinder has the characteristics of convenience for operation and higher machining precision of the cutter.

Description

A kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device, is applicable to teaching and small-sized machine processing.Belong to Digit Control Machine Tool and teaching equipment technical field.
Background technology
At present, the manufacturing manpower demand of China's mechanized equipment increases day by day, under so a kind of prospect, in order to meet the social talent's needs, raising personnel's technical ability and level, each universities and colleges particularly vocational technical universities and colleges have founded Numerical Control Specialty course, to cultivate the Numerical Control Specialty talent.In machine tool, cutter is machining tool conventional in machining, and in use for some time, its knife edge can sustain damage or be not sharp cutter, in order not affect the quality of its converted products, and need to be to tool sharpening or polishing.Therefore, need to there is special knife sharpening device with polishing tool.Existing knife sharpening device mainly comprises grinding wheel structure, emery wheel feed mechanism and cutter geometrical clamp, cutter is fixedly mounted on cutter geometrical clamp, thereby drive grinding wheel structure to move by emery wheel feed mechanism and realize sharpening, this knife sharpening device needs by manually not stopping to adjust the angle position of cutter on cutter geometrical clamp in sharpening process, has that efficiency is low, machining accuracy is low, complicated operation and a uneasy congruent defect.
And along with the development of technology, to keeping on improving of technology, existing cutter is in order to process the parts that precision is higher, the curved surface of its cutter also becomes increasingly complex, existing tool sharpening adopts the manual manual adjustment of angle of adjusting cutter and emery wheel to be difficult to control and adjusts angle, thereby reduce the machining accuracy of cutter, i.e. time-consuming effort again.And for student, its complicated operation is wayward, thereby increased teacher's teaching difficulty, also with country advocate technicalization road for development have a certain distance.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model, be for overcome existing hand prop up transfer in to joint angle exist adjust difficult control, defect that sharpening precision is low, the feed mechanism of a kind of compact conformation, the small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device that practical, easy and simple to handle, accuracy is high is provided.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device, comprise lathe and be arranged on the feed mechanism of lathe, its design feature is: described feed mechanism is made up of Linear feed mechanism and rotating feed mechanism, Linear feed mechanism comprises X-axis linear feed unit, Y-axis linear feed unit and Z axis linear feed unit, rotating feed mechanism comprises A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle swivel feeding unit and C axle swivel feeding unit, described Y-axis linear feed unit, X-axis linear feed unit superposes each other and is arranged on a side of lathe, described A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle swivel feeding unit, Z axis linear feed unit and C axle swivel feeding unit superpose each other and are arranged on the opposite side of lathe, form A axle swivel feeding unit around A axle, B axle swivel feeding unit around B axle and C axle swivel feeding unit the three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism around the rotation of C axle, when three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism drives A axle, B axle and the interlock of C axle, drive X-axis linear feed unit, Y-axis linear feed unit and Z axis linear feed unit interlock feeding, form six-axis linkage feed mechanism, wherein, B axle is mutually vertical with A axle, B direction of principal axis changes along with the rotation of A axle swivel feeding unit, C axle is mutually vertical with B axle, C direction of principal axis changes by the rotation of A axle swivel feeding unit and B axle swivel feeding unit, B axle, C axle and A axle are at space intersection in a bit, and described A axle, B axle and C axle form the origin of coordinates of A axle, B axle and C axle at the intersection point of space intersection.
The purpose of this utility model can also be achieved through the following technical solutions:
Further scheme of the present utility model: can be provided with grinding wheel structure on described Y-axis linear feed unit and X-axis linear feed unit, described grinding wheel structure is along X-axis and Y-axis rectilinear movement, and Y-axis is mutually vertical with X-axis.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described Y-axis linear feed unit can comprise Y-axis pedestal, Y-axis ball screw, y-axis motor and two Y-axis guide rails, described Y-axis ball screw and two Y-axis guide rails are arranged on a side of lathe by Y-axis pedestal, one end of Y-axis ball screw is connected with y-axis motor, Y-axis pedestal and the lathe structure that is formed in one.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described X-axis linear feed unit can comprise saddle, X-axis ball screw, X-axis motor and two X-axis guide rails, X-axis ball screw and two X-axis guide rails are arranged on saddle, one end of X-axis ball screw is connected with X-axis motor, saddle is arranged on Y-axis linear feed unit, drives X-axis linear feed unit moving along y-axis shift by Y-axis linear feed unit.
Further scheme of the present utility model: on described A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle swivel feeding unit, Z axis linear feed unit and C axle swivel feeding unit, cutter can be set, by driving mechanism band cutter, around A axle, B axle and the rotation of C axle, band cutter moves linearly on Z axis linear feed unit.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described A axle swivel feeding unit can comprise A shaft stool, A axle, A shaft drive and A bracing strut, A shaft stool is arranged on the opposite side of lathe, A axle is movably arranged in A shaft stool, and be connected with A shaft stool rotary type, A shaft drive is connected with A bracing strut by A axle, drives A bracing strut to rotate around A axle by A shaft drive.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described B axle swivel feeding unit can comprise B shaft stool, B axle, B shaft drive and B bracing strut, B shaft stool is arranged on the A bracing strut of A axle rotating feed mechanism, B axle is movably arranged in B shaft stool, and be connected with B shaft stool rotary type, B shaft drive is connected with B bracing strut by B axle, drives B bracing strut to rotate around B axle by B shaft drive.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described Z axis linear feed unit can comprise Z axis ball screw and two Z axis guide rails, described Z axis ball screw and two Z axis guide rails are arranged on the B bracing strut of B axle swivel feeding unit.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described C axle swivel feeding unit can comprise C shaft stool, C axle, C shaft drive and C bracing strut, C shaft stool is arranged on Z axis linear feed unit, drive C axle swivel feeding unit to move linearly along Z axis ball screw, described C bracing strut is arranged on C shaft stool, in described C bracing strut, be provided with C axle, drive C axle to rotate around C axle by C shaft drive, Cutting tool installation manner is in C axle.
Further scheme of the present utility model: described A axle, B axle, C axle can form respectively the axial line of A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle axle rotating feed mechanism, C axle rotating feed mechanism.
The utlity model has following outstanding beneficial effect:
1, the utility model is arranged on the opposite side of lathe because A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle swivel feeding unit, Z axis linear feed unit and C axle swivel feeding unit superpose each other; Form A axle swivel feeding unit around A axle, B axle swivel feeding unit around B axle and C axle swivel feeding unit the three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism around the rotation of C axle, when three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism drives A axle, B axle and the interlock of C axle, drive X-axis linear feed unit, Y-axis linear feed unit and Z axis linear feed unit interlock feeding, form six-axis linkage feed mechanism; Therefore realized six-axis linkage by Y-axis linear feed unit, X-axis linear feed unit, Z axis linear feed unit, A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle swivel feeding unit and C axle swivel feeding unit, and realize cutter has been adjusted at any angle automatically by A axle swivel feeding unit, B axle swivel feeding unit, Z axis linear feed unit and C axle swivel feeding unit, solved existing hand prop up transfer in to joint angle exist adjust difficult control, problem that sharpening precision is low, there is compact conformation, the beneficial effect that practical, easy and simple to handle, accuracy is high.
2, compact conformation of the present utility model, rationally, improved tool sharpening efficiency, realize automation and whet a knife and realize mass production.Be used on the one hand cutter to polish, on the other hand can be with carrying out the training method of integrating theory with practice, the processing processing of therefore grasping cutter is the technical ability of mechanical talent's indispensability.In order to cultivate student's sharpening technical ability,
3, the axial line of the utility model A, B, tri-swivel feeding unit of C at space intersection in a bit, this intersection point is exactly the origin of coordinates of A axle, B axle, C axle, simplify the amount of calculation of control system, make programming more directly perceived, be convenient to control system and operate each rotating feed mechanism, and make the shift position of three rotating feed mechanisms more accurate, improved the machining accuracy of workpiece, guarantee the product quality of cutter, thereby reduced the use cost of cutter.
4, the utility model, for teaching equipment, is convenient to teacher's instruction of papil, makes student can grasp very soon and regulate and control the feed mechanism of this knife sharpening device, and the knowledge that both can enrich study cutter, can increase again real training station, has saved practice cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the Y-axis Linear feed mechanism of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the X-axis Linear feed mechanism of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the A axle rotating feed mechanism of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 6 is the part-structure schematic diagram of the A axle rotating feed mechanism of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 7 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the B rotating feed mechanism of specific embodiment 1 and the structural representation of Z axis Linear feed mechanism.
Fig. 9 is the part-structure schematic diagram of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is the C-C cutaway view of B rotating feed mechanism in Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the C axle rotating feed mechanism of specific embodiment 1.
Figure 12 is the J-J cutaway view of Figure 11.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Specific embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment comprises lathe 2 and is arranged on the feed mechanism of lathe, described feed mechanism is made up of Linear feed mechanism and rotating feed mechanism, Linear feed mechanism comprises X-axis linear feed unit 5, Y-axis linear feed unit 4 and Z axis linear feed unit 8, rotating feed mechanism comprises A axle swivel feeding unit 6, B axle swivel feeding unit 7 and C axle swivel feeding unit 9, described Y-axis linear feed unit 4, X-axis linear feed unit 5 superposes each other and is arranged on a side of lathe 2, described A axle swivel feeding unit 6, B axle swivel feeding unit 7, Z axis linear feed unit 8 and C axle swivel feeding unit 9 superpose each other and are arranged on the opposite side of lathe 2, form A axle swivel feeding unit 6 around A axle, B axle swivel feeding unit 7 around B axle and C axle swivel feeding unit 9 the three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism around the rotation of C axle, when three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism drives A axle, B axle and the interlock of C axle, drive X-axis linear feed unit, Y-axis linear feed unit and Z axis linear feed unit interlock feeding, form six-axis linkage feed mechanism, wherein, B axle is mutually vertical with A axle, B direction of principal axis changes along with the rotation of A axle swivel feeding unit 6, C axle is mutually vertical with B axle, C direction of principal axis changes by the rotation of A axle swivel feeding unit 6 and B axle swivel feeding unit 7, B axle, C axle and A axle are at space intersection in a bit, and described A axle, B axle and C axle form the origin of coordinates of A axle, B axle and C axle at the intersection point of space intersection.
In the present embodiment:
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, Y-axis linear feed unit 4 comprises Y-axis pedestal 4-1, Y-axis nut seat 4-2, Y-axis ball screw 4-3, article two, Y-axis guide rail 4-4, Y-axis slide block 4-5 and y-axis motor 4-6, Y-axis pedestal 4-1 is arranged on a side of lathe 2, and with lathe 2 structure that is formed in one, described two Y-axis guide rail 4-4 are arranged on Y-axis pedestal 4-1 by Y-axis guide rail briquetting 4-7, article two, on Y-axis guide rail 4-4, be respectively equipped with two Y-axis slide block 4-5, the both ends of described Y-axis pedestal 4-1 are provided with respectively a Y-axis bearing block 4-8, Y-axis ball screw 4-3 is arranged on Y-axis bearing block 4-8 by Y-axis bearing 4-9, make Y-axis linear feed unit 4 be set up in the top of Y-axis pedestal 4-1, described Y-axis bearing 4-9 adopts deep groove ball bearing, Y-axis ball screw 4-3 is provided with Y-axis nut seat 4-2, Y-axis nut seat 4-2 is connected with the nut 4-10 of Y-axis ball screw 4-3, one end of Y-axis ball screw 4-3 is connected with one end of Y-axis shaft coupling 4-12 by Y-axis locking nut 4-11, the other end of shaft coupling 4-12 is connected with y-axis motor 4-6, y-axis motor 4-6 adopts stepper motor and is arranged on motor cabinet 4-13.
As shown in Figure 4, X-axis linear feed unit 5 comprises saddle 5-1, X-axis nut seat 5-2, X-axis ball screw 5-3, X-axis slide block 5-4, two X-axis guide rail 5-5 and X-axis motor 5-6, saddle 5-1 is bolted to connection on Y-axis nut seat 4-2 and Y-axis slide block 4-5, drive X-axis linear feed unit 5 moving along y-axis shift by Y-axis linear feed unit 4, described two X-axis guide rail 5-5 are arranged on saddle 5-1 by X-axis guide rail briquetting 5-7, article two, on X-axis guide rail 5-5, be respectively equipped with two X-axis slide block 5-4, the both ends of saddle 5-1 are provided with respectively an X-axis bearing block 5-8, X-axis ball screw 5-3 is arranged on X-axis bearing block 5-8 by X-axis bearing 5-9, make X-axis Linear feed mechanism 5 be set up in the top of saddle 5-1, described X-axis bearing 5-9 adopts deep groove ball bearing, described X-axis ball screw 5-3 is provided with X-axis nut seat 5-2, X-axis nut seat 5-2 is connected with the nut 5-10 of X-axis ball screw 5-3, one end of X-axis ball screw 5-3 is connected with one end of X-axis shaft coupling 5-12 by X-axis locking nut 5-11, the other end of shaft coupling 5-12 is connected with X-axis motor 5-6, X-axis motor 5-6 adopts stepper motor and is arranged on motor cabinet 5-13, grinding wheel structure 3 is arranged on X-axis nut seat 5-2 and X-axis slide block 5-4, drive grinding wheel structure 3 to move linearly along X-axis by X-axis linear feed unit 5, drive grinding wheel structure 3 to move linearly along Y-axis by Y-axis linear feed unit 4, X-axis is mutually vertical with Y-axis.
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, A axle swivel feeding unit 6 comprises A shaft stool 6-1, A axle 6-2, A shaft supporting frame 6-3, A shaft drive 6-4 and A bracing strut 6-5, described A shaft drive 6-4 adopts A axle double reduction gear, and A axle double reduction gear comprises drive 6-8 in A spindle motor 6-6, A axle large drive wheel 6-7, A axle, two A axle brief biography driving wheel 6-9 and two A through-drive band 6-10;
Described lathe 2 opposite sides are provided with installing hole, described A shaft stool 6-1 is arranged in the installing hole of lathe 2, described A axle 6-2 is movably arranged in A shaft stool 6-1 by two A axle bearing 6-11, A axle 6-2 is rotated in A shaft stool 6-1, described A axle bearing 6-11 adopts deep groove ball bearing, by A axle positioning sleeve, 6-12 positions A axle 6-2, the upper end of A axle 6-2 is fixedly connected with A bracing strut 6-5 by bolt 6-13, the lower end of A axle 6-2 is fixedly connected with A axle large drive wheel 6-7 by bolt, the bottom of A shaft stool 6-1 is provided with A shaft supporting frame 6-3, described A shaft supporting frame 6-3 is provided with motor mount and drive bearing 6-14, the rotating shaft of A spindle motor 6-6 upwards, be arranged on motor mount, in one of them A axle brief biography driving wheel 6-9 and A axle, drive 6-8 is arranged on drive bearing 6-14 by A through-drive wheel fulcrum 6-15 and A through-drive wheel bearing 6-16, A spindle motor 6-6 is by two A axle brief biography driving wheel 6-9, article two, A through-drive band 6-10, in A axle, drive 6-8 is connected with A axle large drive wheel 6-7, realize double reduction transmission, drive A axle large drive wheel 6-7 by A spindle motor 6-6, A axle 6-2 and A bracing strut 6-5 rotate around A axle, described A spindle motor adopts stepper motor, described A bracing strut 6-5 is provided with two B axle installing holes, one is the B shaft stool installing hole of B axle rotating feed mechanism 7, another is B through-drive wheel fulcrum installing hole.
As shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9 and Figure 10, B axle swivel feeding unit 7 comprises B shaft stool 7-1, B axle 7-2, B shaft drive 7-3 and B bracing strut 7-4, described B shaft drive 7-3 adopts B axle double reduction gear, and B axle double reduction gear comprises drive 7-6 in B axle large drive wheel 7-5, B axle, two B axle brief biography driving wheel 7-7, two B through-drive band 7-8 and B spindle motor 7-13;
Described B shaft stool 7-1 is arranged in the B shaft stool installing hole of A bracing strut 6-5, B axle 7-2 is movably arranged in B shaft stool 7-1 by two B axle bearing 7-9, B axle 7-2 is rotated in B shaft stool 7-1, described B axle bearing 7-9 adopts deep groove ball bearing, by B axle positioning sleeve, 7-10 positions B axle 7-2, one end of B axle 7-2 is fixedly connected with B bracing strut 7-4 by bolt, the other end is fixedly connected with B axle large drive wheel 7-5 by bolt, in B axle, drive 7-6 and one of them B axle brief biography driving wheel 7-7 are arranged in the B through-drive wheel fulcrum installing hole of A bracing strut 6-5 by B through-drive wheel fulcrum 7-11 and two B through-drive wheel bearing 7-12, B spindle motor 7-13 is arranged on A bracing strut 6-5, described B spindle motor 7-13 adopts stepper motor, another B axle brief biography driving wheel 7-7 is arranged in the rotating shaft of B spindle motor 7-13, B spindle motor 7-13 is by two B axle brief biography driving wheel 7-7, drive 7-6 in B axle, article two, B through-drive band 7-8 is connected with B axle large drive wheel 7-5, drive B axle large drive wheel 7-5 by B spindle motor 7-13, B axle 7-2 and B bracing strut 7-4 rotate around B axle, described B direction of principal axis is vertical with A direction of principal axis, described B bracing strut 7-4 is provided with the bar-shaped trough of hollow, and bar-shaped trough two ends are provided with Z axis bearing block.
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, Z axis linear feed unit 8 comprises Z axis ball screw 8-1, Z axis guide rail 8-2, Z axis shaft coupling 8-3, Z axis nut seat 8-4, Z axis screw mandrel positioning sleeve 8-5 and Z axis motor 8-8,
Two Z axis guide rail 8-2 of described Z axis linear feed unit 8 are separately positioned on the bar-shaped trough both sides of B bracing strut 7-4, article two, Z axis guide rail 8-2 is provided with Z axis slide block 8-6, Z axis ball screw 8-1 is arranged on Z axis bearing block by Z axis screw mandrel positioning sleeve 8-5 and Z axis bearing, Z axis bearing adopts deep groove ball bearing, Z axis ball screw 8-1 one end is connected with Z axis motor 8-8 by Z axis shaft coupling 8-3, Z axis ball screw 8-1 is provided with Z axis nut seat 8-4, Z axis nut seat 8-4 is connected with the nut 8-7 of Z axis ball screw 8-1, described Z axis motor adopts stepper motor, Z axis motor 8-8 is arranged on the Z axis motor mount of B bracing strut 7-4.
As shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12, C axle swivel feeding unit 9 comprises C shaft stool 9-1, C axle 9-2, C shaft drive 9-3, broach shell 9-4 and C bracing strut 9-6, C shaft stool 9-1 is arranged on the Z axis slide block 8-6 and Z axis nut seat 8-4 of Z axis linear feed unit 8, drive C axle swivel feeding unit 9 to move linearly along Z axis ball screw 8-1 by Z axis linear feed unit 8, described C bracing strut 9-6 is arranged in a side of C shaft stool 9-1, C bracing strut 9-6 and C shaft stool 9-1 are provided with corresponding bar hole, C axle 9-2 and broach shell 9-4 are installed in C bracing strut 9-6 successively, described C axle 9-2 is movably arranged in C bracing strut 9-6 by two C axle bearing 9-7, described C axle bearing 9-7 adopts deep groove ball bearing, described C shaft drive 9-3 adopts C axle first level transmission device, C axle first level transmission device comprises C spindle motor 9-5, large drive wheel 9-10, brief biography driving wheel 9-11 and driving-belt, C spindle motor 9-5 is arranged on the opposite side of C shaft stool 9-1, described C spindle motor 9-5 adopts stepper motor, brief biography driving wheel 9-11 is arranged on C spindle motor 9-5, large drive wheel 9-10 is arranged on C axle 9-2, greatly, brief biography driving wheel 9-10, 9-11 passes bar hole by driving-belt and is connected, drive C axle 9-2 to rotate around C axle by C spindle motor 9-5, cutter 10 is arranged in C axle 9-2 by broach shell 9-4, described broach shell 9-4 flare, by locking nut 9-9 and tie down screw 9-8, cutter 10 is fixed in broach shell 9-4.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows:
1) the utlity model has X-axis, Y-axis, three Linear feed mechanisms of Z axis and A axle, B axle, three rotating feed mechanisms of C axle.Move all around that grinding wheel structure is realized grinding wheel structure by Y-axis Linear feed mechanism and X-axis Linear feed mechanism, and Y-axis is mutually vertical with X-axis, realize the primary feed shuttling movement of emery wheel by the motion that cooperatively interacts of Y-axis Linear feed mechanism and X-axis Linear feed mechanism; Rotate around A axle by A axle rotating feed mechanism band cutter, rotate around B axle by B axle rotating feed mechanism band cutter, move forward and backward on Z axis Linear feed mechanism by Z axis Linear feed mechanism band cutter, rotate around C axle by C axle rotating feed mechanism band cutter, pass through six-axis linkage, adjust more accurately the optimum position of emery wheel and cutter, realize the arbitrarily angled processing to cutter.
2) the utility model, by the relative position of A, B, tri-rotating feed mechanism automatic adjusting tools of C and emery wheel, has changed and had adopted the position of manually adjusting cutter in the past, makes more convenient operation, laborsaving.
3) B axle is mutually vertical with A axle, B direction of principal axis changes along with the rotation of A axle rotating feed mechanism, C axle is mutually vertical with B axle, C direction of principal axis changes by the rotation of A axle rotating feed mechanism and B axle rotating feed mechanism, B axle, C axle and A axle at space intersection in a bit, described A axle, B axle and C axle are A axles at the intersection point of space intersection, the origin of coordinates of B axle and C axle, this intersection point is made as to A axle, the origin of coordinates of B axle and C axle, be convenient to control system and regulate A, B, tri-rotating feed mechanisms of C, simplify the amount of calculation of system, make programming more directly perceived, and adjust each rotating shaft between angle also more accurate, thereby make the workpiece accuracy of processing higher.

Claims (10)

1. the feed mechanism of a small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device, comprise lathe (2) and be arranged on the feed mechanism of lathe, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism is made up of Linear feed mechanism and rotating feed mechanism, Linear feed mechanism comprises X-axis linear feed unit (5), Y-axis linear feed unit (4) and Z axis linear feed unit (8), rotating feed mechanism comprises A axle swivel feeding unit (6), B axle swivel feeding unit (7) and C axle swivel feeding unit (9), described Y-axis linear feed unit (4), X-axis linear feed unit (5) superposes each other and is arranged on a side of lathe (2), described A axle swivel feeding unit (6), B axle swivel feeding unit (7), Z axis linear feed unit (8) and C axle swivel feeding unit (9) superpose each other and are arranged on the opposite side of lathe (2), form A axle swivel feeding unit (6) around A axle, B axle swivel feeding unit (7) around B axle and C axle swivel feeding unit (9) the three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism around the rotation of C axle, when three-shaft linkage formula rotating feed mechanism drives A axle, B axle and the interlock of C axle, drive X-axis linear feed unit, Y-axis linear feed unit and Z axis linear feed unit interlock feeding, form six-axis linkage feed mechanism, wherein, B axle is mutually vertical with A axle, B direction of principal axis changes along with the rotation of A axle swivel feeding unit (6), C axle is mutually vertical with B axle, C direction of principal axis changes by the rotation of A axle swivel feeding unit (6) and B axle swivel feeding unit (7), B axle, C axle and A axle are at space intersection in a bit, and described A axle, B axle and C axle form the origin of coordinates of A axle, B axle and C axle at the intersection point of space intersection.
2. the feed mechanism of a kind of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Y-axis linear feed unit (4) and X-axis linear feed unit (5) are provided with grinding wheel structure (3), described grinding wheel structure (3) is along X-axis and Y-axis rectilinear movement, and Y-axis is mutually vertical with X-axis.
3. the feed mechanism of a kind of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described Y-axis linear feed unit (4) comprises Y-axis pedestal (4-1), Y-axis ball screw (4-3), y-axis motor (4-6) and two Y-axis guide rails (4-4), described Y-axis ball screw (4-3) and two Y-axis guide rails (4-4) are arranged on a side of lathe (2) by Y-axis pedestal (4-1), one end of Y-axis ball screw (4-3) is connected with y-axis motor (4-6), described Y-axis pedestal (4-1) and lathe (2) structure that is formed in one.
4. the feed mechanism of a kind of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described X-axis linear feed unit (5) comprises saddle (5-1), X-axis ball screw (5-3), X-axis motor (5-6) and two X-axis guide rails (5-5), X-axis ball screw (5-3) and two X-axis guide rails (5-5) are arranged on saddle (5-1), one end of X-axis ball screw (5-3) is connected with X-axis motor (5-6), saddle (5-1) is arranged on Y-axis linear feed unit (4), drive X-axis linear feed unit (5) moving along y-axis shift by Y-axis linear feed unit (4).
5. the feed mechanism of a kind of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on described A axle swivel feeding unit (6), B axle swivel feeding unit (7), Z axis linear feed unit (8) and C axle swivel feeding unit (9), cutter (10) is set, by driving mechanism band cutter (10), around A axle, B axle and the rotation of C axle, band cutter (10) above moves linearly at Z axis linear feed unit (8).
6. a kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: described A axle swivel feeding unit (6) comprises A shaft stool (6-1), A axle (6-2), A shaft drive (6-4) and A bracing strut (6-5), A shaft stool (6-1) is arranged on the opposite side of lathe (2), A axle (6-2) is movably arranged in A shaft stool (6-1), and be connected with A shaft stool (6-1) rotary type, A shaft drive (6-4) is connected with A bracing strut (6-5) by A axle (6-2), drive A bracing strut (6-5) to rotate around A axle by A shaft drive (6-4).
7. a kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: described B axle swivel feeding unit (7) comprises B shaft stool (7-1), B axle (7-2), B shaft drive (7-3) and B bracing strut (7-4), B shaft stool (7-1) is arranged on the A bracing strut (6-5) of A axle rotating feed mechanism (6), B axle (7-2) is movably arranged in B shaft stool (7-1), and be connected with B shaft stool (7-1) rotary type, B shaft drive (7-3) is connected with B bracing strut (7-4) by B axle (7-2), drive B bracing strut (7-4) to rotate around B axle by B shaft drive (7-3).
8. a kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: Z axis linear feed unit (8) comprises Z axis ball screw (8-1) and two Z axis guide rails (8-2), described Z axis ball screw (8-1) and two Z axis guide rails (8-2) are arranged on the B bracing strut (7-4) of B axle swivel feeding unit (7).
9. a kind of feed mechanism of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: described C axle swivel feeding unit (9) comprises C shaft stool (9-1), C axle (9-2), C shaft drive (9-3) and C bracing strut (9-4), C shaft stool (9-1) is arranged on Z axis linear feed unit (8), drive C axle swivel feeding unit (9) to move linearly along Z axis ball screw (8-1), described C bracing strut (9-4) is arranged on C shaft stool (9-1), in described C bracing strut (9-4), be provided with C axle (9-2), drive C axle (9-2) to rotate around C axle by C shaft drive (9-3), cutter (10) is arranged in C axle (9-1).
10. the feed mechanism of a kind of small-sized six-axis linkage knife sharpening device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described A axle, B axle, C axle form respectively the axial line of A axle swivel feeding unit (6), B axle axle rotating feed mechanism (7), C axle rotating feed mechanism (9).
CN201320712823.8U 2013-11-12 2013-11-12 Feed mechanism of small six-axis linkage knife grinder Expired - Fee Related CN203622203U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103600292A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-26 广州市技师学院 Feeding mechanism of small six-axis linkage knife grinder
CN106826424A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-06-13 金国品 Circular knife grinder

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103600292A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-26 广州市技师学院 Feeding mechanism of small six-axis linkage knife grinder
CN103600292B (en) * 2013-11-12 2017-02-15 广州市技师学院 Feeding mechanism of small six-axis linkage knife grinder
CN106826424A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-06-13 金国品 Circular knife grinder
CN106826424B (en) * 2017-03-16 2019-02-15 金国品 Circular knife grinder

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