CN203619658U - Orbital floor plate - Google Patents

Orbital floor plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203619658U
CN203619658U CN 201320585550 CN201320585550U CN203619658U CN 203619658 U CN203619658 U CN 203619658U CN 201320585550 CN201320585550 CN 201320585550 CN 201320585550 U CN201320585550 U CN 201320585550U CN 203619658 U CN203619658 U CN 203619658U
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region
orbital
end
orbital floor
elongated
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CN 201320585550
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Chinese (zh)
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林永刚
兰成营
龚连宇
李爱娟
李春来
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天津康立尔生物科技有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model provides an orbital floor plate which comprises an upper surface, a lower surface, an isosceles trapezoid region, two elongated regions, two adhesion regions and four fixing regions. The lower surface is in contact with the skeleton of a patient; a bottom edge of the isosceles trapezoid region is slightly longer than a top edge of the isosceles trapezoid region; one end of each elongated region is connected to the inner side position of one of two sides of the isosceles trapezoid region; one end of each adhesion region is connected to one of the two ends of the top edge of the isosceles trapezoid region; a plurality of drainage holes are formed in each region; the fixing regions are elongated, a row of screw holes is formed in each fixing region, and the fixing regions are respectively connected to the lower ends of the two elongated regions and the bottom edge of the isosceles trapezoid region. The orbital floor plate has the advantages that the shape of the bone plate is close to that of the orbital floor of a patient, and the orbital floor plate can cling to the orbital floor of the patient easily; the drainage holes are favorable for circulating tissue liquid fluid on the upper surface and the lower surface of the bone plate; the orbital floor plate also can cover large defect areas of the orbital floor of the patient.

Description

—种眼眶眶底板 - the kind of orbit orbital floor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及颅颌面接骨板领域,尤其涉及一种眼眶眶底板。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of craniofacial bone plate, and particularly to a orbital orbital floor.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以往颅颌面骨缺损常常采用牙间结扎、骨间接扎固定、颌间牵引、克氏针、牙弓板等方法进行治疗,存在着损伤大、固位差、进食困难等缺点。 [0002] The conventional craniofacial bone defect interdental ligation is often used, bone fixation bar indirectly, intermaxillary traction, the method Kirschner, arch plate treatment, there is a drawback large injury, solid difference, eating difficulties. 现在一般使用接骨板治疗颅颌面骨缺损,但一般接骨板普遍存在通用性不强,解剖形态恢复效果不理想等缺点。 Bone plates typically used today craniofacial bone defect treatment, but generally the prevalence of the bone plate are not universal, the anatomy of the restoration is not ideal and other shortcomings.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型要解决的问题是提供一种眼眶眶底板,尤其适合直接应用在眼眶底部骨缺损修复和重建等技术领域。 [0003] The present invention to solve the problem is to provide an orbital orbital floor, especially for direct application in the technical field and the bottom orbital reconstruction of bone defects.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本实用新型采用的技术方案是:一种眼眶眶底板,包括一上表面、一与骨骼接触的下表面、一等腰梯形区域、两长条区域、两附着区域和四个固定区域; [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention uses the technical solution is: A orbital orbital floor, comprising an upper surface, a lower surface in contact with the bone, a isosceles trapezoid regions, two elongated region, two attachment region and four fixed region;

[0005] 所述等腰梯形区域、两长条区域、两附着区域上均匀分布有多个引流孔,引导细胞组织液通过引流孔在接骨板上下表面流通,且与四个固定区域的上下表面分别在同一平面上; [0005] The isosceles trapezoidal area, two elongate regions, evenly distributed on both attachment region with a plurality of drainage holes, the guide surface of the fluid flow in the tissue at the drainage hole through the bone plate, and the upper and lower surfaces, respectively four fixing region on the same plane;

[0006] 所述等腰梯形区域下底边略长于上底边,上底边处为内侧,下底边处为外侧,此为适合于眼眶底部的形状,用于固定眼眶底部的缺损部位; [0006] The isosceles trapezoidal base area slightly longer than the bottom edge, the bottom edge of the inner side, the outer side of the bottom edge, which is adapted to the shape of the bottom of the eyes, fixed to the bottom of the orbital defect site;

[0007] 所述两长条区域的一端分别连接在所述等腰梯形区域两腰的偏内侧部位,使其能够贴合在眼眶靠近底部的两侧,也使得所述等腰梯形区域能够全部贴合在眼眶底部,增大了可固定的骨骼面积; [0007] One end of the two elongated partial areas are connected to the inner part of the isosceles trapezoid two waist regions, it can be bonded to both sides near the bottom in the eyes, but also can be such that all of the isosceles trapezoid region bonding the bottom of the eyes, increased bone area may be fixed;

[0008] 所述两附着区域的一端分别连接在所述等腰梯形区域上底边的两端,辅助固定所述等腰梯形区域; [0008] The two end attachment areas are connected to both ends of the base of the isosceles trapezoid in the region, the auxiliary fixing isosceles trapezoidal area;

[0009] 所述固定区域为长条状,其上设有一排螺钉孔,其中两个固定区域的一端分别连接在所述两长条区域的下端,另两个固定区域的一端分别连接在所述等腰梯形区域下底边上。 [0009] The fixed elongated region, which is provided with a row of screw holes, wherein the two regions are connected to one end is fixed at a lower end of said two elongated region, the other two fixed end regions are respectively connected to the said bottom edge of the isosceles trapezoidal area.

[0010] 作为优选,所述等腰梯形区域的最底端沿下底边方向设有一排较大的圆形引流孔,使其在眼眶的边缘能够增大引流幅度,更有利于骨骼的修复。 [0010] Advantageously, the isosceles trapezoidal region along the bottom of the bottom row direction is provided with a larger circular drainage holes, so that it is possible to increase the drainage edge orbit amplitude, is more conducive to bone repair .

[0011] 作为优选,所述等腰梯形区域中间部位设有两个首尾对应排成一列的沿高方向的条形引流孔,靠近外侧部位设有两个首尾对应排成一排的沿下底边方向的条形引流孔,使得该区域的接骨板易于纵向弯曲一定弧度以贴合眼眶底部,靠近外侧部位易于横向弯曲使得固定区域易于固定。 [0011] Advantageously, the isosceles trapezoidal area corresponding to the intermediate portion is provided with two aligned end to end of a drainage hole in the strip direction is high, close to the outer part is provided with two end to end in a row along the corresponding lower base drainage hole direction of the strip, such that the bone plate in the region is easily bent at the longitudinal curvature to fit the bottom of the eyes, the outer part near the transverse bend so easily fixed region is easy to fix.

[0012] 作为优选,与所述等腰梯形区域下底边连接的两个固定区域分别连接在所述下底边上距其端点约四分之一处,使等腰梯形区域受力均匀。 [0012] Preferably, the base connected to the two fixing areas of the isosceles trapezoid region are connected at about a quarter of the lower end from its bottom edge, so that uniform force isosceles trapezoid area.

[0013] 作为优选,所述两长条区域的外端分别向远离该等腰梯形区域的方向倾斜一定角度,使其更易贴合在眼眶的两侧。 [0013] each inclined at an angle in a direction away from the area of ​​the isosceles trapezoid as the outer ends Preferably, the two strip areas, making it easier to fit the sides of the eyes.

[0014] 作为优选,所述两附着区域呈倒八字状,使得辅助固定效果更好。 [0014] Advantageously, the attachment region two inverted V shape, such that the auxiliary fixed better.

[0015] 作为优选,跟两长条区域相连接的固定区域与所述等腰梯形区域对应的腰所成的角度略大于对应的长条区域与该腰所成的角度,使这两个固定区域更易弯折固定。 [0015] Advantageously, the fixed area with two elongated region connected to the isosceles trapezoid waist region corresponding to the angle slightly larger than the corresponding region of the elongate waist angle formed by the two fixing more flex fixing region.

[0016] 作为优选,所述固定区域上的螺钉孔为圆形螺钉孔,且其上设有沉孔,能够将螺钉的沉头隐藏在沉孔中,不会突出于板面之上,避免对颌面皮部造成磨损。 [0016] Advantageously, the screw hole in the fixing region is a circular screw holes, and which is provided with a counter bore, the screw countersunk head can be hidden in the sink hole, it does not protrude above the plate surface, to avoid facial skin caused by wear and tear on the unit.

[0017] 作为优选,该眼眶眶底板的边缘呈弧形,用以避免接骨板边缘对其接触组织的磨损。 [0017] Advantageously, the edges of the curved orbit of the orbital floor, the edges of the bone plate to avoid its contact with the tissue to wear.

[0018] 作为优选,所述眼眶眶底板的制作材料为有生物特性的钛板,减少了缺损部位各个组织对接骨板的排斥,而且当缺损部位修复后,钛板仍可留在体内不取出。 [0018] Advantageously, the orbital orbital floor material made of titanium have biological properties, each defect site reduces tissue rejection of the bone plate, and when the defect repaired, titanium may remain in the body without removing .

[0019] 本实用新型具有的优点和积极效果是:采用上述技术方案,使得该接骨板形状更加与眼眶底部形状接近,也更加易于同眼眶底部相贴合;引流孔的设计有利于接骨板上下表面组织液的流通;当眼眶底部有较大的缺损面积时,本实用新型同样能够覆盖。 [0019] The present invention has the advantages and positive effects are: the above technical solution, so that the bone plate shape closer to the orbital bottom shape, easier to bottom with orbital phase bonded; drainage hole design is conducive to the bone plate flow-through surface of the tissue; and when there is a large area of ​​the bottom of orbital defects, the present invention can likewise be covered.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 图1是眼眶眶底板结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram orbital orbital floor structure.

[0021] 图中:1、等腰梯形区域2、长条区域3、附着区域4、固定区域5、条形引流孔6、引流孔7、较大的圆形引流孔8、螺钉孔9、上底边10、下底边11、腰 [0021] FIG: 1, isosceles trapezoidal area 2, area 3 long, the attachment region 4, a fixed region 5, strip-shaped drainage aperture 6, the drainage holes 7, 8 larger circular drainage holes, screw holes 9, on the base 10, the base 11, the waist

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0022] 下面结合附图及具体实施方式对本实用新型作进一步说明。 [0022] The following further explanation of the invention as the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0023] 如图1所示,在本实施例中,本实用新型包括一上表面、一与骨骼接触的下表面、一等腰梯形区域1、两长条区域2、两附着区域3和四个固定区域4。 [0023] 1, in the present embodiment 2, two attachment region of the present invention includes an upper surface, a lower surface in contact with the bone, a region of an isosceles trapezoid, two long and four regions 3 fixed region 4.

[0024] 等腰梯形区域1、两长条区域2、两附着区域3和四个固定区域4的上下表面分别在同一平面上。 [0024] isosceles trapezoidal area 1, 2, two attachment region 3 and the region of two elongate upper and lower surfaces, respectively four fixing region 4 on the same plane.

[0025] 等腰梯形区域I下底边10略长于上底边9,上底边9处为内侧,下底边10处为外侧。 [0025] I isosceles trapezoid region 10 is slightly longer than the lower base of the bottom edge 9, 9 at the bottom edge of the inner side, the bottom edge 10 of the outer side.

[0026] 两长条区域2的一端分别连接在等腰梯形区域I两腰11的偏内侧部位,外端分别向远离该等腰梯形区域I的方向倾斜一定角度。 [0026] One end of two elongated region 2 are connected to the partial region of the inner part of an isosceles trapezoid 11 I loins outer ends are inclined at an angle in a direction away from the region I of the isosceles trapezoid.

[0027] 两附着区域3的一端分别连接在等腰梯形区域I上底边9的两端,呈倒八字状。 End of [0027] two attachment region 3 are respectively connected to both ends of an isosceles trapezoidal area I of the base 9, inverted V shape.

[0028] 在等腰梯形区域1、两长条区域2和两附着区域3上均匀分布有多个引流孔6,且等腰梯形区域I的最底端沿下底边10方向设有一排较大的圆形引流孔7,中间部位设有两个首尾对应排成一列的沿高方向的条形引流孔5,靠近外侧部位设有两个首尾对应排成一排的沿下底边10方向的条形引流孔5。 [0028] In isosceles trapezoidal area 1, area 2, and two elongated attachment region two 3 evenly distributed over a plurality of drainage holes 6, and the bottom of the isosceles trapezoid in the region I under the direction of the base 10 is provided with a row of relatively large circular drainage holes 7, corresponding to the intermediate portion is provided with two aligned end to end along a height direction of the strip-shaped drainage aperture 5, near the outer portion 10 is provided at the bottom edge of two directions corresponding to a row end to end along drainage hole 5 bar.

[0029] 固定区域4为长条状,其上设有一排具有沉孔结构的螺钉孔8,其中两个固定区域4的一端分别连接在两长条区域2的下端,且其与等腰梯形区域I对应的腰11所成的角度略大于对应的长条区域2与该腰11所成的角度,另两个固定区域4的一端分别连接在等腰梯形区域I下底边10上距其端点约四分之一处。 [0029] fixing region 4 is elongated, which is provided with a screw hole having a counterbore row structure 8, wherein one of the two fixing areas 4 are connected to the lower end of the two elongated region 2, and an isosceles trapezoid and which 11 waist region I corresponds to an angle slightly greater than the corresponding strip of the waist region 2 and the angle 11, the other two fixed end regions 4 are connected to the I region of the isosceles trapezoid base 10 from its at about a quarter of the endpoint.

[0030] 该眼眶眶底板的边缘呈弧形,制作材料为有生物特性的钛板。 [0030] edge of the curved orbit of the orbital floor, for the production of materials having biological properties of titanium. [0031] 本实用新型在眼眶底部有损伤时使用,尤其是当眼眶底部有较大面积的损伤时优势更为明显;在使用时,先将等腰梯形区域I贴合在受伤的眼眶底部,条形引流孔5的存在使其更易弯曲,再利用贴合在眼眶两侧的长条区域2和眼眶内侧的附着区域3使其贴合更加的牢固和紧密,最后将固定区域4弯折到眼眶的外侧,用骨螺钉固定;使用较为方便,也使得骨骼的修复效果更好。 Injury when using [0031] In the present invention, the bottom of the eyes, especially when the bottom orbital injury is more obvious when there is a large area; in use, the first isosceles trapezoidal area I is bonded to the bottom of the injured eyes, the presence of drainage holes 5 bar makes it more flexible, recycling bonded attachment regions on both sides of the elongated region orbital and orbital 2 3 inside it and firmly bonded more tightly, and finally fixed to the bent region 4 the lateral orbital and fixed with bone screws; more convenient to use, but also makes better bone repair effect.

[0032] 以上实施方式对本实用新型进行了详细说明,但所述内容仅为本实用新型的较佳实施例,不能被认为用于限定本实用新型的实施范围。 [0032] The embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail new, but only the content of the present invention a preferred embodiment, not to be considered for defining the scope of the present invention. 凡依本实用新型申请范围所作的均等变化与改进等,均应仍归属于本实用新型的专利涵盖范围之内。 Where alterations of improvement under this Utility Model Application range made shall yet fall within the present invention scope of the patent.

Claims (10)

1.一种眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:包括一上表面、一与骨骼接触的下表面、一等腰梯形区域(I)、两长条区域(2)、两附着区域(3)和四个固定区域(4); 所述等腰梯形区域(I)、两长条区域(2)、两附着区域(3)上均匀分布有多个引流孔(6),且与四个固定区域(4)的上下表面分别在同一平面上; 所述等腰梯形区域(I)下底边(10)略长于上底边(9),上底边(9)处为内侧,下底边(10)处为外侧; 所述两长条区域(2)的一端分别连接在所述等腰梯形区域(I)两腰(11)的偏内侧部位; 所述两附着区域(3)的一端分别连接在所述等腰梯形区域(I)上底边(9)的两端; 所述固定区域(4)为长条状,其上设有一排螺钉孔(8),其中两个固定区域(4)的一端分别连接在所述两长条区域(2)的下端,另两个固定区域(4)的一端分别连接在所述等腰梯形区域(I)下底边(10)上。 An orbital orbital floor, characterized by: comprising an upper surface, a lower surface in contact with the bone, an isosceles trapezoidal area (the I), two elongated region (2), two attachment region (3) and tetrakis fixed region (4); said isosceles trapezoidal area (the I), the two strip areas (2), two attachment region (3) are evenly distributed a plurality of drainage holes (6), and four fixed region ( 4) the upper and lower surfaces are in the same plane; the isosceles trapezoidal area (I) under the base (10) is slightly longer than the upper base (9), the base (9) at the inner, lower base (10 ) at the outer side; one end of the two elongated region (2) are connected in the region isosceles trapezoid (I) two waist (11) of the medial portion; the two end attachment area (3) are connected isosceles trapezoid in the region (I) on both ends of the base (9); said fixing region (4) of elongated shape, which is provided with a row of screw holes (8), wherein two fixing areas (4 lower end) connected to one end of each of said two elongated region (2) and the other two fixed end regions (4) are connected to the lower base (10) of the isosceles trapezoidal area (I).
2.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:所述等腰梯形区域(I)的最底端沿下底边(10)方向设有一排较大的圆形引流孔(7)。 The orbital floor of the orbit as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the isosceles trapezoidal area (I) in the row direction is provided with a larger circular drainage holes (7 along the lower base (10) ).
3.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:所述等腰梯形区域(I)中间部位设有两个首尾对应排成一列的沿高方向的条形引流孔(5),靠近外侧部位设有两个首尾对应排成一排的沿下底边(10)方向的条形引流孔(5)。 The orbital floor of the orbit as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said isosceles trapezoidal area (I) corresponding to the intermediate portion is provided with two end to end in a row along a strip-shaped drainage hole depth direction (5), the outer part is provided near the bottom edge strip drainage holes (10) in a direction along a row corresponding to the two end to end (5).
4.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:与所述等腰梯形区域(I)下底边(10)连接的两个固定区域(4)分别连接在所述下底边(10)上距其端点约四分之一处。 The orbital floor of the orbit as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said isosceles trapezoidal area (I) under the base (10) two fixing areas (4) connecting the lower base are connected at about one quarter from its upper end (10).
5.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:所述两长条区域(2)的外端分别向远离该等腰梯形区域(I)的方向倾斜一定角度。 The orbital floor of the orbit as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: an outer end of said two elongated region (2) are inclined at an angle in a direction away from the isosceles trapezoidal area (I) is.
6.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:所述两附着区域(3)呈倒八字状。 The orbital floor of the orbit as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said two attachment region (3) has an inverted V shape.
7.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:跟两长条区域(2)相连接的固定区域(3)与所述等腰梯形区域(I)对应的腰(11)所成的角度略大于对应的长条区域(2)与该腰(11)所成的角度。 The orbital floor of the orbit as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fixed area with two elongated region (2) connected to (3) corresponding to the waist (11) of the isosceles trapezoidal area (I), slightly larger than the angle corresponding to the long area (2) and the angle of the waist (11).
8.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:所述固定区域(4)上的螺钉孔(8)为圆形螺钉孔,且其上设有沉孔。 8. The orbital floor of the orbital claim 1, wherein: the fixing screw hole region (8) on (4) is circular screw holes, and which is provided with a counter bore.
9.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:该眼眶眶底板的边缘呈弧形。 9. The orbital floor of the orbital claim 1, characterized in that: the edges of the arcuate orbital orbital floor.
10.根据权利要求1所述的眼眶眶底板,其特征在于:该眼眶眶底板的制作材料为有生物特性的钛板。 10. The orbital floor of the orbital claim 1, wherein: the orbit of the orbital floor material made of titanium biological properties.
CN 201320585550 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Orbital floor plate CN203619658U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106456220A (en) * 2014-06-11 2017-02-22 卡尔·莱宾格医疗技术有限责任两合公司 Method for manufacturing a patient-specific eye socket covering grid and patient-specific eye socket covering grid

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106456220A (en) * 2014-06-11 2017-02-22 卡尔·莱宾格医疗技术有限责任两合公司 Method for manufacturing a patient-specific eye socket covering grid and patient-specific eye socket covering grid

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