CN203552032U - Cooling linkage control device of open type dairy cow production system - Google Patents

Cooling linkage control device of open type dairy cow production system Download PDF

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CN203552032U
CN203552032U CN201320681473.3U CN201320681473U CN203552032U CN 203552032 U CN203552032 U CN 203552032U CN 201320681473 U CN201320681473 U CN 201320681473U CN 203552032 U CN203552032 U CN 203552032U
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cowshed
cooling
milk cow
control
sports ground
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施正香
李�浩
丁涛
颜志辉
王朝元
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model relates to a cooling linkage control device of an open type dairy cow production system, which is characterized by comprising an upper computer, a coordinator, a communication module, a plurality of cowhouse control nodes, a plurality of cowhouse cooling execution mechanisms, a plurality of playground control nodes, a plurality of playground cooling execution mechanisms, a power supply, gate counters arranged on a passage way between each cowhouse and a corresponding playground, and respiratory rate sensors arranged on the back of each cow, wherein the cow cooling execution mechanism comprises a spray device and a fan which are arranged in the cow cooling execution mechanism, and the playground cooling execution mechanism comprises a spray device and a sunshade net which are arranged in the playground cooling execution mechanism. According to the cooling linkage control device provided by the utility model, each cowhouse in the overall open type farm and the corresponding playground form an independent linkage control area, and the cowhouses and the playgrounds are integrally combined into a common linkage control system, thereby realizing the application effects of energy conservation and high efficiency to the greatest extent. The cooling linkage control device of the open type dairy cow production system can be widely applied to open type dairy cow breeding.

Description

A kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of livestock and poultry environment control unit, particularly about a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device.
Background technology
Oneself becomes a key factor of restriction China Dairy Industry summer high temperature weather, and He Sitanniu is cold-resistant, and To Be Protected from Heat, it is reported that temperature is in the time of 21 ℃ to 27 ℃, and milk production and butterfat percnetage start slow decreasing, surpasses 27 ℃ of milk productions and significantly declines.Conventionally, if meet with hot weather extremely of continuous a few days, even can cause milk cow dead, cause huge economic loss.At present, the most dairy cow farms of China adopt opening mode breeding milk cow, are mainly following three types: the system of simple open cowshed, simple sports ground and open cowshed and sports ground combination.Because the environment conditioning of open feeding system is limited in one's ability, the milk cow under this kind of raising situation more should be paid attention in the heat stress situation in summer.
For the cold-resistant feature that To Be Protected from Heat of milk cow, at summer high temperature, must take suitable cooling measure season, to alleviate the heat stress situation of milk cow.In engineering application, indoor normal use ox body spray, carries out trickle to milk cow body surface, promotes moisture evaporation, to reach cooling object with rear venting.On playing field, take the measures such as sunshade, by reducing solar radiation to reduce heat stress pressure.At cowshed cooling system, control design aspect at present perfect not enough, research for cooling in summer equipment is uneven, seldom pointed automatic control system, mostly be manual operation, can not carry out suitable regulation and control with reference to the different environmental baseline in the external world, hysteresis quality is obvious, directly has influence on the remission effect of heat stress.
In addition, even if adopt automatic control mode in existing system, choosing of control model and control parameter, the general also simple environmental index around cowshed, do not contact the physical signs of milk cow, can not make corresponding adjusting to the true reflection of milk cow, therefore can not reach best regulating effect.In actual production, respiratory rate is to evaluate a major physiological parameter of cow heat stress situation, but the application around respiratory rate in producing at present only rests on the heat stress situation that relies on its understanding milk cow, aspect environment conditioning, also without any a kind of equipment, it is controlled to required parameter as a kind of, this has also just caused the disconnection of the actual impression of control system and milk cow indirectly, has reduced the result of use of control system.
Needs due to milk cow life habit, most cattle farms are that milk cow has been equipped with sports ground, except the time of feed and rest, in one day, milk cow has considerable time to rest on sports ground, particularly during the broiling summer, cowshed internal environment regulates and controls in not good enough situation, and milk cow even can rest on sports ground all day, this just requires sports ground to have a good environmental monitoring and regulate and control method, and investigates at present known any correlation technique of substantially not using in cattle farm.
Divided by first-class aspects, in the most open cattle farms of China, existing monitor and control facility is controlled target and is centered around in house, the cooling of sports ground and cowshed inside is not controlled and is combined.When sports ground is gone in the spray position that most milk cows have left cowshed, the spray system in house is still moved, or few when sports ground milk cow number, and the sunscreen spray device of sports ground does not stop, and this has just caused the waste of resource.Therefore, be necessary to design and a kind ofly can realize based on milk cow respiratory rate the control device of sports ground and cowshed interlock.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device based on respiratory rate.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is taked following technical scheme: a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device, is characterized in that: it comprises that a host computer, a telegon, a communication module, some cowshed control node, some cowshed cooling topworks, some sports grounds and control node, the cooling of some sports grounds topworks, a power supply, be arranged on described in each the gate counter on passage between cowshed and corresponding sports field and be arranged on the respiratory frequen of each milk cow back; Described cowshed cooling topworks comprises spray equipment and the blower fan setting within it, and described sports ground cooling topworks comprises spraying plant and the sunshade net device setting within it; Described in each, cowshed control node and sports ground are controlled node and are provided with environmental parameter module, central primary control module, control output module, demonstration output module and load module; Described central primary control module connects respectively described environmental parameter module, controls output module, shows output module, load module, gate counter and each respiratory frequen, and by the described telegon of the two-way connection of described communication module, the described host computer of the two-way connection of described telegon; The described environmental parameter module that described cowshed is controlled node comprises air velocity transducer, temperature sensor and the humidity sensor being arranged in cowshed, and described control output module comprises solenoid valve, relay and frequency converter; Described relay is connected described blower fan with frequency converter, described solenoid valve connects described spray equipment; The described environmental parameter that described sports ground is controlled node comprises optical sensor, air velocity transducer, temperature sensor and the humidity sensor being arranged in sports ground, the described control output module that described sports ground is controlled node comprises solenoid valve and relay, and described solenoid valve connects described spraying plant, described relay connects described sunshade net device.
Described central primary control module is single-chip microcomputer.
Described communication module adopts one of Zigbee decoding chip, RS-485 decoding chip and Ethernet decoding core.
Described demonstration output module adopts LCD system.
Described load module is keyboard.
The utility model is owing to taking above technical scheme, it has the following advantages: 1, by the respiratory rate collector that milk cow back is installed, realize the collection of milk cow respiratory rate index, cooling is controlled and connected with this index that can directly react cow heat stress situation of respiratory rate, cooling is controlled more rationally effectively.Avoided using and existingly according to external environment parameters, the strategy of lowering the temperature has been regulated and controled to the error between that this mode produces and the actual body sense of milk cow.Therefore, control method of the present utility model can improve cooling-down effect effectively.2, the utility model is for open cattle farm, respectively cowshed and sports ground are adopted to control targetedly, corresponding sensor is all set in each cowshed and sports ground and gathers environmental index, and in conjunction with milk cow respiratory rate Real-time Collection, with strong points, regulate efficiency high, economize on resources simultaneously.3, the utility model, by the gate counter on cowshed and sports ground passage, has been added up respectively the milk cow quantity on cowshed and sports ground, and then two of cowshed and sports grounds are independently combined into an interlock hierarchy of control in control area.The utility model not only forms the control area of independently linking by each cowshed in whole open farm and corresponding sports ground, simultaneously that each is whole in conjunction with forming a common interlock hierarchy of control to cowshed and sports ground, realized to greatest extent the effect of efficient energy-saving.The utility model can be widely used in open milk cattle cultivating.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model control device structural representation
Fig. 2 is that the control of the utility model cowshed is related to schematic diagram
Fig. 3 is that the control of the utility model sports ground is related to schematic diagram
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the open milk cow production system cooling of the utility model linkage control device comprises host computer 1, telegon 2, communication module 3, cowshed control node 4, cowshed cooling topworks 5, sports ground control node 6, sports ground cooling topworks 7, gate counter 8, respiratory frequen 9 and power supply 10.Wherein power supply 10 is comprised of peripheral circuit, for each consumer power supply, can be equipped with accumulator simultaneously, to avoid place power failure impact to control the cooling interlock of cowshed control and sports ground.
Host computer 1 is computing machine, and telegon 2 is network coordinator, is arranged on Office Area, cattle farm or other Long-distance Control district.Communication module 3 can be taked wire communication, also can take wireless telecommunications, and the chip of communication module 3 can adopt the purple honeybee of Zigbee() decoding chip or RS-485 decoding chip or Ethernet decoding chip etc.Host computer 1 can carry out Real-time Collection monitoring to the situation in each cowshed and each sports ground by telegon 2 and communication module 3, and the cooling linkage control device of each cowshed and each sports ground is carried out to Long-distance Control.
Due in an open cattle farm, can arrange many cowshed and with each cowshed many sports grounds one to one, and be provided with cowshed in each cowshed, control node 4, cowshed cooling topworks 5, in each sports ground corresponding with it, be provided with sports ground and control node 6, sports ground cooling topworks 7; One gate counter 8 is all set on passage between each cowshed and sports ground simultaneously, for recording from the number of milk cow in cowshed and sports ground; At each milk cow back, one respiratory frequen 9 is all set, for recording the respiratory rate of milk cow, to judge whether to need cooling.While every pair of cowshed and sports ground all can be controlled separately among a small circle, also can be connected with host computer 1 with telegon 2 by communication module 3, accept the unified of host computer 1 and control; Therefore, only take a cowshed and a corresponding sports ground is below example, and the utility model is described.
As shown in Figure 2, cowshed control node 4 of the present utility model comprises environmental parameter module 41, central primary control module 42, shows output module 43, controls output module 44 and load module 45.
The environmental parameter module 41 that cowshed is controlled node 4 comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer, the selected equal mounting temperature sensor in sampling spot place, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer in cowshed, all the sensors is all installed and parameter acquisition according to the position, sample interval of setting.Central primary control module 42 is single-chip microcomputer, core for cowshed control node 4, it is JA(junction ambient) parameter module 41, gate counter 8 and respiratory frequen 9 respectively, to gather the respiratory rate of environmental parameter, milk ox head number and the milk cow of cowshed, and after data are processed, by communication module 3 and telegon 2, be transferred to host computer 1; Host computer 1 more coordinated device 2 and communication module 3 is assigned instruction to central primary control module 42.Show that output module 43 can adopt LCD(Liquid Crystal Display, liquid crystal display) system, at on-the-spot respiratory rate and the currently used cooling method of cowshed that shows the environmental data that collects, milk ox head number, milk cow of cowshed.Control output module 44 and comprise relay, solenoid valve and frequency converter, load module 45 is external connection keyboard, in cowshed inside, cowshed is controlled to node 4 carry out field control for technician.
Cowshed of the present utility model cooling topworks 5 comprises spray equipment 51 and the blower fan 52 being arranged in cowshed, the solenoid valve of controlling output module 44 connects spray equipment 51, with controller On/Off, control relay and the frequency converter difference connecting fan 52 of output module 44, the On/Off of Control blower fan 52, the rotating speed of Frequency Converter Control blower fan 52.
Sports ground of the present utility model cooling topworks 7 comprises sunshade net device 71 and spraying plant 72.
As shown in Figure 3, sports ground control node 6 of the present utility model comprises environmental parameter module 61, central primary control module 62, shows output module 63, controls output module 64 and load module 65.
The environmental parameter module 61 that sports ground is controlled node 6 comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, air velocity transducer and optical sensor, and according to the sample interval of setting in sports ground, install, to gather temperature, humidity, wind speed and the illuminance in sports ground.Wherein, temperature sensor and humidity sensor are installed on sunshade net device 71 times, position that can wind and water preventing, and optical sensor and air velocity transducer are arranged on sunshade net device 71 outsides.Central primary control module 62 is single-chip microcomputer, core for sports ground control node 6, it is JA(junction ambient) parameter module 61, gate counter 8 and respiratory frequen 9 respectively, to gather the respiratory rate of environmental parameter, milk ox head number and the milk cow of sports ground, and after data are processed, by communication module 3 and telegon 2, be transferred to host computer 1, host computer 1 more coordinated device 2 and communication module 3 is assigned instruction to central primary control module 62.Show that output module 63 can adopt LCD system, at on-the-spot respiratory rate and the currently used cooling method of sports ground that shows the environmental data that collects, milk ox head number, milk cow of sports ground.Control output module 64 and comprise relay and solenoid valve, relay connects the sunshade net device 71 of sports ground topworks, and to control its On/Off, solenoid valve connects the spraying plant 72 of sports ground topworks, to control its On/Off.Load module 65 is external connection keyboard, for technician, sports ground is controlled to node 6 and carries out field control.
In above-described embodiment, if need manually at cowshed scene or when sports ground carries out field control, staff can pass through load module 45 or 65 input control orders, after central primary control module 42 or 62 is processed, send instruction to controlling output module 44 or 64, to drive cowshed to carry out the associative operation of heat sink 4 or sports ground cooling actuating unit 6, and then realize independent operation among a small circle.
The utility model Method And Principle is as follows: cowshed and sports ground are added up the milk cow number in region separately by being arranged on gate counter 8 on cowshed and sports ground passage, and according to the corresponding control cooling of the milk cow number in region separately situation, the cooling interlock that forms cowshed and sports ground is controlled.Group milk cow is all in cowshed entirely to suppose a certain cowshed and the sports ground corresponding with it, and when a cow head enters sports ground by cowshed, cowshed milk cow number subtracts one, and sports ground milk cow number adds one; Otherwise cowshed milk cow number adds one, sports ground milk cow number subtracts one, adds up thus the milk cow number on cowshed and sports ground.
The utility model detects the number of milk cow in cowshed by gate counter 8, different according to the number of milk cow in cowshed, is divided into three kinds of different cooling interlocks and controls.
1. as the a% of the inner milk cow number of cowshed lower than full group's number, wherein during a>0, cooling interlock is controlled and is comprised:
The cooling of cowshed is controlled:
A, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than RR1 time/min, cowshed is controlled 4 of nodes and is started monitoring function, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 are all in closed condition, wherein, RR(RespirationRate, respiratory rate), RR1 is for controlling respiratory rate threshold value 1 and RR1>0;
B, when milk cow respiratory rate is during higher than RR1 time/min, cowshed inside only starts blower fan 52, and blower fan 52 is in slow running state.Cowshed is controlled the Milking time that the interior input of node 4 has corresponding cowshed, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, cowshed is controlled the environmental parameter of 4 collection cowshed inside of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, cowshed is controlled node 4 and is continued according to the respiratory rate collecting and environmental parameter, controls accordingly.
The cooling of sports ground is controlled:
A, by air velocity transducer, judge wind conditions, if wind speed is higher than the wind speed threshold value S meter per second of setting, 5<S<20 wherein, the span of S is to draw according to experiment, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, and sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.If wind speed, lower than wind speed setting threshold value S meter per second, is carried out next step.
B, by optical sensor, judge light conditions, if the numerical value that optical sensor collects is less than the illuminance threshold value Phi lux (Lux) of setting, 1000< Φ <50000 wherein, the span of Φ is to draw according to experiment, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, and sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.When the data that collect are greater than the illuminance threshold value Phi lux of setting, carry out following step C or D or E.
C, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than RR1 time/min, only start the monitoring function that sports ground is controlled node 6, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72;
D, when milk cow respiratory rate is higher than RR1 time/min during lower than RR2 time/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71, but do not open spraying plant 72, wherein RR2 is for controlling respiratory rate threshold value 2 and 0<RR1<RR2<200;
E, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during higher than RR2 time/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71 and spraying plant 72.
Sports ground is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 6, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, sports ground is controlled 6 environmental parameters that gather on sports ground of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, sports ground is controlled node 6 and is continued according to the respiratory rate collecting and environmental parameter, controls accordingly.
2. when the inner milk cow number of cowshed is higher than the a% of full group's number during lower than the b% of full group's number, wherein the span of 0<a<b<50 and b is to draw according to the managerial experience of cattle farm, and cooling interlock is controlled and comprised:
The cooling of cowshed is controlled:
A, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than RR1 time/min, cowshed is controlled 4 of nodes and is started monitoring functions, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 are in closed condition;
B, when milk cow respiratory rate is during higher than RR1 time/min, cowshed inside only starts blower fan 52, blower fan 52 constant speeds operations.
Cowshed is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 4, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, cowshed is controlled the environmental parameter of 4 collection cowshed inside of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, cowshed is controlled node 4 and is continued to gather respiratory rate and environmental parameters, controls accordingly.
The cooling of sports ground is controlled:
A, by air velocity transducer, judge wind conditions, if wind speed higher than the wind speed threshold value S meter per second of setting, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.If wind speed, lower than wind speed setting threshold value S meter per second, is carried out next step.
B, by optical sensor, judge light conditions, if the numerical value that optical sensor collects is less than the illuminance threshold value Phi lux of setting, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, and sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.If the data that collect are greater than the illuminance threshold value Phi lux of setting, carry out following step C or D or E.
C, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than RR1 time/min, only start the monitoring function that sports ground is controlled node 6, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72;
D, when milk cow respiratory rate is higher than RR1 time/min during lower than RR2 time/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71, but does not open spraying plant 72;
E, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during higher than RR2 time/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71 and spraying plant 72.
Sports ground is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 6, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, sports ground is controlled 6 environmental parameters that gather on sports ground of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, sports ground is controlled node 6 and is continued to gather respiratory rate and environmental parameters, controls accordingly.
3. when the inner milk cow number of cowshed is during higher than the b% of full group's number, cooling interlock is controlled and is comprised:
The cooling of cowshed is controlled:
A, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than RR1 time/min, cowshed is controlled 4 of nodes and is started monitoring functions, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 are all in closed condition;
B, when milk cow respiratory rate is higher than RR1 time/min during lower than RR2 time/min, cowshed inside only starts blower fan 52, blower fan 52 constant speeds operations;
C, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during higher than RR2 time/min, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 all start, according to the difference of selecting nozzle flow, carry out different spray time duration X seconds, the environmental parameter that concrete spray gathers according to temperature sensor, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer interval time, determines according to the moisture evaporation rate under different temperatures, humidity and wind speed.
Cowshed is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 4, milk cow, goes to the milking parlour time period, and cowshed is controlled the environmental parameter of 4 collection cowshed inside of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, cowshed is controlled node 4 and is continued to gather respiratory rate and environmental parameters, carries out corresponding control.
The cooling of sports ground is controlled:
Only gather the respiratory rate frequency of corresponding environmental index and milk cow, milk cow number in statistics sports ground, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is conducted further description:
Host computer 1 is installed on Office Area, cattle farm, three lactation cowshed, and every lactation cowshed forms by a cowshed and a sports ground.A cowshed is all set in each cowshed and controls node 4, and the inner cowshed cooling topworks 5 of installing of cowshed.Every lactation cowshed length is 100m, width 10m, 260 of cows in milk are supported in every cow in milk drylot feeding, each cowshed is all equipped with a sports ground, motion field width 30m, length is identical with cowshed length, and a sports ground is all set in each sports ground and controls node 6, and cooling topworks 7 in mounted movable field in sports ground.Three positions are chosen as sampling spot in two ends and middle part at cowshed, each of the equal set temperature sensor in each position, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer; On sports ground, be equipped with each of temperature sensor, humidity sensor, optical sensor and air velocity transducer, wherein temperature sensor and humidity sensor are installed on sunshade net device 71 times, position that can wind and water preventing, optical sensor and air velocity transducer are arranged on sunshade net device 71 outsides.Respiratory frequen 9 is installed on each milk cow back.Gate counter 8 is set on the passage of cowshed and sports ground.
Detect milk cow number in cowshed, according to the difference of milk cow number, be divided into three kinds of different cooling interlocks and control.
1. when the inner milk cow number of cowshed is lower than 10% of full group's number, cooling interlock is controlled and is comprised:
The cooling of cowshed is controlled:
A, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than 50 times/min, cowshed is controlled 4 of nodes and is started monitoring functions, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 are all in closed condition;
B, when milk cow respiratory rate is during higher than 50 times/min, cowshed inside only starts blower fan 52, and blower fan 52 is in slow running state.
Cowshed is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 4, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, cowshed is controlled the environmental parameter of 4 collection cowshed inside of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, cowshed is controlled node 4 and is continued according to the respiratory rate collecting and environmental parameter, controls accordingly.
The cooling of sports ground is controlled:
A, by air velocity transducer, judge wind conditions, if wind speed higher than wind speed threshold value 10 meter per seconds of setting, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.If wind speed, lower than wind speed setting threshold value 10 meter per seconds, is carried out next step.
B, pass through optical sensor, judgement light conditions, if the numerical value that optical sensor collects is less than the illuminance threshold value 10000lux of setting, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, and sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.When the data that collect are greater than the illuminance threshold value 10000lux of setting, carry out following step C or D or E.
C, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than 50 times/min, only start the monitoring function that sports ground is controlled node 6, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72;
D, when milk cow respiratory rate is higher than 50 times/min during lower than 80 times/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71, but does not open spraying plant 72;
E, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during higher than 80 times/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71 and spraying plant 72.
Sports ground is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 6, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, sports ground is controlled 6 environmental parameters that gather on sports ground of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, sports ground is controlled node 6 and is continued according to the respiratory rate collecting and environmental parameter.
2. when the inner milk cow number of cowshed higher than full group's number 10% lower than 30% time, cooling interlock is controlled and is comprised:
The cooling of cowshed is controlled:
A, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than 50 times/min, cowshed is controlled 4 of nodes and is started monitoring functions, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 are in closed condition;
B, when milk cow respiratory rate is during higher than 50 times/min, cowshed inside only starts blower fan 52, blower fan 52 constant speeds operations.
Cowshed is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 4, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, cowshed is controlled the environmental parameter of 4 collection cowshed inside of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, cowshed is controlled node 4 and is continued to gather respiratory rate and environmental parameters.
The cooling of sports ground is controlled:
A, by air velocity transducer, judge wind conditions, if wind speed higher than wind speed threshold value 10 meter per seconds of setting, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.If wind speed, lower than wind speed setting threshold value 10 meter per seconds, is carried out next step.
B, pass through optical sensor, judgement light conditions, if the numerical value that optical sensor collects is less than the illuminance threshold value 10000lux of setting, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72, and sports ground is controlled the environmental parameter that node 6 only gathers sports ground.If the data that collect are greater than the illuminance threshold value 10000lux of setting, carry out following step C or D or E.
C, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than 50 times/min, only start the monitoring function that sports ground is controlled node 6, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72;
D, when milk cow respiratory rate is higher than 50 times/min during lower than 80 times/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71, but does not open spraying plant 72;
E, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during higher than 80 times/min, sports ground starts sunshade net device 71 and spraying plant 72.
Sports ground is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 6, and the time period of going to milking parlour to milk milk cow, sports ground is controlled 6 environmental parameters that gather on sports ground of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, sports ground is controlled node 6 and is continued to gather respiratory rate and environmental parameters.
3. when the inner milk cow number of cowshed higher than full group's number 30% time, cooling interlock is controlled and is comprised:
The cooling of cowshed is controlled:
A, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during lower than 50 times/min, cowshed is controlled 4 of nodes and is started monitoring functions, host computer 1 does not send cooling steering order, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 are all in closed condition;
B, when milk cow respiratory rate is higher than 50 times/min during lower than 80 times/min, cowshed inside only starts blower fan 52, blower fan 52 constant speeds operations;
C, when the respiratory rate of milk cow is during higher than 80 times/min, the inner spray equipment 51 of cowshed and blower fan 52 all start, use refraction type nozzle to spray, 45 seconds duration of spray, the environmental parameter that concrete spray gathers according to temperature sensor, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer interval time, determines according to the moisture evaporation rate under different temperatures, humidity and wind speed.
Cowshed is controlled the Milking time of the corresponding cowshed of the interior input of node 4, milk cow, goes to the milking parlour time period, and cowshed is controlled the environmental parameter of 4 collection cowshed inside of node.When milk cow milking completes while returning to cowshed, cowshed is controlled node 4 and is continued to gather respiratory rate and environmental parameters.
The cooling of sports ground is controlled:
Only by the corresponding environmental index of sensor collection and milk cow physiological parameter, milk cow number in statistics sports ground, sunshade net device 71 is packed up and is not started spraying plant 72.
The foregoing is only a concrete application example of the present utility model; it is controlled the concrete numerical value of parameter and also can and produce in conjunction with scientific research in the future and actually reasonably adjust; not in order to limit the utility model; all any modifications of doing within spirit of the present utility model and principle, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. an open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device, is characterized in that: it comprises that a host computer, a telegon, a communication module, some cowshed control node, some cowshed cooling topworks, some sports grounds and control node, the cooling of some sports grounds topworks, a power supply, be arranged on described in each the gate counter on passage between cowshed and corresponding sports field and be arranged on the respiratory frequen of each milk cow back; Described cowshed cooling topworks comprises spray equipment and the blower fan setting within it, and described sports ground cooling topworks comprises spraying plant and the sunshade net device setting within it;
Described in each, cowshed control node and sports ground are controlled node and are provided with environmental parameter module, central primary control module, control output module, demonstration output module and load module; Described central primary control module connects respectively described environmental parameter module, controls output module, shows output module, load module, gate counter and each respiratory frequen, and by the described telegon of the two-way connection of described communication module, the described host computer of the two-way connection of described telegon;
The described environmental parameter module that described cowshed is controlled node comprises air velocity transducer, temperature sensor and the humidity sensor being arranged in cowshed, and described control output module comprises solenoid valve, relay and frequency converter; Described relay is connected described blower fan with frequency converter, described solenoid valve connects described spray equipment;
The described environmental parameter that described sports ground is controlled node comprises optical sensor, air velocity transducer, temperature sensor and the humidity sensor being arranged in sports ground, the described control output module that described sports ground is controlled node comprises solenoid valve and relay, and described solenoid valve connects described spraying plant, described relay connects described sunshade net device.
2. a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described central primary control module is single-chip microcomputer.
3. a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described communication module adopts one of Zigbee decoding chip, RS-485 decoding chip and Ethernet decoding core.
4. a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described communication module adopts one of Zigbee decoding chip, RS-485 decoding chip and Ethernet decoding core.
5. a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that: described demonstration output module adopts LCD system.
6. a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that: described load module is keyboard.
7. a kind of open milk cow production system cooling linkage control device as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described load module is keyboard.
CN201320681473.3U 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 Cooling linkage control device of open type dairy cow production system Active CN203552032U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106873677A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-06-20 连京华 A kind of pouity dwelling place environment is patrolled and examined and regulator control system
CN107135954A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-08 南宁学院 A kind of ox cultivates automatic monitored control system
CN107256051A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-10-17 南宁学院 One kind puts automatic monitored control system in a suitable place to breed
CN107731479A (en) * 2016-05-12 2018-02-23 国网江苏省电力公司常州供电公司 A kind of power transformer is met an urgent need heat sink
CN109407624A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-03-01 天津农学院 A kind of cowshed environment conditioning system and its regulation method based on humidity-temperature index

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107731479A (en) * 2016-05-12 2018-02-23 国网江苏省电力公司常州供电公司 A kind of power transformer is met an urgent need heat sink
CN106873677A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-06-20 连京华 A kind of pouity dwelling place environment is patrolled and examined and regulator control system
CN107135954A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-08 南宁学院 A kind of ox cultivates automatic monitored control system
CN107256051A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-10-17 南宁学院 One kind puts automatic monitored control system in a suitable place to breed
CN109407624A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-03-01 天津农学院 A kind of cowshed environment conditioning system and its regulation method based on humidity-temperature index

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