The system that mounts and the connecting elements thereof of decoration panel
The utility model relates to architectural decoration field, especially relates to the system that mounts and the connecting elements thereof of decoration panel.
All the time; decoration panel construction method in indoor wall, outdoor wall surface or other structure in architectural decoration field mainly contains wet combining structured approach, cladding structured approach, wet structured approach and the gluing structured approach hung, its common step nothing more than: base treatment-basic unit snap the line-walkthrough-do attribute block-mounting decoration panel-jointing-beat clean-finished product protection of glue-facing.Above-mentioned construction method, the matrixes such as common decoration panel and metope are disposable affixed, cannot complete intact replacing, the refitting of can only destructiveness reforming, and this type of construction method is long in time limit, work efficiency is low, cost is high, most manufacture crafts and operation will complete at the construction field (site), and not only cost of labor and material cost are high, and quality difficulty is controlled, is of rude workmanship, cannot be changed.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of decoration panel can Fast Installation or dismounting and the system that mounts of arbitrarily changing at any time and connecting elements used by locking or release.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
The system that mounts of decoration panel of the present utility model, comprise column, decoration panel and described decoration panel is fixed on to the connecting elements on column, described connecting elements comprises the horizontal fastening assembly that can move back and forth up and down to be detachably connected on longitudinal fastening assembly of described column side, removably connect with decoration panel, and described longitudinal fastening assembly is connected with described horizontal fastening assembly fast demountable formula by locking office; Described longitudinal fastening assembly is provided with elastic lock, snap close is provided with keyhole, described horizontal fastening assembly is provided with the lock hook that can insert in described snap close, and there is a block lock body in described locking office, on lock body, be provided with part and stretch out the locking key outside lock body, thus in lock body, be also provided with locking key is connected, can under locking key is controlled, insert described keyhole in by snap close and lock hook lock motionless, also can from described keyhole, withdraw from the lock pin of snap close and lock hook release.
Described longitudinal fastening assembly is by longitudinal rail and be placed in guide rail and regulate and the fixing padlock module composition of snap close position, on the inner of described longitudinal rail, be integrally formed with and can be placed in the adaptive evagination slide block sliding in described direction recess with column opposite position, on described evagination slide block, be also provided with and this evagination slide block can be fixed on to the longitudinal register screwed hole in direction recess.
Described padlock assembly consists of slidable adjustment piece and snap close, and slidable adjustment piece can move around in described longitudinal rail, and it can be fixed by holding screw and longitudinal rail; Described slidable adjustment piece is provided with a rectangular indentation towards the outer end of described snap close, described lock catch part is placed in this rectangular indentation, and its inner joins with slidable adjustment piece hinge, its outer end is inclined upwardly and extends to one unsettled, cross section is the termination of circular arc protuberance, described keyhole is located at this termination, at the end face of snap close, is also provided with and can withstands on the back-moving spring that forces snap close to reset on slidable adjustment piece rectangular indentation plate.
Described horizontal fastening assembly by cross slide way and be placed in slidably in guide rail regulate and fixedly the transverse slider of lock hook position form, described cross slide way can utilize screw to be fixed on decoration panel by located lateral screwed hole;
Described lock hook and transverse slider are one-body molded, become " L " type therebetween, lock hook with arc gap, can the circular arc protuberance of adapter on termination, described snap close outer end, transverse slider can be fixed on cross slide way.
Described column is the section bar that two sides have direction recess, and two adjacent described longitudinal fastening assemblies of its both sides are connected to described column both sides; Two adjacent packaged decoration panels of described column two sides connect respectively a horizontal fastening assembly removably separately, laterally fastening assembly is connected by locking machine-operated fast demountable formula with two described longitudinal fastening assemblies more correspondingly;
The described lock body of locking office is laterally placed in the outside of two described longitudinal rails, two ends are corresponding to be respectively fixedly connected with the longitudinal rail of homonymy, and lock pin on it is removable to be horizontally through the pin-and-hole on two longitudinal rails at two ends and to insert in two keyholes on both sides.
Described lock body, lock pin and locking key are the locking office of mechanical type interlock or the locking office of electromagnetic control type, and the locking key of the locking office of described mechanical type interlock is placed in the laterally gaping of joints place of adjacent two packaged decoration panels.
Of the present utility model for mounting the connecting elements of decoration panel, it comprises two longitudinal fastening assemblies that can removably connect with column, two horizontal fastening assemblies that can removably connect with decoration panel, and described longitudinal fastening assembly is connected with described horizontal fastening assembly fast demountable formula by locking office; Described longitudinal fastening assembly is provided with elastic lock, snap close is provided with keyhole, described horizontal fastening assembly is provided with the lock hook that can insert in described snap close, and there is a block lock body in described locking office, on lock body, be provided with part and stretch out the locking key outside lock body, thus in lock body, be also provided with locking key is connected, can under locking key is controlled, insert described keyhole in by snap close and lock hook lock motionless, also can will in described keyhole, withdraw from the lock pin of snap close and lock hook release.
Described longitudinal fastening assembly consists of longitudinal rail and the slidable adjustment piece and the snap close that are placed in guide rail; Slidable adjustment piece is placed in longitudinal rail slidably, which is provided with the holding screw that can be fixed on longitudinal rail and the through hole joining with snap close hinge; Described slidable adjustment piece is provided with a rectangular indentation towards the outer end of described snap close, described lock catch part is placed in this rectangular indentation, and its inner joins with slidable adjustment piece hinge, its outer end is inclined upwardly and extends to a unsettled termination, this termination is that a cross section with through hole keyhole is circular protuberance, at the end face of snap close, is also provided with and can withstands on the back-moving spring that forces snap close to reset on slidable adjustment piece rectangular indentation plate; On described longitudinal rail, being integrally formed with cross sectional shape is "T"-shaped evagination slide block;
Described horizontal fastening assembly is by cross slide way and be placed in slidably the transverse slider with lock hook in guide rail and form, between described lock hook and movable slider on transverse slider, become " L " type, lock hook is with the circular arc protuberance on the described snap close of may be stuck in of arc gap, on transverse slider, be also provided with the holding screw that can be fixed on cross slide way, on cross slide way, be provided with located lateral screwed hole;
Described locking is machine-operated is lock body, lock pin and the locking key of mechanical type interlock, or be lock body, lock pin and the locking key of electromagnetic control type, described lock body is connected in the lateral surface of longitudinal rail, and the pin-and-hole that the lock pin on lock body can be horizontally through on longitudinal rail inserts in the keyhole being arranged on described snap close.
Compared with prior art, the utility model saves lateral keel and basic unit's backing plate, between the column and decoration panel with direction recess, longitudinal fastening assembly that employing can move up and down and be fixedly connected with it along column be fixedly connected with decoration panel and with longitudinal fastening assembly by locking, the structure of horizontal fastening assembly that unlocking manner fast demountable formula is connected, make in mounting decoration panel engineering, for construction provides a kind of novelty, accurate, reliable, efficient, high-quality and standardization and industrialized mounting method.And after completion or in using, owner and with per family can be according to it to the hobby of the aspects such as the color of decoration panel, pattern, moulding and material and required according to seasonal variations, at any time, arbitrarily, change voluntarily easily, upgrade or refill the original decoration panel being arranged on body of wall.Simultaneously; adopt the utility model connecting elements to realize the method that mounts of decoration panel; also impel decoration industry assembled integrated; from the production of column, decoration panel, connecting elements to on-the-spot mounting method, the rise that can realize standardization, intensive, scale, automation and there is high-quality engineering construction troop.
The utility model is applicable to the decorative engineering of all public dresses and house ornamentation, adopt the utility model to carry out construction and installation, it mounts that speed is fast, efficiency is high, cost is low, quality is good, manually few, but also can be as required, by locking, office locks or release at any time, and the decoration panel having installed is changed, upgraded or refills.
The utility model is after the ornament materials that adopts standardized designs and industrialization to make, engineering cost will significantly reduce, and, job site substantially accomplish without waste material, pollution-free, without doing over again, for on-the-spot installation personnel provides safety, civilization, healthy construction environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that decoration panel of the present utility model mounts system schematic.
Fig. 2 is this bright mounting connecting elements exploded perspective view.
Fig. 3 be in Fig. 2 lock body office assembly A-A to sectional view.
Fig. 4 be in Fig. 2 laterally fastening assembly B to schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the snap close enlarged diagram in Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of slidable adjustment piece in Fig. 2.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram together with the latch components in Fig. 2 is assembled with transverse slider.
Reference numeral is as follows:
Longitudinal fastening assembly 10, longitudinal rail 11, evagination slide block 111, longitudinal register screwed hole 112, pin-and-hole 113, padlock assembly 12, slidable adjustment piece 13, inner end 131, pan 132, outer end 133, upper flat plate 134, lower dull and stereotyped 135, back-moving spring 136, snap close 14, inner 141, left plate 1411, right plate 1412, recess 1413, hinge hole 1414, outside 142, tapered end 1421, lock-bit 1422, keyhole 1423, horizontal fastening assembly 20, cross slide way 21, located lateral screwed hole 211, transverse slider 22, movable slider 221, lock hook 222, locking office 30, lock body 31, lock pin 32, conical head 321, locking key 33, driving lever 331, screw 34, return spring 35, holding screw 40, internal chute 50, connecting elements 100, column 200, main part 201, direction recess 202, decoration panel 300.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, it is example that the utility model be take the system that mounts of decoration panel 300 of indoor wall, is not limited to be used in indoor wall, also can be for outdoor body of wall, or mounting in system of other wall class or plate class, mounting the decorated wall surface that forms can be vertical, level or clinoplain.
The described system that mounts is by being vertically fixed on the column 200 on body of wall and being fixed on the decoration panel 300 on column 200 by connecting elements 100.
Described column 200 is aluminium alloy extrusions, main part 201 cross sectional shapes of column 200 are rectangle, direction recess 202 is located at main part 201 external surfaces (for describing aspect, the surface that the utility model and body of wall join is called inner surface, the surface opposing with body of wall is called external surface, both side surface is called left surface and right flank) dual-side, the cross sectional shape of direction recess 202 is nearly " C " shape, it can be rectangular channel, elliptical slot or dovetail groove etc., as long as the parts that it can be held insert and block, do not drop out just passable, the cross sectional shape of the utility model direction recess 202 is preferably illustrated rectangular channel, opening on direction recess 202 is towards the left and/or right outside side of main part 201.
Described decoration panel 300 can be the decoration panels such as marble slab, wooden plate, fiberboard, metal sheet, pottery clay plates or bakelite plate, its concrete size is determined according to decorative engineering, can be the off-standard size decoration panel 300 of being tailored by scene, can be also the decoration panel 300 of the modular size of specialized plant produced.
As shown in Figure 1,2,3, 4, described connecting elements 100 forms by being located at longitudinal fastening assembly 10 of described column 200 one or both sides, horizontal fastening assembly 20 and locking office 30, laterally clamp structure is by locking office 30, with the connected mode of quickly dismantled, is connected with corresponding longitudinal fastening assembly 10.
Described longitudinal fastening assembly 10 is by the straight type longitudinal rail 11 with internal chute 50, be placed in movably padlock assembly 12 formations of longitudinal rail 11 internal chutes 50, longitudinal rail 11 is made by aluminium alloys, its cross sectional shape can be nearly " C " shape of side openings, it can be rectangular channel, elliptical slot or dovetail groove, the utility model is preferably illustrated rectangular channel, described internal chute 50 is the inner chamber of longitudinal rail 11, on longitudinal rail 11 with the relevant position of column 200 opposite flanks, be provided with the evagination slide block 111 being connected as a single entity with longitudinal rail 11, these evagination slide block 111 cross sectional shapes are T-shape, during installation, the transverse part of this T-shape is placed in the direction recess 202 of column 200 sides and (slides therebetween adaptive), can make longitudinal rail 11 move up and down along column 200, when moving to definite position, use screw by being located at the longitudinal register screwed hole 112 on evagination slide block 111, this evagination slide block 111 is fixed on column 200 in the lump together with longitudinal rail 11.
As Fig. 6, shown in 7, described padlock assembly 12 forms by slidable adjustment piece 13 with the snap close 14 that its hinge joins, slidable adjustment piece 13 and snap close 14 are made by stainless steel material, in slidable adjustment piece 13 by the inner end 131 being connected as a single entity and the nearly body of wall of outer end 133(is, body of wall far away is outer) form, the shape of inner end 131 longitudinal cross-section profiles and the cross sectional shape of described internal chute 50 are adaptive, the utility model is preferably " work " font, the outer shape of outer end 133 and described inner end are adaptive, outer end 133 is preferably by the outward extending upper flat plate 134 of inner end 131 end faces and bottom surface and lower dull and stereotyped 135, slidable adjustment piece 13 is placed in the internal chute 50 of described longitudinal rail 11 and does traveling priority, 50 of slidable adjustment piece 13 and described internal chutes slide adaptive, in the nearly inner side, vertical part of described inner end 131 " work " word with closely, be respectively equipped with and slidable adjustment piece 13 can be fixed on to holding screw 40 and the pan 132 in internal chute 50.
As shown in Figure 5, described snap close 14 also consists of inside and outside two parts, its inside 141 is left plate 1411 and the right plate 1412 with recess 1413, fall as fillet biside plate corner, on biside plate, be provided with the hinge hole 1414 corresponding with described pan 132, the width of described recess 1413 is slightly larger than the width of the vertical part of slidable adjustment piece 13 the above inner end 131 " work " word, the vertical height of snap close 14 inside 141 is less than the distance between described upper flat plate 134 and lower dull and stereotyped 135, range difference is therebetween raised and can be made lock hook 222(narrate in following content with snap close 14 outsides 142) by tapered end 1421(, in following content, narrate) and be placed on lock-bit 1422 and be advisable, when between two flat boards that snap close 14 inner 141 is inserted on slidable adjustment piece 13 and after joining with slidable adjustment piece 13 hinges, between the end face of snap close 14 inside 141 and the upper flat plate 134 of slidable adjustment piece 13, be also provided with can make snap close 14 lift after the back-moving spring 136 of automatic homing, this back-moving spring 136 is helical spring or turriform spring, the outside 142 of snap close 14 stretches out and unsettled termination for being inclined upwardly, this termination is the tapered end 1421 of a keyhole 1423 with horizontally set, nearly cylindrical boss, this keyhole 1423 can be through hole, can be also blind hole, and its longitudinal cross-section can be circle, square or oval.
As Fig. 2, 4, shown in 7, described horizontal fastening assembly 20 is by the straight type cross slide way 21 with internal chute 50, be placed in movably transverse slider 22 formations of this internal chute 50, cross slide way 21 is perpendicular with longitudinal rail 11, with longitudinal rail 11, it is made by aluminium alloys, its cross sectional shape can be nearly " C " shape groove of side openings, it can be rectangular channel, elliptical slot or dovetail groove, the utility model is preferably illustrated rectangular channel, described internal chute 50 is the inner chamber of cross slide way 21, " C " shape of cross slide way 21 is uncovered towards body of wall, be provided with on its outer surface located lateral screwed hole 211, with screw, through this located lateral screwed hole 211, this cross slide way 21 can be fixed on decoration panel 300.
Described transverse slider 22 is made by nylon material, its movable slider 221 by transverse shifting and lock hook 222 perpendicular with movable slider 221 and that be connected as a single entity form, movable slider 221 is placed in the internal chute 50 of cross slide way 21, slide therebetween adaptive, when movable slider 221 moves to definite position, by screwing the holding screw 40 being arranged on movable slider 221, this transverse slider 22 can be fixed in the internal chute 50 of cross slide way 21; Described lock hook 222 is the protuberance extending to described longitudinal rail 11 with arc gap, when horizontal fastening assembly 20 links together with longitudinal fastening assembly 10, this protuberance slips over the tapered end 1421 described in longitudinal fastening assembly 10, and holding is on described lock-bit 1422.
30 minutes mechanical linkage types of described locking office and electromagnetic control type.
As shown in Figure 3, the lock pin 32 that the stainless steel of the strip that the locking office 30 of mechanical linkage type comprises the lock body that is square body 31 made by nylon material, be placed in lock body 31 built-in channels is made and the locking key 33 being positioned on lock body 31 middle part external surfaces form, described lock body 31 appearance and sizes are long * wide * thick is (20mm-150mm) * (10mm-80mm) * (10mm-50mm), lock body 31 is placed in the nearly outer end of described longitudinal rail 11 left surfaces or right flank, is provided with the screw 34 that it is fixedly connected with described longitudinal rail 11 in lock body 31 left and right both ends of the surface.
Described lock pin 32 is two of left and right, the inner of every lock pin 32 (being placed in one end of described built-in channel) is conical head 321, in the bar portion of lock pin 32, be equipped with return spring 35, stretch out outside lock body 31 left or right end faces through described built-in channel the outer end of lock pin 32, described locking key 33 is the cylinder with driving lever 331, this cylinder is placed in the joint of two described conical head 321, upwards pull the driving lever 331 of locking key 33, described cylinder inserts between two conical head 321 at once, and lock pin 32 is outwards extruded, now, the front end of every lock pin 32 is arranged in the keyhole 1423 on described tapered end 1421 through pin-and-hole 113 insertions that are arranged on longitudinal rail 11 sides, by tapered end 1421 lockings, when pulling described driving lever 331 downwards, described cylinder moves up and discharges the extruding force to described conical head 321, and now, lock pin 32 is under the effect of described return spring 35, the front end of lock pin 32 is extracted out from described keyhole 1423, thereby untied the locking constraint to tapered end 1421.
In order conveniently to carry out lock and unlock operation, driving lever 331 in described locking key 33 is placed in to the transverse joint gap location (be arranged at lateral clearance place or place, axial clearance, depending on the annexation of the setting between described locking office 30 and described padlock assembly 12) of every adjacent two packaged decoration panels 300.
The locking office 30 of electromagnetic control type also comprises lock body 31, lock pin 32 and locking key 33, the housing that described lock body 31 is electromagnetic lock, described locking key 33 is electromagnetic valve, electromagnetic valve is connected with control device by being provided with the connecting line of coordinate numbering, when needs are changed or upgrade certain packaged decoration panel 300, connect the electromagnetic valve of controlling this packaged decoration panel 300, lock pin 32 is extracted out from corresponding keyhole 1423 (being release), use sucker this packaged decoration panel 300 can be taken off.
The method that mounts of indoor wall decoration panel 300 of the present utility model, comprise and column 200 is fixed on described body of wall and is adjusted to smooth vertical and horizontal state, column 200 of the present utility model has cross sectional shape for the section bar of " C " type direction recess 202 for two sides, use the utility model indoor wall decoration panel 300 mount the connecting elements 100 described in system by decoration panel 300 rapid latchs 14 on described column 200, this mounts method and comprises the following steps:
1) first the evagination slide block 111 on longitudinal rail 11 in this connecting elements 100 is buckled in the above direction recess 202 of column 200, pre-fixes it;
2) after the slidable adjustment piece 13 in described connecting elements 100 and snap close 14 hinges are joined, be placed in described longitudinal rail 11, pre-fix it;
3) lock body 31 in the locking office 30 in described connecting elements 100 is fixed on to described longitudinal rail 11 lateral surfaces, regulate slidable adjustment piece 13 and the longitudinally interior movement of guide rail 11 of snap close 14, after making lock pin 32 in keyhole 1423 on snap close 14, the lockhole on longitudinal rail 11 and locking office 30 on same straight line, then by the holding screw 40 on slidable adjustment piece 13, it is fixed in the position of snap close 14;
4) at decoration panel 300 production sites of modular size, the cross slide way 21 in described connecting elements 100 is fixed on to the edge of decoration panel 300, then the transverse slider 22 in this connecting elements 100 is placed in to cross slide way 21, pre-fix it;
5) decoration panel of modular size 300 is transported to interior decoration scene, re-use sucker, the lock hook 222 that described decoration panel 300 is connected as a single entity with the transverse slider 22 with mounted thereto is aimed at the mode that is arranged on the snap close 14 of opposite position on described column 200, this decoration panel 300 is fitted on described column 200, now, under the effect of snap close 14 back-moving spring 136 thereon, lock hook 222 is buckled in snap close 14, is about to these decoration panel 300 quick lock ins on body of wall;
6) by adjusting position and transverse slider 22 position in cross slide way 21 of longitudinal rail 11 on column 200, gap between this decoration panel 300 and adjacent decoration panel 300 is adjusted to after optimum, more described longitudinal rail 11 and transverse slider 22 are fixed to it;
7) by described locking office 30, described lock pin 32 is inserted in described keyhole 1423, so far, this packaged decoration panel 300 mounts complete;
8) with said method, complete mounting of whole wall body decoration panel 300.