CN203474616U - Sludge drying gas generation device capable of suppressing emission of dioxin in smoke - Google Patents

Sludge drying gas generation device capable of suppressing emission of dioxin in smoke Download PDF

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CN203474616U
CN203474616U CN201320556359.8U CN201320556359U CN203474616U CN 203474616 U CN203474616 U CN 203474616U CN 201320556359 U CN201320556359 U CN 201320556359U CN 203474616 U CN203474616 U CN 203474616U
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sludge
region
mummification
wet
sludge drying
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李晓东
陆胜勇
陈彤
严建华
蒋旭光
詹明秀
林晓青
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a synergistic processing technology of solid waste and wet sludge and aims at providing a sludge drying gas generation device capable of suppressing emission of dioxin in smoke. The sludge drying gas generation device comprises a wet sludge drying area and a dry sludge drying area from top to bottom; a wet sludge inlet and a drying gas vapour outlet are formed in the top of the wet sludge drying area; a sludge dividing plate is arranged at the lower part of the wet sludge inlet; a transmission belt and a heat exchange medium are arranged in the middle of the wet sludge drying area in a layering manner from top to bottom; smoke chambers are arranged on two sides of the wet sludge drying area; a dry sludge outlet is formed in the bottom of the dry sludge drying area; a drying gas outlet is formed in the top side of the dry sludge drying area; a rotary vane wheel is mounted in the middle of the dry sludge drying area. Through the reasonable combination of a plurality of drying technologies, the device is relatively compact in structure; the drying efficiency and the drying degree are significantly improved and the application range is relatively wide.

Description

The sludge drying gas generating unit that suppresses dioxin in flue gas
Technical field
The utility model is about solid waste and wet mud cooperative disposal technology, particularly suppresses the sludge drying gas generating unit of dioxin in flue gas.
Background technology
Along with China ur-banization speed is accelerated, mainly comprise that the quantity discharged of solid waste of domestic waste, clinical waste and industrial dangerous waste etc. is also increasing.At present, burning method disposal of solid refuse is the effective technology method that realizes minimizing, innoxious and resource utilization, but burning process inevitably produces hypertoxic organic pollutant Dioxins.Existing incineration plant can sprayed a certain amount of activated carbon (50~300mg/Nm except after acid tower 3), control the discharge of Dioxins, but can not remove Dioxins completely, just by the Dioxins absorption migration in gas phase in solid phase, common adsorption effect of activated carbon in water is poor, most of power plant have all bought the gac of import, have virtually increased running cost.In addition, though the Dioxins catalyzed degradation technology such as sliding arc, ultraviolet, ozone and catalyzer reach its maturity, Financial cost is larger, is unfavorable for wideling popularize.And chemical growth technique is as a kind of efficient feasible method, by Preliminary Applications in actual production, and show good dioxin restraining effect, have broad application prospects.
According to statistics, China approximately produces the mud that 100 ten thousand tons of above water content are 80% every day, becomes " producing mud rich and influential family ".In mud, be rich in sex pheromone, heavy metal and persistence organic pollutant, the environment of human survival is had to great hazardness, need minimizing, innoxious and disposal of resources badly.At present, sludge drying can be various with variety of energy sources, comprise sun power, chemical energy etc., but these method costs is all larger, and utilize the fewer of incinerator waste heat flue gas dewatered sludge research.Research finds, incinerator waste heat flue gas drying technique, can not only provide stable thermal source, and controls easy, cheaply, and can save the energy.There are some researches show, the atmosphere producing in mud drying process has significant restraining effect to Dioxins in Refuse Incineration Process synthetic, and this provides excellent opportunity for solid waste and mud cooperative disposal.But how less energy-consumption, utilize incinerator waste heat flue gas dewatered sludge efficiently, the stable sludge drying gas that efficient inhibition dioxin in flue gas is provided, and to realize Dioxins low emission in incinerator be a great problem of current industrial application.
Therefore, find a kind of compact construction, operation continous-stable, Financial cost low, and can provide the sludge drying gas generating unit of efficient inhibition dioxin in flue gas, realize oligosaprobic refuse cooperative disposal and dioxin and control and seem necessary.
Utility model content
Main purpose of the present utility model is to overcome the deficiency that in existing sludge drying technique, changing waste into resources utilizes, and a kind of sludge drying gas generating unit that can efficiently suppress dioxins in flue gas discharge is provided.For solving the problems of the technologies described above, solution of the present utility model is:
The sludge drying gas generating unit that suppresses dioxin in flue gas is provided, from top to bottom comprise wet sludge anhydration region and dewatered sludge mummification region, top, described wet sludge anhydration region is provided with wet sludge inlet and the outlet of mummification steam, soil valve is equipped with in the bottom of wet sludge inlet, and soil valve is arranged on the tinsel in wet sludge inlet passage; The middle part layering from top to bottom of wet sludge anhydration region is provided with travelling belt and heat transferring medium, the afterbody of every layer of travelling belt is equipped with cleaning shoe, and every layer of travelling belt is connected with electric motor, every layer of heat transferring medium is provided with two sliding panels, and two sliding panels on every layer of heat transferring medium are connected to same electric motor; Both sides, wet sludge anhydration region are provided with smoke chamber, by gas approach, are communicated with outside, by flue gas spout, are communicated with middle part, wet sludge anhydration region;
Bottom, described dewatered sludge mummification region is provided with dewatered sludge outlet, and dewatered sludge outlet is connected with pulse signal controller, for realizing dewatered sludge outlet regular discharge dewatered sludge; Top, dewatered sludge mummification region side is provided with the outlet of mummification gas, and the outlet of mummification gas is connected with for the induced draft fan of power is provided; Rotary blade is equipped with at middle part, dewatered sludge mummification region, and rotary blade is connected with for the electric motor of power is provided.
As further improvement, described travelling belt is provided with two-layer, and heat transferring medium is provided with four layers, and heat transferring medium is tinsel or silica gel piece.
As further improvement, described soil valve has two groups, and two groups of soil valves are arranged in parallel and interlaced setting, and the width of soil valve is 5mm, and thickness is 5mm, and two groups of soil valves are at a distance of 2cm.
As further improvement, described flue gas spout is evenly distributed between the middle part and smoke chamber in wet sludge anhydration region.
As further improvement, described wet sludge anhydration region is square device, the device that dewatered sludge mummification region is cylindricality.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the reasonable combination of multiple drying technique, apparatus structure is more compact, and mummification efficiency, mummification degree and the scope of application significantly promote;
2, the moisture percentage in sewage sludge after mummification is low, calorific value is high, can with the direct incinerating of solid waste, burning is organized, stable;
3, create newly-installed dewatered sludge mummification region, overcome in existing apparatus in sludge drying bonding, mummification gas the high and sulfur-bearing of water vapour content, nitrogen etc. and suppressed the low defect of gas concentration;
4, dewatered sludge intermittent discharge, has realized burner hearth afterbody and has suppressed raising nitrogenous in atmosphere, sulfur material concentration, guarantees that in flue, dioxin restraining atmosphere is sufficient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is sludge drying gas generating unit structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the burning disposal block diagram of whole solid waste.
Reference numeral in figure is: 1 wet sludge inlet; 2 soil valves; 3 travelling belts; 4 flue gas spouts; 5 sliding panels; 6 smoke chambers; 7 gas approachs; 8 dewatered sludge outlets; 9 rotary blades; 10 mummification gas outlets; 11 heat transferring mediums; 12 cleaning shoes; 13 mummification steam outlets.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail:
The sludge drying gas generating unit of the inhibition dioxin in flue gas in Fig. 1, from top to bottom comprises the dewatered sludge mummification region of square wet sludge anhydration region and cylindricality.
Top, wet sludge anhydration region is provided with wet sludge inlet 1 and mummification steam outlet 13, the bottom of wet sludge inlet 1 is equipped with two groups and is arranged in parallel and the soil valve 2 of interlaced setting, soil valve 2 refers to the tinsel in wet sludge inlet 1 passage, width is 5mm, thickness is 5mm, and two metal sheets is at a distance of 2cm.The middle part layering from top to bottom of wet sludge anhydration region is provided with two-layer travelling belt 3 and four layers of heat transferring medium 11, the afterbody of every layer of travelling belt 3 is equipped with cleaning shoe 12, and every layer of travelling belt 3 is connected with electric motor, heat transferring medium 11 is good tinsel or the silica gel piece of heat conduction, every layer of heat transferring medium 11 is provided with two sliding panels 5, and two sliding panels 5 on every layer of heat transferring medium 11 are connected to same electric motor.Both sides, wet sludge anhydration region are provided with smoke chamber 6, by gas approach 7, are communicated with outside, be communicated with, and flue gas spout 4 are evenly distributed between the middle part and smoke chamber 6 in wet sludge anhydration region by flue gas spout 4 with middle part, wet sludge anhydration region.
Bottom, dewatered sludge mummification region is provided with dewatered sludge outlet 8, and dewatered sludge outlet 8 is connected with pulse signal controller, for realizing dewatered sludge, exports 8 regular discharge dewatered sludges.Top, dewatered sludge mummification region side is provided with mummification gas outlet 10, and mummification gas outlet 10 is connected with for the induced draft fan of power is provided.Rotary blade 9 is equipped with at middle part, dewatered sludge mummification region, and rotary blade 9 is connected with for the electric motor of power is provided.
The utility model is mainly that the flue gas that solid waste incineration is produced is processed, and flue gas refers to the wet mud (water ratio is 40%~60%) that solid waste burning produces.The control method that suppresses dioxin in flue gas based on sludge drying gas generating unit, specifically comprises: the mud that will wet drops into from wet mud charging opening 1, and the high-temperature flue gas between 500 ℃~600 ℃ is passed into gas approach 7.Wet mud is fallen successively on travelling belt 3 and sliding panel 5 after soil valve 2 cuts into fritter, be subject to the continuous mummification of high-temperature flue gas of 500 ℃ of left and right of the equally distributed flue gas spout 4 places ejection of wall, a large amount of mummification steam that drying process produces are discharged sludge drying gas generating unit through mummification steam outlet 13.Mud on travelling belt 3 is fallen on the good heat transferring medium of heat conduction 11 subsequently, completes further mummification.Dewatered sludge after preliminary mummification is constantly piled up in dewatered sludge mummification region, and rotary blade 9 constantly stirs, and the sludge drying gas of generation is extracted sludge drying gas generating unit out under the drive of induced draft fan.Does not discharge mummification steam and sludge drying gas area, has realized the purification of dioxin restraining composition in mummification gas, is beneficial to efficient utilization.Finally, discharge 1/3~1/2 dewatered sludge every 20 minutes from dewatered sludge outlet 8, the dewatered sludge water ratio of discharge is lower than 15%.Dewatered sludge intermittent discharge, has realized burner hearth afterbody and has suppressed raising nitrogenous in atmosphere, sulfur material concentration, guarantees that in flue, dioxin restraining atmosphere is sufficient.
As shown in Figure 2, after the dewatered sludge producing in the utility model and refuse carry out incinerating disposal, mummification steam enters into incinerator smoke refining plant and processes, sludge drying gas is for suppressing the synthetic of incineration tail gas Dioxins and discharging.The utility model is applicable to existing solid waste incinerator repacking, the solid waste burning dioxin standard that contributes to reply day by day to improve.
The following examples can make this professional professional and technical personnel's comprehend the utility model, but limit never in any form the utility model.In embodiment, adopt the mummification steam producing in the utility model to suppress Dioxins.Method processing condition are: wet sludge anhydration case: 600mm*400mm*600mm, dewatered sludge mummification case: Φ 200mm*300mm, travelling belt 3 width: 350mm, heat transferring medium 11 width: 350mm, 16 flue gas spout 4 cross sections: Φ 25mm, rotary blade 9 action sections: Φ 180mm, wet sewage sludge feed speed: 60Kg/h, induced draft fan power: a 0~5.5kW, motor power (output): 0.75KW, two are connected to 3, one of two travelling belts and are connected in two row sliding panels 5, one is connected in rotary blade 9, totally four electric motor.
Embodiment 1
Experimental article: garbage burning factory bypass flue gas, in wet mud: moisture as received coal content M ar=60%; As received basis sulphur content S ar=0.28%; As received basis nitrogen content N ar=1.24%; Air dried basis sulphur and nitrogen content sum S ad+ N ad=0.69%+3.01%=3.70%, moisture percentage in sewage sludge after mummification: 13%.
Experiment condition: flue gas 500Nm 3/ h, flue gas flow rate 7m/s, reaction times 1h.
Figure BDA0000378846010000041
Embodiment 2
Experimental article: garbage burning factory bypass flue gas, in wet mud: moisture as received coal content M ar=50%; As received basis sulphur content S ar=0.35%; As received basis nitrogen content N ar=1.55%; Air dried basis sulphur and nitrogen content sum S ad+ N ad=0.69%+3.01%=3.70%, moisture percentage in sewage sludge after mummification: 10%.
Experiment condition: flue gas 500Nm 3/ h, flue gas flow rate 7m/s, reaction times 1h.
Embodiment 3
Experimental article: garbage burning factory bypass flue gas, in wet mud: moisture as received coal content M ar=40%; As received basis sulphur content S ar=0.42%; As received basis nitrogen content N ar=1.86%; Air dried basis sulphur and nitrogen content sum S ad+ N ad=0.69%+3.01%=3.70%, moisture percentage in sewage sludge after mummification: 8%.
Experiment condition: flue gas 500Nm 3/ h, flue gas flow rate 7m/s, reaction times 1h.
Figure BDA0000378846010000051
Embodiment 4
Experimental article: garbage burning factory bypass flue gas, in wet mud: moisture as received coal content M ar=40%; As received basis sulphur content S ar=0.47%; As received basis nitrogen content N ar=2.66%; Air dried basis sulphur and nitrogen content sum S ad+ N ad=0.77%+4.30%=5.07%, moisture percentage in sewage sludge after mummification: 7%.
Experiment condition: flue gas 500Nm 3/ h, flue gas flow rate 7m/s, reaction times 1h.
Figure BDA0000378846010000052
Studies confirm that by experiment, the utlity model has good result, dewatered sludge mummification steam has on average reached 90% to the suppression efficiency of Dioxins in flue gas, to the suppression efficiency of toxic equivalent, also can realize 80%.
In summary, this sludge drying gas generating unit and control method integrate that fume afterheat utilization, sludge drying and burning, sludge drying tail gas purify and incinerator in the technology such as low-temperature zone dioxin restraining, energy-conserving and environment-protective, simple and easy effectively.
Finally, it should be noted that above what enumerate is only specific embodiment of the utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, can also have a lot of distortion.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model, all should think protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. suppress the sludge drying gas generating unit of dioxin in flue gas, from top to bottom comprise wet sludge anhydration region and dewatered sludge mummification region, it is characterized in that, top, described wet sludge anhydration region is provided with wet sludge inlet and the outlet of mummification steam, soil valve is equipped with in the bottom of wet sludge inlet, and soil valve is arranged on the tinsel in wet sludge inlet passage; The middle part layering from top to bottom of wet sludge anhydration region is provided with travelling belt and heat transferring medium, the afterbody of every layer of travelling belt is equipped with cleaning shoe, and every layer of travelling belt is connected with electric motor, every layer of heat transferring medium is provided with two sliding panels, and two sliding panels on every layer of heat transferring medium are connected to same electric motor; Both sides, wet sludge anhydration region are provided with smoke chamber, by gas approach, are communicated with outside, by flue gas spout, are communicated with middle part, wet sludge anhydration region;
Bottom, described dewatered sludge mummification region is provided with dewatered sludge outlet, and dewatered sludge outlet is connected with pulse signal controller, for realizing dewatered sludge outlet regular discharge dewatered sludge; Top, dewatered sludge mummification region side is provided with the outlet of mummification gas, and the outlet of mummification gas is connected with for the induced draft fan of power is provided; Rotary blade is equipped with at middle part, dewatered sludge mummification region, and rotary blade is connected with for the electric motor of power is provided.
2. sludge drying gas generating unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described travelling belt is provided with two-layer, and heat transferring medium is provided with four layers, and heat transferring medium is tinsel or silica gel piece.
3. sludge drying gas generating unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described soil valve has two groups, and two groups of soil valves are arranged in parallel and interlaced setting, and the width of soil valve is 5mm, and thickness is 5mm, and two groups of soil valves are at a distance of 2cm.
4. sludge drying gas generating unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described flue gas spout is evenly distributed between the middle part and smoke chamber in wet sludge anhydration region.
5. according to the sludge drying gas generating unit described in claim 1 to 4 any one, it is characterized in that, described wet sludge anhydration region is square device, the device that dewatered sludge mummification region is cylindricality.
CN201320556359.8U 2013-09-07 2013-09-07 Sludge drying gas generation device capable of suppressing emission of dioxin in smoke Expired - Lifetime CN203474616U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103435249A (en) * 2013-09-07 2013-12-11 浙江大学 Sludge drying gas generator and control method for inhibiting emission of dioxin in flue gas

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103435249A (en) * 2013-09-07 2013-12-11 浙江大学 Sludge drying gas generator and control method for inhibiting emission of dioxin in flue gas

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