CN203470950U - Novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine - Google Patents

Novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203470950U
CN203470950U CN201320577503.6U CN201320577503U CN203470950U CN 203470950 U CN203470950 U CN 203470950U CN 201320577503 U CN201320577503 U CN 201320577503U CN 203470950 U CN203470950 U CN 203470950U
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Prior art keywords
novel horizontal
boring machine
boring
workbench
spindle box
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CN201320577503.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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蒋曾华
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蒋曾华
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine. The novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine comprises a machine body, a working table and a spindle box, wherein the spindle box is fixedly arranged at one end of the machine body, a guide rail is arranged on the machine body, the working table slides on the guide rail, the spindle box is located on one side of the working table, a drilling and boring head is correspondingly arranged at a feeding position of the working table, a clamp used for clamping a workpiece is arranged at the position, close to the drilling and boring head, of the working table, the sliding of the working table is controlled by a feeding driving device, and at least one drilling and boring head is further arranged on the spindle box. The novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine is simple in structure and convenient to operate, due to the fact that at least one drilling head or one boring head is additionally arranged on the spindle box, multiple holes can be machined once, drilling and boring efficiency is improved greatly, repeated positioning of the workpiece with multiple holes is not needed when the workpiece with the multiple holes is machined, drilling and boring errors caused by repeated positioning are eliminated, and the accuracy of drilling and boring of the workpiece with the multiple holes is greatly improved; in addition, it is guaranteed that distances between the holes in each workpiece are the same.

Description

A kind of novel horizontal boring machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to machining equipment field, refers in particular to a kind of novel horizontal boring machine.
Background technology
Boring machine is a kind of main lathe with boring head machining hole on workpiece, be generally used for that processing dimension is large, the higher hole of required precision, particularly be distributed on different surfaces, pitch-row and the higher hole of position accuracy demand, the hole on chain part as used in big machinery.The structure of drilling machine and the structure of boring machine are basic identical, and its distinctive points is that drilling machine is to adopt drill bit to bore Boring to surface of the work, adopts the machining accuracy of drill bit not as adopting boring head.
The main shaft of horizontal boring machine is horizontally disposed and can axial feed, on spindle taper hole, can connect upper boring head or drill bit according to the needs of processing.Existing horizontal boring machine is owing to being only provided with a spindle taper hole on main spindle box, therefore can only install in use a boring head or drill bit, when needs bore a plurality of hole on workpiece, not only bore bore hole efficiency lower, and often after processing first hole, need follow-up hole to position, and follow-up positioning action inevitably can produce certain brill bore hole deviation, make the precision of brill Boring of porous workpiece lower.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of novel horizontal boring machine, its main purpose be to overcome the brill bore hole efficiency that existing horizontal boring machine exists in porous workpiece is bored to boring operation lower, bore the undesirable defect of bore hole precision.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of novel horizontal boring machine, comprise lathe bed, workbench and the main spindle box that is fixedly arranged on lathe bed one end, described lathe bed is provided with the guide rail sliding for described workbench, described main spindle box is positioned at a side of described workbench and on position, is provided with accordingly a brill boring head feeding of described workbench, described workbench is being provided with the fixture for holding workpiece near on the position of this brill boring head, the slip of described workbench is subject to one to feed drive unit and control, and is also provided with at least one and bores boring head on described main spindle box.
Further, described guide rail is line slideway, and this line slideway is provided with two and every line slideway and is all arranged with accordingly guide block, and the both sides of described workbench are set up on these two guide blocks accordingly.
Further, the cross section of described line slideway is " work " character form structure of two trapezoidal opposed formations, and described guide block inwall is provided with ball.
Further, described in to feed drive unit be a hydraulic press, the input of this hydraulic press is connected in a terminal control system, the output of this hydraulic press is connected with one first oil cylinder, the piston rod of this first oil cylinder is fixedly connected on described workbench and is fixedly connected with.
Further, described fixture comprises holder and is installed in the swing arm on this holder, and the output of described hydraulic press is connected with one second oil cylinder, and the piston rod of this second oil cylinder is fixedly connected on described swing arm.
Further, also comprise grease-box, this grease-box is provided with for the oil feed line of lubricating oil is provided to guide block inwall ball.
Further, the 3rd oil cylinder that described fixture comprises fixed gantry and is installed in this fixed gantry top board top, the piston rod of the 3rd oil cylinder is connected with a platen through the top board of described fixed gantry and the end of piston rod, and the output of described hydraulic press is connected with the 3rd oil cylinder.
Further, under described brill boring head, be provided with for collecting the inclined-plane of iron filings, the discharge port place on described this inclined-plane is provided with charging basket.
Further, on described line slideway, be equiped with protective jacket, described main spindle box is being walked and is being offered porose position on corresponding position with this protective jacket, and described protective jacket one end is fixedly connected with the side of described workbench, and the other end passes position, described hole and extend in described main spindle box.
Compared to the prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model produces is:
1, the utility model is simple in structure, easy to operate, by set up at least one drill bit or boring head on main spindle box, can once to a plurality of holes, process simultaneously, improved widely brill bore hole efficiency, and for the processing of porous workpiece without carrying out multiple bearing, eliminated the brill bore hole deviation producing because of multiple bearing, improved widely porous workpiece and bored bore hole precision, the pitch-row between each hole of each workpiece that can also guarantee in addition to process is consistent.
2, in the utility model, described guide rail adopts line slideway, hard rail with respect to existing employing, this line slideway has advantages of that wearability is strong, long service life and mobile steadily strong, particularly be used in conjunction with and have on the horizontal boring machine of a plurality of drill bits or boring head, workbench need to complete the feeding operation of workpiece at this line slideway, and adopt line slideway can adapt to workbench and feed frequently collision action, and then the efficiency and the quality that guarantee to bore bore hole.
3, in the utility model, the described drive unit that feeds is hydraulic press, this hydraulic press can provide steadily to workbench on the one hand, rapidly and larger thrust, for bore boring operation simultaneously, provide comparatively stable driving force, on the other hand, the fixture on workbench is also to fold up operation by this hydraulic press, controls fixture both can obtain piece-holder more firm with hydraulic press, be convenient to again user and control, make its operation more laborsaving.
4, in the utility model, described grease-box can be automatically for the ball of guide block inwall provides lubricating oil, to guarantee the normal operation of line slideway.Described fixture can have two kinds of modes, a kind of is that swing arm is installed on holder movably, the junction of swing arm and holder is a fulcrum, utilize lever principle, the piston rod jack-up being connected on swing arm end just can drive the front end of this swing arm to push down workpiece, this kind of fixture oil cylinder used is short distance oil cylinder, can conveniently install and save the installing space of fixture; Another kind of mode is directly oil cylinder to be installed on the top board of fixed gantry, directly utilizes piston rod to compress workpiece, and this fixture oil cylinder used is long-range oil cylinder, and structure can be fairly simple.
5, the utility model is by the barrel that described inclined-plane is set and coordinates with this inclined-plane, can collect the iron filings that produce in process, described protective cover is located on line slideway, can prevent that iron filings are splashed in the gap between line slideway and guide block, guarantee the normal operation of line slideway.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is line slideway described in the utility model and the schematic diagram that coordinates of workbench.
Fig. 4 is line slideway described in the utility model and the schematic diagram that coordinates of workbench, and wherein the fixture on workbench is adopted in another way.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of the present utility model is described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment mono-
See figures.1.and.2.A novel horizontal boring machine, comprises lathe bed 1, workbench 2, is fixedly arranged on main spindle box 3 and the terminal control system 4 of lathe bed 1 one end, and described terminal control system 4 adopts digital-control circuit systems in the present embodiment.Described lathe bed 1 is provided with the guide rail sliding for described workbench, described main spindle box 3 is positioned at a side of described workbench 2 and on position, is provided with accordingly boring head 30 and boring head 31 feeding of described workbench 2, before and after this boring head 30 and boring head 31 are, interval is arranged, described workbench 2 is provided with the fixture 23 for holding workpiece on the position near described boring head 30 and boring head 31, the slip of described workbench 2 is subject to one to feed drive unit and control, and feeding drive unit is a hydraulic press 5.Under described boring head 30 and boring head 31, be provided with for collecting the inclined-plane 32 of iron filings, the discharge port place on described this inclined-plane 32 is provided with charging basket 33, by the barrel 33 that described inclined-plane 32 is set and coordinates with this inclined-plane 32, can collect the iron filings that produce in process.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.Described guide rail comprises line slideway 10 and line slideway 11, before and after line slideway 10 and line slideway 11 are, interval is arranged, its cross section is two trapezoidal opposed formations " work " character form structure, on line slideway 10, be arranged with accordingly guide block 20, line slideway 11 is arranged with guide block 21 accordingly, the both sides, front and back of described workbench 2 are set up on guide block 20 and guide block 21 accordingly, the inwall of guide block 20 is provided with ball, this ball arranges on the gap between guide block 20 and line slideway 10, in like manner, the inwall of guide block 21 is also provided with ball.By adopting line slideway 10 and line slideway 11, hard rail with respect to existing employing, this line slideway 10 and line slideway 11 have advantages of that wearability is strong, long service life and mobile steadily strong, particularly be used in conjunction with on the horizontal boring machine of many boring heads structure with boring head 30 and boring head 31, workbench 2 need to carry out the operation of feeding frequently, adopt line slideway 10 and line slideway 11 can adapt to greatest extent workbench 2 and feed frequently collision action, and then the efficiency and the quality that guarantee to bore as best one can bore hole.On described line slideway 10 and line slideway 11, be equiped with protective jacket 22, described main spindle box 3 is offered porose position on the position corresponding with these protective jacket 22 walkings, described protective jacket 22 one end are fixedly connected with the side of described workbench 2, the other end passes position, described hole and extend in described main spindle box 3, by described protective jacket 22 is covered on line slideway 10 and line slideway 11, can prevent that iron filings are splashed in the gap between line slideway and guide block, guarantee the normal operation of line slideway 10 and line slideway 11.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.The input of described hydraulic press 5 is connected in described terminal control system 4, the output of this hydraulic press 5 is connected to the first oil cylinder 51 and the second oil cylinder 52, piston rod end on the first oil cylinder 51 is fixedly connected with described workbench, utilize hydraulic press 5 to drive as the feeding of workbench 2, provide steadily, rapidly and larger thrust to workbench 2, for bore boring operation simultaneously, provide comparatively stable driving force.Described fixture 23 comprises holder 230 and is installed in the swing arm 231 on this holder 230, and this swing arm 231 is installed on holder 230 movably, and the piston rod of the second oil cylinder 52 is fixedly connected on described swing arm 231.Swing arm 231 is a fulcrum with the junction of holder 230, utilize lever principle, the piston rod jack-up being connected on swing arm 231 ends just can drive the front end of this swing arm 231 to push down workpiece, this kind of fixture 23 the first oil cylinder 51 used is short distance oil cylinders, can conveniently install and save the installing space of fixture, in addition because the fixture 23 on workbench 2 is also to fold up operation by this hydraulic press 5, with hydraulic press 5, controlling fixture both can obtain piece-holder more firm, be convenient to again user and control, make its operation more laborsaving.At the beneath grease-box that is also provided with of lathe bed 1, grease-box is provided with oil feed line, this oil feed line can be automatically for the inwall ball of guide block 20 and guide block 21 provides lubricating oil, to guarantee the normal operation of line slideway 10 and line slideway 11.
With reference to Fig. 4.Fixture described in the present embodiment 23 does not limit to the above-mentioned movable arm type structure of employing, it can also be the 3rd oil cylinder 53 that comprises fixed gantry 231 and be installed in these fixed gantry 231 top board tops, the piston rod of the 3rd oil cylinder 53 is connected with a platen 531 through the top board of described fixed gantry 231 and the end of piston rod, the output of described hydraulic press 5 is connected with the 3rd oil cylinder 53, this kind of fixture 23 is directly to utilize piston rod to compress workpiece, wherein the 3rd oil cylinder 53 used is long-range oil cylinders, and the overall structure of fixture 23 can be fairly simple.
In addition, be not limited to and be only provided with described boring head 30 and boring head 31 these two boring heads on main spindle box described in the present embodiment 3, the quantity of boring head can also be three, four or other quantity of being convenient to efficiently, accurately processing; Between described guide block and guide rail, be not limited to installing ball, can also replace ball with roller; Described terminal control system 4 is not limited to and adopts digital-control circuit system, can also adopt circuit common control system and PLC circuit control system.
Embodiment bis-
The embodiment of the present embodiment and embodiment mono-is basic identical, and its distinctive points is only to change boring head 30 and boring head 31 into drill bit.
Above are only the specific embodiment of the present utility model, but design concept of the present utility model is not limited to this, allly utilizes this design to carry out the change of unsubstantiality to the utility model, all should belong to the behavior of invading the utility model protection domain.

Claims (9)

1. a novel horizontal boring machine, comprise lathe bed, workbench and the main spindle box that is fixedly arranged on lathe bed one end, described lathe bed is provided with the guide rail sliding for described workbench, described main spindle box is positioned at a side of described workbench and on position, is provided with accordingly a brill boring head feeding of described workbench, described workbench is being provided with the fixture for holding workpiece near on the position of this brill boring head, the slip of described workbench is subject to one to feed drive unit and control, and it is characterized in that: on described main spindle box, be also provided with at least one and bore boring head.
2. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guide rail is line slideway, this line slideway is provided with two and every line slideway and is all arranged with accordingly guide block, and the both sides of described workbench are set up on these two guide blocks accordingly.
3. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the cross section of described line slideway is " work " character form structure of two trapezoidal opposed formations, and described guide block inwall is provided with ball.
4. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described in to feed drive unit be a hydraulic press, the input of this hydraulic press is connected in a terminal control system, the output of this hydraulic press is connected with one first oil cylinder, and the piston rod of this first oil cylinder is fixedly connected on described workbench and is fixedly connected with.
5. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described fixture comprises holder and is installed in the swing arm on this holder, the output of described hydraulic press is connected with one second oil cylinder, and the piston rod of this second oil cylinder is fixedly connected on described swing arm.
6. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: also comprise grease-box, this grease-box is provided with for the oil feed line of lubricating oil is provided to guide block inwall ball.
7. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the 3rd oil cylinder that described fixture comprises fixed gantry and is installed in this fixed gantry top board top, the piston rod of the 3rd oil cylinder is connected with a platen through the top board of described fixed gantry and the end of piston rod, and the output of described hydraulic press is connected with the 3rd oil cylinder.
8. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: under described brill boring head, be provided with for collecting the inclined-plane of iron filings, the discharge port place on described inclined-plane is provided with charging basket.
9. a kind of novel horizontal boring machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: on described line slideway, be equiped with protective jacket, described main spindle box is being walked and is being offered porose position on corresponding position with this protective jacket, described protective jacket one end is fixedly connected with the side of described workbench, and the other end passes position, described hole and extend in described main spindle box.
CN201320577503.6U 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine Ceased CN203470950U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320577503.6U CN203470950U (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320577503.6U CN203470950U (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203470950U true CN203470950U (en) 2014-03-12

Family

ID=50219360

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320577503.6U Ceased CN203470950U (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Novel horizontal type drilling and boring machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203470950U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103464804A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 蒋曾华 Novel horizontal drilling/boring machine
CN105195775A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-30 天津市华天世纪机械有限公司 Boring machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103464804A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 蒋曾华 Novel horizontal drilling/boring machine
CN105195775A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-30 天津市华天世纪机械有限公司 Boring machine

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Decision date of declaring invalidation: 20150707

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Granted publication date: 20140312