CN203464560U - Air conditioning refrigeration equipment - Google Patents

Air conditioning refrigeration equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203464560U
CN203464560U CN201320573473.1U CN201320573473U CN203464560U CN 203464560 U CN203464560 U CN 203464560U CN 201320573473 U CN201320573473 U CN 201320573473U CN 203464560 U CN203464560 U CN 203464560U
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pipeline
valve
heat exchanger
throttle
node
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CN201320573473.1U
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刘雄
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刘雄
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Priority to CN 201210381271 priority patent/CN102853594A/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses air conditioning refrigeration equipment which comprises a compression mechanism, a first four-way valve, a second four-way valve, a first heat exchanger, a second heat exchanger, a third heat exchanger, a first throttling mechanism, a second throttling mechanism, a third throttling mechanism, a first one-way valve and a second one-way valve, wherein the low-pressure node of the first four-way valve is connected with the low-pressure node of the second four-way valve through a sixty-fifth pipeline; the high-pressure node of the first four-way valve is connected with the sixty-fifth pipeline between the low-pressure node of the first four-way valve and the low-pressure node of the second four-way valve sequentially through a sixtieth pipeline, the outlet end of the compression mechanism and the inlet end of the compression mechanism; the high-pressure node of the second four-way valve is connected with the sixtieth pipeline between the outlet end of the compression mechanism and the high-pressure node of the first four-way valve through a fifty-ninth pipeline. The air conditioning refrigeration equipment is simple in structure, reliable in operation and low in cost, can simultaneously realize multiple functions such as cooling and heating, and can prevent a refrigerant from being detained on the high-pressure side in the four-way valve.

Description

Operation of air conditioning systems
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of operation of air conditioning systems with simultaneous air-conditioning function, belongs to refrigeration technology field.
Background technology
The claim 3 of the patent of invention that the present patent application people is disclosed on 07 06th, 2011, application number is 201110028741.7 has proposed a kind of operation of air conditioning systems scheme, and its system forms (that is: the Figure of description 3 of patent of invention 201110028741.7) as shown in Figure 4.Scheme shown in description from foregoing invention patent: Fig. 4 (that is: the Figure of description 3 of patent of invention 201110028741.7) serves many purposes, can be multi-functional operation of air conditioning systems, for there being the occasion of refrigeration, the warm domestic hot-water's demand of confession the whole year; Also can be the thermostatic and humidistatic air conditioning unit group for the treatment of air, for there being the occasion of refrigeration, the warm dehumidifying demand of confession the whole year.When the scheme shown in Fig. 4 (that is: the Figure of description 3 of patent of invention 201110028741.7) is while playing the part of thermostatic and humidistatic air conditioning unit group role, its system forms (that is: the Figure of description 8 of patent of invention 201110028741.7) as shown in Figure 5.
From the description of Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and foregoing invention patent, no matter the scheme shown in Fig. 4 is to play the part of which type of role in actual use, in the course of work, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 can only use as condenser, so in service, there is following defect in the scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5:
(1) because the 3rd heat exchanger 8 can only use as condenser, therefore, under some operating mode, when First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4 work, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 can only be in idle state, do not give full play on the one hand the exchange capability of heat of the 3rd heat exchanger 8, on the other hand because when the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is during in idle state, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 is generally in closed condition, therefore have part of refrigerant and be trapped in the 3rd heat exchanger 8, in serious situation, can cause adverse effect to the normal operation of operation of air conditioning systems.In addition, as shown in Figure 5, in thermostatic and humidistatic air conditioning unit group, because the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is heaters of its air conditioner unit 10, therefore when First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4 normal operations, and the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is when idle state, in air conditioner unit 10, when the cold air of being processed by the second heat exchanger 4 passes the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant superheated steam being trapped in the 3rd heat exchanger 8 can carry out heat exchange with cold air, the consequence causing is: the air dry-bulb temperature in air conditioner unit 10 exits cannot be controlled effectively.
(2) according to the description of " 0089 " section of foregoing invention patent specification, " 0096~0100 " section and " 0112 " section: the operation of air conditioning systems shown in Fig. 5 (that is: the Figure of description 8 of patent of invention 201110028741.7) is when realizing winter air heating function, the second heat exchanger 4 is not worked, First Heat Exchanger 3 is played the part of the role of evaporimeter, draw heat from environment, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is played the part of the role of condenser, the heat that utilizes First Heat Exchanger 3 to draw from environment adds hot-air in air conditioner unit 10.
Course of work Zhong, first throttle mechanism 5 normal operations under this function, the second throttle mechanism 6 cuts out, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 standard-sized sheets.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium is from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, through piping 62, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, pipeline 66, pipeline 65, first throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger 3, pipeline 64, cross valve 2 commutation nodes 74, cross valve 2 low pressure nodes 73, pipeline 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end successively.
As can be seen here: the operation of air conditioning systems shown in Fig. 5 (that is: the Figure of description 8 of patent of invention 201110028741.7) is when realizing winter air heating function, because the commutation node 74 of cross valve 2 is to be communicated with cross valve 2 low pressure nodes 73, therefore well-known, according to the basic functional principle of air conditioner refrigerating cross valve, now, the high pressure node 71 of cross valve 2 is to be communicated with the commutation node 72 of cross valve 2.
As shown in Fig. 5 (that is: the Figure of description 8 of patent of invention 201110028741.7), because the commutation node 72 of cross valve 2 is to be connected with the port of export of the first check valve 21 by pipeline 61, when therefore scheme shown in Fig. 5 is worked under this function, non-return effect due to the first check valve 21, the high pressure gas of compressing mechanism 1 is successively by this paths of cross valve 2 high pressure nodes 71, cross valve 2 commutation nodes 72, pipeline 61 to first check valve 21 ports of export, and cold-producing medium does not circulate, therefore the high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas that, compressing mechanism 1 is discharged can be stagnated in the high-pressure side of cross valve 2 inside, in the passage being now connected with low pressure node 73 at the inner commutation node 74 of cross valve 2, from the low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant gas of First Heat Exchanger 3, can cannot not continue continuously to flow to the air entry of compressing mechanism 1 by this passage always, therefore, in cross valve 2 inside, be stuck on high-tension side high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas and can continue mobile low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant gas with low-pressure side and carry out indirect heat exchange, simultaneously cross valve 2 high-pressure side surface of shell also can be constantly function of environment heat emission towards periphery, under the double action of these two factors, in the long course of work, it is (disclosed on 02 27th, 2008 referring to Gree Electric Appliances,Inc.of ZhuHai that the high-pressure side of cross valve 2 inside can produce refrigerant liquid, application number is 200610037147.3 patent of invention), when these refrigerant liquids gather in cross valve 2 high-pressure sides and pipeline 61, in serious situation, when cross valve 2 commutation, can produce liquid hammer, cause cross valve 2 to damage (referring to document < < heat pump air conditioner cross valve Failure analysis and design improvement > >, Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning, 2005, Vol.5, No.5).
As can be seen here: shown in Fig. 5 (that is: the Figure of description 8 of patent of invention 201110028741.7), scheme is when realizing winter air heating function, that is: when the second heat exchanger 4 is not worked, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is condensers, when First Heat Exchanger 3 is evaporimeter, in the course of work, in the high-pressure side of cross valve 2 inside, there will be the stagnation behavior of cold-producing medium.Although also provided an improvement project in " 0112 " section of patent of invention 201110028741.7 descriptions, in scheme shown in Fig. 5, increase by a capillary C, one end of capillary C is connected, the other end of capillary C and the first check valve 21 arrival ends with first check valve 21 ports of export.But well-known, there is the problem that cold-producing medium is stagnated in the high-pressure side that this improvement project can not solve cross valve 2 inside completely, and can only make the stagnation due to cold-producing medium, the refrigerant liquid producing in the high-pressure side of cross valve 2 inside or be stuck in small part cold-producing medium gases at high pressure of cross valve 2 internal high pressure sides, leaks into the first check valve 21 arrival ends by capillary C; As shown in Figure 5, because first check valve 21 ports of export are now connected with compressing mechanism 1 port of export by pipeline 61, cross valve 2 commutation nodes 72, cross valve 2 high pressure nodes 71 successively; The first check valve 21 arrival ends are connected with compressing mechanism 1 arrival end by the second check valve 22 arrival ends, pipeline 67, pipeline 64, cross valve 2 commutation nodes 74, cross valve 2 low pressure nodes 73, pipeline 63 successively; Therefore the cold-producing medium leaking by capillary C, it is in fact the high pressure gas that a small part comes from compressing mechanism 1, because this small part cold-producing medium directly flows back to the arrival end pipeline of compressing mechanism 1 from the port of export pipeline of compressing mechanism 1, do not realize refrigerating function, also do not realize heat-production functions, therefore this small part cold-producing medium by capillary C is leakage loss.
For the existing technological deficiency of scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, in the patent of invention that the present patent application people obtained the authorization on 07 25th, 2012, the patent No. is 201010267689.6, by increase a refrigerant flow conversion device being formed by the second cross valve 80 and capillary 9 in the scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, (or be called: refrigerant flow direction converting) they are improved, as shown in Figure 6 (that is: the Figure of description 5 of patent of invention 201010267689.6).
Scheme shown in scheme shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 4, Fig. 5 is analyzed, can finds, in the course of work, the compressing mechanism 1 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the compressing mechanism in scheme 1 shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
The first cross valve 70 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the cross valve in scheme 2 shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
The first flow direction control valve 41 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the first check valve 21 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
The second flow direction control valve 42 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the second check valve 22 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
First throttle mechanism 4 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the first throttle mechanism 5 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
The second throttle mechanism 5 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
The 3rd throttle mechanism 7 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the second throttle mechanism 6 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
Heat source side heat exchanger 6 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the First Heat Exchanger in scheme 3 shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
User's side heat exchanger 3 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the 3rd heat exchanger 8 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
Heater 8 shown in Fig. 6 in scheme is equivalent to the second heat exchanger 4 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5.
As shown in Figure 6, in the course of work, due to the switching effect of the refrigerant flow conversion device being formed by the second cross valve 80 and capillary 9 to refrigerant flow direction, user's side heat exchanger 3 both can have been played the part of the role of condenser when work, also can play the part of the role of evaporimeter, overcome existing technological deficiency in the scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5.
When user's side heat exchanger 3 is played the part of the role of evaporimeter, the connected state of 80 4 connected nodes of the second cross valve is: the second cross valve 80 is often opened node 84 and is connected with the second cross valve 80 low pressure nodes 83, and the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 are connected with the normally closed node 82 of the second cross valve 80, therefore, as shown in Figure 6, during work, from user's side heat exchanger 3 low-temp low-pressure gas out, through the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80, often open node 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63 successively, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end (referring to this patent of invention description " 0032~0033 " section), in addition, during due to work, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 are connected with the normally closed node 82 of the second cross valve 80, therefore as shown in Figure 6, in the course of work, the small part high pressure gas that compressing mechanism 1 is discharged is known from experience successively through the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the normally closed node 82 of the second cross valve 80, the 66 pipeline 66, capillary 9, the 65 pipeline 65, the 63 pipeline 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end and (refer to Gree Electric Appliances,Inc.of ZhuHai disclosed on October 10th, 2007, application number is 200710106158.7 patent of invention), because this small part cold-producing medium does not realize refrigerating function, do not realize heat-production functions yet, but this path being connected with normally closed node 82 by the second cross valve 80 internal high pressure nodes 81 directly turns back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end from compressing mechanism 1 port of export, therefore this small part cold-producing medium by capillary 9 is leakage loss.
As can be seen here: in the scheme shown in Fig. 6, the refrigerant flow conversion device being comprised of the second cross valve 80 and capillary 9 is by the switching effect to refrigerant flow direction, although make user's side heat exchanger 3 can play the part of the dual role of condenser and evaporimeter when work, overcome existing technological deficiency in the scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5; But also brought new problem, that is: in the course of the work, existed by the principle leakage loss of capillary 9; Although the normal operation that scheme shown in Fig. 6 can be stable, this will cause the decline of the operating efficiency of scheme shown in Fig. 6.
Patent of invention description (that is: the description of patent of invention 201010267689.6) " 0071~0072 " section, " 0083~0084 " section from scheme shown in Fig. 6, and further known in the description of " 0046~0048 " section: scheme shown in Fig. 6 is when realizing independent heating function, heater 8 is not worked, heat source side heat exchanger 6 is evaporimeters, be used for from environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) draw heat, user's side heat exchanger 3 is condensers, is used to user to heat; 4 normal operations of work Shi, first throttle mechanism, the second throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 cuts out.Workflow under this function is as follows:
Cold-producing medium is from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, through the 60 pipeline the 60, the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80, often open node the 84, the 67 pipeline 67, user's side heat exchanger 3, the second throttle mechanism the 5, the 58 pipeline the 58, the 57 pipeline 57, first throttle mechanism 4, heat source side heat exchanger the 6, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 63 pipelines 63 successively, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end.
As seen from the above description, when the scheme shown in Fig. 6 is worked under independent heating function, the connected mode of 70 4 connected nodes of the first cross valve is: the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74 are connected with the first cross valve 70 low pressure nodes 73, and the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 are connected with the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 72;
The connected mode of 80 4 connected nodes of the second cross valve is: the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 are often opened node 84 with the second cross valve 80 and are connected, and the normally closed node 82 of the second cross valve 80 is connected with the second cross valve 80 low pressure nodes 83.
Because during work, the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 are connected with the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 72, and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 is in closed condition, therefore as shown in Figure 6, in the course of work under independent heating function, from the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 successively through the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 72, the 61 pipeline 61, the first check valve 21, the 51 pipeline 51, heater 8 is to this refrigerant circulation passage of the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, cold-producing medium does not flow, therefore, scheme shown in Fig. 6 when working under independent heating function, the high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas that compressing mechanism 1 is discharged can be stagnated in the high-pressure side of the first cross valve 70 inside.
To sum up above known to the analysis of scheme shown in Fig. 6: the scheme shown in Fig. 6 by increasing a refrigerant flow conversion device being comprised of the second cross valve 80 and capillary 9 in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, although can make user's side heat exchanger 3, when work, can play the part of respectively the dual role of condenser and evaporimeter, having overcome the user's side heat exchanger 3 existing in scheme shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5 can only be as the technological deficiency of condenser use, but also brought new problem, that is: exist by the principle leakage loss of capillary 9 in the course of the work; Simultaneously, when heater 8, do not work, heat source side heat exchanger 6 is evaporimeters, when user's side heat exchanger 3 is condenser, that is: when the scheme shown in Fig. 6 is worked under independent heating function, the phenomenon that also there will be cold-producing medium to stagnate in the high-pressure side of the first cross valve 70 inside.
For the existing technological deficiency of the scheme shown in Fig. 6, in the patent of invention that the present patent application people is disclosed on 06 20th, 2012, application number is 201110355046.1, the scheme shown in Fig. 6 has been done to further improvement, as shown in Figure 7.
Scheme shown in scheme shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 6 is analyzed, can finds, there is no capillary 9 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme, in the course of work, the compressing mechanism 1 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the compressing mechanism in scheme 1 shown in Fig. 6;
Shown in Fig. 7 in scheme the second cross valve 80 be equivalent to the second cross valve 80 in scheme shown in Fig. 6;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the high pressure node 81 of the second cross valve 80 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the high pressure node 81 of the second cross valve 80 in scheme;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the low pressure node 83 of the second cross valve 80 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the low pressure node 83 of the second cross valve 80 in scheme;
Shown in Fig. 7 in scheme the second cross valve 80 often open that node 84 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the second cross valve 80 in scheme often open node 84;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the common points 82 of the second cross valve 80 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the normally closed node 82 of the second cross valve 80 in scheme;
The first cross valve 70 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the first cross valve 70 in scheme shown in Fig. 6;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the high pressure node 71 of the first cross valve 70 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the high pressure node 71 of the first cross valve 70 in scheme;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the low pressure node 73 of the first cross valve 70 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the low pressure node 73 of the first cross valve 70 in scheme;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the node 74 of often opening of the first cross valve 70 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the commutation node 74 of the first cross valve 70 in scheme;
Shown in Fig. 7, in scheme, the common points 72 of the first cross valve 70 is equivalent to shown in Fig. 6 the commutation node 72 of the first cross valve 70 in scheme;
The first flow direction control valve 41 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme (available the first check valve 21 substitutes) is equivalent to the first flow direction control valve 41 in scheme shown in Fig. 6 (available the first check valve 21 substitutes);
The second flow direction control valve 42 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme (available the second check valve 22 substitutes) is equivalent to the second flow direction control valve 42 in scheme shown in Fig. 6 (available the second check valve 22 substitutes);
First throttle mechanism 4 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the first throttle mechanism 4 in scheme shown in Fig. 6;
The second throttle mechanism 5 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the second throttle mechanism 5 in scheme shown in Fig. 6;
The 3rd throttle mechanism 7 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 in scheme shown in Fig. 6;
First Heat Exchanger 3 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the user's side heat exchanger 3 in scheme shown in Fig. 6;
The second heat exchanger 6 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the heat source side heat exchanger in scheme 6 shown in Fig. 6;
The 3rd heat exchanger 8 shown in Fig. 7 in scheme is equivalent to the heater in scheme 8 shown in Fig. 6.
As shown in Figure 7, owing to there is no capillary 9 in scheme, so in the course of work, the scheme shown in Fig. 7 does not exist shown in Fig. 6 existing by the principle leakage loss of capillary 9 in scheme, has overcome this technological deficiency in scheme shown in Fig. 6.
Further known from the description of patent of invention description (that is: the description of patent of invention 201110355046.1) " 0025~0027 " section of scheme shown in Fig. 7:
Scheme shown in Fig. 7 is when realizing separate refrigeration function, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is not worked, First Heat Exchanger 3 is evaporimeters, be used to user's cooling, the second heat exchanger 6 is condensers, for First Heat Exchanger 3 is entered to environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) for whole condensation heat that user refrigeration produces.Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 4 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 5 normal operations, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 cuts out.
The workflow of scheme shown in Fig. 7 under this function is: cold-producing medium is from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, successively through the 60 pipeline 60, the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 is often opened node 74, the 64 pipeline 64, the second heat exchanger 6, first throttle mechanism 4, the 57 pipeline 57, the 58 pipeline 58, the second throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger 3, the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80 is often opened node 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure nodes 83, the 65 pipeline 65, the 63 pipeline 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
From the workflow of scheme shown in above Fig. 7 under separate refrigeration function, when the scheme shown in Fig. 7 is worked under separate refrigeration function, the connected mode of 70 4 connected nodes of the first cross valve is: the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 are often opened node 74 with the first cross valve 70 and are connected, and the first cross valve 70 common points 72 are connected with the first cross valve 70 low pressure nodes 73.
The connected mode of 80 4 connected nodes of the second cross valve is: the second cross valve 80 is often opened node 84 and is connected with the second cross valve 80 low pressure nodes 83, and the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 are connected with the second cross valve 80 common points 82.
Because during work, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 are connected with the second cross valve 80 common points 82, and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 is in closed condition, therefore as shown in Figure 7, scheme shown in Fig. 7 is in the course of work of separate refrigeration function, from the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 successively through the second cross valve 80 common points 82, the 66 pipeline 66, the second check valve 22, the 51 pipeline 51, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is to this refrigerant circulation passage of the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, cold-producing medium does not flow, when therefore the scheme shown in Fig. 7 is worked under separate refrigeration function, the high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas that compressing mechanism 1 is discharged can be stagnated in the high-pressure side of the second cross valve 80 inside.
Also further known from the description of patent of invention description (that is: the description of patent of invention 201110355046.1) " 0040~0042 " section of scheme shown in Fig. 7:
Scheme shown in Fig. 7 is when realizing independent heating function, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is not worked, and the second heat exchanger 6 is evaporimeters, for from environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) draw heat, First Heat Exchanger 3 is condensers, is used to user to heat; 4 normal operations of work Shi, first throttle mechanism, the second throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 cuts out.
The workflow of scheme shown in Fig. 7 under this function is as follows: cold-producing medium is from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, successively through the 60 pipeline 60, the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 is often opened node 84, the 67 pipeline 67, First Heat Exchanger 3, the second throttle mechanism 5, the 58 pipeline 58, the 57 pipeline 57, first throttle mechanism 4, the second heat exchanger 6, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 is often opened node 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure nodes 73, the 65 pipeline 65, the 63 pipeline 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Workflow from the scheme shown in above Fig. 7 under independent heating function, when scheme shown in Fig. 7 is worked under this function, the connected mode of 70 4 connected nodes of the first cross valve is: the first cross valve 70 is often opened node 74 and is connected with the first cross valve 70 low pressure nodes 73, and the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 are connected with the first cross valve 70 common points 72.
The connected mode of 80 4 connected nodes of the second cross valve is: the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81 are often opened node 84 with the second cross valve 80 and are connected, and the second cross valve 80 common points 82 are connected with the second cross valve 80 low pressure nodes 83.
Because during work, the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 are connected with the first cross valve 70 common points 72, and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 is in closed condition, therefore as shown in Figure 7, in the course of work of scheme shown in Fig. 7 under independent heating function, from the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71 successively through the first cross valve 70 common points 72, the 61 pipeline 61, the first check valve 21, the 51 pipeline 51, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is to this refrigerant circulation passage of the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, cold-producing medium does not flow, when therefore the scheme shown in Fig. 7 is worked under independent heating function, the high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas that compressing mechanism 1 is discharged also can be stagnated in the high-pressure side of the first cross valve 70 inside.
Comprehensive above known to the analysis of scheme shown in Fig. 7: although the scheme shown in Fig. 7 has overcome the technological deficiency of scheme shown in Fig. 6, not exist shown in Fig. 6 existing by the principle leakage loss of capillary 9 in scheme; But in the course of work, do not work when the 3rd heat exchanger 8, First Heat Exchanger 3 is evaporimeters, when the second heat exchanger 6 is condenser (while working under separate refrigeration function), the phenomenon that there will be cold-producing medium to stagnate in the high-pressure side of the second cross valve 80 inside.
Similarly, in the course of work, when the 3rd heat exchanger 8, do not work, First Heat Exchanger 3 is condensers, when the second heat exchanger 6 is evaporimeter (while working under independent heating function), the phenomenon that also there will be cold-producing medium to stagnate in the high-pressure side of the first cross valve 70 inside.
As can be seen here, when the scheme shown in Fig. 7 works long hours under separate refrigeration function and independent heating function, in its cross valve inside due to the indirect heat exchange between the high temperature and high pressure gas of stagnating and mobile low-temp low-pressure gas, and the cross valve high-pressure side surface of shell heat radiation of environment towards periphery, therefore in the high-pressure side of cross valve inside, can produce refrigerant liquid, when the refrigerant liquid of these generations accumulates in the high-pressure side of cross valve inside, in the process of cross valve commutation, likely there is liquid hammer, cause the damage of cross valve, therefore scheme shown in Fig. 7 is due in separate refrigeration function with while working under heating function separately, the cold-producing medium stagnation problem occurring in its second cross valve 80 and the first cross valve 70 internal high pressure sides respectively, so whole system job insecurity, easily break down.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of cold-producing medium of avoiding is in the course of the work detained in the high-pressure side of cross valve inside, can prevent from producing refrigerant liquid in cross valve internal high pressure side, and can avoid principle leakage loss simultaneously; Can in whole year operation process, realize simultaneous air-conditioning, and operation of air conditioning systems simple in structure.
The problem existing in order to overcome above-mentioned technology, the technical scheme of the utility model technical solution problem is:
1, a kind of operation of air conditioning systems, comprise compressing mechanism (1), the first cross valve (70), First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the first check valve (21) and the second check valve (22), it is characterized in that: this operation of air conditioning systems also comprises the second cross valve (80), the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) is connected with the low pressure node (83) of described the second cross valve (80) by the 65 pipeline (65), the high pressure node (71) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 60 pipeline (60), compressing mechanism (1) port of export, compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, the 63 pipeline (63) is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80), the high pressure node (81) of described the second cross valve (80) is connected with the 60 pipeline (60) between compressing mechanism (1) port of export and the high pressure node (71) of the first cross valve (70) by the 59 pipeline (59), any one commutation node (84) in (80) two commutation nodes of described the second cross valve is successively by the 67 pipeline (67), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the 58 pipeline (58), the 57 pipeline (57), first throttle mechanism (5), First Heat Exchanger (3), any one commutation node (74) in (70) two commutation nodes of the 64 pipeline (64) and described the first cross valve is connected, another commutation node (82) of described the second cross valve (80) is successively by the 66 pipeline (66), the second check valve (22) arrival end, the second check valve (22) port of export, the 69 pipeline (69) is connected with the 64 pipeline (64), another commutation node (72) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 61 pipeline (61), the first check valve (21) arrival end, the first check valve (21) port of export, the 68 pipeline (68) is connected with the 67 pipeline (67), described the second heat exchanger (4) one end is successively by the second throttle mechanism (6), the 52 pipeline (52) is connected with the pipeline between described first throttle mechanism (5) and the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), described the second heat exchanger (4) other end is connected with the 63 pipeline (63) of described compressing mechanism (1) arrival end or the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80) by the 51 pipeline (51).
2, a kind of operation of air conditioning systems, comprise compressing mechanism (1), the first cross valve (70), First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the first check valve (21) and the second check valve (22), it is characterized in that: this operation of air conditioning systems also comprises the second cross valve (80), the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) is connected with the low pressure node (83) of described the second cross valve (80) by the 65 pipeline (65), the high pressure node (71) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 60 pipeline (60), compressing mechanism (1) port of export, compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, the 63 pipeline (63) is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80), the high pressure node (81) of described the second cross valve (80) is connected with the 60 pipeline (60) between compressing mechanism (1) port of export and the high pressure node (71) of the first cross valve (70) by the 59 pipeline (59), any one commutation node (84) in (80) two commutation nodes of described the second cross valve is successively by the 67 pipeline (67), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the 58 pipeline (58), the 57 pipeline (57), first throttle mechanism (5), First Heat Exchanger (3), any one commutation node (74) in (70) two commutation nodes of the 64 pipeline (64) and described the first cross valve is connected, another commutation node (82) of described the second cross valve (80) is successively by the 66 pipeline (66), the second check valve (22) arrival end, the second check valve (22) port of export, the 69 pipeline (69) is connected with the 64 pipeline (64), another commutation node (72) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 61 pipeline (61), the first check valve (21) arrival end, the first check valve (21) port of export, the 68 pipeline (68) is connected with the 67 pipeline (67), described the second heat exchanger (4) one end is successively by the second throttle mechanism (6), the 52 pipeline (52) is connected with the pipeline between described first throttle mechanism (5) and the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), described the second heat exchanger (4) other end is connected with the 61 pipeline (61) of described the first check valve (21) arrival end by the 51 pipeline (51).
3, a kind of operation of air conditioning systems, comprise compressing mechanism (1), the first cross valve (70), First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the first check valve (21) and the second check valve (22), it is characterized in that: this operation of air conditioning systems also comprises the second cross valve (80), the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) is connected with the low pressure node (83) of described the second cross valve (80) by the 65 pipeline (65), the high pressure node (71) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 60 pipeline (60), compressing mechanism (1) port of export, compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, the 63 pipeline (63) is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80), the high pressure node (81) of described the second cross valve (80) is connected with the 60 pipeline (60) between compressing mechanism (1) port of export and the high pressure node (71) of the first cross valve (70) by the 59 pipeline (59), any one commutation node (84) in (80) two commutation nodes of described the second cross valve is successively by the 67 pipeline (67), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the 58 pipeline (58), the 57 pipeline (57), first throttle mechanism (5), First Heat Exchanger (3), any one commutation node (74) in (70) two commutation nodes of the 64 pipeline (64) and described the first cross valve is connected, another commutation node (82) of described the second cross valve (80) is successively by the 66 pipeline (66), the second check valve (22) arrival end, the second check valve (22) port of export, the 69 pipeline (69) is connected with the 64 pipeline (64), another commutation node (72) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 61 pipeline (61), the first check valve (21) arrival end, the first check valve (21) port of export, the 68 pipeline (68) is connected with the 67 pipeline (67), described the second heat exchanger (4) one end is successively by the second throttle mechanism (6), the 52 pipeline (52) is connected with the pipeline between described first throttle mechanism (5) and the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), described the second heat exchanger (4) other end is connected with the 66 pipeline (66) of described the second check valve (22) arrival end by the 51 pipeline (51).
Compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is the utility model:
1. when operation, can avoid cold-producing medium to be detained in the high-pressure side of cross valve inside, can prevent from producing refrigerant liquid in cross valve internal high pressure side, and can avoid principle leakage loss simultaneously;
2. can realize the several functions such as refrigeration, heating, simultaneous air-conditioning;
3. work is more stable, reliable;
4. the utility model is applicable to industry and civilian operation of air conditioning systems, is specially adapted to temperature and humidity to have the occasion of requirement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment 1 structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model embodiment 2 structural representations;
Fig. 3 is the utility model embodiment 3 structural representations;
Fig. 4 is prior art structural representation;
Fig. 5 is prior art structural representation;
Fig. 6 is prior art structural representation;
Fig. 7 is prior art structural representation.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model content is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment is a kind of operation of air conditioning systems that can simultaneously control the temperature of air, humidity, for there being the occasion of refrigeration, the warm dehumidifying demand of confession the whole year.Whole equipment comprises following part: compressing mechanism 1, the first cross valve 70, the second cross valve 80, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the first check valve 21 and the second check valve 22; First throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 are all electric expansion valve.
The second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 are arranged in same air conditioner unit 10, and along the flow direction of air, the downwind side of the 3rd heat exchanger 8 in the second heat exchanger 4; There are two temperature-detecting devices, its set-up mode is: along the flow direction of air, the first temperature-detecting device 31 is arranged at the inlet side of the second heat exchanger 4, for detection of the second heat exchanger 4 intake air dry-bulb temperatures, the second temperature-detecting device 32 is also arranged at the inlet side of the second heat exchanger 4, for detection of the intake air wet-bulb temperature of the second heat exchanger 4.The handled air of air conditioner unit 10 is indoor circulation air.
This operation of air conditioning systems, in whole year operation process, can realize several functions.During work, First Heat Exchanger 3 is heat source side heat exchangers, and summer and spring and autumn, as condenser, distribute the condensation heat producing in refrigeration or dehumidification process to environment, and as evaporimeter, absorb heat winter from environment, for adding hot-air; The second heat exchanger 4 is the coolers in air conditioner unit 10, can realize the cooling of air or dehumidifying; The 3rd heat exchanger 8 is heater or the coolers in air conditioner unit 10, during as heater, can realize the heating of air or hot again, controls wind pushing temperature, during as cooler, can realize the cooling of air or dehumidifying.Workflow under each function is as described below respectively.
(1) separate refrigeration function
Scheme one: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4 work, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is not worked
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by First Heat Exchanger 3, and the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6 normal operations, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 cuts out.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipelines 66, the second check valve 22 arrival ends, second check valve 22 ports of export, the 69 pipeline 69, also enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; Two-way is after the 64 pipeline 64 mixes, pass through successively First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline the 57, the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 63 pipeline 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Scheme two: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4 is not worked, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 work
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by First Heat Exchanger 3, and the 3rd 8 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6 cuts out, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 normal operations.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipelines 66, the second check valve 22 arrival ends, second check valve 22 ports of export, the 69 pipeline 69, also enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; Two-way is after the 64 pipeline 64 mixes, successively through First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline the 57, the 58 pipeline 58, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, the 3rd heat exchanger the 8, the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Scheme three: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 are all worked
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by First Heat Exchanger 3, and the second heat exchanger 4,8 pairs of air of the 3rd heat exchanger carry out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 normal operations.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipelines 66, the second check valve 22 arrival ends, second check valve 22 ports of export, the 69 pipeline 69, also enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; Two-way, after the 64 pipeline 64 mixes, passes through First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism 5 successively, enters the 57 pipeline 57 and is divided into again two-way; The first via through the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline 51, enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; The second tunnel through the 58 pipeline 58, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, the 3rd heat exchanger the 8, the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipelines 65, also enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; Two-way, after the 63 pipeline 63 mixes, is got back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enters compressing mechanism 1 compressed, completes once circulation.
(2) the refrigerated dehumidification air hot merit energy again of holding concurrently
Under this function, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the condensation heat some that produces of dehumidifying utilizes First Heat Exchanger 3 to enter environment, another part in the 3rd heat exchanger 8 for the heat again of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 all work.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 74, the 64 pipelines 64, First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline 57, enters the 52 pipeline 52 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 84, the 67 pipelines 67, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline 58, also enters the 52 pipeline 52 successively; Two-way, after the 52 pipeline 52 mixes, through the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 63 pipeline 63, is got back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end successively, enters compressing mechanism 1 compressed, completes once circulation.
In the course of work, the control strategy of air conditioner unit 10 intake air dry-bulb temperatures is: the second heat exchanger 4 intake air dry-bulb temperatures that controller 30 detects according to the air conditioner unit 10 intake air dry-bulb temperatures of setting and the first temperature-detecting device 31, control the aperture of first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, regulate by the refrigerant flow of First Heat Exchanger 3 and the 3rd heat exchanger 8, realize the control to air conditioner unit 10 intake air dry-bulb temperatures.
The concrete control method of 30 pairs of air conditioner units of controller, 10 intake air dry-bulb temperatures has following three kinds of modes: the aperture of 1) setting first throttle mechanism 5 is definite value, by regulating the aperture of the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, realizes the control to intake air temperature; 2) aperture of setting the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 is definite value, by regulating the aperture of first throttle mechanism 5, realizes the control to intake air temperature; 3) regulate the aperture of first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 simultaneously, realize the control to intake air temperature.
When compressing mechanism 1 is frequency-changeable compressor, in the course of work, the control strategy of air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature is: the second heat exchanger 4 entrance actual air wet-bulb temperature that controller 30 detects according to the air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature of setting and the second temperature-detecting device 32, control the operating frequency of compressing mechanism 1, realize the control to air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature.Concrete control procedure is: the second heat exchanger 4 entrance actual air wet-bulb temperature that detect when the second temperature-detecting device 32 lower than set air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature time, reduce the operating frequency of compressing mechanism 1; The the second heat exchanger 4 entrance actual air wet-bulb temperature that detect when the second temperature-detecting device 32 higher than set air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature time, increase the operating frequency of compressing mechanism 1.
(3) winter air heating function
Under this function, First Heat Exchanger 3 draw heat from environment, the heat of drawing, in the 3rd heat exchanger 8, for the heating of air, the second heat exchanger 4 is not worked.
5 normal operations of work Shi, first throttle mechanism, the second throttle mechanism 6 cuts out, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 standard-sized sheets.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 72, the 61 pipelines 61, the first check valve 21 arrival ends, first check valve 21 ports of export, the 68 pipeline 68, enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, also enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; Two-way is after the 67 pipeline 67 mixes, successively through the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline the 58, the 57 pipeline 57, first throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger the 3, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
(4) the double heating function of dehumidifying in winter
In this function, First Heat Exchanger 3 draw heat from environment, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cool-down dehumidification, the condensation heat that produces of dehumidifying and the heat of drawing from environment, in the 3rd heat exchanger 8 all for the heating of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6 normal operations, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 standard-sized sheets.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 72, the 61 pipelines 61, the first check valve 21 arrival ends, first check valve 21 ports of export, the 68 pipeline 68, enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, also enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; Two-way, after the 67 pipeline 67 mixes, through the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, enters the 58 pipeline 58 and is divided into again two-way successively; The first via through the 57 pipeline 57, first throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger the 3, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipelines 65, enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; Another road through the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline 51, also enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; Two-way, after the 63 pipeline 63 mixes, is got back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enters compressing mechanism 1 compressed, completes once circulation.
(5) winter frost removing function
Under this function, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger room air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the condensation heat part that produces of dehumidifying is for the defrosting of First Heat Exchanger 3, another part in the 3rd heat exchanger 8 for the heat again of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 all work; First throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 are respectively used to regulate the refrigerant vapour flow by First Heat Exchanger 3 and the 3rd heat exchanger 8, and the second throttle mechanism 6 is for the throttling of refrigerant liquid.Its workflow is held concurrently with refrigerated dehumidification, and hot merit can be identical again for air.
In scheme shown in Fig. 1, the connection scheme of the second heat exchanger 4 in system is: second heat exchanger 4 one end are connected by the pipeline between the second throttle mechanism the 6, the 52 pipeline 52Yu first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 successively, and second heat exchanger 4 other ends are connected with the 63 pipeline 63 of compressing mechanism 1 arrival end by the 51 pipeline 51.
Except such scheme, connection scheme below the second heat exchanger 4 also has in system: second heat exchanger 4 one end are connected by the pipeline between the second throttle mechanism the 6, the 52 pipeline 52Yu first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 successively, and second heat exchanger 4 other ends are connected with the 65 pipeline 65 between the first cross valve 70 low pressure nodes 73 and the second cross valve 80 low pressure nodes 83 by the 51 pipeline 51.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, the present embodiment is also a kind of operation of air conditioning systems that can simultaneously control the temperature of air, humidity, for there being the occasion of refrigeration, the warm dehumidifying demand of confession the whole year.Scheme shown in Fig. 2 from the difference of scheme shown in Fig. 1 is: the connection scheme of the second heat exchanger 4 in system is different.In the scheme shown in Fig. 2, the connection scheme of the second heat exchanger 4 in system is: second heat exchanger 4 one end are connected by the pipeline between the second throttle mechanism the 6, the 52 pipeline 52Yu first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 successively, and second heat exchanger 4 other ends are connected with the 61 pipeline 61 of the first check valve 21 arrival ends by the 51 pipeline 51.
Whole equipment shown in Fig. 2 comprises following part: compressing mechanism 1, the first cross valve 70, the second cross valve 80, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the first check valve 21 and the second check valve 22; First throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 are all electric expansion valve.
The second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 are arranged in same air conditioner unit 10, and along the flow direction of air, the downwind side of the 3rd heat exchanger 8 in the second heat exchanger 4; There are two temperature-detecting devices, its set-up mode is: along the flow direction of air, the first temperature-detecting device 31 is arranged at the inlet side of the second heat exchanger 4, for detection of the second heat exchanger 4 intake air dry-bulb temperatures, the second temperature-detecting device 32 is also arranged at the inlet side of the second heat exchanger 4, for detection of the intake air wet-bulb temperature of the second heat exchanger 4.The handled air of air conditioner unit 10 is indoor circulation air.
This operation of air conditioning systems, in whole year operation process, can realize several functions.During work, First Heat Exchanger 3 is heat source side heat exchangers, and summer and spring and autumn, as condenser, distribute the condensation heat producing in refrigeration or dehumidification process to environment, and as evaporimeter, absorb heat winter from environment, for adding hot-air.
The second heat exchanger 4 is cooler or the heaters in air conditioner unit 10, and during as cooler, summer or transition season can be realized the cooling of air or dehumidifying; During as heater, can realize the heating of air winter.
The 3rd heat exchanger 8 is heater or the coolers in air conditioner unit 10, during as heater, can realize the heating of air or hot again, controls wind pushing temperature, during as cooler, can realize the cooling of air or dehumidifying.Workflow under each function is as described below respectively.
(1) separate refrigeration function
Scheme one: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4 work, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is not worked
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by First Heat Exchanger 3, and the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6 normal operations, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 cuts out.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipelines 66, the second check valve 22 arrival ends, second check valve 22 ports of export, the 69 pipeline 69, also enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; Two-way is after the 64 pipeline 64 mixes, successively through First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline the 57, the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 61 pipeline 61, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 72, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Scheme two: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4 is not worked, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 work
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by First Heat Exchanger 3, and the 3rd 8 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6 cuts out, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 normal operations.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipelines 66, the second check valve 22 arrival ends, second check valve 22 ports of export, the 69 pipeline 69, also enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; Two-way is after the 64 pipeline 64 mixes, successively through First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline the 57, the 58 pipeline 58, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, the 3rd heat exchanger the 8, the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Scheme three: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 are all worked
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by First Heat Exchanger 3, and the second heat exchanger 4,8 pairs of air of the 3rd heat exchanger carry out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 normal operations.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipelines 66, the second check valve 22 arrival ends, second check valve 22 ports of export, the 69 pipeline 69, also enters the 64 pipeline 64 successively; Two-way, after the 64 pipeline 64 mixes, passes through First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism 5 successively, enters the 57 pipeline 57 and is divided into again two-way; The first via through the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 61 pipeline 61, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 72, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipelines 65, enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; The second tunnel through the 58 pipeline 58, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, the 3rd heat exchanger the 8, the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipelines 65, also enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; Two-way, after the 63 pipeline 63 mixes, is got back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enters compressing mechanism 1 compressed, completes once circulation.
(2) the refrigerated dehumidification air hot merit energy again of holding concurrently
Under this function, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the condensation heat some that produces of dehumidifying utilizes First Heat Exchanger 3 to enter environment, another part in the 3rd heat exchanger 8 for the heat again of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 all work.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 74, the 64 pipelines 64, First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline 57, enters the 52 pipeline 52 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 84, the 67 pipelines 67, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline 58, also enters the 52 pipeline 52 successively; Two-way is after the 52 pipeline 52 mixes, successively through the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 61 pipeline 61, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 72, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
In the course of work, the adjusting control strategy of air conditioner unit 10 intake air dry-bulb temperatures, wet-bulb temperature is identical with embodiment 1.
(3) winter air heating function
Under this function, First Heat Exchanger 3 draw heat from environment, the heat of drawing, in the second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 for the heating of air.
5 normal operations of work Shi, first throttle mechanism, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 be standard-sized sheet all.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 72, the 61 pipeline the 61, the 51 pipelines 51, the second heat exchanger 4, the second throttle mechanism the 6, the 52 pipeline 52, enters the 57 pipeline 57 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 84, the 67 pipelines 67, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline 58, also enters the 57 pipeline 57 successively; Two-way is after the 57 pipeline 57 mixes, successively through first throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger the 3, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
(4) winter frost removing function
Under this function, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger room air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the condensation heat some that produces of dehumidifying is for the defrosting of First Heat Exchanger 3, another part in the 3rd heat exchanger 8 for the heat again of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 all work.Its workflow is held concurrently with refrigerated dehumidification, and hot merit can be identical again for air.
Under this function, in order reasonably to regulate by the refrigerant flow of First Heat Exchanger 3 and the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the control of realization to air conditioner unit 10 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures, First Heat Exchanger 3 is carried out to defrost simultaneously, in air conditioner unit 10 exits, establish the 3rd temperature-detecting device 33, for detection of the air dry-bulb temperature in air conditioner unit 10 exits.
Control strategy in the course of work is: the 3rd heat exchanger 8 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures that controller 30 detects according to the air conditioner unit 10 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures of setting and the 3rd temperature-detecting device 33, control the aperture of first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, regulate respectively by the refrigerant flow of First Heat Exchanger 3 and the 3rd heat exchanger 8, realize the control to air conditioner unit 10 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures.Generally, the air conditioner unit 10 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures of setting are generally not less than 37 ℃.
Particularly, under this function, the control method of 30 pairs of air conditioner unit 10 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures of controller has following three kinds of modes: the aperture of 1) setting first throttle mechanism 5 is definite value, by regulating the aperture of the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, realizes the control to outlet air dry-bulb temperature; 2) aperture of setting the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 is definite value, by regulating the aperture of first throttle mechanism 5, realizes the control to outlet air dry-bulb temperature; 3) regulate the aperture of first throttle mechanism 5 and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 simultaneously, realize the control to outlet air dry-bulb temperature.
In addition, when compressing mechanism 1 is frequency-changeable compressor, in the course of work, under this function, the frequency of compressing mechanism 1 has following two kinds of adjustment control methods: the frequency of 1) setting compressing mechanism 1 is a fixed value.2) in defrost process, utilize the intake air wet-bulb temperature of 1 pair of air conditioner unit 10 of compressing mechanism to control, its control strategy is: the second heat exchanger 4 entrance actual air wet-bulb temperature that controller 30 detects according to the air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature of setting and the second temperature-detecting device 32, control the operating frequency of compressing mechanism 1, realize the control to air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature.Concrete control procedure is: the second heat exchanger 4 entrance actual air wet-bulb temperature that detect when the second temperature-detecting device 32 lower than set air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature time, reduce the operating frequency of compressing mechanism 1; The the second heat exchanger 4 entrance actual air wet-bulb temperature that detect when the second temperature-detecting device 32 higher than set air conditioner unit 10 intake air wet-bulb temperature time, increase the operating frequency of compressing mechanism 1.
Control method under above-described winter frost removing function is also applicable to other embodiment in the present invention.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 3, the present embodiment is also a kind of operation of air conditioning systems that can simultaneously control the temperature of air, humidity, for there being the occasion of refrigeration, the warm dehumidifying demand of confession the whole year.Whole equipment comprises following part: compressing mechanism 1, the first cross valve 70, the second cross valve 80, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the first check valve 21 and the second check valve 22; First throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 are all electric expansion valve.
First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4 are arranged in same air conditioner unit 10, and along the flow direction of air, the downwind side of First Heat Exchanger 3 in the second heat exchanger 4; There are two temperature-detecting devices, its set-up mode is: along the flow direction of air, the first temperature-detecting device 31 is arranged at the inlet side of the second heat exchanger 4, for detection of the second heat exchanger 4 intake air dry-bulb temperatures, the second temperature-detecting device 32 is also arranged at the inlet side of the second heat exchanger 4, for detection of the intake air wet-bulb temperature of the second heat exchanger 4.The handled air of air conditioner unit 10 is indoor circulation air.
This operation of air conditioning systems, in whole year operation process, can realize several functions.During work, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is heat source side heat exchangers, and summer and spring and autumn, as condenser, distribute the condensation heat producing in refrigeration or dehumidification process to environment, and as evaporimeter, absorb heat winter from environment, for adding hot-air.
The second heat exchanger 4 is cooler or the heaters in air conditioner unit 10, and during as cooler, summer and transition season can be realized the cooling of air or dehumidifying; During as heater, can realize the heating of air winter.
First Heat Exchanger 3 is heater or the coolers in air conditioner unit 10, during as heater, can realize the heating of air or hot again, controls wind pushing temperature, during as cooler, can realize the cooling of air or dehumidifying.Workflow under each function is as described below respectively.
(1) separate refrigeration function
Scheme one: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4 work, First Heat Exchanger 3 is not worked
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by the 3rd heat exchanger 8, and the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5 closes, the second throttle mechanism 6 normal operations, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 standard-sized sheets.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 72, the 61 pipelines 61, the first check valve 21 arrival ends, first check valve 21 ports of export, the 68 pipeline 68, enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, also enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; Two-way is after the 67 pipeline 67 mixes, successively through the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline the 58, the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 66 pipeline 66, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 82, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Scheme two: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4 is not worked, First Heat Exchanger 3 work
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by the 3rd heat exchanger 8, and 3 pairs of air of First Heat Exchanger carry out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
5 normal operations of work Shi, first throttle mechanism, the second throttle mechanism 6 cuts out, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 standard-sized sheets.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 72, the 61 pipelines 61, the first check valve 21 arrival ends, first check valve 21 ports of export, the 68 pipeline 68, enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, also enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; Two-way is after the 67 pipeline 67 mixes, successively through the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline the 58, the 57 pipeline 57, first throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger the 3, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
Scheme three: in air conditioner unit 10, the second heat exchanger 4, First Heat Exchanger 3 are all worked
Under this scheme, the condensation heat that refrigeration produces all enters environment (outdoor air or cooling water or soil etc.) by the 3rd heat exchanger 8, and the second heat exchanger 4,3 pairs of air of First Heat Exchanger carry out cooling or cool-down dehumidification.
During work, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 standard-sized sheets, the second throttle mechanism 6,5 normal operations of first throttle mechanism.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 72, the 61 pipelines 61, the first check valve 21 arrival ends, first check valve 21 ports of export, the 68 pipeline 68, enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, also enters the 67 pipeline 67 successively; Two-way, after the 67 pipeline 67 mixes, through the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, enters the 58 pipeline 58 and is divided into again two-way successively; The first via through the 52 pipeline 52, the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 66 pipeline 66, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 82, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipelines 65, enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; The second tunnel through the 57 pipeline 57, first throttle mechanism 5, First Heat Exchanger the 3, the 64 pipeline 64, the first cross valve 70 commutation nodes 74, the first cross valve 70 low pressure node the 73, the 65 pipelines 65, also enters the 63 pipeline 63 successively; Two-way, after the 63 pipeline 63 mixes, is got back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enters compressing mechanism 1 compressed, completes once circulation.
(2) the refrigerated dehumidification air hot merit energy again of holding concurrently
Under this function, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the condensation heat some that produces of dehumidifying utilizes the 3rd heat exchanger 8 to enter environment, another part in First Heat Exchanger 3 for the heat again of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 all work.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 74, the 64 pipelines 64, First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline 57, enters the 52 pipeline 52 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 84, the 67 pipelines 67, the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the 3rd throttle mechanism the 7, the 58 pipeline 58, also enters the 52 pipeline 52 successively; Two-way is after the 52 pipeline 52 mixes, successively through the second throttle mechanism 6, the second heat exchanger the 4, the 51 pipeline the 51, the 66 pipeline 66, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 82, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
In the course of work, the adjusting control strategy of air conditioner unit 10 intake air dry-bulb temperatures, wet-bulb temperature is identical with embodiment 1.
(3) winter air heating function
Under this function, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 draw heat from environment, the heat of drawing, in the second heat exchanger 4, First Heat Exchanger 3 for the heating of air.
During work, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 normal operations, the second throttle mechanism 6, first throttle mechanism 5 be standard-sized sheet all.Its workflow is: cold-producing medium, from compressing mechanism 1 port of export is discharged, enters the 60 pipeline 60 and is divided into two-way; The first via through the first cross valve 70 high pressure nodes 71, the first cross valve 70 commutation node the 74, the 64 pipelines 64, First Heat Exchanger 3, first throttle mechanism the 5, the 57 pipeline 57, enters the 58 pipeline 58 successively; The second tunnel through the 59 pipeline 59, the second cross valve 80 high pressure nodes 81, the second cross valve 80 commutation node the 82, the 66 pipeline the 66, the 51 pipelines 51, the second heat exchanger 4, the second throttle mechanism the 6, the 52 pipeline 52, also enters the 58 pipeline 58 successively; Two-way is after the 58 pipeline 58 mixes, successively through the 3rd throttle mechanism 7, the 3rd heat exchanger the 8, the 67 pipeline 67, the second cross valve 80 commutation nodes 84, the second cross valve 80 low pressure node the 83, the 65 pipeline the 65, the 63 pipelines 63, get back to compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, enter compressing mechanism 1 compressed, complete once circulation.
(4) winter frost removing function
Under this function, the second 4 pairs, heat exchanger room air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the condensation heat some that produces of dehumidifying is for the defrosting of the 3rd heat exchanger 8, another part in First Heat Exchanger 3 for the heat again of air.
Work Shi, first throttle mechanism 5, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 all work.Its workflow is held concurrently with refrigerated dehumidification, and hot merit can be identical again for air.
Under this function, in order reasonably to regulate by the refrigerant flow of First Heat Exchanger 3 and the 3rd heat exchanger 8, the control of realization to air conditioner unit 10 outlet air dry-bulb temperatures, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is carried out to defrost simultaneously, in air conditioner unit 10 exits, establish the 3rd temperature-detecting device 33, for detection of the air dry-bulb temperature in air conditioner unit 10 exits.Under this function, the control strategy in the course of work is identical with embodiment 2 with method.
Embodiment 4
Scheme shown in embodiment 1 Fig. 1, when reality is used, has following further improvement project: in system, increase a liquid reservoir 50.The connected mode of liquid reservoir 50 in system is: first throttle mechanism 5 one end are connected with First Heat Exchanger 3, and first throttle mechanism 5 other ends are connected with liquid reservoir 50 by the 57 pipeline 57; The 3rd throttle mechanism 7 one end are connected with the 3rd heat exchanger 8, and the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 other ends are connected with liquid reservoir 50 by the 58 pipeline 58; Second throttle mechanism 6 one end are connected with the second heat exchanger 4, and second throttle mechanism 6 other ends are connected with any place in liquid reservoir the 50, the 57 pipeline 57 or the 58 pipeline 58 by the 52 pipeline 52.
The method of attachment of the above-described liquid reservoir 50 of the present embodiment in system, is applicable to scheme described in all embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 5
Scheme shown in embodiment 1 Fig. 1, by increase an oil eliminator 90 in system, can be improved further, now, the connected mode of oil eliminator 90 in system is: oil eliminator 90 arrival ends are connected with compressing mechanism 1 port of export, and oil eliminator 90 ports of export are connected with the 60 pipeline 60.
During work, the effect of oil eliminator 90 is that the exhaust of compressing mechanism 1 is carried out to oil separation.The above scheme of the present embodiment is applicable to scheme described in all embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 6
Scheme shown in embodiment 1 Fig. 1, by increase a gas-liquid separator 91 in system, can be improved further, now, the connected mode of gas-liquid separator 91 in system is: gas-liquid separator 91 ports of export are connected with compressing mechanism 1 arrival end, and gas-liquid separator 91 arrival ends are connected with the 65 pipeline 65 between the low pressure node 73 of the first cross valve 70 and the low pressure node 83 of the second cross valve 80 by the 63 pipeline 63.
During work, the effect of gas-liquid separator 91 is separate compressors structure 1 refrigerant liquids in air-breathing, avoids producing liquid hammer.The above scheme of the present embodiment is applicable to scheme described in all embodiment of the present invention.
In the scheme of the above-mentioned all embodiment of the present invention, any one check valve in described the first check valve 21, the second check valve 22 can both adopt magnetic valve, (for example: any one electric expansion valve) or in flow control device substitutes have the throttle mechanism of turn-off function.
In the scheme of the above-mentioned all embodiment of the present invention, compressing mechanism 1 is except can adopting the single stage compress being comprised of at least one compressor, also can adopt shown in Fig. 1, by at least one low pressure compressor 1-1 and at least one the Two-stage Compression that high pressure compressor 1-2 forms, now, low pressure compressor 1-1 arrival end is connected with the 63 pipeline 63, the low pressure compressor 1-1 port of export is successively by middle gas supplementing opening A, high pressure compressor 1-2 arrival end, the high pressure compressor 1-2 port of export, be connected with the 59 pipeline 59 with the 60 pipeline 60, can certainly adopt the single machine compression with double stage mode being formed by least one compressor.
Any one in the above low pressure compressor 1-1, high pressure compressor 1-2 or two whiles, can adopt any one in following compressor: screw compressor, helical-lobe compressor, rolling rotor compressor, sliding-vane compressor, rotary blade type compressor, centrifugal compressor, digital scroll compressor; Any one in low pressure compressor 1-1, high pressure compressor 1-2 or two whiles, can be also variable conpacitance compressor (for example: frequency-changeable compressor, digital scroll compressor), or constant speed compressor.
In the scheme of the above-mentioned all embodiment of the present invention, compressing mechanism 1 can adopt any one in following compressor: screw compressor, helical-lobe compressor, rolling rotor compressor, sliding-vane compressor, rotary blade type compressor, centrifugal compressor, digital scroll compressor; Compressing mechanism 1 can be also variable conpacitance compressor (for example: frequency-changeable compressor, digital scroll compressor), or constant speed compressor; The compressor bank that compressing mechanism 1 can also be comprised of at least one variable conpacitance compressor, or the compressor bank being formed by least one constant speed compressor; In addition, compressing mechanism 1 can be also at least one variable conpacitance compressor and at least one the compressor bank that constant speed compressor forms.
In the scheme of the above-mentioned all embodiment of the present invention, First Heat Exchanger 3, except being cold-producing medium-air heat exchanger, can be also the heat exchanger of cold-producing medium-water-to-water heat exchanger or other kind; During as cold-producing medium-water-to-water heat exchanger, First Heat Exchanger 3 adopts any one in volumetric heat exchanger, plate type heat exchanger, shell and tube exchanger or double pipe heat exchanger conventionally.
The 3rd heat exchanger 8 be except can be cold-producing medium-water-to-water heat exchanger, and the 3rd heat exchanger 8 can be also cold-producing medium-air heat exchanger or according to the heat exchanger that uses other kind needing; During as cold-producing medium-water-to-water heat exchanger, the 3rd heat exchanger 8 adopts any one in volumetric heat exchanger, plate type heat exchanger, shell and tube exchanger or double pipe heat exchanger conventionally, or the heat exchanger of other kind as required.
Any one in First Heat Exchanger 3, the second heat exchanger 4 or the 3rd heat exchanger 8 is during as cold-producing medium-air heat exchanger, conventionally adopt finned heat exchanger, the fin of described finned heat exchanger is generally aluminum or aluminum alloy material, in some special occasions, also uses copper material.
In the scheme Zhong, first throttle mechanism 5 of the above-mentioned all embodiment of the present invention, the second throttle mechanism 6, the 3rd throttle mechanism 7 one or more, even all throttle mechanisms can both adopt there is turn-off function throttle mechanism (for example: electric expansion valve) substitute.
In the scheme of the above-mentioned all embodiment of the present invention, described all pipelines are all copper pipes.

Claims (10)

1. an operation of air conditioning systems, comprise compressing mechanism (1), the first cross valve (70), First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the first check valve (21) and the second check valve (22), it is characterized in that: this operation of air conditioning systems also comprises the second cross valve (80), the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) is connected with the low pressure node (83) of described the second cross valve (80) by the 65 pipeline (65), the high pressure node (71) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 60 pipeline (60), compressing mechanism (1) port of export, compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, the 63 pipeline (63) is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80), the high pressure node (81) of described the second cross valve (80) is connected with the 60 pipeline (60) between compressing mechanism (1) port of export and the high pressure node (71) of the first cross valve (70) by the 59 pipeline (59), any one commutation node (84) in (80) two commutation nodes of described the second cross valve is successively by the 67 pipeline (67), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the 58 pipeline (58), the 57 pipeline (57), first throttle mechanism (5), First Heat Exchanger (3), any one commutation node (74) in (70) two commutation nodes of the 64 pipeline (64) and described the first cross valve is connected, another commutation node (82) of described the second cross valve (80) is successively by the 66 pipeline (66), the second check valve (22) arrival end, the second check valve (22) port of export, the 69 pipeline (69) is connected with the 64 pipeline (64), another commutation node (72) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 61 pipeline (61), the first check valve (21) arrival end, the first check valve (21) port of export, the 68 pipeline (68) is connected with the 67 pipeline (67), described the second heat exchanger (4) one end is successively by the second throttle mechanism (6), the 52 pipeline (52) is connected with the pipeline between described first throttle mechanism (5) and the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), described the second heat exchanger (4) other end is connected with the 63 pipeline (63) of described compressing mechanism (1) arrival end or the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80) by the 51 pipeline (51).
2. an operation of air conditioning systems, comprise compressing mechanism (1), the first cross valve (70), First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the first check valve (21) and the second check valve (22), it is characterized in that: this operation of air conditioning systems also comprises the second cross valve (80), the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) is connected with the low pressure node (83) of described the second cross valve (80) by the 65 pipeline (65), the high pressure node (71) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 60 pipeline (60), compressing mechanism (1) port of export, compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, the 63 pipeline (63) is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80), the high pressure node (81) of described the second cross valve (80) is connected with the 60 pipeline (60) between compressing mechanism (1) port of export and the high pressure node (71) of the first cross valve (70) by the 59 pipeline (59), any one commutation node (84) in (80) two commutation nodes of described the second cross valve is successively by the 67 pipeline (67), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the 58 pipeline (58), the 57 pipeline (57), first throttle mechanism (5), First Heat Exchanger (3), any one commutation node (74) in (70) two commutation nodes of the 64 pipeline (64) and described the first cross valve is connected, another commutation node (82) of described the second cross valve (80) is successively by the 66 pipeline (66), the second check valve (22) arrival end, the second check valve (22) port of export, the 69 pipeline (69) is connected with the 64 pipeline (64), another commutation node (72) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 61 pipeline (61), the first check valve (21) arrival end, the first check valve (21) port of export, the 68 pipeline (68) is connected with the 67 pipeline (67), described the second heat exchanger (4) one end is successively by the second throttle mechanism (6), the 52 pipeline (52) is connected with the pipeline between described first throttle mechanism (5) and the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), described the second heat exchanger (4) other end is connected with the 61 pipeline (61) of described the first check valve (21) arrival end by the 51 pipeline (51).
3. an operation of air conditioning systems, comprise compressing mechanism (1), the first cross valve (70), First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the first check valve (21) and the second check valve (22), it is characterized in that: this operation of air conditioning systems also comprises the second cross valve (80), the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) is connected with the low pressure node (83) of described the second cross valve (80) by the 65 pipeline (65), the high pressure node (71) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 60 pipeline (60), compressing mechanism (1) port of export, compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, the 63 pipeline (63) is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80), the high pressure node (81) of described the second cross valve (80) is connected with the 60 pipeline (60) between compressing mechanism (1) port of export and the high pressure node (71) of the first cross valve (70) by the 59 pipeline (59), any one commutation node (84) in (80) two commutation nodes of described the second cross valve is successively by the 67 pipeline (67), the 3rd heat exchanger (8), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), the 58 pipeline (58), the 57 pipeline (57), first throttle mechanism (5), First Heat Exchanger (3), any one commutation node (74) in (70) two commutation nodes of the 64 pipeline (64) and described the first cross valve is connected, another commutation node (82) of described the second cross valve (80) is successively by the 66 pipeline (66), the second check valve (22) arrival end, the second check valve (22) port of export, the 69 pipeline (69) is connected with the 64 pipeline (64), another commutation node (72) of described the first cross valve (70) is successively by the 61 pipeline (61), the first check valve (21) arrival end, the first check valve (21) port of export, the 68 pipeline (68) is connected with the 67 pipeline (67), described the second heat exchanger (4) one end is successively by the second throttle mechanism (6), the 52 pipeline (52) is connected with the pipeline between described first throttle mechanism (5) and the 3rd throttle mechanism (7), described the second heat exchanger (4) other end is connected with the 66 pipeline (66) of described the second check valve (22) arrival end by the 51 pipeline (51).
4. according to the operation of air conditioning systems described in arbitrary claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that described first throttle mechanism (5) one end is connected with First Heat Exchanger (3), described first throttle mechanism (5) other end is connected with liquid reservoir (50) by the 57 pipeline (57); Described the 3rd throttle mechanism (7) one end is connected with the 3rd heat exchanger (8), and described the 3rd throttle mechanism (7) other end is connected with liquid reservoir (50) by the 58 pipeline (58); Described the second throttle mechanism (6) one end is connected with the second heat exchanger (4), and described the second throttle mechanism (6) other end is connected with any place in liquid reservoir (50), the 57 pipeline (57) or the 58 pipeline (58) by the 52 pipeline (52).
5. according to the operation of air conditioning systems described in arbitrary claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that an oil eliminator (90) arrival end is connected with described compressing mechanism (1) port of export, described oil eliminator (90) port of export is connected with the 60 pipeline (60).
6. according to the operation of air conditioning systems described in arbitrary claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that a gas-liquid separator (91) port of export is connected with described compressing mechanism (1) arrival end, described gas-liquid separator (91) arrival end is connected with the 65 pipeline (65) between the low pressure node (73) of described the first cross valve (70) and the low pressure node (83) of the second cross valve (80) by the 63 pipeline (63).
7. according to the operation of air conditioning systems described in arbitrary claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that any one in described first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7) is electric expansion valve.
8. according to the operation of air conditioning systems described in arbitrary claim in claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that described the second heat exchanger (4), the 3rd heat exchanger (8) are arranged in same air conditioner unit (10), and along the flow direction of air, the downwind side of described the 3rd heat exchanger (8) in the second heat exchanger (4).
9. operation of air conditioning systems according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described First Heat Exchanger (3), the second heat exchanger (4) are arranged in same air conditioner unit (10), and along the flow direction of air, the downwind side of described First Heat Exchanger (3) in the second heat exchanger (4).
10. operation of air conditioning systems according to claim 4, is characterized in that any one in described first throttle mechanism (5), the second throttle mechanism (6), the 3rd throttle mechanism (7) is electric expansion valve.
CN201320573473.1U 2012-09-24 2013-09-08 Air conditioning refrigeration equipment Withdrawn - After Issue CN203464560U (en)

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CN 201210381271 CN102853594A (en) 2012-09-24 2012-09-24 Refrigeration equipment for air conditioner
CN201320573473.1U CN203464560U (en) 2012-09-24 2013-09-08 Air conditioning refrigeration equipment

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103900288A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-02 中交第二航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Heat pump unit for harbor districts and control method thereof
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