CN203320079U - Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in rare earth extraction process - Google Patents

Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in rare earth extraction process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203320079U
CN203320079U CN2013203584049U CN201320358404U CN203320079U CN 203320079 U CN203320079 U CN 203320079U CN 2013203584049 U CN2013203584049 U CN 2013203584049U CN 201320358404 U CN201320358404 U CN 201320358404U CN 203320079 U CN203320079 U CN 203320079U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic phase
extraction process
rare earth
extraction
conveying belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013203584049U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邬元旭
蔡立宁
鲍永平
林斌
钟平
吴建华
何德华
周雪珍
谢爱玲
丁龙
王悦
宋丽莎
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QUANNAN BAOTOU STEEL JINGHUAN RARE EARTH CO Ltd
Original Assignee
QUANNAN BAOTOU STEEL JINGHUAN RARE EARTH CO Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by QUANNAN BAOTOU STEEL JINGHUAN RARE EARTH CO Ltd filed Critical QUANNAN BAOTOU STEEL JINGHUAN RARE EARTH CO Ltd
Priority to CN2013203584049U priority Critical patent/CN203320079U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203320079U publication Critical patent/CN203320079U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Recycling

Abstract

The utility model provides organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a rare earth extraction process. The organic phase continuous saponification equipment in the rare earth extraction process comprises an extraction groove, a melting chamber and a quantitative feeding system, wherein the outlet organic phase of the extraction groove is connected with the melting chamber, and the outlet organic phase of the extraction groove and the melting chamber are separated by using filter cloth or a filter membrane; the melting chamber is simultaneously connected with the water outlet of the first stage of the extraction groove through pipelines; the quantitative feeding system comprises an engine base, a conveying rack, a conveying belt, an adjustable-speed motor, a transition spindle and a vibration type feeding funnel; a belt wheel is arranged on the output shaft of the adjustable-speed motor; the transition spindle is driven to rotate by the belt wheel; the transition spindle drives the conveying belt to move by using friction force. According to the organic phase continuous saponification equipment in the rare earth extraction process, original common alkali compound saponification is changed into alkali rare earth compound continuous saponification, semi-mechanization operation can be realized, the labor intensity is relieved, the production efficiency and the product quality can be improved, the consumption of acid, alkali and water can be reduced, the separation efficiency is improved, and the production cost in an extraction process is reduced.

Description

Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a kind of Rare-Earth Extraction Process
Technical field
The utility model relates to the rare earth extraction technical field, is specially a kind ofly to take the solid alkaline rare earth compound as saponifying agent, the acidic extractant organic phase is carried out the equipment of continuous saponification in Rare-Earth Extraction Process.
Background technology
In Rare Earths Countercurrent Extraction Process, extraction agent must be first with basic cpd by its saponification, its loading capacity is increased, thereby improves extracting and separating efficiency.The saponifying agent used at present is mostly the general alkali compound, by artificial feeding, and the also more difficult control of its materials amount, a large amount of acid of this saponification process need consumption, alkaline solution, and produce a large amount of waste water, contaminate environment.
The utility model content
The technical problem that the utility model solves is to provide the equipment of the organic phase continuous saponification in a kind of Rare-Earth Extraction Process, to solve the shortcoming in the above-mentioned background technology.
The technical problem that the utility model solves realizes by the following technical solutions:
Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a kind of Rare-Earth Extraction Process, comprise extraction tank, molten material chamber and dosing system.
Described extraction tank is two chamber type multi-stage solvent extraction grooves that are uniformly mixed, and is connected with described molten material chamber in its outlet organic phase, and centre separates with filter cloth or filter membrane.
Described molten material chamber is connected with extraction tank first step outlet water by pipeline again simultaneously.
Described dosing system comprises loading hopper, support, carriage, conveying belt, buncher and transition main shaft.Described carriage is fixed on described support, carriage is provided with described conveying belt, described buncher is fixed on carriage, be provided with described transition main shaft in conveying belt, the output shaft of buncher is provided with belt wheel, buncher drives the transition main shaft by belt wheel and rotates, and the transition main shaft utilizes the frictional force driving conveying belt to move.
Described carriage one end is positioned at top, molten material chamber, and the other end is positioned at the funnel hole below of loading hopper.
Described loading hopper adopts the oscillatory type batch meter.
Take alkaline rare earth compound as saponifying agent at the utility model, without using the general alkali compound, utilize buncher by conveying belt, alkaline rare earth compound to be transported to molten material chamber quantitatively, the acidic aqueous solution generation acid-base reaction of returning with the extraction tank first step, rare earth ion enters solution, and, by with outlet, the filter cloth between organic phase or filter membrane enter extraction tank and contact with organic phase and realizes extracting, the acid exchanged in extraction process finally exports water by the first step and turns back to molten material chamber to the extraction tank first step is mobile with water.Realized the proceed step by step of sour molten reaction and extractive reaction.Neither have influence on extraction process, also can guarantee that the rare earth loaded amount of organic phase reaches the requirement of later separation, without adding water.
Beneficial effect: the utility model is simple in structure, complete machine is easy and simple to handle, safeguard simple, changing the saponification of former general alkali compound is alkaline rare earth compound continuous saponification, realize the semi-mechanization operation, alleviated labour intensity, improved production efficiency and product quality, reduced the consumption of acid, alkali, water etc., improved separation efficiency, thereby reduced the production cost in extraction production process.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The one-piece construction schematic diagram that Fig. 1 is the utility model preferred embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the utility model Rare-Earth Extraction Process schematic diagram.
In figure: extraction tank 1, molten material chamber 2, dosing system 3, filter cloth 21, filter membrane 22, loading hopper 31, support 32, carriage 33, conveying belt 34, buncher 35, transition main shaft 36, belt wheel 37.
Embodiment
For technique means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the utility model.
Referring to the organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a kind of Rare-Earth Extraction Process of Fig. 1-Fig. 2, comprise extraction tank 1, molten material chamber 2 and dosing system 3.
Extraction tank 1 is two chamber type multi-stage solvent extraction grooves that are uniformly mixed, and is connected with molten material chamber 2 in its outlet organic phase, and centre separates with filter cloth 21 or filter membrane 22, and the solid rare earth compound is not directly contacted with organic phase.
Molten material chamber 2 is connected with the outlet water of extraction tank 1 first step by pipeline again simultaneously, and the acidic aqueous solution that Rare-Earth Extraction Process is produced can enter molten material chamber, realizes recycling of acid, water, reduces discharge.
Dosing system 3 comprises loading hopper 31, support 32, carriage 33, conveying belt 34, buncher 35 and transition main shaft 36.Carriage 33 is fixed on support 32, carriage 33 is provided with conveying belt 34, buncher 35 is fixed on carriage 33, be provided with transition main shaft 36 in conveying belt 34,35 output shafts of buncher are provided with belt wheel 37, buncher 35 drives transition main shaft 36 by belt wheel 37 and rotates, and transition main shaft 36 utilizes frictional force driving conveying belt 34 to move.
Carriage 33 1 ends are positioned at 2 tops, molten material chamber, and the other end is positioned at the funnel hole below of loading hopper 31.
During use, the first flow according to extraction agent, calculate the amount of the required alkaline rare earth compound of saponification, again by the vibration of loading hopper 31, utilize buncher 35 by conveying belt 34, alkaline rare earth compound to be transported to molten material chamber 2 quantitatively, the acidic aqueous solution generation acid-base reaction of returning with extraction tank 1 first step, rare earth ion enters solution, and contact with organic phase and realize extracting by with the filter cloth 21 of outlet between organic phase, entering extraction tank, the acid exchanged in extraction process is flowed and finally by first step outlet water, is turned back to molten material chamber to the first step with water, realize acid, recycling of water, reduce discharge.
Above demonstration and described ultimate principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification sheets, describes just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in claimed the utility model scope.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. the organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a Rare-Earth Extraction Process, it is characterized in that, comprise extraction tank, molten material chamber and dosing system, described extraction tank outlet organic phase is connected with described molten material chamber, centre separates with filter cloth or filter membrane, and described molten material chamber is connected by pipeline and extraction tank first step outlet water again simultaneously; Described dosing system comprises loading hopper, support, carriage, conveying belt, buncher and transition main shaft; Described carriage is fixed on described support, carriage is provided with described conveying belt, described buncher is fixed on carriage, be provided with described transition main shaft in conveying belt, the output shaft of buncher is provided with belt wheel, buncher drives the transition main shaft by belt wheel and rotates, and the transition main shaft utilizes the frictional force driving conveying belt to move; Described carriage one end is positioned at top, molten material chamber, and the other end is positioned at the funnel hole below of loading hopper.
2. the organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a kind of Rare-Earth Extraction Process according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described extraction tank is two chamber type multi-stage solvent extraction grooves that are uniformly mixed.
3. the organic phase continuous saponification equipment in a kind of Rare-Earth Extraction Process according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described loading hopper adopts the oscillatory type batch meter.
CN2013203584049U 2013-06-21 2013-06-21 Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in rare earth extraction process Expired - Fee Related CN203320079U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203584049U CN203320079U (en) 2013-06-21 2013-06-21 Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in rare earth extraction process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203584049U CN203320079U (en) 2013-06-21 2013-06-21 Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in rare earth extraction process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203320079U true CN203320079U (en) 2013-12-04

Family

ID=49659448

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013203584049U Expired - Fee Related CN203320079U (en) 2013-06-21 2013-06-21 Organic phase continuous saponification equipment in rare earth extraction process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203320079U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107236863A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-10 赣州市恒源科技股份有限公司 A kind of utilization saponification is with extraction to reclaim the retracting device of heavy metal in neodymium iron boron waste material
CN110711691A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-21 北京科技大学 Strip-shaped material sorting device and method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107236863A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-10 赣州市恒源科技股份有限公司 A kind of utilization saponification is with extraction to reclaim the retracting device of heavy metal in neodymium iron boron waste material
CN110711691A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-21 北京科技大学 Strip-shaped material sorting device and method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131204

Termination date: 20150621

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model