CN203249604U - Laser detector for scissors difference between cranks of oil pumping unit - Google Patents

Laser detector for scissors difference between cranks of oil pumping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203249604U
CN203249604U CN 201320310433 CN201320310433U CN203249604U CN 203249604 U CN203249604 U CN 203249604U CN 201320310433 CN201320310433 CN 201320310433 CN 201320310433 U CN201320310433 U CN 201320310433U CN 203249604 U CN203249604 U CN 203249604U
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CN
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Prior art keywords
laser
holding
marking
rack
rod
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CN 201320310433
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘敏勇
孙长海
蔺健
祝宏霞
孙继福
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刘敏勇
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a detection apparatus and particularly relates to a laser detector for a scissors difference between cranks of an oil pumping unit. The laser detector is composed of a marking machine and a holding machine. The marking machine is composed of a rack marking rod erected on a first magnetic support and a laser marker vertically hinged to the rack marking rod. The holding machine is composed of a rack holding rod erected on a second magnetic support and a holding ruler longitudinally fixed on the rack holding rod. According to the laser detector, two components are firmly adsorbed at two ends of the ranks by using magnetic flux switches which controls magnetic flux, and the scissors difference between the cranks of the oil pumping unit is determined qualified or not based on a value indicated by the reading of the laser maker, and thus measurement efficiency and precision are raised further.

Description

抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪技术领域 Pumping laser detector crank scissors Field

[0001] 本实用新型涉及检测装置,尤其涉及一种抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪。 [0001] The present invention relates to a detection device, particularly to a pumping laser detector crank scissors.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 抽油机曲柄是两根平行同轴的曲杆。 [0002] The pumping unit is two parallel crank coaxial knee lever. 由于长时间的工作,两曲柄受到的摩擦和腐蚀程度的不同,使两曲柄的重心线偏离,产生了剪刀差;剪刀差的产生会导致抽油机配重不均匀,进而损坏抽油机。 Since long hours of work, different levels of friction and corrosion by the two cranks, the center of gravity deviates from the line of two cranks, produced scissors; scissors generation will lead to uneven weight pumping, pumping and damage. 因而,抽油机曲柄剪刀差的测量是油田的日常维护工作,而测量方法大致有两种即直尺法和穿轴法。 Accordingly, the measuring pumping crank scissors daily maintenance field, and the measurement methods are roughly two methods i.e. ruler and perforating axis method. 直尺法測量在安装和搭接曲柄两端时会出现较大的误差,一是直尺的长度加大了测量误差,ニ是直尺本身的直度也存在误差,尤其是在塞尺配合使用时更容易出现误差,使用的测具越多其精准度越差。 Measuring ruler large errors occur during installation and overlapping ends of the crank, the length of one ruler increased measurement error, ni is a linear straightedge itself there are errors, particularly with the feeler more prone to errors when used, measured with the use of the more its accuracy worse. 而穿轴法不易操作,误差率大。 While wearing axis method to operate, and a large error rate.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型g在针对背景技术中存在的不足,而提供了一种抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪。 [0003] In the present invention, the shortage of the g background art, provide a pumping laser detector crank scissors.

[0004] 为了解决上述问题,本实用新型采用如下的技术方案: [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0005] 本实用新型的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,由标机和把机构成,所述的标机是由第一磁力机座上矗立了机架标杆、并在机架标杆上垂向铰接了光标笔构成;把机是由第ニ磁力机座上矗立了机架把杆、并在机架把杆上纵向固定了把尺构成。 [0005] The present invention crank scissors pumping laser detector, by the mechanism into the labeling machine and said machine is a standard rack standing by the first magnetic pole machine base, and hanging on the rack pole constituting a hinge to the stylus; ni of the magnetic machine is a machine base stands the rack bar, and a vertical ruler is fixed to the rack rod configuration.

[0006] 作为本实用新型的进ー步改进,第一磁力机座与第二磁力机座具有相同的几何形状,及相同的平滑的机座底面。 [0006] The present invention further improvement ー inlet, a first base and a second magnetic magnetic stand having the same geometry, the same smooth and the bottom surface of the cradle.

[0007] 作为本实用新型的进ー步改进,机架标杆和机架把杆是具有相同几何形状的柱形杆体,光标笔的发射头与把尺的刻度盘相对应。 A cylindrical rod [0007] The present invention further improvement ー feed, the rack bar and rack pole having the same geometry, the stylus head and ruler emission dial corresponds.

[0008] 作为本实用新型的进ー步改进,第一磁力机座和第二磁力机座均有内置的磁块,在其机座的外売上分别设有控制磁通的磁力开关I和磁力开关II。 [0008] The present invention further improvement ー inlet, a first magnetic stand and the second stand are built-magnetic magnet on its outer bai stand are provided control magnetic switch I and a magnetic flux switch II.

[0009] 作为本实用新型的进ー步改进,标机与把机座于同一基台I上,光标笔发射的光线点击中把尺上的刻度0点位。 [0009] The present invention further improve the intake ー, marked with the machine stand on the same base I, the light emission of the stylus to click on the point 0 on the scale on the ruler.

[0010] 作为本实用新型的进ー步改进,标机与把机分别座于抽油机曲臂的曲柄I和曲柄II上、其两座位的连线于曲臂呈垂直,光标笔发射的光线点击中把尺上的刻度。 [0010] The present invention further improvement ー feed, and the labeling machine are seated on the pumping unit crank crank crank I and II, which two seats in a vertical connection to the crank, the stylus emitted click on the light in the scale on the ruler.

[0011] 作为本实用新型的进ー步改进,所述的光标笔是由彩色激光发射器代替。 [0011] The present invention further improved feed ー, the cursor color pen is replaced by a laser transmitter.

[0012] 本实用新型的一种抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,结构设计合理,通过激光检测減少了测量误差,而且操作简单,从而达到提高工作效率和測量精度的目的。 [0012] The present invention Pumping Unit crank scissors laser detector, reasonable structure, reducing the measurement error is detected by a laser, and simple operation, so as to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the object.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 图1为本实用新型零校准时的结构示意图; [0013] Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of the calibration zero invention;

[0014] 图2为本实用新型测量时的结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram when the present invention is measured. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面结合附图1和附图2对本实用新型的一种抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,作进ー步说明: [0015] accompanying drawings and the following description of the present invention step a crank scissors pumping laser detector, for feeding ー 1 Figure 2:

[0016] 本实用新型的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,由标机I和把机2构成,标机I是由第一磁力机座3上矗立了机架标杆4、并在机架标杆4上垂向铰接了光标笔5构成;把机2是由第二磁力机座6上矗立了机架把杆7、并在机架把杆7上纵向固定了把尺8构成。 [0016] The present invention crank scissors pumping laser detector, composed of a standard machine, and the machine I 2, I marking machine stand is a first magnetic pole 4 stands on rack 3, and a rack benchmark 4 a vertical hinge 5 composed of the stylus; 2 the machine is standing the rack bar 7 by the second magnetic force on the base 6, and 7 on the longitudinally fixed to the ruler bar 8 constitute a rack. 所述的第一磁力机座3与第二磁力机座6具有相同的几何形状,及相同的平滑的机座底面;机架标杆4和机架把杆7是具有相同几何形状的柱形杆体,光标笔5的发射头与把尺8的刻度盘相对应。 Said first magnetic stand 3 and the second magnetic stand 6 have the same geometry, the same smooth and the bottom surface of base; benchmark rack 4 and the rack shaft 7 is a cylindrical rod having the same geometry , the stylus 5 with emitter tips dial 8 corresponds to the foot. 在第一磁力机座3和第二磁力机座6均有内置的磁块,在其机座的外壳上分别设有控制磁通的磁力开关I 9和磁力开关II 10。 In the first and second magnetic magnetic base stand 3 has a built-in magnet 6, in which the housing base are provided with magnetic flux control switches and a magnetic switch I 9 II 10.

[0017] 測量前,先进行归零校准。 Before the [0017] measurement, zero calibration performed first. 即将标机I与把机2座于同一基台I 11上,光标笔5发射的光线点击中把尺8上刻度的0点位即为合格,如果不归零就要调整归零后方可使用,如图1所示。 I and the labeling machine is about on the same machine base I. 11, the stylus 5 of the light emitted in the two clicks on the scale 80 foot point is qualified before use if necessary to adjust not zero zero ,As shown in Figure 1.

[0018] 测量时,将标机I与把机2分别座于抽油机曲臂的曲柄I 12和曲柄II 13上、其两座位的连线于曲臂呈垂直,光标笔5发射的光线点击中于把尺8的刻度上,通过在把尺8上读出的光标笔5所照射到的点的数值,如图2所示。 [0018] When measured, the standard machine I and 2 are seated in the machine pumping crank crank 13 and I 12, which is in the form of two-seat connection crank crank II vertical light, emitted from the stylus 5 clicks on the ruler scale. 8, numerical values ​​irradiated by the stylus 5 on the read out scale of 8:00, as shown in FIG. 本装置根据需要,其光标笔5是可由彩色激光发射器来代替。 This apparatus required that the stylus 5 may be used instead of the color laser emitters.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,由标机(I)和把机(2)构成,其特征在于标机(I)是由第一磁力机座(3)上矗立了机架标杆(4)、并在机架标杆(4)上垂向铰接了光标笔(5)构成;把机(2)是由第二磁力机座(6)上矗立了机架把杆(7)、并在机架把杆(7)上纵向固定了把尺(8)构成。 1. crank scissors pumping laser detector, and the machine (2) is constituted by standard machine (I), characterized in that the marking machine (I) by a first magnetic pole stand stands on a rack (3) ( 4), and on the frame vertical pole (4) of the stylus to the hinge (5) constituting; the machine (2) by the second magnetic force on the stand (6) stands on the rack rod (7), and in the rack rod (7) longitudinally fixed to the foot (8) configured.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,其特征在于第一磁力机座(3)与第二磁力机座(6)具有相同的几何形状,及相同的平滑的机座底面。 Scissors as claimed crank pumping laser detector of claim 1 and by the same smoothing machine, characterized in that the first magnetic stand (3) and the second magnetic stand (6) have the same geometry, Block bottom surface.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,其特征在于机架标杆(4)和机架把杆(7)是具有相同几何形状的柱形杆体,光标笔(5)的发射头与把尺(8)的刻度盘相对应。 3. The crank scissors pumping laser detector according to claim 1, characterized in that the pole rack (4) and the rack rod (7) is a cylindrical rod having the same geometry, the stylus (5) emission head and ruler (8) corresponding to the dial.
  4. 4.如权利要求1或2或3所述的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,其特征在于第一磁力机座(3)和第二磁力机座(6)均有内置的磁块,在其机座的外壳上分别设有控制磁通的磁カ开关I (9)和磁力开关II (10)。 4. The pumping laser detector crank scissors 1 or claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the first magnetic stand (3) and a second magnetic stand (6) has a built-in magnet, in ka are respectively provided with a magnetic switch I (9) and a magnetic switch II (10) on its housing to control the flux of the machine base.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,其特征在于标机(I)与把机(2)座于同一基台I (11)上,光标笔(5)发射的光线点击中把尺(8)上的刻度0点位。 5. The pumping unit of claim 4, wherein the crank scissors laser detector, characterized in that the marking machine (I) and the machine (2) is seated on the same base I (11), the stylus (5) emitted click-ray ruler on a scale from 0 point (8).
  6. 6.如权利要求4所述的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,其特征在于标机(I)与把机(2)分别座于抽油机曲臂的曲柄I (12)和曲柄II (13)上、其两座位的连线于曲臂呈垂直,光标笔(5)发射的光线点击中把尺(8)上的刻度。 Scissors as claimed crank pumping laser detector 4 (12) and the crank II (claims, characterized in that the marking machine (I) and the dryer (2) are seated in pumping crank crank I 13), in which two seats connection crank shape vertical scale light click, the stylus (5) emitted on the foot (8).
  7. 7.如权利要求1或2或3或5或6所述的抽油机曲柄剪刀差激光检测仪,其特征在于所述的光标笔(5)是由彩色激光发射器代替。 7. Pumping laser detector crank scissors 1 or 2 or 3 or 5 or according to claim 6, wherein said cursor pen (5) is replaced by a color laser emitter.
CN 201320310433 2013-06-01 2013-06-01 Laser detector for scissors difference between cranks of oil pumping unit CN203249604U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN 201320310433 CN203249604U (en) 2013-06-01 2013-06-01 Laser detector for scissors difference between cranks of oil pumping unit

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103954256A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-07-30 北京隆盛泰科石油管科技有限公司 Method for detecting scissors difference of two cranks of pumping unit
CN104236485A (en) * 2014-10-14 2014-12-24 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 Straightness measuring device
WO2017050753A1 (en) * 2015-09-22 2017-03-30 Prüftechnik Dieter Busch AG Method for aligning vertical axes of rotation of rotatably supported bodies and system for use in such a method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103954256A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-07-30 北京隆盛泰科石油管科技有限公司 Method for detecting scissors difference of two cranks of pumping unit
CN104236485A (en) * 2014-10-14 2014-12-24 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 Straightness measuring device
CN104236485B (en) * 2014-10-14 2017-02-15 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 A linear measuring device
WO2017050753A1 (en) * 2015-09-22 2017-03-30 Prüftechnik Dieter Busch AG Method for aligning vertical axes of rotation of rotatably supported bodies and system for use in such a method

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