CN203235574U - Rotational flow device - Google Patents

Rotational flow device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203235574U
CN203235574U CN 201220734817 CN201220734817U CN203235574U CN 203235574 U CN203235574 U CN 203235574U CN 201220734817 CN201220734817 CN 201220734817 CN 201220734817 U CN201220734817 U CN 201220734817U CN 203235574 U CN203235574 U CN 203235574U
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swirl
flow devices
separation hood
cavity
devices according
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220734817
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Chinese (zh)
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刘晔
刘敏婕
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a rotational flow device. The rotational flow device at least comprises a body, a separation hood, an end cover, a feeding hole, an overflow hole and a sand removal device, and is characterized in that the interior of the body is in a hollow cavity structure; the end cover is arranged at the upper part of the body; the separation hood is fixed at the upper end of a hollow cavity in the body; the overflow hole is fixedly formed in the side wall of the separation hood, penetrates through the body and extends out of the body; the feeding hole is fixedly formed in the involute or tangent direction at the upper end of the side part of the body; a small equal-diameter conical end surface of the body is connected with the sand removal device. The rotational flow device has a stable, long-lasting and determined classification effect and is energy-saving, and abrasion is reduced.

Description

Swirl-flow devices
Technical field
The utility model relates to swirl-flow devices, particularly a kind of with the two-phase in liquid, solid, the gas or three-phase mixture by granular size, the swirl-flow devices that uses when the proportion size is carried out classification.
Background technology
Swirl-flow devices is a kind of mixture slurry classifying equipoment that is widely used in the industries such as mine, oil, environmental protection, chemical industry, in the mine usually and ball mill support the use, consist of together ore grinding-classification closed circuit circulatory system.Its basic structure is by the cylinder in top, and the post cone cavity body that the cone in bottom consists of adds a charging mouth of pipe, an overflow outlet and a desilting ozzle, and is simple in structure because of it, without running gear, used in a large number in a lot of industries.
The principle of existing swirl-flow devices is: slurry is given the ore deposit import with what more high-lift sand pump was squeezed into swirl-flow devices, gas-solid mixture is then used blower fan, feed along cylinder top tangential direction to the ore deposit, pressure changes into flow velocity along the cone High Rotation Speed of cylinder and bottom like this, energy is constantly consumed, the coarse granule of high concentration is discharged from the bottom sand settling mouth, the little liquid of fine grained and proportion, gas energy is less, in being rotated down process, move to the cylinder central part gradually, elder generation's backspin, revolve on rear, discharge from the main body central upper portion overflow mouth of pipe at last, reach the purpose of classification.
In the mine, the underflow sand setting enters ball mill, and overflow enters the system of sorting.Therefore, the effect of swirl-flow devices has also determined the effect of ore grinding and ore dressing.
Although this equipment is simple in structure, without running gear,, certainly be born in the last hundred years, there are the following problems always: Cut size is uncertain, and is suddenly big or suddenly small; Energy consumption is high, and serious wear in order to reach higher swirl velocity, need to have the feed force up to 0.06 ~ 0.16 mpa, and general operating pressure is 0.065 ~ 0.08mpa.Under such feed force, the wearing and tearing of pump, pipeline and swirl-flow devices itself are very serious, and are especially particularly serious with the sand settling mouth wearing and tearing of bottom.Sand settling mouth cavity diameter after the wearing and tearing enlarges, the very fast variation of swirl-flow devices parameter change, grading effect, and sand setting concentration descends, the grading effect variation.And then have influence on the effect of subsequent technique.New swirl-flow devices moved after about week to 10 day, and grading effect just begins to descend.After three months just almost normally classification need to change and revolve mouth.
In addition, exist air column in the swirl-flow devices, the slurry of eddy flow makes air accumulation in the centre of swirl-flow devices, the compressibility of air is so that air column is very unstable, the change of pressure make air column compressed-discharge, unsettled air column is so that classification process is unstable, and it is about 50% that the energy of air column consumption has, and these energy losses are in idle work.
Short-circuit flow is another problem that common swirl-flow devices exists, and nearly 15% ~ 30% fluid is not classified to be fed directly to out the interruption-forming short-circuit flow through import, affects classification efficiency.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the problem that the air column in the existing swirl-flow devices in the background technology, short-circuit flow, serious wear and grading effect descend, providing a kind of reduces wear, stable, long-acting, as a to determine grading effect is arranged, and energy-conservation swirl-flow devices.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: design a kind of swirl-flow devices, which comprises at least: body, separation hood, end cap, charging aperture, overfall and sand removing device; It is characterized in that: body interior is the hollow cavity structure, body top is end cap, the hollow cavity upper end of body interior is fixed with separation hood, the sidewall locations of separation hood is fixed with overfall, overfall passes body and extends to external, involute or the tangential direction of body sidepiece upper end are fixed with charging aperture, and the isometrical coniform small end face of body is connected to sand removing device.
Have some through holes on the described end cap.
Described body is vertical structure.
Described body is the hollow cavity structure that is formed by connecting by cylindrical cavity and these two parts of coniform cavity, the lower end of cylindrical cavity and isometrical being fixedly connected with of coniform cavity large end face, and sand removing device is connected to the small end face place of the coniform cavity of body.
Described charging aperture up and down along level height all be not higher than separation hood up and down along level height, be positioned at the position among the upper and lower edge of separation hood.
Described conical separation hood is a streamlined cavity cone, and the separation hood side-walls has some through holes or atresia, and the same axle center of separation hood and body is fixedly connected in the end cap of top.
Described sand removing device comprises the sand removing hole that sand discharger is connected with the sand discharger lower end, and sand discharger is the in-built sediment outflow rotor that can rotate of a cylindrical cavity
Described sand discharger is fixedly connected with coniform cavity lower end off-centre or the central alignment of body.
The height of column of described body and cone aspect ratio are between 1:0.1 ~ 1:10, diameter is high than being 1:0.1 ~ 1 with post; Between 10.
The coniform cavity of described body is cone angle 60 0~5 ° cone perhaps is the Internal Spherical Surface body.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, incoming flow need to realize complete swirling motion to lower eddy flow behind the circulation of separation hood outside, and after thickness was separated, coarse grain was downward, discharges from spigot.Particulate is discharged through the overflow mouth of pipe from separation hood is inner because of energy shortage.The blocking-up of separation hood incoming flow directly enter the formed short-circuit flow of overflow pipe.Reduce thickness and mixed, thereby improved the classification efficiency of material.
2, the design's underflow sand setting adopts special-purpose sand removing device, automatic sand draining or mechanical sediment outflow, and sediment outflow is stable.Cut size determines that Cut size is large and small can be regulated.Feed force is little, and is energy-conservation.The effect of stable cyclonic separation.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with specific embodiments and the drawings the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is sand discharger 3 and the eccentric fixed connection structure schematic diagram in the coniform cavity lower end of body 1;
Fig. 2 is sand discharger 3 and the coaxial schematic diagram that is fixedly connected with of coniform cavity lower end central alignment of body 1.
Among the figure: 1, body; 2, separation hood; 3, sand discharger; 4, end cap; 5, charging aperture; 6, overfall; 7. sand removing hole.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Swirl-flow devices in the present embodiment mainly is comprised of body 1, separation hood 2, end cap 4, charging aperture 5, overfall 6 and sand removing device, and body 1 adopts vertical.
Body 1 is to be formed by connecting by the coniform cavity two parts of the cylindrical cavity of upper end and lower end, cone shape large end face and cylindric isometrical being fixedly connected with, body 1 inside of isometrical taper is the hollow cavity structure under the upper prop, body 1 top is end cap 4, the hollow cavity upper end of body 1 inside is fixed with separation hood 2, the sidewall locations of separation hood 2 is fixed with overfall 6, overfall 6 passes body 1 and extends to outside the body 1, involute-the tangential direction of body 1 sidepiece upper end is fixed with charging aperture 5, and the isometrical coniform small end face of body 1 is connected to sand removing device.
The specific works process of this device is: the mixed material that two or three among liquid, solid, the gas three consists of is squeezed in the body 1 along the involute-tangential direction of body 1 by charging aperture 5 with sand pump (gas blower fan), compared with prior art, this swirl-flow devices can be realized the classification of slurry (perhaps gas) under the feed force less than 0.06Mpa; It is interior rear along top cylindrical column High Rotation Speed that slurry enters body 1, the energy of somaplasm is constantly consumed, the coarse granule of slurry (or gas) middle and high concentration moves from the bottom, enter the spigot in the body 1 lower cone body, enter the sealing sand removing device through spigot again and discharge, feed next process; Fine grained in the ore pulp (perhaps gas) is because energy is less, in rotary course, move to cylinder central shaft position, because pressure differential fine grained and water move in the separation hood 2 on main center top together, and finally from discharging with the overfall 6 of separation hood 2 sidepieces, finish classification.
This swirl-flow devices is owing to add separation hood 2 on top, so ore pulp pressure enters body 1 when interior, and unassorted raw ore slurry can not enter in the separation hood and classified fine fraction thin pulp mixes.Stop raw ore slurry to enter overfall by feed port and directly discharged " short circuit " that causes.Simultaneously, also stoped a part of ore pulp to move at slurry near swirl-flow devices.The flow of slurry that the part medium grain arranged in the general swirl-flow devices makes progress first, more outwards, downwards, upwards circulate connecing paracentral position again, is called as " interior circulation ", and energy is by useless consumption, and in the utility model, interior circulation does not exist.
This swirl-flow devices moves under 0.01 mpa<p<0.16mpa feed force, and swirl velocity is lower, thereby has reduced petty damage, has also reduced energy loss.When improving classification efficiency, also reach energy-conservation purpose, without interior circulation, without ore pulp " short circuit ", operate steadily.
Embodiment 2
The sand removing device of above-described embodiment comprises that sand discharger 3 is connected the sand removing hole 7 that the lower end connects with sand discharger, and sand discharger 3 is the in-built rotary sediment outflow rotors of a cylindrical cavity, and sand discharger 3 is fixedly connected with the coniform cavity lower end off-centre of body 1, sees Fig. 1; Perhaps coaxial being fixedly connected with of coniform cavity lower end central alignment of sand discharger 3 and body 1 seen Fig. 2.
Can select the sand discharger 3 of coaxial form or eccentric form according to the difference of minute stage material, the sand discharger 3 of eccentric form is because its eccentric setting can be realized automatic discharge, be applicable to the material than small particle diameter, the material of greater particle size uses eccentric form then to produce easily look and stops up, therefore need the sand discharger 3 of coaxial form, can carry out artificial sediment outflow.
The height of column of swirl-flow devices and cone aspect ratio are between 1:0.1 ~ 1:10, diameter is high than being 1:0.1 ~ 1 with post; Between 10, the raw material of classification and classification require to regulate as required.The bottom is that cone angle is 60 0~5 ° of cones perhaps are the Internal Spherical Surface body.
Conical separation hood 2 is streamlined cavity cones, and separation hood 2 side-walls have some through holes or atresia, and separation hood 2 and body 1 same axle center are fixedly connected in the top end cap 4, have equally some through holes or atresia on the end cap 4.
The upper of charging aperture 5 is not higher than the upper along level height of separation hood 2 along level height, is positioned at the position among the separation hood 2 upper and lower edges.
The parts that present embodiment is not described in detail and structure belong to well-known components and common structure or the conventional means of the industry, here not one by one narration.

Claims (10)

1. swirl-flow devices which comprises at least: body (1), separation hood (2), end cap (4), charging aperture (5), overfall (6) and sand removing device; It is characterized in that: body (1) inside is the hollow cavity structure, body (1) top is end cap (4), the inner hollow cavity upper end of body (1) is fixed with separation hood (2), the sidewall locations of separation hood (2) is fixed with overfall (6), overfall (6) passes body (1) and extends to outside the body (1), involute or the tangential direction of body (1) sidepiece upper end are fixed with charging aperture (5), and the isometrical coniform small end face of body (1) is connected to sand removing device.
2. swirl-flow devices according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described end cap has some through holes on (4).
3. swirl-flow devices according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body (1) is vertical structure.
4. swirl-flow devices according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body (1) is the hollow cavity structure that is formed by connecting by cylindrical cavity and these two parts of coniform cavity, the lower end of cylindrical cavity and isometrical being fixedly connected with of coniform cavity large end face, sand removing device is connected to the small end face place of the coniform cavity of body (1).
5. swirl-flow devices according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the height of column of described body (1) and cone aspect ratio are between 1:0.1 ~ 1:10, diameter is high than being 1:0.1 ~ 1 with post; Between 10.
6. swirl-flow devices according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the coniform cavity of described body (1) is cone angle 60 0~5 ° cone perhaps is the Internal Spherical Surface body.
7. swirl-flow devices according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described charging aperture (5) up and down along level height all be not higher than separation hood (2) up and down along level height, be positioned at the position among the upper and lower edge of separation hood (2).
8. swirl-flow devices according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described conical separation hood (2) is a streamlined cavity cone, separation hood (2) side-walls has some through holes or atresia, and separation hood (2) and the same axle center of body (1) are fixedly connected in the top end cap (4).
9. swirl-flow devices according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described sand removing device comprises that sand discharger (3) is connected 3 with sand discharger) sand removing hole (7) that the lower end connects, sand discharger (3) is the in-built sediment outflow rotor that can rotate of a cylindrical cavity.
10. swirl-flow devices according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described sand discharger (3) is fixedly connected with coniform cavity lower end off-centre or the central alignment of body (1).
CN 201220734817 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Rotational flow device Expired - Fee Related CN203235574U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103008122A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 刘晔 Swirler
CN107999287A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-05-08 天长市天鑫粮油贸易有限责任公司 A kind of eddy flow pneumatic unloader
CN112452564A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-03-09 辽宁科技大学 Novel hydrocyclone with secondary pressurization function and cyclone classification method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103008122A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 刘晔 Swirler
CN103008122B (en) * 2012-12-28 2016-02-03 刘晔 Cyclone
CN107999287A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-05-08 天长市天鑫粮油贸易有限责任公司 A kind of eddy flow pneumatic unloader
CN112452564A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-03-09 辽宁科技大学 Novel hydrocyclone with secondary pressurization function and cyclone classification method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131016

Termination date: 20161228

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee